Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 965
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Downs Danielle Symons - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Limited research has prospectively examined women's exercise and psychological health behaviors before, during, and after pregnancy. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between and the extent to which depressive symptoms (DS), body image satisfaction (BIS), and exercise behavior (EB) prospectively explained trimester-specific and postpartum ...
Field Tiffany - - 2008
Elevated prenatal cortisol has been associated with several negative conditions including aborted fetuses, excessive fetal activity, delayed fetal growth and development, prematurity and low birthweight, attention and temperament problems in infancy, externalizing problems in childhood, and psychopathology and chronic illness in adulthood. Given that maternal prenatal cortisol crosses the placenta ...
Field Tiffany - - 2008
Elevated prenatal cortisol has been associated with several negative conditions including aborted fetuses, excessive fetal activity, delayed fetal growth and development, prematurity and low birthweight, attention and temperament problems in infancy, externalizing problems in childhood, and psychopathology and chronic illness in adulthood. Given that maternal prenatal cortisol crosses the placenta ...
Vythilingum Bavanisha - - 2008
There is now growing realization that many women suffer from new onset or worsening of anxiety disorders during pregnancy. Studies of anxiety symptoms in pregnancy show that a significant portion of women are affected. Anxiety symptoms in pregnancy have been associated with adverse fetal and infant outcomes. Furthermore, having an ...
Maguire Jamie - - 2008
Fluctuating neurosteroid levels over the ovarian cycle modulate neuronal excitability through effects on GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs). The large increase in progesterone-derived neurosteroids during pregnancy and their precipitous decline at parturition may have considerable effects on GABA(A)Rs during pregnancy and postpartum. Here we show a significant decrease in tonic and phasic ...
Megahed G A - - 2008
In the present study, the effect of heat stress, which is commonly observed in the animals of Upper Egypt area in summer, as well as the effect of antioxidant treatment as a thermo-protective was examined. In this study, the animals (n = 120) were divided into winter group (n = ...
Hammarberg K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is known that infertility affects emotional well-being, satisfaction with life and self-esteem and that failed assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment is associated with diminished life satisfaction, reduced self-confidence and substantial psychological distress. Investigations of whether these persist when treatment results in a pregnancy and live birth have been ...
Novy Jan - - 2008
Levetiracetam (LEV) has been considered to undergo no significant change in bioavailability during pregnancy; however, it was recently demonstrated to display modifications leading to a drop in its serum level. We describe a patient who displayed impending status epilepticus following a fall in her LEV level during the first trimester. ...
Skouteris Helen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the prospective relationship between depressive symptoms and anxiety across pregnancy and the early postpartum. METHODS: Participants (N=207) completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Trait subscale, Beck Depression Inventory, and social support and sleep quality measures at two time points during pregnancy and ...
Jallo Nancy - - 2008
The objective of this 12-week study was to determine whether a relaxation-guided imagery (R-GI) intervention designed as a primary prevention strategy for stress management was perceived as beneficial to African American women during the second trimester of pregnancy. All participants documented perceived benefits of the R-GI intervention that included the ...
Parker Vj - - 2008
Problem: Stress in early pregnancy has been linked to increased abortion rates. Immune stress in early pregnancy inhibits progesterone secretion in mice. As prolactin both mediates implantation and drives progesterone secretion, we hypothesised that stress would decrease prolactin secretion in early pregnancy. Material and Methods: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 12.5mug intraperitoneally) as ...
Lahti Jari J Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2008
Small birth size predicts various psychiatric outcomes, including depression. While biologically based temperamental traits may constitute a vulnerability factor for depression, the extent to which birth size predicts these traits in adulthood is not known. We studied, in 1369 women and men identified from a cohort born in 1934-44 in ...
Hamilton Jada G - - 2008
The present study investigated coping in early, mid-, and late pregnancy in 321 ethnically and socioeconomically diverse women of varying medical risk. The goal was to determine how women cope with stress across pregnancy and to explore the association of coping with maternal characteristics, stress perceptions, disposition, and social support. ...
Chou Fan-Hao - - 2008
Nausea and vomiting (NV), fatigue, stress and social support during pregnancy have been well documented using cross-sectional research designs. However, few studies have addressed the patterns and relationships for these variables using a longitudinal research design. The purpose of this study was to examine the patterns of and relationships among ...
Ferrero Simone - - 2008
Myasthenia gravis (MG) affects women in the second and third decades of life, overlapping with the childbearing years. During pregnancy, the course of this disease is unpredictable; worsening of symptoms occurs more likely during the first half of pregnancy and postpartum. MG can be well managed during pregnancy with relatively ...
Hobel Calvin J - - 2008
This article is intended to help clinicians better understand the ever-expanding body of research on whether psychosocial stress (both acute and chronic) is linked to 2 major adverse pregnancy outcomes: preterm birth and low birth weight. We summarize the existing literature and then review assessment tools commonly used to diagnose ...
Wisborg K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between psychological stress during pregnancy and stillbirth. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. SETTING: Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Denmark,1989-98. POPULATION: A total of 19 282 singleton pregnancies in women with valid information about psychological stress during pregnancy. METHODS: Information about psychological stress during pregnancy was obtained from ...
Bergner Annekathrin - - 2008
Miscarriages can have lasting psychological effects on those concerned. In a prospective longitudinal study, 342 women were questioned about the way in which they coped after an early miscarriage (up to the 16th week of gestation), a few weeks after the pregnancy loss. There are data available from the first ...
Dipietro Janet A - - 2008
This study examined stability and change in maternal anxiety, stress and depression both during the second half of pregnancy and from pregnancy to six weeks and two years postpartum. Self-report measures included those designed to measure mood and state as well as more persistent attributes. Longitudinal data were collected from ...
Steinberg Julia Renee - - 2008
Using data from the United States National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) and the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS), we conducted secondary data analyses to examine the relationship of abortion, including multiple abortions, to anxiety after first pregnancy outcome in two studies. First, when analyzing the NSFG, we found that pre-pregnancy ...
Evans Lynn M - - 2008
Elevated cortisol during pregnancy is associated with adverse birth outcomes and may alter fetal development and subsequent adult health. Numerous studies link elevated cortisol to depression and anxiety, but only a few have examined these relationships during pregnancy and in response to laboratory stressors. No studies have investigated the impact ...
Schuster David M - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to determine if artifacts from misalignment of cardiac emission to transmission data is present in adenosine stress studies and if the artifact could be reproduced by intentional misalignment in normal exams. PROCEDURES: Seventy consecutive 82Rb myocardial perfusion studies were reviewed. Utilizing a quality control program, ...
Cagiano R - - 2008
In the treatment of depression fluoxetine [a selective serotonine reuptake inhibitor (SSRIs)] is a widely used drug in humans. The selectivity, efficacy, side effects and simplicity of dosage contributed to fluoxetine's clinical acceptance. Several psychiatric disorders (many of them responsive to SSRIs) are present during pregnancy; up to 10% of ...
Knoph Berg Cecilie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between psychosocial characteristics and broadly defined bulimia nervosa during early pregnancy, including factors associated with continuation, incidence and remission. METHOD: A total of 41 157 women completed questionnaires at approximately gestation week 18, including items on eating disorders ...
Lee Mi-Sun MS Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, School of Public Health and Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2009
The aim of this study was to explore an association between psychosocial stress at work in married men and their spouses' prolonged time to pregnancy (TTP). All married male workers of a large Korean petrochemical enterprise and their wives fulfilling the selection criteria were included. Main selection criteria were lack ...
Huizink A C AC Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. a.c.huizink@erasmusmc.nl - - 2008
Animal research suggests a programming effect of prenatal stress in the fetal period, resulting in disruptions in behavioural and neuromotor development. Physiological changes that mediate these effects include alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and in testosterone levels. This human study focuses on changes related to these physiological systems after prenatal ...
Emack Jeff - - 2008
Maternal stress during pregnancy, particularly that combined with low socioeconomic status (SES), has been linked to an increased risk for impaired behavioural and emotional development and affective disorders in children. In animal models, acute periods of prenatal stress have profound effects on hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function and behaviour. However, few studies ...
Weinstock Marta M Department of Pharmacology, Hebrew University, Medical Centre, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem 91120, Israel. - - 2008
Maternal distress during pregnancy increases plasma levels of cortisol and corticotrophin releasing hormone in the mother and foetus. These may contribute to insulin resistance and behaviour disorders in their offspring that include attention and learning deficits, generalized anxiety and depression. The changes in behaviour, with or independent of alterations in ...
Moles A - - 2008
Early adverse experiences are preeminent factors for the development of affective disorders. In the present study, we analyzed the effects of different postnatal manipulations applied either on the mother or on the offspring in mice. Maternal behavior and adrenocortical activity of both mothers and offspring at the end of postnatal ...
Barnet Beth - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether depressive symptoms are a risk factor for a subsequent pregnancy in adolescent mothers. DESIGN: Secondary analysis from a longitudinal risk-reduction intervention. SETTING: Five community-based prenatal sites in Baltimore, Maryland. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred sixty-nine consenting teens, predominantly African American and with low income, who received prenatal care ...
Connors Susan L - - 2008
Normal development of the central nervous system depends on complex, dynamic mechanisms with multiple spatial and temporal components during gestation. Neurodevelopmental disorders may originate during fetal life from genetic as well as intrauterine and extrauterine factors that affect the fetal-maternal environment. Fetal neurodevelopment depends on cell programs, developmental trajectories, synaptic ...
Beddoe Amy E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine published evidence on the effectiveness of mind-body interventions during pregnancy on perceived stress, mood, and perinatal outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Computerized searches of PubMed, Cinahl, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Twelve out of 64 published intervention studies between 1980 and February 2007 of healthy, adult pregnant ...
Porayette Prashanth - - 2008
The rapid growth of the embryo places severe demands on the ability of the cardiovascular system to deliver oxygen to cells. To meet this need, erythroid progenitors rapidly expand in the fetal liver microenvironment such that by E14.5, erythropoiesis predominates in the fetal liver. In this report we show that ...
Sarkar P - - 2008
Both animal and human studies have shown that maternal stress or anxiety during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of disturbance in offspring neurodevelopment and behaviour. In animal models, increased foetal exposure to glucocorticoids has been found to be one mechanism for such foetal programming. Little is understood of the ...
Smith Micah Warren - - 2008
Pregnancy taxes the musculoskeletal system. The enlarging gravid uterus alters the maternal body's center of gravity, mechanically stressing the axial and pelvic systems, and compounds the stresses that hormone level fluctuations and fluid retention exert. While the pregnant woman is prone to many musculoskeletal injuries, most can be controlled conservatively, ...
Li J - - 2008
AIM: An increased duration of breastfeeding has many advantages for the child and mother. However, little research to date has investigated the influence of maternal psychosocial well-being during pregnancy on the duration of breastfeeding. This study aimed to examine whether experience of life stress events, social contact/support in pregnancy and ...
Nakamura Katrina - - 2008
Maternal stress perception is frequently alleged as a cause of infertility, miscarriages, late pregnancy complications or impaired fetal development. The purpose of the present review is to critically assess the biological and epidemiological evidence that considers the plausibility of a stress link to human reproductive failure. All epidemiological studies published ...
Eide Irina P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is associated with increased oxidative stress and excessive maternal inflammatory response. Heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1) is an important stress response enzyme and a mediator of cytoprotection against a wide variety of tissue injuries. METHODS: In the present study, microarray technology was used to compare the expression of ...
Glynn Laura M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the pattern of prenatal stress, as compared to prenatal stress assessed at a single gestational time point, predicts preterm delivery (PTD). DESIGN: Perceived stress and anxiety were assessed in 415 pregnant women at 18-20 and 30-32 weeks' gestation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Gestational length was determined by ...
Kressig Patricia - - 2008
AIM: To compare oxidative stress in patients with preeclampsia (PE) or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) vs. normal pregnancy (controls) during 48 h after delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Women with singleton pregnancies were recruited immediately after delivery (gestational age >26.0 weeks). Women with PE or IUGR were matched with healthy controls by ...
Kontic-Vucinic Olivera - - 2008
Preeclampsia (PE) is an important and a leading cause of both maternal morbidity and adverse perinatal outcomes. Despite progress in perinatal medicine for patients with an established diagnosis of PE, a therapeutic approach other than termination of pregnancy was unsuccessful. Women predisposed to PE begin pregnancy with a certain degree ...
Vieten C - - 2008
Stress and negative mood during pregnancy increase risk for poor childbirth outcomes and postnatal mood problems and may interfere with mother-infant attachment and child development. However, relatively little research has focused on the efficacy of psychosocial interventions to reduce stress and negative mood during pregnancy. In this study, we developed ...
Klinger Gil - - 2008
Depression is common in women of childbearing age and especially during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are increasingly being used to treat depression prior to and throughout pregnancy. Up to 30% of the newborn infants exposed to SSRIs may present with clinical signs during the ...
Price Sarah Kye - - 2008
Previous empirical studies of pregnancy loss have predominantly focused on complex grief response and emergent problems associated with future parenting in self-selected samples of bereaved women. This article presents findings from a retrospective secondary data analysis conducted with a racially and ethnically diverse sample of currently parenting women in the ...
Lee Yea Eun - - 2008
The present study was conducted to elucidate the susceptibility of embryos and fetuses at different gestational stages to the maternal stress in mice. Groups of pregnant ICR mice were subjected to daily 12-h restraint stress, taped in the supine position on a plastic board, on gestational days (GD) 1-4, 5-8, ...
Monti Fiorella - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between assisted reproduction technology (ART) and anxiety symptoms during late pregnancy and early parenthood. METHOD: Women with ART pregnancies were prospectively compared to their partners and to women with spontaneous pregnancies. The sample of 87 subjects, 48 ART (25 mothers and 23 fathers) and 39 ...
Friebe Astrid - - 2008
Spontaneous miscarriage is the most common adverse pregnancy outcome in humans and occurs in 15-20% of all recognized pregnancies. High psychosocial stress perception has long been recognized as a threat to pregnancy maintenance and accumulating evidence supports that stress affects maternal adaptation to pregnancy and subsequently impedes fetomaternal tolerance. This ...
Tuohy Alan - - 2008
This research examined experiences of pregnancy and delivery as predictors of three subscales identified within the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (nonspecific depression, anhedonia, and anxiety). Mothers of babies under 1 year (N = 415) completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and gave information as to number of pregnancies, number ...
Kowalcek I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We examined pregnant women's expectations concerning their unborn babies prior to prenatal diagnosis and also the possible correlations with emotional characteristics such as anxiety and depression. METHODS: The consecutive sampling consisted of 324 pregnant women presenting themselves between the 11th and 29th weeks of pregnancy for detection of foetal ...
Coleman Victoria H - - 2008
As obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) take on a greater role in women's healthcare, it is important that they are aware of the high prevalence of anxiety disorders in their patient population. Anxiety disorders present during pregnancy can have detrimental effects on both mother and child. In this study, we queried 1,193 ob-gyns ...
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