Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2304
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Gindes Liat - - 2011
Objectives- The purposes of this study were to identify the fetal hippocampus and fornix using 3-dimensional sonography, to measure their curved length during pregnancy, and to describe a systematic method for volume data set analysis of the fetal hippocampus and fornix. Methods- Three-dimensional volumes of the fetal brain were acquired ...
Doubilet Peter M - - 2011
The human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) discriminatory level-the maternal serum β-hCG level above which a gestational sac should be consistently visible on sonography in a normal pregnancy--has been reported to be 1000 to 2000 mIU/mL for transvaginal sonography. We assessed whether a woman with a β-hCG above 2000 mIU/mL and no ...
Heidari Mohammad Hassan - - 2011
Non-invasive methods are normally preferred to conventional invasive methods when selecting suitable embryos to improve pregnancy rates after assisted reproduction techniques. One of the most recognized non-invasive methods is to examine the supernatants of embryo culture media. Soluble human leukocyte antigen, class I, G (sHLA-G) antigen is a non-classical class ...
Rivera Caroline - - 2011
The objective is to report the case of a 36 year-old female with a primary mediastinal germ cell tumor mimicking an ectopic pregnancy. The patient under birth control pill presented, at seven weeks of amenorrhea, a β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) level of 850 UI and uterine vacuity with left lateral ...
Merchant Shaila - - 2011
Interest in general surgery has declined, and lack of adequate accommodation for pregnancy and parenting may be a deterrent. We explored resident experiences with these issues within a single general surgery program. We surveyed residents enrolled in the University of British Columbia general surgery program from 1997 to 2009 using ...
Valenzuela Francisco J - - 2012
Preeclampsia (PE) is one of the main causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality in the world, causing nearly 40% of births delivered before 35 weeks of gestation. PE begins with inadequate trophoblast invasion early in pregnancy, which produces an increase in oxidative stress contributing to the development of ...
El-Mohandes Ayman A E - - 2011
Smoking is the single most preventable cause of perinatal morbidity. This study examines smoking behaviors during pregnancy in a high risk population of African Americans. The study also examines risk factors associated with smoking behaviors and cessation in response to a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention. This study is a ...
Kiely Michele - - 2011
This study investigates the relationship between adverse pregnancy outcomes in high-risk African American women in Washington, DC and sociodemographic risk factors, behavioral risk factors, and the most common and interrelated medical conditions occurring during pregnancy: diabetes, hypertension, preeclampsia, and Body Mass Index (BMI). Data are from a randomized controlled trial ...
Vigeh Mohsen - - 2011
Carbon monoxide pollution frequently occurs due to auto exhaust, industrial emissions, and/or cigarette smoke. Exogenous and endogenous carbon monoxide affects blood pressure; however, the relation of carbon monoxide exposure to pregnancy hypertension has not been systematically examined. For the present study the authors recruited a total of 2,707 apparently healthy, ...
Barbour R S - - 2011
Background:  To reduce risk of neural tube defects, current guidance recommends that all women who could become pregnant should take a daily 400 μg folic acid supplement before conception and until the 12th week of pregnancy. It is recognised that compliance with this guidance is sub-optimal, although little is known about ...
Chui Amy - - 2011
Pregnancy represents a hypercoagulable state characterized by increased thrombin generation. However, placentas from fetal growth restriction (FGR) pregnancies are characterized by increased fibrin deposition and thrombi in the vasculature, indicative of a further increase in thrombin activation and a disturbance in coagulation in this clinical setting. The cause of the ...
Gedeon Christelle - - 2012
Objective. To evaluate the ethics of performing research in the field of maternal-fetal medicine involving women undergoing pregnancy termination. Methods. We identified published pharmacological studies performed during elective pregnancy termination. In addition, a questionnaire was administered to investigate whether this research would be acceptable to professionals performing research in the ...
Stek A M - - 2012
The aim of the study was to describe emtricitabine pharmacokinetics during pregnancy and postpartum. The International Maternal Pediatric and Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT), formerly Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group (PACTG), study P1026s is a prospective pharmacokinetic study of HIV-infected pregnant women taking antiretrovirals for clinical indications, including a cohort ...
Gissler M M Information Department, THL National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2012
To study the current legislation and trends in terminations of pregnancy in the European Union (EU). Data were collected on legislation and statistics for terminations of pregnancy. Population-based statistics from the EU member states. Women in reproductive age in the 27 EU member states. Information on legislation was collected for ...
Mozo-Martín R - - 2011
Currently, the three most important non-surgical artificial insemination systems used in pigs are the conventional, the post-cervical (IUI), and the deep-intrauterine (DIUI) methods. In this study, a new system, termed double uterine deposition insemination (DUDI), which combines aspects of both IUI and DIUI, was evaluated. This method used a thinner, ...
Calleja-Agius J - - 2011
BACKGROUNDThe contribution of local and systemic inflammation to the pathophysiology of sporadic first trimester miscarriages remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the inflammatory response in the circulation of women presenting with first trimester miscarriage.METHODSLevels of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), TNF receptors 1 and 2, interferon ...
Hoogsteder Philippe H J - - 2011
Objectives. To assess the prevalence of ECG abnormalities after a pregnancy complicated by PE and to compare the ECG characteristics at least six months after pregnancy, between primiparous early-onset preeclamptic women with and without recurrent PE. Design. Longitudinal observational study. Setting. Tertiary referral centre in the Netherlands from 1996 to ...
Conserva Valentina - - 2011
Abstract Objective This prospective pilot study assesses the recurrence rate and severity of abnormal pregnancy outcome (APO), excluding early pregnancy complications, in pregnant patients, without acquired thrombophilia, treated by prophylactic doses of LMWH, independently from their congenital thrombophilic condition. Methods We recruited a cohort of 128 pregnant patients with previous ...
Bozdag Gurkan - - 2011
Background: To analyze the influence of oral contraceptive pill (OCP) pretreatment in intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles among normoresponders in whom leuprolide acetate is preferred for that kind of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist. Methods: Between March 2001 and January 2010, a total of 821 cycles were pretreated with OCP in luteal-long leuprolide ...
Naumann Christopher R - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To examine risk factors, treatment, and outcomes for nausea/vomiting (N/V) and heartburn during pregnancy. Methods: We included 2,731 women from a prospective cohort study of gallbladder disease in pregnancy. Subjects completed questionnaires at enrollment, early third trimester, and 4-6 weeks postpartum. We used logistic regression to examine independent ...
Roos Annerine - - 2011
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that pregnancy may be associated with cognitive affective changes, including increased ability to encode emotional faces signaling threat and increased anxiety. Nevertheless, findings to date are inconsistent, and there are few data on correlations with endocrine and hormonal measures. The aim of this study was ...
Favilli Alessandro - - 2011
Abstract Objective: the study aimed to analyse the pregnancy outcome of women aged 40 or more. Methods: a matched retrospective cohort study comparing women aged 40 or more with a control group aged 20-30 years is described. Multivariate logistic regression models were fitted for the prediction of pre-term birth and ...
Hauerberg Laura - - 2011
We evaluated the correlation between prenatal diagnosis by ultrasound and autopsy findings, based on 52 second-trimester pregnancies terminated due to fetal malformations or chromosome aberrations diagnosed at a gestational age of 12 to 25 weeks. In 24 pregnancies there was full agreement between ultrasound and autopsy. In 23 cases the ...
Talic Amira - - 2011
Objective: To assess differences in fetal behavior in both normal fetuses and fetuses with cerebral ventriculomegaly (VM). Methods: In a period of eighteen months, in a longitudinal prospective cohort study,Kurjak Antenatal NeuorogicalTest (KANET) was applied to assess fetal behavior in both normal pregnancies and pregnancies with cerebral VM using four-dimensional ...
Sioutas A - - 2011
BACKGROUNDMisoprostol has been shown to be an effective agent for cervical ripening and termination of early pregnancy especially when administered vaginally. Our objective was to evaluate whether bacterial vaginosis (BV) affected the pharmacokinetics of vaginally administered misoprostol during early pregnancy.METHODSTen women with BV and 10 healthy women requesting medical abortion ...
Payan-Carreira R - - 2011
A case of uterine prolapse coexisting with uterine horn rupture in a 3-year-old Portuguese Podengo bitch, which is an uncommon occurrence, is described. The female was presented with a history of recent parturition, with delivery of four healthy puppies that were normally tended and nursed. The situation developed after an ...
Agarwal Krishna - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To review the available evidence regarding pregnancy loss following first trimester chorionic villus sampling (CVS) and mid-trimester genetic amniocentesis in twins. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE database from Jan 1990 to May 2011 for randomized and the cohort studies reporting on the risk of pregnancy loss after first trimester ...
Maiti Abhishek - - 2011
We designed a safe minimalistic model of GDM management which could be conveniently implemented in resource-constrained settings in developing countries. Pregnancy outcomes in the normal controls and the treated GDM patients were similar. We showed that, with minimal care delivered in a consistent fashion it was possible to obtain excellent ...
D'Anna R - - 2011
To evaluate retrospectively the prevalence of gestational diabetes (GD) in pregnancies obtained with myo-inositol administration in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. A total of 98 pregnancies in PCOS women obtained in a 3-year period, either with myo-inositol (n. 54), or with metformin (n. 44) were considered. While myo-inositol was assumed ...
Sørensen Ingvild M - - 2012
Previous studies indicate reduced risk of type 1 diabetes after intake of vitamin D supplements during pregnancy or early childhood. We aimed to test whether lower maternal serum concentrations of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25-OH D) during pregnancy were associated with an increased risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes. In this case-control ...
Macher Hada C - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Among negative RhD mothers it is essential to know the fetal RhD status in order to avoid the possibility of hemolytic disease of the newborn. In this regard, the detection of fetal DNA in maternal plasma might become a new diagnostic tool. In the current study, we have evaluated ...
O'Connor Catherine - - 2011
Abstract Background: Diabetes in pregnancy imposes additional risks to both mother and infant. These increased risks are considered to be primarily related to glycaemic control which is monitored by means of glycated haemoglobin (HbA(1c)). The correlation of HbA(1c) with clinical outcomes emphasises the need to measure HbA(1c) accurately, precisely and ...
Gadonneix Pierre - - 2011
We report a case of a pregnancy and follow the delivery of a young woman who previously underwent a laparoscopic sacral colpopexy (LSC) for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). A 38-year-old woman with POP desires pregnancy who after unsuccessful medical treatment with pessary underwent a laparoscopic uterine ventrosuspension (LUV). However, this ...
Tang Wan Xin - - 2011
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) complicated by acute kidney injury (AKI) is serious and life-threatening for the mother. The present study aimed to determine the clinical efficacy of combined blood purification treatment (CBPT) in patients with AFLP complicated by AKI. The CBPT involves plasma exchange (PE) combined with continuous ...
Roth Forrest S - - 2011
A 29 year old Hispanic woman with a history of breast augmentation and a pregnancy complicated by placental abruption presented to the plastic surgery service for evaluation of a swollen right breast. The patient was examined and several tests were performed to rule out infection, galactocele, and malignancy. The swelling ...
Guglielminotti J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Chronic stress during pregnancy has been associated with worsened maternal and fetal outcomes. Acute stress immediately before spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section may contribute to hypotension. Therefore objective measures of acute stress may help identify women at risk of adverse outcomes. Salivary alpha-amylase is a stress biomarker that has ...
Yoo Jae-Gyu - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of electrical stimulation (EST) on pronuclear formation, chromosomal constitution, and developmental capability among in vitro matured pig oocytes following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). After ICSI, the oocytes were randomly distributed and cultured into 3 groups: the EST activated ICSI group, ...
Lie Mabel - - 2012
The termination of pregnancy trial (Newcastle upon Tyne, UK), is the only randomised trial on termination of pregnancy methods incorporating a qualitative element that aimed to understand the experiences of women participating in the trial. Based on the results of this qualitative work, this article aims to provide insights into ...
Perović Milan - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate diagnostic accuracy and efficiency of ultrasound markers of gestational diabetes (GDM) and propose an ultrasound based scoring system suitable for screening (UGDS). Methods: 110 women with singleton pregnancies and established maternal and/or pregnancy related risk factors for GDM were scanned at/or after 24 weeks gestation followed by ...
Perales-Puchalt Alfredo - - 2012
To assess maternal, neonatal and graft outcomes after pregnancy in patients with kidney transplantation, and to compare the immunosuppressive therapies used. Review of 29 pregnancies in 23 patients with kidney transplantation, managed at La Fe University Hospital, Valencia. Immunosuppressive therapies with Cyclosporine-A, Tacrolimus, Mycophenolate mofetil and Azathioprine were compared. No ...
Spitzer Dietmar - - 2012
To analyze the effects of embryo transfer (ET) quality on clinical pregnancy (CPR) and live birth delivery rates (LBDR). In a retrospective study at a single, private infertility center between November 2005 and December 2009 one thousand fifty-five day-3 and day-5 ETs following IVF/ICSI/IMSI were evaluated. We analyzed the impact ...
Perni Uma C - - 2011
BackgroundMaternal smoking has been associated with decreased risk of preeclampsia; however, it is uncertain whether this association is causal. An argument for causality would be strengthened if changes in smoking status across consecutive pregnancies were related to the risk of preeclampsia.MethodsWe used data from the National Swedish Birth Register to ...
Rodríguez Dalia B - - 2011
To compare cumulative pregnancy and live birth rates of single embryo transfer (SET) vs. double embryo transfer (DET) in women <35 years old with good-quality embryos, we designed an observational prospective study carried out between October 2002 and December 2006. Patients who accepted SET were compared with those who decided ...
Badakhsh Mohammad H - - 2011
Background: The aims of this study were to analyze the trend of cesarean section (CS), determining possible risk factors and also comparing the rate of CS in mothers with gestational diabetes (GDM) and normal pregnant population. Materials and methods: A hospital-based midwives data collection including 37,997 pregnancies in Tehran was ...
Fejzo Marlena S - - 2012
To determine whether change in paternity changes recurrence risk of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). Survey data on recurrence of HG was compared between cases who had a paternity change between pregnancies and cases who did not. The percentage of HG pregnancies in women with the same partner for all pregnancies was ...
Custers Inge M - - 2011
BACKGROUNDWe recently reported that treatment with intrauterine insemination and controlled ovarian stimulation (IUI-COS) did not increase ongoing pregnancy rates compared with expectant management (EM) in couples with unexplained subfertility and intermediate prognosis of natural conception. Long-term cost-effectiveness of a policy of initial EM is unknown. We investigated whether the recommendation ...
Manojlović-Stojanoski Milica - - 2011
This study aimed to examine the influence of pregnancy on responsiveness of the pituitary-adrenal (PA) axis to dexamethasone (Dx) in rats. Dams and virgins were injected with Dx in three consecutive daily doses of 1.0, 0.5, 0.5mg/kg/bw, starting from day 16 of pregnancy, and sacrificed 24 and 72h after termination ...
Jardri Renaud - - 2011
Evidence for cortical sensory activation in the human fetus at the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy was provided in a recent imaging study. Although hearing is functional before birth, it is not clear whether recognition of the mother's voice is learned in utero or rapidly following delivery. We ...
Ballester Marcos - - 2011
BACKGROUNDAlthough several scoring systems have been published to evaluate the pregnancy rate after ICSI-IVF in infertile patients, none of them are applicable for patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) nor can they evaluate the chances of pregnancy for individual patients. The aim of this study was to develop a nomogram ...
Toft Gunnar - - 2012
Animal studies indicate that some phthalate metabolites may harm female reproductive function. We assessed the associations between exposure to phthalate metabolites and pregnancy loss. Using a previously established cohort of couples planning their first pregnancy, we analyzed four primary and two oxidized secondary phthalate metabolites in urine samples collected on ...
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