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Results 101 - 150 of 673
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Makino Shintaro - - 2008
AIM: This study was designed to assess the delivery outcomes of vaginal birth after cesarean section in comparison with delivery after laparoscopic myomectomy. METHODS: The following data were collected: the proportion of patients who attempted vaginal birth, success rate, maternal age, previous number of vaginal deliveries, gestational weeks, birthweight, Apgar ...
Thurmond Amy Suzanne - - 2008
The delicate fallopian tube is the anatomic pathway to human reproduction. Simple, inexpensive tools and techniques allow radiologists to access this structure for promoting, and preventing pregnancy. Results from centers worldwide have shown that catheter recanalization is possible in ~90% of women with proximal tubal occlusion using basic angiographic techniques ...
Ozkan Sebiha - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy and safety of vaginal misoprostol (PGE(1) analog) with dinoprostone (PGE(2) analog) vaginal insert for labor induction in term pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 112 women with singleton pregnancies of > or =37 weeks of gestation, and low Bishop scores underwent labor induction. The subjects were ...
Herrmann Viviane - - 2009
The aim was to estimate the incidence of stress urinary incontinence 3 years after delivery and its correlation to mode of delivery and parity. A longitudinal cohort study was conducted with 120 women at the Antenatal Clinic at the State University of Campinas. There was a significant difference in the ...
Sela Hen Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the success and morbidity rates for attempted external cephalic version (ECV) in patients with one previous cesarean delivery (CD) and a breech-presenting fetus at term. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study of outcomes of ECV at our institution for all women with one previous CD and ...
Stadtmauer Laurel - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the proportions of women demonstrating adequate endometrial transformation during a mock cycle and the 8-week clinical pregnancy rate in a donor oocyte cycle using a P vaginal ring or P vaginal gel. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled, randomized trial. SETTING: Donor egg program at an academic center. PATIENT(S): Women ...
Papiez Lech - - 2008
Derivation of formulas relating leaf speeds and beam dose rates for delivering planned intensity profiles to static and moving targets in dynamic multileaf collimator (DMLC) intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is presented. The analysis of equations determining algorithms for DMLC IMRT delivery under a variable beam dose rate reveals a ...
Hook Christina D - - 2008
The second stage of labor is a dynamic event that may require assistance when maternal efforts fail to effect delivery or when there are nonreassuring fetal heart tones. Therefore, knowing how to perform an operative vaginal delivery with forceps or vacuum is vital for family physicians who provide maternity care. ...
Wing Deborah A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the 50-microgram (misoprostol vaginal insert 50) and 100-microgram (misoprostol vaginal insert 100) dose reservoirs of the misoprostol vaginal insert to 10-mg dinoprostone vaginal insert for time to vaginal delivery and rate of cesarean delivery. METHODS: A total of 1,308 women requiring cervical ripening (modified Bishop score less ...
Erinle S A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE OF STUDY: To document sonographically identifiable causes of vaginal bleeding in secondarily amenorrhoeic women of child bearing age. METHODS: A retrospective study of ultrasonographic findings among 102 secondarily amenorrhoeic women of childbearing age with vaginal bleeding was carried out. Ultrasound scan was carried using Siemens Sonoline SL1 equipment with ...
Obi S N - - 2008
This study retrospectively reviewed 476 cases of vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) in the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu, south-east Nigeria from 1981 to 2005. The majority (86.6%) of the VVFs were of obstetric origin, resulting from vaginal delivery (n = 330), caesarean section (n = 35), caesarean hysterectomy (n = ...
Kalis Vladimir - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relevance of the suture angle when evaluating mediolateral episiotomy, and the safety of the accepted lower limit of 40 degrees for the incision angle. METHOD: The angles formed by the incision and suture lines with the midline were measured, and any perineal tear noted, in 50 ...
Stafford Irene - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare visually estimated blood loss (vEBL) with calculated estimated blood loss (cEBL) according to mode of delivery and degree of perineal laceration. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and postdelivery hematocrit (HCT) and other variables including vEBL were prospectively recorded into an obstetrical database between ...
Bracken Jessica N - - 2008
Little is known regarding patient preferences for method of delivery despite concern about rising cesarean section rates. We hypothesize that the majority of pregnant women desire a vaginal birth. An anonymous survey was distributed to pregnant women assessing demographics, pregnancy history, delivery preference, and concern for outcomes. Five-hundred fifty respondents ...
Mahony Rhona - - 2008
PURPOSE: The study was designed to determine the effect of further vaginal delivery on anal sphincter function in women after apparently uncomplicated primiparous forceps delivery. METHODS: Fifty-two secundigravid women whose first child was forceps-assisted were compared with a control group of 20 women who had undergone spontaneous first vaginal delivery. ...
Herbruck Lianne F - - 2008
Vaginal delivery is known to be associated with trauma to the pelvic floor (PF) and its muscles and ligaments. In some cases, this can lead to issues with urinary incontinence and pelvic organ descent postpartum, either immediately or in the woman's later years. Some factors during a vaginal delivery can ...
Shek Ka Lai - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Urethral hypermobility is one of the theories developed to explain stress urinary incontinence. Traumatic damage to urethral supports during vaginal childbirth may be an important contributor. AIMS: To establish a methodology to study urethral mobility, to determine the urethral motion profile in a cohort of young nulliparous women, and ...
Mutihir, J T; ;
Obstetric practice continues to change, particularly assisted vaginal delivery. Vacuum delivery is a mode of delivery technique in Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH) in the maternity unit. The objective of the study was to determine the rate of ventouse delivery, its indications, and maternal and fetal morbidity in our center. ...
Gouletsou Pagona G - - 2009
This article describes a 1.5-year-old female, Greek Hound dog, weighing 16 kg, presented with a type III vaginal prolapse which occurred during the last third of pregnancy. Trans-abdominal ultrasonography revealed four live foetuses in the uterine horns. The animal was hospitalized and 4 days later gave birth without any interference. ...
Rahn David D DD University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to identify pregnancy-induced changes in biomechanical properties of the vaginal wall and to compare these with fibulin-5 knockout mice (Fbln5(-/-)) with and without prolapse. Mid-vaginal segments of nonpregnant and late-pregnant wild-type mice, Fbln5(-/-) with prolapse mice and Fbln5(-/-) mice without prolapse were studied. Tissue ...
von Eye Corleta Helena - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of ureterovaginal fistula secondary to transvaginal oocyte retrieval (TVOR). DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: IVF Center IN a private hospital. PATIENT(S): A 31-year-old woman presented immediately after TVOR with right lower abdominal pain with irradiation to the suprapubic area and vaginal discharge. INTERVENTION(S): Vaginal examination, creatinine ...
Parveen Naheed N Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Isra University, Hyderabad. - - 2008
To determine the frequency of vaginal candidiasis in clinically symptomatic and asymptomatic cases of pregnant women attending routine antenatal clinic. A descriptive cross-sectional study. The antenatal clinic of Gynaecology and Obstetric Department at Isra University Hospital, Hyderabad, from April to October 2005. A total of 110 pregnant women were nonrandomly ...
Zhu Lan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Traumatic damage to fascial and muscular support structures during childbirth may be a major factor of the development of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the role of different childbirth strategies on POP and SUI. METHODS: A ...
Demaria Fabien - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To use 3-dimensional ultrasonography (3D-US) to determine the frequency of post-voiding residual volume (PVRV) > or =100 mL in primiparae 3 days after receiving epidural anesthesia for vaginal delivery. Potential relationships between day-3 PVRV > or =100 mL and obstetrical-pediatric parameters, especially those possibly implicated in post-obstetrical bladder dysfunction, ...
Rodriguez Alexander - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether selective midline episiotomy contributes to the prevention of third- or fourth-degree perineal lacerations. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled clinical trial was performed with 446 nulliparous women with deliveries after 28 weeks of pregnancy. Patients were randomized to undergo either routine ...
Wittels Kathleen A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of emergency department (ED) visits for vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy (VBEP). STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 1993-2003. Cases presented with a complaint of vaginal bleeding and had diagnoses consistent with ...
Mehra Neelesh Kumar - - 2008
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are considered for use in numerous technological applications, including as biocompatible modules for the delivery of bioactives. However, there are unique properties of CNTs that limit their use as vehicles for various purposes. This review highlights the various challenges to a pharmaceutical scientist while exploring CNTs as ...
Murina Filippo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a specific set of vaginal dilators (Amielle Comfort) as a part of vestibulodynia therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Fifteen women referred for vestibulodynia, localized vulvodynia, were advised to use vaginal dilators (Amielle Comfort) accompanied by standardized instructions, after previously receiving 1 or more therapies for the ...
Usta Ihab M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the recurrence risk of shoulder dystocia in women who have previously experienced at least once shoulder dystocia. DESIGN: A retrospective study of vaginal deliveries complicated by shoulder dystocia. Setting. American University of Beirut Medical Center - Lebanon. SAMPLE: Vaginal deliveries complicated by shoulder dystocia over a 15-year ...
Vas Jorge - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Non cephalic presentation in childbirth involves various risks to both the mother and the foetus. The incidence in Spain is 3.8% of all full-term pregnancies. The most common technique used to end the gestation in cases of non cephalic presentation is that of caesarian section, and although it provokes ...
Duran Alaattin - - 2008
Stabilized patients who receive clozapine may wish to have children; but studies on pregnant women receiving clozapine treatment are limited. In this study, we report on clozapine use during pregnancy in two women. The first woman (Case 1) had two deliveries while she was receiving clozapine treatment for schizophrenia. Both ...
Kale Ebru - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether measurement of aspartate aminotransferase (Ast) and alanine aminotransferase (Alt) levels in vaginal fluid is useful for the diagnosis of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). STUDY DESIGN: The PPROM group and normal pregnancy group consisted of 36 and 48 pregnant patients between 26 and 36 weeks' ...
Trabert Britton B Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA. - - 2007
The objective of the study was to examine risk factors for bacterial vaginosis (BV) during pregnancy among African American women. As part of a study of preterm birth, African American women residing in Baltimore, MD, were recruited from prenatal care sites. Women enrolled prenatally (between 22 and 28 weeks' gestation) ...
Mehta Shobha H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate delivery mode management decisions and the rate of shoulder dystocia recurrence for women with a prior delivery complicated by shoulder dystocia. STUDY DESIGN: We used a computerized perinatal database and ICD-9 codes to identify all vaginal deliveries complicated by shoulder dystocia from 1996 to 2001. Subsequent deliveries ...
Ishioka Shin-ichi - - 2007
Pregnancy-related complications after vaginal radical trachelectomy (RT) for early-stage invasive uterine cervical cancer were studied in comparison with those occurring after laser conization. The strategy to reduce vaginal RT-related complications during pregnancy is also discussed. Pregnancy courses after vaginal RT in two patients and those after laser conization in five ...
Tagore S - - 2007
A 28-year-old primigravida presented at 36 weeks of gestation with a one-week history of fever with myalgia. Diagnosis of dengue fever was made based on viral polymerase chain reaction. She progressed to dengue shock syndrome by day nine and subsequently recovered. She delivered a healthy male baby by the vaginal ...
Kinugasa Masato - - 2007
AIM: We evaluated the efficacy of antepartum screening for cord presentation by trans-vaginal ultrasonography (TVS) on predicting and preventing umbilical cord prolapse (UCP) in term breech delivery. METHODS: We investigated every woman with a breech-presenting fetus for cord presentation by weekly TVS after 36 weeks of gestation since 1995. If ...
Ekström Asa - - 2008
We compared the prevalence and risk of lower urinary tract symptoms in healthy primiparous women in relation to vaginal birth or elective cesarean section 9 months after delivery. We performed a prospective controlled cohort study including 220 women delivered by elective cesarean section and 215 by vaginal birth. All subjects ...
Toozs-Hobson Philip - - 2008
The objective of this study is to investigate and compare the effects of different modes of delivery on urethral sphincter volume, bladder neck mobility, and changes to levator hiatus distensibility using ultrasound imaging. This study is a prospective observational cohort study. The setting of this study is at a London ...
Marconi Anna Maria - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare dinoprostone gel and insert in achieving successful vaginal delivery in nulliparous and multiparous women. STUDY DESIGN: 220 nulliparous and 100 multiparous with a Bishop score < or =7 were randomized to receive dinoprostone either gel or insert for cervical ripening. The main outcome measures were the rate ...
Nordin, Noraihan Mohd.
The term breech trial (TBT) has brought about radical changes but it is debatable whether it provides unequivocal evidence regarding the practice of breech deliveries. There is a need to publish the data of a study that was performed before the era of the TBT in a hospital where there ...
Rauf Bushra - - 2007
Objective: To assess the success rate of External Cephalic Version (ECV) at term and its effects on measures of pregnancy outcome. Design: A quasi-experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, from December 2003 to January 2005. Patients and Methods: A total ...
Panel Laure - - 2008
Our objective was to make recommendations for the follow-up of pregnancies and the choice of delivery route for patients becoming pregnant after surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) by tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) or trans-obturator tape (TOT). We performed a retrospective survey on pregnancies after surgical treatment of SUI. ...
Bakhshi Tiki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Large pelvic varicosities and an absence of the inferior vena cava below the renal veins were identified in pregnancy. CASE: A young woman with a history of hemitruncus repair in infancy was noted to have large pelvic varicosities on a transvaginal ultrasonogram in early pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed ...
Cornish Julie A - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of restorative proctocolectomy on sexual function, urinary function, fertility, pregnancy, and delivery in patients with ulcerative colitis. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed of articles published between 1980 and 2005 on patients undergoing restorative proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis reporting data ...
Bargaje Archana - - 2008
Cloacal dysgenesis sequence is a rare congenital malformation seen in 1:50000 to 250000 neonates. It shows a phallus-like structure, smooth perineum, and absence of urethral, vaginal, and anal openings as primary malformations. We report a case of a 4-day-old preterm female neonate. The prenatal ultrasound showed singleton fetus in breech ...
Demirci Fuat - - 2007
Pedunculated submucosal myomas are generally associated with infertility and are most often encountered during the preconception period. This report describes a 38-y-old pregnant woman in whom a pedunculated submucosal myoma resulted in preterm labor and was successfully removed vaginally at 26 wk gestation. The procedure described here is simple and ...
Allen Robert H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Previous computer simulations of shoulder dystocia (SD) explored the effect of SD itself on the mechanical response of the fetus. Our objective was to perform a mechanical simulation study to explore the variations in fetal response during routine, unilateral SD (USD), and bilateral SD (BSD) deliveries. STUDY DESIGN: Using ...
Hay Phillip - - 2007
Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted surface pathogen of the lower urogenital tract, and may be associated with asymptomatic vaginal colonization or intensely symptomatic vaginitis. In pregnancy it is associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery. However, a randomized trial of treatment of asymptomatic trichomonas colonization in pregnancy showed ...
El-Ghobashy Alaa - - 2007
A 37-year-old woman previously treated with TVT-O developed recurrent symptoms of stress urinary incontinence during pregnancy. Symptoms started to develop later in the second trimester and progressed gradually to affect her quality of life at the end of pregnancy. In the event she had a very quick spontaneous vaginal delivery ...
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