Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 967
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Kalra Sanjog - - 2007
PURPOSE: Stress has been shown to cause a large range of adverse fetal effects. This pilot study is the first attempt to examine cortisol level in the hair of pregnant women and assess its potential as a biomarker of gestational stress. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five healthy pregnant women, in whom ...
Figueiredo B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study prevalence as well as risk factors for pregnancy and postpartum depression in a sample of adolescent and adult Portuguese mothers. METHODS: The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was administered to 108 (54 adult and 54 adolescent) Portuguese women at 24-36 weeks of pregnancy and at 2-3 months ...
Thomson Paula - - 2007
Knowledge of maternal stress and its direct influence on the developing embryo and fetus (prenate) can influence psychotherapeutic treatment decisions, especially when treating patients who are severely traumatized and dissociative. Not only may maternal stress alter prenate neurobiological attachment and stress systems in the limbic-hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (LHPA) and limbic-autonomic nervous ...
Leeners Brigitte B Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Hospital Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland. - - 2007
Cardiovascular diseases are strongly influenced by stress and do share several risk factors with hypertensive diseases in pregnancy (HDP). The aim of the study is to investigate the correlation between emotional stress during pregnancy and the risk for HDP. A self-administered questionnaire comprising obstetrical and psychosocial questions was completed by ...
Badenhorst William - - 2007
After perinatal loss, parents experience painful grief. Fathers and mothers show the same pattern of symptoms, but generally mothers' distress is more intense. Grief should be sympathetically acknowledged by health professionals, and parents should be reassured that their feelings are normal and that recovery may take many months. Intense depression ...
Zainur R Z - - 2006
Postpartum is a crucial period for a mother. During this period a mother is going through the physiological process of uterine involution and at the same time adapting to her new role in the family. Many postpartum complications occur during this period. Among the important obstetric morbidities are postpartum hemorrhage, ...
- - 2006
Depression is a common condition among women of reproductive age, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are frequently used for the treatment of depression. However, recent reports regarding SSRI use during pregnancy have raised concerns about fetal cardiac defects, newborn persistent pulmonary hypertension, and other negative effects. The potential risks ...
Egliston Kerry-Ann - - 2007
Problems regulating behaviour and emotions in infancy may be a risk factor for the development of psychopathology later in life. Compelling evidence from animal models suggests that one potential pathway to early dysregulation is fetal programming of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. According to this model, prenatal maternal stress and anxiety ...
Mohorovic Lucijan - - 2007
The objective of this review was to direct attention about methemoglobin as a biomarker which has an important role in the detection of adverse effects of the oxidative stress, misbalanced production of ROS, RNS and RSS. According to our hypothesis, a pregnant woman continuously inhaling environmental toxics as fuel burning ...
Bowen Angela - - 2006
About 20 per cent of pregnant women experience antenatal depression (AD), which not only has deleterious effects on the woman and her baby but also increases the risk of developing postpartum depression. Nurses who understand the prevalence, signs and symptoms, and risk factors associated with AD can help to identify ...
Catalano Ralph - - 2006
Literature speculating on the fetal origins of later life morbidity often invokes the "damaged cohort" theory, i.e., that maternal responses to exogenous shocks induce "stress reactivity" in fetuses and thereby shorten the lifespan of males in utero during stressful times. A rival, or "culled cohort," theory posits that exogenous shocks ...
Götz Alexander A - - 2007
Exposure to prenatal stress can impair the behavioural and hormonal development in mammals. However, the consequences for the immune system are rarely investigated and there is only limited evidence that naturalistic prenatal stressors do also have the potential to affect the offspring. Thus, by using a social conflict model in ...
Gutteling Barbara M - - 2006
Prenatal maternal stress has been shown to affect postnatal development in animals and humans. In animals, the morphology and function of the offspring's hippocampus is negatively affected by prenatal maternal stress. The present study prospectively investigated the influence of prenatal maternal stress on learning and memory of 112 children (50 ...
Alami K Mchichi - - 2006
The objective of the current study was to determine the prevalence of depression among 100 women followed from the first trimester of pregnancy to 9 months after delivery. Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and Paykel Life Events Inventory were used. Seventeen per cent of the subjects experienced ...
Coussons-Read Mary E - - 2007
Previous work has shown that psychosocial stress is related to increases in serum levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines late in pregnancy, and a growing body of research suggests that increased inflammatory activity during pregnancy, generally, may have a negative impact on outcome. The present study further addressed these issues by assessing ...
Del Giudice Marco - - 2007
Previous research on 'denied pregnancy', i.e. lack of subjective awareness of pregnancy until the end of gestation in pregnant women, is reviewed and reinterpreted in an evolutionary biological framework. Recent epidemiological studies show that this condition has a much higher incidence than previously thought (about 1:475). Very often, bodily symptoms ...
Condon John - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although motherhood and the mother-infant bond have been extensively researched, the same is not true for fatherhood and the father-infant bond. OBJECTIVE: This article discusses the psychological tasks of the expectant father, the adjustment issues for men during their partners pregnancy and the postnatal period, and the development of ...
Tsartsara Eirini - - 2006
This study assesses the implications a miscarriage history has on women's pregnancy-specific anxiety and feelings of prenatal maternal-fetal attachment during the 1st and 3rd trimesters of a subsequent pregnancy. Thirty-five pregnant women (N = 10 with a history of miscarriage) volunteered participation completing the Pregnancy Outcome Questionnaire (POQ), the Maternal ...
Murmu Meena Sriti - - 2006
Both chronic stress in adulthood and episodes of stress in the early postnatal period have been shown to interfere with neuronal development in limbic prefrontal cortical regions. The present study in rats showed for the first time that the development of layer II/III pyramidal neurons in the dorsal anterior cingulate ...
Saunders Tracie A - - 2006
We tested the hypothesis that women with greater prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) would be more likely to receive intravenous opiates and epidural for delivery, and thereby increase the likelihood of unplanned cesarean delivery. PNMS was assessed during early, mid, and late pregnancy using psychometrically sound instruments in structured interviews with ...
Diego Miguel A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the effects of maternal psychological distress on estimated fetal weight during midgestation and explore the maternal hypothalamic-pituitary axis and sympathoadrenal dysregulation as potential risk factors for these effects. METHODS: Fetal ultrasound biometry measurements and maternal sociodemographic characteristics, emotional distress symptoms, and ...
Gammie Stephen C SC Neuroscience Training Program, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA. - - 2006
A decreased reactivity to stressors during lactation might heighten the expression of maternal care (including defense of offspring) by minimizing the extent to which stress can impact maternal care. Although stressors applied during pregnancy have variable effects on maternal aggression (or defense of offspring), to date no study has examined ...
Oh Seung-June - - 2006
We assessed several emotional variables in patients experiencing conventional urodynamic and ambulatory urodynamic monitoring (AUM) to verify the hypothesis that AUM is tolerated as well as conventional urodynamics. A total of 33 women and 7 men from 23 to 72 years of age who were undergoing both procedures were prospectively ...
Rai Raj - - 2006
Many human conceptions are genetically abnormal and end in miscarriage, which is the commonest complication of pregnancy. Recurrent miscarriage, the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies, affects 1% of couples trying to conceive. It is associated with psychological morbidity, and has often proven to be frustrating for both patient ...
Viktrup Lars - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impact of onset of stress urinary incontinence in first pregnancy or postpartum period, for the risk of symptoms 12 years after the first delivery. METHODS: In a longitudinal cohort study, 241 women answered validated questions about stress urinary incontinence after first delivery and 12 years later. ...
Cheng Zhihong - - 2006
This research evaluated the effects of postharvest treatment and heat stress on the availability of wheat antioxidants using Ankor and Trego wheat varieties. The grain, bran, and 40-mesh bran samples of both Ankor and Trego wheat were kept at 25, 60, and 100 degrees C for 9 days. Samples taken ...
Hart R - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between antenatal mood state (depression and anxiety) and psychological adjustment to pregnancy. Participants were first-time, low obstetric risk mothers at a Sydney teaching hospital who completed self-report questionnaires measuring depression, anxiety, thoughts about motherhood and self as ...
Poikkeus P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and predictors of severe fear of childbirth and pregnancy-related anxiety in groups of assisted reproduction treatment (ART) and spontaneously conceiving women with singleton pregnancies. METHODS: The ART group (n = 367, nulliparous 260) represented a cohort from five Finnish infertility clinics in 1999. The control ...
Söderquist Johan - - 2006
Post-traumatic stress was assessed in early and late pregnancy, and 1, 4, 7, and 11 months postpartum by means of questionnaires among 1224 women. Thirty-seven women (3%) had post-traumatic stress (meeting criteria B, C, and D for PTSD) at least once within 1-11 months postpartum. In pregnancy, depression, severe fear ...
Karaman Göksun Can - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of androgenetic alopecia on males with and without hair loss and to delineate the level of stress gained by this type of alopecia. METHODS: Two hundred and 52 males (175 with hair loss, 77 without hair loss), between 16 ...
DiPietro Janet A - - 2006
Concern exists that a constellation of negative maternal emotions during pregnancy generates persistent negative consequences for child development. Maternal reports of anxiety, pregnancy-specific and nonspecific stress, and depressive symptoms were collected during mid-pregnancy and at 6 weeks and 24 months after birth in a sample of healthy women with low ...
Thomason Angela D - - 2007
Examine patterns of urinary incontinence during and after pregnancy, as recalled by incontinent and continent primiparas. Primiparous women reporting no pre-pregnancy incontinence, were recruited 6 to 9 months postpartum. Those reporting current continence and demonstrating a negative stress test were considered "Primiparous Continent" (PC, n=64). Those reporting current incontinence and ...
Bastani Farideh - - 2006
Maternal anxiety and stress are found to be predictors of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including low birth weight and prematurity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether relaxation education in anxious pregnant Iranian women in their first pregnancy affects selected pregnancy outcomes, including birth weight, preterm birth, and ...
Bandelow Borwin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Earlier studies on the influence of pregnancy and postpartum period on the course of panic disorder have been inconsistent. The present study aims to quantify panic manifestations in these periods in large sample of women. METHOD: Panic manifestations, including exacerbations and new manifestations of panic disorder, were assessed retrospectively ...
Young Brian J - - 2006
Marked increases in anxiety-like responses to stress occur during pregnancy. Considerable evidence indicates that the basolateral region of the amygdala (BLA) plays an important role in mediating these types of responses. Given the crucial inhibitory influence of GABA on excitatory glutamatergic activity in the BLA, we hypothesized that decreased GABAergic ...
Azidah A K - - 2006
This is a cross sectional study to determine the relationship of postnatal depression (PND) and socio-cultural practices post-delivery among women in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Four hundred and twenty one pregnant women were screened for depression between 36 - 42 weeks of pregnancy, 1 week and 4 - 6 weeks postpartum ...
Lee C-Y - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between marriage-related risk factors during maternal pregnancy and subsequent development of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: The research design was a retrospective case-control study. The case group included 60 patients that fulfilled the ADHD criteria of Fourth Edition of ...
Nepomnaschy Pablo A - - 2006
Maternal stress is commonly cited as an important risk factor for spontaneous abortion. For humans, however, there is little physiological evidence linking miscarriage to stress. This lack of evidence may be attributable to a paucity of research on maternal stress during the earliest gestational stages. Most human studies have focused ...
Leuner Benedetta - - 2006
Hormonal and emotional responses to stress are diminished during pregnancy and the postpartum period. However, the effects of stress on learning during these stages of the female life span have not been examined. In previous studies, we have reported that exposure to an acute stressful event reduces classical eyeblink conditioning ...
Field Tiffany - - 2006
Four hundred and thirty pregnant women were recruited during their second trimester of pregnancy (M=20 weeks). They were designated depressed (N=172) or nondepressed (N=258) on the Structured Clinical Interview of Depression (SCID) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D). They were given a second assessment when they were ...
Le Bell Yrsa - - 2006
In a previous double-blind randomized controlled study, subjects with a history of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) reacted to artificial interference with more signs of TMD than did subjects with no TMD history. In the present study, we analysed the subjective reactions of these individuals on several symptom scales. Every day during ...
Turton Penelope - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Approximately 1 in 200 UK pregnancies ends in stillbirth. Although serious psychological effects of stillbirth on mothers are well established, much less is known about the impact of such loss on fathers. AIMS: To assess the psychological morbidity of fathers in the pregnancy and post-partum year subsequent to a ...
Cohen Lee S LS Perinatal and Reproductive Psychiatry Clinical Research Program, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02114, USA. - - 2006
Pregnancy has historically been described as a time of emotional well-being, providing "protection" against psychiatric disorder. However, systematic delineation of risk of relapse in women who maintain or discontinue pharmacological treatment during pregnancy is necessary. To describe risk of relapse in pregnant women who discontinued antidepressant medication proximate to conception ...
Nierop Ada - - 2006
CONTEXT: The underlying biological mechanisms of stress-related pregnancy complications in humans are still poorly understood. Recent research on pharmacological or physical provocation procedures in pregnant women has resulted in inhomogeneous findings. Furthermore, no studies conducted so far have used a psychosocial stress paradigm at different stages of pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The ...
Paoletti Anna Maria - - 2006
We investigated whether pregnancy could modify psychological symptoms and whether neuroactive steroids which exert an anti-anxiety effect by acting on the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-A receptors, are modified during pregnancy in young healthy women. Healthy volunteer women in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Cagliari University participated in the study. ...
Sayil Melike - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine demographic, environmental, belief, and personality factors related to maternal well-being as a part of a comprehensive project. In this study, maternal well-being was measured as prenatal anxiety and postnatal depression. A total of 200 pregnant women participated in this study. Women were ...
Lawyer Steven R - - 2006
In this study the authors characterize peritraumatic reactions of residents of New York City during and immediately following the September 11th terrorist attacks, identify predictors of those reactions, and identify predictors of PTSD 4 months later. A cross-sectional sample of New York residents (n = 2,001) responded to questions about ...
Cox Sara Jane - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To [1] investigate self-esteem during pregnancy after previous infertility and [2] establish the relationship among self-esteem, anxiety during pregnancy, and parenting self-efficacy. DESIGN: Limited prospective study. SETTING: A regional infertility clinic and antenatal clinic. PATIENT(S): Seventy women who had conceived through assisted reproductive technology and 111 women who had ...
van Brummen H Jorien - - 2006
AIM: The aim of this study was to report the changes in prevalences of urogenital symptoms during pregnancy and to evaluate the amount of bother nulliparous pregnant women experience from these symptoms. METHODS: We have used a prospective longitudinal cohort study design. Five hundred fifteen nulliparous women with a singleton ...
Sieber Sandra - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A broad body of studies have shown that emotional well-being during pregnancy influences birth outcome and postpartum mood state, but few longitudinal studies have examined the extent of changes of emotional well-being during late pregnancy. Furthermore, up to now it has remained unclear which factors are predictive for emotional ...
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