Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 922
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Monteagudo L - - 2002
Fourteen hydrops fetalis cases appeared in a sheep flock in the Soria province of Central Spain in two lambing seasons in 2000. There were no previous cases of hydrops fetalis in this flock. Normal delivery could not be completed because fetal weights ranged from 12 to 16 kg and fetuses ...
Chmait Ramen - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the prenatal diagnostic capabilities of two-dimensional ultrasonography versus adjunctive three-dimensional ultrasonography for fetal cleft lip and palate. STUDY DESIGN: Fetuses that were suspected of a facial cleft were then examined sequentially with two-dimensional ultrasonography then with a targeted scan of the ...
Jaeggi Edgar T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the clinical and ultrasonographic findings and outcomes of fetuses with ductus venosus agenesis as the result of extrahepatic umbilical vein drainage. STUDY DESIGN: This was an observational study of 12 fetuses who were diagnosed with these anomalies between 1995 and 2001. RESULTS: The umbilical vein ...
Hashimoto Ryozo - - 2002
Since high anorectal malformations with fistulae in human embryos and fetuses of successive developmental stages have not been reported, the embryologic relationship between the rectal fistula (RF) and the genitourinary tract (GUT) in high anorectal agenesis (ARA) remains to be elucidated. This study investigates the developmental relationship between the RF ...
Monteagudo Ana - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the sonographic findings of sirenomelia during the first trimester on both two-dimensional sonography with color Doppler imaging and three-dimensional sonography. METHODS: Two cases of sirenomelia in primiparous patients with histories of infertility are described. The diagnosis was made on the basis of two-dimensional sonography, and three-dimensional sonography ...
Quartero H W P - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To test the usefulness and reliability of fetal magnetocardiography as a diagnostic or screening tool, both for fetuses with arrhythmias as well as for fetuses with a congenital heart defect. METHODS: We describe 21 women with either a fetal arrhythmia or a congenital heart defect discovered during prenatal evaluation ...
Blazer Shraga - - 2002
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the frequency of a nonvisualized fetal gallbladder in early pregnancy and to determine its prognostic value. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fetal transvaginal ultrasonography (US) was performed in 29,749 consecutive pregnant women at 14-16 weeks gestation. A nonvisualized fetal gallbladder was defined if the gallbladder could not be ...
Pedra Simone R F F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although the prenatal diagnosis of most fetal structural heart defects and dysrhythmias has been described, there is a paucity of information about cardiomyopathies (CMs) in prenatal life. METHODS AND RESULTS: To determine the pathogenic mechanisms, hemodynamic findings, and outcome of fetal CM, we reviewed the fetal echocardiograms and perinatal ...
Bourlière-Najean B - - 2003
The aim of this study was to assess the value of fetal skeletal radiographs in determining the etiology of fetal death. A total of 1193 post-mortem fetal skeletal radiographs were analysed. Fetuses were classified into one of three groups (group I: abnormality diagnosed during pregnancy; group II: maternal pathology; group ...
Achiron Reuwen - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) fetuses with echogenic bowel and high resistance in the umbilical artery and increased risk of developing neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. METHODS: We analyzed two groups: group 1, singleton IUGR fetuses with echogenic bowel or reversed diastolic flow in the umbilical artery, ...
Haeusler Martin C H - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the prenatal detection of gastrointestinal obstruction (GIO, including atresia, stenosis, absence or fistula) by routine ultrasonographic examination in an unselected population all over Europe. METHODS: Data from 18 congenital malformation registries in 11 European countries were analysed. These multisource registries used the same methodology. All fetuses/neonates with ...
Bergé Stefaan J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study is an analysis of neonatal outcome in 70 fetuses diagnosed over a 10-year period as having cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL-P) by ultrasonographic examination. METHODS: We describe the natural history of these 70 fetuses with orofacial clefts and select those who may be candidates ...
Dashe Jodi S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the prevalence and ultrasound detection of fetal anomalies in pregnancies with hydramnios, and to estimate anomaly and aneuploidy risks when no sonographic abnormality is noted. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies with hydramnios. Hydramnios was categorized as mild, moderate, or severe based on ...
Haak M C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the diagnostic accuracy of first-trimester transvaginal echocardiography in fetuses with increased nuchal translucency (NT) thickness, by comparing the ultrasound diagnosis with the findings on postmortem examination or mid-gestational ultrasound and neonatal outcome. METHODS: Transvaginal echocardiography was performed in 45 fetuses with ...
Pauer Hans-Ulrich - - 2003
Oligo- and polyhydramnios could be observed in 1%-7% of all pregnancies and are associated with an increased risk of fetal anomalies. We evaluated the fetal outcomes of 840 pregnancies with oligo- and polyhydramnios on the basis of ultrasonographic findings (oligohydramnios: single deepest pocket <2 cm, polyhydramnios: single deepest pocket >8 ...
FidziaƄska Anna - - 2002
The onset and sequence of motoneuron death in the lumbar part of spinal cord of seven control and five affected fetuses carrying deletion of exon 7 in the SMN gene were studied by light and electron microscopy. Naturally occurring motoneuron death in control fetuses was detected between 8 and 13 ...
den Hollander N S - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of early fetal anomaly scanning in a population at risk of fetal anomalies. DESIGN: A prospective study in a tertiary center of 101 consecutive fetuses at risk of congenital anomalies at 11-14 weeks of gestation. RESULTS: The principal (93/101 = 92%) reason for referral was ...
Da Silva P - - 2002
The influence of maternal nutrition during pregnancy on anterior pituitary gonadotrophin gene expression and ovarian development in sheep fetuses during late gestation was investigated. Embryos recovered from superovulated adult ewes that had been inseminated by a single sire were transferred, singly, into the uteri of adolescent recipients. After embryo transfer, ...
Yeo Lami - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sensitivity of using a complete anatomic sonographic survey in detecting fetal abnormalities via correlation with perinatal autopsy results. METHODS: All perinatal autopsies (1994-2001) with positive findings for at least 1 fetal abnormality and performed by a single perinatal pathologist at our institution were retrospectively reviewed. From ...
Chan K L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The outcomes of prenatally-diagnosed tumours affect obstetrical management and parental decisions. The present study reviews the factors affecting outcomes for fetuses with prenatally-diagnosed tumours. METHODS: Medical records of all fetuses referred to our institutions with antenatally-diagnosed tumours were reviewed for the type and location of the tumours, results of ...
Blaicher W - - 2002
Fetal triploidy is a frequent reason for early abortion, and only few fetuses survive into the second trimester of pregnancy. Common sonographic markers for triploidy in the second trimester are severe asymmetric growth restriction (triploidy of maternal origin) and partial molar changes of the placenta (triploidy of paternal origin), together ...
Acosta R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: At birth the newborn digestive tract must assume the responsibility of assimilating nutrients for survival. Immature gastrointestinal motility in the neonate may result in impaired feeding and nutrition. Newborn gastrointestinal motility development requires the expression and functional maturation of gastrointestinal receptors. To explore the timing of fetal responses to ...
Jouannic J M JM Maternité, Hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, Faculté de Médecine Paris-V, France. - - 2002
To study the fetal response to prenatal therapy in non-hydropic fetuses with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) as a function of fetal haemodynamic status at presentation. Retrospective study. Between 1990 and 2000, 40 non-hydropic fetuses presented with SVT. Twenty-eight had reciprocating SVT and 12 had atrial flutter. Ten fetuses had significant tricuspid ...
Wadia Mahrukh R - - 2002
Prenatal diagnosis of beta-thalassemia is now ideally done in the first trimester of pregnancy by chorionic villus tissue DNA analysis. Nevertheless, fetal blood analysis in the second trimester is required either when the mutation in both parents cannot be characterised or when the couple comes late for investigations. We evaluated ...
Rotten D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To define parameters that enable the objective diagnosis of anomalies of the position and/or size of the fetal mandible in utero. DESIGN: Fetuses at 18-28 gestational weeks were examined by two- and three-dimensional ultrasound. The study included normal fetuses and fetuses with syndromes associated with known mandible pathology: Pierre ...
Fesslova Vlasta - - 2002
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: to analyse the features and outcomes of different types of atrioventricular septal defects, detected during fetal life, as compared to postnatal data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed retrospectively the data concerning 82 fetuses with atrioventricular septal defect, diagnosed from 19 through 37 weeks gestation with a ...
Fait Gideon - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the sonographic detection rate of fetal undescended testes among a low-risk population during the third trimester. METHODS: A sonographic evaluation, which included biometric studies and a detailed examination of the fetal genitalia, was performed prospectively on 332 male fetuses of singleton pregnancies between 34 and 40 weeks' ...
Viora E - - 2001
A prospective study was performed on 2119 pregnancies that underwent genetic amniocentesis. Indications for amniocentesis were either maternal age (> or =35) or triple-test results (risk> or =1/380). The study covered a 36-month period and assessed the prevalence of minor ultrasound markers both in fetuses with Down syndrome and normal ...
Dipietro J A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we wanted to model the emergence of coupling between fetal cardiac and somatic activity in normal and at-risk fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred six fetuses of uncomplicated pregnancies were longitudinally monitored at 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, and 38 weeks of gestation by using a fetal ...
Guys J M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to show the feasibility of an experimental model of gastroschisis using fetoendoscopic surgery on sheep fetuses, and also to perform amnioinfusion until delivery using an in-dwelling intraamniotic catheter. METHODS: We analyzed the data from 18 pregnant ewes having 26 fetuses, which underwent surgery ...
Batalha, ES
The relationship between maternal caprine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (cPAG) concentrations and fetal number was investigated in 21 nulliparous and 17 multiparous goats. Using a homologous radioimmunoassay (hm-RIA) cPAG was detected in plasma of pregnant goats from the 21st day of pregnancy. Statistical differences between goats bearing single and multiple fetuses were ...
Robinson J N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of obstetric ultrasonography in the detection of fetal cleft lip. METHODS: The study population included all women who had a fetal anatomic survey with adequate visualization of the face and who gave birth at Brigham and Women's Hospital between January 1, 1990, and January 31, ...
Tennstedt C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To analyze recent changes in fetal autopsy in response to developments in prenatal medicine. METHOD: During the period 1988 through 1997, 783 fetuses (75% induced abortions, 18% spontaneous abortions, and 7% stillbirths, all between the 12th and 40th week of gestation) with prenatally diagnosed congenital malformations and chromosomal aberrations ...
Al-Kouatly H B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors associated with intrauterine fetal demise in fetuses with unexplained echogenic bowel that is diagnosed in the second trimester. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study compared fetuses with echogenic bowel and fetal demise with fetuses with echogenic bowel who were ...
Cromie W J - - 2001
Over the past 3 decades, infant mortality has decreased nearly 50%. Although neonatal intensive care deserves much of the credit, the recent increase in prenatal ultrasonography use, from 33% of pregnancies in 1980 to 78% in 1987, has improved early detection. The authors wished to evaluate the impact on major ...
Suzuki T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study describes a 24-hour assay of autonomic nervous system activity in human fetuses with the use of a power spectral analysis of heartbeat intervals. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 6 normal fetuses and 11 growth-restricted fetuses, 3 of which were hypoxemic. Fetal heartbeats were continuously recorded for 24 ...
Hering-Hanit R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Slight morphological asymmetry of the cerebral hemispheres has been observed in fetal and newborn brains. In adults, sex differences in hemispheric asymmetry have also been reported. OBJECTIVE: To establish whether cerebral hemisphere asymmetry correlates with sex in fetuses. METHODS: Left-right cerebral hemisphere asymmetry, and the correlation with sex, were ...
Feldman D M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the antenatal course and neonatal follow-up of isolated fetal hydronephrosis. METHODS: We reviewed our ultrasonography database from January 1989 to June 1999 for all cases of unilateral or bilateral fetal hydronephrosis that had at least 1 follow-up ultrasonographic examination. Cases were defined as mild, moderate, or severe ...
Stoll C - - 2001
The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence at birth of two abdominal wall defects (AWD), omphalocela and gastroschisis and to identify possible etiologic factors. The AWD came from 265,858 consecutive births of known ouome registered in the registry of congenital malformations of Strasbourg for the period 1979 ...
Houston E W - - 2001
This case report documents the application of transabdominal ultrasonography for detecting pregnancy and monitoring fetal development in an unanesthetized, unrestrained babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa). A 4-yr-old multiparous female babirusa was trained to accept monitoring via transabdominal ultrasonography on a weekly basis postcoitus. Uterine changes associated with pregnancy were first detected at ...
Guo W Y - - 2001
OBJECT: We used MR after sonography to help us in prenatal counseling in 58 complicated pregnancies from 1998 to 2000. METHODS: All fetal MR examinations were undertaken with a 1.5-T magnet using a body-phased-array coil and an ultrafast imaging technique, half-Fourier single-shot turbo spin-echo (HASTE). Twelve fetuses were found to ...
van Heteren C F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Testing of fetal habituation to repeated vibroacoustic stimulation might give additional information concerning the fetal condition and central nervous system (CNS) functioning in postterm pregnancies. This study is designed to investigate whether healthy postterm fetuses are able to habituate and if so, if the habituation pattern of postterm fetuses ...
D'Addario V - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To obtain a nomogram of the clivus-supraocciput angle as a basis for the diagnosis of Chiari II malformation in fetuses with ventriculomegaly. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken on 310 normal pregnant women of 16-34 weeks' gestation. A mid-sagittal section of the fetal skull was obtained and the angle ...
De Sousa P A - - 2001
Sheep fetal development at 35 days of gestation was examined following natural mating, in vitro production (IVP) of fertilized embryos, or somatic cell nuclear transfer (NT). Five crossbred (Blackface x Black Welsh) and four purebred (Black Welsh) fetuses and their associated placentae produced by natural mating were morphologically normal and ...
Xu Z - - 2001
The present study examined physiological and cellular responses to central application of ANG II in ovine fetuses and determined the fetal central ANG-mediated dipsogenic sites in utero. Chronically prepared near-term ovine fetuses (130 +/- 2 days) received injection of ANG II (1.5 microg/kg icv). Fetuses were monitored for 3.5 h ...
Mazza V - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: A longitudinal evaluation by sonography of external genitalia in human embryos/early fetuses with a known time from fertilization is lacking. Our aim was to assign by sonographic evaluation of external genitalia the early fetal gender in a cohort of pregnancies after in vitro fertilization. Sonographic examinations were performed in ...
Nordgarden H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) comprises defects in hair, teeth, and sweat glands. Disturbances in other ectodermal tissues have been associated with the condition. Our objective was to examine ectodermal craniofacial structures histologically in a fetus with HED and to compare the findings to similar structures in normal control fetuses. ...
Malas M A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the growing of the caecum and the vermiform appendix during the fetal period in human fetuses and the relation between growing and shape of the caecum and the localization of the vermiform appendix. METHODS: 40 male and 40 female externally normal-looking ...
Malas M A - - 2001
The purpose of the present study is to assess the development of seminiferous tubule volume, stromal volume and total testis volume in the human fetal testis during the fetal period using the stereological method. In this study, we examined 90 testes of 45 human fetuses with no congenital anomalies and ...
Boudjemline Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Conotruncal malformations (CTMs) are a major feature of 22q11 microdeletion (22qdel). The prevalence of 22qdel in fetuses harboring these defects is unknown. We assessed the prevalence of 22qdel in a population of fetuses with conotruncal cardiac defects. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive fetuses (n = 261) with a CTM and a ...
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