Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 967
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Boyd-Kimball Debra - - 2005
Glutathione (GSH) is an important endogenous antioxidant found in millimolar concentrations in the brain. GSH levels have been shown to decrease with aging. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with aging and oxidative stress. Abeta(1-42) has been shown to induce oxidative stress and has been proposed to play ...
Roussel S - - 2005
The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of maternal stress during pregnancy on the emotional reactivity, the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis, and the sympatho-adrenomedullary (SAM) system of goat offspring according to their gender, and to investigate the role of maternal cortisol in prenatal stress effects. Goats were exposed ...
Hallberg Pär - - 2005
Mood and anxiety disorders are common in women during their childbearing years. The prevalence of depression has been reported to be between 10% and 16% during pregnancy. The use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors during pregnancy or lactation is, to date, not promoted because of lack of safety documentation. However, ...
DiPietro Janet A - - 2005
This study investigated the trajectory of physiological and psychological functioning during the second half of pregnancy and compared responsiveness to a laboratory stressor between pregnant and non-pregnant women. Monitoring of 137 pregnant women at 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, and 38 weeks of pregnancy included measures of heart period (HP), ...
LeResche Linda - - 2005
AIMS: To describe the course of reported musculoskeletal pain in the temporomandibular region and other signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) as well as psychological distress over the course of pregnancy and 1 year postpartum. METHODS: Women with musculoskeletal orofacial pain (n = 19) and pain-free comparison subjects (n ...
Rubinchik Sofya M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 30% of women experience some type of anxiety disorder during their lifetime. In addition, some evidence exists that anxiety disorders can affect pregnancy outcomes. This article reviews the literature on the course of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and panic disorder during pregnancy and the postpartum period and presents ...
Raijmakers M T M - - 2005
New knowledge of placental development and function suggests that several common complications of pregnancy could share a similar origin. It is suggested that impaired placental development in early pregnancy may lead to placental oxidative stress and subsequently to the maternal syndromes such as recurrent early pregnancy loss and pre-eclampsia. Oxidative ...
Salisbury Amy L - - 2005
This review provides an overview and definition of the concept of neurobehavior in human development. Two neurobehavioral assessments used by the authors in current fetal and infant research are discussed: the NICU Network Neurobehavioral Assessment Scale and the Fetal Neurobehavior Coding System. This review will present how the two assessments ...
Severi F M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a virtual reality workstation (Fetouch system) offering three-dimensional (3D) fetal visual and kinesthetic interaction may affect maternal stress. METHODS: Maternal-fetal visual and kinesthetic interaction was obtained through a haptic interface based on 3D reconstruction of sequencial bi-dimensional ultrasound images of the fetus. Maternal stress was assessed ...
Van den Bergh Bea R H - - 2005
This study prospectively investigated the influence of antenatal maternal anxiety, measured with the State Trait Anxiety Inventory at 12-22, 23-31 and 32-40 postmenstrual weeks of pregnancy, on cognitive functioning in 57 adolescents (mean age 15 years). ANCOVAs showed effects of State anxiety at 12-22 weeks, after controlling for influences of ...
Huot R L - - 2004
This study tests the hypothesis that maternal depression during pregnancy predicts temperament in offspring aged 6 m to 5 y. Previous studies have shown that maternal depression is related to negative affect and that certain temperament factors, such as negative affect and behavioral inhibition, in children predict affective disorders. Here, ...
Rieger Margarete - - 2004
Prenatal maternal stress has been shown to impair birth outcome and behavioral functioning in nonhuman primate offspring. Little is known about the effects of prenatal stress on behavioral development in humans. We assessed the effect of self-reported prenatal stress on behavioral characteristics of 81 newborns using the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment ...
Sjöström Helga - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Our knowledge of how a woman as an individual experiences, evaluates and copes with pregnancy is limited. The concept of 'sense of coherence' as described by Antonovsky may be an important factor in how people deal with stressful situations in life. The aim of this study is to describe ...
Burkhammer Maria D - - 2004
A young, anxious mother's first pregnancy was eclamptic, her placenta was underperfused, and her son was stillborn. She carried grief, guilt, anxiety, and hypervigilance into her next preeclamptic pregnancy, birth (of her small-for-dates son), and early postpartum period. When breastfeeding difficulties developed, the authors intervened with three consecutive (skin-to-skin) breastfeedings. ...
Van Paulina - - 2004
Sleep patterns and dream content may be affected by stressful life events such as pregnancy loss. Women who are pregnant subsequent to a prior pregnancy loss tend to have anxious and emotionally charged experiences during their pregnancies. Dreams can affect pregnancy outcomes, specifically premature birth. This qualitative study is the ...
Bonari Lori - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the perinatal risks involved in untreated depression during pregnancy. METHOD: We searched Medline and medical texts for all studies pertaining to this area up to the end of April 2003. Key phrases entered were depression and pregnancy, depression and pregnancy outcome, and depression and ...
Armstrong Deborah S DS School of Nursing, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA. - - 2004
To evaluate the influence of previous perinatal loss on depressive symptoms, pregnancy-specific anxiety, and prenatal attachment for parents during subsequent pregnancies. Cross-sectional, survey design. Forty expectant couples who experienced a prior perinatal loss. Influence of loss (Impact of Event Scale [IES]), depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale [CES-D]), pregnancy-specific ...
Campagne Daniel M - - 2004
The objective of this article is to review the literature as to the presence of depression during and after pregnancy and some of its clinical implications; and to present a simple statistical aide for screening purposes. Clinical depression affects at least one in five women of childbearing age. During pregnancy, ...
Huizink Anja C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of general anxiety during pregnancy may underestimate anxiety specifically related to pregnancy. Pregnancy anxiety rather than general anxiety has been shown to predict birth outcome and neuroendocrine changes during pregnancy. Therefore, a questionnaire on pregnancy anxieties was used to test their structure, and to examine their associations with ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update of literature on the safety of using selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy. METHODS: MEDLINE was searched for English-language papers published from 1985 to 2003 on human studies of SSRIs, using the key words "serotonin reuptake inhibitors," "citalopram," "fluoxetine," "fluvoxamine," "paroxetine," and "sertraline." RESULTS: ...
DiPietro J A - - 2004
Despite substantial interest in the effects of stress on pregnancy, few instruments are available to measure pregnancy-specific stressors. Moreover, research has typically focused on the distressing, negative aspects of pregnancy. This report examines the reliability and validity of the Pregnancy Experience Scale (PES), a 41-item scale that measures pregnancy-specific daily ...
Glover Vivette - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have shown that prenatal stress is linked with altered laterality in the offspring. AIMS: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that antenatal maternal anxiety was associated with altered lateralisation in children, as demonstrated by mixed handedness. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: We used the ...
Andersson Liselott - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the obstetric outcome and health care consumption during pregnancy, delivery, and the early postpartum period in an unselected population-based sample of pregnant women diagnosed with antenatal depressive and/or anxiety disorders, compared with healthy subjects. METHODS: Participants were 1,495 women attending 2 obstetric clinics in Northern Sweden. The ...
Cohen L S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy has frequently been referred to as a time of emotional well-being for patients. However, systematic data about the risk for relapse of depression during pregnancy are sparse. METHOD: We completed a longitudinal cohort study of thirty-two (N = 32) women with histories of depression who were euthymic at ...
Darnaudéry Muriel - - 2004
Human and animal studies indicate that repeated stress during pregnancy can produce long-term biological and behavioural disorders in the offspring. In contrast, although maternal stress is supposed to induce an increase of maternal anxiety, few studies have been conducted to demonstrate it. Therefore, in the present study we examined the ...
Tiran Denise - - 2004
Pregnancy is a period of enormous physio-pathological and psychosocial adaptation in a woman's life. Although it is usually a time of joy and anticipation, many women experience some degree of anxiety, concern and fear regarding their own health and that of their babies, as well as the approaching labour. Worry ...
Laplante David P - - 2004
Prenatal maternal stress has been shown to impair functioning in nonhuman primate offspring. Little is known about the effects of prenatal stress on intellectual and language development in humans because it is difficult to identify sufficiently large samples of pregnant women who have been exposed to an independent stressor. We ...
Van den Bergh Bea R H - - 2004
Associations between antenatal maternal anxiety, measured with the State Trait Anxiety Inventory, and disorders in 8- and 9-year-olds were studied prospectively in 71 normal mothers and their 72 firstborns. Clinical scales were completed by the mother, the child, the teacher, and an external observer. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that ...
Cohen Lee S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy has frequently been described as a time of emotional well-being conferring 'protection' against psychiatric disorders. However, data to support this impression are sparse. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken in order to examine rates of reintroduction of antidepressants across pregnancy among a cohort of 54 euthymic pregnant women ...
Boog Georges - - 2004
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disease affecting around 1% of the population, the negative signs of which are correlated with inactivity of the prefrontal dorsolateral cortex, while an increased, more deeply localized, activity in the mesolimbic pathway may explain the positive signs. Several events occurring during pregnancy are likely to be ...
López-Fando A - - 2004
Lepidium peruvianum root has been traditionally utilized by native Peruvians, since before the time of the Incas, for both nutritional and putative medicinal purposes as an adaptogen and also to enhance fertility in humans and animals. The present research was conducted to evaluate the anti-stress activity of the methanolic extract ...
Amiel-Tison Claudine - - 2004
This review is an attempt to provide an integrative view for the biological changes triggered by fetal stress through a multidisciplinary approach. Acceleration of brain and lung maturation in certain risk pregnancies was first described clinically and confirmed by biochemical, electrophysiological and experimental data. Moreover, new experimental findings suggest that ...
Johnson Martin P - - 2004
The long-term implication of how men cope during a partner's pregnancy, at childbirth or following miscarriage has not received attention. This study aims to examine if men's coping response during pregnancy, at childbirth, or miscarriage predict psychological outcomes at the time of childbirth/miscarriage or 1 year later, and to establish ...
Field T - - 2004
Eighty-four depressed pregnant women were recruited during the second trimester of pregnancy and randomly assigned to a massage therapy group, a progressive muscle relaxation group or a control group that received standard prenatal care alone. These groups were compared to each other and to a non-depressed group at the end ...
Domingo José L - - 2004
Studies in rodents have shown that, during pregnancy, maternal stress from restraint, noise, light, and heat among other factors may be associated with adverse effects on embryo/fetal and postnatal development. Moreover, it is also well known that exposure to certain metal levels during gestation can also cause maternal and developmental ...
Kersting A - - 2004
Termination of pregnancy for fetal malformation is a traumatic event which any woman finds hard to withstand and which entails the risk of severe and complicated grieving. This paper presents three cases illustrating the trauma and coping mechanisms. Grieving continued for over 6 months in all cases and included pathological ...
Andersson Liselott - - 2004
The aim of this study was to determine neonatal outcomes among women who had depressive and anxiety disorders during the second trimester of pregnancy in a population-based sample. Participants were 1,465 women and their neonates born at two obstetric clinics in Sweden. The inclusion period for the women was October ...
Bailey Lisa M - - 2004
Whether left-handedness is due to genetic factors or to pregnancy and birth stress events is an important question for models that attempt to explain the origins and distribution of human handedness. Major genetic theories of handedness, such as those of Annett (1985) and McManus (1981), allow for a nondetermination of ...
Steiner John - - 2004
In this paper the author reviews Freud's study of Schreber's Memoirs and the Memoirs themselves from a perspective of nearly 100 years. He argues that Schreber's illness began as a melancholic depression but quickly developed paranoid features which subsequently escalated into a gross paranoia which nevertheless retained its depressive and ...
Patkar Ashwin A - - 2004
About 20% of pregnant women experience clinical depression. Inadequate treatment of depression has been associated with adverse outcomes in the mother as well as the newborn. Clinicians are often uncertain about pharmacological interventions to treat depressed pregnant women due to concerns regarding fetal exposure to medications. Moreover newer antidepressants with ...
McClure William O - - 2004
Pregnant rats subjected to very mild stress give birth to pups who, when examined as adults, exhibited behavioral and anatomical anomalies that resemble some aspects of schizophrenia. The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) is reduced in volume by 20.7 +/- 3.4% (p = 0.003) in pups born to mothers who were stressed ...
Ozawa Manabu - - 2004
Mammalian preimplantation embryos are vulnerable to heat stress. However, the mechanisms by which maternal heat stress compromises embryonic development are unclear. We hypothesized that the loss of developmental competence in maternally heat-stressed embryos results from enhanced oxidative stress in the oviducts. In experiment 1, oviducts and zygotes were collected from ...
Eberhard-Gran M - - 2004
The aim of this study was to examine the risk of depression in the postpartum period (first four months after delivery) as compared to the remaining postnatal year and the pregnancy period. All postpartum women from two municipalities in Norway were included in a questionnaire study of mental health (n ...
Geller Pamela A - - 2004
Pregnancy and childbirth typically are associated with positive emotions and with motherhood, but the reality is that this is not the case for all women or for all pregnancies. This review addresses a different aspect of these reproductive events, focusing on stressful circumstances surrounding pregnancy, as well as times when ...
Halbreich Uriel - - 2004
A review of the literature demonstrates that the incidence of new mental disorders and their prevalence during pregnancy is similar to the 12-month incidence of mental disorders in women during other periods of their lives. The prevalence of severe mood, behavior, and cognitive symptoms during pregnancy is rather high. Severe ...
Niederhofer Helmut - - 2004
Niederhofer showed in 1994 that maternal stress during pregnancy seemed to be associated with temperament in early childhood. This study examined the correlation between maternal stress during pregnancy in 227 women, ultrasound observation of intrauterine fetal movements, the child's temperament in early childhood, and the child's school marks at the ...
Cohen Lee S - - 2004
Pregnancy has frequently been described as a time of affective well-being. However, a growing literature suggests that women are neither "protected" against new-onset or recurrence of depression during this time. Diagnosis and effective treatment of depression during pregnancy requires a careful weighing of risk of treatment which may include psychotropic ...
Bernazzani O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that stressors may trigger the onset of a depressive episode in vulnerable women. A new UK interview measure, the Contextual Assessment of the Maternity Experience (CAME), was designed to assess major risk factors for emotional disturbances, especially depression, during pregnancy and post-partum. AIMS: With in the ...
Reed H - - 2004
Antenatal bladder neck mobility is known to be associated with postpartum stress incontinence. Whether this represents a normal feature of pregnancy or a pathological process is unclear. Forty-eight nulliparous volunteers had perineal ultrasound scans to assess bladder neck mobility. Using previously defined cutoffs (for incontinence), 50% had increased linear movement ...
Brinkley, Renee Lynn
The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of maternal perceived stress in high-risk pregnancy on participation in health promoting self-care. Orem’s self-care deficit theory of nursing was the theoretical framework. A secondary analysis from a convenience sample of 69 women experiencing a high-risk pregnancy was conducted. The ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >