Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 676
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Culligan Patrick - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the symphysis pubis during vaginal delivery is a rare but debilitating complication. Factors contributing to rupture are poorly defined. CASE: A healthy primigravida suffered a rupture of her symphysis pubis during an otherwise uncomplicated vaginal delivery. She experienced significant pain and difficulty walking for 6 months after ...
Howard Rebecca J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pelvic hemorrhage continues to be a serious complication of pregnancy and can lead to significant maternal morbidity. The pelvic umbrella pack is a useful alternative to control pelvic bleeding when standard measures fail. CASE: A patient with a previous low transverse cesarean delivery presented in active labor at term. ...
Hutton Eileen K - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: (1) To understand how external cephalic version (ECV) is used in the management of breech pregnancies; (2) to determine if Canadian practitioners have changed their recommendations regarding the mode of breech delivery since becoming aware of the findings of the Term Breech Trial; and (3) to establish a baseline ...
Ravid A - - 2002
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the pregnancies, method of delivery, and functional results of females with chronic ulcerative colitis who have an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. METHODS: A mailed questionnaire was sent to all females with an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for chronic ulcerative colitis. Information on the pregnancy, method ...
Vacca Aldo - - 2002
During a study of 108 vacuum assisted deliveries, a fetal hand was detected in the pelvic space between the head and maternal sacrum in seven of the procedures. The larger presenting diameters resulting from the compound fetal presentations were reflected in a greater number of pulls and higher traction forces ...
Sturm P D J - - 2002
A vaginal tampon specimen was previously shown to be suitable for the molecular diagnosis of non-ulcerative sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Different tampon fluid preparations were evaluated for the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (BV). Women with pregnancy related problems were enrolled. Two observers evaluated the different tampon fluid preparations and vaginal ...
Williams A B - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess morphologic change in the anal sphincters in the absence of endosonographic evidence of trauma after vaginal delivery. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: District general hospital. POPULATION: Consecutively booked nulliparous pregnant women attending antenatal clinic. METHODS: All women were examined using three-dimensional anal endosonography, simple manometry and had ...
Riskin-Mashiah Shlomit - - 2002
Our aim was to investigate the risk factors associated with severe perineal tears defined as either third- or forth-degree tears and, ultimately, find strategies for prevention. We carried a retrospective analysis of a computerized perinatal database, collected prospectively, from a single county hospital between January 1, 1993 and June 30, ...
Ludwig M - - 2002
The Crinone 8% preparation makes it possible to administer natural progesterone (90 mg) vaginally once daily for luteal phase support (LPS). Until now, no prospective, randomized studies have directly compared this new preparation with widely used Utrogest capsules, which were originally designed for oral administration but are used routinely as ...
Vineyard David D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We compared preoperative and intraoperative assessments of pelvic organ prolapse to ascertain whether differences existed. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a retrospective analysis of information that was collected of 193 women who underwent reconstructive operation for pelvic organ prolapse between January 1994 and April 1999 by the senior author ...
Bayó M - - 2002
The microbiota of the lower female genital tract was evaluated from vaginal swabs obtained from 623 healthy pregnant women at gestation periods of 35-40 weeks. Isolated and identified microorganisms were expressed as percentages of total samples. As expected, lactobacilli made up the dominant vaginal microbiota (70%). Enterobacteriaceae, mainly Escherichia coli, ...
Belfrage Patrick - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To analyze retrospectively a large group of term breech and vertex deliveries, with regard to the influence of the mode of delivery on the frequency of fetal and maternal complications. METHODS: All singleton breech deliveries after completed 36 weeks of pregnancy, with a live fetus, delivered at Rogaland Central ...
Fritz E B - - 2002
Patients with an imperforate transverse vaginal septum typically present in adolescence with primary amenorrhea and require surgical correction. Pregnancy in these women is associated with a high spontaneous abortion rate, but no association with incompetent cervix has been reported. We describe a patient with a high transverse vaginal septum and ...
Cherayil Gerald - - 2002
External cephalic version (ECV) has been successfully used to decrease the fetal and maternal morbidity and costs of cesarean delivery. As there are limited data regarding the use of central neuraxial blockade in the setting of previously failed ECV attempts, we sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of spinal ...
Willis S - - 2002
PURPOSE: Disturbance of anal continence is a well-known problem after vaginal delivery. However, only few and incongruent data on the incidence and pathogenesis of postpartum incontinence are available. This study examined the effects of vaginal delivery on anal continence prospectively. METHODS: In 42 unselected women anal vector manometry and endoanal ...
Abramowitz Laurent - - 2002
PURPOSE: Thrombosed external hemorrhoids and anal fissures are common and are responsible for severe discomfort during childbirth. However, the real incidence of these lesions is unknown. The aim of our study was to evaluate their incidence and the risk factors for these lesions during childbirth. METHODS: A prospective study with ...
Roopnarinesingh A J - - 2002
An objective analysis of our clinical experience with the intrapartum management of twin gestations was undertaken in order to determine whether or not routine caesarean section is justified when the first twin presents by the breech. The perinatal mortality rate for breech first twins delivered vaginally was not statistically different ...
Ewies Ayman - - 2002
The management of breech presentation at term remains controversial. It appears logical that maternal and perinatal outcomes would be improved if breech presentation could be avoided. External cephalic version is considered a safe procedure if cases are selected appropriately and anaesthesia avoided. Moxibustion is a traditional Chinese method of treatment, ...
Ola E Rotimi - - 2002
Episiotomy continues to be a frequently used procedure in obstetrics despite little scientific support for its routine use. The incidence of episiotomy and perineal tears and also the indications for episiotomy were therefore investigated in 1007 singleton deliveries between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 1997 at the Lagos University ...
Kaufman Raymond H - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine a group of women (third-generation daughters) whose mothers were exposed in utero to diethylstilbestrol (DES) and compare their findings on pelvic examination with those noted in their mothers. METHODS: Letters were mailed to women documented to have been exposed in utero to DES who had given birth ...
Yamada Tetsuo - - 2002
PROBLEM: It is unknown whether the number of vaginal polymorphonuclear leukocytes (vPMNs) of healthy pregnant women changes during pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY: We studied 23 women after 14.7 +/- 3.6 weeks, 37 women after 25.2 +/- 3.1 weeks, and 26 women after 32.9 +/- 2.0 weeks of gestation. Numbers of ...
Hewson Sheila A - - 2002
The Term Breech Trial (TBT) is a multicenter, international randomized trial that compared a policy of planned cesarean section with a policy of planned vaginal birth for selected pregnancies with a fetus in breech presentation at term. The TBT involved 121 centers in 26 countries that recruited 2088 women between ...
Groom Katie M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess UK obstetricians' preferences about mode of delivery for themselves or their partners and determine whether these changed since 1995. STUDY DESIGN: All 313 registered obstetricians in London and one in five (279) sample of those outside London were sent a structured anonymous postal questionnaire. RESULTS: The response ...
Donders Gilbert G G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To define an entity of abnormal vaginal flora: aerobic vaginitis. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium. SAMPLE: 631 women attending for routine prenatal care or attending vaginitis clinic. METHODS: Samples were taken for fresh wet mount microscopy of vaginal fluid, vaginal cultures and measurement of lactate, ...
Hofmeyr G J - - 2002
Breech presentation places a fetus at increased risk. The outcome for the baby is improved by planned caesarean section compared with planned vaginal delivery. External cephalic version attempt reduces the chance of breech presentation at birth, but is not always successful. Tocolytic drugs to relax the uterus as well as ...
Young P F - - 2001
Three to four percent of singleton pregnancies at term are complicated by breech presentation. The management options are to offer external cephalic version, to perform planned caesarean section or to aim for vaginal birth. There has been an increasing reluctance, in many centres, to allow vaginal birth. The publication of ...
Rozenberg P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of vaginal misoprostol (50 microg) with vaginal dinoprostone. DESIGN: Double-blind randomised trial. SETTING: Obstetrics Department, Poissy Hospital, France. PARTICIPANTS: 370 patients with medical indications for induction of labour. OUTCOME MEASURES: Vaginal deliveries within 24 hours, as well as time to vaginal deliveries, caesarean ...
Persad V L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and factors associated with combined vaginal-cesarean delivery in twin pregnancies. METHODS: We studied all twin births weighing 500 g or more during a 20-year period (1980-1999) at a tertiary care center. Major anomalies, monoamniotic and conjoined twins, and antepartum fetal deaths were excluded. RESULTS: During ...
Tanaka M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Rupture of a renal angiomyolipoma during pregnancy is rare and occasionally fatal. Usually emergency nephrectomy is required, with cesarean simultaneously in patients at 28 weeks' gestation or later. We have been unable to find reports of cases in which conservative treatment for a ruptured angiomyolipoma was followed by successful ...
Kelly F W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: An arteriovenous (AV) fistula in the female pelvis is a rare finding. This report describes a successful pregnancy after selective embolization of a postmolar vascular malformation. CASE: At 5 weeks of pregnancy, a 27-year-old, white female, gravida 3, para 0, was discovered on ultrasound examination to have an AV ...
Golfier F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality between planned vaginal delivery and elective cesarean section for singleton term breech presentation. STUDY DESIGN: We studied retrospectively all deliveries of singleton breech presentations at term in the public Hospitals of Lyon between 1 January 1991 and 31 December 1995. To ...
Obajimi M O - - 2001
Computed tomography (CT) pelvimetry has largely replaced conventional radiography in the antenatal assessment of pelvic dimensions, but its usefulness in the Nigerian setting is yet to be assessed. This study was undertaken to ascertain if there is a relationship between antenatal CT pelvimetric measurements and the mode of delivery at ...
Gitau R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: While it is well established that delivery by elective caesarean section is less stressful for the fetus than normal vaginal delivery, little attention has been paid to the effect on the baby of an assisted delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We examined cortisol levels in venous cord blood from seven babies ...
Chaliha C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pregnancy and delivery on anal continence, sensation, manometry, and sphincter integrity. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred eighty-six nulliparous women in the third trimester completed a symptom questionnaire and underwent anorectal sensation and manometric evaluations. Three months postpartum, 161 women returned and the questionnaires and investigations ...
Land R - - 2001
Our objective was to determine obstetricians' personal choices in relation to modes of delivery and long-term outcomes. A structured confidential survey was mailed out to all Australian and New Zealand Fellows, Members, and Australian Trainees with The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology November 1999 edition. The ...
Heit M - - 2001
The majority of childbirth injuries to the pelvic floor occur after the first vaginal delivery. Cesarean sections performed after the onset of labor may not protect the pelvic floor. Elective cesarean section is the only true primary prevention strategy for childbirth injuries to the pelvic floor. Alternative primary prevention strategies ...
Kreiser D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether ultrasonography is superior to vaginal examination for determination of fetal occiput position during the second stage of labor. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 44 parturients. During the second stage of labor, an attending obstetrician performed a vaginal examination to detect fetal occiput position. ...
Vermeulen G M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To analyse alterationS in the vaginal flora after 2% clindamycin vaginal cream or placebo administered for the prevention of preterm delivery in high risk women. DESIGN: Observational study during a randomised multicentre double-blind placebo controlled trial. SETTING: Twelve city hospitals in The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and sixty-eight women ...
Delaney M L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To relate Gram-stained smears, using the Nugent criteria, to quantitative and qualitative vaginal cultures in pregnant women. METHODS: Two independent evaluators using the Nugent criteria, a standardized method of Gram-stain interpretation designed to detect bacterial vaginosis, scored 104 vaginal smears from pregnant women. The quantitative and qualitative vaginal cultures ...
Ginsberg N A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the rate and risk factors for recurrent shoulder dystocia. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with shoulder dystocia was performed by searching a computerized database from January 1, 1993, to June 30, 1999 for the following information: (1) vaginal deliveries, either spontaneous ...
Comiter C V - - 2001
PURPOSE: Transvaginal culdosuspension for treatment of enterocele and vaginal vault prolapse is described. Surgical principles include high ligation of the hernia sac, obliteration of the cul-de-sac, and support of the vaginal cuff high on the levator plate. The normal vaginal axis is restored, and adequate vaginal depth is provided for ...
Hughes E G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare dinoprostone 10 mg controlled-release vaginal insert with other forms of vaginal or cervical prostaglandin for cervical ripening. DATA SOURCES: Literature search strategy included review of the Cochrane database of randomized trials, on-line searching of MEDLINE, hand searching of bibliographies, and contact with authors of relevant reports. METHODS ...
Kabiru W N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine trends in operative vaginal delivery rates in a large inner-city hospital and to assess associated risks. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study (1980-1996) of women with singleton term pregnancies who underwent operative vaginal delivery at Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta. ...
Nicoll A E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the effects of vaginally administered isosorbide mononitrate (a nitric oxide donor) on maternal and fetal hemodynamics in pregnant women at term. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a randomized controlled trial. Women were randomly selected to receive vaginally administered isosorbide mononitrate, 20 mg (n = 13) ...
Shihadeh A S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation of episiotomy to third degree perineal tears, and to detect the rate, indications and risk factors of both episiotomy and third degree perineal tears. METHODS: Between 1994 and 1999, 17,559 singleton vaginal deliveries were retrospectively investigated to find frequency, risk factors and relation of episiotomy ...
Adds P J - - 2001
AIM: In the light of interest being shown in amniotic membrane grafts for use in ocular surgery, this study aims to identify the bacterial contaminants commonly found on placental membranes from both caesarean and vaginal deliveries. METHODS: Samples of placental membrane were taken following both elective caesarean and normal vaginal ...
Baessler K - - 2001
Obstructed defecation may be caused by a rectocele and/or enterocele. Rectal wall procidentia may be due to an enterocele bulging into the rectum. Another cause of rectal procidentia resulting in obstructed defecation is presented. A 65-year-old woman complained of vaginal prolapse and incomplete bowel emptying. Pelvic examination revealed that a ...
Abu Shaqra Q M - - 2001
A total of 310 vaginal swabs collected from a group of married Jordanian women complaining of vaginal discharge were examined for bacterial vaginosis. The scoring system of Nugent for the interpretation of Gram staining was employed. This system revealed the presence of the condition in 29.7% of patients. Results obtained ...
Hofmeyr G J - - 2001
Tocolytic drugs to relax the uterus as well as other methods have been also used in an attempt to facilitate external cephalic version at term. The objective of this review is to assess the effects of routine tocolysis, fetal acoustic stimulation, epidural or spinal analgesia and transabdominal amnioinfusion for external ...
Kaneti H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: External cephalic version is attempted prior to the onset of labor. Women who present in labor with footling breech presentation are usually delivered by cesarean section. We present our experience of external version in women in labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: External cephalic version was attempted in thirteen patients in ...
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