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Morris A A Anu Research Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland Cork University Maternity Hospital, Cork, - - 2014
: In the UK and Ireland, second-trimester miscarriage is defined as pregnancy loss after the 14th and before the 24th week of gestation.(1) Those who suffer a second-trimester loss represent a small cohort but experience significant morbidity associated with both their index loss and subsequent pregnancies.(1) The literature on this ...
Walker L L Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle Upon Tyne, - - 2014
: Arthrogryposis is a complex diagnosis which may result in significant disability due to mobility problems or neonatal mortality due to pulmonary hypoplasia. Long term outcomes are difficult to predict. Antenatal information was collected retrospectively from a variety of regional validated databases. Follow up data was obtained from post mortem ...
Mone F - - 2014
The aim of this retrospective observational study was to evaluate if performing fetal growth scans once or twice in the third trimester impacts on stillbirth rates in low risk pregnancies. The study was performed in a tertiary centre with 6,000 deliveries per annum. Data on all deliveries was collected via ...
Nielsen Stine Yde - - 2014
A high risk for obstetric complications has been reported among women infected with Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, but recent studies have failed to confirm these findings. We reviewed national data collected in Denmark during 2007-2011 and found 19 pregnancies in 12 women during which the mother ...
Hensch S S University of Leeds, Leeds, - - 2014
Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a rare autoimmune condition that affects women of child bearing age and accounts for around 3% of thrombocytopenias at delivery.(1) It can lead to significant maternal and neonatal bleeding complications during labour and postpartum. The aim of this audit was to evaluate the management of ...
Dias T T Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya,Sri Lanka. - - 2014
Aims of this study were to compare the perinatal mortality rate and the prospective risk of stillbirth for each given gestational age and to ascertain whether it is safe to continue the pregnancy beyond 40 weeks of gestational age and induce labour at 41 weeks in low risk singleton pregnancies. ...
Madipola N N Barking, Havering, Redbridge University Teaching Hospital, Romford, - - 2014
: Severe intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) is significantly associated with intra-uterine and perinatal morbidity and mortality. There are no reliable screening tools and currently, monitoring is with Doppler ultrasound after the diagnosis has been made. The vessels interrogated to decide optimal timing of delivery include the umbilical artery and middle ...
Walter Sl S University Hospitals Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, - - 2014
Chlamydia Psittaci infection is rare in pregnancy but can be associated with severe feto-maternal morbidity and mortality. Failure to identify at risk patients may delay diagnosis and appropriate treatment. A 30 year old nulliparous woman presented at 31 weeks gestation with pyrexia, vomiting and malaise. She had no significant past ...
Obeney-Williams J J Camden and Islington Mental Helath Trust, London, - - 2014
Studies have shownsubstance abuse among pregnant women can cause intra uterine growth retardation([4]) (IUGR) Pregnant women disclosing substance misuse before or during pregnancy were intensively monitored and this pilot represents the last six months of data. Women were asked about alcohol and drug use at booking both before and during ...
Kaler M M Barts Health, Whipps Cross University Hospital, London, - - 2014
: Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN 1) is a rare inherited disorder caused by mutations in the tumour suppressor gene MEN 1. It is characterised by a predisposition towards the development of parathyroid, anterior pituitary and entero-pancreatic tumours. Clinically, MEN 1 is defined following development of two out of ...
Carter J J Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
: Preterm birth (PTB) or mid-trimester loss is rare following term pregnancy. Caesarean section carried out at full dilatation (FDCS) is associated with increased clinical challenges(1). The integrity of the cervix may be affected by the uterine incision performed late in labour(2), however, there are few reports of clinical outcome ...
Nelson Mc M University of Nottingham, Nottingham, - - 2014
Epilepsy is a common neurological disease in pregnancy. There is an increased risk of teratogenesis in pregnant women taking antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Stopping medication can result in seizures, potentially increasing maternal and fetal morbidity. Clearance of newer drugs (lamotrigine and levetiracetam) increases in pregnancy but routinely measuring drug serum concentrations ...
Sadrudin F F University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire, Coventry, - - 2014
Maternal serum pregnancy associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) is derived from the placenta and is a component of combined screening. When combined with maternal age, fetal nuchal translucency and maternal serum free β-hCG it has a detection rate of 85-90% for trisomy 21 (1). PAPP-A levels are influenced by other ...
Halabi Rs R Leeds Teaching Hospitals Trust, Leeds, - - 2014
: Bernard Soulier Syndrome is a rare disorder of platelets, inherited predominantly as an autosomal recessive trait presenting with severe thrombocytopaenia and prolonged bleeding time, with the presence of extremely large platelets; it is associated with a high risk of serious bleeding for the mother and the neonate. Its prevalence ...
White E E City Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
: Thromboembolism is associated with significant maternal morbidity and is a leading cause of death in pregnancy. We present a 26 year old, para 2 woman who attended the combined haematology/obstetric clinic. She was diagnosed with an extensive femoral DVT at 38 weeks gestation and was given therapeutic low molecular ...
Murray Sr S Simpson Centre for Reproductive Health, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Endometrial ablation is a common gynaecological treatment for heavy menstrual bleeding.(1) The NICE guideline recommends that women undergoing ablation must be advised to avoid subsequent pregnancy(2) because of the risks of abnormal placentation.(3) We present a case of placenta percreta with uterine rupture at 21 weeks gestation requiring hysterectomy in ...
Neville G G National Maternity Hospital, Holles Street, Dublin, - - 2014
: Recent guidelines suggest intensive monitoring and consideration for delivery at 37 weeks for all small for gestational age (SGA) foetuses.(1) Adopting such an approach has considerable resource implications. This study aimed to retrospectively analyse trends in stillbirth in a major obstetric unit to ascertain if adhering to suggested guidelines ...
Voskaridou Ersi E Thalassaemia Centre, 'Laiko' University General Hospital of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
Progress in the management of patients with thalassaemia intermedia (TI) enabled increasing rates of pregnancies among TI women worldwide. Nevertheless, information regarding TI pregnancy management and outcome is quite limited in the literature. The aim of this study was to report our experience regarding the maternal and fetal outcome of ...
Randriambololona D D Faculté de médecine d'Antananarivo, université d'Ambohitsaina, hôpital universitaire de gynécologie et obstétrique de Befelatanana, Mahamasina, Antananarivo 101, - - 2014
Madagascar's population is predominantly young: those under 15 years account for 45% of the total population, and their number is expected to double again by 2025. First pregnancies accelerate particularly between the ages of 15 and 19 years among Malagasy teens. It seemed essential to know the profile of pregnant ...
Cervellin Gianfranco G Emergency Department, Academic Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the rate of unexpected pregnancy diagnoses in the emergency department of the Academic Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy. Data for all patients with a positive β-human chorionic gonadotropin test between October 2008 and September 2012 were retrieved from the hospital records. Information on age, gender, country of birth, ...
Dickinson Jan E JE School of Women's and Infants' Health, The University of Western Australia; Women and Infants Research Foundation, Perth, Western Australia, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the contribution of amnioreduction to the management of singleton pregnancies complicated by symptomatic polyhydramnios. Retrospective review of all singleton pregnancies receiving at least one amnioreduction for polyhydramnios between 2000-2012 at a single obstetric unit providing a statewide service. The indications, procedural techniques and pregnancy outcomes were evaluated. 138 ...
Akgündüz Engin E Dr.Zekai Tahir Burak Women Health Education and Research Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara, Turkey, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate placental thickness, doppler velocimetry, biophysical profile and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by idiopathic polyhydramnios. Materials and Methods: This prospective case control study was conducted on 139 pregnant women, of these 70 patients with idiopathic polyhydramnios comprised the study group and 60 pregnant women comprised the ...
Goldman Randi H RH Vincent Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Massachusetts General Hospital / Harvard Medical School, Boston MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether the success of intrauterine insemination (IUI) varies based on the type of healthcare provider performing the procedure. This was a retrospective cohort study set at an infertility clinic at an academic institution. The patients who comprised this study were 1,575 women who underwent 3,475 intrauterine insemination cycles ...
Palomba Stefano S Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit (S.P., A.F., G.C., G.B.L.S.), Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, 42123 Reggio Emilia, Italy; Department of Endocrinology (F.O.), University "Parthenope" of Naples, 80100 Naples, Italy; Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology (A.T.) and Endocrinology (A.C.), University "Federico II" of Naples, 80131 Naples, Italy; University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (G.B.L.S.), 41100 Modena, Italy; and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (F.Z.), University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, 88100 Catanzaro, - - 2014
Context: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and pregnancy are conditions characterized by an increased low-grade chronic inflammation state. A higher incidence of pregnancy complications has been detected in pregnant PCOS women. Objective: The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that the low-grade chronic inflammation state typical of PCOS ...
Zhou J J 1] Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, 58 Zhongshan Road 2, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China [2] Department of Endocrinology, The Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, 108 Yanjiangxi Road, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Observational studies relating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and pregnancy outcomes have reported conflicting results. The aim was to assess maternal 25(OH)D status and its association with pregnancy outcomes. A prospective observational study was carried out in Guangzhou city (23 ºN), China.Subjects/Methods:Pregnant women (n=2960) and healthy controls (n=100) were recruited at a ...
Kutuk Mehmet Serdar MS Erciyes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kayseri, - - 2014
The aim of this case series was to present the ultrasonographic findings, clinical features, management, and outcome of multiple pregnancies with complete hydatidiform mole and coexisting fetus (CHMCF). Sonographic features and obstetrical and perinatal outcomes of seven cases with CHMCF were analyzed retrospectively. A total of seven cases was included ...
Aoyama Kazuyoshi - - 2014
Management of the critically ill pregnant woman is complicated by potential adverse effects of both maternal illness and ICU interventions on the fetus. This paper reviews the potential risks to the fetus of maternal critical illness, including shock, hypoxemia, and fever, as well as the effects of critical care management, ...
Tartagni M M Dimo gynecology and pharmacology section,university of Bari, policlinico, Bari ,Italy - - - 2014
To evaluate the hypothesis that pretreatment with dehydroepiandrosterone(DEHA) may improve the result on in vitro fertilization (IVF) and the pregnancy outcome among infertile women with normal ovarian reserve STUDY DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. 52 infertile patients received the long protocol IVF. Patients in Group 1, received 75 mg of ...
Efe Cumali C Department of Gastroenterology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) may present in all decades of life, also in childbearing age. Data on maternal and fetal outcome is limited. We aimed to investigate the impact of pregnancy and childbirth on the disease course and possible effects of PBC on fetal outcome. Retrospective study of local cases ...
El Marroun Hanan H The Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus MC, Sophia Children's Hospital, 3000 CB, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Antidepressant and anxiolytic medications are widely prescribed and used by pregnant women for acute and maintenance therapy. These drugs are able to pass the placental barrier, and may potentially influence fetal and brain development. It is possible that exposure to prenatal antidepressants or anxiolytic medication may disturb neurotransmitter systems in ...
Hiersch Liran L Helen Schneider Hospital for Women, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine whether artificial rupture of membranes (AROM) during active phase of labor augments uterine contractility using Electrical Uterine Myography (EUM). Study Design: A prospective study of 31 women with term singleton pregnancy during active phase of labor. Using a noninvasive EUM technique, electrical uterine activity was recorded ...
Pecori Chiara - - 2014
Most of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients undergo disease modifying drug (DMD) therapy at childbearing age. The objective of this prospective, collaborative study, was to assess outcomes of pregnancies fathered by MS patients undergoing DMD. Structured interviews on pregnancies fathered by MS patients gathered in the Italian Pregnancy Dataset were collected; ...
Villegas Emilia - - 2014
Ectopic pregnancy after hysterectomy is a very rare condition, but it must be kept in mind in women with history of hysterectomy who present with abdominal pain and ecographic adnexal heterogeneous images. Since first described by Wendeler in 1895, at least 67 ectopic pregnancies (tubal, ovarian and abdominal) have been ...
Pilone Vincenzo V Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Salerno, - - 2014
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB) is a safe and effective treatment for obesity. A strong evidence links weight loss with improved fertility outcomes and reduced gestational complications in subsequent pregnancies. Our aim is to describe the impact of LAGB on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Data were collected retrospectively from the ...
Scully Marie M UCLH, London, United States; - - 2014
Pregnancy can precipitate TTP. We present a prospective study of TTP cases from the UK TTP registry with clinical and laboratory data from the largest cohort of pregnancy-associated TTP and describe management through pregnancy, averting fetal loss and maternal complications. 35 women presented with a first TTP episode during pregnancy: ...
McCoy Brittany M BM Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University Bloomington, - - 2014
Parental severe mental illness (SMI) is associated with an increased risk of offspring autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We conducted a study to examine the extent to which risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and small for gestational age mediated this association. We obtained ...
Chahwala Veer V Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, DeWitt Daughtry Family Department of Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, - - 2014
Thoracic aortic aneurysm is a rare condition that carries a critical risk of rupture and mortality. These risks are increased during pregnancy because of a progressively hyperdynamic pattern of circulation. Simultaneously, pregnancy-imposed limitations on the use of ionized radiation and intravenous contrast agents may render conventional techniques for imaging and ...
Polat Mehtap M Anatolia IVF and Women Health Center, Ankara, - - 2014
Background/Aims: To analyze whether the presence of endometriosis per se is associated with inferior pregnancy rates in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Methods: Between July 2005 and November 2012, a total of 485 patients with endometriosis under the age of 38 years undergoing their first IVF attempt at our ...
Vouga Manon M Materno-fetal and Obstetrics Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maternity, University Hospital, Lausanne, - - 2014
Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma spp. may colonize the human genital tract and have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm labour and preterm premature rupture of membranes. However, as these bacteria can reside in the normal vaginal flora, there are controversies regarding their true role during pregnancy and ...
Guiliano M M Pôle Femme Mère Nouveau-né et Pôle d'Anesthésie-Réanimation, Hôpital Jeanne de Flandre, Université Lille Nord de France, 1 rue Eugène Avinée, Lille Cedex 59037, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Uterine rupture is a rare but potentially catastrophic complication of pregnancy that requires rapid diagnosis. Classically, its signs and symptoms combine pain, fetal heart rate (FHR) abnormalities, and vaginal bleeding. The purpose of this study is to identify these signs and symptoms as well as the immediate complications of complete ...
Feld Joy J Carmel medical center, Rheumatology, 7 Michal st. , Haifa, - - 2014
Abstact Objective To assess the fetal outcomes of pregnancies of systemic lupus erythrematosus (SLE) patients in northern Israel. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The association between demographic characteristics, disease-related variables and adverse pregnancy outcome was assessed. Results Data were collected regarding 59 pregnancies of 35 SLE patients; 77.1% ...
Kim Ji Ye JY The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
To compare operative and obstetric outcomes of laparoendoscopic single site myomectomy (LESS-M) versus conventional laparoscopic myomectomy (conventional-LM). Prospective matched case-control study. A university hospital and a tertiary care center. Forty-five women underwent LESS-M (LESS-M group) and 90 women received conventional LM (conventional LM group) INTERVENTION: LESS-M or conventional LM. ments: ...
Abbasi Nimrah N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jewish General Hospital, 5790 Cote-Des-Neiges Road, Pav H, Room 325, Montreal, QC, H3S 1Y9, - - 2014
The purpose of our study was to evaluate obstetrical and fetal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by acute appendicitis, and to specifically evaluate the impact of peritonitis. We conducted a population-based cohort study using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2003 to 2010 to evaluate perinatal outcomes in ...
Shapiro Daniel B DB Reproductive Biology Associates, 1100 Johnson Ferry Road, Suite 200, Atlanta, GA 30342, USA - - 2014
Does the type of luteal support affect pregnancy outcomes in recipients of vitrified blastocysts? Luteal support with vaginal progesterone gel or i.m. progesterone (IMP) results in comparable implantation and pregnancy rates in IVF patients receiving vitrified blastocysts. In fresh IVF cycles, both IMP and vaginal progesterone have become the standard ...
Reich Michael M Department of Ophthalmology and Interdisciplinary Uveitis Center, University of Heidelberg , Heidelberg , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Comparison between the risk of recurrence during pregnancy with nonpregnant periods in patients with ocular toxoplasmosis (OT). Methods: Records of 40 women were retrospectively reviewed. The women were subdivided into either a pregnant group or a control group formed by nonpregnant women during follow-up. Comparable cases from the ...
Thompson Mary Lou ML Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
Preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) adversely affect pregnancy outcomes and the subsequent health of both mother and infant. It is known that elevated pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased risk of these obstetrical complications. However, little is known about the role of adult weight patterns ...
Sato Takahiro T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai 980-8574, - - 2014
The present study was performed to evaluate pregnancy outcomes in women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in Japan. This multi-institutional retrospective study was conducted in 40 general hospitals in Japan during 2003-2009. We evaluated 369 and 579 pregnant women with type 1 and type 2 DM, ...
Shapiro Bruce S BS Fertility Center of Las Vegas; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Las Vegas, Nevada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent dramatic increases in success rates with frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) are encouraging, as are numerous findings of several reduced risks with FET when compared with fresh transfer. These reduced risks include low birth weight and prematurity, among others. However, FET is also associated with increased risks of macrosomia and ...
Guilbaud L L Unité de Médecine Fœtale et d'Echographie, Pôle de Périnatalité, Hôpital Armand Trousseau, APHP, Paris 6, 26 Avenue A. Netter, 75012, Paris, - - 2014
The prevention of Chiari type II malformation (CM) is commonly used as a primary outcome for the evaluation of techniques of fetal myelomeningocele (MMC) surgery in the fetal lamb. The aim of our study was to investigate the frequency of the associated CM in the MMC fetal sheep model and ...
Friedel David D David Friedel, Stavros Stavropoulos, Shahzad Iqbal, Division of Gastroenterology, Winthrop Medical Center, Mineola, NY 11501, United - - 2014
About 20000 gastrointestinal endoscopies are performed annually in America in pregnant women. Gastrointestinal endoscopy during pregnancy raises the critical issue of fetal safety in addition to patient safety. Endoscopic medications may be potentially abortifacient or teratogenic. Generally, Food and Drug Administration category B or C drugs should be used for ...
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