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Haliloglu Berna - - 2010
There have been conflicting data about the role of increased levels of homocysteine (Hcy) on haemostatic system. We aim to investigate prospectively the relation between serum Hcy levels and changes in haemostatic system in pregnancy and postpartum period. Sixty-eight healthy pregnant women were included in the study. Blood samples were ...
Mansourian Azad R - - 2010
This literature review was conducted to summarize the main points of maternal thyroid function tests, with particular attention in the first trimester of pregnancy which accompanied with significant biochemical and metabolic alteration. The evaluation of thyroid function of either hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism should be assessed by determination of serum Thyroid ...
Hossein-Nezhad Arash - - 2011
The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between maternal and fetal bone turnover markers and folic acid supplementation during pregnancy. In an observational study performed in Tehran University of Medical Sciences related hospitals, 113 healthy pregnant women with gestational age between 8 and 12 weeks and aged between ...
Husain F - - 2010
The present study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh during the period of July 2006 to June 2007 to evaluate the effect of pregnancy on serum LDL-cholesterol. The serum concentrations of LDL-cholesterol was measured in 100cases during their 2nd and 3rd trimester of ...
Anckaert Ellen - - 2010
Serum free thyroxine (FT4) testing in pregnancy is known to be challenging for immunoassays (IAs). We verified the reliability of FT4 results by 3 commercial IAs throughout pregnancy, by comparison of the pattern to that obtained with an equilibrium dialysis isotope dilution-mass spectrometry (ED ID-MS) candidate reference measurement procedure. Pregnant ...
Vural Mehmet - - 2011
To compare the maternal serum and placental tissue levels of prolidase enzyme activity in women with early pregnancy loss (EPL) with those of women who underwent elective dilatation and curettage (D&C). Serum and placental tissue samples from 52 women with early pregnancy loss (study group) and 49 women who underwent ...
Fuglsang Jens - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the levels of adiponectin and its subforms before and immediately after delivery to estimate the effect of cessating advanced pregnancy on circulating adiponectin levels. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a cohort of 37 women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies and 6 women with twin pregnancies, serum adiponectin was measured ...
Li Hang Wun Raymond - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference in maternal serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) level between Down syndrome pregnancies and unaffected pregnancies, and to evaluate its performance as a screening marker for Down syndrome pregnancy. METHOD: A total of 145 pregnancies affected by foetal Down syndrome and 290 unaffected controls matched with maternal ...
Akahori Yoichiro - - 2010
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) has been shown to decrease food intake in mouse models of obesity and to improve insulin sensitivity. It is well known that tight regulation of glucose metabolism is essential for successful gestational outcomes (e.g. fetal growth), and that abnormal insulin resistance is associated with preeclampsia (PE). ...
Schiettecatte J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Performance evaluation of Elecsys sFlt-1 and PlGF assays. DESIGN AND METHODS: Within-, between-run, total imprecision, functional sensitivity, inter-laboratory comparison, method comparison and lot-to-lot reproducibility were evaluated. RESULTS: Within- and between-run CVs were below 4% for sFlt-1 >60 and PlGF > 20 pg/mL. Total imprecision CVs were below 4.3%. Functional ...
Steinberg Guy - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine first- and second-trimester serum soluble Fas (sFas) and placental growth factor (PlGF) levels in idiopathic small-for-gestational-age (SGA) pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We measured sFas and PlGF levels in women who delivered SGA infants uncomplicated by preeclampsia and in control subjects. For sFas there were 34 cases ...
Bille Camilla C Division of epidemiology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark. - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine whether IgG and IgM autoantibodies to folate receptor alpha (FRalpha) in pregnant women are associated with an increased risk of oral cleft-affected offspring. A case-control study nested in the prospective Danish National Birth Cohort (100,418 pregnancies, enrolled during 1997-2003) was done. Hundred ...
Narchi H - - 2010
Prospective longitudinal study of vitamin D status and its risk factors in 75 pregnant women from early pregnancy until 6 months postpartum, by serial measurement of serum 25 (OH) vitamin D levels. The serum levels at booking were not significantly different between nationalities (p = 0.06), parity (p = 0.2), ...
Lurie Samuel - - 2011
The cause of striae gravidarum is still unclear. The study objective was to test the hypothesis that relaxin is involved in the process of striae gravidarum appearance during pregnancy. A prospective observational study in 32 pregnant women. Participants were observed at 12th, 24th and 36th gestational week. During each session, ...
Falbo Angela - - 2010
Given the high rate of pregnancy and perinatal complications recently observed in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the lack of data on the serum variations in androgens and insulin sensitivity indexes in pregnant women with PCOS, the current study was aimed to assess these changes and their potential ...
L?ken Mari Overn - - 2010
We assessed maternal serum levels of total immunoglobulin E (IgE) in the first, second and third trimester and changes in total IgE levels from first to third trimester in relation to offspring sex. Within a cohort of 29 948 pregnant women, 392 women without a history of pre-eclampsia and with ...
Matwejew E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate first-trimester ADAM-12 levels in pregnancies which later develop hypertensive and growth complications. METHODS: First-trimester serum samples (11(+0) to 13(+6) weeks) were retrieved from frozen storage. 47 samples with at least one of the following adverse outcomes: pre-eclampsia (PE), small for gestational age, HELLP syndrome and gestational hypertension ...
D'Anna Rosario - - 2010
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) was evaluated prospectively through normal pregnancy and pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia syndrome. Sixty women enrolled in the study were evaluated for serum NGAL levels at 9-11 weeks gestation, at 24-26 weeks gestation and at delivery. Thirty women were affected by preeclampsia and 30 women with uncomplicated ...
Ankers D - - 2010
A 26-year-old lady was seen in antenatal clinic. Her anomaly scan at 20 weeks showed significant fetal abdominal ascites and an enlarged echo bright right lung with cardiac displacement. These findings were consistent with recognised type III congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM). An induction of labour was undertaken at 32 ...
Anumba Dilly O C - - 2010
We have recently shown that serum relaxin-2 levels are attenuated in women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). We sought to determine whether a history of RPL is also associated with changes in serum matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteases (TIMP) -1 and -2. We ...
Kasper Ekkehard M - - 2010
Non-obstetric surgery for intracranial meningioma is uncommon during pregnancy and poses significant risks to both the mother and the fetus. We present a case of a parturient that presented with acute mental status changes and we illustrate the decision making process that resulted in a best-possible outcome. A woman at ...
Fowden A L AL Department of Physiology, Development & Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EG, UK. - - 2010
The pattern of intrauterine growth and size at birth, in particular, programmes the structure and function of tissues later in life in many species, which has important implications for the incidence of adult-onset generative diseases in human populations. In mammals, the main determinant of intrauterine growth is the placental supply ...
Gafsou Benjamin B CHRU Lille, Département d'anesthésie réanimation I, Maternité Jeanne de Flandre, - - 2010
To determine whether a biological marker of ischemia, ischemia-modified albumin (IMA), alone or normalized to albumin serum concentration, was modified during the course of pregnancy and so could be used for discrimination between normal pregnancy and preeclampsia. Serum IMA concentrations and IMA to serum albumin ratio (IMA/alb) were compared in ...
Saleh Sherif S Homerton University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2010
Cystatin C (CC) is a marker of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and is elevated in cases of established preeclampsia (PE). It also has widespread presence in extracellular space and high levels in PE might reflect placental ischemia. The aim of this study was to measure CC levels in the second ...
Hashimoto Kunihiko - - 2010
OBJECTIVE We have already reported that A1C is elevated because of iron deficiency in late pregnancy among nondiabetic pregnant women. This report examined whether the same phenomenon is observed in pregnant women with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This longitudinal study was conducted in 17 pregnant women with diabetes (20-35 ...
Lambert-Messerlian Geralyn M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine serum markers measured in the second trimester to identify women who subsequently develop preeclampsia. METHODS: Clinically defined preeclampsia was confirmed in 45 women who had provided a serum sample as part of Down syndrome screening. Preeclampsia was categorized as mild or severe, as well as early (<32 ...
Germanov? Anna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The receptor for advanced glycation end products, RAGE, has been implicated in pathogenesis of many diseases. Soluble RAGE, sRAGE, extracellular domain of RAGE, is new biomarker. The aim of the study was to determine sRAGE levels in physiological pregnancy and their changes in pregnancies complicated by preterm labor or ...
Al-Saleh Iman - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although p,p'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is banned for agricultural purpose in Saudi Arabia, it is occasionally used to control vector-borne diseases in certain regions of the country. MATERIAL/METHODS: A case-control study was designed to investigate the possible effects of DDT and its metabolites on pregnancy and fertilization rate outcome. The study ...
Molvarec Attila - - 2010
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are ubiquitous and phylogenetically conserved molecules. They are usually considered to be intracellular proteins with molecular chaperone and cytoprotective functions. However, Hsp70 (HSPA1A) is present in the peripheral circulation of healthy nonpregnant and pregnant individuals. In normal pregnancy, circulating Hsp70 levels are decreased, and show a ...
Perry Lee M LM Section of Allergy and Immunology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, 30912-3790, - - 2009
Pregnancy alters the function of many body systems, including the immune system. However, little is known regarding the effect of pregnancy on maternal IgE levels or atopy. To determine whether pregnancy consistently influences serum levels of total or allergen specific IgE. Blood samples were obtained from 764 women during the ...
Tamási Lilla - - 2010
Asthma is one of the most common diseases complicating pregnancy and represents a risk factor for several maternal and perinatal complications. The natural history of asthma is known to change in pregnancy, but very few data are available in the terms of pathomechanism of this change during gestation. Circulating heat ...
Yan Xiaolang - - 2009
During pregnancy, IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is completely proteolyzed to fragments with low affinities for IGFs but appears to transport IGFs normally in high-molecular-mass complexes. We previously reported that synthetic isolated amino- and carboxyl-terminal domains of IGFBP-3 cooperate to bind IGFs, and we investigated whether this is the mechanism whereby ...
Klebanoff Mark A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia, a disorder with prominent cardiovascular manifestations, is a cause of maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. Chocolate contains compounds that may promote cardiovascular health. A recent study found chocolate consumption during pregnancy, and, particularly, increasing cord serum concentration of theobromine (the primary methylxanthine alkaloid in chocolate), to ...
Akolekar Ranjit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In women with preeclampsia (PE), the serum concentration of the growth factor angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) is significantly lower than in unaffected controls. The objective of this study is to determine if the decrease in serum Ang-2 is evident from the first trimester of pregnancy before the clinical onset of PE. ...
V?h?miko Sanna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Overweight, characterized by low-degree systemic inflammation, predisposes women to impaired glucose metabolism during pregnancy. Adipokine leptin participates in the regulation of energy balance and immune action. AIMS OF THE STUDY: Objective of the study was to evaluate if aberrations in glucose metabolism during pregnancy are related to leptin concentration ...
Eriksson Britt - - 2010
Healthy human pregnancy is associated with changes in food intake, body fatness, energy expenditure and insulin resistance. However, available knowledge is limited regarding the physiological basis of these changes. Published evidence suggests that so-called adipokines (i.e. leptin, adiponectin and resistin) have significant roles when such changes are established. We explored, ...
Liu Jinhao - - 2010
Concentrations of various trace elements are altered during pregnancy with changes in the mother's physiology and the requirements of growing fetus. The aim of the present longitudinal study was to learn the changes of trace element copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg) of normal pregnant woman during ...
Marcos Josep - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To document the performance of second trimester maternal urine and serum steroid measurements for detecting fetal steroid sulfatase deficiency (STSD). METHODS: We studied detection rate and false positive rate (DR, FPR) of analytes in maternal urine [combinations of 16alpha-OH-dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (16alpha-OH-DHEAS), 11beta-hydroxyandrosterone, total estriol] and serum [combinations of 16alpha-OH-DHEAS, ...
Celik Handan - - 2009
In normal pregnancy, although maternal serum alkaline phosphatase increases and reaches the two-fold of non-pregnant serum level, above this level, hepatic, renal, osteal diseases and malignancies should be kept in mind. We report a case of 28-year-old pregnant woman with increased maternal serum level of alkaline phosphatase activity (17-fold) due ...
Neuteboom R F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Disease activity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is suppressed during pregnancy, whereas attack frequency increases after delivery. It is yet unclear, which immuno - endocrinological processes mediate these disease fluctuations. Leptin has been identified as a hormone that can influence inflammatory activity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study ...
Hameed Afshan Batool - - 2009
Normal levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) are not well established in pregnancy. We obtained longitudinal BNP levels in 29 healthy pregnant women in each trimester and postpartum period, and compared these levels to the 25 nonpregnant controls. There were no significant differences among the cases and controls with respect ...
Horjus Carmen - - 2009
The efficacy and safety of various modes of medical treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in pregnancy is largely unknown. This report describes two cases of PHPT in pregnancy that were temporarily treated with the calcimimetic cinacalcet. The first case was diagnosed in the 31st week of pregnancy. The patient was ...
Gumus Ilknur Inegol - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the glomerular hyperfiltration due to pregnancy in women with more parities. METHODS: Five hundred women aged 52.57 +/- 8.08 years, without a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus or complicated pregnancy were involved in the study. They were divided into three groups. Group 1: women with ...
Laskowska Marzena - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study was the comparative analysis of the sP-selectin in pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia with intrauterine normal growth and small-for-gestational-age foetus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 14 patients with preeclampsia complicated by intrauterine growth retardation (group PI) and 13 preeclamptic patients ...
Shangguan Xuejun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia, a pregnancy-specific complication occurring in the second half of human pregnancy and one of the leading causes for perinatal mortality and morbidity, is characterized by the onset of hypertension and proteinuria. We measured circulating adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (AFABP) and retinol binding protein-4 (RBP-4) in patients with ...
Hedley Paula - - 2009
Leptin is an adipocytokine that is also synthesized by the placenta. Leptin and its receptor, which is also expressed by the placenta, are believed to play an auto- and paracrine role in trophoblast invasion and placental development. The leptin concentration in first trimester maternal serum and its relation to fetal ...
Palm Maria - - 2009
This study investigates oxidative stress and antioxidants in normal human pregnancy and post-partum period. Thirty-seven healthy women with normal pregnancies were included. Both urinary and serum samples were collected throughout the pregnancy and post-partum period. Oxidative stress was estimated by measuring the reliable in vivo marker, namely 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (8-iso-PGF(2alpha,) ...
Tie Weiwei - - 2009
Adiponectin and its receptors, adiponectin receptor 1 (Adipo-R1) and adiponectin receptor 2 (Adipo-R2), may contribute to preeclampsia; however, the reports up to date are conflicting. Here we further explore this issue. We studied 20 pregnant women with term normal pregnancy, 22 women with severe preeclampsia, and 12 mild cases. The ...
Saarelainen Heli - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Traditional risk factors such as hyperlipidemia induce a state of inflammation that impairs vascular function. Despite marked maternal hyperlipidemia, endothelial function improves during pregnancy. In non-pregnant state increased circulating levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) lead to attenuated flow mediated vasodilation. Relation between endothelial function ...
Lohia Neha - - 2009
Serum alpha-tocopherol, retinol, and malondialdehyde concentrations were measured at 7(th) month of pregnancy in 122 women from low socio-economic background. Maternal anthropometric measurements, 24-hour nutrient intakes, and pregnancy outcome were recorded. One-third (34.3 %) of mothers had low birth weight babies and 10 % delivered preterm. Maternal diets were inadequate ...
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