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Leung Eman - - 2010
Although the negative impact of maternal stress during pregnancy on stress reactivity in offspring is well documented in nonhuman animals, we know little about these relations in humans and their lasting effects. The authors examined the relation between perceived maternal stress during pregnancy and stability of infant stress reactivity across ...
Bergman Kristin - - 2010
Fetal programming is emerging as a major conceptual model for understanding developmental origins of health and disease, including behavioral outcomes. As part of a larger study of prenatal stress and child development, we examined the association between prenatal hormone exposure and fear reactivity, a temperament dimension that is a predictor ...
Consonni Elenice B - - 2010
To study maternal anxiety and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women submitted to a Multidisciplinary Program for Childbirth and Motherhood Preparation (MPCM). This is a not randomized controlled trial on 67 nulliparous pregnant women divided into two groups according to participation (MPCM Group; n = 38) or not (Control Group; n ...
Marsella Maria - - 2010
Two premature twins (33 weeks gestation) were born to a woman who had used paroxetine during pregnancy for an anxiety-depression disorder. They were admitted to the NICU, where they showed prolonged RDS, cardiovascular malformations, and facial dysmorphisms. Soon after birth, they also presented abnormal neurobehavioral and motor signs, which partially ...
Dufresne Alexandra - - 2010
This descriptive study evaluates the hypnoanalgesic experience's effect on participants' hypnotizability and opinions about hypnosis and identifies factors associated with hypnotizability. Hypnotizability was assessed using the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale: Form A in 290 women 1 month after their participation in a randomized clinical trial evaluating hypnotic intervention for pain/anxiety ...
Fishell Alicja - - 2010
The risk of depression in women is greatest during the child-bearing years. Considering that about 50% of pregnancies are unplanned, women may become pregnant while on antidepressants, may have their depression or anxiety relapse during pregnancy or postpartum, or may be unwell and untreated before and during pregnancy and the ...
Kaaya S F - - 2010
Several studies show depression is common during pregnancy. However, there is limited information in Tanzania on the magnitude of perceived distress during pregnancy and meanings ascribed to such distress. A descriptive survey collected data using unstructured interviews from 12 traditional practitioners and 10 peri-urban women with previous pregnancy related mental ...
Boivin Jacky - - 2010
The diagnosis and treatment of various medical conditions requires patients to wait for results that are potentially threatening to their wellbeing (e.g., breast biopsy results, pregnancy test results after fertility treatment and genetic screening outcomes). Little research has been carried out to document the psychological processes that unfold during such ...
Larsen Caroline M - - 2010
The postpartum period is associated with an increased incidence of pathological anxiety, exerting a substantial burden on both the mother and the baby. We have shown that pharmacological suppression of prolactin in early pregnancy decreases maternal neurogenesis to cause postpartum anxiety. The present data demonstrate that physiological suppression of prolactin ...
Ajslev Teresa A - - 2010
We investigated associations between maternal postpartum distress covering anxiety, depression and stress and childhood overweight. We performed a prospective cohort study, including 21,121 mother-child-dyads from the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC). Maternal distress was measured 6 months postpartum by 9 items covering anxiety, depression and stress. Outcome was childhood overweight ...
Davis Elysia P - - 2010
The consequences of prenatal maternal stress for development were examined in 125 full-term infants at 3, 6, and 12 months of age. Maternal cortisol and psychological state were evaluated 5 times during pregnancy. Exposure to elevated concentrations of cortisol early in gestation was associated with a slower rate of development ...
van Dijk Aimée E - - 2010
Recent evidence, both animal and human, suggests that modifiable factors during fetal and infant development predispose for cardiovascular disease in adult life and that they may become possible future targets for prevention. One of these factors is maternal psychosocial stress, but so far, few prospective studies have been able to ...
Buss Claudia - - 2010
Because the brain undergoes dramatic changes during fetal development it is vulnerable to environmental insults. There is evidence that maternal stress and anxiety during pregnancy influences birth outcome but there are no studies that have evaluated the influence of stress during human pregnancy on brain morphology. In the current prospective ...
Hay Dale F DF School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Wales, UK. - - 2010
Interviews of 120 British adolescents and their parents (80% of a random sample of antenatal patients drawn from a representative urban population and followed longitudinally) revealed that 40 (33%) had been arrested and/or had a diagnosis of DSM-IV conduct disorder by 16 years of age; of those, 18 (45%) had ...
Pluess Michael - - 2010
Animal models suggest that stress-induced hormonal changes in the mother during pregnancy lead to enduring changes in the fetus and empirical links between prenatal maternal stress and negative child development have been discerned repeatedly in human studies. But the role of heritable personality traits has received little attention in the ...
Li Haihong - - 2010
Studies have shown that maternal chronic stress or depression is linked to an increased risk for affective disorders in progeny. However, the impact of maternal chronic stress before pregnancy on their progeny in animal models has not been well studied. We investigated the behaviors and the neurobiology in 60-day-old male ...
Chen Yumin - - 2010
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in maternal blood originates primarily from gestational tissues and elevated levels in midpregnancy have been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Investigators have hypothesized that high levels of maternal stress might lead to elevated CRH levels in pregnancy. Yet a few studies have measured maternal CRH levels among ...
Pereira Priscila Krauss - - 2009
Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder during pregnancy and is associated with psychosocial and clinical obstetric factors. Despite being an important public health issue, there are few studies about this issue in Brazil. A cross-sectional study was carried out, involving 331 pregnant women attending a public primary health service ...
Kim Deborah R - - 2009
The treatment of major depressive disorder during pregnancy is an important but complex clinical topic. Medications, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychotherapy are all reasonable choices, but each has its limitations. In this article, we propose that a novel device technology known as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation should be systematically studied as ...
Bjelanović Vedran - - 2009
BASE: There are numerous studies that indicate the co-morbidity of a metabolic syndrome and mental disorders. Metabolic syndrome and mental disorders in pregnant women are rarely investigated, especially in pathological pregnancy. To determine a relationship between predisposed factors in pregnancy and the occurrence of metabolic syndrome as well as to ...
Mautner Eva - - 2009
Health problems can develop during a pregnancy, turning it into a high risk. The aim of this study was to explore the influence of hypertensive disorders, gestational diabetes, and preterm birth as risk factors for health-related quality of life (HRQL) and depressive symptoms during late pregnancy and postpartum. A prospective, ...
Blanchard Amy - - 2009
This qualitative study explored the experiences of seven couples where the female partner experienced depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Female and male partners were interviewed together and data was collected and analyzed according to Colaizzi's ( 1978 ) phenomenological research design. The interviews yielded the following themes: (a) Challenges and stressors ...
Makino I - - 2009
This study was designed to determine whether maternal stress levels, state and trait anxiety levels, and stress hormones affect fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns after vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS) at 30 weeks of gestation. A total of 24 healthy pregnant women with a single fetus pregnancy were enrolled. Corticotropin releasing hormone ...
van Bussel Johan C H - - 2010
In this study, we investigated the psychometric qualities of the Dutch version of the Maternal Antenatal Attachment Scale (MAAS). In a monocentric prospective observational cohort study, 403 expectant mothers completed a booklet with questionnaires in the first (T1), second (T2), and third (T3) pregnancy trimesters. In addition to the MAAS ...
Duncan Larissa G - - 2010
We present the conceptual and empirical foundation and curriculum content of the Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting (MBCP) program and the results of a pilot study of n = 27 pregnant women participating in MBCP during their third trimester of pregnancy. MBCP is a formal adaptation of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction ...
Pearson R M - - 2009
Previous research suggests that female sex hormones can increase the sensitivity of women's emotion processing systems. The largest rises in sex hormone levels in a woman's life are from early to late pregnancy. The current study, therefore, investigated whether changes in emotion processing are seen across pregnancy. Hypervigilant emotion processing ...
Woods Sarah M - - 2010
We sought to identify factors associated with high antenatal psychosocial stress and describe the course of psychosocial stress during pregnancy. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from an ongoing registry. Study participants were 1522 women receiving prenatal care at a university obstetric clinic from January 2004 through March 2008. ...
Grizenko Natalie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the ADHD combined/hyperactive subtype (ADHD/CH) to the ADHD inattentive subtype (ADHD/I) on the level of comorbidity, treatment response, and possible etiological factors. METHOD: A total of 371 clinically referred children diagnosed with ADHD aged between 6 and 12 years are recruited for a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of ...
Macbeth Abbe H - - 2010
Rodent research suggests that pregnancy, motherhood and attendant offspring care affect changes in neural function and behaviors that are not directly maternal in nature, but involve cognition, affect, and responses to stress. Thus, female rats having had one pregnancy and bout of rearing (primiparous), or multiple pregnancies and bouts of ...
Tiran Denise - - 2009
This paper is adapted from Denise Tiran's forthcoming new book on pregnancy reflexology, and introduces an innovative new approach which has been termed "structural reflex zone therapy". From a reflexology perspective structural reflex zone therapy (RZT) draws on the Hanne Marquardt system, but is based also on the principles of ...
Dimri Umesh - - 2010
Pregnancy is a physiology state accompanied by high energy and oxygen demand that may lead to increased level of oxidative stress and development of metabolic and reproductive disorders in pregnant water buffaloes. In the present study, the alterations in serum cortisol and erythrocyte lipid peroxides and superoxide dismutase activities were ...
Galbally Megan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine neonatal symptoms previously reported to be associated with exposure to antidepressant medication in late pregnancy in a group of infants exposed to antidepressants, using a prospective and controlled design. METHOD: A prospective case-control study recruited 27 pregnant women taking antidepressant ...
Xiong Yali - - 2009
Preeclampsia, which affects approximately 5-8% of all pregnancies and is one of the leading causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality, is a pregnancy induced complex of multiple pathological changes, including elevated blood pressure, proteinuria and edema manifested after 20 weeks gestation. There is growing evidence that placental stresses ...
Kashiwagi Maki - - 2009
Opiate addiction has been widely documented to have negative impact on pregnancy course and outcome. Unfavorable psychosocial situation of addicted women predispose for poor processing of the physiological and psychological demands of pregnancy. Thus aim of our study was to investigate the psychological mood state of opiate addicts during pregnancy ...
Yonkers Kimberly A - - 2009
To address the maternal and neonatal risks of both depression and antidepressant exposure and develop algorithms for periconceptional and antenatal management. Representatives from the American Psychiatric Association, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and a consulting developmental pediatrician collaborated to review English language articles on fetal and neonatal outcomes ...
Harville Emily W - - 2009
Both self-reported indicators of stress and hormones such as cortisol and corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) have been examined in relation to preterm birth. Although these hormones have been interpreted as biomarkers of stress, it is unclear whether psychosocial measures are empirically associated with biomarkers of stress in pregnant women. We analyzed ...
Gavin Amelia R - - 2009
This study examined the associations among maternal depression, measured in several ways, psychiatric medication use in pregnancy, and preterm delivery (PTD). Data were collected from 3,019 women enrolled in the Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health Study (1998-2004), a prospective study of pregnant women in five Michigan communities. Information on depressive ...
Payne Jennifer L - - 2009
The treatment of depression during pregnancy is both a common and complex clinical challenge. The decision to expose the fetus to antidepressant medication during pregnancy must be weighed against the risks of untreated maternal depression to both mother and fetus. Maternal depression during pregnancy has been associated with increased rates ...
Kinsella Michael T - - 2009
Although postnatal psychologic distress has been widely studied for many years, particularly with a focus on postpartum depression, symptoms of maternal depression, stress, and anxiety are not more common or severe after childbirth than during pregnancy. This paper reviews the newer body of research aimed at identifying the effects of ...
Dimidjian Sona S Depression Center, Department of Psychology, University of Colorado,Boulder, CO 80309-0345, USA. - - 2009
Perinatal depression is a serious and disabling disorder that has enduring consequences for both women and their children. Although efficacious pharmacologic strategies are available, many perinatal women are reluctant to continue or start antidepressant medications because of the concern about impact on the fetus or, later, the nursing infant. Weighing ...
Yonkers Kimberly A KA Department of Psychiatry, Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA. - - 2009
To address the maternal and neonatal risks of both depression and antidepressant exposure and develop algorithms for periconceptional and antenatal management. Representatives from the American Psychiatric Association, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and a consulting developmental pediatrician collaborated to review English language articles on fetal and neonatal outcomes ...
Henrichs J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests, though not consistently, that maternal psychological distress during pregnancy leads to adverse birth outcomes. We investigated whether maternal psychological distress affects fetal growth during the period of mid-pregnancy until birth. METHOD: Pregnant women (n=6313) reported levels of psychological distress using the Brief Symptom Inventory (anxious and ...
Zachariah Rachel - - 2009
Prospective repeated measures were used to examine attachment, social support, life stress, anxiety, and psychological wellbeing among low-income women in early and late pregnancy and the relationships of these variables to prenatal, intrapartum, and neonatal complications. One hundred and eleven medically healthy, low-income, Medicaid-eligible women ages 18-35 years, between 14 ...
Harvison Kyle W - - 2009
Maternal stress and anxiety during pregnancy are related to negative developmental outcomes for offspring, both physiological and psychological, from the fetal period through early adolescence. This robust relationship is likely to be partly explained by alterations in fetal neurodevelopmental programming, calling for further examination of neurophysiologically-based cognitive markers that may ...
Panagopoulou Efharis - - 2009
So far, the beneficial effects of personal written emotional disclosure have been mainly examined in relation to past or current stressful/traumatic experiences. The anticipation of a medical event has rarely been studied within this paradigm. This randomized-controlled study examined whether written emotional disclosure would reduce emotional distress and increase pregnancy ...
Simon Ellin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether the most objective risk factors during pregnancy (prenatal) and delivery (perinatal) precede child's anxiety, and whether these factors exerted their influence via child's non-specific cerebral functioning. METHOD: Median-anxious (n=82) and high-anxious (n=188) children (8-12), enrolled via the use of an anxiety screening questionnaire. Mothers were ...
Sekizuka Naomi - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of the candidate indicators secretory immunoglobulin A (s-IgA) and sense of coherence (SOC) as predictors of threatened premature birth. This was a panel study conducted on women in their first and latter half of pregnancy during survey period. The survey ...
Nagai Masanori - - 2009
During pregnancy, the physical and mental states greatly change. We investigated the influences of pregnancy and anxiety on postural control in pregnant women (P) standing upright in the late trimester. An analysis of posturograms revealed that the area of body sway and length of antero-posterior body sway were greater in ...
Borcherding Kathy E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe coping in healthy pregnant women and examine sociodemographic factors associated with coping styles. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive survey. SETTING: Childbirth classes at 2 Midwestern urban hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy primigravidae (N=159), ages 18 to 34, in their third trimester. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive survey of healthy pregnant women ...
Fairlie Tarayn G TG Department of Pediatrics, Tufts University/Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Massachusetts 01199, USA. - - 2009
Perinatal mood disorders affect up to 20% of women in the United States. Little is known about how disorders in maternal mood may affect rates of breastfeeding. To determine the impact of prenatal depressive symptoms and high pregnancy-related anxiety on (1) prenatal intention to breastfeed and (2) breastfeeding initiation. We ...
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