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Results 151 - 200 of 2304
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Lindström Emma - - 2012
ABSTRACT Oxidative stress is suggested as a potential mechanism in impaired fetal growth, smaller birth size and thus subsequently adult chronic diseases. We have investigated associations between oxidative stress in pregnancy and birth anthropometry (weight, height, head and chest circumferences). In the MINIMat-trial (Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions, Matlab) in ...
Tan Sinan - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the sonographic echogenicity of embryos is associated with cardiac activity in utero. METHODS: The present study reviewed a total of 164 embryos having a gestational age between 6 and 8 weeks. These embryos were examined by transvaginal ultrasonography and a ...
Kasuki Leandro - - 2012
Pregnancy in acromegalic patients is a rare event, but is usually uneventful, with stable GH and IGF-I levels and no tumor enlargement. Medical treatment can usually be withdrawn without problems and although no major adverse event has been reported, the suspension of drug treatments is generally recommended. No case report ...
Baird Donna D - - 2012
The objective of the present commentary is to suggest that epidemiologists explore the use of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) as a new measurement tool in fecundability studies. The authors briefly summarize the advantages and limitations of the 3 current approaches to studies of fecundability. All 3 approaches involve the collection of ...
Wongtrakool Cherry - - 2012
Maternal smoking during pregnancy has been associated with adverse effects on respiratory health. Whereas the epidemiologic link is incontrovertible, the mechanisms responsible for this association are still poorly understood. Although cigarette smoke has many toxic constituents, nicotine, the major addictive component in cigarette smoke, may play a more significant role ...
Blum Jason L JL Department of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, Tuxedo, New York 10987, - - 2012
One industrially important metal oxide nanoparticle (NP) is cadmium oxide (CdO). A study was performed using timed-pregnant CD-1 mice to determine if Cd associated with inhaled CdO NP could reach the placenta and adversely affect the developing fetus and/or neonate. Pregnant mice were exposed by inhalation either every other day ...
Fowles Eileen R - - 2012
Pre-eclampsia is a multi-system disorder caused by inadequate placentation in early pregnancy; however, little is known about the influence of nutrient intake on placental development during the crucial 1st trimester. The objective of this study was to examine the relationships between nutrient intake and the raw values and ratios of ...
Sui Zhixian - - 2012
Background. Women who are overweight or obese during pregnancy are at increased risk of a number of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Objective. To systematically review the literature to assess the benefits and harms of an exercise intervention for pregnant women who are overweight or obese. Search strategy. A literature search of ...
Lemmer Robert - - 2012
FloSeal (hemostatic gelatin matrix with a human-derived thrombin component; Baxter Healthcare, Deerfield, IL, USA) hemostatic matrix is used as an adjunct to hemostasis when conventional procedures have proved ineffective. In the present case, FloSeal was used in combination with transfusions, NovoSeven (recombinant activated human factor VIIa; Novo Nordisk, Copenhagen, Denmark) ...
Sun Hsu-Dong - - 2012
Rupture of a pregnant uterus in early pregnancy and an unscarred uterus are extremely rare, and some non-specific symptoms might appear before this occurrence. We report the case of a multiparous woman (gravida 3, para 2) with uterine fundal rupture in her early second trimester (17+ weeks of gestational age), ...
Börzsönyi Balázs - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess 11-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (11β-HSD2) gene expression patterns in human placental samples from intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) pregnancies using normal pregnancy as control. STUDY DESIGN: We compared 11-β-HSD2 gene expression in placental samples from all IUGR pregnancies treated in our clinic between January 1, 2010 and January 1, ...
Chan Wong E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Assisted reproductive technologies include in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). It has been shown that embryos derived from ART have higher rates of aneuploidy. Although the majority of ART pregnancies are genetically normal, it is suspected that aneuploid embryos may persist as mosaics and lead to confined ...
Wang Zhen - - 2012
The placenta is essential for sustaining the growth of the fetus. An increased endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been associated with the impaired placental and fetal development. Cadmium (Cd) is a potent teratogen that caused fetal malformation and growth restriction. The present study investigated the effects of maternal Cd exposure ...
Gerhold K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Immune-modulation such as tolerance induction appears to be an upcoming concept to prevent development of atopic diseases. Pregnancy might present a critical period for preventing allergic sensitization of the progeny. We investigated the effect of maternal allergen exposures during pregnancy on allergen-induced sensitization and airway inflammation in the offspring ...
Soede Nm - - 2012
Progesterone supplementation during early pregnancy may increase embryo survival in pigs. The current study evaluated whether oral supplementation with an analogue of progesterone, altrenogest (ALT), affects embryo survival. A first experiment evaluated the effect of a daily 20-mg dosage of ALT during days 1-4 or 2-4 after onset of oestrus ...
Dhobale Madhavi - - 2012
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a neurotrophin, which exerts an important role in the development and function of the central and peripheral nervous system. There is limited information regarding the levels of NGF during pregnancy and its role in fetal development. We have earlier reported increased oxidative stress in pregnancy ...
Wyrwoll C S CS Endocrinology Unit, Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Queen's Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, - - 2012
There is increasing evidence for a role for epigenetic modifications in early life 'programming' effects. Altered placental methyl donor transport may impact on the establishment of epigenetic marks in the fetus. This study investigated the effects of prenatal glucocorticoid overexposure on placental methyl donor transport. Glucocorticoids increased folate but decreased ...
Brüssow Klaus-Peter - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to obtain relevant blood flow indices of umbilical arteries (UmA) of porcine fetuses using a laparoscopic ultrasound probe and to relate these data with fetal size at early-mid gestation. Fetal parameters and flow indices, i.e., fetal length and area, fetal heart rate (FHR), systolic ...
Jaiswal Mukesh K - - 2012
PROBLEM: a2 isoform of vacuolar ATPase (Atp6v0a2) is important for maintaining the delicate immunological balance required for successful pregnancy. The objective of this investigation is to study the dynamic changes in spleen and blood that appear during spontaneous abortion in mice. METHOD OF STUDY: Atp6v0a2 was measured in multiple immune ...
Mitchell M D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Gangliosides are structural and functional glycosphingolipids, considered to have important roles in neuronal development in fetal and neonatal development and in memory formation. In this report, we have investigated the ability of bovine milk-derived gangliosides GM3 and GD3 to cross the human placenta. STUDY DESIGN: We have employed the ...
Hyman Richard W - - 2012
To determine the vaginal microbiome in women undergoing IVF-ET and investigate correlations with clinical outcomes. Thirty patients had blood drawn for estradiol (E(2)) and progesterone (P(4)) at four time points during the IVF-ET cycle and at 4-6 weeks of gestation, if pregnant. Vaginal swabs were obtained in different hormonal milieu, and ...
Blanchard T L - - 2012
Records (years 2005-2007) were analyzed from a Thoroughbred stud farm in central Kentucky. Data from all breeding cycles of foaling mares were tabulated (3184 cycles of 2003 foaling mares bred between 7 and 163 days postpartum). A multiple logistic regression model employing Bayesian statistics was used to adjust for factors ...
Abdelfatah-Hassan A - - 2012
It has been established that the immunologic and endocrine status of the peripartum dairy cow determines the animal's subsequent productive and reproductive performance. Thus, at parturition reduced immune functions of peripheral blood polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) has been observed after a peak in pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs), and, more recently, the inseminating ...
Cameron Sharon T - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Telephone follow-up with a self-performed low-sensitivity urine pregnancy (LSUP) test was introduced at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Scotland, as an alternative to routine ultrasonography for confirming successful abortion at 2 weeks following early medical abortion (<9 weeks' gestation). Women who screened 'positive' at telephone follow-up on the basis ...
van Dongen Joyce - - 2012
Study Type - Outcomes (cohort series) Level of Evidence 2b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Microsurgical vasectomy reversal is an effective and cost-effective method of reinstating fertility in a man who has previously had a vasectomy. The current literature indicates that the success rate (i.e. ...
Jørgensen Kristian Tore - - 2012
The risk of some female predominant autoimmune diseases (ADs) has previously been shown to be higher in women who experience hyperemesis, gestational hypertensive disorders and idiopathic pregnancy losses. This study assessed the association between such pregnancy-related experiences and the subsequent risk of female predominant and other ADs. Our study cohort ...
Sinai Irit - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In a companion article, we described the development of a new fertility-awareness-based Bridge for postpartum women starting with their first postpartum menses and until they are eligible to use the Standard Days Method®. This article presents the results of an efficacy trial to test the Bridge. STUDY DESIGN: This ...
Tsikouras Panagiotis - - 2012
Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of pregnancies in adolescents in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Democritus University of Thrace, north-eastern Greece. Material and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 194 cases of adolescent pregnancies, with an average maternal age of 16.5 years, from ...
Zhou Wen-Shan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The effect of exposure to disinfection by-products (DBPs) during pregnancy on newborn's birth weight has been commonly described in animal studies. However, epidemiological evidence was not consistent. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between exposure to DBPs and newborn's birth weight in a Chinese population, we conducted a cross-sectional study ...
Qi Yanting - - 2012
PURPOSE: To retrospectively analyze the relationships of peritoneal serum relative to venous serum (R (p/v)) ratios for human chorionic gonadotropin, CA-125, and creatine kinase to the ectopic pregnancy (EP). METHODS: Intra-abdominal fluid and venous blood samples of 118 subjects with suspected EP were obtained for biomarker measurements. R (p/v-hCG) >1 ...
Tamega A de A - - 2012
Background  Melasma is a common acquired chronic hypermelanosis of sun-exposed areas which significantly impacts quality of life. There are few epidemiological studies in medical literature concerning these patients. Objective  Characterize clinical and epidemiological data on Brazilian female patients with melasma. Methods  A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to melasma patients treated ...
Twig Gilad - - 2012
Thyroid autoimmunity is the most prevalent autoimmune state that affects up to 4% of women during the age of fertility. A growing body of clinical studies links thyroid autoimmunity as a cause of infertility and adverse pregnancy outcomes that includes miscarriage or preterm deliveries. Importantly, these adverse effects are persistent ...
May Linda E - - 2012
PURPOSE: Our previous research found lower fetal heart rates (HR) and increased heart rate variability (HRV) in women who exercised during pregnancy. This finding is similar to the adult heart training response at rest due to aerobic exercise. Dose response associations have been found between physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness ...
Salafia C M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Observational and empirical evidence suggest that the average placental shape is round with a centrally inserted umbilical cord. Yet variability of shape is common. When in pregnancy do shape and cord insertion variations originate? MATERIALS AND METHODS: Placental measures from published datasets obtained ultrasonographically at 11-14 weeks and/or at ...
Lee JoonHo - - 2012
Glycogen phosphorylase is a key enzyme in glycogenolysis. Released with myocardial ischemia, blood concentration of glycogen phosphorylase isoenzyme BB (GPBB) is a marker of acute coronary syndromes. Pregnancy imposes metabolic stress, and preeclampsia is associated with cardiac complications. However, plasma GPBB concentration during pregnancy is unknown. This study was conducted ...
Snijder Claudia A - - 2012
Developmental diseases, such as birth defects, growth restriction and preterm delivery, account for >25% of infant mortality and morbidity. Several studies have shown that exposure to chemicals during pregnancy is associated with adverse birth outcomes. The aim of this study was to identify whether occupational exposure to various chemicals might ...
Yazdani Shahla - - 2012
Maternal obesity has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, pre- and post-term delivery, induction of labor, macrosomia, increased rate of caesarean section, and post-partum hemorrhage. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of maternal Body Mass Index (BMI) on pregnancy outcomes. 1000 pregnant ...
Ferreira E - - 2012
This is a descriptive retrospective case series of 14 pregnant women treated with ondansetron for hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) at CHU Sainte-Justine, from January 2002 to October 2011. Two of the patients received ondansetron during two separate pregnancies. Both pregnancies were analyzed separately for the purposes of this study. Another woman ...
Visvalingam G - - 2012
The aim was to assess the maternal and fetal outcome in women who had labour induced for anhydramnios after 37 completed weeks of gestation. A retrospective study was conducted at the Rotunda Hospital from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2007. All women with anhydramnios at term were identified from ...
Dinallo Jennifer M - - 2012
To effectively promote physical activity (PA) and quantify the effects of PA interventions for pregnant women, PA measurement during pregnancy needs improvement. The purpose of this study was to assess PA monitor output during a controlled, treadmill walking protocol among pregnant women at 20- and 32-weeks gestation. Women (N = ...
Cass Darrell L - - 2012
The aim of this study was to identify the most accurate prenatal predictors of outcomes and need for fetal surgery for fetuses with high-risk lung masses and vascular tumors. The records of all fetuses with high-risk lung mass (congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation-volume ratio > 1.6 or findings of hydrops) and ...
Fernández-Martínez F Javier - - 2012
Purpose:To prospectively validate a protocol for noninvasive fetal sex determination in maternal plasma and demonstrate its applicability to clinical practice.Methods:Peripheral blood from 404 pregnant women undergoing prenatal invasive testing was collected from 6 to 23 weeks of gestation. Real-time PCR was performed for the SRY gene and multicopy DYS14 marker ...
Rolfe K J - - 2012
Wound healing is a complex process involving a number of processes. Fetal regeneration has been shown to have a number of differences compared to scar-forming healing. This review discusses the number of differences identified in fetal regeneration. Understanding these differences may result in new therapeutic targets which may reduce or ...
Kisilevsky Barbara S - - 2012
Objective: To characterize fetal spontaneous heart rate changes and movements and auditory-elicited heart rate changes in fetuses in diabetic pregnancies compared with those in uneventful, overweight pregnancies. Methods: Spontaneous heart rate and movements and maternal voice-elicited heart rate changes were observed in 46 mother-fetal pairs (n = 14 gestational diabetic ...
Lee Bokim - - 2012
The researchers conducted a cross-sectional survey to determine the relationship between handling heavy items during pregnancy and spontaneous abortion among working women in South Korea. One thousand working women were selected from a database of those eligible for maternity benefits under the National Employment Insurance Plan. Study results showed that ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2012
: To estimate the response in lung growth and vascularity after fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia in the prediction of neonatal survival. : Between January 2006 and December 2010, fetal lung parameters (observed-to-expected lung-to-head ratio; observed-to-expected lung volume; and contralateral lung vascularization index) were evaluated before ...
Bolat Filiz - - 2012
Objective: Ectopic decidual reaction (deciduosis) can be seen rarely on the peritoneum during laparotomy for a cesarean section for pregnancy, in addition to the ovary and cervix. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical characteristics of ectopic decidua cases that were incidentally found in the ...
Wright Tricia E - - 2012
Methamphetamine (MA) use during pregnancy is associated with many pregnancy complications, including preterm birth, small for gestational age, preeclampsia, and abruption. Hawaii has lead the nation in MA use for many years, yet prior to 2007, did not have a comprehensive plan to care for pregnant substance-using women. In 2006, ...
Schiza S - - 2012
The use of ventriculoperitoneal shunts increased the life expectancy of many women with hydrocephalus who are able to reach childbearing age. It is believed that pregnancy may be associated with shunt malfunction and the management of pregnant women with a malfunctioning ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a challenging medical condition for the ...
Borna Sedighe - - 2012
Pregnancy rarely occurs in untreated cases of Cushing's syndrome (CS) , because most of them are infertile due to significant maternal and fetal complications during pregnancy. Diagnosis of CS may be difficult during pregnancy. Since physiological changes of pregnancy are overlapped by classical presentation and biological confirmation of CS. Therefore ...
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