Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2320
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Khalil A A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the nitric oxide (NO) pathway is altered in pregnancies that develop preeclampsia (PE). This was a nested case-control study of screening for PE, in which plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), L-arginine and L-homoarginine were measured at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks. In all, 75 pregnancies ...
Schramel Johannes - - 2011
The regional distribution of ventilation in conscious standing pregnant Shetland pony mares was investigated by Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT). Six ponies were repeatedly examined a minimum of four weeks prior to (antepartum, AP) until three weeks after parturition (postpartum, PP). From the cross-sectional ventilation image the ventral to dorsal (V/D), ...
Hoellen Friederike - - 2011
Objective: To elaborate the antenatal sonographic findings of fetuses with the suspicion of fetal akinesia, thereby focusing on the accuracy of prenatal differentiation between subtypes of fetal akinesia, namely Pena-Shokeir phenotype (PSP) and arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC). Methods: We herein present our experience of 21 patients with PSP and AMC ...
Bredaki Foteini E - - 2011
Objective: To establish a reference distribution of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) at 11-13 weeks' gestation and define the contribution of maternal variables that influence the measured concentration of AFP. Methods: Serum concentration of AFP at 11-13 weeks was measured in 1,500 singleton pregnancies which were not complicated by hypertensive disorders ...
Rahman Md Saidur - - 2011
The diameter of the preovulatory follicle (POF) and its effects on subsequent corpus luteum (CL) size and conception were studied in 38 lactating indigenous cycling buffaloes in the Mymensingh district of Bangladesh. Body condition score (BCS) at estrus was estimated for the buffaloes. The buffaloes were synchronized with two injections ...
Chang Eun Mi - - 2012
To verify whether a novel protocol administering E(2) during the luteal phase of the preceding cycle and during ovarian stimulation in GnRH antagonist cycle could enhance follicular response and hence improve outcomes in poor responders. In this retrospective analysis, a total of 155 poor responder patients subjected to IVF/ICSI were ...
Harvey N N MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, - - 2012
In this large, population-based, prospective, mother-offspring cohort study, maternal long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) status during pregnancy was found to be positively associated with bone mass in the offspring at age 4 years. The findings suggest that variation in intrauterine exposure to n-3 and n-6 LCPUFAs may have potential consequences ...
Bodnar Lisa M LM Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, A742 Crabtree Hall, 130 DeSoto Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. - - 2012
Major depressive disorder (MDD) during pregnancy increases the risk of adverse maternal and infant outcomes. Maternal nutritional status may be a modifiable risk factor for antenatal depression. We evaluated the association between patterns in mid-pregnancy nutritional biomarkers and MDD. Prospective cohort study. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Women who enrolled at ≤20 ...
Costet Nathalie - - 2011
Although prenatal exposure to water disinfection by-products does not appear to affect the duration of gestation, its impact on fetal growth remains an open question. The authors studied the associations between prenatal exposure to disinfection by-products and fetal growth restriction (FGR) and preterm birth in the PELAGIE cohort, a French ...
Sultan Alyshah Abdul - - 2011
Knowledge of the absolute and relative risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in and around pregnancy would be crucial in identifying when to commence and cease thromboprophylaxis in women who would benefit from such intervention. We addressed this hypothesis using a large prospective primary care database from the United Kingdom, containing ...
Kaser Daniel J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of fragmented oocytes in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles, describe the developmental potential of their sibling oocytes, and define clinical outcomes from affected cycles. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): All ICSI cycles from January 2006 to December 2010 (n = 2,844) were ...
Medici Marco - - 2011
Context:Abnormal maternal thyroid parameters are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, with consequences for both mother and child. Although various studies have studied maternal thyroid parameters during the first half of pregnancy, little is known about their relations with thyroid parameters of the child.Objective:The objective was to study maternal thyroid parameters ...
Richardson Ashley R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception (EC) is used to prevent unintended pregnancies. The current gold standard for oral EC is levonorgestrel (LNG) administered as a single 1.5-mg dose or in 2 doses of 0.75 mg separated by 12 hours. LNG has shown to be effective up to 72 hours after coitus. Ulipristal ...
Torche Florencia - - 2012
Previous research suggests that maternal exposure to acute stress has a negative impact on the duration of pregnancy, and that this effect may vary by the time of exposure. It has also been proposed that stress exposure reduces the ratio of male-to-female births. To date, no study has jointly examined ...
Toblli J E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) can severely impair the outcome of pregnancy. IDA has been shown to cause oxidative stress, which may be exacerbated by oral iron therapy. In this study, the effects of IDA and its treatment with iron polymaltose complex/folic acid (IPC/FA) were examined in anemic pregnant rats, ...
Sawicki Emilia - - 2011
Aims:  The safety of preventive asthma medicines during pregnancy has already been established. The aim of this study was to assess asthma management by women during pregnancy. Methods:  Pregnant women attending the out-patient clinics of an Australian maternity hospital completed a questionnaire about their asthma medication use and symptoms. Parameters ...
Timezguid N - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on severe maternal sepsis during pregnancy or the postpartum period are rare and have focused on septic abortion. Voluntary abortion was legalized in France in 1975. This study was conducted to reassess the characteristics of maternal sepsis that have been managed in a French intensive care unit. ...
Rountree Wes - - 2011
Vaginal microbicide gel trials for HIV prevention may require withdrawal of study product when a woman becomes pregnant. We assessed the potential impact of withdrawals in four trials by comparing self-reported sexual behavior pre- and post-pregnancy detection: (1) behavior in the month prior to positive pregnancy test versus behavior reported ...
Sevene Esperança - - 2011
Background: The intake of medicines during pregnancy can have negative or toxic effects on the fetus, possibly leading to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the level of drug exposure during pregnancy in a rural area of Mozambique and its relation to pregnancy outcome. ...
Gatford K L - - 2011
Birth weight positively predicts postnatal growth and performance in pigs and can be increased by sustained maternal porcine ST (pST) treatment from d 25 to 100 of pregnancy (term ~115 d). The objective of this study was to test whether a shorter period of maternal pST treatment in late pregnancy ...
Yasunaga Yohei - - 2011
Expression patterns of sugars on the mucosal surface of the uterus in pregnant mice were investigated by using 21 kinds of lectins. In the uterine mucosa, the GlcNAc group tended to express a positive reaction before pregnant day 10, but the glucose/mannose group generally expressed a positive reaction after pregnant ...
Pocar Paola - - 2011
The present study examined the effects in mice of exposure to di(2-ethyl-hexyl) phthalate (DEHP) throughout pregnancy and lactation on the development and function of the pituitary-gonadal axis in male and female offspring once they have attained adulthood. Groups of two to three dams were exposed with the diet from gestational ...
Bentata Yassamine - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study was to determine etiologies, risk factors and prognosis of pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (AKI) in an intensive care unit. Methods: Patients included in this retrospective study had a gestational age exceeding 20 weeks of amenorrhea. We defined and classified AKI according to the criteria ...
Koning A M H - - 2012
Based on a presumed negative impact of overweight and obesity on reproductive capacity and pregnancy outcome, some national guidelines and clinicians have argued that there should be an upper limit for a woman's BMI to access assisted reproductive technologies (ART). However, evidence on the risk of complications or expected success ...
Nanda Surabhi - - 2011
The objective was to examine maternal serum levels of resistin at 11 to 13 weeks' gestation in normal and pathological pregnancies. Serum resistin, pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), and uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) at 11 to 13 weeks were measured in 480 singleton pregnancies, including 240 with normal outcome, ...
Kenny J - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Adolescents with HIV infection acquired perinatally or in early childhood are becoming sexually active, but little is known about fertility and pregnancy outcomes. Multicentre data on pregnancy outcomes in this population are described here. METHODS: A retrospective case note review of pregnant women with perinatal/early acquired HIV infection, conceiving ...
Jarosz Mirosław - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Estimation of the maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and its influence on pregnancy duration, birthweight and Apgar score of the newborn. STUDY DESIGN: The research was conducted on pregnant women who gave birth at the Clinic of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Oncology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw. ...
Khalili Mohammad Ali - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Assisted reproductive technology (ART) has become an established and increasingly successful form of treatment for infertility. However, significant numbers of cycles fail after embryo transfer (ET) and it becomes necessary to follow up the infertile couples after failed ART treatments. The main goal was to follow up the infertile ...
Bolton S D - - 2011
A 22-year-old primiparous woman with known glycogen storage disease type 3a presented to our hospital during her 12th week of pregnancy. Glycogen storage disease type 3 is a rare inherited disorder resulting from a deficiency of the glycogen debranching enzyme, causing the accumulation of abnormal short-chain glycogen in liver, blood ...
Nelson Latasha - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of early third-trimester sonography to predict large for gestational age (LGA) birth weights in women with diabetes mellitus. Methods- We identified women with nonanomalous singleton gestations and pregestational and gestational diabetes mellitus who underwent sonographic examinations between gestational ages ...
Helgadottir Linda B - - 2011
Inherited thrombophilias are probably associated with placenta-mediated pregnancy complications, but the strength of the association between inherited thrombophilias and intrauterine fetal death after 22 gestational weeks varies due to small sample size and different methodologies used across studies. The objective of the present study was to investigate the association of ...
Thaithae Suparp - - 2011
To determine whether, when controlling for confounding factors, there was still an association of adolescence with adverse outcomes. Retrospective case control study. Seven Bangkok Metropolitan Administration General Hospitals. Charts of all women aged 19 and younger (n = 1,354) having singleton live births in 2004, 2005, and 2006 were retrieved. ...
- - 2011
Diagnoses of "complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium" (ICD-9-CM: 630-679) include both morbid complications and indications for routine care of pregnant women. During 2001-2010, U.S. service members with live births (n=156,314) had 1.16 million medical encounters with primary diagnoses of "pregnancy complications". The most frequent diagnoses were "other current ...
Ghabach M B - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of antenatal weight gain on baseline heart rate variability and incidence of hypotension in singleton parturients with a normal pre-pregnancy body mass index, presenting at term for elective caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia. Sixty-six parturients, of ASA physical status 1-2, ...
Brewer Molly - - 2011
One in 1000 pregnancies is complicated with cancer with the most common tumors being breast cancer, cervical cancer, thyroid, leukemia, lymphoma, and ovarian cancer. It is often assumed that cancer during pregnancy necessitates sacrificing the well-being of the fetus but in most cases appropriate treatment can be offered to the ...
Hamada Alaa - - 2011
To design a retrospective study in which infertile men with a seminal leukocyte count of 0.2-1 × 10(6) white blood cells [WBC]/mL were given doxycycline to examine the potential benefits of the treatment on the improvement of semen parameters and natural pregnancy outcomes. It has been reported that even low-level ...
Dwinnell Shannon J - - 2011
Alpha thalassemia with the absence of 4 α-globin genes leads to fetal hydrops and fetal death from anemia. Historically considered a lethal condition, optimal in utero management of homozygous α-thalassemia is unclear. A fetus of Filipino descent at 26 weeks gestation presented with ultrasound evidence of anemia. Cordocentesis confirmed anemia ...
Oh H J - - 2011
Aims: In patients with immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy, postnatal renal outcomes vary depending on kidney function and proteinuria. However, whether a decrease in proteinuria prior to conception improves postnatal maternal renal outcomes is unknown. Methods: This was a single-center retrospective study. A total of 52 pregnant women with biopsy-proven IgA ...
Martinez-Rebollar Maria - - 2011
Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy is critical to preventing human immunodeficiency virus vertical transmission. Physiological changes during pregnancy can alter drug kinetics. The aim of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) of saquinavir (SQV) boosted with ritonavir during pregnancy and postpartum. Fourteen human immunodeficiency virus-positive pregnant women started SQV ...
Feldt-Rasmussen Ulla - - 2011
The endocrinology of pregnancy involves endocrine and metabolic changes as a consequence of physiological alterations at the foetoplacental boundary between mother and foetus. The vast changes in maternal hormones and their binding proteins complicate assessment of the normal level of most hormones during gestation. The neuroendocrine events and their timing ...
Kirby Russell S - - 2011
In recent years nativity or nation of origin has become the focus of numerous pregnancy outcome studies. A recent research synthesis found that, although considerable heterogeneity in study designs hinders the development of broad generalizations concerning differences in pregnancy outcomes, migrant women were more likely to have better low-birthweight and ...
Jhaveri Mamta B - - 2011
Since the early 1950s clinicians have been concerned about the impact of pregnancy on malignant melanoma (MM). Case reports and case series described a grave prognosis for women diagnosed with MM during pregnancy. Today MM in pregnancy takes on enhanced significance as more women delay childbearing into their 30s and ...
Frass Kaima A - - 2011
To compare the maternal and fetal outcome of 2 different methods of delivering the baby during cesarian section when the fetal head is deeply engaged. A prospective case control study was carried out in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Al-Thawra General Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen from January to December 2010. A ...
Mai Hua-Ming - - 2011
Infantile hemangioma(IH) is one of the most common benign tumors in infants characterized by occurrence within a few weeks after birth, rapid growth during the first year and spontaneous involution over a period of several years.Despite the high incidence rate of 5%-10% in infants of mixed European descent, detailed pathogenesis ...
Nørgård Bente Mertz - - 2011
The clinical epidemiological studies included in this thesis fall into three parts. The first part includes studies on birth outcome in women with ulcerative colitis. The second part includes pharmacoepidemiological studies on birth outcome after anti-inflammatory drug therapy in pregnancy, including patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The third ...
Duncan Alessandra - - 2011
Objective: To summarize for obstetrical care providers the current literature on array genomic hybridization in prenatal diagnosis and to outline the recommendations of the Canadian College of Medical Geneticists regarding the use of this new technology with respect to prenatal diagnosis. Evidence: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles published ...
Dalmáz Caroline Abrão - - 2011
The aim of the study was to identify the frequency of risk factors for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in Southern Brazil. The study included 161 patients with hypertensive disorders and 169 control subjects matched by age and ethnicity. The frequency of the risk factors was compared by Fisher's exact test, ...
McGregor Ba - - 2011
To investigate the effects of live weight, sex and other factors on deciduous (first incisor) loss and permanent first incisor development in Angora goats. Goats were part of a pen study on the effects of energy intake in Angora does during pregnancy and lactation on kid growth and development. The ...
Asemi Zatollah - - 2011
To determine the plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and its related factors in pregnant Iranian women attending maternity clinics. In a cross-sectional study carried out in Naghavi Maternity Clinic, Shaheed Beheshti Specialty and Subspecialty Polyclinic and 10 antenatal centers, affiliated to Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran, we determined ...
Guimarães Mariana Tavares - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Estimate and compare prevalence of events related to pregnancy (pregnancy, low birth weight, premature delivery, spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, congenital malformation, and multiple births) in populations exposed and non-exposed to environmental contaminants in Santos and São Vicente Estuary. METHODS: This study was part of a large project financed by CNPq, ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >