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Results 301 - 350 of 2304
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Gremeau A-S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the outcome and the feasibility of an elective single embryo transfer (eSET) policy for the first and second IVF/ICSI attempts. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective analysis performed on 611 couples attempting a first IVF cycle in Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, France. eSET was offered to the ...
Parisi Sara M - - 2012
Primary care physicians (PCPs) treat many women of reproductive age who need contraceptive and preconception counseling. To evaluate perceptions of rates of unintended pregnancy, we distributed an online survey in 2009 to 550 PCPs trained in General Internal Medicine or Family Medicine practicing in Western Pennsylvania, Central Pennsylvania, Rhode Island ...
Kosgei Rose J - - 2011
To determine the impact of routine care (RC) and integrated family planning (IFP) and HIV care service on family planning (FP) uptake and pregnancy outcomes. Retrospective cohort study conducted between October 10, 2005, and February 28, 2009. United States Agency for International Development-Academic Model Providing Access To Healthcare (USAID-AMPATH) in ...
Pichini Simona - - 2011
Background:  This study estimated in 7 Italian cities the prevalence of prenatal exposure to ethanol by determining fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs; palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, linolenic, and arachidonic esters) and ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in neonatal meconium samples. Methods:  A total of 607 meconium samples were obtained from neonatal ...
Wu Frank Shao-Ying - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate BPD as an alternative to CRL for the estimation of gestation age in late first trimester pregnancies (between 9th and 13th gestational weeks), and to construct a first trimester reference chart of fetal BPD growth. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study that compared the gestational age estimated by ...
Alvarado Eugenia Antolín - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perinatal outcome of selective termination in dichorionic twins discordant for congenital defect, performed at the Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañon. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-eight dichorionic twins with an anomalous fetus were included from May 2008 to February 2011. Intracardiac KCl (1-2ml; 15mEq/ml) under ultrasonographic guidance was used ...
De Paepe Monique E - - 2012
Recent advances in pulmonary regenerative medicine have increased the demand for alveolar epithelial progenitor cells. Fetal lung tissues from spontaneous pregnancy losses may represent a neglected, yet ethically and societally acceptable source of alveolar epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to determine the regenerative capacity of fetal lungs ...
Allen W R - - 2012
Although considerable variation in per cycle pregnancy rates exists between Thoroughbred (TB) stallions, there is little information on factors that may influence this figure. To assess the influence of month, mare numbers and mating frequency on the fertility of TB stallions standing on studfarms in East Anglia, England. The daily ...
Moretti Myla E - - 2012
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are known to cause fetal renal damage in pregnancy. Due to conflicting reports in the literature, their safety after first trimester exposure has been debated. Our aim was to determine whether the use of ACE inhibitors or ARBs in ...
Djelantik Aaamj - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Djelantik A, Kunst A, van der Wal M, Smit H, Vrijkotte T. Contribution of overweight and obesity to the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in a multi-ethnic cohort: population attributive fractions for Amsterdam. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03205.x. Objective  To estimate the contribution of pre-pregnancy excessive ...
Paavilainen Teemu - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: A positive correlation has been observed between multiple sclerosis (MS) disease activity status and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the brain. Moreover, the relapse frequency of MS has been reported to decrease during pregnancy and increase postpartum. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether ADC histograms ...
Bateman Brian T - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in pregnancy occurs because of a variety of etiologies, which range from ruptured aneurysms to benign venous bleeding. The more malignant etiologies represent an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. We sought to investigate the epidemiology and mechanisms of pregnancy-related SAH. METHODS:: Using the Nationwide ...
Chang Howard H - - 2011
Exposure to air pollution during pregnancy has been suggested to be a risk factor for preterm birth; however, epidemiologic evidence remains mixed and limited. The authors examined the association between ambient levels of particulate matter <2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(2.5)) and the risk of preterm birth in North Carolina ...
Ouhilal Sophia - - 2012
Alterations in insulin signaling as well as insulin action predispose to infertility as well as adverse pregnancy outcomes; however, little is known about the role of glucagon signaling in reproduction. The glucagon receptor knockout (Gcgr(-/-)) mouse created by our laboratory was used to define the role of glucagon signaling in ...
Wang Alice - - 2012
To test the hypothesis that high circulating concentrations of maternal anti-angiogenic factors are associated with increased risk of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). This is a nested case-control study of nulliparous women who delivered less than 37 weeks of gestation within the Calcium for Preeclampsia Prevention (CPEP) trial. The study included ...
Gavin Amelia R - - 2012
Numerous studies find that socially disadvantaged women are more likely than socially advantaged women to deliver infants that weigh less than normal and/or are born weeks prior to their due date. However, little is known about the pathways that link maternal social disadvantage to birth outcomes. Using data from a ...
Tuin J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE.: ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) is infrequently seen in women of fertile age. Only a limited number of pregnancies in women with AAV have been reported, often associated with complications. METHOD.: Single-center retrospective observational study. All pregnancies in women with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (n = 13) and microscopic polyangiitis (n = ...
Kerns Jennifer - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe how women terminating a pregnancy for fetal or maternal complications decide between surgical (dilation and evacuation [D&E]) and medical abortion. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted among women who underwent D&E or medical abortion before 24weeks of gestation for fetal anomalies or pregnancy complications at an academic ...
Daw Jamie R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Owing to the paucity of evidence available on the risks and benefits of drug use in pregnancy, the use of prescription medicines is a concern for both pregnant women and their health care providers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the frequency, timing, and type of ...
McGready R R Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot, Tak, - - 2012
The effects of malaria and its treatment in the first trimester of pregnancy remain an area of concern. We aimed to assess the outcome of malaria-exposed and malaria-unexposed first-trimester pregnancies of women from the Thai-Burmese border and compare outcomes after chloroquine-based, quinine-based, or artemisinin-based treatments. We analysed all antenatal records ...
Vanky Eszter - - 2012
To explore the possible effect of metformin on maternal and fetal androgens and antimüllerian hormone (AMH) levels at birth and to study the predictors of maternal and fetal AMH levels. Substudy of a randomized controlled trial (the PregMet study). University hospital. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and their newborns ...
Phipps Maureen G - - 2011
Unintended pregnancy and associated behaviors may play a substantial role in the increased risk of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with teen pregnancy. We evaluate a multi-dimensional measure of pregnancy intention among pregnant adolescents and quantify the association between intention dimensions and adverse outcomes and risk behaviors. Pregnancy intention ...
Amann C - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the spectrum of underlying diseases in cases of fetal anemia in which the cause was unknown at the time of first and second transfusion or thereafter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent intrauterine transfusion were identified in the perinatal databases of two tertiary referral centers for ...
Burton G J - - 2011
The placenta evolved to support development of the fetus, and so potentially plays a key role in the aetiology of developmental programming through its impact on nutrient transfer. Placental transport efficiency depends on a variety of parameters, including surface area for exchange, thickness of the interhaemal membrane and density of ...
Ulrich D - - 2011
PURPOSE: Excessive fetal fat as the hallmark of GDM pregnancy complications is one consequence of fetal hyperinsulinism. Noninvasive methods for fetal surveillance and measurement of fetal fat are needed. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that measurements of the fetal anterior abdominal wall thickness (AAWT) in ...
Zhu Xiaoming - - 2011
Objectives. This study was undertaken to investigate the expression pattern of human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) during normal placentation and determine whether altered expression of HLA-G is associated with severe preeclampsia. Methods. We investigated HLA-G protein levels in first (n = 27), second (n = 7), and third trimester placentas (n ...
Mikat Barbara - - 2011
Objective. The aim of our study was to investigate a possible correlation between the expression of the placenta-secreted hormones, β-subunit of human chorionic gonadotrophin (βhCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), during the first trimester screening and the development of preeclampsia. Methods. A total of 155 patients between 11 + ...
Tingström Joanna - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: congenital heart block may develop in the fetus of women with Ro/SSA autoantibodies. The aim of this study was to investigate how women expecting a child with congenital heart block (CHB) experienced their pregnancy and post-partum period. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: women giving birth to a child with CHB ...
Redmer D A - - 2011
When pregnant adolescent sheep are overnourished during pregnancy normal nutrient partitioning priorities to the gravid uterus are altered, leading to impaired placental development and fetal growth restriction. We hypothesized that decreasing dietary intake in overnourished dams during the final third of gestation may reverse this inappropriate nutrient partitioning in favor ...
Ondersma Steven J - - 2012
Implementation of evidence-based interventions for smoking during pregnancy is challenging. We developed 2 highly replicable interventions for smoking during pregnancy: (a) a computer-delivered 5As-based brief intervention (CD-5As) and (b) a computer-assisted, simplified, and low-intensity contingency management (CM-Lite). A sample of 110 primarily Black pregnant women reporting smoking in the past ...
Kuypers Elke - - 2012
The proinflammatory stimulus of chorioamnionitis is commonly associated with preterm delivery. Women at risk of preterm delivery receive antenatal glucocorticoids to functionally mature the fetal lung. However, the effects of the combined exposures of chorioamnionitis and antenatal glucocorticoids on the fetus are poorly understood. Time-mated ewes with singleton fetuses received ...
Sabers A - - 2012
Treatment with lamotrigine (LTG) during pregnancy is associated with a pronounced risk of seizure deterioration, because pregnancy accelerates LTG elimination. The extent to which pregnancy affects LTG pharmacokinetics is unpredictable and varies considerably among patients. We propose an algorithm for systematic LTG plasma concentration monitoring and dose adjustment to guide ...
Duong Hai Thanh - - 2011
To determine whether glucocorticoids affect the function of the bovine corpus luteum (CL) during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy, we examined the effects of exogenous cortisol or reduced endogenous cortisol on the secretion of progesterone (P4) and on pregnancy rate. In preliminary experiments, doses of cortisol and metyrapone (an ...
Zenner Dominik - - 2011
Objective Tuberculosis (TB) disease adversely affects mother and child, and strategies to control TB in this group are important. The aim of this study was to analyse the epidemiology of TB in pregnancy, and establish whether pregnancy is an independent risk factor for TB. Methods The UK-wide cohort study was ...
Khalil A A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the nitric oxide (NO) pathway is altered in pregnancies that develop preeclampsia (PE). This was a nested case-control study of screening for PE, in which plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), L-arginine and L-homoarginine were measured at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks. In all, 75 pregnancies ...
Schramel Johannes - - 2011
The regional distribution of ventilation in conscious standing pregnant Shetland pony mares was investigated by Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT). Six ponies were repeatedly examined a minimum of four weeks prior to (antepartum, AP) until three weeks after parturition (postpartum, PP). From the cross-sectional ventilation image the ventral to dorsal (V/D), ...
Hoellen Friederike - - 2011
Objective: To elaborate the antenatal sonographic findings of fetuses with the suspicion of fetal akinesia, thereby focusing on the accuracy of prenatal differentiation between subtypes of fetal akinesia, namely Pena-Shokeir phenotype (PSP) and arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC). Methods: We herein present our experience of 21 patients with PSP and AMC ...
Bredaki Foteini E - - 2011
Objective: To establish a reference distribution of maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) at 11-13 weeks' gestation and define the contribution of maternal variables that influence the measured concentration of AFP. Methods: Serum concentration of AFP at 11-13 weeks was measured in 1,500 singleton pregnancies which were not complicated by hypertensive disorders ...
Rahman Md Saidur - - 2011
The diameter of the preovulatory follicle (POF) and its effects on subsequent corpus luteum (CL) size and conception were studied in 38 lactating indigenous cycling buffaloes in the Mymensingh district of Bangladesh. Body condition score (BCS) at estrus was estimated for the buffaloes. The buffaloes were synchronized with two injections ...
Chang Eun Mi - - 2012
To verify whether a novel protocol administering E(2) during the luteal phase of the preceding cycle and during ovarian stimulation in GnRH antagonist cycle could enhance follicular response and hence improve outcomes in poor responders. In this retrospective analysis, a total of 155 poor responder patients subjected to IVF/ICSI were ...
Bodnar Lisa M - - 2012
Major depressive disorder (MDD) during pregnancy increases the risk of adverse maternal and infant outcomes. Maternal nutritional status may be a modifiable risk factor for antenatal depression. We evaluated the association between patterns in mid-pregnancy nutritional biomarkers and MDD. Prospective cohort study. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Women who enrolled at ≤20 ...
Harvey N N MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, - - 2012
In this large, population-based, prospective, mother-offspring cohort study, maternal long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) status during pregnancy was found to be positively associated with bone mass in the offspring at age 4 years. The findings suggest that variation in intrauterine exposure to n-3 and n-6 LCPUFAs may have potential consequences ...
Costet Nathalie - - 2011
Although prenatal exposure to water disinfection by-products does not appear to affect the duration of gestation, its impact on fetal growth remains an open question. The authors studied the associations between prenatal exposure to disinfection by-products and fetal growth restriction (FGR) and preterm birth in the PELAGIE cohort, a French ...
Sultan Alyshah Abdul - - 2011
Knowledge of the absolute and relative risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in and around pregnancy would be crucial in identifying when to commence and cease thromboprophylaxis in women who would benefit from such intervention. We addressed this hypothesis using a large prospective primary care database from the United Kingdom, containing ...
Kaser Daniel J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of fragmented oocytes in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles, describe the developmental potential of their sibling oocytes, and define clinical outcomes from affected cycles. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): All ICSI cycles from January 2006 to December 2010 (n = 2,844) were ...
Medici Marco - - 2011
Context:Abnormal maternal thyroid parameters are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, with consequences for both mother and child. Although various studies have studied maternal thyroid parameters during the first half of pregnancy, little is known about their relations with thyroid parameters of the child.Objective:The objective was to study maternal thyroid parameters ...
Richardson Ashley R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception (EC) is used to prevent unintended pregnancies. The current gold standard for oral EC is levonorgestrel (LNG) administered as a single 1.5-mg dose or in 2 doses of 0.75 mg separated by 12 hours. LNG has shown to be effective up to 72 hours after coitus. Ulipristal ...
Torche Florencia - - 2012
Previous research suggests that maternal exposure to acute stress has a negative impact on the duration of pregnancy, and that this effect may vary by the time of exposure. It has also been proposed that stress exposure reduces the ratio of male-to-female births. To date, no study has jointly examined ...
Toblli J E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) can severely impair the outcome of pregnancy. IDA has been shown to cause oxidative stress, which may be exacerbated by oral iron therapy. In this study, the effects of IDA and its treatment with iron polymaltose complex/folic acid (IPC/FA) were examined in anemic pregnant rats, ...
Sawicki Emilia - - 2011
Aims:  The safety of preventive asthma medicines during pregnancy has already been established. The aim of this study was to assess asthma management by women during pregnancy. Methods:  Pregnant women attending the out-patient clinics of an Australian maternity hospital completed a questionnaire about their asthma medication use and symptoms. Parameters ...
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