Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2316
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Prick Babette W - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Untreated maternal phenylketonuria or hyperphenylalaninemia may result in nonphenylketonuric offspring with neonatal sequelae, especially intellectual disability, microcephaly, and congenital heart disease (CHD). Dietary treatment to control phenylalanine concentrations can prevent these sequelae. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to present an overview of reported pregnancy complications and neonatal sequelae of maternal phenylketonuria ...
van Esch Edith M G - - 2011
Objectives Endometrial resection is a procedure often performed for treatment of menorrhagia. Despite the fact that amenorrhoea frequently ensues, some normal endometrium can remain present and become the implantation site of a pregnancy. Such an event is uncommon (0.7%); however, the likelihood of an ectopic pregnancy is increased. This case ...
Higgins Stephen T ST Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, University Health Center Campus, 1 S. Prospect St, Burlington, VT 05401, USA. - - 2012
Smoking during pregnancy is the leading preventable cause of poor pregnancy outcomes in the U.S., causing serious immediate and longer-term adverse effects for mothers and offspring. In this report we provide a narrative review of research on the use of financial incentives to promote abstinence from cigarette smoking during pregnancy, ...
Mudd Lanay M LM Dept of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, - - 2012
Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is recommended during pregnancy and has been associated with lower risk of delivering a large infant. We sought to characterize the effect of LTPA across the entire birth weight distribution. Women enrolled in the Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health (POUCH) Study (1998-2004) were followed-up in 2007. ...
Chemes Héctor E - - 2012
This article presents an update on the variable prognostic significance of different sperm pathologies in patients with severe male factor infertility due to morphology and motility disorders. Severe asthenozoospermia is one of the leading causes of male infertility as spermatozoa cannot reach the oocyte and/or penetrate normally. Identifying structural causes ...
Hronek Miloslav - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary intake of energy and nutrients (DIEN) of Czech pregnant women and to assess relationships with body size variables during pregnancy. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-two randomly recruited healthy pregnant Czech women, who were normoglycemic, euthyroid, nonsmokers, not anemic, and ...
Kuru Oguzhan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes among women with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). METHODS: In a university hospital and a research and training hospital, a retrospective cohort study was conducted among women with singleton deliveries between 2003 and 2011. Maternal outcomes evaluated included gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, cesarean delivery. Neonatal ...
Paulesu L - - 2011
Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in several aspects of the immune response. MIF appears to play important roles in materno-fetal immuno-tolerance during placental establishment, modulation and growth as studied in epitheliochorial porcine and hemochorial human and mouse placentae. Here we studied the bovine placenta being ...
Kraus Thomas A - - 2011
PURPOSE: The increased risk of morbidity and mortality from certain microbial infections and the demonstrated improvements in the clinical course of some autoimmune diseases support the existence of pregnancy-related alterations in immune status. Elucidating the changes in innate and adaptive immunity during gestation may improve pregnancy outcomes and facilitate the ...
Tinoco-Magaña Juan Carlos - - 2011
The aim of the present work was to evaluate milk yield, postpartum (pp) ovarian activity and pregnancy rate in dual-purpose cows grazing Cynodon nlemfuensis and browsing L. leucocephala, with or without energy supplementation. Twenty-four Bos taurus × B. indicus cows were divided in two groups from calving to 70 days post-calving: ...
Miyoshi Takekazu - - 2011
Background: There are few large studies of fetal congenital bradyarrhythmia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects and risks of transplacental treatment for this condition. Methods and Results: Using questionnaires, 128 cases of fetal bradyarrhythmia were identified at 52 Japanese institutions from 2002 to 2008. Of ...
Lopriore E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the placental characteristics in monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies with and without birth weight discordance (BWD). METHODS: We performed a matched case-control study to compare the placental characteristics of MC placentas from pregnancies with BWD (≥25%) (n = 47) with a control group of MC placentas without BWD (n = 47), matched ...
Scheier Matthias - - 2011
Objectives: To determine the outcome of twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence treated with or scheduled for treatment with interstitial laser therapy. Methods: This is a retrospective study on ten pregnancies diagnosed with TRAP sequence. Seven of the ten pregnancies were treated with interstitial laser therapy, and two pregnancies were ...
Luo Shuoming - - 2011
To clarify the detailed distribution, clinical and immunological features of patients with fulminant type 1 diabetes (F1D), we consecutively investigated 53 cases from nationwide 24 hospitals in China. After the clinical and immunological features were evaluated, we compared pregnancy-associated F1D (PF) with those of child-bearing age with F1D that was ...
Provencher M - - 2012
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAA) system is markedly activated in pregnancy. We evaluated if mineralocorticoid receptors (MR), a major component of the RAA system, are involved in the reduced vascular reactivity associated with pregnancy. Canrenoate (MR antagonist; 20 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1)) was administered to nonpregnant (NP) rats for 7 days and to pregnant rats ...
Nasef Noha Ahmed - - 2012
Several studies have reported on the association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth. The exact mechanisms of action are unclear; however, several pathways and processes are involved in both IBD and pregnancy that may help explain this. In this review, we discuss the ...
Agrawal Varkha - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the impact of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and their receptors during preimplantation days of pregnancy. The PBS or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was injected intraperitoneally in the pregnant females on day 0.5 of pregnancy and serum, embryos, ovaries ...
Singh Sareena - - 2011
Objective: To determine whether potassium chloride (KCl)-induced feticide prior to termination by dilation and evacuation (D&E) improves surgical outcome. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of women who underwent second-trimester (13 0/7 to 23 6/7 weeks) D&E at an urban university-based hospital between January 2000 and July 2010. Women were ...
Khan Hamayun - - 2011
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is a key regulator of angiogenesis and embryogenesis in the mammalian reproductive process. Here, we attempted to clarify the expression and localization of inducible and endothelial NOS (iNOS and eNOS) in the developing rabbit placenta. Real-time RT-PCR analysis indicated that iNOS mRNA was significantly upregulated during ...
Coletta Jaclyn - - 2012
Electronic fetal heart rate monitoring was developed to identify fetuses at risk of acidemia for intervention before adverse outcomes. Our objective was to compare the 3-tier system with a 5-tier system in evaluation of fetal acidemia. Retrospective case-control study of patients with a fetal arterial pH <7 matched to the ...
Li Jian - - 2011
To analyze the association between fetal brain growth and late gestational blood serum cortisol in normal pregnancy. Blood total cortisol was quantified at delivery in 432 Chinese mother/child pairs. Key inclusion criteria of the cohort was: no structural anomalies of the newborn, singleton pregnancy, no alcohol abuse, no drug abuse ...
Khandaker G M - - 2012
Maternal obesity in pregnancy has been linked with several adverse outcomes in offspring including schizophrenia. The rising prevalence of obesity may contribute to an increase in the number of schizophrenia cases in the near future; therefore, it warrants further exploration. We reviewed current evidence regarding maternal body mass index (BMI) ...
Scifres Christina M - - 2011
Context:Serum fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) is associated with components of the metabolic syndrome in nonpregnant individuals, including dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. Preeclampsia shares many features with the metabolic syndrome, but the relationship between early pregnancy serum FABP4 levels and the development of preeclampsia is unknown.Objective:The aim of the ...
Hayatbakhsh Mohammad R - - 2012
Introduction:This study aimed to examine the association between cannabis use before and during pregnancy and birth outcomes.Results:Overall, 26.3% of women reported previous use of cannabis and 2.6% reported current use. Multivariate analysis, controlling for potential confounders, including tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and use of other illicit drugs, showed that cannabis ...
Jacob J C F - - 2011
In the present study, 809 uterine flushes and 454 embryo transfers performed in mares over a 4-yr interval were examined to evaluate the effects of: (1) the day of embryo collection on recovery rates; (2) the degree of synchrony between donor and recipient mares on pregnancy rates; (3) the recipient ...
Toh-Adam Rusleena - - 2012
To clarify the relationship between maternal height and cesarean rate due to cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) in singleton pregnancies among ethnic groups of relatively short stature. A retrospective cohort study was performed on Thai singleton pregnancies at gestational age of more than 34 weeks. Logistic regression analysis was performed to correlate ...
Cardaropoli Simona S Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, University of Turin, Turin 10126, Italy. - - 2011
To better understand the pathogenic role of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in pre-eclampsia (PE), and whether it is associated or not with fetal growth retardation (FGR). Maternal blood samples were collected from 62 consecutive pregnant women with a diagnosis of PE and/or FGR, and from 49 women with uneventful pregnancies ...
Sousa Mário - - 2011
PURPOSE: To present our experience using slow-freezing from 2005 to 2008, with subsequent newborn outcomes after transfer of thawed blastocysts. METHODS: There were 148 cycles programmed for frozen blastocyst transfer, which resulted in 142 embryo transfers. Blastocysts were cultured in sequential media, and programmed slow-freezing was performed in an apparatus ...
Braun Beate C - - 2011
Relaxin acts as a pregnancy specific signal in feline species, but specific information about protein structure and binding is essential for the improvement of pregnancy diagnosis in endangered feline species, like the Iberian lynx. To generate a felid-specific relaxin antibody, the DNA and protein sequences of lynx and cat were ...
González Félix H Díaz - - 2011
Eleven Murciano-Granadina goats in late pregnancy were separated into two groups (1) control (n=6) and (2) fasting for 72h to induce pregnancy toxaemia (n=5). Venous blood was taken daily to determine acid-base and electrolyte parameters. Significant decreases in blood pH, bicarbonate concentration and base excess, and a significant increase in ...
Cheong S H - - 2011
The objective was to evaluate if uterine sampling by low-volume uterine lavage, done shortly before the end of the voluntary waiting period, affected reproductive performance, milk production, or culling. Approximately 20 cows (40 and 60 d postpartum) were sampled in each of 38 herds (total, 752 cows), whereas all remaining ...
Chung Judith H - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and adverse pregnancy outcomes using a large administrative database. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of California women delivering singletons in 2007. The association between pre-pregnancy BMI category and adverse outcomes were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression. Results: Among 436,414 ...
Blitshteyn Svetlana - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Postural Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS), a disorder of the autonomic nervous system, predominantly occurs in women of child-bearing age. We set out to determine the clinical course and maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnant women with preexisting POTS Methods: Participants were asked to complete a detailed questionnaire assessing the ...
Paul Ryan G - - 2011
Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) in pregnancy may be associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Medical management of pHPT in pregnancy is limited, and surgery is the only definitive therapeutic option. The ideal timing for surgery is mid-second trimester, but surgery may also be safely performed in the third ...
Loureiro Teresa - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine if in fetuses with open spina bifida at 11-13 weeks' gestation there are alterations in the cerebral ventricular system. METHODS: In this study we selected 10 cases of open spina bifida and 410 normal singleton pregnancies which subsequently resulted in the delivery of phenotypically normal neonates. In ...
Axell Richard - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of measurement variability using different ultrasound machine/probe combinations on the accuracy of pregnancy dating. METHODS: 10 and 40mm lateral, and 10 and 50mm axial spaced targets were measured within an ultrasound phantom (CIRS Model 040, Norfolk, Virginia, USA). Seven 2D trans abdominal (TA), three 3D ...
Fürtbauer Ines - - 2011
In placental mammals, pregnancy usually is associated with an increase in maternal androgens, which may significantly impact fetal growth and differentiation, and affect postnatal development and behavior. Owing to their slow life histories and challenging social conditions, determination of maternal androgens and potential interference effects of fetal androgen production are ...
Romero Roberto - - 2012
Fetal hypoxemia has been proposed to be one of the mechanisms of preterm labor (PTL) and delivery. This may have clinical implications since it may alter: (i) the method/frequency of fetal surveillance and (ii) the indications and duration of tocolysis to an already compromised fetus. The aim of this study ...
Wibowo Noroyono - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether supplementation with vitamin B(6) improves nausea and/or vomiting in pregnancy. METHODS: This experimental study was conducted with 60 pregnant women experiencing nausea and/or vomiting prior to the 12th gestational week. Of these women, 30 were treated daily with 10mg and the remaining 30 with 1.28mg of ...
Mutsaerts M A Q - - 2011
BACKGROUNDBoth maternal and paternal factors have been suggested to influence a couple's fecundity. To investigate this, we examined the role of several maternal and paternal lifestyle and socio-demographic factors as determinants of time to pregnancy (TTP) in a Dutch birth-cohort.METHODSGroningen Expert Center for Kids with Obesity (GECKO) Drenthe is a ...
Magann Everett F - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of the present study was to compare the two normative datasets of amniotic fluid volume (AFV). Material and Methods:  The similarity of the two datasets to classify AFV as oligohydramnios, normal, and polyhydramnios based on fixed cut-offs, stratified by gestational ages (<24 weeks, 24-33(6/7) , 34-36(6/7) , and ...
Haavaldsen C - - 2011
BACKGROUNDPregnancies conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART) are at increased risk of adverse outcomes. Previous studies have suggested increased placental weight and increased placental weight/birthweight ratio in pregnancies associated with adverse outcomes. We therefore studied the association of ART with placental weight and placental weight/birthweight ratio.METHODSWe included all singleton births ...
Yazdani Brojeni P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Interferon alpha (IFN) is an effective treatment for a variety of conditions including essential thrombocythemia (ET), chronic myelocytic leukemia, Hepatitis B and C. Because these conditions also occur in women of childbearing age who may become pregnant, information regarding the safety of this medication in pregnancy is essential. This ...
Hoh Jeong-Kyu - - 2011
Aim:  The purpose of the present study was to compare and analyze differences in antepartal fetal heart rate (FHR) parameters during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes in normal fetuses and fetuses with nuchal cord (NC). Material and Methods:  We surveyed all non-stress test (NST) data acquired using a computerized FHR analysis ...
Abu Hashim Hatem - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate pregnancy rates with letrozole and clomiphene citrate alone for superovulation in an intrauterine insemination program for women with recently surgically treated minimal to mild endometriosis. Design. A randomized controlled trial following the CONSORT criteria. Setting: University teaching hospital and a private practice setting. Patients. 136 women with ...
Sugulle Meryam - - 2011
Preeclampsia is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), a precursor of the atrial natriuretic peptide, is a biomarker for cardiovascular disease. We obtained plasma from 184 pregnant women in gestational weeks 24 to 42 (normotensive pregnancies: n=77, preeclampsia: n=107), from 25 of these women ...
Gilbert J S - - 2011
While utero-placental insufficiency is associated with adverse outcomes for both mother and fetus, many of the maternal-fetal adaptations during pregnancy in models of fetal compromise remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine if chronically reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) during days 14-19 of gestation alters feto-placental growth ...
Abd El Aal Diaa E M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the protocol used for management of eclampsia at Assiut University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt. METHODS: In a prospective cross-sectional study, data were collected from 1998 women treated for eclampsia at Assiut University Hospital between January 1990 and January 2010, including 1594 cases of prepartum eclampsia, 75 of intrapartum ...
Lewis Christa M - - 2011
A multitude of uterine-sparing prolapse repairs exist in the literature, but little is published on subsequent pregnancy and long-term success following a repair. A 35-year-old gravida 2 para 2 underwent laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy and suburethral sling for stage III prolapse and stress urinary incontinence. She conceived 6 months postprocedure. Her antepartum course ...
Li Na - - 2011
This study evaluated the effect of transvaginal ultrasound-guided embryo aspiration plus local administration of low-dose methotrexate (MTX) on caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). Sixty-eight cases of CSP were randomly grouped for (1) systemic administration of MTX plus curettage with hysteroscopy (control group); and (2) transvaginal ultrasound-guided embryo aspiration plus local administration ...
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