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Sedo Aleksi - - 2002
Chelerythrine, sanguinarine and an alkaloid extract from Macleaya cordata--sanguiritrin--were found to be inhibitors of aminopeptidase A and dipeptidyl peptidase IV, while fagaronine inhibited dipeptidyl peptidase IV only. At 50 microM, chelerythrine, sanguinarine and sanguiritrin inhibited aminopeptidase N by 82%, 82%, 88%, DPP IV by 38%, 62%, 57%, and fagaronine by ...
Bobrow Catherine S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of maternal serum activin A, inhibin A, and follistatin with fetal growth and placental function. STUDY DESIGN: Inhibin A, activin A, and follistatin were measured in maternal serum that was stored from normally grown (control subjects, n = 50) ...
Felemban Afaf - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concentrations in women with normal intrauterine pregnancy (IUP), arrested IUP and ectopic pregnancy (EP). METHOD: This was a prospective, case-control study evaluating serum VEGF concentrations among 45 early pregnant women who subsequently were found to have an EP, a normal ...
ATASAY, BEGÜM
Hipofosfatazya, normal kemik mineralizasyonu i inerekli olan serum ve doku alkalen fosfataz enzim aktivitesinin azalmas veya olmamas ile karekterli nadir bir kemik hastal d r. Yenido an d neminde l mle sonu lanan hastal n a r infantil formunda kal t m otozomal resesiftir. (Hypophosphatasia is a rare bone disorder ...
Loukovaara Mikko - - 2002
AIM: Few studies address decidual function in abnormal pregnancies, due obviously to shortage of appropriate markers. Glycodelin is produced by epithelial cells of pregnancy decidua. We investigated whether serum glycodelin concentrations are altered in premature rupture of membranes (PROM). METHODS: Serum glycodelin concentrations were measured in 32 women with PROM ...
Fialova L - - 2002
Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) is an important pregnancy protein. PAPP-A exists in pregnancy serum as a heterotetrameric 2:2 complex with the proform of eosinophil major basic protein (proMBP), forming an approximately 500 kDa and called PAPP-A/proMBP. The gene of PAPP-A has been assigned to human chromosome 9q 33.1. PAPP-A ...
MacLean M A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The mechanism by which the maternal immune system tolerates the fetus during pregnancy is unclear. METHODS: This study measured interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) concentrations in the serum of non-pregnant women (Group 1); healthy first trimester pregnant women (Group 2); pregnant women with a history of recurrent miscarriage whose pregnancies again ...
Ogura Kazuhiro - - 2002
We investigated the changes of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) size and serum lipids during pregnancy and postpartum not only in normal pregnant women but also in preeclampsia. Serum triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol levels as well as serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, apolipoprotein (Apo) A1, B, E and remnant-like particle (RLP)-cholesterol levels ...
Kuga Mutsumi - - 2002
Changes in gustatory sense were investigated in 97 pregnant women and in 30 healthy, non-pregnant women who served as controls. All 97 pregnant women completed a questionnaire regarding taste changes and 32 of them underwent serial tests of gustatory function, including electrogustometry and testing with filter paper disks placed over ...
Hoshino T - - 2001
The benzothiepin derivative (2R,4S)-(-)-N-(4-diethoxyphosphorylmethylphenyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrahydro-4-methyl-7,8-methylenedioxy-5-oxo-3-benzothiepin-2-carboxamide (TAK-778) is a potent bone formation stimulant. A sustained release formulation was prepared by encapsulating the drug into biodegradable microcapsules for local application to fracture repair in rats. The microcapsules consisted of TAK-778 (10% w/w) and a biodegradable polymer, copoly (d,l-lactic/glycolic acid), with a copolymer ratio ...
Thirunavukarasu P - - 2001
Maternal serum pools obtained from healthy women throughout normal pregnancy were fractionated by a combined immunoaffinity chromatography, preparative PAGE, and electroelution procedure. Inhibin A and the pro-alpha C region of the inhibin alpha-subunit were determined in the eluted fractions by specific ELISAs, and the profiles of immunoactivity characterized in terms ...
Honda Hiroshi - - 2002
Fetal DNA in maternal plasma and serum has been shown to be a useful material for fetal gender determination and for screening tests for abnormal pregnancies except during early gestational ages. Maternal serum samples were obtained from 81 pregnant women during the 5th-10th weeks of gestation. Fetal gender was determined ...
Dahan M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that magnesium can be used to reduce serum calcium levels seen with hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy, thus reducing maternal and fetal risk. CASE: A young woman presented at 32 weeks' gestation with abdominal pain from pancreatitis caused by hyperparathyroidism from a parathyroid adenoma. She was started ...
Serin I S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to measure the circulating levels of androgens in the third trimester of pregnancy and six weeks after delivery and to discuss androgen contribution in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. METHODS: Twenty-two preeclamptic and 20 normotensive women completed this prospective study. Blood samples were drawn ...
Chabloz P - - 2001
We have investigated whether the levels of thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) were correlated with D-dimer levels during pregnancy and at delivery. From the 10th week of pregnancy to delivery, 519 samples from 144 women (mean age 29.3 +/- 5, range 19-43) were obtained. We confirm the gradual increase of D-dimer ...
Gücer F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor levels in patients with threatened abortion and compared the levels with normal and pathologic pregnancies. DESIGN: A prospective, nonrandomized, case-control study. SETTING: Academic research setting. PATIENT(S): Twenty-two patients with threatened abortion, 18 patients with pathologic pregnancies, 20 healthy pregnant ...
Fukutake T - - 2001
A 34-year-old previously healthy woman with no remarkable family history developed asymptomatic hyperCKemia at age 26. Over the next 6 years, hyperCKemia persisted (502-2562 IU/l; normal range<180). A muscle biopsy showed minimal nonspecific myopathy. Genetic analysis of blood and muscle samples showed no abnormality in the dystrophin gene. At age ...
Palan P R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We compared placental tissue, maternal serum, and umbilical cord venous blood levels of four dietary carotenoids (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lycopene, and canthaxanthin) in normal pregnant women and those with preeclampsia. METHODS: Levels of alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lycopene, and canthaxanthin were measured in placental tissue, maternal serum, and umbilical cord venous blood ...
Dadachova E - - 2001
The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro and in vivo performance of a 67Ga complex with cis,cis-1,3,5-triaminocyclohexane-N,N',N"-triacetic acid (tachta) as a potential ligand for use as a Ga(III) radiopharmaceutical for PET imaging. The radiolabeling procedure, electrophoretic properties, lipophilicity, acid stability, human serum stability and biodistribution in ...
Lam Y H - - 2001
Second-trimester serum inhibin-A is increasingly used as a fourth marker in addition to the triple test to screen for Down syndrome. We investigated whether fetal gender had an effect on serum inhibin-A concentration. A retrospective analysis was done on 316 normal pregnancies and 48 Down syndrome pregnancies in which maternal ...
Lauszus F F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Leptin is an important weight regulator and during pregnancy leptin is not only synthesized in adipose tissue but also in the placenta. AIM: To examine changes in serum leptin levels in women with type 1 diabetes mellitus during pregnancy and post delivery in relation to concomitant changes in maternal ...
Florio P - - 2001
Inhibin-related proteins are involved in the control of the feto-maternal communication required to maintain pregnancy. Human placenta, decidua, and fetal membranes are the major sites of production and secretion of activin A, inhibin A and inhibin B in maternal serum, amniotic fluid, and cord blood. The availability of suitable assays ...
Ledger W L - - 2001
Knowledge of the roles of inhibins and activins has progressed rapidly since the development of a specific and sensitive assay that can be used for measurements on human serum and amniotic fluid samples. There is a sound theoretical basis for the role of transforming growth factor-beta family members in inflammatory ...
Cruz Y P - - 2001
Marsupial pregnancy differs from that in eutherians in duration, placentation and hormonal profile so much so that maternal recognition of pregnancy may not occur in polyovular marsupials. However, a comparison of gravid and non-gravid uteri reveals differences indicative of histological and physiological adaptations to pregnancy. In the present study, the ...
Charlton W P - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a correlation existed between estradiol in pregnancy and laxity of the anterior cruciate ligament by measuring anterior tibial translation. All patients underwent measurement of anterior tibial translation using KT-1000 knee arthrometer testing and serum estradiol determination during the third trimester of ...
Haq A - - 2001
Early pregnancy factor (EPF) is a pregnancy protein, which is secreted into the maternal serum 12-16 hours after fertilization. It is thought to be an immunosuppressive molecule. EPF is detected in pregnant woman's serum by the rosette inhibition assay (RIA). In this study, EPF was purified from the pregnant woman's ...
Sarandakou A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of Mucin-like carcinoma-associated antigen (MCA) in monitoring pregnant patients with breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: Maternal serum (MS) and amniotic fluid (AF) antigen values were measured by an enzyme immunoassay in 30 pregnant women during the second trimester, in 28 during the third and in 26 ...
Johnson M A - - 2001
In pregnant women with low exposure to lead, high intakes of calcium (>2,000 mg/day) decreased the serum concentration of lead, which could potentially minimize fetal exposure to lead. This is twice the amount of calcium recommended for women during pregnancy and approaches the Upper Level for calcium of 2,500 mg/day. ...
Bon G G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of maternal serum CA125 and CA15-3 concentrations for discriminating pathological from normal pregnancies. METHODS: Serum samples from 120 women, in whom pregnancy outcome was pathological, i.e. spontaneous abortion, fetal death, intrauterine growth retardation, chromosomal and structural abnormalities, and (pre)eclampsia, were assessed for CA125 and CA15-3 ...
Zorina Veronika V. - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to measure alpha-2-macroglobulin-IgG (alpha(2)-MG-IgG), pregnancy zone protein-IgG (PZP-IgG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A-IgG (PAPP-A-IgG) complex concentrations in serum in comparison with total alpha(2)-MG, PZP and PAPP-A concentration, and to determine the possible role of such complexes. Serum samples were obtained from 20 healthy women, 30 ...
Yamini S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To characterize circulating carotenoid and tocopherol levels in Nepali women during pregnancy and post-partum and to determine the effects of beta-carotene and vitamin A supplementation on their concentration in serum. DESIGN: Randomized community supplementation trial. SETTING: The study was carried out from 1994 to 1997 in the Southern, rural ...
Dziechciowski M - - 2001
The previous studies on oxytocinase concentrated on its practical usability in monitoring advanced pregnancies, both normal and abnormal. However in early pregnancy the enzymatic values are within the norm for non-pregnant women and because of that they were not interesting for medicine, which makes use only of enzymatic values beyond ...
Shackleton C H - - 2001
Gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric (GC/MS) analysis of maternal urine and serum steroids from 13 pregnancies at 25% risk for Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) was undertaken. All patients were between 12 and 31 weeks' gestational age. From dehydrocholesterol/cholesterol ratios determined in amniotic fluid and chorionic villus cells, five patients were shown to carry ...
Laml T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether circulating levels of leptin differed between women with preeclampsia and women who had an uncomplicated pregnancy. METHODS: Maternal and umbilical venous plasma leptin concentrations obtained at delivery were compared in 36 pairs of women with either preeclampsia or normal pregnancy, matched 1:1 for prepregnancy body mass ...
Kondo M - - 2001
Plasma concentrations of inhibin A and inhibin B during pregnancy and early lactation in chimpanzees were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Plasma samples were taken from five pregnant chimpanzees at 6-9, 10, 20 and 25 weeks of pregnancy, and following parturition. Throughout pregnancy and the early postpartum period, circulating ...
Dalgliesh G L - - 2001
The objective of this study was to analyse the levels of inhibin-A and activin-A in maternal serum and placental tissue from Down's syndrome (DS) pregnancies. Inhibin-A and activin-A levels were determined by specific immunoassays and individual results were expressed as multiples of the control median (MoM) at the appropriate gestation. ...
Byun D - - 2001
Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) has been identified as the insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-dependent IGF-binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4) protease produced by human fibroblasts. Recently, we found that serum proteases induced during human pregnancy cleaved IGFBP-4 in both an IGF-II-dependent and an IGF-II-independent fashion. This study sought to determine whether PAPP-A is the ...
Choi J W - - 2001
To investigate the changes in erythropoiesis during pregnancy, 342 pregnant and postpartum women were examined for reticulocyte subpopulations, reticulocyte maturity index (RMI), and serum transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels. The reticulocyte subpopulations were analyzed by flow cytometry, and the sTfR concentration was measured by an immunoenzymometric method. There were no significant ...
Shaarawy M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The emerging role of transforming growth factor beta in hypertension, kidney disease, and trophoblast differentiation promoted our interest in evaluating the clinical value of assaying maternal serum TGF-beta2 levels in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and eclampsia. We wished to determine these levels in relation to the severity of the ...
Vihma V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Lipophilic estradiol derivatives carried by lipoprotein particles in blood may mediate antioxidant or endocrine effects. We developed a new quantitative method to determine the concentration of circulating lipophilic estradiol fatty acid esters in human early- and late-pregnancy serum and in ovarian follicular fluid. METHODS: After extraction from serum or ...
Vassiliadis S - - 2001
The levels of maternal immunostimulation (required throughout the gestation period) and immunosuppression (needed from the 8th week to labour), as assessed by the mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR), have been successfully correlated with the outcome of pregnancy. Our laboratory has recently reported that serum-soluble human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class I and ...
Nakamura Y - - 2001
Serum melatonin concentrations were studied in normal pregnant women and in women with several types of pathologic pregnancies, e.g., twins, preeclampsia or intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Blood samples were collected from the maternal antecubital vein at 14:00 hr (daytime) and 02:00 hr (nighttime) during pregnancy, and also from the umbilical ...
Debiève F - - 2001
In order to study the mechanisms leading to increased inhibin A and activin A in maternal serum with advancing gestation and increased inhibin A in Down's syndrome pregnancy, the mRNA expression level of inhibin and activin subunits was quantitatively studied in human placenta using Northern blot and semiquantitative RT-PCR analysis. ...
Dawson E B - - 2000
Numerous studies have suggested a significant role of selenium in the prevention of gynecological carcinoma. These were epidemiological and prospective in humans and therapeutic in laboratory animals. However, no studies have been reported regarding the normal serum selenium levels during pregnancy. The maternal total blood volume increases 30-50% during the ...
Goodwin K M - - 2000
Inhibin A levels are elevated in the second trimester of pregnancies affected with fetal Down syndrome, on average, two times the level in unaffected pregnancies. Inhibin A levels are also two times higher in twin than in singleton pregnancies. Prenatal serum screening using inhibin A levels as a second trimester ...
Verhaeghe J - - 2000
The respective contributions of pituitary and placental GH to circulating IGF-I in pregnant women have not been well established. We measured the serum concentrations of placental growth hormone (PGH) and IGF-I in a woman with pit-1 deficiency before, during and after pregnancy, resulting in the birth of a healthy child ...
Del Gobbo V - - 2000
PROBLEM: The present study examines the hypothesis that the elevated levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 and interleukin (IL)-10 would be protective for the fetus survival during pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). Moreover, we evaluate the IL-12 and IL-15 serum concentrations and their relationships with PIH. METHOD OF STUDY: Serum samples were ...
Treetampinich C - - 2000
To compare maternal serum inhibin A concentrations in early pregnancy with pregnancy outcomes and treatment protocols, serum samples were collected from 237 women undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer cycles. Samples were collected on day 16 after oocyte retrieval for beta human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) pregnancy testing and inhibin ...
Teppa R J - - 2000
We measured bound and free leptin levels in preeclamptic and matched normal pregnant and never-pregnant women to determine whether the free component of leptin is increased during pregnancy and further increased in preeclampsia. Two milliliters of serum was obtained from 18 normal and 18 preeclamptic patients matched by pre-pregnancy body ...
Tollin S R - - 2000
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) during pregnancy is well known to confer an increased risk of complications to both the mother and the fetus. However, the risks and optimal management of patients with mild, asymptomatic disease during pregnancy are much less clear. We observed a patient with mild, asymptomatic PHP who was ...
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