Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2304
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Scheier Matthias - - 2011
Objectives: To determine the outcome of twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence treated with or scheduled for treatment with interstitial laser therapy. Methods: This is a retrospective study on ten pregnancies diagnosed with TRAP sequence. Seven of the ten pregnancies were treated with interstitial laser therapy, and two pregnancies were ...
Luo Shuoming - - 2011
To clarify the detailed distribution, clinical and immunological features of patients with fulminant type 1 diabetes (F1D), we consecutively investigated 53 cases from nationwide 24 hospitals in China. After the clinical and immunological features were evaluated, we compared pregnancy-associated F1D (PF) with those of child-bearing age with F1D that was ...
Provencher M - - 2012
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAA) system is markedly activated in pregnancy. We evaluated if mineralocorticoid receptors (MR), a major component of the RAA system, are involved in the reduced vascular reactivity associated with pregnancy. Canrenoate (MR antagonist; 20 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1)) was administered to nonpregnant (NP) rats for 7 days and to pregnant rats ...
Nasef Noha Ahmed - - 2012
Several studies have reported on the association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth. The exact mechanisms of action are unclear; however, several pathways and processes are involved in both IBD and pregnancy that may help explain this. In this review, we discuss the ...
Agrawal Varkha - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the impact of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and their receptors during preimplantation days of pregnancy. The PBS or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was injected intraperitoneally in the pregnant females on day 0.5 of pregnancy and serum, embryos, ovaries ...
Singh Sareena - - 2011
Objective: To determine whether potassium chloride (KCl)-induced feticide prior to termination by dilation and evacuation (D&E) improves surgical outcome. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of women who underwent second-trimester (13 0/7 to 23 6/7 weeks) D&E at an urban university-based hospital between January 2000 and July 2010. Women were ...
Khan Hamayun - - 2011
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is a key regulator of angiogenesis and embryogenesis in the mammalian reproductive process. Here, we attempted to clarify the expression and localization of inducible and endothelial NOS (iNOS and eNOS) in the developing rabbit placenta. Real-time RT-PCR analysis indicated that iNOS mRNA was significantly upregulated during ...
Coletta Jaclyn - - 2012
Electronic fetal heart rate monitoring was developed to identify fetuses at risk of acidemia for intervention before adverse outcomes. Our objective was to compare the 3-tier system with a 5-tier system in evaluation of fetal acidemia. Retrospective case-control study of patients with a fetal arterial pH <7 matched to the ...
Li Jian - - 2011
To analyze the association between fetal brain growth and late gestational blood serum cortisol in normal pregnancy. Blood total cortisol was quantified at delivery in 432 Chinese mother/child pairs. Key inclusion criteria of the cohort was: no structural anomalies of the newborn, singleton pregnancy, no alcohol abuse, no drug abuse ...
Khandaker G M - - 2012
Maternal obesity in pregnancy has been linked with several adverse outcomes in offspring including schizophrenia. The rising prevalence of obesity may contribute to an increase in the number of schizophrenia cases in the near future; therefore, it warrants further exploration. We reviewed current evidence regarding maternal body mass index (BMI) ...
Scifres Christina M - - 2011
Context:Serum fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) is associated with components of the metabolic syndrome in nonpregnant individuals, including dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. Preeclampsia shares many features with the metabolic syndrome, but the relationship between early pregnancy serum FABP4 levels and the development of preeclampsia is unknown.Objective:The aim of the ...
Hayatbakhsh Mohammad R - - 2012
Introduction:This study aimed to examine the association between cannabis use before and during pregnancy and birth outcomes.Results:Overall, 26.3% of women reported previous use of cannabis and 2.6% reported current use. Multivariate analysis, controlling for potential confounders, including tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and use of other illicit drugs, showed that cannabis ...
Jacob J C F - - 2011
In the present study, 809 uterine flushes and 454 embryo transfers performed in mares over a 4-yr interval were examined to evaluate the effects of: (1) the day of embryo collection on recovery rates; (2) the degree of synchrony between donor and recipient mares on pregnancy rates; (3) the recipient ...
Toh-Adam Rusleena - - 2012
To clarify the relationship between maternal height and cesarean rate due to cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) in singleton pregnancies among ethnic groups of relatively short stature. A retrospective cohort study was performed on Thai singleton pregnancies at gestational age of more than 34 weeks. Logistic regression analysis was performed to correlate ...
Cardaropoli Simona - - 2011
To better understand the pathogenic role of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in pre-eclampsia (PE), and whether it is associated or not with fetal growth retardation (FGR). Maternal blood samples were collected from 62 consecutive pregnant women with a diagnosis of PE and/or FGR, and from 49 women with uneventful pregnancies ...
Sousa Mário - - 2011
PURPOSE: To present our experience using slow-freezing from 2005 to 2008, with subsequent newborn outcomes after transfer of thawed blastocysts. METHODS: There were 148 cycles programmed for frozen blastocyst transfer, which resulted in 142 embryo transfers. Blastocysts were cultured in sequential media, and programmed slow-freezing was performed in an apparatus ...
Braun Beate C - - 2011
Relaxin acts as a pregnancy specific signal in feline species, but specific information about protein structure and binding is essential for the improvement of pregnancy diagnosis in endangered feline species, like the Iberian lynx. To generate a felid-specific relaxin antibody, the DNA and protein sequences of lynx and cat were ...
González Félix H Díaz - - 2011
Eleven Murciano-Granadina goats in late pregnancy were separated into two groups (1) control (n=6) and (2) fasting for 72h to induce pregnancy toxaemia (n=5). Venous blood was taken daily to determine acid-base and electrolyte parameters. Significant decreases in blood pH, bicarbonate concentration and base excess, and a significant increase in ...
Cheong S H - - 2011
The objective was to evaluate if uterine sampling by low-volume uterine lavage, done shortly before the end of the voluntary waiting period, affected reproductive performance, milk production, or culling. Approximately 20 cows (40 and 60 d postpartum) were sampled in each of 38 herds (total, 752 cows), whereas all remaining ...
Chung Judith H - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and adverse pregnancy outcomes using a large administrative database. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of California women delivering singletons in 2007. The association between pre-pregnancy BMI category and adverse outcomes were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression. Results: Among 436,414 ...
Blitshteyn Svetlana - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Postural Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS), a disorder of the autonomic nervous system, predominantly occurs in women of child-bearing age. We set out to determine the clinical course and maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnant women with preexisting POTS Methods: Participants were asked to complete a detailed questionnaire assessing the ...
Paul Ryan G - - 2011
Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) in pregnancy may be associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Medical management of pHPT in pregnancy is limited, and surgery is the only definitive therapeutic option. The ideal timing for surgery is mid-second trimester, but surgery may also be safely performed in the third ...
Loureiro Teresa - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine if in fetuses with open spina bifida at 11-13 weeks' gestation there are alterations in the cerebral ventricular system. METHODS: In this study we selected 10 cases of open spina bifida and 410 normal singleton pregnancies which subsequently resulted in the delivery of phenotypically normal neonates. In ...
Axell Richard - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of measurement variability using different ultrasound machine/probe combinations on the accuracy of pregnancy dating. METHODS: 10 and 40mm lateral, and 10 and 50mm axial spaced targets were measured within an ultrasound phantom (CIRS Model 040, Norfolk, Virginia, USA). Seven 2D trans abdominal (TA), three 3D ...
Fürtbauer Ines - - 2011
In placental mammals, pregnancy usually is associated with an increase in maternal androgens, which may significantly impact fetal growth and differentiation, and affect postnatal development and behavior. Owing to their slow life histories and challenging social conditions, determination of maternal androgens and potential interference effects of fetal androgen production are ...
Romero Roberto - - 2012
Fetal hypoxemia has been proposed to be one of the mechanisms of preterm labor (PTL) and delivery. This may have clinical implications since it may alter: (i) the method/frequency of fetal surveillance and (ii) the indications and duration of tocolysis to an already compromised fetus. The aim of this study ...
Wibowo Noroyono - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether supplementation with vitamin B(6) improves nausea and/or vomiting in pregnancy. METHODS: This experimental study was conducted with 60 pregnant women experiencing nausea and/or vomiting prior to the 12th gestational week. Of these women, 30 were treated daily with 10mg and the remaining 30 with 1.28mg of ...
Mutsaerts M A Q - - 2011
BACKGROUNDBoth maternal and paternal factors have been suggested to influence a couple's fecundity. To investigate this, we examined the role of several maternal and paternal lifestyle and socio-demographic factors as determinants of time to pregnancy (TTP) in a Dutch birth-cohort.METHODSGroningen Expert Center for Kids with Obesity (GECKO) Drenthe is a ...
Magann Everett F - - 2011
Aim:  The aim of the present study was to compare the two normative datasets of amniotic fluid volume (AFV). Material and Methods:  The similarity of the two datasets to classify AFV as oligohydramnios, normal, and polyhydramnios based on fixed cut-offs, stratified by gestational ages (<24 weeks, 24-33(6/7) , 34-36(6/7) , and ...
Haavaldsen C - - 2011
BACKGROUNDPregnancies conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART) are at increased risk of adverse outcomes. Previous studies have suggested increased placental weight and increased placental weight/birthweight ratio in pregnancies associated with adverse outcomes. We therefore studied the association of ART with placental weight and placental weight/birthweight ratio.METHODSWe included all singleton births ...
Yazdani Brojeni P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Interferon alpha (IFN) is an effective treatment for a variety of conditions including essential thrombocythemia (ET), chronic myelocytic leukemia, Hepatitis B and C. Because these conditions also occur in women of childbearing age who may become pregnant, information regarding the safety of this medication in pregnancy is essential. This ...
Hoh Jeong-Kyu - - 2011
Aim:  The purpose of the present study was to compare and analyze differences in antepartal fetal heart rate (FHR) parameters during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes in normal fetuses and fetuses with nuchal cord (NC). Material and Methods:  We surveyed all non-stress test (NST) data acquired using a computerized FHR analysis ...
Abu Hashim Hatem - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate pregnancy rates with letrozole and clomiphene citrate alone for superovulation in an intrauterine insemination program for women with recently surgically treated minimal to mild endometriosis. Design. A randomized controlled trial following the CONSORT criteria. Setting: University teaching hospital and a private practice setting. Patients. 136 women with ...
Sugulle Meryam - - 2011
Preeclampsia is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), a precursor of the atrial natriuretic peptide, is a biomarker for cardiovascular disease. We obtained plasma from 184 pregnant women in gestational weeks 24 to 42 (normotensive pregnancies: n=77, preeclampsia: n=107), from 25 of these women ...
Gilbert J S - - 2011
While utero-placental insufficiency is associated with adverse outcomes for both mother and fetus, many of the maternal-fetal adaptations during pregnancy in models of fetal compromise remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine if chronically reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) during days 14-19 of gestation alters feto-placental growth ...
Abd El Aal Diaa E M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the protocol used for management of eclampsia at Assiut University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt. METHODS: In a prospective cross-sectional study, data were collected from 1998 women treated for eclampsia at Assiut University Hospital between January 1990 and January 2010, including 1594 cases of prepartum eclampsia, 75 of intrapartum ...
Lewis Christa M - - 2011
A multitude of uterine-sparing prolapse repairs exist in the literature, but little is published on subsequent pregnancy and long-term success following a repair. A 35-year-old gravida 2 para 2 underwent laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy and suburethral sling for stage III prolapse and stress urinary incontinence. She conceived 6 months postprocedure. Her antepartum course ...
Li Na - - 2011
This study evaluated the effect of transvaginal ultrasound-guided embryo aspiration plus local administration of low-dose methotrexate (MTX) on caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). Sixty-eight cases of CSP were randomly grouped for (1) systemic administration of MTX plus curettage with hysteroscopy (control group); and (2) transvaginal ultrasound-guided embryo aspiration plus local administration ...
Williams Letitia - - 2011
Preconception counseling (PCC) is a vital component of preconception care. Through counseling, providers educate and recommend strategies to improve health and birth outcomes for women of reproductive age. The objective of our analysis was to assess the associations between receipt of PCC and positive maternal behaviors before and during pregnancy. ...
Cri┼čan Tania O - - 2011
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are critical components of the pathogen recognition by the host innate immune system. Recently it has been shown that TLR1 is under evolutionary pressure in Europeans. This involves the positive selection of the nonsynonymous TLR1 1805G variant in Europeans, although this is associated with poor TLR1 response ...
Lee Brian K - - 2011
Prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke is suggested as a potential risk factor for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Previous epidemiological studies of this topic have yielded mixed findings. We performed a case-control study of 3,958 ASD cases and 38,983 controls nested in a large register-based cohort in Sweden. ASD case status ...
Tita Alan Thevenet N - - 2012
The objective of the study was to compare pregnancy outcomes by completed week of gestation after 39 weeks with outcomes at 39 weeks. Secondary analysis of a multicenter trial of fetal pulse oximetry in spontaneously laboring or induced nulliparous women at a gestation of 36 weeks or longer. Maternal outcomes ...
Balesaria Sara - - 2012
Iron metabolism during pregnancy maintains fetal iron levels at the expense of the mother. The mechanism behind this regulation is still not clear despite recent advances. Here we examine the role of maternal and fetal Hfe, its downstream signaling molecule, hepcidin and dietary iron in the regulation of placental iron ...
Grindheim Guro - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To study longitudinally changes in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) during healthy pregnancies and to evaluate the influence of parity, pregestational overweight, and excessive weight gain. METHODS:: A prospective longitudinal cohort study of 57 healthy white women with singleton pregnancies. BP and HR were measured repeatedly at ...
Clear Emily R - - 2011
Teen pregnancy is a major public health concern and the majority of these pregnancies are unintended. The study population included women whose first pregnancy occurred at age 19 or younger (n = 2,142). Data from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth was used to determine whether women's reports of her own ...
Panchaud Alice - - 2011
Concerns have been raised about the use of topical retinoids since the publication of isolated cases of characteristic retinoid embryopathy, originally described after oral use. A collaborative study of the European Network of Teratology Information Services was carried out to evaluate the rate of congenital malformations following first-trimester topical retinoid ...
Goldstein Israel - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this study was to characterize the normal ultrasonographic growth of the fetal superior sinus sagittalis (SSS) throughout gestation. Patients and Methods: In a prospective cross-sectional study, measurements of the fetal sinus sagittalis were obtained in patients undergoing elective fetal anatomical surveys or fetal growth scan at ...
Noren Shawn R - - 2011
Constraints on locomotion could be an important component of the cost of reproduction as carrying an increased load associated with eggs or developing fetuses may contribute to decreased locomotor performance for females across taxa and environments. Diminished performance could increase susceptibility to predation, yet the mechanism(s) by which gravidity and ...
Lin Ying-Ying - - 2011
Motor vehicle emissions have become a major source of air pollution. Contributions of motor vehicle emissions to exposure to toxic metals such as manganese remain inconclusive. This study investigates the relationship between the concentration of manganese in cord blood and exposure to criteria air pollutants during pregnancy. A total of ...
Hodes-Wertz Brooke - - 2012
We determined whether the use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection in couples who previously underwent intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles elsewhere could be decreased without compromising the pregnancy rate. At our university in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer center we retrospectively analyzed the records of 149 fresh, in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer cycles in patients ...
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