Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2321
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Gadonneix Pierre - - 2011
We report a case of a pregnancy and follow the delivery of a young woman who previously underwent a laparoscopic sacral colpopexy (LSC) for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). A 38-year-old woman with POP desires pregnancy who after unsuccessful medical treatment with pessary underwent a laparoscopic uterine ventrosuspension (LUV). However, this ...
Tang Wan Xin - - 2011
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) complicated by acute kidney injury (AKI) is serious and life-threatening for the mother. The present study aimed to determine the clinical efficacy of combined blood purification treatment (CBPT) in patients with AFLP complicated by AKI. The CBPT involves plasma exchange (PE) combined with continuous ...
Roth Forrest S - - 2011
A 29 year old Hispanic woman with a history of breast augmentation and a pregnancy complicated by placental abruption presented to the plastic surgery service for evaluation of a swollen right breast. The patient was examined and several tests were performed to rule out infection, galactocele, and malignancy. The swelling ...
Guglielminotti J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Chronic stress during pregnancy has been associated with worsened maternal and fetal outcomes. Acute stress immediately before spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section may contribute to hypotension. Therefore objective measures of acute stress may help identify women at risk of adverse outcomes. Salivary alpha-amylase is a stress biomarker that has ...
Yoo Jae-Gyu - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of electrical stimulation (EST) on pronuclear formation, chromosomal constitution, and developmental capability among in vitro matured pig oocytes following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). After ICSI, the oocytes were randomly distributed and cultured into 3 groups: the EST activated ICSI group, ...
Lie Mabel - - 2012
The termination of pregnancy trial (Newcastle upon Tyne, UK), is the only randomised trial on termination of pregnancy methods incorporating a qualitative element that aimed to understand the experiences of women participating in the trial. Based on the results of this qualitative work, this article aims to provide insights into ...
Perović Milan - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate diagnostic accuracy and efficiency of ultrasound markers of gestational diabetes (GDM) and propose an ultrasound based scoring system suitable for screening (UGDS). Methods: 110 women with singleton pregnancies and established maternal and/or pregnancy related risk factors for GDM were scanned at/or after 24 weeks gestation followed by ...
Perales-Puchalt Alfredo - - 2012
To assess maternal, neonatal and graft outcomes after pregnancy in patients with kidney transplantation, and to compare the immunosuppressive therapies used. Review of 29 pregnancies in 23 patients with kidney transplantation, managed at La Fe University Hospital, Valencia. Immunosuppressive therapies with Cyclosporine-A, Tacrolimus, Mycophenolate mofetil and Azathioprine were compared. No ...
Spitzer Dietmar - - 2012
To analyze the effects of embryo transfer (ET) quality on clinical pregnancy (CPR) and live birth delivery rates (LBDR). In a retrospective study at a single, private infertility center between November 2005 and December 2009 one thousand fifty-five day-3 and day-5 ETs following IVF/ICSI/IMSI were evaluated. We analyzed the impact ...
Perni Uma C - - 2011
BackgroundMaternal smoking has been associated with decreased risk of preeclampsia; however, it is uncertain whether this association is causal. An argument for causality would be strengthened if changes in smoking status across consecutive pregnancies were related to the risk of preeclampsia.MethodsWe used data from the National Swedish Birth Register to ...
Rodríguez Dalia B - - 2011
To compare cumulative pregnancy and live birth rates of single embryo transfer (SET) vs. double embryo transfer (DET) in women <35 years old with good-quality embryos, we designed an observational prospective study carried out between October 2002 and December 2006. Patients who accepted SET were compared with those who decided ...
Badakhsh Mohammad H - - 2011
Background: The aims of this study were to analyze the trend of cesarean section (CS), determining possible risk factors and also comparing the rate of CS in mothers with gestational diabetes (GDM) and normal pregnant population. Materials and methods: A hospital-based midwives data collection including 37,997 pregnancies in Tehran was ...
Fejzo Marlena S - - 2012
To determine whether change in paternity changes recurrence risk of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG). Survey data on recurrence of HG was compared between cases who had a paternity change between pregnancies and cases who did not. The percentage of HG pregnancies in women with the same partner for all pregnancies was ...
Custers Inge M - - 2011
BACKGROUNDWe recently reported that treatment with intrauterine insemination and controlled ovarian stimulation (IUI-COS) did not increase ongoing pregnancy rates compared with expectant management (EM) in couples with unexplained subfertility and intermediate prognosis of natural conception. Long-term cost-effectiveness of a policy of initial EM is unknown. We investigated whether the recommendation ...
Manojlović-Stojanoski Milica - - 2011
This study aimed to examine the influence of pregnancy on responsiveness of the pituitary-adrenal (PA) axis to dexamethasone (Dx) in rats. Dams and virgins were injected with Dx in three consecutive daily doses of 1.0, 0.5, 0.5mg/kg/bw, starting from day 16 of pregnancy, and sacrificed 24 and 72h after termination ...
Jardri Renaud - - 2011
Evidence for cortical sensory activation in the human fetus at the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy was provided in a recent imaging study. Although hearing is functional before birth, it is not clear whether recognition of the mother's voice is learned in utero or rapidly following delivery. We ...
Ballester Marcos - - 2011
BACKGROUNDAlthough several scoring systems have been published to evaluate the pregnancy rate after ICSI-IVF in infertile patients, none of them are applicable for patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) nor can they evaluate the chances of pregnancy for individual patients. The aim of this study was to develop a nomogram ...
Toft Gunnar - - 2012
Animal studies indicate that some phthalate metabolites may harm female reproductive function. We assessed the associations between exposure to phthalate metabolites and pregnancy loss. Using a previously established cohort of couples planning their first pregnancy, we analyzed four primary and two oxidized secondary phthalate metabolites in urine samples collected on ...
Young Melissa F - - 2012
The determinants of placental transport of dietary iron remain largely uncharacterized. The objective of this research was to elucidate determinants of fetal Fe transfer from maternally ingested dietary heme and non-heme Fe. The study was undertaken in 19 pregnant females (16-32 y) who ingested intrinsically labeled (58)Fe-heme and a nonheme ...
Soltan Mohamed H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma nitrite (PN) concentrations on admission to the delivery ward with the occurrence of atonic postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: Of 319 women admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dayrout General Hospital, Assiut, Egypt, for delivery in July 2010, 200, ...
Yamaguchi S - - 2011
We have reported that artificial insemination (AI) with frozen-thawed boar semen supplemented with caffeine increased the number of uterine sperm by inhibiting the migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) into the uterine lumen, thereby improving the fertility of gilts and sows. The objective of the present study was to examine the ...
Dominguez José Henrique E - - 2011
Pregnancy rates of Nelore females inseminated with male-sexed semen and conventional semen from the same bulls were evaluated. The females included 433 heifers (2 years old) and 230 non-suckling cows, totaling 663 animals. Average body condition score was 3.5 (1-5 scale). Estrus was induced with prostaglandin F2α. The total pregnancy ...
Collins S L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the jets of blood from the mouths of the spiral arteries could be reliably measured, their relationship with the uterine artery and any differences in SGA pregnancies. METHODS: Participants had serial ultrasound scans, from 11 weeks. The waveform of three jets into the intervillous space (IVS) ...
Loutfy Mr - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: There is speculation, but there are few data, on the high rates of unintended pregnancies in HIV-positive women. We investigated rates and correlates of unintended pregnancies among HIV-positive women of reproductive age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with recruitment stratified to match the geographical distribution of HIV-positive women ...
Sande Ragnar Kvie - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that first trimester Doppler can be carried out at lower output energies than the currently advocated limits without compromising clinically important information. METHODS: We recruited 42 pregnant women for an ultrasound examination at 12 weeks of gestation. Twenty-one women were examined with a vaginal transducer, the rest ...
Herraiz I - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of previously described models for the prediction of pre-eclampsia (PE), based on the sequential evaluation of uterine arteries resistance between 11-13 + 6 weeks and 19-22 weeks, when applied to a high-risk population. METHODS: Prospective study of 135 singleton pregnancies with at least one of ...
Savchev Stefan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of adverse perinatal outcome according to the estimated fetal weight (EFW) in a cohort of term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses with normal umbilical, uterine and brain Doppler. METHODS: A cohort of 132 term SGA fetuses with normal umbilical artery pulsatility index (PI), mean uterine artery PI ...
Kase Benjamin A - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare the frequency of abnormal fetal growth in women with diabetes mellitus (DM) using population-based birth weight (pop BW) percentiles compared with customized birth weight (cust BW) percentiles, which include adjustments for maternal race, parity, height, weight, and fetal sex. The study design ...
Vajda F J E - - 2012
Data on the use in pregnancy of the new antiepileptic drugs (AED) are limited. We analysed data collected by the Australian Pregnancy Register to provide information on their relative teratogenicity. The database containing pregnancy outcomes from 1317 women with epilepsy (WWE) was examined for three widely used new AED in ...
Else L J LJ Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Lopinavir exposure was reduced during the third trimester in pregnant women receiving standard dosing of the soft-gel capsule (SGC; 400/100 mg twice daily [b.i.d.]). Pharmacokinetic data on the lopinavir tablet in pregnancy are limited. On the basis of the tablet's improved bioavailability, standard dosing (400/100 mg b.i.d.) may provide adequate ...
Facco Francesca L FL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2012
In nonpregnant populations, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has been associated with cardiovascular and metabolic disease. Few studies have examined the relationship between SDB and adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO). The objective of this study was to examine the association between SDB and APO. Women who had a delivery as well as an ...
Tehraninejad Ensieh Shahrokhe - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of stimulating the endometrium with high-grade blastocyst culture supernatant (SEHB) perfusion before blastocyst transfer (BT) on implantation rate, pregnancy rate, and pregnancy outcome in ICSI cycles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-four infertile couples who were referred to the Valiasr department of Imam Hospital complex between January ...
Ozkan Yesim - - 2011
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the changes in total plasma thiols (homocysteine, cysteine and cysteinylglycine), lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide concentrations during normal pregnancy. METHODS: These variables were measured in 28 uncomplicated pregnant women at first, second and third trimesters and in 19 nonpregnant women. RESULTS: ...
Silva Ana Patrícia Carvalho - - 2011
Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) are important components of the innate immune system whose ligands are specific pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). Considering the scarcity of studies on transcription of PRRs in the pregnant uterus of cows, and its response to PAMPs and microorganisms that cause abortion in cattle, this study ...
Beck Veronika - - 2011
Objective: Iatrogenic preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (iPPROM; <37 weeks of gestation) is a major complication of fetal surgery. Little information is available about risk factors and incidence. Methods: We systematically reviewed reported iPPROM rates, gestational age at delivery and fetal survival after representative minimally invasive antenatal procedures. Results: A ...
Milman Nils - - 2011
Abstract Background/objectives: To assess vitamin D status during normal pregnancy and in the postpartum lactation period. Subjects/methods: The study comprised 141 healthy, ethnic Danish women with normal pregnancies, who were residents in Greater Copenhagen. Serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D(2)+D(3) (25-OH-vitamin D) was measured at 18, 32 and 39 weeks' gestation and 8 ...
Yin Xianming - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate uterine artery chemoembolization (UAEC) followed by vacuum aspiration as a conservative treatment for complicated cesarean scar pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of women presenting with cesarean scar pregnancy between January 2002 and December 2008. The medical record was evaluated to determine the method of treatment. ...
Flocks Joan - - 2011
Occupational pesticide exposure may be hazardous to pregnant farmworkers, yet few studies have focused on the health of female farmworkers distinct from their male counterparts or on the impact of agricultural work tasks on pregnancy outcomes. In the current community-based participatory research study, researchers conducted five focus groups with female ...
Joy Jolly - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopment outcomes of children conceived by Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)have been the subject of much recent attention. To date there are no reports of neurodevelopmental performance before birth in this group. AIMS: To compare habituation (a measure of brain function) in fetuses conceived by assisted reproduction techniques (ART) with ...
Lima-Pereira Patricia - - 2011
Aim.  To describe the pattern of use of the Internet as a source of health information by participants of antenatal classes. Background.  There is a lack of information about the frequency of Internet use amongst expectant mothers and fathers who attend antenatal classes. Design.  A cross-sectional descriptive study. Methods.  Women ...
Griffiths P D - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:iuMR has been shown to increase the detection rate of developmental abnormalities of the CNS, though most reports are limited to singleton pregnancies. The hypothesis tested in this study was that iuMR performed in multifetal pregnancies will show additional information about fetal CNS abnormalities in a similar proportion ...
Ercelen N - - 2011
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is a preventive approach for identifying genetic abnormalities in early stages of reproduction. We used preimplantation genetic aneuploidy screening in 230 cycles of patients with indications of advanced maternal age, recurrent implantation failure, recurrent spontaneous abortions, or severe male factor. Biopsied blastomeres from embryos with six to ...
Grover Kristin W - - 2012
Although pregnancy is often viewed as a unique opportunity to engage women in positive health changes, including smoking cessation, it is not clear whether, or to what extent, smoking cessation initiated during pregnancy persists long term after pregnancy. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relation between ...
Menke Aswin - - 2011
Characteristic susceptibility to environmental and pharmaceutical exposure may occur during periods in life of marked histophysiological changes of the immune system. Perinatal development is such a period; pregnancy followed by lactation is potentially another one. Here, we explored the influence of pregnancy and lactation on the model immunotoxic compound di-n-octyltin ...
Hernández-Martínez Carmen - - 2011
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is one of the most modifiable causes of morbidity and mortality for both pregnant women and their fetuses. The long-term effects of prenatal exposure to smoke on child behavior and development have been the subject of more extensive research than have the short-term effects. Therefore, the ...
Esmat Ahmed - - 2011
Dichloroacetonitrile (DCAN) is one of the disinfection by-products of chlorination of drinking water. Limited mechanistic studies exist on the developmental toxicity of haloacetonitriles (HANs). The present study was designed to investigate the potential adverse effects of maternal exposure to DCAN on mouse fetal brain. Based on initial dose-response experiment, DCAN ...
Coccia Maria Elisabetta - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is associated with severe painful symptoms and represents a complex management challenge. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of pregnancy on deep infiltrating lesions and related symptomatology. STUDY DESIGN: As part of a longitudinal study performed over the past 3 years to determine the efficacy of ...
Juhasz-B Ss Ingolf - - 2011
Abstract Fetuses with gastroschisis and omphalocele frequently show intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). The aim of our study was to evaluate the intrauterine course of IUGR and the neonatal outcome in a large patient collective. We retrospectively included all euploid fetuses with gastroschisis and omphalocele between 2001 and 2009 in a ...
Scholler Monika - - 2011
Context:Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) causes alterations in fetal high-density lipoproteins (HDL). Because phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) is important for HDL (re)assembly and is expressed in the human placenta, we hypothesized that circulating fetal and/or placental PLTP expression and activity are altered in GDM.Design:PLTP levels and activity were determined in maternal ...
Nilsen Wendy - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships between depressive symptoms in adolescence (14-18 years of age) and becoming pregnant, completing a pregnancy (live birth) and terminating a pregnancy in young adulthood (21-24 years of age). PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Data from 1000 females were drawn from a larger sample of 1943 young Australians ...
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