Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2304
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Young Melissa F - - 2012
The determinants of placental transport of dietary iron remain largely uncharacterized. The objective of this research was to elucidate determinants of fetal Fe transfer from maternally ingested dietary heme and non-heme Fe. The study was undertaken in 19 pregnant females (16-32 y) who ingested intrinsically labeled (58)Fe-heme and a nonheme ...
Soltan Mohamed H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma nitrite (PN) concentrations on admission to the delivery ward with the occurrence of atonic postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: Of 319 women admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dayrout General Hospital, Assiut, Egypt, for delivery in July 2010, 200, ...
Yamaguchi S - - 2011
We have reported that artificial insemination (AI) with frozen-thawed boar semen supplemented with caffeine increased the number of uterine sperm by inhibiting the migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) into the uterine lumen, thereby improving the fertility of gilts and sows. The objective of the present study was to examine the ...
Dominguez José Henrique E - - 2011
Pregnancy rates of Nelore females inseminated with male-sexed semen and conventional semen from the same bulls were evaluated. The females included 433 heifers (2 years old) and 230 non-suckling cows, totaling 663 animals. Average body condition score was 3.5 (1-5 scale). Estrus was induced with prostaglandin F2α. The total pregnancy ...
Collins S L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the jets of blood from the mouths of the spiral arteries could be reliably measured, their relationship with the uterine artery and any differences in SGA pregnancies. METHODS: Participants had serial ultrasound scans, from 11 weeks. The waveform of three jets into the intervillous space (IVS) ...
Loutfy Mr - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: There is speculation, but there are few data, on the high rates of unintended pregnancies in HIV-positive women. We investigated rates and correlates of unintended pregnancies among HIV-positive women of reproductive age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with recruitment stratified to match the geographical distribution of HIV-positive women ...
Sande Ragnar Kvie - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that first trimester Doppler can be carried out at lower output energies than the currently advocated limits without compromising clinically important information. METHODS: We recruited 42 pregnant women for an ultrasound examination at 12 weeks of gestation. Twenty-one women were examined with a vaginal transducer, the rest ...
Herraiz I - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of previously described models for the prediction of pre-eclampsia (PE), based on the sequential evaluation of uterine arteries resistance between 11-13 + 6 weeks and 19-22 weeks, when applied to a high-risk population. METHODS: Prospective study of 135 singleton pregnancies with at least one of ...
Facco Francesca L - - 2011
In nonpregnant populations, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) has been associated with cardiovascular and metabolic disease. Few studies have examined the relationship between SDB and adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO). The objective of this study was to examine the association between SDB and APO. Women who had a delivery as well as an ...
Savchev Stefan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of adverse perinatal outcome according to the estimated fetal weight (EFW) in a cohort of term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses with normal umbilical, uterine and brain Doppler. METHODS: A cohort of 132 term SGA fetuses with normal umbilical artery pulsatility index (PI), mean uterine artery PI ...
Kase Benjamin A - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare the frequency of abnormal fetal growth in women with diabetes mellitus (DM) using population-based birth weight (pop BW) percentiles compared with customized birth weight (cust BW) percentiles, which include adjustments for maternal race, parity, height, weight, and fetal sex. The study design ...
Vajda F J E - - 2012
Data on the use in pregnancy of the new antiepileptic drugs (AED) are limited. We analysed data collected by the Australian Pregnancy Register to provide information on their relative teratogenicity. The database containing pregnancy outcomes from 1317 women with epilepsy (WWE) was examined for three widely used new AED in ...
Else L J LJ Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Lopinavir exposure was reduced during the third trimester in pregnant women receiving standard dosing of the soft-gel capsule (SGC; 400/100 mg twice daily [b.i.d.]). Pharmacokinetic data on the lopinavir tablet in pregnancy are limited. On the basis of the tablet's improved bioavailability, standard dosing (400/100 mg b.i.d.) may provide adequate ...
Tehraninejad Ensieh Shahrokhe - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of stimulating the endometrium with high-grade blastocyst culture supernatant (SEHB) perfusion before blastocyst transfer (BT) on implantation rate, pregnancy rate, and pregnancy outcome in ICSI cycles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-four infertile couples who were referred to the Valiasr department of Imam Hospital complex between January ...
Ozkan Yesim - - 2011
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the changes in total plasma thiols (homocysteine, cysteine and cysteinylglycine), lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide concentrations during normal pregnancy. METHODS: These variables were measured in 28 uncomplicated pregnant women at first, second and third trimesters and in 19 nonpregnant women. RESULTS: ...
Silva Ana Patrícia Carvalho - - 2011
Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) are important components of the innate immune system whose ligands are specific pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). Considering the scarcity of studies on transcription of PRRs in the pregnant uterus of cows, and its response to PAMPs and microorganisms that cause abortion in cattle, this study ...
Beck Veronika - - 2011
Objective: Iatrogenic preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (iPPROM; <37 weeks of gestation) is a major complication of fetal surgery. Little information is available about risk factors and incidence. Methods: We systematically reviewed reported iPPROM rates, gestational age at delivery and fetal survival after representative minimally invasive antenatal procedures. Results: A ...
Milman Nils - - 2011
Abstract Background/objectives: To assess vitamin D status during normal pregnancy and in the postpartum lactation period. Subjects/methods: The study comprised 141 healthy, ethnic Danish women with normal pregnancies, who were residents in Greater Copenhagen. Serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D(2)+D(3) (25-OH-vitamin D) was measured at 18, 32 and 39 weeks' gestation and 8 ...
Yin Xianming - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate uterine artery chemoembolization (UAEC) followed by vacuum aspiration as a conservative treatment for complicated cesarean scar pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of women presenting with cesarean scar pregnancy between January 2002 and December 2008. The medical record was evaluated to determine the method of treatment. ...
Flocks Joan - - 2011
Occupational pesticide exposure may be hazardous to pregnant farmworkers, yet few studies have focused on the health of female farmworkers distinct from their male counterparts or on the impact of agricultural work tasks on pregnancy outcomes. In the current community-based participatory research study, researchers conducted five focus groups with female ...
Joy Jolly - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopment outcomes of children conceived by Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)have been the subject of much recent attention. To date there are no reports of neurodevelopmental performance before birth in this group. AIMS: To compare habituation (a measure of brain function) in fetuses conceived by assisted reproduction techniques (ART) with ...
Lima-Pereira Patricia - - 2011
Aim.  To describe the pattern of use of the Internet as a source of health information by participants of antenatal classes. Background.  There is a lack of information about the frequency of Internet use amongst expectant mothers and fathers who attend antenatal classes. Design.  A cross-sectional descriptive study. Methods.  Women ...
Griffiths P D - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:iuMR has been shown to increase the detection rate of developmental abnormalities of the CNS, though most reports are limited to singleton pregnancies. The hypothesis tested in this study was that iuMR performed in multifetal pregnancies will show additional information about fetal CNS abnormalities in a similar proportion ...
Ercelen N - - 2011
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is a preventive approach for identifying genetic abnormalities in early stages of reproduction. We used preimplantation genetic aneuploidy screening in 230 cycles of patients with indications of advanced maternal age, recurrent implantation failure, recurrent spontaneous abortions, or severe male factor. Biopsied blastomeres from embryos with six to ...
Grover Kristin W - - 2012
Although pregnancy is often viewed as a unique opportunity to engage women in positive health changes, including smoking cessation, it is not clear whether, or to what extent, smoking cessation initiated during pregnancy persists long term after pregnancy. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relation between ...
Menke Aswin - - 2011
Characteristic susceptibility to environmental and pharmaceutical exposure may occur during periods in life of marked histophysiological changes of the immune system. Perinatal development is such a period; pregnancy followed by lactation is potentially another one. Here, we explored the influence of pregnancy and lactation on the model immunotoxic compound di-n-octyltin ...
Hernández-Martínez Carmen - - 2011
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is one of the most modifiable causes of morbidity and mortality for both pregnant women and their fetuses. The long-term effects of prenatal exposure to smoke on child behavior and development have been the subject of more extensive research than have the short-term effects. Therefore, the ...
Esmat Ahmed - - 2011
Dichloroacetonitrile (DCAN) is one of the disinfection by-products of chlorination of drinking water. Limited mechanistic studies exist on the developmental toxicity of haloacetonitriles (HANs). The present study was designed to investigate the potential adverse effects of maternal exposure to DCAN on mouse fetal brain. Based on initial dose-response experiment, DCAN ...
Coccia Maria Elisabetta - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is associated with severe painful symptoms and represents a complex management challenge. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effect of pregnancy on deep infiltrating lesions and related symptomatology. STUDY DESIGN: As part of a longitudinal study performed over the past 3 years to determine the efficacy of ...
Juhasz-B Ss Ingolf - - 2011
Abstract Fetuses with gastroschisis and omphalocele frequently show intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). The aim of our study was to evaluate the intrauterine course of IUGR and the neonatal outcome in a large patient collective. We retrospectively included all euploid fetuses with gastroschisis and omphalocele between 2001 and 2009 in a ...
Scholler Monika - - 2011
Context:Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) causes alterations in fetal high-density lipoproteins (HDL). Because phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) is important for HDL (re)assembly and is expressed in the human placenta, we hypothesized that circulating fetal and/or placental PLTP expression and activity are altered in GDM.Design:PLTP levels and activity were determined in maternal ...
Nilsen Wendy - - 2011
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships between depressive symptoms in adolescence (14-18 years of age) and becoming pregnant, completing a pregnancy (live birth) and terminating a pregnancy in young adulthood (21-24 years of age). PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Data from 1000 females were drawn from a larger sample of 1943 young Australians ...
Sagiv Ron - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of methotrexate treatment for extrauterine pregnancy and define criteria for prediction of success. METHODS: Of 829 patients with an ectopic pregnancy admitted to E. Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel, from January 1997 through December 2009, 238 had asymptomatic tubal pregnancies and increasing serum β-human chorionic ...
Hui Chen - - 2011
PURPOSE: To investigate changes and establish reference values in coagulation, anticoagulation, fibrinolysis, anti-fibrinolysis and hemodynamics during normal pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 58 women with singleton pregnancies were recruited. Blood and ultrasound examinations were performed in the 10th-14th, 20th-24th, and 30th-34th weeks of pregnancy. The same examinations were performed in ...
Maraesa Aminata - - 2011
References to obeah pregnancy are widespread in southern Belize, where the belief in supernatural forces combines with Catholic teaching to create a conservative reproductive climate in which illegitimate pregnancy, reproductive misfortunes and maternal death are located in a discourse of shame. Obeah pregnancy is said to result when spiritual forces ...
Du Ming-Mei - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pregnancy complications, perinatal outcomes, and congenital abnormalities (CAs) that occurred in Beijing, China, when pregnant women became infected with the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) (H1N1pdm). METHODS: Pregnancy complications, perinatal outcomes, and CAs were compared among 3 groups of pregnant women. The 23 women in group ...
Leung Ann N - - 2011
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a leading cause of maternal mortality in the developed world. Along with appropriate prophylaxis and therapy, prevention of death from PE in pregnancy requires a high index of clinical suspicion followed by a timely and accurate diagnostic approach. To provide guidance on this important health issue, ...
McCarthy Sean D - - 2011
In the study presented, the hypothesis that ligands of the insulin like growth factor (IGF) family, as well as their binding proteins (BPs), are temporally regulated and are altered by elevated progesterone (P4) and/or pregnancy was tested. Heifers detected in standing estrus following synchronization (n=210: Day 0), were artificially inseminated ...
Chung Karine - - 2012
Oocyte donors have high serum estradiol (E2) levels similar to the serum levels seen in the first trimester of pregnancy. We report in this article our studies comparing cell proliferation, Ki67 (MIB1), and estrogen and progesterone receptor levels (ERα, PRA, and PRB) in the breast terminal duct lobular units of ...
Gaillard Romy - - 2011
Maternal and fetal characteristics are important determinants of fetal growth potential, and should ideally be taken into consideration when evaluating fetal growth variation. We developed a model for individually customised growth charts for estimated fetal weight, which takes into account physiological maternal and fetal characteristics known at the start of ...
Hirst Jane E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of fetal foot length for predicting gestational age in stillborn fetuses in Vietnam and the ability of this measurement to differentiate early from late fetal deaths. METHODS: In a prospective case series, gestational age was determined from either certain first day of last menstrual period ...
Ferraro Zm - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the effects of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on large-for-gestational-age (LGA) birth weight (?90(th) % ile). Methods: We examined 4321 mother-infant pairs from the Ottawa and Kingston (OaK) birth cohort. Multivariate logistic regression (controlling for gestational and maternal age, pre-pregnancy ...
Koepp Unni Mette Stamnes - - 2011
Objective. To estimate the association between maternal pre-pregnant body mass index (BMI) and maternal weight change during pregnancy and offspring birthweight using BMI classification developed by World Health Organization (WHO) and adopted by Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 2009. Design. The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) is a ...
Julian Colleen Glyde - - 2011
Abstract Oxidative stress has been implicated in the uteroplacental ischemia characteristic of preeclampsia and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth, both of which are more common at high (>2500m) vs. low altitude. Since Andeans are protected relative to Europeans from the altitude-associated rise in SGA, we asked if alterations in maternal antioxidant status ...
Ranger A - - 2011
Summary.  Type 2B von Willebrand disease (VWD) is a rare, inherited bleeding disorder resulting from a qualitative defect in von Willebrand factor (VWF). There is very little published information on how to quantify bleeding risk and manage haemostasis in type 2B VWD patients during pregnancy. This article presents the changes ...
Kang Woo Dae - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether or not the serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) level and ratio during 2 weeks after evacuation is predictive of persistent gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) in patients with complete molar pregnancies. METHODS: Between January 2000 and June 2010, a total of ...
Parra Juan - - 2011
Abstract Objective. To study fetal nuchal translucency (NT) thickness as a possible early marker in fetuses at risk for severe spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). To investigate the significance of the SMN2 copy number in affected fetuses. Methods. We performed 2D-ultrasound in 98 pregnancies at risk for SMA, all of which ...
- - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Antidepressant drugs are used frequently during pregnancy. The risk assessment of SSRI exposure is still evaluated and re-opened due to studies indicating possible increase of inborn defects, neonatal abstinence syndrome and cognitive ability or behavioral defects. METHODS: In our study, we prospectively followed groups of pregnancies in years 2002-2009, ...
Greer Joy A - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To compare the likelihood of being within weight standards before and after pregnancy between United States Marine Corps (USMC) and Navy (USN) active duty women (ADW). Methods: ADW with singleton gestations who delivered at a USMC base were followed for 6 months to determine likelihood of returning to ...
Dam Anika H D M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in patient couples where the male partner has partial globozoospermia with the outcome in a general ICSI population. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Center for Reproductive Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, the Netherlands, a tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): Between 1997 ...
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