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Pinto Rafael M - - 2007
Ginkgo biloba is a plant used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, cerebrovascular insufficiency and peripheral vascular diseases that showed reproductive toxicity in vitro and in the mouse model. In this study, pregnant Wistar rats received 0, 3.5, 7 and 14mg/kgbodyweight/day of G. biloba, by gavage, from the 8th to ...
Monsefi Malihezaman
<I>Zataria multiflora Boiss </I>(ZmB) and <I>Elaeagnus angustifolia</I> (Ea) are used in traditional folk for stomach tonic. Many pregnant women take these plants to treat the digestive problem that is natural during pregnancy. There were no any reported about the effects of these plants in adult and fetus stomach. In order ...
Dane Banu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was planned to evaluate the efficiency of the 11-14 week scan in detecting fetuses with major fetal structural abnormalities. METHODS: Some 1,290 pregnant women were submitted to a routine ultrasound scan between the 11th and 14th week after the detection of the fetal viability. The fetal anatomy ...
Hoh Jeong-Kyu - - 2007
AIMS: We studied how linear and nonlinear heart rate dynamics differ between normal fetuses (n=135) and uncomplicated small-for-gestational age (SGA) fetuses (n=65), aged 32-40 weeks' gestation. METHODS: We analyzed each fetal heart rate time series for 20 min. We quantified the complexity (nonlinear dynamics) of each fetal heart rate (FHR) ...
Santos M H B - - 2007
In order to improve fetal sexing in the Dorper sheep breed, the objective of the present study was to determine, by repeated ultrasonographic examinations, the migration period of the genital tubercle (GT) in sheep fetuses derived from natural mating or embryo transfer and to compare the accuracy of a single ...
Nowak Dariusz - - 2007
The present study's purpose has been to examine the development of the human suprarenal glands (SGs) during the prenatal period. Special attention was paid to sexual dimorphism and the differences between the parameters of the right and left SGs. Specimens were obtained from 187 human fetuses spontaneously aborted between the ...
Önder Sahin, Ömer Dogru, ...
Fetal cystic hygroma is characterized by single or multiple congenital cysts of the lymphatic system. Failure to establish venous drainage beginning around 40th day of gestation results in dilated disorganized lymph channels present as cystic hygromas. As a result lymphatic dilatation, lymphedema, single or multiloculated cystic hygromas are formed. A ...
Gardiner Helena M - - 2007
Approximately 2.8% of pregnancies are Ro/La antibody positive. 3-15% of fetuses develop complete heart block (CHB). First-degree atrioventricular heart block (1 degrees AVB) is reported in a third of Ro/La fetuses but as most have a normal postnatal ECG this may reflect inadequacies of Doppler measurement techniques. Comparison was made ...
Zalel Yaron - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform high-resolution sonographic examinations to determine the normal anatomic relationship of the conus medullaris (CM) of the spinal cord with the vertebral column during different stages of gestation. METHODS: In this prospective study, fetal sonographic evaluations were performed between 13 and 40 ...
O'Connell Amanda E - - 2006
We and others have shown previously that fetuses at midgestation can survive 30 min of complete umbilical cord occlusion, although hydrops fetalis (or gross fetal edema) results. To investigate whether this hydrops resolves by late gestation and if there are any long-term consequences of the asphyxial insult on the heart ...
Zohav Efraim - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A prospective comparative study was conducted to investigate the effect of multifetal pregnancies on the quality of nuchal translucency measurements using an image scoring method. METHODS: The study sample included 72 consecutive multiple gestations (164 fetuses) and 195 singleton gestations (control) matched for maternal age and fetal crown-rump length. ...
Danzer Enrico - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of fetal myelomeningocele (MMC) repair on fetal head biometry and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) spaces assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MR) studies. STUDY DESIGN: Axial measurements of intracranial structures were taken at defined anatomical landmarks. Pre- and postnatal head biometry data and CSF spaces obtained from ...
Cetin Esra - - 2006
The objective of this study was to explore the fetal development of the stomach, its morphology and relationship with neighboring structures. The study is carried out in 2003 using 160 human embryos and fetuses (81 males and 79 females) aged between 9 and 40 weeks of gestation. None of the ...
Dicke Jeffrey M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the frequency of sonographically detected fetal renal disorders, the correlation of fetal renal pelvis dilatation (RPD) with the need for postnatal surgery, and proposed management of RPD. METHODS: The study population consisted of 342 fetuses with prospectively identified isolated renal abnormalities and known follow-up. Fetuses with ...
Kim Nancy - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To examine the echocardiographic features, associated anomalies, and outcomes of fetuses diagnosed with double outlet right ventricle (DORV). METHODS: Fetuses with DORV were identified from 987 fetal echocardiograms performed from August 1, 2002 to August 1, 2004. The medical records of 19 fetuses with DORV were reviewed. RESULTS: Nineteen ...
Yan Fang - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristic patterns of facial expression in fetuses aged from 28 to 34 weeks using 4-dimensional (4-D) ultrasonography. METHODS: The faces of 10 healthy fetuses aged from 28 to 34 weeks were recorded continuously for 15 min with a 4-D ultrasonographic machine performing up to 25 frames ...
Hofstaetter Cornelia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of a cardiovascular profile score in the surveillance of fetal hydrops. METHODS: In a retrospective study, 102 hydropic fetuses were examined between 15 and 37 completed weeks of gestation with ultrasonographic assessment of hydrops, heart size, and cardiac function, and arterial umbilical and venous Doppler ...
Efrat Z - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound determination of fetal sex can benefit decision-making regarding invasive prenatal testing in pregnancies at risk of sex-linked genetic abnormalities. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of fetal sex determination by ultrasound at 12-14 weeks of gestation in a large cohort. METHODS: Fetal gender assessment ...
Saltvedt S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the antenatal detection rate of malformations in chromosomally normal fetuses between a strategy of offering one routine ultrasound examination at 12 gestational weeks (gws) and a strategy of offering one routine examination at 18 gws. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Multicentre trial including eight hospitals. POPULATION: A ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2006
Prenatal diagnosis of fetal growth restriction (FGR) is very important, as FGR may have increased risks with perinatal morbidity and mortality. Fetal humerus dysplasia is associated with a variety of congenital syndromes and FGR. For the assessment of the efficacy of fetal humerus volume in predicting FGR, we undertook a ...
Blazer Shraga - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present sonographic and pathologic findings in early and late onset fetal microphthalmia. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal sonography was prospectively performed in 30,989 consecutive pregnancies at 14 to 24 weeks' gestation. In addition, we retrospectively reevaluated US recordings of 4 fetuses from other hospitals, ...
Borsellino Alessandro - - 2006
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Technical refinements and increasingly sophisticated equipment have led to higher sensitivity in prenatal diagnosis of congenital malformations; however, such progress may be accompanied by decreased specificity. The aim of this study is to evaluate evolution of prenatal diagnosis from the first sonographic suspicion of fetal anomaly until after delivery ...
Axt-Fliedner R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the development during gestation and up to 1 year postnatally of isolated small ventricular septal defects (VSDs) not visible by gray-scale imaging and detected only on color Doppler fetal echocardiography. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 146 fetuses with isolated VSDs detectable only on color Doppler ...
Becher J-C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the neuropathology of fetuses dying before birth, to determine the timing of any brain damage seen and to ascertain clinical associations of pre-existing brain damage. DESIGN: Population-based observational study. SETTING: All 22 delivery units within Scotland, 1995-1998. SAMPLE: All stillborn fetuses > or =24 weeks of gestation ...
Faro C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the development of the metopic suture in fetuses with holoprosencephaly at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound was used to measure the height and gap between the frontal bones in 200 normal fetuses and in nine fetuses with holoprosencephaly ...
Tchirikov Michael - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The ductus venosus (DV) and the intrahepatic branches of the portal vein are arranged as parallel vessels. Blood shunting through the DV ensures fetal survival during periods of stress. The availability of a suitable animal model with similar structure and function to the human fetus would greatly improve the ...
Axt-Fliedner R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the umbilical cord diameter (UCD) in euploid and aneuploid fetuses at 11-14 weeks of gestation. METHODS: In 299 fetuses at 11-14 weeks of gestation the UCD, the nuchal translucency and the a-wave of the ductus venosus were measured. Reference ranges for the UCD according to the gestational ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2006
It is well-documented that fetal growth restriction (FGR) may have increased risks of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Early detection of FGR is crucial in prenatal care and daily practice. We undertook a prospective and cross-sectional study using quantitative 3-D ultrasound (US) to assess the efficacy of fetal liver volume (LV) ...
Andonotopo Wiku - - 2006
AIM: To find out whether the quantity of fetal facial expression and quality of body movements can be used as an additional diagnostic criterion for prenatal brain impairment in fetuses with growth restriction. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 50 uncomplicated healthy women as control group with ...
Morgan Lynn M - - 2006
When I found myself at the center of a controversy over the disposition of an old collection of human fetal specimens at Mount Holyoke College, I was motivated to explore the historical transformation that turned embryo collecting for research and pedagogical purposes from a noble to a disparaged practice, and ...
Tsukimori Kiyomi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To distinguish congenital chylothorax from other causes of hydrothorax in utero. METHODS: Serum and pleural fluid samples from 8 fetuses with congenital chylothorax and 5 control fetuses with other causes of hydrothorax were tested for total protein, albumin, IgG, IgA, and IgM. RESULTS: Fetuses with congenital chylothorax had higher ...
Kohl Thomas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The current operative approach for fetal repair of spina bifida aperta requires maternal laparotomy and hysterotomy. Following technical feasibility studies in sheep, we performed percutaneous fetoscopic patch coverage of this lesion in 3 human fetuses between 23 + 4 and 25 + 3 weeks of gestation. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Ferrario Manuela - - 2006
This study proposes new indexes extracted from fetal heart rate signal in order to identify intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) fetuses and separate them from healthy small for gestational age ones (SGA). Unfortunately evidence-based guidelines for clinical surveillance are poor and lack of reliable indexes. Therefore we proposed new parameters: the ...
Guihard-Costa Anne-Marie - - 2006
The aim of this study was to specify the early setting of the particular craniofacial morphology in Down syndrome during the fetal period from data based on postmortem examinations. The study included 1277 fetuses at 15-38 gestational weeks (GW): 922 control fetuses and 355 fetuses with trisomy 21, selected from ...
Svedin Pernilla - - 2005
White-matter damage has been associated with the development of cerebral palsy in children born both prematurely and at term, and it has been suggested that intrauterine infection can contribute to the brain injury. However, the relative importance of age on white-matter injury following infectious exposure in utero remains unclear. In ...
Tilea Bogdana - - 2006
We report two cases of fetal inner ear abnormalities diagnosed by MRI. Cerebral MRI was performed on two fetuses, at 32 and 30 weeks gestation, following US that demonstrated multiple malformations suggestive of CHARGE syndrome in one fetus and ventriculomegaly and poor visibility of the posterior fossa in the other. ...
Saito Kenichi - - 2006
A short period of exposure of pregnant mice to a strong static magnetic field of 400 mT -- 8000 times that of the earth -- in a dorso-ventral direction had teratogenic effects on developing fetuses. Fetuses were exposed to the static magnetic field in utero for 6 min on 1 ...
Kikuchi Akihiko - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Many studies on the physiology of the cardiovascular system reported that nonlinear chaotic dynamics may govern the generation of the heart rate signal. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the heart rate dynamics of an intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) fetus is different from a healthy normal fetus by nonlinear methods of ...
Bronshtein Moshe - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to describe the sonographic features of fetal glossoptosis in the Pierre Robin sequence. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal sonography was prospectively performed in 8000 consecutive pregnancies at 14 to 24 weeks' gestation. In addition we retrospectively reevaluated ultrasound recordings of 4 fetuses from other hospitals, in which ...
Sari A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the normal configuration and size of the third ventricle in second and third trimester fetuses in a normal population, and to compare our values with those of previously published studies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of fetal third ventricular width and configuration was obtained by antenatal ultrasonography in ...
Smartt James M JM - - 2005
The spheno-occipital synchondrosis is an important growth center of the craniofacial skeleton and a primary site of malformation in syndromic forms of craniosynostosis. Clinical and laboratory investigations have demonstrated that premature closure of cranial vault sutures in nonsyndromic craniosynostosis is associated with characteristic alterations in cranial base morphology. However, a ...
Brantberg A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the outcome of a case series of fetuses with omphalocele. METHODS: Ninety fetuses with omphalocele at the National Center for Fetal Medicine (NCFM) between January 1985 and January 2004 were followed from the time of prenatal diagnosis. Follow-up times ranged from ...
Allen Rebecca H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The goal of our study was to assess the pregnancy outcome of fetuses with a diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) on prenatal sonography to determine the frequency of intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) and any factors associated with IUFD. METHODS: We reviewed all cases with the diagnosis of ...
Prefumo F - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To report the association between thoracic vascular malformations observed in the first trimester of pregnancy and Down syndrome. METHODS: The clinical features were reviewed of seven fetuses undergoing chorionic villus sampling (CVS) for increased nuchal translucency (NT) thickness, in which color Doppler ultrasonography revealed a vascular malformation in the ...
Adelberg Amy - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine myelomeningocele (MMC) repair decreases hindbrain herniation and the need for postnatal ventriculoperitoneal shunting. We examined the impact of intrauterine repair on the progression of ventriculomegaly in utero. STUDY DESIGN: Fetuses with MMC were identified through computerized databases from June 1988 to April 2003. A retrospective cohort design was ...
Slesnick Timothy C - - 2005
Little is known about the characteristics and outcomes of fetuses with pericardial effusions (PEs); therefore, this study sought to identify factors associated with fetal PEs and the natural histories and outcomes of fetuses with PEs. Large PEs are associated with a greater likelihood of structural heart disease, impaired cardiac function, ...
Sivasankaran Sivasubramonian - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To describe the echocardiographic features, underlying causes, and outcome of fetuses with dilated cardiomyopathy. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study between 1983 and 2003 at a tertiary centre for fetal cardiology. PATIENTS: Affected fetuses were identified using a computerised database. We included fetuses with dilation and reduced systolic function of ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2005
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is an important issue in perinatology. To assess the efficacy of fetal thigh volume (ThVol) in predicting IUGR, we undertook a prospective cross-sectional study using quantitative 3-D ultrasound (US). During the study period, 30 fetuses with IUGR and 282 fetuses with non-IUGR were included for the ...
Borgida Adam F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of echogenic intracardiac focus (EIF) by race/ethnicity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis from January 1996 through June 2003. We reviewed all initial sonograms from 14 to 23 weeks gestation in singleton pregnancies. Mothers on admission for delivery provided race/ethnicity. RESULTS: There were 8207 ultrasounds ...
Goldstein Israel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A fetal ultrasonographic (US) finding of mild ventriculomegaly (MVM) is not uncommon, but its prognostic significance is not clearly defined. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and US characteristics and outcome of fetuses with mild dilatation of the cerebral lateral ventricles. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of ...
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