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Results 401 - 450 of 2321
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Silva Maria José Penna Maisonnette de Attayde - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of Chlamydia trachomatis infection during pregnancy on perinatal morbidity and mortality. Systematic review and meta-analysis in an electronic database and manual, combining high sensitivity specific descriptors seeking to answer the research objective. The articles considered to be of high methodological quality (score above 6 on the ...
Ghabach M B - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of antenatal weight gain on baseline heart rate variability and incidence of hypotension in singleton parturients with a normal pre-pregnancy body mass index, presenting at term for elective caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia. Sixty-six parturients, of ASA physical status 1-2, ...
Dwinnell Shannon J - - 2011
Alpha thalassemia with the absence of 4 α-globin genes leads to fetal hydrops and fetal death from anemia. Historically considered a lethal condition, optimal in utero management of homozygous α-thalassemia is unclear. A fetus of Filipino descent at 26 weeks gestation presented with ultrasound evidence of anemia. Cordocentesis confirmed anemia ...
Oh H J - - 2011
Aims: In patients with immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy, postnatal renal outcomes vary depending on kidney function and proteinuria. However, whether a decrease in proteinuria prior to conception improves postnatal maternal renal outcomes is unknown. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective study. A total of 52 pregnant women with biopsy-proven IgA ...
Reitman E - - 2011
Surgery during pregnancy is complicated by the need to balance the requirements of two patients. Under usual circumstances, surgery is only conducted during pregnancy when it is absolutely necessary for the wellbeing of the mother, fetus, or both. Even so, the outcome is generally favourable for both the mother and ...
Bungum Mona - - 2012
Infertility affects 15% of all couples. Although male infertility factors with reduced semen quality are contributing to about half of all involuntary childlessness, the value of standard semen parameters in prediction of fertility in vivo and choice of proper method for assisted reproduction is limited. In the search for better ...
Rivera Caroline - - 2011
The objective is to report the case of a 36 year-old female with a primary mediastinal germ cell tumor mimicking an ectopic pregnancy. The patient under birth control pill presented, at seven weeks of amenorrhea, a β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) level of 850 UI and uterine vacuity with left lateral ...
Frass Kaima A - - 2011
To compare the maternal and fetal outcome of 2 different methods of delivering the baby during cesarian section when the fetal head is deeply engaged. A prospective case control study was carried out in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Al-Thawra General Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen from January to December 2010. A ...
Thaithae Suparp - - 2011
To determine whether, when controlling for confounding factors, there was still an association of adolescence with adverse outcomes. Retrospective case control study. Seven Bangkok Metropolitan Administration General Hospitals. Charts of all women aged 19 and younger (n = 1,354) having singleton live births in 2004, 2005, and 2006 were retrieved. ...
Nørgård Bente Mertz - - 2011
The clinical epidemiological studies included in this thesis fall into three parts. The first part includes studies on birth outcome in women with ulcerative colitis. The second part includes pharmacoepidemiological studies on birth outcome after anti-inflammatory drug therapy in pregnancy, including patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The third ...
Duncan Alessandra - - 2011
Objective: To summarize for obstetrical care providers the current literature on array genomic hybridization in prenatal diagnosis and to outline the recommendations of the Canadian College of Medical Geneticists regarding the use of this new technology with respect to prenatal diagnosis. Evidence: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles published ...
Heidari Mohammad Hassan - - 2011
Non-invasive methods are normally preferred to conventional invasive methods when selecting suitable embryos to improve pregnancy rates after assisted reproduction techniques. One of the most recognized non-invasive methods is to examine the supernatants of embryo culture media. Soluble human leukocyte antigen, class I, G (sHLA-G) antigen is a non-classical class ...
Kiely Michele M Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD/NIH/HHS, 6100 Executive Blvd, Rockville, MD 20852-7510, USA. - - 2011
This study investigates the relationship between adverse pregnancy outcomes in high-risk African American women in Washington, DC and sociodemographic risk factors, behavioral risk factors, and the most common and interrelated medical conditions occurring during pregnancy: diabetes, hypertension, preeclampsia, and Body Mass Index (BMI). Data are from a randomized controlled trial ...
Pollott G E - - 2011
The calving intervals of Holstein cows in many countries have been increasing in length over recent years. Many reports of lactation characteristics refer only to a standard 305-d lactation. This paper attempts to describe the characteristics of lactations of different lengths using a large database of nationally recorded data. Three ...
Valenzuela Francisco J - - 2012
Preeclampsia (PE) is one of the main causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality in the world, causing nearly 40% of births delivered before 35 weeks of gestation. PE begins with inadequate trophoblast invasion early in pregnancy, which produces an increase in oxidative stress contributing to the development of ...
Mai Hua-Ming - - 2011
Infantile hemangioma(IH) is one of the most common benign tumors in infants characterized by occurrence within a few weeks after birth, rapid growth during the first year and spontaneous involution over a period of several years.Despite the high incidence rate of 5%-10% in infants of mixed European descent, detailed pathogenesis ...
Asemi Zatollah - - 2011
To determine the plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and its related factors in pregnant Iranian women attending maternity clinics. In a cross-sectional study carried out in Naghavi Maternity Clinic, Shaheed Beheshti Specialty and Subspecialty Polyclinic and 10 antenatal centers, affiliated to Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran, we determined ...
Satterfield M Carey - - 2011
Intrauterine growth restriction is a significant problem worldwide, resulting in increased rates of neonatal morbidity and mortality, as well as increased risks for metabolic and cardiovascular disease. The present study investigated the role of maternal undernutrition and L: -arginine administration on fetal growth and development. Embryo transfer was utilized to ...
Smith Jennifer L - - 2011
PURPOSE: The findings presented in this paper describe the beliefs and attitudes of three different groups of adolescent females about teen motherhood. These were elicited from a larger analysis that explored and theorized contraceptive pathways in a sample of young Australian women. METHODS: A purposive sample of females aged 14 ...
Kirby Russell S - - 2011
In recent years nativity or nation of origin has become the focus of numerous pregnancy outcome studies. A recent research synthesis found that, although considerable heterogeneity in study designs hinders the development of broad generalizations concerning differences in pregnancy outcomes, migrant women were more likely to have better low-birthweight and ...
Pruksanusak N - - 2011
Aim: The purpose of this study was to establish a Thai reference for normal fetal nasal bone length (NBL) at 11-13(+6) weeks gestation. Methods: The fetal nasal bone was measured by sonography in pregnant women at 11-13(+6) weeks gestation. All neonates who showed normal karyotypes were examined after delivery to ...
Hamada Alaa - - 2011
To design a retrospective study in which infertile men with a seminal leukocyte count of 0.2-1 × 10(6) white blood cells [WBC]/mL were given doxycycline to examine the potential benefits of the treatment on the improvement of semen parameters and natural pregnancy outcomes. It has been reported that even low-level ...
Guimarães Mariana Tavares - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Estimate and compare prevalence of events related to pregnancy (pregnancy, low birth weight, premature delivery, spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, congenital malformation, and multiple births) in populations exposed and non-exposed to environmental contaminants in Santos and São Vicente Estuary. METHODS: This study was part of a large project financed by CNPq, ...
Brewer Molly - - 2011
One in 1000 pregnancies is complicated with cancer with the most common tumors being breast cancer, cervical cancer, thyroid, leukemia, lymphoma, and ovarian cancer. It is often assumed that cancer during pregnancy necessitates sacrificing the well-being of the fetus but in most cases appropriate treatment can be offered to the ...
Andraweera Prabha H - - 2011
To examine whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in VEGFA (-2578 C/A and +936 C/T) associate with small-for-gestational-age (SGA) pregnancies and to identify their effects on first-trimester placental VEGFA expression. Multicenter prospective cohort study. Settings  Adelaide, Australia, and Auckland, New Zealand. A total of 3234 nulliparous pregnant women, their partners, and their ...
Sohrabvand Farnaz - - 2011
Cumulative embryo score (CES) is one of the many embryo scoring methods which have been developed to help clinicians to transfer high quality embryos and predict pregnancy rate in assisted reproductive techniques (ART) cycles. Regarding the existing difference in CES calculation this study was done to compare two methods in ...
Vigeh Mohsen - - 2011
Carbon monoxide pollution frequently occurs due to auto exhaust, industrial emissions, and/or cigarette smoke. Exogenous and endogenous carbon monoxide affects blood pressure; however, the relation of carbon monoxide exposure to pregnancy hypertension has not been systematically examined. For the present study the authors recruited a total of 2,707 apparently healthy, ...
Stek A M - - 2012
The aim of the study was to describe emtricitabine pharmacokinetics during pregnancy and postpartum. The International Maternal Pediatric and Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT), formerly Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group (PACTG), study P1026s is a prospective pharmacokinetic study of HIV-infected pregnant women taking antiretrovirals for clinical indications, including a cohort ...
Gissler M M Information Department, THL National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2012
To study the current legislation and trends in terminations of pregnancy in the European Union (EU). Data were collected on legislation and statistics for terminations of pregnancy. Population-based statistics from the EU member states. Women in reproductive age in the 27 EU member states. Information on legislation was collected for ...
Barbour R S - - 2011
Background:  To reduce risk of neural tube defects, current guidance recommends that all women who could become pregnant should take a daily 400 μg folic acid supplement before conception and until the 12th week of pregnancy. It is recognised that compliance with this guidance is sub-optimal, although little is known about ...
Chui Amy - - 2011
Pregnancy represents a hypercoagulable state characterized by increased thrombin generation. However, placentas from fetal growth restriction (FGR) pregnancies are characterized by increased fibrin deposition and thrombi in the vasculature, indicative of a further increase in thrombin activation and a disturbance in coagulation in this clinical setting. The cause of the ...
Gedeon Christelle - - 2012
Objective. To evaluate the ethics of performing research in the field of maternal-fetal medicine involving women undergoing pregnancy termination. Methods. We identified published pharmacological studies performed during elective pregnancy termination. In addition, a questionnaire was administered to investigate whether this research would be acceptable to professionals performing research in the ...
Favilli Alessandro - - 2011
Abstract Objective: the study aimed to analyse the pregnancy outcome of women aged 40 or more. Methods: a matched retrospective cohort study comparing women aged 40 or more with a control group aged 20-30 years is described. Multivariate logistic regression models were fitted for the prediction of pre-term birth and ...
Conserva Valentina - - 2011
Abstract Objective This prospective pilot study assesses the recurrence rate and severity of abnormal pregnancy outcome (APO), excluding early pregnancy complications, in pregnant patients, without acquired thrombophilia, treated by prophylactic doses of LMWH, independently from their congenital thrombophilic condition. Methods We recruited a cohort of 128 pregnant patients with previous ...
Mozo-Martín R - - 2011
Currently, the three most important non-surgical artificial insemination systems used in pigs are the conventional, the post-cervical (IUI), and the deep-intrauterine (DIUI) methods. In this study, a new system, termed double uterine deposition insemination (DUDI), which combines aspects of both IUI and DIUI, was evaluated. This method used a thinner, ...
Calleja-Agius J - - 2011
BACKGROUNDThe contribution of local and systemic inflammation to the pathophysiology of sporadic first trimester miscarriages remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the inflammatory response in the circulation of women presenting with first trimester miscarriage.METHODSLevels of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), TNF receptors 1 and 2, interferon ...
Naumann Christopher R - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To examine risk factors, treatment, and outcomes for nausea/vomiting (N/V) and heartburn during pregnancy. Methods: We included 2,731 women from a prospective cohort study of gallbladder disease in pregnancy. Subjects completed questionnaires at enrollment, early third trimester, and 4-6 weeks postpartum. We used logistic regression to examine independent ...
Hoogsteder Philippe H J - - 2011
Objectives. To assess the prevalence of ECG abnormalities after a pregnancy complicated by PE and to compare the ECG characteristics at least six months after pregnancy, between primiparous early-onset preeclamptic women with and without recurrent PE. Design. Longitudinal observational study. Setting. Tertiary referral centre in the Netherlands from 1996 to ...
Bozdag Gurkan - - 2011
Background: To analyze the influence of oral contraceptive pill (OCP) pretreatment in intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles among normoresponders in whom leuprolide acetate is preferred for that kind of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist. Methods: Between March 2001 and January 2010, a total of 821 cycles were pretreated with OCP in luteal-long leuprolide ...
Hauerberg Laura - - 2011
We evaluated the correlation between prenatal diagnosis by ultrasound and autopsy findings, based on 52 second-trimester pregnancies terminated due to fetal malformations or chromosome aberrations diagnosed at a gestational age of 12 to 25 weeks. In 24 pregnancies there was full agreement between ultrasound and autopsy. In 23 cases the ...
Roos Annerine - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that pregnancy may be associated with cognitive affective changes, including increased ability to encode emotional faces signaling threat and increased anxiety. Nevertheless, findings to date are inconsistent, and there are few data on correlations with endocrine and hormonal measures. The aim of this study was ...
D'Anna R - - 2011
To evaluate retrospectively the prevalence of gestational diabetes (GD) in pregnancies obtained with myo-inositol administration in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. A total of 98 pregnancies in PCOS women obtained in a 3-year period, either with myo-inositol (n. 54), or with metformin (n. 44) were considered. While myo-inositol was assumed ...
Payan-Carreira R - - 2011
A case of uterine prolapse coexisting with uterine horn rupture in a 3-year-old Portuguese Podengo bitch, which is an uncommon occurrence, is described. The female was presented with a history of recent parturition, with delivery of four healthy puppies that were normally tended and nursed. The situation developed after an ...
Maiti Abhishek - - 2011
We designed a safe minimalistic model of GDM management which could be conveniently implemented in resource-constrained settings in developing countries. Pregnancy outcomes in the normal controls and the treated GDM patients were similar. We showed that, with minimal care delivered in a consistent fashion it was possible to obtain excellent ...
Sørensen Ingvild M - - 2012
Previous studies indicate reduced risk of type 1 diabetes after intake of vitamin D supplements during pregnancy or early childhood. We aimed to test whether lower maternal serum concentrations of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25-OH D) during pregnancy were associated with an increased risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes. In this case-control ...
Talic Amira - - 2011
Objective: To assess differences in fetal behavior in both normal fetuses and fetuses with cerebral ventriculomegaly (VM). Methods: In a period of eighteen months, in a longitudinal prospective cohort study,Kurjak Antenatal NeuorogicalTest (KANET) was applied to assess fetal behavior in both normal pregnancies and pregnancies with cerebral VM using four-dimensional ...
Sioutas A - - 2011
BACKGROUNDMisoprostol has been shown to be an effective agent for cervical ripening and termination of early pregnancy especially when administered vaginally. Our objective was to evaluate whether bacterial vaginosis (BV) affected the pharmacokinetics of vaginally administered misoprostol during early pregnancy.METHODSTen women with BV and 10 healthy women requesting medical abortion ...
Agarwal Krishna - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To review the available evidence regarding pregnancy loss following first trimester chorionic villus sampling (CVS) and mid-trimester genetic amniocentesis in twins. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE database from Jan 1990 to May 2011 for randomized and the cohort studies reporting on the risk of pregnancy loss after first trimester ...
Macher Hada C - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Among negative RhD mothers it is essential to know the fetal RhD status in order to avoid the possibility of hemolytic disease of the newborn. In this regard, the detection of fetal DNA in maternal plasma might become a new diagnostic tool. In the current study, we have evaluated ...
O'Connor Catherine - - 2011
Abstract Background: Diabetes in pregnancy imposes additional risks to both mother and infant. These increased risks are considered to be primarily related to glycaemic control which is monitored by means of glycated haemoglobin (HbA(1c)). The correlation of HbA(1c) with clinical outcomes emphasises the need to measure HbA(1c) accurately, precisely and ...
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