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Results 401 - 450 of 926
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Blazer S - - 1999
PURPOSE: In this 12-year prospective, longitudinal study we investigated the natural history of fetal simple renal cysts identified by ultrasonography in early pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A detailed sonographic examination of the fetus was performed between January 1987 and June 1998 in 29,984 consecutive pregnancies at 14 to 16 weeks ...
Lam Y H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Fetal echogenic bowel has been observed in fetuses with meconium peritonitis, cystic fibrosis, aneuploidy, congenital viral infection and intrauterine growth restriction. The pathogenesis of echogenic bowel is unknown, but it may be attributed to bowel ischemia. Fetuses affected by homozygous alpha-thalassemia-1 are severely anemic and hypoxic. We investigated the ...
Grandjean H - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the Eurofetus Study was to evaluate the accuracy of the antenatal detection of malformations by routine ultrasonographic examination in unselected populations. STUDY DESIGN: All ultrasonographic diagnoses of malformations and the outcomes of the fetuses were prospectively recorded in 61 European obstetric units over a 3-year period ...
Nisbet D L - - 1999
We report a dichorionic twin pregnancy in which both fetuses were affected by a similar pattern of multiple abnormalities. The afrocaribbean parents had a history of infertility, and the pregnancy was conceived using in vitro fertilisation with donor sperm. The features seen in the fetuses do not fit any previously ...
Yoo S J - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the findings of tetralogy of Fallot in various fetal sonographic views. METHODS: We reviewed the fetal sonograms and medical records of 20 fetuses with prenatal diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot. We analyzed the indications for targeted sonography, the abnormalities seen in various sonographic views, the postnatal echocardiographic ...
Efrat Z - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of fetal sex determination at 11-14 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Fetal gender assessment by ultrasound was prospectively carried out in 172 singleton pregnancies at 11-14 weeks of gestation immediately before chorionic villus sampling for karyotyping. The genital region was examined in a midsagittal plane and ...
Kuno A - - 1999
The objective of this longitudinal retrospective study was to evaluate differences of the fetal growth and fetal organ growth among singleton small for gestational age (S-SGA), singleton appropriate for gestational age (S-AGA), twin (Tw-AGA), and triplet (Tri-AGA) infants. Ultrasonographic examinations were performed on 35 S-AGA, 18 S-SGA, 52 Tw-AGA and ...
Petrikovsky B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between intra-amniotic bleeding and fetal echogenic bowel. METHODS: Comprehensive fetal ultrasound examinations were done before and 12 hours after fetal transfusions. Follow-up ultrasound examinations were done weekly in 28 fetuses with intra-amniotic bleeding. Hyperechogenic bowel was diagnosed when the echogenicity of fetal bowel was similar ...
Tometzki A J - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine the accuracy of the prenatal echocardiographic diagnosis and prognosis of fetuses with conotruncal anomalies. BACKGROUND: The accuracy of prenatal echocardiographic diagnoses of cardiac lesions has been reported, but no previous reports specifically address fetal conotruncal anomalies. METHODS: Medical records of 61 ...
Sase M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the development of fetal gastric motility and emptying. The aim of this study was to evaluate the development of gastric motility sonographically in the human fetus. METHODS: The motility and peristalsis of the fetal stomach were sonographically studied in 76 normal fetuses at 12-39 weeks ...
Respondek-Liberska M M Department of Diagnosis of Congenital Malformations, Institute 'Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital', Lodz, Poland. - - 1999
Thirty fetuses with Down syndrome, who had detailed fetal echocardiography and sonography at the tertiary center with videotape recordings, were retrospective analyzed by one observer with a specially prepared flow sheet. The mean gestational age of the fetuses at the time of the study was 31 +/- 5.6 (minimum 21, ...
Verspyck E - - 1999
Physiological and pathological fetal levels of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), including its five different iso-enzymes are still poorly known. Our objectives were to compare total LDH levels and its five iso-enzymes between a control group of healthy fetuses and a group of fetuses with severe intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR), and to ...
Stefos T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at examining the detection rate of congenital abnormalities by using routine ultrasonography at 18-22 weeks of gestation. METHODS: The sample included 7,236 fetuses. A detailed sonographic examination was performed in each fetus and a neonatal evaluation or pathology examination was made to confirm the prenatal findings. ...
González L - - 1999
During 1996, aborted bovine fetuses from dairy herds in norther Spain were examined by histopathological, immunohistochemical and serological methods for evidence of infection by Neospora caninum. Microscopical brain changes consistent with those of neosporosis were detected in 36 of 81 fetuses and specific antibodies (IFAT titres > or = 1/16) ...
Noia G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Integrated fetal therapy is a new approach to prenatal management consisting of a combination of invasive procedures which complement each other to provide as much information as possible on the fetal compartments. METHODS: We carried out a study on 50 fetuses of singleton pregnancies undergoing invasive procedures -- at ...
Petrikovsky B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study yawning activity in healthy fetuses and in fetuses at high risk. METHODS: Yawning activity was studied in 16 healthy and 22 high-risk fetuses. Studies were performed in the postprandial state at 09.00 and 12.00 in a quiet room with the woman in the lateral recumbent position. All ...
Crombach G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate accuracy and clinical usefulness of fetal RhD genotyping with fluorescent duplex polymerase chain reaction. STUDY DESIGN: Two RhD-specific gene fragments (exon 10 in polymerase chain reaction 1 and exon 7 in polymerase chain reaction 2) were amplified in samples from 213 fetuses. RESULTS: ...
Ulm B - - 1999
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that male fetuses are more severely affected by fetomaternal alloimmunization to D antigen than female fetuses. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred four consecutive pregnancies with single D+ fetuses (51 males, 53 females) and maternal anti-D titers >16 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULT: Sixty fetuses (58%) received ...
Rosati P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to produce normal cephalic index values by transvaginal scan early in pregnancy and to evaluate the screening utility of this measurement for the identification of fetuses at risk for Down syndrome. METHOD: In this prospective cross-sectional study, transvaginal high-resolution sonography was performed between ...
Katz K - - 1999
From 1995 through 1997, clubfoot was detected by transabdominal sonography in 13 fetuses of 12 women, in nine bilaterally and in four unilaterally (total, 22 clubfeet). The average menstrual age at diagnosis was 23.6 weeks (range, 17-36). Three fetuses had associated malformations: two were therapeutically aborted and one died 2 ...
Lam Y H - - 1999
We determined the feasibility of prenatal prediction of type 1 homozygous alpha-thalassemia at 12 to 13 weeks of gestation by either abdominal or vaginal (or both) ultrasonographic examination to measure the fetal cardiothoracic ratio in 135 at-risk pregnancies. Forty-three fetuses were affected by homozygous type 1 alpha-thalassemia. The mean cardiothoracic ...
Levy R - - 1999
The objective of this paper is to study the possible additive effect of corticosteroids to the known effect of indomethacin on potency of the human ductus arteriosus. Systolic and diastolic blood flow of the fetal ductus arteriosus was measured by echo Doppler at 26-32 weeks of gestation. Four groups of ...
Fukumasu Y - - 1999
The small neutrophil reserve and exaggerated release of stored neutrophils are factors which predispose neonates to neutrophil reserve exhaustion during bacterial sepsis. Our objective is to try to improve in utero the myelopoietic function of the fetus before delivery. In the first series, recombinant human (rh) granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) ...
Delgado-Baeza E - - 1999
The purpose of this assay was to study the hindfoot patho-dynamic in clubfoot-like deformity during fetal development. Experimental induction of clubfoot-like deformity in rat fetuses was produced by maternal administration of retinoic acid (120 mg/kg body weight) as a single intragastric dose on day 10 of pregnancy. Hindlimbs from fetuses ...
Lopoo J B JB Fetal Treatment Center and the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0570, - - 1999
The prospect of fetal surgery for cleft lip is predicated on our ability to accurately identify fetuses with clefts and exclude those that have associated anomalies. Prenatal ultrasound is currently the most appropriate means with which to do this. We reviewed the ultrasonographic data from two large perinatal referral institutions ...
Okada T - - 1998
Developmental processes of the fetal rat kidney from uninephrectomized mothers were studied. The uninephrectomy was performed on day 5 of gestation. Glomerular number and volume in the fetal kidneys on days 18, 20, and 22 of gestation were morphometrically determined. To investigate the anionic site formation in the glomerular basement ...
Lee J M - - 1998
We studied how chaotic and periodic heart rate dynamics differ between normal fetuses (n = 192) and uncomplicated intrauterine growth restricted fetuses (n = 86), aged 31-42 weeks of gestation. We analyzed each fetal heart rate time series for 25 min. We quantified the chaotic dynamics of each fetal heart ...
Lelièvre-Pégorier M - - 1998
Vitamin A plays a critical role in fetal organogenesis, and its severe deficiency during pregnancy is known to result in malformations of several organs, including the kidney. However, the consequences of mild vitamin A deficiency (VAD) has received little attention. In the present study, we examined the effect of in ...
Tsai A F - - 1998
To elucidate the mechanisms that facilitate tolerance at the maternal-fetal interface, we are investigating the role of genes that are involved in peripheral self-tolerance in couples with idiopathic recurrent miscarriage. CTLA-4 is a negative regulator of T-cell proliferation and has been associated with human autoimmune disease. An AT(n) polymorphism in ...
Bronshtein M - - 1998
Twenty-one fetuses with an enlarged fourth ventricle were detected by ultrasound at 14-16 weeks' gestation. No other central nervous system anomalies were observed and a normal size fourth ventricle was noted in all cases on follow-up scans at 22-23 weeks' gestation. Five fetuses had associated structural anomalies: a single umbilical ...
Bronshtein M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence in an unselected population of a rod-like structure on the fetal upper lip (called a 'mustache') which we had previously observed as an incidental finding. A secondary aim was to determine whether this was associated with any abnormalities or ...
Ema M - - 1998
The objective of this study was to further evaluate the developmental toxicity of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) administered during the second half of pregnancy. Pregnant rats were fed a diet containing DBP at a dose of 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0 or 2.0% ad libitum on days 11-21 of pregnancy. Average daily ...
Patricolo M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To obtain 'intestinal atresia-like' conditions in the fetal lamb model to subsequently allow in utero surgical repair. METHODS: Six time-dated pregnant sheep underwent general anesthesia at 75 days of gestation (term 145 +/- 5 days). After maternal laparotomy and hysterotomy, the fetal abdomen was opened. Once the jejunoileal intestinal ...
Hertzberg B S - - 1998
PURPOSE: To test the strength of the association of cholecystomegaly with aneuploidy and biliary abnormality and to assess the prognostic importance of the detection of an enlarged fetal gallbladder at antenatal ultrasonography (US). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gallbladder size was prospectively evaluated during 842 consecutive second-and third-trimester US examinations in 775 ...
McGahan J P - - 1998
After more than 20 years of using ultrasound to examine the fetal head, there are still areas of controversy. The size of the ventricular atrium or the anteroposterior measurement of the posterior fossa have been shown to be relatively stable throughout pregnancy. However, there are instances in which intracranial malformations ...
Perez C G - - 1998
Ultrasonographic examination of the fetal abdomen is an integral part in all routine fetal sonograms and can provide significant information about the status and prognosis of the fetus. Although many types of fetal anomalies can be identified (i.e., gastroschisis, omphalocele, or congenital diaphragmatic hernia), there are several sonographic findings that ...
Lee K - - 1998
A retrospective study was performed over a 5-year period (1990-94) to evaluate the effectiveness of prenatal ultrasonography in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values in detecting fetal anomalies by comparing prenatal ultrasonic results with anomalies found in neonates and the perinatal outcome of anomalous fetuses. Minor congenital anomalies as ...
Lipitz S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of fetuses with isolated borderline, unilateral ventriculomegaly. DESIGN: A retrospective survey was conducted at four perinatal centers in Israel. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Only fetuses with one ventricular width of > or = 11 mm and the other < 10 mm were included in the study. ...
Grandjean H - - 1998
In this prospective study, we recorded details on 3,685 fetuses with congenital structural abnormalities from an unselected population of women who underwent routine ultrasound examinations during their pregnancies. Overall, 2,262 fetuses were diagnosed as being abnormal before birth (sensitivity = 61.4%). The total number of abnormalities was 4,615, of which ...
Bronshtein M - - 1998
Our objective was to construct a nomogram of the fetal lingual size early pregnancy and to assess the size of the tongue in abnormal fetuses. The lingual width was measured by using transvaginal ultrasonography in 80 normal fetuses at 13 and 18 weeks' gestation. In addition the tongue was measured ...
Lin C C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between various fetal congenital malformations and the biophysical profile (BPP), we tested the following hypotheses: (1) a specific organ system malformation is associated with the absence of one or more BPP parameters, and (2) four BPP parameters are not affected by the advancement of fetal ...
Simpson J M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To review the management and outcome of fetal tachycardia, and to determine the problems encountered with various treatment protocols. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SUBJECTS: 127 consecutive fetuses with a tachycardia presenting between 1980 and 1996 to a single tertiary centre for fetal cardiology. The median gestational age at presentation ...
Pospieszny N - - 1998
The experiment was conducted on 36 swine fetuses divided into the three developmental groups described by Marrable (1971). In the postdiaphragmatic part, 10 to 20 primary ganglia were found in the sympathetic trunk. They had fused with the secondary structures, and hence the sympathetic trunks studied finally consisted of 6-16 ...
Brumfield C G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To review pregnancy outcomes when two or more ultrasound scans persistently fail to visualize the fetal stomach. METHODS: A computerized ultrasound database was used to identify all fetuses in which two or more serial ultrasound examinations failed to visualize the fetal stomach. Sonographic images were reviewed retrospectively, with the ...
D'Elia A - - 1998
A quantitative analysis of various fetal activities (mouth, eye and gross body movements) was made in 10 IUGR human fetuses. The aim of the study was to see whether IUGR fetuses move differently to normal fetuses. Each real-time ultrasound recording lasted 1 h and the analysis of various activities was ...
Bronshtein M - - 1998
The aim of this study was to describe the prenatal detection of fetal nasal abnormalities by ultrasound. Transvaginal and transabdominal sonography was used for the detection of fetal malformations in 25, 114 cases. The fetal nose was visualized in all the fetuses in an oblique section and in the lateral ...
Bocconi L - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To establish a reference range of insulinlike growth factor 1 (IGF-1) values in normal fetuses and to assess whether intrauterine growth retardation is associated with increased or decreased IGF-1 levels. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of blood samples collected from 64 fetuses who underwent blood sampling at 18-38 weeks' gestation was ...
Hata T - - 1998
Our purpose was to evaluate whether the maternal ophthalmic artery pulsatility index in normotensive pregnancies with small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses is different from that in normotensive pregnancies with appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) fetuses. The cross-sectional study involved a group of normotensive pregnant women at > 34 weeks' gestation; 16 had fetuses that were ...
Boyd P A - - 1998
One hundred consecutive cases of confirmed anterior abdominal wall defect, identified prenatally in the Oxford Prenatal Diagnosis Unit over 11 years, were studied. Fifty nine per cent of cases were suspected omphaloceles and 41% suspected gastroschisis. Fifty four per cent of omphaloceles were accompanied by other defects compared with 5% ...
Abbott J F - - 1998
This study was undertaken to determine the specificity of prenatal diagnosis of posterior urethral valves. Twenty-two fetuses were diagnosed in utero with posterior urethral valves due to the presence of persistent megacystis and hydronephrosis. Ten cases had oligohydramnios and 12 had normal or increased fluid. Confirmation of diagnosis was not ...
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