Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2321
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Chang Eun Mi - - 2012
To verify whether a novel protocol administering E(2) during the luteal phase of the preceding cycle and during ovarian stimulation in GnRH antagonist cycle could enhance follicular response and hence improve outcomes in poor responders. In this retrospective analysis, a total of 155 poor responder patients subjected to IVF/ICSI were ...
Rahman Md Saidur - - 2011
The diameter of the preovulatory follicle (POF) and its effects on subsequent corpus luteum (CL) size and conception were studied in 38 lactating indigenous cycling buffaloes in the Mymensingh district of Bangladesh. Body condition score (BCS) at estrus was estimated for the buffaloes. The buffaloes were synchronized with two injections ...
Zenner Dominik - - 2011
Objective Tuberculosis (TB) disease adversely affects mother and child, and strategies to control TB in this group are important. The aim of this study was to analyse the epidemiology of TB in pregnancy, and establish whether pregnancy is an independent risk factor for TB. Methods The UK-wide cohort study was ...
Harvey N N MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, - - 2012
In this large, population-based, prospective, mother-offspring cohort study, maternal long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) status during pregnancy was found to be positively associated with bone mass in the offspring at age 4 years. The findings suggest that variation in intrauterine exposure to n-3 and n-6 LCPUFAs may have potential consequences ...
Hoellen Friederike - - 2011
Objective: To elaborate the antenatal sonographic findings of fetuses with the suspicion of fetal akinesia, thereby focusing on the accuracy of prenatal differentiation between subtypes of fetal akinesia, namely Pena-Shokeir phenotype (PSP) and arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC). Methods: We herein present our experience of 21 patients with PSP and AMC ...
Bredaki Foteini E - - 2011
Objective: To establish a reference distribution of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) at 11-13 weeks' gestation and define the contribution of maternal variables that influence the measured concentration of AFP. Methods: Serum concentration of AFP at 11-13 weeks was measured in 1,500 singleton pregnancies which were not complicated by hypertensive disorders ...
Schramel Johannes - - 2011
The regional distribution of ventilation in conscious standing pregnant Shetland pony mares was investigated by Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT). Six ponies were repeatedly examined a minimum of four weeks prior to (antepartum, AP) until three weeks after parturition (postpartum, PP). From the cross-sectional ventilation image the ventral to dorsal (V/D), ...
Bodnar Lisa M LM Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, A742 Crabtree Hall, 130 DeSoto Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. - - 2012
Major depressive disorder (MDD) during pregnancy increases the risk of adverse maternal and infant outcomes. Maternal nutritional status may be a modifiable risk factor for antenatal depression. We evaluated the association between patterns in mid-pregnancy nutritional biomarkers and MDD. Prospective cohort study. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Women who enrolled at ≤20 ...
Khalil A A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the nitric oxide (NO) pathway is altered in pregnancies that develop preeclampsia (PE). This was a nested case-control study of screening for PE, in which plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), L-arginine and L-homoarginine were measured at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks. In all, 75 pregnancies ...
Duong Hai Thanh - - 2011
To determine whether glucocorticoids affect the function of the bovine corpus luteum (CL) during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy, we examined the effects of exogenous cortisol or reduced endogenous cortisol on the secretion of progesterone (P4) and on pregnancy rate. In preliminary experiments, doses of cortisol and metyrapone (an ...
Sultan Alyshah Abdul - - 2011
Knowledge of the absolute and relative risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in and around pregnancy would be crucial in identifying when to commence and cease thromboprophylaxis in women who would benefit from such intervention. We addressed this hypothesis using a large prospective primary care database from the United Kingdom, containing ...
Kaser Daniel J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of fragmented oocytes in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles, describe the developmental potential of their sibling oocytes, and define clinical outcomes from affected cycles. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): All ICSI cycles from January 2006 to December 2010 (n = 2,844) were ...
Medici Marco - - 2011
Context:Abnormal maternal thyroid parameters are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, with consequences for both mother and child. Although various studies have studied maternal thyroid parameters during the first half of pregnancy, little is known about their relations with thyroid parameters of the child.Objective:The objective was to study maternal thyroid parameters ...
Costet Nathalie - - 2011
Although prenatal exposure to water disinfection by-products does not appear to affect the duration of gestation, its impact on fetal growth remains an open question. The authors studied the associations between prenatal exposure to disinfection by-products and fetal growth restriction (FGR) and preterm birth in the PELAGIE cohort, a French ...
Torche Florencia - - 2012
Previous research suggests that maternal exposure to acute stress has a negative impact on the duration of pregnancy, and that this effect may vary by the time of exposure. It has also been proposed that stress exposure reduces the ratio of male-to-female births. To date, no study has jointly examined ...
Richardson Ashley R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception (EC) is used to prevent unintended pregnancies. The current gold standard for oral EC is levonorgestrel (LNG) administered as a single 1.5-mg dose or in 2 doses of 0.75 mg separated by 12 hours. LNG has shown to be effective up to 72 hours after coitus. Ulipristal ...
Sawicki Emilia - - 2011
Aims:  The safety of preventive asthma medicines during pregnancy has already been established. The aim of this study was to assess asthma management by women during pregnancy. Methods:  Pregnant women attending the out-patient clinics of an Australian maternity hospital completed a questionnaire about their asthma medication use and symptoms. Parameters ...
Pocar Paola - - 2011
The present study examined the effects in mice of exposure to di(2-ethyl-hexyl) phthalate (DEHP) throughout pregnancy and lactation on the development and function of the pituitary-gonadal axis in male and female offspring once they have attained adulthood. Groups of two to three dams were exposed with the diet from gestational ...
Yasunaga Yohei - - 2011
Expression patterns of sugars on the mucosal surface of the uterus in pregnant mice were investigated by using 21 kinds of lectins. In the uterine mucosa, the GlcNAc group tended to express a positive reaction before pregnant day 10, but the glucose/mannose group generally expressed a positive reaction after pregnant ...
Sevene Esperança - - 2011
Background: The intake of medicines during pregnancy can have negative or toxic effects on the fetus, possibly leading to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the level of drug exposure during pregnancy in a rural area of Mozambique and its relation to pregnancy outcome. ...
Gatford K L - - 2011
Birth weight positively predicts postnatal growth and performance in pigs and can be increased by sustained maternal porcine ST (pST) treatment from d 25 to 100 of pregnancy (term ~115 d). The objective of this study was to test whether a shorter period of maternal pST treatment in late pregnancy ...
Toblli J E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) can severely impair the outcome of pregnancy. IDA has been shown to cause oxidative stress, which may be exacerbated by oral iron therapy. In this study, the effects of IDA and its treatment with iron polymaltose complex/folic acid (IPC/FA) were examined in anemic pregnant rats, ...
Timezguid N - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on severe maternal sepsis during pregnancy or the postpartum period are rare and have focused on septic abortion. Voluntary abortion was legalized in France in 1975. This study was conducted to reassess the characteristics of maternal sepsis that have been managed in a French intensive care unit. ...
Rountree Wes - - 2011
Vaginal microbicide gel trials for HIV prevention may require withdrawal of study product when a woman becomes pregnant. We assessed the potential impact of withdrawals in four trials by comparing self-reported sexual behavior pre- and post-pregnancy detection: (1) behavior in the month prior to positive pregnancy test versus behavior reported ...
Nanda Surabhi - - 2011
The objective was to examine maternal serum levels of resistin at 11 to 13 weeks' gestation in normal and pathological pregnancies. Serum resistin, pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), and uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) at 11 to 13 weeks were measured in 480 singleton pregnancies, including 240 with normal outcome, ...
Bentata Yassamine - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study was to determine etiologies, risk factors and prognosis of pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (AKI) in an intensive care unit. Methods: Patients included in this retrospective study had a gestational age exceeding 20 weeks of amenorrhea. We defined and classified AKI according to the criteria ...
Koning A M H - - 2012
Based on a presumed negative impact of overweight and obesity on reproductive capacity and pregnancy outcome, some national guidelines and clinicians have argued that there should be an upper limit for a woman's BMI to access assisted reproductive technologies (ART). However, evidence on the risk of complications or expected success ...
Kenny J - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Adolescents with HIV infection acquired perinatally or in early childhood are becoming sexually active, but little is known about fertility and pregnancy outcomes. Multicentre data on pregnancy outcomes in this population are described here. METHODS: A retrospective case note review of pregnant women with perinatal/early acquired HIV infection, conceiving ...
Jarosz Mirosław - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Estimation of the maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and its influence on pregnancy duration, birthweight and Apgar score of the newborn. STUDY DESIGN: The research was conducted on pregnant women who gave birth at the Clinic of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Oncology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw. ...
Bolton S D - - 2011
A 22-year-old primiparous woman with known glycogen storage disease type 3a presented to our hospital during her 12th week of pregnancy. Glycogen storage disease type 3 is a rare inherited disorder resulting from a deficiency of the glycogen debranching enzyme, causing the accumulation of abnormal short-chain glycogen in liver, blood ...
Khalili Mohammad Ali - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Assisted reproductive technology (ART) has become an established and increasingly successful form of treatment for infertility. However, significant numbers of cycles fail after embryo transfer (ET) and it becomes necessary to follow up the infertile couples after failed ART treatments. The main goal was to follow up the infertile ...
Canlorbe Geoffroy - - 2011
: To evaluate the results of management of very early fetal anemia (before 20 weeks of gestation) in cases of red-cell alloimmunization. : Retrospective study of the outcome of all in utero transfusions performed before 20 weeks of gestation and all pregnancies requiring an in utero transfusion before 20 weeks ...
Merchant Shaila - - 2011
Interest in general surgery has declined, and lack of adequate accommodation for pregnancy and parenting may be a deterrent. We explored resident experiences with these issues within a single general surgery program. We surveyed residents enrolled in the University of British Columbia general surgery program from 1997 to 2009 using ...
Roberts Sarah - - 2011
Objective:  To explore the lived experiences and social context prior to becoming pregnant, of women who became mothers during adolescence in rural Victoria. Design:  Qualitative interpretive phenomenological study using semistructured interviews. Setting:  Rural community in North East Victoria, Australia. Participants:  Four rural women who gave birth to a child between ...
Gindes Liat - - 2011
Objectives- The purposes of this study were to identify the fetal hippocampus and fornix using 3-dimensional sonography, to measure their curved length during pregnancy, and to describe a systematic method for volume data set analysis of the fetal hippocampus and fornix. Methods- Three-dimensional volumes of the fetal brain were acquired ...
Jhaveri Mamta B - - 2011
Since the early 1950s clinicians have been concerned about the impact of pregnancy on malignant melanoma (MM). Case reports and case series described a grave prognosis for women diagnosed with MM during pregnancy. Today MM in pregnancy takes on enhanced significance as more women delay childbearing into their 30s and ...
Osava Ruth Hitomi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of cesarean sections in a birth center of a hospital and identify factors associated. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including medical records of 2,441 births assisted in a birth center in the city of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil, between March and April 2005. The dependent variable (type ...
Shalom-Paz Einat - - 2011
Objective.?To identify clinical and embryological factors that may predict success in rescue intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles (after total fertilization failure has occurred) and to evaluate the cost effectiveness of rescue ICSI strategy. Additionally, follow-up of 20 rescue ICSI pregnancies is reported. Design.?Retrospective analysis of total fertilization failure cycles. Setting.?University-based ...
Martinez-Rebollar Maria - - 2011
Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy is critical to preventing human immunodeficiency virus vertical transmission. Physiological changes during pregnancy can alter drug kinetics. The aim of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) of saquinavir (SQV) boosted with ritonavir during pregnancy and postpartum. Fourteen human immunodeficiency virus-positive pregnant women started SQV ...
Feldt-Rasmussen Ulla - - 2011
The endocrinology of pregnancy involves endocrine and metabolic changes as a consequence of physiological alterations at the foetoplacental boundary between mother and foetus. The vast changes in maternal hormones and their binding proteins complicate assessment of the normal level of most hormones during gestation. The neuroendocrine events and their timing ...
Doubilet Peter M - - 2011
The human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) discriminatory level-the maternal serum β-hCG level above which a gestational sac should be consistently visible on sonography in a normal pregnancy--has been reported to be 1000 to 2000 mIU/mL for transvaginal sonography. We assessed whether a woman with a β-hCG above 2000 mIU/mL and no ...
El-Mohandes Ayman A E AA College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, - - 2011
Smoking is the single most preventable cause of perinatal morbidity. This study examines smoking behaviors during pregnancy in a high risk population of African Americans. The study also examines risk factors associated with smoking behaviors and cessation in response to a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention. This study is a ...
Ozen Buğra B Pediatric Dentistry Clinics, Tepebaşı Oral Health Hospital, Ministry of Health of Turkey, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate oral health care knowledge and behavior of women during pregnancy. The study population consisted of 351 mothers with children under 3 months of age who presented at Gülhane Medical Academy's Department of Pediatrics for a routine child check-up. Mothers were asked to ...
Li Hailing - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) had been shown as potential important regulators in pregnancy. Circulating miRNAs are considered as potentially useful non-invasive biomarkers for the diagnosis of pregnancy-related disease and congenital disorders, but maternal peripheral blood miRNAs expression profile in pregnancy remains less investigated. We thus set out to investigate maternal ...
- - 2011
Diagnoses of "complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium" (ICD-9-CM: 630-679) include both morbid complications and indications for routine care of pregnant women. During 2001-2010, U.S. service members with live births (n=156,314) had 1.16 million medical encounters with primary diagnoses of "pregnancy complications". The most frequent diagnoses were "other current ...
Helgadottir Linda B - - 2011
Inherited thrombophilias are probably associated with placenta-mediated pregnancy complications, but the strength of the association between inherited thrombophilias and intrauterine fetal death after 22 gestational weeks varies due to small sample size and different methodologies used across studies. The objective of the present study was to investigate the association of ...
Walfisch Asnat - - 2011
Objective: Women are often exposed to various medications and medical conditions during pregnancy. Unrealistically high maternal teratogenic risk perception, related to these exposures, may lead to abrupt discontinuation of therapy and (or) termination of a wanted pregnancy. The association between maternal depression and the teratogenic risk perception has not been ...
Dalmáz Caroline Abrão - - 2011
The aim of the study was to identify the frequency of risk factors for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in Southern Brazil. The study included 161 patients with hypertensive disorders and 169 control subjects matched by age and ethnicity. The frequency of the risk factors was compared by Fisher's exact test, ...
Nelson Latasha - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of early third-trimester sonography to predict large for gestational age (LGA) birth weights in women with diabetes mellitus. Methods- We identified women with nonanomalous singleton gestations and pregestational and gestational diabetes mellitus who underwent sonographic examinations between gestational ages ...
McGregor Ba - - 2011
To investigate the effects of live weight, sex and other factors on deciduous (first incisor) loss and permanent first incisor development in Angora goats. Goats were part of a pen study on the effects of energy intake in Angora does during pregnancy and lactation on kid growth and development. The ...
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