Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 967
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Kowalcek I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We examined pregnant women's expectations concerning their unborn babies prior to prenatal diagnosis and also the possible correlations with emotional characteristics such as anxiety and depression. METHODS: The consecutive sampling consisted of 324 pregnant women presenting themselves between the 11th and 29th weeks of pregnancy for detection of foetal ...
Coleman Victoria H - - 2008
As obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) take on a greater role in women's healthcare, it is important that they are aware of the high prevalence of anxiety disorders in their patient population. Anxiety disorders present during pregnancy can have detrimental effects on both mother and child. In this study, we queried 1,193 ob-gyns ...
Grizenko Natalie - - 2008
There is considerable evidence that maternal stress is associated with behavioural disturbances in offspring. The objective of this study was to examine whether there is an association between the severity of maternal stress during pregnancy and the severity of symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A second objective was to ...
van der Wal Marcel F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that stress and emotional problems during pregnancy are related to adverse health outcomes of the child at birth and in later life. The aim of this study was to determine the association between stress and emotional problems during pregnancy and excessive infant crying. METHODS: From an ...
Cooklin Amanda R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Antenatal psychological well-being is multifactorially determined, including by social circumstances. Evidence suggests that workplace conditions are salient determinants of mental health, but it is not known whether employment conditions influence antenatal psychological well-being. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between employment conditions and antenatal psychological well-being in Australian women. METHODS: ...
Grant Kerry-Ann - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This prospective study used both self-report (STAI) and clinical diagnostic interview (MINI-Plus) to examine the course of maternal anxiety across the transition to parenthood. The study also assessed i) the validity of the STAI for antenatal use in an Australian sample and ii) the relative utility of the MINI-Plus ...
de Klerk C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Psychological variables, such as anxiety and depression, may have a negative impact on IVF outcomes, but the evidence remains inconclusive. Previous studies have usually measured a single psychological parameter with clinical pregnancy as the outcome. The objective of the current study was to determine whether pretreatment or procedural psychological ...
Gutteling Barbara M - - 2007
Atypical lateralization, as indicated by mixed-handedness, has been related to diverse psychopathologies. Maternal prenatal stress has recently been associated with mixed-handedness in the offspring. In the present study, this relationship was investigated further in a prospective, methodologically comprehensive manner. Stress levels were determined three times during pregnancy by means of ...
Dunn Linda L - - 2007
This descriptive correlational study examined relationships among anxiety, depression, and spiritual well-being (SWB) in three groups of women (non-pregnant, normal pregnancy, high-risk pregnancy on bedrest). Women in each group completed a demographic survey, a Spiritual Well-Being Scale, and depression and anxiety subscales from the Abbreviated Scale for the Assessment of ...
Bergman Kristin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of prenatal stress on cognition and behavioral fearfulness in infants. METHOD: Mothers were recruited at amniocentesis at Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, London, between 2001 and 2005, and recalled when their children were 14 to 19 months to assess cognitive development using the Bayley Scales ...
De Weerth Carolina - - 2007
The goal of this study was to describe the physiological reactions of pregnant women confronted with an experimental psychosocial stressor, and to determine whether the protocol is adequate for stress testing during pregnancy. Healthy primiparae (n=120) took part in a public speaking and mental arithmetic test. The protocol was found ...
Nepomnaschy Pablo A - - 2007
Only 23% of women will begin a successful pregnancy during the first menstrual cycle in their attempt to conceive. A large number of these failed reproductive attempts are attributed to a broad set of pathologies, but across studies an important proportion of unsuccessful cycles is consistently left unexplained. Stress has ...
Dietz Patricia M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study estimated the prevalence of diagnosed depression and treatment among women before, during, and after pregnancies ending in live births. METHOD: A previously validated algorithm identified health plan members with at least one pregnancy between Jan. 1, 1998, and Dec. 31, 2001. Women with a pregnancy ending in ...
Fischer Jesse - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to elucidate causative and protective factors associated with burnout in New Zealand psychiatrists, to identify signs and symptoms of the burnout syndrome, and to identify any difference in the perspectives of psychiatrists who scored high versus low on the emotional exhaustion (EE) subscale of the Maslach Burnout ...
Shea Alison K - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of maternal depression and anxiety on the cortisol awakening response (CAR), a marker of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function, during pregnancy. Sixty-six pregnant women were studied between 25 and 33 weeks of gestation and were identified as either Depressed (n=33) ...
Boyce Philip - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: High levels of distress have previously been reported among expectant fathers, with the level of distress for new fathers falling after the birth and during the first year of their infants' lives. The aim of the present study was to report on the associations with the fathers' initial high ...
Drake Amanda J AJ Endocrinology Unit, Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2007
Compelling epidemiological evidence suggests that exposure to an adverse intrauterine environment, manifested by low-birth weight, is associated with cardiometabolic and behavioural disorders in adulthood. These observations have led to the concept of 'fetal programming'. The molecular mechanisms that underlie this relationship remain unclear, but are being extensively investigated using a ...
Merlot E - - 2008
A comprehensive number of epidemiological and animal studies suggests that prenatal and early life events are important determinants for disorders later in life. Among them, prenatal stress (i.e. stress experienced by the pregnant mother with impact on the fetal ontogeny) has programming effects on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis, brain neurotransmitter systems ...
Guler Ozkan - - 2008
PURPOSE: Most of the studies about course of panic disorder (PD) after childbirth have a retrospective nature. The aim of the current study was to examine prospectively the clinical course of 13 pregnant women with a diagnosis of PD across pregnancy and the early postpartum period. METHOD: The diagnosis of ...
Pinette Michael G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy for the treatment of depressive and bipolar disorders has been advocated as being safe and effective in pregnancy. CASE: A primigravida underwent multiple electroconvulsive treatments during pregnancy for the diagnosis of major depression. The infant was subsequently born with multiple deep interhemispheric infarcts. CONCLUSION: Despite reassuring statements ...
Lusskin Shari I - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To promote prompt identification and treatment ofperinatal depression and enhance preventive care for women at risk. METHODS: Using MEDLINE and PubMed searches, we reviewed the recent research on the origins, course, and consequences of pregnancy-related depression. RESULTS: Depressive disorders are more common in pregnancy and postpartum than widely assumed, ...
Karowicz-Bilinska Agata - - 2007
Intrauterine fetal growth restriction (IUGR), the main cause of premature delivery and fetal mortality, has been suggested to involve oxidative stress. We found elevated values of indices of oxidative stress in the blood serum of pregnant women with IUGR: increased levels of malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxyalkenals, decreased activity of alpha-1-antitrypsin and ...
Hougaard Karin S - - 2007
It was recently implied that prenatal stress and fetal exposure to glucocorticoids may interfere with hearing ability and noise induced hearing loss in adulthood. In the present study pregnant Wistar rats were stressed during gestation by Chronic Mild Stress (CMS, a variable schedule of different stressors) or by dexamethasone (a ...
van den Akker Olga B A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Personality differences between surrogate mothers (SMs) who gestate and relinquish and intended mothers (IMs) who commission a genetically related or unrelated baby have been unexplored in the UK. Furthermore, the psychological effects of the arrangement have not been determined in a prospective longitudinal study, making this the first quantitative ...
Biddiss Elaine - - 2008
Recent research has indicated that consumers of upper limb prostheses desire lighter-weight, anthropomorphic devices. The potential of dielectric elastomer (DE) actuators to better meet the design priorities of prosthesis users is explored. Current challenges are critically reviewed with respect to (1) durability, (2) precision control, (3) energy consumption, and (4) ...
Rangon Claire-Marie - - 2007
Cerebral palsy remains a public health priority. Recognition of factors of susceptibility to perinatal brain lesions is key for the prevention of cerebral palsy. In most cases, the pathophysiology of these lesions is thought to involve prior exposure to predisposing factors that make the developing brain more vulnerable to perinatal ...
Mukherjee Bipasha - - 2007
PURPOSE: Psychological functioning, as reflected in psychopathology, psychosocial functioning, gender identity, gender role and cognitive abilities, was examined in a sample of patients with cloacal exstrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine participants 11 to 37 years old completed the evaluation. Standardized measures were used and participant responses were compared to the ...
Liabsuetrakul Tippawan - - 2007
AIM: To assess the clinical applications of anxiety, social support, stressors and self-esteem as well as the Postpartum Depression Risk Scale (PDRS), measured during pregnancy and postpartum, for screening postpartum depression. METHODS: A questionnaire regarding anxiety, social support, stressors and self-esteem was administered to 400 women during 36-40 weeks of ...
Lawrence Erika - - 2007
Associations among prenatal expectations, the extent to which expectations were confirmed or disconfirmed, and trajectories of marital satisfaction over the transition to parenthood were assessed 7-11 times in a sample of newlywed couples. Piecewise growth curve analyses were conducted to examine levels of marital satisfaction at the beginning of marriage ...
Coe Christopher L - - 2007
The influence of maternal stress during pregnancy on the postpartum iron status and immune maturation of infants was investigated in a nonhuman primate model. Forty infant rhesus monkeys were generated from two types of disturbed pregnancies, early or late gestation stress, and compared with 24 undisturbed controls. Prenatal stress increased ...
Littleton Heather L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify correlates of anxiety symptoms during pregnancy and determine the strength of the relationship between anxiety symptoms and adverse perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A meta-analytic review was conducted of studies that evaluated the relationship between self-reported anxiety symptoms during pregnancy and potential ...
Jomeen J - - 2007
The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is a widely used screening tool for post-natal depression (PND). Recent factor analytic investigations of the EPDS have suggested the instrument may be useful in the prediction of PND as the instrument appears to be multidimensional, thus facilitating sub-scale development for this purpose. The ...
Grote Nancy K - - 2007
During the transition to motherhood, women typically show favorable psychological adjustment after the first child is born, whereas 10 percent to 26 percent of women are at risk of developing clinically significant postpartum depressive symptoms. Little is known about which individuals are especially protected against the emergence of postpartum depressive ...
Tam Wing Hung - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Common and important psychosomatic disorders in pregnancy reviewed here include perinatal depression, posttraumatic stress disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and postpartum psychosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Research has focused on antenatal depression as postpartum depression often has onset prior to delivery. Certain psychosocial and psychological interventions can effectively prevent ...
Soede N M - - 2007
In pig husbandry, stress is being considered an important cause of impaired reproductive performance. Therefore, an experiment was performed to quantify effects of repeated stressors during the follicular phase and/or during early pregnancy on reproductive performance of gilts. Eighty-one cyclic gilts were assigned to one of four treatments, namely, stress ...
Götz Alexander A - - 2007
The impact of social confrontations on distribution and function of blood immune cells in adult male rat offspring from stressed and non-stressed pregnancies was studied. Repeated 2 h resident-intruder confrontations were performed on ten consecutive days using a protective cage. Prenatally stressed intruder males (PSI) had a generally lower number ...
Alder Judith - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Research from the past two decades has suggested a link between prenatal maternal psychological distress and adverse obstetric, fetal and neonatal outcome. Comparability of study results, however, is complicated by a diversity of definitions and measurements of prenatal maternal stress and different time points of assessment. Our aim was ...
Talge Nicole M - - 2007
We review a significant body of evidence from independent prospective studies that if a mother is stressed while pregnant, her child is substantially more likely to have emotional or cognitive problems, including an increased risk of attentional deficit/hyperactivity, anxiety, and language delay. These findings are independent of effects due to ...
Fernandes Eugénia Maria - - 2007
This paper describes a psychotherapeutic constructivist intervention oriented to the resolution of implicative dilemmas, in order to promote personal change. It presents a clinical case study of a client with depression and with some dependent and obsessive functioning. The Repertory Grid Technique was administered along with symptom assessment (SCL-90-R) both ...
Kashiwagi Maki - - 2007
Opiate addiction has been widely documented to have a negative impact on pregnancy course and outcome. The unfavorable psychosocial situation of addicted women predispose for poor processing of the physiological and psychological demands of pregnancy. Thus the aim of our study was to investigate the psychological mood state of opiate ...
Côté-Arsenault Denise - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies after perinatal loss are known to be anxiety-filled. Stress in pregnancy and the response to it, often seen as anxiety and depression, have known negative consequences for obstetric outcomes, parenting, and infant behaviors. Women have reported fluctuating emotions in response to events in their subsequent pregnancies, but these ...
Rickard Ian J - - 2007
In humans and other mammals, maternal undernutrition or stress during gestation results in small offspring with permanently altered metabolism and tissue composition. It has been suggested that such responses might exist because in utero conditions provide a reliable 'prediction' of the environmental conditions that foetuses will eventually be exposed to ...
Vannucchi C I - - 2007
Pregnancy is a physiological period during which different metabolic pathways are altered, resulting in greater oxygen consumption and modifications of the consumption of energy substrates, with a consequent greater exposure to oxidative stress. The objective of the present study was to determine and describe the serum profile of some antioxidant ...
Rogal Shari S - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), diagnosed prospectively during pregnancy, and the risk of delivering a low birth weight (<2500 g) or preterm (<37 weeks gestational age) infant. Pregnant women were recruited from obstetrics clinics and screened for major and minor ...
Le Huynh Nhu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between alexithymia and perinatal depressive symptoms and the stability of the alexithymia construct in a sample of low-income, predominantly Latina women during pregnancy and the early postpartum period. METHODS: Seventy-seven pregnant women completed self-report questionnaires and were classified as ...
Capogna G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: For men the worst aspect of childbirth is witnessing their partner in pain. The aim of this study was to investigate fathers' attitudes towards labor and delivery with and without epidural analgesia. METHOD: The study was performed using a questionnaire that included yes/no, multiple choice or 6-point ordinal scale ...
Matthews Stephen G - - 2007
Modification of the foetal environment has lifelong consequences for endocrine function and behaviour. Maternal stress through activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis can lead to increased anxiety levels and stress reactivity in offspring. Furthermore, these effects can pass across generations. The race is now on to understand the mechanisms involved and ...
Rallis Sofia - - 2007
This longitudinal study investigated body image changes and possible predictors of multiple dimensions of body image in the first year postpartum. Women (N = 79) who had been followed up since early pregnancy (including reporting retrospectively about pre-pregnancy and concurrently about late pregnancy) completed questionnaires at 6 weeks, 6 months, ...
Lee M J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Discussion of isolated ultrasound (US) markers for fetal aneuploidy can provoke significant patient anxiety. The objective of this study is to quantify maternal anxiety associated with the detection of these markers. METHODS: All patients undergoing routine second-trimester US examination for fetal anatomical survey over a one-year period were administered ...
Nordin Noraihan Mohd - - 2007
The term breech trial (TBT) has brought about radical changes but it is debatable whether it provides unequivocal evidence regarding the practice of breech deliveries. There is a need to publish the data of a study that was performed before the era of the TBT in a hospital where there ...
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