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Joy Jolly - - 2012
Abstract Background: Artificial Reproductive Technologies (ART) and conception following a period of untreated infertility (> one year) are independently associated with increased pregnancy complications in both singleton and multiple pregnancies. It is unknown if placental dysfunction associated with macroscopic and/or microscopic histological discrepancies might explain some of these variances. Aim: ...
Kovo Michal - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify pathological placental differences between early-onset and late-onset preeclampsia, in relation to fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: Placentas from patients with preeclampsia were analyzed for lesions of maternal vascular supply consistent with maternal underperfusion and lesions of fetal vascular supply consistent with fetal thrombo-occlusive disease. Findings were compared ...
Krogh Camilla - - 2012
Pyloric stenosis occurs with a nearly 5-fold male predominance. To what extent this is due to environmental factors is unknown. In a cohort of all children born in Denmark, 1977-2008, the authors examined the association between pre- and perinatal exposures and pyloric stenosis and investigated whether these factors modified the ...
Margulis Andrea V AV Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
The role of administrative databases for research on drug safety during pregnancy can be limited by their inaccurate assessment of the timing of exposure, as the gestational age at birth is typically unavailable. Therefore, we sought to develop and validate algorithms to estimate the gestational age at birth using information ...
Salerno Angela - - 2012
To estimate the incidence of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) in Italy and identify problems in data retrieval. The number of all GTD cases recorded from January 2005 to December 2009 was retrieved from pathology department databases of 39 hospitals located in different regions of Italy. The number of total pregnancies ...
Mankita Ronen - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To characterize seasonal patterns of placental abruption among Jewish and Bedouin parturients in the Southern part of Israel. Methods: A retrospective population-based study comparing all singleton pregnancies of patients with and without placental abruption was conducted. Deliveries occurred between the years 1988 and 2010. A 'classical' model of ...
Schwarzer J U - - 2012
The technique and the results of microsurgical vasectomy reversal in a single-centre study over 18 years are presented. Both vasovasostomy (VV) and epididymovasostomy (EV) were carried out in a three-layer technique. With strict adherence to the strategy, end-to-end VV was only performed if spermatozoa had been demonstrated at the epididymal stump ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Fetal macrosomia is defined as a fetus that is of large size for gestational age, i.e. equal to or greater than the 90th percentile of weight. There is some evidence of increased perinatal mortality and morbidity rates in cases of macrosomia. Design: This is a retrospective study of patients ...
Campbell Ajd - - 2012
Background  Several outbreaks of goitre, considered to be related to iodine deficiency, occurred in sheep flocks throughout Victoria in 2010. Objective  We describe one outbreak in Merino-Border Leicester-cross ewes and their lambs in north-east Victoria that appeared to be associated with increased rainfall and pasture growth, particularly during the preceding ...
Griffin Daniel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare live birth rates after dual trigger of oocyte maturation with GnRH agonist (GnRHa) and low-dose hCG versus GnRHa alone in high responders with peak E(2) <4,000 pg/mL at risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University-based tertiary-care fertility center. PATIENT(S): Patients <40 years ...
Picchiassi Elena - - 2012
We applied a noninvasive prenatal test for the determination of fetal gender in multiple pregnancies by using free fetal DNA circulating in maternal blood in order to evaluate whether the quantification of male DNA could distinguish the fetal gender and the number of male and female fetuses in multiple pregnancies. ...
Saha K - - 2012
There is high incidence of rheumatic valvular heart disease in developing countries like Bangladesh, for which large number of young females undergo valve replacement with mechanical prosthetic heart valve. Pregnancy with mechanical heart valve carries risk of warfarin embryopathy and increased incidence of maternal thrombo-embolism. We had successful outcome of ...
Tseng Chien-Chih - - 2012
To investigate flow in the ductus venosus at 11-13 + 6 weeks of gestation in women with normal pregnancies in the Taiwanese population. Two hundred and fifty-two normal singleton pregnancies with gestational ages ranging from 11 to 13 + 6 weeks were examined in this study. The pulsatility index for veins (PIV), resistance index ...
Giuliano S M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to design an AI protocol using cooled semen to obtain pregnancies in the llama. Each raw ejaculate was subdivided into four aliquots which were extended 1:1 with: (1) 11% lactose-egg yolk (L-EY), (2) Tris-citrate-fructose-egg yolk (T-F-EY), (3) PBS-llama serum (S-PBS) and (4) skim milk-glucose ...
Boostanfar Robert - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare live birth rates after fresh embryo transfer (ET) and cumulative ongoing pregnancy rates after fresh ET and frozen-thawed (ET) between continents and overall after one treatment cycle with corifollitropin alfa or recombinant FSH. DESIGN: Double-blind, multicenter, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Fourteen centers in North America (NA); 20 ...
Sanches Bv - - 2012
In this work, we evaluated whether embryo development and pregnancy rates would be affected by culturing bovine Bos indicus embryos in Synthetic Oviductal Fluid with amino acids (SOFaa) or G1/G2 sequential medium under a low-oxygen atmosphere. Using Ovum Pick Up, we obtained 1,538 oocytes, divided into G1/G2 (n = 783) and SOFaa ...
Laughon S Katherine - - 2012
We sought to describe details of labor induction, including precursors and methods, and associated vaginal delivery rates. This was a retrospective cohort study of 208,695 electronic medical records from 19 hospitals across the United States, 2002 through 2008. Induction occurred in 42.9% of nulliparas and 31.8% of multiparas and elective ...
Maloney Katherine F - - 2012
Hypertensive disease (HD) during pregnancy includes chronic hypertension (HTN), gestational hypertension (GH), and preeclampsia/eclampsia (PEC). Differences between types of HD have not been well studied. Clinicopathologic features were compared between the HD groups and controls. HD was associated with lower Apgar scores, intrauterine growth restriction, IUGR, and delivery at an ...
Tiboni Gian Mario - - 2012
This retrospective case-control study was undertaken to assess the impact of a malleable stylet application on embryo transfer (ET) outcome. The Wallace malleable stylet was used when the soft inner catheter could not negotiate the internal os during ultrasound-guided ET. Patients having an age ≤37 years, with three embryos replaced ...
Nakayama Soichiro - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of this study was to evaluate the perinatal outcome of monochorionic diamniotic (MD) twin gestations managed from early gestation onward at a single center. Material and Methods:  This was a retrospective single-cohort study, spanning 6 years, of 219 MD twin pregnancies who received prenatal care before 14 weeks of ...
Murji Ally - - 2012
Several reports suggest a male fetal preponderance in a variety of complications of pregnancy attributable to severe placental dysfunction (SPD). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Our primary objective was to explore the relationship between fetal sex and the spectrum of conditions implicated in abnormal placentation. We identified singleton pregnancies ...
Gentry G T - - 2012
Control of the white-tailed doe's reproductive cycle is not well documented. The objective was to determine the effects of giving equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) at progesterone device removal on fixed time artificial insemination (FTAI) pregnancy rates in white-tailed does. All does (n = 74) were synchronized with a vaginal progesterone ...
Gallo Maria F - - 2012
The female condom remains the sole female-initiated method of dual protection against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmissible infections (STIs), including HIV. We reviewed published data on the effectiveness and acceptability of the female condom for protection against pregnancy and infection. Overall, use of the female condom is low and several ...
Walsh Colin A - - 2012
Objective: Selective fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (SFLP) is now the treatment of choice for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). The incidence of recurrent TTTS following SFLP has been inconsistently reported across different studies. We performed a systematic review of TTTS recurrence following SFLP. Methods: Pubmed and Medline online databases were searched for ...
Puechagut P B - - 2012
Hexarelin (HEXr), a synthetic ghrelin analogue, has been associated with modifications of reproductive physiology. In previous studies of adult mice, we detected that HEXr induced significantly reduced ovulation rate and significant correlation coefficients between sexual maturation and corporal weight in offspring. In this study, we investigated the effects of chronic ...
Burgess Elizabeth A - - 2012
Assessing reproductive status and monitoring reproductive rates is important in the effective management of vulnerable marine mammal species such as the dugong (Dugong dugon). Knowledge of the reproductive physiology of this species is limited, and determining reproductive parameters (e.g., sexual maturation, pregnancy, and reproductive senescence) has been restricted by a ...
Dyer Silke Juliane SJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Groote Schuur Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, UCT. - - 2012
We present the first report from the South African Register of Assisted Reproductive Techniques. All assisted reproductive technology (ART) centres in South Africa were invited to join the register. Participant centres voluntarily submitted information from 2009 on the number of ART cycles, embryo transfers, clinical pregnancies, age of female partners ...
Sazonova Antonina - - 2012
BACKGROUNDThere is increasing use of cryopreservation in IVF. This study compared singletons born after cryopreservation with singletons born after fresh IVF cycles and singletons born to women in the general population.METHODSData were collected for Swedish IVF treatments during the years 2002-2006. All singletons from single embryo transfer (SET) and double ...
El-Khayat Waleed - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether fallopian tube sperm perfusion (FSP) would improve pregnancy rates compared with standard intrauterine insemination (IUI) in cases of male factor infertility. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial at a university teaching hospital in Egypt, 120 couples with mild or moderate male factor infertility underwent a mild ...
Jun Zhu - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To determine the prevalence of pregnancies with neural tube defects (NTDs) in China between 2006 and 2008 and to find a better representative monitoring gestational age for total prevalence of NTDs by comparing the prevalence at or greater than 20, 22, or 28 weeks of gestation (abbreviated as ...
de Mouzon J - - 2012
This 11th European IVF-monitoring report presents the results of assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatments initiated in Europe during 2007. From 33 countries, 1029 clinics reported 493 184 treatment cycles: IVF (120 761), ICSI (256 642), frozen embryo replacement (91 145), egg donation (15 731), preimplantation genetic diagnosis/preimplantation genetic screening (4638), ...
Ponzio Beatriz Felice - - 2012
AIMS: An extensive variety of prenatal insults are associated with an increased incidence of metabolic and cardiovascular disorders in adult life. We previously demonstrated that maternal global nutrient restriction during pregnancy leads to increased blood pressure and endothelial dysfunction in the adult offspring. This study aimed to assess whether prenatal ...
Sisó C - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to describe the variation in listeriosis infection incidence during pregnancy over a 25-year period based on salient clinical and laboratory features compiled in a tertiary referral hospital and to depict the clinical characteristics of these cases. A cohort was created of all cases of ...
Schwartz Nadav - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of 2-dimensional sonographic placental measurements in the prediction of small for gestational age (SGA). METHODS: The maximal diameter along the fetal surface of the placenta and the maximal placental thickness was measured at 18-24 weeks' gestation. The measures were repeated in the orthogonal plane. Biometric ...
Montag Markus - - 2012
Following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), some patients present low or zero fertilization rates. Artificial oocyte activation has been proposed as a suitable means to overcome this problem. This study applied artificial oocyte activation in patient cohorts with a history of no fertilization (0%, group 1), fertilization between 1 and 29% ...
Mshelia Gideon Dauda - - 2012
The prevalence of bovine venereal campylobacteriosis (BVC) was investigated in the Lake Chad basin of Nigeria. Preputial washings and cervico-vaginal mucus samples were obtained from 270 cattle presenting a history of abortion and lowered fertility, kept in traditional and institutional farms. All the samples investigated were cultured using standard bacteriological ...
Gu Longjie - - 2012
To assess the influence of male age on the outcome of oocyte donation cycles. A total 103 oocyte donation cycles of 70 couples (male aged 26 to 57) were examined, all of which were performed with conventional in vitro fertilization using fresh ejaculation sperm. Main outcome measures were fertilization rate, ...
Redmond D Eugene DE - - 2012
Ultrasound assessments of fetal growth have been used in other species of primates to estimate fetal age, but there are no published morphometrics for the St. Kitts green monkey (Chlorocebus sabaeus), a species that has been important for studies of transplantation of fetal tissue into the brain as potential treatment ...
Yang Seong-Ho - - 2012
The objective of this study is to compare the pregnancy and live birth rates of a natural cycle in vitro fertilization (IVF) combined with in vitro maturation (IVM) treatment (natural cycle IVF/M) by the presence or absence of mature oocytes retrieved. Infertile women were divided into two groups: (A) patients ...
Zampieri N - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to describe the incidence of necrotising enterocolitis in multiple pregnancies and compare it with single pregnancies, pinpointing any risk and morbidity factors. A retrospective study of patients admitted to the neonatal pathology department of our hospital was carried out. The period considered was January ...
Natoli Jaime L - - 2012
The objective of this study was to review the published literature on pregnancy termination following a prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome in the United States. A systematic search of US English-language articles (1995-2011) was conducted to identify primary research studies that reported data for pregnancies with definitive prenatal diagnosis of ...
Takahashi Jun C - - 2012
Stroke during pregnancy associated with moyamoya disease (MMD) has been reported sporadically, but no systematic surveys have been undertaken. To reveal the current clinical situation, the authors conducted Japan's first nationwide survey of pregnancy and delivery associated with MMD. A questionnaire was sent to all 270 perinatal medical centers across ...
Check J H - - 2012
To determine if the presence of a lower percentage of metaphase II eggs during oocyte retrieval leads to a lower fertilization rate of these metaphase II eggs since they may be more likely to be not quite fully mature, and to determine if transfer of embryos made from these eggs ...
Demir B - - 2012
To compare the results of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer (ET) cycles in men with severe oligoospermia and non-obstructive azoospermia. This study included 91 ICSI cycles performed due to male factor infertility. Patients are divided into two groups according to source of spermatozoa. Group 1 consisted of 38 ...
Aibar Laura - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the relationship of fetal sex with obstetric risk factors and perinatal outcomes. Material and methods: Retrospective study of deliveries during 2003-2009 at a tertiary hospital based on the analysis of obstetric and neonatal risk variables according to neonatal sex. Results: Of the 29,530 deliveries studied, the ...
Ooki Syuichi - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of single embryo transfer (SET) in assisted reproductive technology (ART) on the reduction of the multiple pregnancy rate. We also estimated the monozygotic (MZ) twinning rates according to the SET diffusion indirectly. A reverse sigmoid curve was assumed and ...
Westreich Daniel - - 2012
Little is known about rates of incident pregnancy among HIV-positive women initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). We conducted a retrospective clinical cohort study among therapy-naïve women ages 18-45 initiating HAART between 1 April 2004 and 30 September 2009 at an adult HAART clinic in Johannesburg, South Africa. We used ...
Martucci V V Pediatric Cardiology, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena, 324, 00161 Rome, - - 2012
Transient episodes of fetal bradycardia (heart rate less than 110 bpm) are usually benign and typically result from increased vagal stimulation in the fetus. Causes of sustained fetal bradycardia include sinus bradycardia, blocked atrial bigeminy/trigeminy, high-degree atrioventricular block, and long QT syndrome. We present the case of a 34-year-old Caucasian patient ...
Ali AbdelAziem A - - 2011
This was a cross sectional prospective study carried out in Kassala Maternity Hospital, Eastern Sudan (2008-2011) to investigate the incidence rate and factors associated with delayed presentation in ruptured ectopic pregnancy. The total number of deliveries during the study period was 9578. The total number of ectopic pregnancy was 199 ...
Maia Berta Rodrigues - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to estimate depressive disorder and symptomatology prevalence and incidence in perinatal period in a population-based sample. Three-hundred and eighty six Portuguese women (mean age=30.08 years, SD=4.21) were interviewed with the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies and completed Beck Depression Inventory-II/BDI-II and Postpartum Depression ...
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