Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 967
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Korenromp Marijke J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We studied psychological outcomes and predictors for adverse outcome in 147 women 4, 8, and 16 months after termination of pregnancy for fetal anomaly. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a longitudinal study with validated self-completed questionnaires. RESULTS: Four months after termination 46% of women showed pathological levels of posttraumatic stress ...
Seimyr Louise - - 2009
The present study investigates if mothers and fathers have similar ways of thinking and feeling about their babies during late pregnancy and how aspects of parental-fetal attachment are related to maternal depressive mood. Two hundred and ninety-eight Swedish-speaking women at 30-32 weeks of gestation and partners (n = 274) participated ...
Heron Jessica - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Childbirth is a potent precipitant of severe episodes of bipolar disorder. We investigate mood longitudinally through pregnancy and the postpartum period, using the Highs Scale and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), to examine if the postpartum period is a time of increased risk for hypomanic symptoms in the ...
Rice F F Department of Psychological Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK. - - 2010
Exposure to prenatal stress is associated with later adverse health and adjustment outcomes. This is generally presumed to arise through early environmentally mediated programming effects on the foetus. However, associations could arise through factors that influence mothers' characteristics and behaviour during pregnancy which are inherited by offspring. A 'prenatal cross-fostering' ...
Gausia Kaniz - - 2009
Depression during pregnancy is a significant public health problem because of its negative effects on the health of both mother and infant. Data on its prevalence and determinants are lacking in Bangladesh. To estimate the prevalence of depression during pregnancy and to identify potential contributory factors among rural Bangladeshi women, ...
Ebbesen S M S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is preliminary evidence to suggest an impact of stress on chances of achieving a pregnancy with in-vitro fertilization (IVF). The majority of the available research has focused on stress related to infertility and going through IVF-treatment, and it is still unclear whether non-fertility-related, naturally occurring stressors may influence ...
Beddoe Amy E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and level of acceptability of a mindful yoga intervention provided during pregnancy and to gather preliminary data on the efficacy of the intervention in reducing distress. DESIGN: Baseline and post-treatment measures examined state and trait anxiety, perceived stress, pain, and morning salivary cortisol in a ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2009
The authors investigated a large number of stressors and measures of psychological distress in a multicenter, prospective cohort study of spontaneous preterm birth among 5,337 Montreal (Canada)-area women who delivered from October 1999 to April 2004. In addition, a nested case-control analysis (207 cases, 444 controls) was used to explore ...
Teixeira C??sar - - 2009
BACKGROUND: High-anxiety and depression rates have been reported in women during pregnancy; however men and parity effects have not been studied as extensively. The purpose of this study was to analyze anxiety and depression in women and their partners during pregnancy, namely differences between the 1st, 2nd and 3rd pregnancy ...
Fetoui H - - 2009
Hyperhomocyteinaemia has been associated with pathological and stressful conditions and considered as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Maternal protein restriction during late pregnancy and postnatal period is a stressful state to their offspring which is associated with disruption of various physiological processes. The objective of the current study was ...
Min J - - 2009
The aims of this study were to determine (1) whether the urinary mid pregnancy and placental delivery oxidative stress levels are related to the intrauterine condition and (2) whether long-lasting adverse oxidative stress is related to the birth size. We investigated pregnant women when they were at 24-28 weeks of ...
Jenks Katey - - 2009
AIM: To determine whether subjects with radiological evidence of osteitis condensans ilii exhibit symptoms and signs in common with sacroiliitis when compared with an age-matched control group and to examine demographic features. METHODS: The Dunedin Hospital radiology database was searched for all subjects with changes of osteitis condensans ilii over ...
Li Jiong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal stress has been linked to several adverse neurobehavioral outcomes, which may share a common pathophysiology with autism. We aimed to examine whether prenatal stress exposure after maternal bereavement is associated with an increased risk of autism later in life. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study of ...
Pottinger Audrey M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Antenatal depression, despite its association with increased maternal morbidity risks, is understudied in the developing world. We determined the rate and predictors of depression throughout pregnancy and the use of medication in women attending an obstetric clinic. METHOD: Prospective longitudinal study of 452 women newly registered at the antenatal ...
van Bussel Johan C H - - 2009
Little is known about how an expecting woman's view of pregnancy, the child, and motherhood relates to antenatal and postpartum depressive symptomatology. In this study, we investigated the influence of the maternal orientations, as described by Raphael-Leff (Psychological processes of childbearing. The Anna Freud Centre, London, 2005), on the prevalence ...
Kazi A - - 2009
Stress in pregnancy can lead to low-birth-weight and preterm babies and to psychological consequences such as anxiety and depression during pregnancy and the puerperium. Previous scales to measure stress contain items that overlap with the symptoms of pregnancy. A stress scale was developed based on in-depth interviews with pregnant women ...
Green Amanda D - - 2009
Previously, a hormone-simulated pregnancy (HSP), and the subsequent 'postpartum' withdrawal in estradiol has been shown to precipitate depressive-like behaviours in the forced swim test in female rats. In this study, we used the HSP and 'postpartum' withdrawal to investigate the impact on sucrose consumption, a model of anhedonia. Rats were ...
Söderquist J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to find risk factors in pregnancy for post-traumatic stress and depression 1 month after childbirth. Furthermore, the relation between post-traumatic stress and depression was explored. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Pregnant women in Linköping and Kalmar, Sweden. POPULATION: A total of 1224 ...
Hämmerli Katja - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Psychological interventions for infertile patients seek to improve mental health and increase pregnancy rates. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to examine if psychological interventions improve mental health and pregnancy rate among infertile patients. Thus, controlled studies were pooled investigating psychological interventions following the introduction of assisted reproductive ...
Hibino Yuri - - 2009
AIMS: The present study assessed the health impact of stress on women who were pregnant during, or immediately after, a major earthquake and were living in the disaster area. Inherent resistance against the stress induced by the earthquake was also assessed. METHODS: The panel study consisted of 99 women who ...
Yim Ilona S - - 2009
Postpartum depression (PPD) is common and has serious implications for the mother and her newborn infant. A possible link between placental corticotropin-releasing hormone (pCRH) and PPD incidence has been hypothesized, but empirical evidence is lacking. To determine whether accelerated increases in pCRH throughout pregnancy are associated with PPD symptoms. Pregnant ...
Zou Yuliang - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate links between psychologic distress and levels of maternal hormones and cortisol during pregnancy and post partum. METHOD: The study population of 308 pregnant or recently delivered women was divided into 4 equal groups, 3 representing each pregnancy trimester and the fourth one representing the first week of ...
Clark Abigail - - 2009
The overall aim of this study was to examine the relationship between depression and body dissatisfaction across pregnancy and the first 12 months postpartum. During pregnancy, women's (N = 116) perceived attractiveness and strength/fitness remained stable, while feeling fat and salience of weight/shape decreased in late pregnancy. During the postpartum, ...
Miranda Marie Lynn - - 2009
One of the most persistent disparities in American health status is the pronounced difference in birth outcomes between non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white women. Poor pregnancy outcomes have a substantial impact on mortality, morbidity, and health care costs. Increasing evidence indicates that environmental exposures are associated with poor birth outcomes. ...
Gomez-Beloz Alfredo - - 2009
A cross-sectional study of 2,317 women who delivered at Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal, Lima, Peru, was carried out to evaluate risk of depression in relation to maternal experience with intimate partner violence (IPV) before and during pregnancy. Depression severity was assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire Depression Subset (PHQ-9). The ...
O'Donnell K - - 2009
Recent human studies have shown that a wide variety of prenatal stressors, from anxiety and partner relationship problems, to natural disasters, increase the risk for a diverse range of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in the child. These include impaired cognitive development and behavioral problems, autism and schizophrenia. However, many questions remain ...
Bunevicius Robertas - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of antenatal depressive disorder in different trimesters and to evaluate the relation of psychosocial risk factors to antenatal depressive disorder. DESIGN: Cohort follow-up. SETTING: University Hospital, Kaunas, Lithuania. SAMPLE: Two hundred and thirty pregnant women consecutively admitted. METHODS: At 12-16 weeks, 22-26 weeks, and 32-36 ...
Alwan Sura - - 2009
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are among the most commonly used medications, with a prescription frequency of 2.3% in pregnant women. Although most babies born to women who take SSRIs during pregnancy are normal, there is accumulating evidence that maternal SSRI treatment during pregnancy may cause adverse reproductive outcomes. Maternal ...
Skouteris Helen - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sleep quality seems to be an antecedent to depressive symptoms during pregnancy. We sought to 1) examine the psychometrics of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in pregnancy; 2) examine whether sleep quality predicted increases in depressive symptoms; and 3) compare PSQI scores across 3 or 2 ...
Sharma Verinder - - 2009
The spectrum of bipolar disorder (BPD) includes BP I, BP II, and BP not otherwise specified(NOS). The latter two conditions are thought to have a combined lifetime prevalence of 3.5%compared to a prevalence rate of 1.0% for BP I.Despite the combined high prevalence of BP II and BP NOS, surprisingly ...
Raudzus Julia - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The management of depression in pregnancy is complex, as it is based on balancing the risks with the benefits of treatment versus no treatment for both the mother and the fetus. The current literature in the field of reproductive psychiatry is difficult to navigate and at times ...
Goodman Sherryl H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study examined psychosocial and personal functioning during pregnancy in women at risk for depression recurrence based on having had at least one major depressive episode (MDE) preceding the pregnancy. METHODS: Three groups of women, who differed in recurrence of depression during pregnancy, were compared: (1) women who had ...
Lev-Wiesel Rachel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the association among past traumatic events, high-risk pregnancy, delivery complications, and postpartum posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms. METHODS: The final convenience sample consisted of 1071 Jewish women at midpregnancy. Data were gathered at three time points (during pregnancy and 1 month and 6 months after ...
Petersen Juliana J - - 2009
Pregnancy is a transition period in a woman's life characterized by increased worries and anxiety. The Cambridge Worry Scale (CWS) was developed to assess the content and extent of maternal worries in pregnancy. It has been increasingly used in studies over recent years. However, a German version has not yet ...
Okun Michele L - - 2009
This study evaluated the relationship between sleep quality in late pregnancy and recurrence of postpartum major depression (PPMD) through 28 weeks postpartum. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) at 36 weeks gestation was assessed in 51 non-depressed women with a history of PPMD; recurrence was determined by the 21-item Hamilton ...
Sausenthaler S - - 2009
Stress has been suggested to impact the onset and exacerbation of eczema and other atopic disorders. Whether early exposure to stress-related factors might exert long-term effects remains to be clarified. The objective of this study was to investigate whether stress-related maternal factors during pregnancy are associated with childhood eczema during ...
Cottrell Elizabeth C - - 2009
Numerous clinical studies associate an adverse prenatal environment with the development of cardio-metabolic disorders and neuroendocrine dysfunction, as well as an increased risk of psychiatric diseases in later life. Experimentally, prenatal exposure to stress or excess glucocorticoids in a variety of animal models can malprogram offspring physiology, resulting in a ...
Obi Samuel N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of depression in Nigerian women following spontaneous pregnancy loss and the coping strategies used. METHODS: A questionnaire survey of 202 Nigerian women who had involuntary pregnancy loss over a 1-year period. The Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale was used to assess the women. RESULTS: Two-thirds of ...
Yarcheski Adela - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) through a comprehensive review of the literature, and to use quantitative meta-analysis to determine the magnitude of the relationship between each predictor and MFA. DESIGN: The literature reviewed included 183 studies of MFA, published and unpublished, between 1981 and 2006. METHODS: Seventy-two ...
Coverdale John H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether placebo-controlled randomized clinical trials of antidepressant medications with pregnant participants are ethically justified. DATA SOURCES: We searched PUBMED, PsychINFO, and Cochrane databases for articles related to the ethical justification of randomized placebo-controlled trials involving pregnant women and for all research articles for the treatment of depression ...
Mann Joshua R - - 2008
Women who experience pregnancy loss are at high risk for depression and grief. We conducted a prospective cohort study to identify antenatal predictors of depressive symptoms and grief following pregnancy loss. Particular emphasis was given to the potential role of religiosity and spirituality. In multivariable linear regression models, depressive symptoms ...
DiPietro Janet A - - 2008
The role of maternal stress during pregnancy remains a focus of academic and clinical inquiry, yet there are few instruments available that measure pregnancy-specific contributors to maternal psychological state. This report examines the psychometric properties of an abbreviated version of the Pregnancy Experience Scale (PES) designed to evaluate maternal appraisal ...
Mora Pablo A - - 2009
Although heterogeneity in the timing and persistence of maternal depressive symptomatology has implications for screening and treatment as well as associated maternal and child health outcomes, little is known about this variability. A prospective observational study of 1,735 low-income, multiethnic, inner-city women recruited in pregnancy from 2000 to 2002 and ...
Fertl Kerstin I - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the current level of pregnancy-related fear and state anxiety in pregnant women who experienced prior miscarriages and to explore the impact of higher levels of anxiety during the first trimester on the following course and outcome of the pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Fleschler Robin - - 2008
Major affective disorders including depression and anxiety occur commonly in women of childbearing age and their incidence can increase during and after pregnancy. There is a critical clinical demand for treatment of these disorders, but the balance between treating affective disorders without harming the developing fetus is a difficult one. ...
Page-Gould Elizabeth - - 2008
The authors induced cross-group friendship between Latinos/as and Whites to test the effects of cross-group friendship on anxiety in intergroup contexts. Cross-group friendship led to decreases in cortisol reactivity (a hormonal correlate of stress; W. R. Lovallo & T. L. Thomas, 2000) over 3 friendship meetings among participants high in ...
Lazinski Marysia J - - 2008
Pregnancy is associated with major physiological changes and adaptation to these changes is crucial for normal fetal development. Heightened emotional stress during pregnancy may interfere with the necessary adaptation and lead to dysregulation of the two major stress response systems: the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) Axis and the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS). ...
Doornbos B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The decrease of maternal docosahexaenoic (DHA) status during pregnancy has been associated with postpartum depression, especially in women with a low intake of DHA. Since the DHA intake in the Netherlands is low, we investigated whether supplementation of low doses of DHA or DHA plus arachidonic acid (AA) during ...
Mueller Bridget R - - 2008
Prenatal stress is associated with an increased vulnerability to neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism and schizophrenia. To determine the critical time window when fetal antecedents may induce a disease predisposition, we examined behavioral responses in offspring exposed to stress during early, mid, and late gestation. We found that male offspring exposed ...
Leeners Brigitte - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive diseases in pregnancy (HDP) are a great challenge for healthcare providers. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the experience of women developing HDP with different stressors associated with healthcare after a diagnosis of HDP. METHOD: A self- administered questionnaire referring to stress associated with general aspects, hospital stay, ...
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