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Ali AbdelAziem A - - 2011
This was a cross sectional prospective study carried out in Kassala Maternity Hospital, Eastern Sudan (2008-2011) to investigate the incidence rate and factors associated with delayed presentation in ruptured ectopic pregnancy. The total number of deliveries during the study period was 9578. The total number of ectopic pregnancy was 199 ...
Maia Berta Rodrigues - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to estimate depressive disorder and symptomatology prevalence and incidence in perinatal period in a population-based sample. Three-hundred and eighty six Portuguese women (mean age=30.08 years, SD=4.21) were interviewed with the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies and completed Beck Depression Inventory-II/BDI-II and Postpartum Depression ...
Vecchio D - - 2011
Recently, the inclusion of sexed semen technology under field conditions in Mediterranean buffalo heifers has already proved feasible, resulting in pregnancy rates similar to what is ordinarily achieved with conventional nonsexed semen. A seasonal species within the latitudes currently reared in Italy, buffaloes tend to perform better reproductively during the ...
Nogueira M B R - - 2011
Equine AI with frozen semen has become more frequent in reproduction centers, but osmotic shock during thawing is still a major problem as it impairs gamete viability and fertility. To overcome this, multi ultrasonographic (US) exams must be performed to ensure AI at the closest time to ovulation possible. The ...
Koirala A - - 2011
This is an analysis of the incidence of molar pregnancies and those of complete and partial molar pregnancies across the reproductive age range for BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS) in the period 2010-2011. Patients with molar pregnancies registered with BPKIHS from January 2008 to January 2010 were identified. ...
Bag Tara Sankar - - 2011
A 10-year study to evaluate the time trends of ectopic pregnancy showed a gradual but steady rise of incidence from 1/179 to 1/108. Reproductive failure constituted the major bulk but contraceptive failure is gradually increasing. Interestingly failure of emergency contraception has emerged as another risk factor in recent years. Laparotomy ...
Kalogiannidis I - - 2011
Current obstetric practice is characterised by a continuous increase in caesarean section (CS) delivery rates. Main purpose of our study was to estimate the overall and annual rates of CS in a University Hospital in Greece. This was a retrospective chart review of all singleton pregnancies delivered by CS between ...
O'Reardon John P - - 2011
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is considered to be a safe and effective treatment in the management of severe mood disorders during pregnancy. Nevertheless, for the clinician in practice, decision making regarding ECT administration in this special population is challenging. This is due both to the risks of untreated or inadequately treated ...
Knoph Berg Cecilie C Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. - - 2011
To identify factors associated with incidence and course of broadly defined binge eating disorder (BED) in pregnancy. As a part of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), 45,644 women completed a questionnaire at approximately 18 weeks of gestation. Incidence of BED was significantly associated with lifetime sexual abuse, ...
Manaj Aferdita - - 2011
Objective. To observe the influence of preeclampsia during pregnancy. Materials and methods. 5711 patient's records of the year 2008 and 6188 patient's records of the year 2009 of Obstetric/Gynecologic hospital 'Queen Geraldina' have been consulted. The age of women that we studied in 2008 was between 23-35 and in 2009 ...
Koushkie Jahromi M - - 2011
Previous researchers have evaluated the influence of physical exercise or physical activity on pregnancy outcome, but the influence of daily physical activities in details including energy expenditure, biomechanical load and exercise before and during pregnancy have remained unclear. This study evaluates the relationship between daily physical activities as a biomechanical ...
Rothenberger Steffi E - - 2011
Background: Prenatal stress is known to be a potential risk factor for cognitive, behavioural and motor development that even last until adolescence. A consensus of how 'prenatal stress' can be measured, in which trimester of pregnancy women should be studied and whether subjective feelings of being stressed are associated with ...
Littleton Heather L - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between psychosocial stress in pregnancy and negative perinatal outcomes and to identify key moderators of this relationship. To evaluate this relationship, a meta-analytic review was conducted of studies that prospectively assessed the relationship between psychosocial stress in pregnancy and perinatal ...
Brunton P J - - 2010
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis plays a key role in the neuroendocrine response to stress. Dynamic changes in HPA axis regulation and hence HPA responsivity occur over the lifetime of an animal. This article focuses on two extremes of the spectrum. The first occurs naturally during pregnancy when stress responses are ...
Karatas J C - - 2011
PGD has been described in previous cross-sectional and retrospective studies as a stressful experience. No prospective studies of the psychological impact of PGD are currently available. Using a prospective study design, validated measures exploring anxiety and depression were used to assess women using PGD prior to treatment, following embryo transfer, ...
Meltzer-Brody Samantha S Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA. - - 2011
Perinatal depression has a prevalence of 10% with devastating consequences for mother and baby. The prospective identification of those at risk for postpartum (PPD) or prenatal (PND) depression has led to biomarker searches in pregnancy. There are conflicting reports of associations between midpregnancy placental CRH (pCRH) and PPD or PND. ...
Tingström Joanna - - 2010
 Congenital heart block may develop in the foetus during pregnancy in SSA/Ro52 autoantibody-positive women. The aim of this study was to investigate how women with SSA/Ro52 autoantibodies experience their pregnancy in terms of the risk of developing foetal heart block, and in undergoing serial ultrasound Doppler echocardiography to detect early ...
Wojcicki Janet M JM Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2011
A systematic review was conducted to assess the possible association between omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation and intake in the perinatal period and the risk of maternal perinatal depression. Two PubMed searches and a BIOSIS Preview, a Web of Science and a PsychInfo search were conducted with the search ...
Bolten Margarete I - - 2011
Antenatal maternal stress is thought to negatively affect fetal development, birth outcomes, and infant's development. Glucocorticoids are suggested to be a common link between prenatal stressors and infant's health. However, data on these mechanisms are rare and sometimes conflicting. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of ...
Alderdice Fiona - - 2011
to explore the factor structure of the Prenatal Distress Questionnaire (PDQ), which aims to assess worries and concerns related to pregnancy. cross-sectional survey of 263 low-risk pregnant women attending a regional maternity centre in Northern Ireland. Participants completed the PDQ and a series of questions on socio-demographic characteristics between 22 ...
Ludermir Ana Bernarda - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Partner violence against women is common during pregnancy and might have an adverse effect on the mental health of women after delivery. We aimed to investigate the association of postnatal depression with psychological, physical, and sexual violence against women by their intimate partners during pregnancy. METHODS: In a prospective ...
Vrekoussis Thomas - - 2010
Life exists by establishing a balanced equilibrium, called homeostasis, constantly challenged by adverse stimuli, called stressors. In response to these stimuli, a complex neurohormonal reaction exerted by the activation of the so-called stress system is initiated. The latter is activated in a coordinated fashion, leading to behavioral and peripheral changes ...
Pires Gabriel Natan - - 2010
The modern living standard has imposed upon society a situation of chronic sleep deprivation. This chronic loss of sleep affects women more than it does men. As a result, the postponement of pregnancy has become a common choice due to the priority given to social and domestic activities. For women, ...
Pedersen Pernille - - 2011
For some women, pregnancy may increase the risk of future obesity with consequences for health and well-being. Psychosocial factors may be partly responsible for this. The aim of this study was to examine the association between psychosocial factors during pregnancy and postpartum weight retention (PPWR) at 6 and 18 months. ...
Harville Emily W EW Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA. - - 2010
Stress has been proposed as a cause of preterm birth (PTB) and small-for-gestational age (SGA), but stress does not have the same effects on all women. It may be that a woman's reaction to stress relates to her pregnancy health, and previous studies indicate that higher reactivity is associated with ...
Pacagnella Rodolfo C - - 2010
Recent advances in health care mean that women survive severe conditions and events related to pregnancy that would previously have resulted in death. Therefore, a greater number of women will experience significant maternal morbidity with significant consequences. Little is known, however, about these long-term consequences. Some investigators have evaluated the ...
Figueiredo Bárbara - - 2010
Neonates show visual preference for their mother's face/voice and shift their attention from their mother to a stranger's face/voice after habituation. To assess neonate's mother versus stranger's face/voice visual preference, namely mother's anxiety and depression during the third pregnancy trimester and neonate's: 1) visual preference for the mother versus the ...
Woods-Giscombé Cheryl L - - 2010
The purpose of the current study was to examine patterns of state anxiety and pregnancy-specific distress across pregnancy in a diverse sample of women with (n = 113) and without (n = 250) prior miscarriage. For both groups, state anxiety and pregnancy-specific distress were highest in the first trimester and ...
Einarson Adrienne - - 2010
I have a patient who has just found out she is pregnant, and she is currently taking paroxetine for severe anxiety and depression. Owing to conflicting results from different studies, as well as my patient hearing about the lawsuit against GlaxoSmithKline, I did try her on other antidepressants; however, only ...
Kim Deborah R DR Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, 2nd Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2010
Guidelines regarding the treatment of depression during pregnancy were recently published by the American Psychiatric Association and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. We provide a commentary on these guidelines.
Hamama Lydia L University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48109-1290, - - 2010
Few studies have considered whether elective and/or spontaneous abortion (EAB/SAB) may be risk factors for mental health sequelae in subsequent pregnancy. This paper examines the impact of EAB/SAB on mental health during subsequent pregnancy in a sample of women involved in a larger prospective study of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ...
Sit Dorothy D Women's Behavioral HealthCARE, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2010
To add to the limited data on the clinical pharmacology of antidepressants during pregnancy, we examined the dose-corrected chiral and racemic levels (level/dose) of fluoxetine (FLX) and norfluoxetine (NorFLX) during pregnancy and early postpartum. The authors evaluated 17 pregnant women who received fluoxetine therapy. Doses were recorded weekly across gestation ...
Whitehouse Andrew J O - - 2010
There is accumulating evidence for a link between maternal stress during pregnancy and later behavioural and emotional problems in children. Little research has examined other developmental outcomes. To determine the effect of maternal stress during pregnancy on offspring language ability in middle childhood. Longitudinal pregnancy cohort-study. A total of 2900 ...
Halimi Surraya - - 2010
Eclampsia remains a leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. Primigravida are at higher risk of convulsions and antepartum convulsions are more dangerous than those beginning after delivery. This study was carried out to evaluate the epidemiological aspects of patients presenting with eclampsia in the catchment area of ...
Tjoa Christopher - - 2010
Depression during pregnancy can negatively affect maternal and fetal health. Some women will choose not to take psychotropic medications during pregnancy. This article reviews alternatives to pharmacologic treatments for women suffering from unipolar depression during pregnancy, focusing on exercise therapy, phototherapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation and acupuncture.
Al-Gubory Kaïs H - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated as by-products of aerobic respiration and metabolism. Mammalian cells have evolved a variety of enzymatic mechanisms to control ROS production, one of the central elements in signal transduction pathways involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Antioxidants also ensure defenses against ROS-induced damage to ...
Gameiro Sofia - - 2010
We examined the psychosocial adjustment of 35 Portuguese couples who conceived through Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) and 31 couples with a spontaneous conception during their transition to parenthood (pregnancy and 4 months postpartum). Couples completed self-report questionnaires regarding their perceptions of pregnancy and parenthood, psychological distress, quality of life, marital ...
Fink Nadine Stephanie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Maternal stress can have an impact on pregnancy. However, effects on fetal neurobehavior are not well understood. In this study, the effect of laboratory stress on maternal psychoneuroendocrinological response and on fetal neurobehavior was studied. Serum cortisol as a potential underlying mechanism was measured. METHODS: Twenty-seven women made a ...
Conde Ana - - 2010
To examine effects of mother's anxiety and depression and associated risk factors during early pregnancy on fetal growth and activity. Repeated measures of mother's anxiety (State-Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S)) and depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)) and related socio demographics and substance consumption were obtained at the 1st and 2nd pregnancy ...
Douglas Alison J - - 2010
Stress and adverse environmental surroundings result in suboptimal conditions in a pregnant mother such that she may experience poor pregnancy outcome including complete pregnancy failure and preterm labor. Furthermore her developing baby is at risk of adverse programming, which confers susceptibility to long term ill health. While some mechanisms at ...
Kaasen A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To predict acute psychological distress in pregnant women following detection of a fetal structural anomaly by ultrasonography, and to relate these findings to a comparison group. DESIGN: A prospective, observational study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre for fetal medicine. POPULATION: One hundred and eighty pregnant women with a fetal structural ...
Van der Elst Wim - - 2011
The pathological left-handedness theory claims that pregnancy and birth stress events (PBSEs) are important risk factors for sinistrality, but previous studies yielded inconclusive results. The aim of the present study was to further evaluate the effect of PBSEs on multiple indicators of lateral preference (i.e., hand, foot, eye, and ear ...
Kuo Shih-Hsien - - 2010
The purposes of this prospective, longitudinal study were to examine the relationships between leptin, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), cortisol, and psychosocial stress and nausea and vomiting (NV) in women with mild-to-moderate NV throughout pregnancy. Participants comprised 91 pregnant women recruited from prenatal clinics in southern Taiwan. Data analysis using one-way ...
Ji Eun Sun - - 2010
To investigate the effects of Qi exercise on maternal outcomes during pregnancy. A prospective, two-group, quasi-experimental, pretest/post test design was used. A convenience sample was recruited from one women's wellness center and one women's health clinic in Seoul, Korea. Participants were healthy pregnant women at more than 18 weeks gestation. ...
Entringer Sonja - - 2010
The effects of maternal stress during pregnancy may depend, in part, on the timing in gestation of the occurrence of stress. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of stage of gestation on maternal psychophysiological responses to stress using a standardized laboratory paradigm and on the ...
Brajenović-Milić Bojana - - 2010
To assess whether imminent amniocentesis is associated with the perception of increased stress and state anxiety in women and their partners and whether greater partner's involvement during pregnancy alleviates women's stress and anxiety. Two hundred twenty women awaiting amniocentesis and 90 male partners participated in the study. The State-Trait Anxiety ...
Bennett Ian M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether pregnancy is associated with discontinuation of care for depression among low-income women. METHODS: Medicaid claims data from all 50 states were used in a matched cohort study design. The study included 3,237 women who gave birth between 1999 and 2000 and received depression treatment (antidepressant ...
Baor Liora - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study explores the differences in prenatal maternal expectations, coping resources and maternal stress between first time mothers of IVF twins and first time mothers of spontaneously conceived twins. The role of prenatal maternal expectations in the prediction of maternal stress was examined, as well as the mediating and ...
Meinlschmidt Gunther - - 2010
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity is altered postpartum and has been associated with several puerperal disorders. However, little is known about the association of maternal HPA activity during pregnancy with maternal HPA responsiveness to stress after parturition. Within a longitudinal study with an experimental component, we assessed in 22 women the salivary ...
Hung Tai-Ho - - 2010
Pregnancy is associated with increased oxidative stress, and exaggeration of oxidative damage is considered important in pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia. There is, however, only scattered information regarding the longitudinal change of oxidative stress during pregnancy. We surmised that the placenta is the cause of the increased oxidative stress during ...
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