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Chang Shiow-Ru - - 2011
Introduction.  Pregnancy affects women's sexual function. However, few reports have addressed this phenomenon. Aim.  To examine overall sexual function and three dimensions of the Taiwan version of the Female Sexual Function Index and to assess their determinants during the three trimesters of pregnancy. Methods.  Cross-sectional investigation of 663 pregnant women ...
Krause B J - - 2011
Nitric oxide (NO) is one of the most pleiotropic signaling molecules at systemic and cellular levels, participating in vascular tone regulation, cellular respiration, proliferation, apoptosis and gene expression. Indeed NO actively participates in trophoblast invasion, placental development and represents the main vasodilator in this tissue. Despite the large number of ...
Moran Mary - - 2011
The placenta is the vital support organ for the developing fetus. This article reviews current ultrasound (US) methods of assessing placental function. The ability of ultrasound to detect placental pathology is discussed. Doppler technology to investigate the fetal, placental, and maternal circulations in both high-risk and uncomplicated pregnancies is discussed ...
Scobell S K - - 2011
Few studies have examined the underlying hormonal mechanisms that mediate reproductive cyclicity, male pregnancy and reproductive behaviour in syngnathids. Progress in these areas has been hampered by the small size of most species in the family and a lack of validated techniques for assessing endocrine function. Research on a relatively ...
Kumbak Banu - - 2011
A 38-year-old woman presented, one year after bilateral tubal ligation, with vaginal bleeding, vomiting, and stupor. Ten days earlier, she had submitted to a dilatation and curettage for an unexpected intrauterine pregnancy. At the time of this presentation there was rebound tenderness and guarding on abdominal examination, and a 2.5 ...
Goswami Deepti - - 2011
Ovarian pregnancy accounts for less than 3% of all ectopic pregnancies. A 30-year-old who had undergone right tubal reanastomosis seven months prior presented with pain abdomen and spotting. Her last menstrual period was 30 days prior. Examination revealed stable vitals, tenderness and shifting dullness per abdomen, fullness in the pouch of ...
Huveneers C - - 2011
The present study used wobbegong sharks (genus Orectolobus) to assess the threshold value proposed by previous research to categorize strict lecithotrophic from incipient histotrophic species. Totals of 236 and 135 ornate wobbegong Orectolobus ornatus and spotted wobbegong Orectolobus maculatus, respectively, were collected from the New South Wales commercial fishery between ...
Biering Karin - - 2011
Objective. To investigate the association between pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity and pregnancy-related pelvic pain. Design. Nested case-control study. Setting and population. The Danish National Birth Cohort, a cohort of pregnant women and their children recruited 1996-2002. Methods. The women were interviewed twice during pregnancy and twice after childbirth. The first pregnancy interview ...
Jiang Tao - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a very rare and dangerous form of pregnancy because of the increased risk of rupture and excessive hemorrhage. There is currently no consensus on the treatment. We studied if methotrexate (MTX) therapy followed by suction curettage followed by Foley tamponade was a viable treatment ...
Martínez-Varea Alicia - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the exceptional condition of retroperitoneal ectopic pregnancy after intrauterine insemination. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 37-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 1, presented to the emergency department 1 month after intrauterine insemination complaining of lower abdominal pain. INTERVENTION(S): A transvaginal ultrasound assessment revealed a complex ...
Serkies Krystyna - - 2011
The safety of chemotherapy during pregnancy is debatable. We present a case of advanced ovarian cancer, diagnosed at week 28 of gestational age, treated with 2 cycles of paclitaxel/cisplatin (TC) chemotherapy during pregnancy, with no serious toxicity. At week 34, the patient underwent a caesarean section and delivered a healthy ...
Wang Yeou-Lih - - 2011
Placenta increta is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication of pregnancy. The initial symptoms are generally vaginal bleeding during difficult placental removal in the third trimester. However, placenta increta may complicate first- and early second-trimester pregnancy loss. The diagnosis may be difficult during early pregnancy because the lesion is difficult ...
Chandler-Laney Paula C - - 2011
Intrauterine exposure to high maternal glucose is associated with excess weight gain during childhood, but it is not clear whether the excess weight represents increased fat or lean mass. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between maternal glucose concentrations during pregnancy and offspring body composition. A ...
Koo Yu-Jin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinicopathologic outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for adnexal masses during pregnancy. METHODS: In a retrospective study, the medical records of 88 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for adnexal masses during pregnancy between 2000 and 2009 were reviewed. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 30.1years ...
Ahmadi Seyed Ali - - 2011
Tubercle bacilli infect about one third of the world's population and over the past decade resurgence of tuberculosis has been a major health threat mainly due to increasing frequencies of immunosuppressive states and drug-resistant organisms. Although tuberculosis is essentially a lung disease, intracranial elements become involved in 5-10% of cases ...
Al-Shraim Mubarak M - - 2011
Blue nevi that arise from the Müllerian tract are rare melanocytic lesions. Several histopathologic variants of cellular blue nevi have been described. The angiomatoid variant is characterized by a vascular component, and is considered to be a rare variant. Few studies have explored the influence of pregnancy on melanocytic lesions. ...
Dasari Papa - - 2011
A 35-year-old para 1, whose child birth was 5 years ago, was on barrier contraception and safe period. She was diagnosed to have a small submucosal posterior wall fibroid when she planned for her second child now. She conceived spontaneously during the next cycle after consultation. Her first trimester ultrasonography ...
Hronek Miloslav - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: There is conflicting evidence as to whether anthropometric parameters are related to resting energy expenditure (REE) during pregnancy. The aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to precisely assess a major anthropometric determinant of REE for pregnant and non-pregnant women with verification of its use as a possible predictor. ...
Lewis David F - - 2010
To evaluate whether impaired endothelial function and endothelial inflammatory response occur in parallel in the women with preeclampsia. Venous blood was drawn from normal (n=40) and severe preeclamptic (sPE) (n=40) pregnant women when they were admitted to the L&D Unit and 24 hrs after delivery. Plasma and serum samples were ...
Ozat Mustafa - - 2011
The present prospective study aims to investigate the serum concentrations of CA-125 in normal and preeclamptic pregnancies and thus to specify the clinical utility of this biochemical marker in prediction, diagnosis and follow up of preeclampsia. The present study reviews a total of 242 women with singleton pregnancy. These participants ...
Wang Jeff G - - 2010
The conflicting results from studies on the predictive capabilities of serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) for IVF pregnancy outcomes may be attributed to small sample sizes and disparities in the age of the study populations. The relationship between AMH and IVF pregnancy outcomes was clarified with retrospective cross-tabulation analyses (n=1558) stratified ...
Hopoate-Sitake Moana L - - 2011
Introduction: Mechanisms mediating preeclampsia (PE) are unclear. Endogenous digitalis-like factors (EDLFs) are sodium pump (SP) inhibitors implicated in essential hypertension, but not fully explored in PE. This study asks whether EDLFs are present and increased in PE and considers their source. Methods: EDLF in sera and placentas from third trimester ...
Seong Won Joon - - 2010
To evaluate the usefulness of serum albumin level as a marker of severity in pregnancy-related hypertension. Of 454 patients with pregnancy-related hypertension who were admitted to Kyungpook National University Hospital between May 1999 and April 2008, the medical records and laboratory tests of 354 patients who met the inclusion criteria ...
Shiraishi Mie - - 2010
Folate is a vital nutrient during pregnancy for the prevention of neural tube defects, intrauterine fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia. Circulating folate levels might be negatively affected by ()-epigallocatechin gallate, which is a tea catechin found in green tea and oolong tea. The aim of this study was to determine ...
Sun Xiao-guang - - 2010
To explore the effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in treating patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA) and the effect of IVIG on the level of soluble human leucocyte antigen G (sHLA-G). This prospective trial conducted at PUMC Hospital between 2004 and 2008 included 60 women with URSA. The patients ...
Kalkunte Satyan - - 2010
Early diagnosis and treatment of preeclampsia would significantly reduce maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. However, its etiology and prediction have remained elusive. Based on the hypothesis that sera from patients with preeclampsia could function as a "blueprint" of causative factors, we describe a serum-based pregnancy-specific mouse model that closely ...
Hansen Solrunn - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate changes in the levels of common organochlorines (OCs) and lipids in maternal serum during and after pregnancy. A subset of 50 pregnant women from the North Norwegian Mother-and-Child Study was included in this study. Blood samples were collected during the 2(nd) trimester ...
Mokhtari Mojgan - - 2011
There is conflicting data regarding leptin in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The aim of the present study was to compare serum leptin levels between individuals with GDM and normal pregnancy. This case-control study was performed on 26 GDM and 22 healthy pregnant women. Leptin concentrations were measured using an enzyme ...
Dorota Darmochwal-Kolarz - - 2012
Background. The purpose of our study was to investigate the concentrations of markers of bone turnover in normal pregnancy and preeclampsia. Material and Methods. Forty-five pregnant patients with preeclampsia, 78 healthy pregnant women (26 in first, 26 in the second, and 26 in third trimester of pregnancy), and 20 nonpregnant ...
Sifakis Stavros - - 2011
Human placental growth hormone (hPGH) is produced by human placenta and plays a central role in the maternal metabolic adjustments to pregnancy. The objective of this study was to investigate the maternal serum concentration of hPGH at 11-13 weeks of gestation in pregnancies that subsequently developed preeclampsia (PE), and to ...
Shamim Muhammad - - 2010
Ovarian dysgerminoma is a rare malignancy of the ovary. This is a case report of a 30-year-old female, presenting with a huge ovarian mass along with multiple gallstones; she was treated by fertility-sparing excision of the mass and cholecystectomy, followed by chemotherapy. She later had an uneventful pregnancy and delivered ...
Tskitishvili Ekaterine - - 2010
we aimed to investigate the expression of the tumor-associated RCAS1 protein in maternal blood of uncomplicated pregnancies. maternal blood was obtained from women with uncomplicated pregnancies (N = 43) at 11-13, 20-22, 32-34, 37-38 weeks of gestation, and immediately after delivery. Serum RCAS1 concentration was studied by ELISA, and plasma ...
Brummelte Susanne - - 2010
Early influences such as maternal stress affect the developmental outcome of the offspring. We created an animal model of postpartum depression/stress based on giving high levels of corticosterone (CORT) to the rat dam, which resulted in behavioral and neural changes in the offspring. This study investigated whether highly elevated levels ...
Masarie Kaitlin - - 2010
Pregnancy luteomas are rare, benign, neoplasms of the ovary thought to be caused by the hormonal effects of pregnancy. They are usually asymptomatic and found incidentally during imaging or surgery. However, they may present with virilization of the mother or infant or cause complications due to a mass effect or ...
Tara Fatemeh - - 2010
We assessed the impact of selenium, a trace element with antioxidant properties on a simple measure of oxidative stress in pregnant women. A novel assay of prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) was applied in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of selenium supplementation in pregnancy. We measured the prooxidant burden and the antioxidant capacity ...
Vora Neeta L - - 2010
To assess the relationship between first- and second-trimester cell-free DNA levels and maternal serum screening markers. First- and second-trimester residual maternal serum samples from 50 women were obtained. First-trimester (pregnancy-associated plasma protein A and beta-hCG) and second-trimester serum analytes (beta-hCG, alpha-fetoprotein, unconjugated estriol, and inhibin A) had been measured at ...
Rezende Vania B - - 2010
Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to toxic effects associated with lead (Pb) exposure. Pb accumulates in bone tissue and is rapidly mobilized from bones during pregnancy, thus resulting in fetal contamination. While vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms modify bone mineralization and affect Pb biomarkers including blood (Pb-B) and serum (Pb-S) ...
Zhao Wenqiu - - 2010
Preeclampsia is characterized by systemic maternal endothelial dysfunction that precedes the onset of clinical symptoms. Antiangiogenic factors are associated with preeclampsia. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between the levels of three antiangiogenic factors in preeclamptic pregnancies with/without fetal growth restriction (FGR), and to compare their ...
Haliloglu Berna - - 2010
There have been conflicting data about the role of increased levels of homocysteine (Hcy) on haemostatic system. We aim to investigate prospectively the relation between serum Hcy levels and changes in haemostatic system in pregnancy and postpartum period. Sixty-eight healthy pregnant women were included in the study. Blood samples were ...
Mansourian Azad R - - 2010
This literature review was conducted to summarize the main points of maternal thyroid function tests, with particular attention in the first trimester of pregnancy which accompanied with significant biochemical and metabolic alteration. The evaluation of thyroid function of either hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism should be assessed by determination of serum Thyroid ...
Hossein-Nezhad Arash - - 2011
The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between maternal and fetal bone turnover markers and folic acid supplementation during pregnancy. In an observational study performed in Tehran University of Medical Sciences related hospitals, 113 healthy pregnant women with gestational age between 8 and 12 weeks and aged between ...
Husain F - - 2010
The present study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh during the period of July 2006 to June 2007 to evaluate the effect of pregnancy on serum LDL-cholesterol. The serum concentrations of LDL-cholesterol was measured in 100cases during their 2nd and 3rd trimester of ...
Anckaert Ellen - - 2010
Serum free thyroxine (FT4) testing in pregnancy is known to be challenging for immunoassays (IAs). We verified the reliability of FT4 results by 3 commercial IAs throughout pregnancy, by comparison of the pattern to that obtained with an equilibrium dialysis isotope dilution-mass spectrometry (ED ID-MS) candidate reference measurement procedure. Pregnant ...
Vural Mehmet - - 2011
To compare the maternal serum and placental tissue levels of prolidase enzyme activity in women with early pregnancy loss (EPL) with those of women who underwent elective dilatation and curettage (D&C). Serum and placental tissue samples from 52 women with early pregnancy loss (study group) and 49 women who underwent ...
Fuglsang Jens - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the levels of adiponectin and its subforms before and immediately after delivery to estimate the effect of cessating advanced pregnancy on circulating adiponectin levels. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a cohort of 37 women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies and 6 women with twin pregnancies, serum adiponectin was measured ...
Li Hang Wun Raymond - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference in maternal serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) level between Down syndrome pregnancies and unaffected pregnancies, and to evaluate its performance as a screening marker for Down syndrome pregnancy. METHOD: A total of 145 pregnancies affected by foetal Down syndrome and 290 unaffected controls matched with maternal ...
Akahori Yoichiro - - 2010
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) has been shown to decrease food intake in mouse models of obesity and to improve insulin sensitivity. It is well known that tight regulation of glucose metabolism is essential for successful gestational outcomes (e.g. fetal growth), and that abnormal insulin resistance is associated with preeclampsia (PE). ...
Schiettecatte J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Performance evaluation of Elecsys sFlt-1 and PlGF assays. DESIGN AND METHODS: Within-, between-run, total imprecision, functional sensitivity, inter-laboratory comparison, method comparison and lot-to-lot reproducibility were evaluated. RESULTS: Within- and between-run CVs were below 4% for sFlt-1 >60 and PlGF > 20 pg/mL. Total imprecision CVs were below 4.3%. Functional ...
Steinberg Guy - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine first- and second-trimester serum soluble Fas (sFas) and placental growth factor (PlGF) levels in idiopathic small-for-gestational-age (SGA) pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We measured sFas and PlGF levels in women who delivered SGA infants uncomplicated by preeclampsia and in control subjects. For sFas there were 34 cases ...
Bille Camilla - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine whether IgG and IgM autoantibodies to folate receptor alpha (FRalpha) in pregnant women are associated with an increased risk of oral cleft-affected offspring. A case-control study nested in the prospective Danish National Birth Cohort (100,418 pregnancies, enrolled during 1997-2003) was done. Hundred ...
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