Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 672
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Grigoriou Odysseas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of symptomatic vaginal candidiasis and probable predisposing factors in a university-based hospital. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 576 cases of clinical vaginal candidiasis were enrolled in this survey and wet mount preparations, Gram-stained smears and vaginal cultures were assessed. ...
Lee Gui Se Ra - - 2005
Tuberculous peritonitis in pregnancy is one of the least common forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in pregnancy. The case is described herein of a 23-year-old primigravida woman with primary tuberculous peritonitis in pregnancy at 24 weeks' gestation. Excisional biopsy taken from the peritoneum during laparotomy resulted in the histopathologic diagnosis of ...
Kaeoket K - - 2005
The aim of present study was to study the effect of post-ovulatory insemination on the subsequent embryonic loss, oestrous cycle length and vaginal discharge in sows. Ten Large White multiparous sows were divided into two groups. Group A sows were inseminated once at 15 h after ovulation. Thereafter, they were ...
Berg Christoph C Department of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, Center for Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, 53105 Bonn, Germany. - - 2006
To report on our experience with intraamniotic injection of ethacridine lactate (EL) for second trimester termination of pregnancy (TOP) and to compare its effectiveness with vaginal PGE1 in this setting. (a) Retrospective analysis of 54 intraamniotic EL-induced TOP. (b) Matched pair analysis of 50 second trimester TOP, using intraamniotic EL ...
Inanc Fatma - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of route of delivery on the antioxidant system of newborns. METHODS: We used the cord blood taken during labor of 56 vaginal deliveries and 50 elective cesarean sections. The specimens were analyzed for the plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glucose 6-phosphate ...
Fujita Kazuyuki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Vaginal squamous cell carcinoma in pregnancy is very rare situation. CASE: The patient was a 33-year-old woman, presenting with a complaint of vaginal brownish discharge at a 23 weeks of gestation. On pelvic examination at that time, a 2 by 2 cm mass on posterior vaginal fornix was seen. ...
Bowers Susan - - 2005
In this study, an attempt was made to use vaginal electrical impedance to predict calving in a female white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum) and to determine the relationship between vaginal electrical impedance and hormonal profiles during pregnancy. The principle behind vaginal electrical impedance is that a change in the ionic ...
McKinnie Vikki - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relative effects of pregnancy and mode of delivery on the prevalence of urinary and fecal incontinence. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, observational multicenter study of women presenting to 6 gynecology clinics. Demographic data collected included: height, weight, gravidity, parity, ...
Diaz-Cueto Laura - - 2005
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) may play a role in the activation of the vaginal immune system during bacterial vaginosis. However, contradictory results were obtained regarding the involvement of IL-8 in the immunological response during bacteria vaginosis. These apparently contradictory results could be due to different genetic variations of the study groups. Since ...
McLennan Mary T - - 2006
Physicians cite pelvic floor injury as a major reason for Cesarean section as their personal preferred delivery mode. This study was undertaken to determine whether patients receive information about possible pelvic floor complications of pregnancy/delivery. Day 1 post-partum women completed a 52-item questionnaire assessing information given during routine antenatal care. ...
Dunn Elizabeth A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare (i) satisfaction levels among women who delivered vaginally after one previous caesarean (VBAC) with women delivered by caesarean after previous vaginal delivery (CSAVD) and (ii) to assess reasons why women may request caesarean delivery on subsequent pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective questionnaire-based study of maternal ...
Mazouni Chafika - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate persistent anal symptoms after first instrumental delivery beyond the postpartum period. METHODS: This prospective study was performed in a cohort of primiparas who underwent instrumental delivery from January 1, 2001 to September 30, 2002. Questionnaires for anal symptoms were completed in the maternity ...
Hindawi I - - 2005
To determine the efficacy and pregnancy outcome of external cephalic version at > or = 37 weeks gestation, 90 women with a singleton breech fetus in King Hussein Medical Centre who had the procedure were compared with 102 women in a control group in whom the procedure was not attempted. ...
Won Young-Woong YW Department of Internal Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2005
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a condition that often develops in young women and, consequently, physicians should frequently manage and monitor pregnant patients with this disorder. We reviewed the charts of 30 women with chronic ITP delivered in 31 pregnancies from January 1995 to December 2003. Fifteen patients were diagnosed ...
Wongwananuruk Thanyarat - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of vaginal breech delivery at Siriraj Hospital and to evaluate factor affecting mode of delivery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University. SUBJECT: A total of 317 women with singleton breech presentation, > or =28 weeks ...
Salomon Ophira - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the presence of prothrombotic polymorphisms, such as factor V G1691A (factor V Leiden) or factor II G20210A, affect the length of secondary postpartum bleeding. METHODS: We conducted a prospective and blind study that enrolled primiparous healthy women following singleton pregnancy. Whole blood was taken for determining ...
Allen Robert H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although many retrospective studies report that brachial plexus palsies occur after vaginal delivery in the absence of recorded shoulder dystocia, there are no known prospective reports by a treating clinician (PubMed, English language only, 1952-June 2004, search terms: shoulder dystocia, nonshoulder dystocia, obstetric brachial plexus injury, Erb's palsy, Erb-Duchenne ...
Kumakiri Jun - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors influencing pregnancy outcome and evaluate vaginal birth after laparoscopic myomectomy (VBALM). DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred eight patients who wanted a child after laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) and a follow-up of at least 6 months. INTERVENTION: ...
Dandolu Vani - - 2005
The objective of this study was to identify the rate of anal sphincter lacerations in a large population-based database and analyze risk factors associated with this condition. Data were obtained from Pennsylvania Healthcare Cost Containment Council (PHC4) regarding all cases of obstetrical third and fourth degree perineal lacerations that occurred ...
Hudelist Gernot - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Anal sphincter injury and its sequelae are a recognized complication of vaginal childbirth. The aim of the present study was to identify risk factors for third- and fourth-degree perineal tears in patients undergoing either spontaneous or vaginal-assisted delivery by forceps routinely combined with mediolateral episiotomy. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively ...
Strauss Robert A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the concordance between vaginal fluid Gram stains and pH obtained at speculum exam with similar stains and pH prepared from self-obtained vaginal swabs. METHODS: Using vaginal fluid Gram stain, 129 pregnant women were screened for bacterial vaginosis at 24 to 29 weeks' gestation. Two smears were collected ...
Dupuis Olivier - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate the reliability of transvaginal assessment of fetal head station by using a newly designed birth simulator. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study involved 32 residents and 25 attending physicians. Each operator was given all 11 possible fetal stations in random order. A fetal head ...
Liu Bao-Hua - - 2005
AIMS: The aim was to research the changes in pelvic floor morphology and corresponding visceras in patients with outlet obstructive constipation (OOC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with OOC and 12 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. With simultaneous pelvicography and colpocystodefecography (PCCD), including pelvicography, vaginal opacification, voiding cystography ...
Ghosh Manindra K - - 2005
From the historical perspective, vaginal delivery of the persistent breech presentation had been the tradition since the 1st century A.D. The external cephalic version was perfected and popularized in the mid-16th century. A variety of instruments and maneuvers had been used in the 19th century, with successful application of forceps ...
Gojnic M - - 2005
With the acceptance of new ideas in medicine and modernization of life styles, it is necessary to conduct delivery as a beautiful act of giving life with the least amount of pain possible using epidural anesthesia. Thus, not only is the physical aspect of delivery improved but also benefits from ...
Nor Azlin M I - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of ritodrine tocolysis on the success of external cephalic version (ECV) and to assess the role of ECV in breech presentation at our centre. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective randomized double-blind-controlled trial comparing ritodrine and placebo in ECV of singleton term breech pregnancy at a ...
Yang Qiuying - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to estimate occurrence and explore clinical predictors of abdominal and vaginal operative delivery in vertex second twin after normal vaginal delivery of the first twin. METHODS: Data from a historical cohort study that was based on a twin registry in the United States (1995-1997) were ...
Kitayama Taku - - 2005
PURPOSE: Total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is now a common procedure for ulcerative colitis (UC). Moreover, it has been reported that fertility is preserved in women who undergo this procedure, many of whom can experience normal delivery. METHODS: We assessed the perinatal outcomes and changes in anal ...
Dannecker Christian - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The influence of the restrictive use of episiotomy at perineal tears judged to be imminent on the urethral pressure profile, analmanometric, and other pelvic floor findings is unknown. METHODS: Follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial with two perineal management policies includes the use of episiotomy: (a) only for ...
Buppasiri P - - 2005
One to eight per cent of women suffer third-degree perineal tears (anal sphincter injury) and fourth-degree perineal tear (rectal mucosa injury) during vaginal birth, and these tears are more common after forceps delivery (28%) and midline episiotomies. Fourth-degree tears can become contaminated with bacteria from the rectum and this significantly ...
Ioscovich A - - 2004
Pregnancy and delivery in patients with non-neuronopathic Gaucher disease, whether treated with enzyme replacement or untreated, are usually uncomplicated. Various factors may influence mode of delivery, vaginal or cesarean section, as well as type of anesthesia, general or regional, used during delivery. This retrospective review was intended to highlight some ...
Feurer C - - 2004
The microbial community composition and dynamics during the production of a French soft, red-smear cheese were investigated. The colonization efficiency of the smearing inoculum was followed, and the parts played by the inoculum used and the resident microflora were tentatively estimated. Single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) was applied to 2 ...
Brown Dale D - - 2004
Bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis are two of the most commonly encountered vaginal diseases. Although risk factors for both vaginal conditions have been identified, there continues to be lack of knowledge in regard to their role in association with other sexually transmitted diseases. Vaginal pH is an essential ingredient in the ...
Pinta Tarja M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to establish the incidence of anal incontinence and sphincter defects after first vaginal delivery. METHODS: A total of 99 nulliparous and pregnant women were examined prospectively 4 weeks (mean) before delivery and 4 months (mean) after delivery. Of the study population, 75 ...
Foldspang A - - 2004
AIM: The aim was to estimate the postpartum urinary incontinence (PP UI) impact of precursory UI during pregnancy (PR UI) and delivery performed by cesarean section (CS) vs. vaginal childbirth (VC). METHODS: Among the members of two population samples, in total 8610 women aged 20-59 years, 1232 had their first ...
Gurewitsch Edith D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In severe shoulder dystocia, when initial maneuvers fail, either episiotomy or fetal manipulation (Rubin, Woods' screw, or posterior arm release) is recommended. We sought to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes between severe shoulder dystocia deliveries managed with episiotomy versus fetal manipulation. STUDY DESIGN: We identified severe shoulder dystocia deliveries ...
Roberts Christine L - - 2004
Antenatal detection of breech presentations at 35-37 weeks is necessary to allow adequate time for decision making about external cephalic version (ECV) and/or caesarean section. This study aimed to increase antenatal detection of breech presentation and referral for ECV using an inexpensive patient prompt (a simple brochure encouraging pregnant women ...
Chou Margaret R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ultrasonography is more accurate than vaginal examination in the determination of fetal occiput position in the second stage of labor. STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-eight patients in the second stage of labor were evaluated by vaginal examination and by combined transabdominal and ...
O'Boyle Amy L - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate pelvic organ support during pregnancy and following delivery. This was a prospective observational study. Pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POPQ) examinations were performed during each trimester of pregnancy and in the postpartum. Statistical comparisons of POPQ stage and of the nine measurements comprising ...
Kives Sari - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Vesicouterine fistula is a rare complication of Caesarean delivery. This is the third known report of vesicouterine fistula diagnosed during pregnancy. CASE: Linda (pseudonym), a 28-year-old woman in her second pregnancy, having had a Caesarean delivery in her first pregnancy, was admitted to the delivery unit with possible preterm ...
Ugwumadu Austin - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the natural history of abnormal vaginal flora in pregnancy and estimate the efficacy of oral clindamycin in eradicating it and preventing relapse. METHODS: This was a subanalysis of a randomized trial of oral clindamycin for abnormal vaginal flora in pregnancy. All 494 enrolled women were ...
Hahnloser Dieter - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate pregnancy, delivery, and functional outcome in females before and after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for chronic ulcerative colitis. METHODS: From a prospective database of 1,454 patients who underwent ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for chronic ulcerative colitis between 1981 and 1995, a standardized questionnaire was sent ...
Onwere, S; ;
Objective: To determine the relative frequency of cephalic and breech presentations at the Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. Method: Retrospective study of 1154 obstetric patients examined by ultrasonic scanning. Results: Breech presentations were much more frequent (26.7-27.1%) between 21 weeks and 28 weeks gestation than at or near term. At gestational ...
Burrows Lara J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe postpartum maternal morbidity associated with mode of delivery in term, singleton pregnancies. METHODS: The Magee Obstetric Medical and Infant database was examined for the years 1995 to 2000. Patients were grouped into 6 types of delivery mode: spontaneous vaginal delivery, operative vaginal delivery, primary cesarean delivery without ...
Itoh Kazuko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Endometrial carcinoma associated with pregnancy is rare. We present the case of a 39-year-old woman with endometrial carcinoma in the septate uterus detected 6 months after normal delivery. CASE: The patient complained of vaginal bleeding from 32 weeks' gestation, and had a spontaneous vaginal delivery at 37 weeks. The ...
Neri I - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In many Western countries breech presentation is an indication for elective Cesarean section. In order to correct fetal presentation, the stimulation of the acupoint BL67 by moxibustion, acupuncture or both has been proposed. Since no studies had previously been carried out on Western populations, pregnant Italian women at 33-35 ...
Sharma J B - - 2005
METHODS: We describe a prospective study, done over a 2-year period in which a total of 958 women having a vaginal delivery were randomised to the drainage method (478 women) or controlled cord traction method (480 women) for placental delivery. RESULTS: The mean age, parity, gestation and birth weight were ...
Singh Bhawna Malhotra - - 2004
Aortic coarctation is an uncommon condition complicating pregnancy and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Due to the perceived risk of aortic dissection/rupture during labor, the rate of cesarean delivery is higher in these women. We report a young woman with uncorrected coarctation of aorta who had two successive ...
Bahl Rachna - - 2004
To evaluate the reproductive outcome and the mode of delivery in subsequent pregnancies after instrumental vaginal delivery in theatre or caesarean section at full dilatation. Prospective cohort study. Two urban hospitals with a combined total of 10 000 deliveries a year. A cohort of 393 women with term, singleton, cephalic ...
Al-Sweih Noora - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the vaginal colonization rate of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci, GBS) in an antenatal population in a maternity hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Anal, vaginal and combined anal and vaginal specimens were obtained from 110 pregnant women (mean age 30.7 +/- 5.5 years) at 35-37 weeks of ...
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