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Dunford Louise J LJ School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, School of Biosciences, and Advanced Data Analysis Centre, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, - - 2014
This paper identifies a common nutritional pathway relating maternal through to fetal protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and compromised fetal kidney development. Thirty-one twin-bearing sheep were fed either a control (n=15) or low-protein diet (n=16, 17 vs. 8.7 g crude protein/MJ metabolizable energy) from d 0 to 65 gestation (term, ∼145 d). ...
Harrod Curtis S CS Colorado School of Public Health and Children's Hospital, Aurora, Colorado; and the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, - - 2014
To examine associations between pregnancy physical activity and neonatal fat mass and fat-free mass, birth weight, and small for gestational age (SGA). We analyzed 826 mother-neonate pairs (term births) participating in the longitudinal Healthy Start study. The Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to assess total energy expenditure and meeting ...
Park Sunmin S Department of Food & Nutrition, Hoseo University, Asan, - - 2014
We prospectively assessed whether maternal weight gain at 24-28 weeks of gestation (MWG24) influences the risk of developing gestational complications, such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and other adverse pregnancy outcomes, in pregnant Korean women. Maternal weight gain from self-reported pre-pregnancy weight until MWG24 was measured in 731 pregnant women and ...
Koletzko B B Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Center, Munich, - - 2014
Diet and physical activity before and during pregnancy affect short- and long-term health of mother and child. The energy needs at the end of pregnancy increase only by about 10% compared to nonpregnant women. An excessive energy intake is undesirable since maternal overweight and excessive weight gain can increase the ...
Gamo Yuko - - 2013
Lactation is the most energy-demanding phase of mammalian reproduction, and lactation performance may be affected by events during pregnancy. For example, food intake may be limited in late pregnancy by competition for space in the abdomen between the alimentary tract and fetuses. Hence, females may need to compensate their energy ...
Franco D J - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the Ile requirement in early (d 39 to 61) and late (d 89 to 109) pregnancy using the indicator AA oxidation method. The same 7 Large White × Landrace sows in their fourth parity were used in early and late pregnancy. Each ...
Shiraishi Mie - - 2013
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intakes during pregnancy affect fetal development and maternal mental health; therefore, an accurate assessment of EPA and DHA intakes is required. We hypothesized that a self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) that was developed for non-pregnant adults could be used for estimating EPA and ...
He Z X - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of maternal protein or energy restriction during late gestation on postnatal fetal growth and visceral organ mass of goats. Eighty pregnant goats with similar age (2.0±0.3 yr) and body weight (BW, 20.0±1.0kg before pregnancy) were assigned to 3 dietary treatments ...
Adu Emmanuel K - - 2013
Eighteen (18) gravid uteri collected from hunters' kills during February and March 2008 were used to investigate growth and accretion of energy and protein in the gravid uterus during pregnancy in the grasscutter. Each gravid uterus was separated into foetal, placental, empty uterus and foetal fluids (amniotic and allantoic fluids ...
Page-Wilson Gabrielle G Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, - - 2013
Leptin suppresses appetite by modulating the expression of hypothalamic neuropeptides including proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and agouti-related peptide (AgRP). Yet during pregnancy, caloric consumption increases despite elevated plasma leptin levels. To investigate this paradox, we measured leptin and soluble leptin receptor in plasma and leptin, POMC, and AgRP in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ...
Yin J - - 2012
Background/objectives:Overweight and obesity are becoming increasingly prevalent problems worldwide. A number of factors in early life have been found to be associated with body composition of neonates or young children but there is limited follow-up data for adolescents. This study aims to describe associations between early nutrition and body composition ...
Blumfield Michelle L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prenatal environment can induce permanent changes in offspring phenotype. Thinness at birth is associated with adult risk of cardiometabolic disease. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the association between maternal nutrition during pregnancy and intrauterine development of fetal body composition. DESIGN: We used prospective data from 179 Australian ...
Hanlon Dw - - 2012
Abstract AIM: To describe the reproductive performance of a population of Thoroughbred mares on stud farms in the Waikato region of New Zealand. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed involving five stud farms in the Waikato region of New Zealand during three consecutive breeding seasons (2006-2008). A total of ...
Ertu─črul Serkan - - 2012
Aim:  Our aim is to evaluate the association between gestational age at delivery and neonatal outcomes in elective cesarean delivery. Material and Methods:  A total of 1784 viable singleton pregnancies that were delivered by elective caesarean section at term were included in the study. All pregnancies were categorized according to ...
Andreu-Vázquez C - - 2012
This study addresses potential management risk factors affecting the incidence of twin pregnancies in high-producing dairy cows. Special attention was paid to the estrus synchronization protocol used before the AI resulting in pregnancy. Possible factors affecting the twin pregnancy rate were analyzed through binary logistic regression procedures on 2015 pregnant ...
Buscicchio Giorgia - - 2012
Abstract The aim of this study was to assess reproducibility and clinical relevance of current guidelines on Fetal Heart Rate inerpretation in labour. Two Obstetricians with comparable experience analysed one hundred fetal heart rate tracings. One doctor made a first analysis using ACOG 2009 guideline's criteria; the other used NICE ...
Harland Karisa K - - 2012
The authors examined whether early ultrasound dating (≤20 weeks) of gestational age (GA) in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses may underestimate gestational duration and therefore the incidence of SGA birth. Within a population-based case-control study (May 2002-June 2005) of Iowa SGA births and preterm deliveries identified from birth records (n = 2,709), ...
Colaci Daniela S - - 2012
To evaluate the association between men's body mass index (BMI), early embryo quality, and clinical outcomes in couples undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Prospective cohort study. Fertility clinic in an academic medical center. 114 couples who underwent 172 assisted reproduction cycles. None. Fertilization rate, embryo quality, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy ...
Banerjee Ananya - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Predominant etiology of ectopic gestation is tubal damage, notably salpingitis, which may be of tubercular etiology. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of genital tuberculosis (GTB) in two groups of adolescent patients: one undergoing surgery for acute ectopic pregnancy, the other undergoing suction evacuation for spontaneous miscarriage and ...
Funston R N - - 2012
Records collected between 1997 and 2010 were used to determine the effect of calving period on heifer (n = 1,019) and steer (n = 771) progeny from the Gudmundsen Sandhills Laboratory, Whitman, NE. Progeny were classified as being born in the first, second, or third 21-d period of the spring ...
Kiss Ana Carolina Inhasz - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of maternal mild hyperglycemia on maternal behavior, as well as the development, behavior, reproductive function, and glucose tolerance of the offspring. At birth, litters were assigned either to Control (subcutaneous (sc)-citrate buffer) or STZ groups (streptozotocin (STZ)-100mg/kg-sc.). On PND ...
Keyhanian Kiandokht - - 2012
Objective: We conducted a longitudinal prospective study to evaluate the long-term effect of pregnancy on the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS). Method: Parous female MS patients were extracted from the database of Isfahan Multiple Sclerosis Society (IMSS). Through comparing the annual relapsing rate during a mean of 4 years before ...
Elgindy Eman - - 2012
To study the outcome of blastocysts showing expansion on day 5 and transferred on day 5 or 6, in comparison with those unexpanded and transferred on day 6. Prospective cohort of 221 women prepared for BET classified into three groups according to timing of blastocyst expansion and day of embryo ...
Winger Edward E - - 2012
Human embryos develop at varying rates in culture, with only a fraction of the eggs retrieved developing to 'transfer quality' embryos. We investigated whether the ratios between the number of eggs retrieved or the number of pro-nucleate embryos formed and the number of Day 3 embryos with ≥5 cells [oocyte ...
Roos Anna M - - 2012
We studied indices of reproductive outcome in three aquatic species in relation to organochlorine concentrations during four decades. In female otters, the frequency of signs of reproduction increased after 1990. In grey seals, pregnancy rate increased 1990-2010 and uterine obstructions ceased after 1993. The frequency of uterine tumours was highest ...
Tomás Candido - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the reproductive outcome of three protocols for frozen ET treatment. DESIGN: Retrospective follow-up study. SETTING: Two public clinics and one private clinic. PATIENT(S): Four thousand four hundred seventy frozen ET cycles between 2006 and 2010. INTERVENTION(S): Thawing of embryos and ET. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy test rate, clinical ...
Lucchini Caterina - - 2012
To compare the efficacy of intrafollicular sperm injection (IFI) versus intrauterine insemination (IUI) in the treatment of subfertility. 38 couples suffering primary or secondary subfertility contributed a total of 47 IUI or IFI cycles, 26 by IUI and 21 by IFI. Folliculogenesis, ovulation triggering, and IUI or IFI were performed. ...
Ben-Haroush Avi - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: The generally higher birth-weight of male newborns compared to female newborns is attributed mainly to intrauterine exposure to testosterone. We aimed to determine if crown-rump length (CRL) differs between male and female fetuses early in the first trimester. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 333 women with non-diabetic ...
Bayril Tahir - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of timing of artificial insemination on pregnancy rates, calving rates, abortion rates, twinning rates, and calf gender ratio after synchronization of ovulation with Ovsynch protocol in Holstein dairy cows. The ovulation of 219 lactating Holstein dairy cows was synchronized using ...
Shalom-Paz Einat - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare treatment outcome following in vitro maturation (IVM) compared with IVF in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of treatment in women with PCOS who underwent IVM (108) and IVF (108). RESULTS: We found a significant difference in outcome between IVM ...
Virro Michael R - - 2012
PROBLEM: We set out to determine whether intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) improves in vitro fertilization (IVF) success rates in women with a difficult history of multiple (≥2) prior IVF failures and /or 'unexplained' infertility. METHOD OF STUDY: A total of 229 women with multiple IVF failures (3.3 ± 2.1) and/or unexplained infertility (3.8 ± 2.7 years) ...
Yu Hsing-Tse - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of diagnostic hysteroscopy in pregnancy outcome in patients starting the first in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 567 infertile women who underwent first IVF treatment were reviewed retrospectively. Two hundred and fifteen (37.9 %) women underwent diagnostic hysteroscopy before the ...
Ferraretti A P - - 2012
BACKGROUNDThis 12th European IVF-monitoring (EIM) report presents the results of treatments involving assisted reproductive technology (ART) initiated in Europe during 2008.METHODSFrom 36 countries (3 more compared with 2007), 1051 clinics reported 532 260 treatment cycles including: IVF (124 539), ICSI (280 552), frozen embryo replacements (FER, 97 120), egg donation ...
Conover Cheryl A CA Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Nutrition, Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2013
As suggested by its name, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) plays an important role in pregnancy and fetal development (Brizot et al., 1996; Lin et al., 1974; Smith et al., 2002). On the opposite end of life's spectrum, recent studies using genetically-engineered mice indicate a newly recognized role for PAPP-A in ...
Leppälahti S - - 2012
What are the current trends in teenage termination of pregnancy (TOP) and its risk factors? The incidence of teenage TOP fluctuated substantially during the study period and the incidence of repeat TOP among adolescents increased markedly in the 2000s. Teenage pregnancy is associated with difficulties in psychological, sexual and overall ...
Reichman David E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of negative serum hCG level after initial IM trigger injection and whether such cycles can be salvaged through repeat administration of IM hCG. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): All patients undergoing IVF at the Ronald O. Perelman and Claudia Cohen Center ...
Mirghani H - - 2012
The objective of the study was to determine the outcome of pregnancies with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) in the presence of a specialised maternal and fetal service. Prospective data included mothers with documented pre-gestational diabetes (PGDM) delivered between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2009. A total of 138 patients ...
van der Garde M - - 2012
To assess neonatal and maternal morbidity in twins ≥ 32 weeks' gestation, related to the changes in planned mode of delivery, a retrospective cohort study was performed, including 185 twin births delivered in the Atrium Medical Centre, Heerlen, during the years 2003-2008. The results were compared with those of an earlier ...
Tomlinson Mark W - - 2012
Abundant evidence suggests that neonates delivered during the early-term period (before 39 weeks of gestation) have a small but significantly increased risk of morbidity. In an effort to reduce preventable adverse outcomes, there has been growing momentum aimed at eliminating elective deliveries before 39 weeks of gestation. One of the ...
Fan Wei - - 2012
To reevaluate the effect of isolated teratozoospermia on IVF and determine if there was any therapeutic benefit to isolated teratozoospermia by ICSI, since there are no widely accepted criteria for the treatment technique about isolated teratozoospermia. A total of 441 couples with >20 million and progressive motility >30 % sperm undergoing ...
Daouk Manal El - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To describe gender distribution in fetuses with increased nuchal translucency (NT) measurements. Methods: All fetuses with mild (2.5-2.9 mm) and moderate (3.0-3.5 mm) NT enlargement at 12.0-12.6 weeks gestation were studied. The Z- test for proportions was used to compare the gender distribution of this study group to that ...
Hodes-Wertz Brooke - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine any beneficial effects of preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) of all chromosomes by array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH), with either day 3 or blastocyst biopsy, for idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) patients compared with their expected loss rate. DESIGN: Case series report. SETTING: Multiple fertility centers. PATIENT(S): A ...
Marion Laura L - - 2012
Ectopic pregnancy is directly related to tubal infection, and so prevention of chlamydia and gonorrhea must be the watchword to lower its risk and incidence. With accurate determination of very low human chorionic gonadotropin concentrations and sonography, >85% of women are diagnosed before tubal rupture, which has led to medical ...
Brubaker Sara G - - 2012
The incidence of twin gestation has increased significantly over the past 30 years. One of the most significant public health implications of this trend is the increased incidence of preterm birth (PTB). Efforts to improve neonatal outcomes must address the rate of PTB, particularly among multiple gestations, which contribute a ...
Nakagawa Kayoko - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate time intervals of ductus venosus (DV) flow velocity waveforms (FVW) in correlation to fetal heart rate and gestational age and to construct reference ranges for the second and third trimester. Furthermore, we investigate time intervals of FVW through the tricuspid valve. METHODS: Flow velocity waveforms of the ...
Kuleva M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To audit the practice of daily fetal heart rate home monitoring (FHM) in pregnancies complicated by fetal gastroschisis (GS). METHODS: Prenatal records and pregnancy outcome were reviewed of all cases with fetal GS between 1999 and 2010, managed with a consistent protocol, which included weekly fetal cardiotocography and ultrasound ...
Silk Benjamin J - - 2012
Background. Listeriosis can cause severe disease, especially in fetuses, neonates, older adults, and persons with certain immunocompromising and chronic conditions. We summarize US population-based surveillance data for invasive listeriosis from 2004 through 2009. Methods. We analyzed Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) data for patients with Listeria monocytogenes isolated from normally sterile ...
Campbell C G CG Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, - - 2012
The Compendium of Physical Activities (CPA) provides the energy expenditure (EE) for hundreds of daily activities reported in metabolic equivalents (MET). It remains to be determined if the metabolic changes of pregnancy alter the use of the CPA MET (METCPA) in this population. The energy cost of rest, activities of ...
Halvaei Iman - - 2012
The goal was to evaluate the role of the number of retrieved immature oocytes on mature oocyte counts and morphology, and also the rates of fertilization and embryo development in ICSI cycles. 101 ICSI cycles were included in this prospective evaluation. Patients were divided into 2 groups of A (≤ ...
Marsh Courtney A - - 2012
What characteristics are associated with a Day 5 embryo transfer? The use of the Day 5 embryo transfer has increased over time, with clinicians allowing women with typically 'poorer' prognostic characteristics to undergo a Day 5 embryo transfer. The mean number of embryos per Day 5 transfer decreased from 2001 ...
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