Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2304
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Larkin Jacob C - - 2012
: To estimate and compare the risk of morbid perinatal outcomes in pregnancies identified as small for gestational age (SGA) with customized compared with conventional standards of fetal growth. : Ultrasound-derived estimates of fetal weight were used to generate a fetal growth trajectory (N=7,510). The gestational age at delivery and ...
da Fonseca Cátia Regina Branco - - 2012
Low birth weight (LBW), defined as birth weight less than 2500 g, has a complex etiology and may be a result of premature interruption of pregnancy or intrauterine growth restriction. The objective of this study was to provide information on determinants of LBW and contribute to the understanding of the ...
Nakatsuka Nao - - 2012
Objective: Early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS), defined as neonatal sepsis occurring within the first week after birth, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Fetal scalp electrode application, used for fetal heart rate monitoring during labour, could potentially increase the risk of EONS. The objective of this study was to ...
Nayak Rashmita - - 2012
Objectives: To correlate the changes in the level of female sex hormones (progesterone, estrogen) in plasma with the changes in severity of gingivitis in various trimesters of pregnancy till the postparturition. Materials and methods: This study comprised of 20 pregnant women with good oral hygiene who were followed up in ...
Mulder Eva - - 2012
Objectives: The use of antidepressants by women during pregnancy continues to be a controversial subject, with conflicting information regarding the safety of this group of drugs. We sought (1) to determine the impact of information, advice, and comments women received from health care providers, family, and media about use of ...
Lima Miguel S - - 2012
Pregnancy toxaemia is one of the most common diseases affecting small ruminants in the last month of gestation. Nearly 80% of the foetal growth occurs in the last 6 weeks of gestation. Fat goats and goats carrying twins and triplets are at greater risk. Pregnancy toxaemia is characterized by metabolic ...
Kieler Helle - - 2012
To assess whether maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) increases the risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension in the newborn, and whether such an effect might differ between specific SSRIs. Population based cohort study using data from the national health registers. Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, 1996-2007. More ...
Kooper Angelique J A - - 2012
Objectives. The aim of this study was to determine whether prospective parents, primarily referred for prenatal diagnosis to exclude Down syndrome, prefer to know the fetal sex as part of invasive testing. Methods. In this prospective study 400 pregnant women undergoing amniocentesis were invited to answer a questionnaire, including information ...
Summerhayes Richard J - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Trihalomethanes in drinking water have been associated with higher occurrence of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births, although results have been inconsistent. METHOD:: We geocoded residential address for mother of live, singleton, term births to 33 water distribution systems in a large metropolitan area of New South Wales, Australia (314,982 births between ...
Dicken M - - 2012
Abstract To examine the gestation lengths and occurrence of daytime foaling of Standardbred mares foaling outdoors at stud farms in Southland, New Zealand (latitude 45˚S). Data were collected prospectively at two commercial Standardbred stud farms (Farms A and B), during the 2008/9 and 2009/10 breeding seasons (October to February). For ...
Osborne Cara - - 2012
To examine the relationship between first birth by cesarean and antepartum fetal death in a subsequent pregnancy in a large, hospital-based population. Data for this retrospective cohort study were taken from a database of all women who gave birth at Brigham and Women's Hospital during 4 waves of data collection ...
van Dijk Aimée E - - 2012
Autonomic nervous system (ANS) misbalance is a potential causal factor in the development of cardiovascular disease. The ANS may be programmed during pregnancy due to various maternal factors. Our aim is to study maternal prenatal psychosocial stress as a potential disruptor of cardiac ANS balance in the child. Mothers from ...
Sundrani Deepali P - - 2012
Preterm birth is a major public health problem in terms of loss of life, long-term and short term disabilities worldwide. The process of parturition (both term and preterm) involves intensive remodelling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the placenta and fetal membranes by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Our previous studies show ...
Kassa Nega - - 2012
In Ethiopia, little is known about pregnancy among rural women. Proper maternal health care depends on clear understanding of the reproductive health situation. The objective of this study was to identify predictors of unintended pregnancy in rural eastern Ethiopia. This study was part of pregnancy surveillance at Kersa Demographic Surveillance ...
Dhorda Mehul - - 2012
Improved laboratory diagnosis is critical to reduce the burden of malaria in pregnancy. Peripheral blood smears appear less sensitive than Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein 2-based rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for placental malaria infections in studies conducted at delivery. In this study, 81 women in Uganda in the second or third ...
Steinborn A - - 2012
Dysregulations concerning the composition and function of regulatory T cells (T(regs)) are assumed to be involved in the pathophysiology of complicated pregnancies. We used six-colour flow cytometric analysis to demonstrate that the total CD4(+) CD127(low+/-) CD25(+) forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3)(+) T(reg) cell pool contains four distinct T(reg) subsets: DR(high+) ...
Andersen Kathryn - - 2012
In March 2002, Nepal's Parliament approved legislation to permit abortion on request up to 12 weeks of pregnancy. Between 2004 and 2007, 176 comprehensive abortion care (CAC) service sites were established in Nepal, leading to a rise in safe, legal abortions. Though monitoring systems have been developed, reporting of complications ...
Raha Sandeep - - 2012
There is currently considerable uncertainty regarding prescribing practices for pregnant women with severe and persistent psychiatric disorders. The physician and the mother have to balance the risks of untreated psychiatric illness against the potential fetal toxicity associated with pharmacological exposure. This is especially true for women taking atypical antipsychotics. Although ...
Gao Haijun - - 2012
This study was to test the hypothesis that altered IGF2 system in the placental labyrinth zone (LZ) impairs feto-placental growth in response to maternal protein restriction. Rats were fed a 20% protein diet and an isocaloric 6 % protein diet (LP) from day 1 to days 14, 18, or 21 ...
Morse Christopher B CB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
To investigate the accuracy of serial hCG to predict outcome of a pregnancy of unknown location in an ethnically and geographically diverse setting. Multisite cohort study. University hospital. Women with a pregnancy of unknown location. None. Patients were followed until diagnosed with ectopic pregnancy (EP), intrauterine pregnancy (IUP), or miscarriage. ...
Harvey Nicholas C NC MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, - - 2012
We have previously demonstrated associations between fetal growth in late pregnancy and postnatal bone mass. However, the relationships between the intrauterine and early postnatal skeletal growth trajectory remain unknown. We addressed this in a large population-based mother-offspring cohort study. A total of 628 mother-offspring pairs were recruited from the Southampton ...
Rijken Marcus J MJ Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, PO Box 46, Mae Sot, Tak 63110, Thailand. - - 2012
The presence of malaria parasites and histopathological changes in the placenta are associated with a reduction in birth weight, principally due to intrauterine growth restriction. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of studying early pregnancy placental volumes using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound in a malaria endemic area, ...
Håkonsen L B - - 2011
Prenatal lifestyle exposures are linked to alterations in conventional semen characteristics. Sperm DNA integrity is another marker of semen quality shown to be altered in mice prenatally exposed to chemicals. From a Danish pregnancy cohort established in 1984-1987, sons were selected for a follow-up study in 2005-2006. We examined associations ...
Xiao Zhuoni - - 2011
We undertook this retrospective variables-control analysis to compare the reproductive outcomes of frozen-thawed embryo transfer using endometrial preparation with either natural cycle or hormone replacement therapy cycle. Patients were divided into three subgroups. Subgroup A (n = 32) consisted of patients having three 8-cell post-thawed embryos transferred. Subgroup B (n = 404) consisted of ...
Konrad J L - - 2011
The aim of this study was to characterize the pathogenesis of Neospora caninum in experimentally inoculated pregnant water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Twelve Mediterranean female water buffaloes ranging in age from 4 to 14 years old and seronegative to N. caninum by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) were involved. Ten females ...
Mayanja Billy N BN MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda. - - 2012
Before antiretroviral therapy (ART) introduction, pregnancy was associated with a sustained drop in CD4 cell count in HIV-infected women. We examined the effects of pregnancy on immunological and virological ART outcomes. Between January 2004 and March 2009, we studied HIV-infected women receiving ART in a prospective open cohort study in ...
Magdaleno Ronis R - - 2011
With the increase in the number of bariatric surgeries being performed in women of childbearing age, physicians must have concerns regarding the safety of pregnancy after bariatric surgery. The aim of this review is to summarize the literature reporting on maternal, obstetrical and perinatal implications of pregnancy following BS. METHODS: ...
Köşüş Aydın - - 2011
Objective: The aim was to investigate the potential effect of oral progesterone therapy during the first trimester on glucose metabolism and on birth weight, and to assess the existence of dose-related differences. Methods: One hundred and fifty women with a history of imminent abortion and who used micronized progesterone (MicP) ...
Kakagia Despoina - - 2011
Extensive postburn scars of the trunk may cause breathing difficulty and in female patients of reproductive age render future pregnancy a serious reconstructive goal. Scar excision and skin grafting with or without artificial dermal templates is the current preferred management. A patient who underwent staged extensive grafting of the abdominal ...
Sá Filho M F - - 2011
Three experiments were designed to evaluate methods to optimize the use of sex-sorted sperm in timed AI (TAI) programs for suckled beef cows. In all 3 experiments, suckled Bos indicus cows were synchronized using an intravaginal progesterone (P4) device during 8 d and a 2.0-mg injection of i.m. estradiol benzoate ...
Andraweera Prabha H - - 2011
Pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants demonstrate impaired placental vascular remodelling. Angiopoietin-1 is an angiogenic growth factor which regulates vascular integrity and remodelling. The TT genotype of angiopoietin 1 (ANGPT1) rs2507800 polymorphism has been associated with increased plasma angiopoietin-1 levels compared to the AA genotype. We aimed to ...
Li Ben - - 2011
In this study, we investigated the presence of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its receptors tyrosine kinase A (TrkA) and p75 in the uterus of the wild ground squirrels during the estrous period, early pregnancy and non-breeding period. In the estrous period and early pregnancy, NGF and TrkA were immunolocalized ...
Margato Marcela Furlan - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Previable (less than 24 weeks) premature rupture of membranes complicates about 1 in every thousand births and is responsible for substantial perinatal mortality. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this paper, we retrospectively analyzed one twin and 35 singleton pregnancies. RESULTS: Twenty cases occurred before and 16 after 20 weeks. Latency ...
Dorniak Piotr - - 2011
In ruminants, the elongating conceptus secretes interferon tau (IFNT), the pregnancy recognition signal, and prostaglandins (PGs). Progesterone from the ovary induces prostaglandin synthase two (PTGS2) and hydroxysteroid (11-beta) dehydrogenase 1 (HSD11B1) in the endometrial epithelia, and PTGS2-derived prostaglandins (PGs) regulate endometrial functions and conceptus elongation. The enzyme HSD11B1 interconverts inactive ...
Tegethoff Marion - - 2012
Glucocorticoid inhalation is the preferred asthma treatment during pregnancy. Previous studies on its safety focused on obstetric outcomes and offspring malformations. To determine whether glucocorticoid inhalation during pregnancy is a risk factor for offspring pediatric diseases. We studied offspring (live singletons) of pregnant women suffering from asthma during pregnancy (prevalence ...
Cho Geum Joon - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence is a critical time of life to accumulate bone for peak bone mass. Factors that may interfere with bone mass accrual during this period may increase the risk of osteoporosis. Several studies have reported that pregnancy during adolescence has detrimental effects on bone mass measurements after pregnancy. However, ...
Taraborelli Mara - - 2011
OBJECTIVE.: To assess fetal and maternal outcomes in women with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS.: Prospectively collected data were retrospectively analyzed. In 25 Italian centers 99 SSc women were observed during 109 pregnancies (in 2000-2011) and compared to the general obstetrical population (GOP, 3939 deliveries). Maternal mean age at conception was ...
Davenport Margie H - - 2012
Endothelial dysfunction is commonly observed in women with a previous diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Whether arterial stiffness is also related to pregnancy and/or postpartum glucose intolerance has not been determined. We examined the influence of GDM during pregnancy and hyperglycemia in the postpartum period on arterial function. Thirty ...
Prick Babette W - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Untreated maternal phenylketonuria or hyperphenylalaninemia may result in nonphenylketonuric offspring with neonatal sequelae, especially intellectual disability, microcephaly, and congenital heart disease (CHD). Dietary treatment to control phenylalanine concentrations can prevent these sequelae. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to present an overview of reported pregnancy complications and neonatal sequelae of maternal phenylketonuria ...
van Esch Edith M G - - 2011
Objectives Endometrial resection is a procedure often performed for treatment of menorrhagia. Despite the fact that amenorrhoea frequently ensues, some normal endometrium can remain present and become the implantation site of a pregnancy. Such an event is uncommon (0.7%); however, the likelihood of an ectopic pregnancy is increased. This case ...
Mudd Lanay M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is recommended during pregnancy and has been associated with lower risk of delivering a large infant. We sought to characterize the effect of LTPA across the entire birth weight distribution. METHODS: Women enrolled in the Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health (POUCH) Study (1998-2004) were followed-up ...
Higgins Stephen T ST Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, University Health Center Campus, 1 S. Prospect St, Burlington, VT 05401, USA. - - 2012
Smoking during pregnancy is the leading preventable cause of poor pregnancy outcomes in the U.S., causing serious immediate and longer-term adverse effects for mothers and offspring. In this report we provide a narrative review of research on the use of financial incentives to promote abstinence from cigarette smoking during pregnancy, ...
Chemes Héctor E - - 2012
This article presents an update on the variable prognostic significance of different sperm pathologies in patients with severe male factor infertility due to morphology and motility disorders. Severe asthenozoospermia is one of the leading causes of male infertility as spermatozoa cannot reach the oocyte and/or penetrate normally. Identifying structural causes ...
Hronek Miloslav - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary intake of energy and nutrients (DIEN) of Czech pregnant women and to assess relationships with body size variables during pregnancy. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-two randomly recruited healthy pregnant Czech women, who were normoglycemic, euthyroid, nonsmokers, not anemic, and ...
Kuru Oguzhan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes among women with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). METHODS: In a university hospital and a research and training hospital, a retrospective cohort study was conducted among women with singleton deliveries between 2003 and 2011. Maternal outcomes evaluated included gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, cesarean delivery. Neonatal ...
Paulesu L - - 2011
Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in several aspects of the immune response. MIF appears to play important roles in materno-fetal immuno-tolerance during placental establishment, modulation and growth as studied in epitheliochorial porcine and hemochorial human and mouse placentae. Here we studied the bovine placenta being ...
Kraus Thomas A - - 2011
PURPOSE: The increased risk of morbidity and mortality from certain microbial infections and the demonstrated improvements in the clinical course of some autoimmune diseases support the existence of pregnancy-related alterations in immune status. Elucidating the changes in innate and adaptive immunity during gestation may improve pregnancy outcomes and facilitate the ...
Tinoco-Magaña Juan Carlos - - 2011
The aim of the present work was to evaluate milk yield, postpartum (pp) ovarian activity and pregnancy rate in dual-purpose cows grazing Cynodon nlemfuensis and browsing L. leucocephala, with or without energy supplementation. Twenty-four Bos taurus × B. indicus cows were divided in two groups from calving to 70 days post-calving: ...
Miyoshi Takekazu - - 2011
Background: There are few large studies of fetal congenital bradyarrhythmia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects and risks of transplacental treatment for this condition. Methods and Results: Using questionnaires, 128 cases of fetal bradyarrhythmia were identified at 52 Japanese institutions from 2002 to 2008. Of ...
Lopriore E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the placental characteristics in monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies with and without birth weight discordance (BWD). METHODS: We performed a matched case-control study to compare the placental characteristics of MC placentas from pregnancies with BWD (≥25%) (n = 47) with a control group of MC placentas without BWD (n = 47), matched ...
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