Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1063
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Todros Tullia - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: MIF is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in reproduction. Systemic activation of maternal inflammatory cell responses may play an important role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE). We hypothesized that MIF could be involved in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Concentration of immunoreactive MIF was assayed by enzyme-linked immunoassorbent assay (ELISA) in ...
Ayatollahi M - - 2005
An understanding of how the fetus escapes the maternal immune system may be relevant for the prevention of transplant rejection. There is evidence that the same immunosuppressive cytokines contribute to a successful pregnancy and transplant success. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional cytokine that exhibits potent immunoregulatory and ...
Yildiz Atilla - - 2005
This study was performed to investigate calcium (Ca), inorganic phosphorus (P), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), and chlorine (Cl) levels in blood serum at d 60, 100, and 150 of gestation and at d 45 after parturition and to find out the significance of differences for macromineral levels during these stages ...
Belo Luís - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the changes in serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and in the neutrophil activation state during normal human pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal study (n=23) was performed during the three trimesters of pregnancy; a group of non-pregnant women (n=24) was used as control. Total and differential leukocyte ...
Shibahara Hiroaki - - 2005
PROBLEM: Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) play important roles throughout various stages of pregnancy, including embryo implantation, trophoblastic invasion, placentation in early gestation, and cervical dilatation in later gestation, and feto-maternal membrane lysis. It would be beneficial if assessment of serum concentrations of MMP and TIMP ...
Yang Ming-Jie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the interrelationships between maternal serum leptin level and body mass index (BMI) at different gestational ages or during the whole pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 374 blood samples were obtained from 114 pregnant women when they visited the prenatal clinic for ...
Salamalekis Emanouel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE(S): To investigate if testosterone levels are higher in patients with preeclampsia compared to normotensive pregnant patients. STUDY DESIGN: The levels of serum total and free testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, androstenedione and sex hormone binding globulin were estimated in 28 patients during the third trimester of pregnancy with established preeclampsia and ...
Loh Jennifer A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of severe gestational hyperlipidemic pancreatitis successfully managed with minimal-lipid-containing parenteral nutrition (PN) followed by a minimal-fat diet, which resulted in delivery of a healthy full-term neonate. METHODS: We present the case of a young woman with gestational hyperlipidemic pancreatitis whose management included the use of ...
Soldin Offie P - - 2005
To establish normal, trimester-specific reference intervals for serum 17beta-estradiol, progesterone (P), 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, cortisol, 11-deoxycortisol, androstenedione, DHEA, and DHEAS, measured simultaneously using isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry. Sequential cohort study. Healthy women undergoing a normal pregnancy (age, 25-38 years; mean, 30 years) attending a prenatal well clinic at gestation weeks 12, ...
Boggess Kim A - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between maternal inflammation and first or second trimester pregnancy loss. A nested case-control analysis was performed among the cohort enrolled in the Oral Conditions and Pregnancy study. We compared maternal serum C-reactive protein concentration between women with a pregnancy loss ...
Falconer H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Serum CA-125 during the mid-follicular phase has been reported to be a clinically useful and reproducible marker in the diagnosis of advanced endometriosis in women. This study was undertaken to document the effect of the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and lymphocyte suppression on CA-125 levels in peritoneal fluid (PF) and ...
van der Weiden R M F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is involved in normal fecundity and systemic IL-10 changes during gestation might reflect an immunologic shift at the maternal-fetal interface. METHODS: Serum IL-10 levels were measured in the first and second trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy in 32 women. The low interassay coefficient of variation of the ...
Christiansen M - - 2005
Inhibin A is a maternal serum marker for fetal Down's syndrome (DS) in the second trimester. We examined whether inhibin A could be used early in the first trimester. Maternal serum concentrations of inhibin A were determined in 81 controls and 27 cases of fetal trisomy 21 in gestational week ...
Laigaard Jennie - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The secreted form of ADAM12 is a metalloprotease that may be involved in placental and fetal growth. We examined whether the concentration of ADAM12 in first-trimester maternal serum could be used as a marker for preeclampsia. METHODS: We developed a semiautomated, time-resolved, immunofluorometric assay for the quantification of ADAM12 ...
Barth A - - 2005
Oestrogens produce cholestasis by inhibition of bile acid (BA) transport as well as by inhibition of BA synthesis in the liver. The present work was done to clarify the relevance of altered serum BA profile in 28 healthy pregnant women from the 15th to the 40th weeks of pregnancy with ...
Wolf Myles - - 2005
Preeclampsia is far more common in women's first pregnancy but the mechanism of this association is unknown. Altered angiogenesis, marked by increased levels of circulating soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase (sFlt-1), an inhibitor of placental growth factor (PlGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. ...
Prakash Alka - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To look at the role of inhibin and activin in predicting pregnancy outcome in patients with history of recurrent miscarriage. DESIGN: Observational clinical study. SETTING: Recurrent miscarriage clinic of a tertiary care teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Patients with history of recurrent miscarriage. INTERVENTION(S): Serial serum inhibin A and activin A ...
Takser L - - 2005
Lead (Pb) is a well-known poison interfering with calcium homeostasis and dopaminergic pathway. We hypothesized that environmental Pb exposure can interact with prolactin (PRL) secretion, regulated by calcium and dopamine, during pregnancy and in fetus. The objective of this longitudinal study was to determine the relationships between blood Pb concentration ...
Akbari Ayub - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of Cystatin-C (Cys-C) and beta trace protein (BTP) as clinical markers of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in pregnant women. DESIGN: Prospective cross sectional study. SETTING: Obstetric unit of a tertiary care hospital. POPULATION: One hundred and thirty-seven normal pregnant women and 13 women postpartum. METHODS: ...
Sachan Alok - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in India, a finding that is unexpected in a tropical country with abundant sunshine. Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy has important implications for the newborn and infant. There are few data from India about the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in pregnancy and in the ...
Kumru Selahattin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of healthy pregnancy on peripheral blood T-cell subpopulations and serum T helper type 1 and 2 cytokines and transforming growth factor-beta1 concentrations. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty healthy, pregnant women (study group, mean+/-SD: 13+/-1.6 weeks of gestation) and 30 age-matched women with regular menstrual cycles (control group) ...
Wisser Josef - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The impact of pregnancy on maternal bone density remains unclear. As a prerequisite to investigate the pathophysiology of gestational bone metabolism, we sought to document the changes in bone metabolism biochemistry in conjunction with those in selective trabecular/cortical osteodensitometry between early and late pregnancy. METHODS: A prospective, controlled study ...
Green Jonathan A - - 2005
The pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) are a large gene family expressed in trophoblast cells of ruminant ungulates. The detection of PAGs (more specifically, PAG-1) in maternal serum has served as the basis for pregnancy detection in cattle. Unfortunately, PAG-1 and/or antigenically-related PAGs exhibit a long half-life in maternal serum (>8 d) ...
Lambert-Messerlian Geralyn - - 2005
We present second-trimester serum marker levels in cases of twin pregnancy with complete hydatidiform mole and a coexistent fetus (CHMCF). Second-trimester inhibin A (InhA) levels have not been previously reported in such cases. Second-trimester maternal serum screening, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), unconjugated estriol (uE3), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and InhA measurements combined ...
Huang Xiadi - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a proinflammatory cytokine with pleiotrophic qualities and its roles in pregnancy, labor onset and pregnant complications have been proposed. However, the alterations of serum and placental IL-18 have been less investigated. The objective of the current investigation was to detect IL-18 concentrations in serum and placentas ...
Gojnic M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: [corrected] Pregnant woman with fetal tachycardia have a risk of chorioamnionitis as cause of tachycardia. Different studies have supported or refuted the use of C-reactive protein (CRP) to diagnose chorioamnionitis. The goal of this study was to evaluate serial serum CRP levels for diagnosis of chorioamnionitis. METHODS: The study ...
Uzun H - - 2005
Preeclampsia is one of the most frequent complications of pregnancy, however, little is known about its etiology. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and paraoxonase (PON1) activity in women with either preeclampsia or normotensive (NT) pregnancy. The study groups included 41 ...
Laigaard Jennie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: ADAM12-S is a pregnancy-associated insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and IGFBP-5 protease present in human gestational serum. Recently, maternal serum levels of ADAM12-S were found to be markedly reduced during the first trimester of pregnancies with a Down syndrome (DS) fetus. On the basis of this finding, it ...
Osada Hisao - - 2005
Bone turnover in pregnant women with McCune-Albright syndrome may be affected by both the syndrome and pregnancy. This study evaluated changes in biochemical bone turnover markers in pregnant women with the syndrome. Serum calcium, phosphorus, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25-(OH)2D), intact osteocalcin (I-OC) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and urinary pyridinoline (Pyr), deoxypyridinoline ...
Bertran Núria - - 2005
C-Reactive protein has been associated with several complications of pregnancy. The aims of the present study were: (1) to evaluate a turbidimetric immunoassay for the measurement of C-reactive protein; and (2) to investigate the chronological changes of the levels of this protein from preconception throughout normal pregnancy and its relationship ...
Xiang Wenpei - - 2005
The expression of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) in placental tissue of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and the relationship between the level of expression of TGF-beta1 and the amount of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in serum was studied. Immunohistochemistry ABC was used to detect the expression and distribution of TGF-beta1 in ...
Kiran Gurkan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare the levels in fetal and maternal compartments of cancer antigen (CA) 125, CA 15-3, carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9, and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and to determine the effects of fetal sex, parity, and fetal weight on umbilical cord (UC) and maternal serum ...
Risch Lorenz - - 2005
BACKGROUND: beta-Trace protein (Btp) has been proposed as a valuable marker of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage overcoming the drawbacks of beta-2-transferrin (B-2Tr) determination. However, there is still controversy about the appropriate cut-offs to be used (range 0.35-6 mg/L). The aim of the study was to evaluate cut-offs of Btp determination ...
Babay Z - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A simple, endogenous, accurate and minimally invasive marker of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is much desired in clinical nephrology. Cystatin C fulfills all criteria to be a marker for GFR. For early detection of renal impairment in pregnant women, it is necessary to determine serum cystatin C reference values ...
Luisi Stefano - - 2005
A great deal of new information has arisen in the recent years concerning inhibin physiology and clinical relevance in reproductive medicine. It is now recognized that the two inhibin isoforms, named inhibin A and inhibin B, are produced by the gonads in the course of gamete maturation and in women ...
Sugawara Junichi - - 2005
The precise molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate maternal vascular development during gestation are largely unknown. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which play an important role in vascular homeostasis, have been discovered in the circulation. We examined the level of circulating EPCs throughout uncomplicated pregnancies (n = 20) and assessed the ...
Chan C-C - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pregnancy and the postpartum period are associated with the activity of autoimmune diseases including uveitis. Although the exact mechanism is unknown, hormones are reported to alter inflammatory cytokines and influence disease activity. The authors studied ocular inflammation, female hormones, and serum cytokine levels during and after pregnancy. METHODS: A ...
Belo Luís - - 2004
The aim of our work was to evaluate changes in levels of oxidised low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) during pregnancy and how they correlate with changes in LDL size and serum total antioxidant status (TAS). LDL peak and mean particle diameter (LDL-PPD and LDL-MPD, respectively) and the relative proportion of 3 LDL ...
Lambert-Messerlian Geralyn M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the levels of placenta growth factor (PlGF) in second-trimester maternal serum samples from pregnancies affected with fetal Down syndrome and from those that developed preeclampsia and to assess the utility of PlGF as a screening tool for these conditions. METHODS: Residual second-trimester maternal serum samples were retrieved ...
Sarandöl Emre - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Lipoprotein oxidation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia and paraoxonase, an antioxidant enzyme shown to protect lipoproteins from being oxidized. The aim of the present study was to evaluate oxidizability of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins and serum paraoxonase/arylesterase activities in preeclampsia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-one women with mild ...
Florio P - - 2004
Human placenta, decidua, and fetal membranes are the major sites of production and secretion of inhibin A and activin A in maternal serum, amniotic fluid, and umbilical cord blood. These tissues also express follistatin-related gene and betaglycan, the binding proteins of activin A and inhibin A, respectively, recently identified. They ...
Lambert-Messerlian G M - - 2004
To date, the only routine clinical application of inhibin or activin measurement in testing for fetal abnormalities has been the use of inhibin A in prenatal screening for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome). Second trimester maternal serum levels of inhibin A are, on average, two-fold higher in Down syndrome than in ...
Muttukrishna S - - 2004
Maternal circulating levels of inhibin A are significantly lower in patients with clinical symptoms of miscarriage. The objective of this study was to quantify relative expression of inhibin alpha, inhibin/activin betaA, betaB, betaC, follistatin, activin receptors and beta-glycan genes and content of inhibin A, activin A and follistatin protein in ...
Tong Stephen - - 2004
In early pregnancy, serum levels of the luteal-derived hormone pro-alphaC inhibin peak by the second week after conception. Whether this early rise is biologically important and a consistent feature of only successful pregnancy is unknown. We undertook a prospective cross-sectional study to determine whether serum pro-alphaC inhibin levels at d ...
Tagawa Noriko - - 2004
Since it is known that androstenediol (ADIOL) has potent immunoregulatory effects, changes in ADIOL levels during and after pregnancy might affect the maternal immune system. We examined serum concentrations of ADIOL and androstenediol 3-sulfate (ADIOLS) together with IFN-gamma and IL-4 production levels during pregnancy and after delivery up to 10-11 ...
Muttukrishna Shanthi - - 2004
Inhibins are glycoprotein hormones of which there are two molecular forms, inhibin A and inhibin B. Classically, inhibin is known to have a negative feedback effect on pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone secretion. The fetoplacental unit produces inhibin throughout pregnancy. Inhibin A is the predominant molecular form of inhibin in maternal circulation ...
Fasouliotis Sozos J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) 11 days after a day-3 embryo transfer were predictive of outcome, in women with normal intrauterine pregnancy (IUP), first-trimester miscarriage (SAB), biochemical (BC), and ectopic pregnancy (EP) after IVF therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: University hospital IVF unit. ...
Drummond Ann E - - 2004
The physiology of inhibin has been investigated using rodent and ruminant animal models in both in vitro and in vivo studies. Inhibin was originally defined as a substance that causes selective suppression of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) secretion by pituitary gonadotropes. Although this definition is still valid, it fails to encompass ...
Burger O - - 2004
Placental tissue protein 13 (PP-13), one of the 56 known placental proteins identified till today, was purified from placentas obtained from women at delivery, and used to evoke antibodies against it. The purified PP-13 was lysed to peptides, which were sequenced, leading to the full-length cDNA sequencing and its expression ...
Kondo E - - 2004
Adiponectin, a fat-derived factor, is downregulated in insulin resistance and obesity; insulin resistance has been demonstrated during late pregnancy in both humans and in rodents. The present study examines the physiological change of adiponectin gene expression as well as the circulating levels of adiponectin during pregnancy. We examined the relative ...
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