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Results 451 - 500 of 917
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Nakao T - - 1998
A number of studies on sexual differences in the ilium have been reported. However, most of these studies have focused on the adult ilium. With regard to sexual differences in the fetal ilium, few studies have been carried out. Especially, there have few studies regarding sexual differences in the fetal ...
Takai Y - - 1998
We applied microsatellite analysis to prenatal diagnosis of Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), an autosomal recessive severe muscular dystrophy associated with brain malformations. Recent identification of the FCMD gene locus at 9q31-q33 provided the basis for prenatal diagnosis and carrier detection. We recently developed new microsatellite markers which are closer ...
Benacerraf B R - - 1998
PURPOSE: We evaluated the outcome of fetuses with prenatally diagnosed undescended testes at 35 weeks or more of gestation. METHODS: We identified the fetuses in our database in whom undescended testes were identified sonographically in the last month of pregnancy and for whom outcome information could be obtained. Associated sonographic ...
Ober C - - 1998
The role that maternal and fetal human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes play in pregnancy is unknown, but it has been suggested that fetuses whose HLA alleles do not differ from maternal alleles (i.e. histocompatible fetuses) are more likely to be aborted than fetuses with HLA alleles that differ from maternal ...
Beaudoin S - - 1998
For clinicians it is very difficult to evaluate the prognosis of a left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) at prenatal ultrasound examination. Surgical studies show that the presence of a large part of the liver in the chest is a criterion of poor prognosis. However, ultra-sonography encounters some difficulties in determining ...
Chen C P - - 1998
We present the in utero appearances and postmortem radiographic findings of two sib fetuses, a male and a female, with features suggestive of kyphomelic dysplasia. The fetuses had severe bowing of the long bones, short, flared ribs, platyspondyly, metaphyseal flaring, skin dimpling, with normal external genitalia and karyotypes and a ...
Butler P E - - 1998
Timing and outcome of antenatal surgical intervention is being explored using fetal animal models. Models that are currently used range from larger animals with fewer offspring and higher cost to smaller animals with larger litters and lower cost. The rabbit is an ideal "small" animal model for experimentation in the ...
Pretorius D H - - 1998
Though the reported frequency of infant hydrocele has varied, the frequency of hydrocele in the fetus has not been studied. Our purpose was to determine the frequency of fetal hydrocele in the third trimester and subsequent outcome. Of the 123 fetuses studied, 19 fetuses had hydroceles. Of these, 14 babies ...
Gartner L P - - 1997
Fetuses of pregnant CD-1 mice, exposed to 0.1% nicotine sulfate at a dose of 1.67 mg/kg body weight from the 6th through the 15th gestational days were compared with control fetuses to assess the effects of nicotine on tongue development. Mothers were sacrificed on the 18th gestational day. The heads ...
Vindla S - - 1997
Fetal behaviour [fetal heart rate (FHR) variation and movements (FA)] was studied in 27 normally grown fetuses and in 18 fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). FHR and FA were recorded using a single 1.5 MHz ultrasound transducer and analyzed by computer. The IUGR fetuses had significantly lower FA rates ...
Haimovici J A - - 1997
Enlargement of the cisterna magna has been reported to be associated with aneuploidy. In prior studies of cisterna magna enlargement, however, those fetuses with abnormal chromosomes have had other sonographic abnormalities in addition to a large cisterna magna. Our goal was to assess the clinical significance of the isolated finding ...
Dumic M - - 1997
We report on the prenatal diagnosis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase in 20 at-risk pregnancies (16 salt-wasting and 4 simple virilizing families). We have diagnosed 3 affected fetuses (2 males and 1 female), 3 healthy homozygotes (2 males and 1 female), and 14 healthy heterozygotes (7 females and ...
Okada T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to clarify development of filtration property of fetal renal glomerulus when maternal kidney is dysfunctional. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maternal bilateral ureteral ligation was performed on days 17, 19, and 21 of pregnancy. One day after each operation, cationized ferritin (CF), native ferritin (NF), and ...
Tabsh K M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Fetuses diagnosed with posterior urethral valve syndrome risk development of significant pulmonary and renal complications. Historically, medical options included expectant management, percutaneous shunting, fetal surgery, and pregnancy termination. CASE: A 34-year-old primigravida presented at 26.5 weeks' gestation with severe fetal hydronephrosis. In lieu of the aforementioned options, the patient ...
Aslan A - - 1997
Although effects of stress on the stomach have been extensively investigated in children and adults, our knowledge about effects of fetal distress (FD) on the fetal stomach is quite limited. Therefore, an experimental study was planned to evaluate the effects of FD on fetal gastric physiology and histology. In this ...
Wisser J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to assess fetal kidney function in fetuses with megavesica diagnosed during the first half of pregnancy before treatment. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective interventional study 9 fetuses with megavesica diagnosed during the first half of pregnancy underwent vesicocentesis. Fetal urine biochemical markers (urine electrolytes, osmolarity, and ...
Rohrmann D - - 1997
PURPOSE: We developed and tested an animal model of bladder dysfunction due to posterior urethral valves using partial outlet obstruction of the fetal rabbit bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Partial bladder outlet obstruction of fetal rabbit bladders was created on day 23 of gestation. Of the litter of 8 to 10 ...
Kramer R L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate possible differences in measurements of the width of atria of the lateral cerebral ventricles of male and female fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: A prospectively entered database was reviewed to identify patients undergoing ultrasound examination at > 13 weeks between July 1, 1994 and June 30, 1995. Inclusion criteria ...
Vermillion S T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether continuing exposure to indomethacin tocolysis is associated with an increased incidence of constriction of the human fetal ductus arteriosus with advancing gestational age. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal echocardiograms were reviewed in 61 cases in which the pregnant women were treated for preterm labor with ...
Hernádi L - - 1997
The advantages and limitations of transvaginal (TV) sonography in detecting fetal anomalies in the 12th week of pregnancy were examined in a prospective screening study of an unselected population. During a 3-year period, 3991 examinations were performed and 35 fetuses were identified as having 43 anomalies (0.9 per cent). Most ...
Kiserud T - - 1997
The presence of echogenic material within the gallbladder is probably a rare finding in the fetus, and the list of predisposing factors known for postnatal life seems not to be applicable to prenatal diagnosis. In the present study 1656 obstetric scans were performed on referrals to the Unit of Fetal ...
Wise T - - 1997
With emphasis on increasing litter size to improve productivity and profitability, lightweight pigs born will increase in number as litter size increases and may be problematic due to reduced neonatal survival of lightweight pigs. To study developmental aspects of lightweight fetuses, fetal and placental weights were evaluated at three stages ...
Patricolo M - - 1997
In this study we developed a model of in vivo intrauterine partial liver resection in the fetal rabbit to analyze fetal liver regeneration. After intravenous anesthesia, 12 time-dated pregnant, California rabbits underwent a midline laparotomy and minimal hysterotomy at 24-25 days of gestational age. One fetus was exposed from each ...
Degani S - - 1997
Mild fetal pyelectasis is a relatively common finding. The objective of this study was to assess its recurrence rate in subsequent pregnancies. The study comprised 420 women with two consecutive normal uncomplicated pregnancies screened at 15-24 weeks' gestation by ultrasound. Pyelectasis was defined as a fetal pelvis of 4 mm ...
Teixeira J - - 1997
To assess the value of abdominal circumference measurements in the second trimester as a predictor of mortality in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, 34 fetuses with this condition who had had second trimester ultrasonographic evaluation were analyzed retrospectively for abdominal circumference measurements, content of the hernia, and pregnancy outcome. The ...
Hertzberg B S - - 1997
PURPOSE: To define the size and appearance of the normal fetal third ventricle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The third ventricle was prospectively assessed in 441 consecutive normal second- and third-trimester fetuses. The fetuses were divided into six gestational age ranges. Data regarding the size and configuration of the third ventricle were ...
Levine D - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The sonographic examination of fetuses is generally thought to be compromised when oligohydramnios is present because of the subjective impression of less adequate visualization of fetal anatomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent to which oligohydramnios limits our ability to detect major anomalies on sonograms. ...
van Zalen-Sprock R M - - 1997
Embryological development was investigated by ultrasonography in a longitudinal study of 18 normal pregnancies. The appearance of midgut herniation was studied and if present, its circumference was valued. In addition, patients with an elevated risk for anomalies were scanned between 10 and 16 weeks of gestation. In 17 fetuses, the ...
Vindla S - - 1997
An observational study was undertaken to evaluate a computerized fetal behavior program in a clinical setting. Behavior of normal fetuses was compared with that of fetuses with a variety of congenital abnormalities. Forty-three fetuses were studied at 28-36 weeks; 26 were normal (49 recordings) and 16 had congenital abnormalities (26 ...
Rosati P - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation of sonographic transvaginal signs of cystic hygroma and fetal outcome. METHOD: Diagnosis was made in 11 cases at 9.1-13.4 weeks of gestation. Fetal karyotype, presence of septations and other associated malformations were considered. The volume of septated and non-septated cystic hygromas was compared by a ...
Yanai S - - 1997
To clarify whether twin fetuses could be clustered quantitatively observing in utero cardiovascular system function, 71 twin-paired fetuses between 24 and 40 weeks' gestation were subjected. Cluster analysis was performed using four variables; end-diastolic dimension and fractional shortening in the right ventricle (EDD, FS), resistance index in the umbilical artery ...
Bronshtein M - - 1997
A small left heart ventricle with a normal outflow tract was detected by transvaginal ultrasound in 16 fetuses at 14-16 weeks' gestation. A high incidence of associated anomalies was found in these fetuses, namely coarctation of the aorta (5), abnormal karyotype (4), cystic hygroma (4), and ventricular septal defect (3). ...
Grignon A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the outcome at birth for fetuses in which echogenic dilated bowel loops (EDBL) are detected before 21 weeks of gestation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken of 45 patients with EDBL. Sonographic criteria included dilated bowel with an echogenic ...
Simpson J M - - 1997
Persistent fetal tachycardias are known to have an adverse effect on fetal outcome. The outcomes of intermittent fetal tachyarrhythmias over a 12-year period at a tertiary fetal cardiology center were studied. Main outcome criteria included control of arrhythmia and death during the prenatal or postnatal period. A total of 28 ...
Reynders C S - - 1997
In this study, we determined the outcome in cases of isolated nuchal lucency seen sonographically in the first trimester in fetuses without karyotypic abnormalities. We reviewed all cases of isolated localized fetal nuchal lucency (3 mm or greater) in 9 to 14 week fetuses over a 4 year period. Fetuses ...
Achiron R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical significance of in utero detection of fetal cerebral lateral ventricular asymmetry. METHODS: We used high resolution ultrasonography to study asymmetries of the fetal lateral ventricles in the human brain. A retrospective survey was conducted on 7200 pregnant women who presented at two large district hospitals ...
Surányi A - - 1997
A relationship was sought between renal hyperechogenicity and the hypoxic state of fetuses. 120 pathological pregnancies were examined between the 28th and 36th week. All of these women exhibited moderately increased levels of hepatic enzymes, 3 of them had a pathological kidney function, and 4 of them displayed hyperuricemia during ...
Qi B Q - - 1997
Associated congenital anomalies have emerged as the most significant prognostic factor in babies born with oesophageal atresia and/or tracheo-oesophageal fistula (OA-TOF). The most frequently encountered groups of anomalies are cardiovascular (CV) and gastrointestinal, the former being more significant from a prognostic point of view. Some, such as a right-sided aortic ...
Ljubić A - - 1997
The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlation between valine and glycine, representatives of essential and nonessential amino acids, in appropriate and small fetuses for gestational age with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. Umbilical venous cord blood was obtained by cordocentesis at 22 to 29 weeks' gestation from 18 ...
Cimen M - - 1996
In this study carried out on the development of arteriovenous anastomoses (AVAs) in Rattus norvegicus species, the fetus was followed up 10 days after post coitum (pc). The sections obtained from the fetuses of 10-20-day rats were subjected to the usual processes for examination under the light microscope. Various staining ...
Brumfield C G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To compare karyotypic, ultrasonographic, and prognostic features of septated cystic hygromas and nonseptated cystic hygromas in second-trimester fetuses. METHODS: A computerized ultrasound data base was used to identify fetuses diagnosed with cystic hygromas at 14-22 weeks' gestation. Photographs from the initial ultrasound were reviewed retrospectively for hygroma type (septated ...
Chew S - - 1996
One hundred and fifty-three patients with fetal abnormalities diagnosed on ultrasound were karyotyped between January 1992 and December 1993. There were 19 (12.4%) fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities. The risk of chromosomal aberrations in the malformed fetuses were increased in the presence of intrauterine growth retardation (15.4%), oligohydramnios (20%) and polyhydramnios ...
Sides D - - 1996
Despite the fact that hypospadias is one of the most common congenital abnormalities of the genitalia, it is often missed on prenatal sonograms. In this paper, sonographic findings of six fetuses who were prospectively suspected to have hypospadias are presented. Of the six patients, isolated hypospadias was found in three, ...
Petrikovsky B - - 1996
Normal and pathological conditions of the fetal gallbladder have been a subject of recent investigation by ultrasonographers. Fetal gallstones are the most common abnormal finding and appear as echogenic foci within the gallbladder. We report a series of five fetuses in whom the gallbladders were filled with sludge which appeared ...
Petrikovsky B - - 1996
Nine fetuses with unusually appearing echogenic foci were selected from a series of 65 fetuses with intracardiac echogenic foci studied at the Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment Unit from January 1994 until February 1996. An echogenic focus or foci were defined as a structure or structures within the fetal heart with ...
Babcook C J - - 1996
PURPOSE: To identify the sonographic appearance of normal fetal midface anatomy of in vitro fetal specimens and to correlate the appearance with that of in utero fetuses to determine which aspects of this anatomy can be evaluated clinically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The midface structures of 12 normal fetal specimens were ...
Achiron R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical significance of increased fetal bowel echogenicity in women with elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) during the second trimester. METHODS: The study group comprised six pregnant women with elevated second-trimester MSAFP (greater than 2.5 multiples of the median), whose ultrasonographic evaluations indicated hyperechogenic fetal bowel. They ...
Young I R - - 1996
Prostaglandin (PG) E2 is secreted into the fetal circulation during late gestation in the sheep. Exogenous infusion of PGE2 is associated with robust increases in the circulating concentrations of ACTH and cortisol and it has therefore been proposed that endogenous PGE2 modulates the activity of the fetal HPA axis, which ...
Ma D C - - 1996
Megakaryocytes in fetal livers obtained from 30 water-balloon aborted normal fetuses of 3 to 6 months' gestation, in the bone marrow from the same 30 fetuses, and another 9 fetuses of 7 to 8 months' gestation and in the normal bone marrow of adults were analyzed by immunocytochemical staining for ...
Grasso M - - 1996
The results of 30 prenatal diagnoses for fragile X syndrome are reported. Amniotic fluid cells were examined in 1 case, fetal blood in 4, and chorionic villi samples in the others. Of the 5 fetuses analyzed by cytogenetic methods, 1 had showed 4% of fraXq27.3 expression sites and the pregnancy ...
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