Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 688
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Somjee Saika - - 2004
Hb Iowa is a rare hemoglobin (Hb) variant with a Gly --> Ala substitution at position 119 of beta-globin. It was previously reported only in an African American infant who was also heterozygous for Hb S [beta6(A3)Glu --> Val] and her mother (Hb A/Iowa). Here we describe the second report ...
Tamiolakis Demetrio - - 2004
AIM: To detect whether preeclampsia influences neonatal intrahepatic hematopoiesis, given that an activation of fetal neutrophils and monocytes during the course of this disorder occurs. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We examined liver samples from 10 neonates of hypertensive/preeclamptic women at 27 to 28 weeks of gestation delivered by a cessarian section. All ...
Lahra Monica M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine, in a large preterm cohort (20-34 completed weeks of gestation), the incidence of histologic chorioamnionitis and the incidence of a histologic fetal response to chorioamnionitis (umbilical vasculitis with or without funisitis) in neonatal survivors (to 28 days) and perinatal deaths. STUDY ...
Seidel Bastian Manfred - - 2004
Oral mucosal immunoglobulins play an important role in the human immune system as a first-line defense against viral and bacterial infection. Secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA), IgD and the free secretory component (FSC) can be determined in the first days of life; however, it is yet unknown which events influence the ...
Zhang Ya-Li - - 2004
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the potential effect of environmental exposure to cadmium on pregnancy outcome and fetal growth. Normal pregnant women were selected from Da-ye city of Hubei province, a cadmium-polluted area, from November 2002 through January 2003. Whole blood of pregnant women, cord blood, ...
Anstrom John A - - 2004
The germinal matrix contains a concentrated network of blood vessels. The unusual structural qualities of these vessels are implicated as a factor underlying the high incidence of hemorrhage that occurs in the germinal matrix of prematurely born neonates. The present study is a histologic analysis of an postmortem examination series ...
Deter Russell L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Separation of Macrosomic, normal and intrauterine growth retarded (IUGR) neonates using the modified Neonatal Growth Assessment Score (NGAS). METHODS: A sample of 23 neonates with evidence of growth acceleration and 74 neonates classified as normal or IUGR in a previous study was used in this investigation. The prenatal growth ...
Téllez-Zenteno José F - - 2004
The myasthenia gravis is twice as common in women as in men and frequently affects young women in the second and third decades of life, overlapping with the childbearing years. Generally, during pregnancy in one third of patients the disease exacerbates, whereas in two thirds it remains clinically unchanged. Complete ...
Abdala Carolina - - 2003
Past work has shown that distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) (2f1-f2) ipsilateral suppression and input/output (I/O) characteristics are not adult-like in prematurely born neonates [Abdala, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 110, 1465-1476 (2001)]. These age differences are most pronounced at f2 = 6000 Hz and have been interpreted to indicate a ...
Iranpour R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is an inherited deficiency that may be the cause of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, as has been found in several countries and among widely different ethnic groups, especially in Mediterranean region. Our aim was to study the prevalence of G6PD deficiency in relation to neonatal jaundice. METHODS: ...
Burrin Douglas - - 2003
This paper reviews the evidence from recent studies in young piglets to examine the hypothesis that glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) is a physiologically relevant hormonal signal linked to the intestinal adaptation associated with enteral nutrition in neonates. Observations that support the hypothesis include, 1) the GLP-2 secretory response to enteral ...
Tucker J - - 2003
Evidence for staffing recommendations in labour wards is scant. This study aimed to test association between midwife workload with adjusted process of continuous electronic fetal monitoring (CEFM) and neonatal outcome indicators. This was a prospective workload study in 23 consultant-led labour wards in Scotland. There were 3489 livebirths during September ...
Leung Daniel T - - 2003
Neonatal herpes is a potentially devastating consequence of perinatal transmission of the herpes simplex virus (HSV), with significant morbidity and mortality. Treatment options are available, but must begin early in disease with manifestations that are often protean. Thus, preventive measures need to be optimised. Antiviral suppression in late pregnancy of ...
Scher Mark S - - 2003
The pediatric neurologist can fulfill a useful role as a subspecialty consultant concerning the fetus with a suspected brain disorder, given that neurologic disease may occur before the intrapartum period. Brain disorders detected in the neonatal period may also reflect fetal brain damage before dysfunction is first documented. Medical conditions ...
Shimp Kristin L - - 2003
Ecological explanations have been put forward to account for the precocious or delayed development of patency in ducts leading to the vomeronasal organ (VNO) in certain mammals. Perinatal function may be related, in part, to the patency or fusion of the vomeronasal and nasopalatine (NPD) ducts. However, few studies have ...
Tan W C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to audit 'crash' emergency caesarean sections (CS) with respect to response time (the diagnosis to delivery interval [DDI]) and perinatal outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The computerised database at the Singapore General Hospital (SGH) delivery suite was used to identify all cases of 'crash' emergency CS activated ...
Knisely A S - - 2003
Neonatal hemochromatosis is a rare gestational condition in which iron accumulates in the fetal tissues in a distribution like that seen in hereditary hemochromatosis. Extensive liver damage is the dominant clinical feature, with late fetal loss or early neonatal death. NH recurs within sibships at a rate higher than that ...
Groves A M - - 2003
Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) is more common than previously appreciated. Clinical presentation is varied, but it is generally a severe disorder and it is said to be more severe in subsequent pregnancies. The authors present a case of fatal disseminated intravascular coagulation that was diagnosed as NAIT only after presentation ...
Gupta A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate plantar response in the early neonatal period in normal, term, healthy newborn infants. This was a prospective study set in the postnatal ward of a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: The plantar response was elicited in 256 healthy, term, appropriate-for-gestational-age neonates during their first 7 days of life, ...
Gorenberg David M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the threshold of fetal arterial oxyhemoglobin saturation that predicts neonatal acidosis and adverse outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal oxygen saturation data from a published randomized controlled trial of fetal pulse oximetry were evaluated in relation to the number and duration of low ...
Laforgia N - - 2003
AIM: To evaluate the effect of gender, gestational age, birthweight, mode of delivery, 5'-Apgar score and maternal conditions on calprotectin concentrations in meconium. METHODS: Calprotectin was measured in 131 neonates, in the first passed meconium. RESULTS: Calprotectin levels (mean +/- SD) resulted in 145.2 +/- 78.5 mg kg(-1) meconium, significantly ...
Bukowski Radek - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the frequency of growth impairment in neonates with encephalopathy. STUDY DESIGN: In a case-control design, neonates with neonatal encephalopathy (NE) meeting criteria for an acute intrapartum hypoxic event (IHE, n = 21) and those who did not meet these criteria (n = 20) ...
Japaraj R P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Gastroschisis is associated with significant neonatal morbidity, and occasionally mortality. Previous studies looking at ways to prognosticate this condition by antenatal ultrasound have shown conflicting results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of prenatal sonographic parameters to predict neonatal outcome of gastroschisis. METHODS: The charts, ...
Pietrement Christine C Department of Pediatrics, American Memorial Hospital, Reims, - - 2003
Fetal and neonatal toxic effects of angiotensin II receptor antagonists have been described in animals and humans. Five cases of fetal or neonatal deaths have been reported following maternal use of sartans for hypertension. We report a case of neonatal transient renal failure following telmisartan therapy during pregnancy. This class ...
Prasad N - - 2003
Neonatal anuria is not an uncommon problem in neonates. Here, we report an unusual case of neonatal anuria due to renal tubular dysgenesis, secondary to the use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) during pregnancy. ACEI remains one of the most commonly used antihypertensive drug at present. A greater awareness ...
Scher Mark S - - 2003
The more conventional role of the pediatric neurologist involves the evaluation of the child after birth. Although the pediatric neurologist rarely attends the delivery of the neonate, consultation by the neurologist should begin immediately following stabilization by the neonatal resuscitation team. Four interrelated aspects of the neurologist's clinical assessment will ...
Moor, R.A de
Withdrawal symptoms occurred in a male neonate after maternal use of venlafaxine for depression during pregnancy. The symptoms were restlessness, hypertonia, jitteriness, irritability and poor feeding. The diagnosis was confirmed by a temporary improvement after administration of a low dose (t mg) of venlafaxine to the boy. Eventually the symptoms ...
Shannon Michael - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Lead freely crosses the placenta. Consequently, gestational lead poisoning is not only harmful to the woman but also to the developing fetus, invariably producing congenital lead poisoning. The scope and consequences of severe lead poisoning in pregnancy (blood lead level > or =45 microg/dL) have not been well characterized. ...
Tan K L - - 2003
AIM: To evaluate the reliability of transcutaneous bilirubinometry (TcB) during and after phototherapy. METHODS: TcB was performed on the forehead and chest of infants with neonatal jaundice when capillary blood was sampled for bilirubin determination in a control group of 240 neonates. In a second group of 70 neonates exposed ...
Schindler Shird Dieter - - 2003
AIMS: To assess the effects of maternal buprenorphine treatment at conception and during pregnancy on neonates in terms of birth outcomes and neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective, open-label, out-patient maintenance, case report study, conducted at the drug addiction out-patient clinic at the University Hospital Vienna. PARTICIPANTS: Two ...
Kotini A - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of any non-linearity in the magneto-encephalographic recordings (MEG) in neonates born to pre-eclamptic mothers in comparison with the ones born to mothers having uncomplicated pregnancies, in order to find out differences in the mechanisms underlying their brain waves. Our study ...
Faber B M - - 2003
The early institution of enteral feeding in the first few days of life is known to impact on the development of unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. However, the effect of early intravenous nutrition on neonatal jaundice remains unknown. To determine the effect of early intravenous nutrition on neonatal jaundice. The standard search strategy ...
Scher Mark S - - 2002
Historical data, clinical examination findings, and laboratory information must be integrated along a variable timeline that includes antepartum, intrapartum, and postnatal time periods when cerebral infarction can occur, in the context of the neonates genetic endowment. Genetic susceptibility or prenatal acquired vulnerabilities regarding stroke syndromes may set in motion a ...
Dashe Jodi S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal methadone dosage affects duration and degree of neonatal narcotic withdrawal. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of pregnant women with opioid addiction who delivered live-born singletons between April 1990 and April 2001. Inpatient detoxification or outpatient methadone maintenance therapy was offered. Women who had ...
McElrath Thomas F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The presence of a cervical cerclage at the time of preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM) could promote clinically evident infection and adverse pregnancy outcome. This cohort study examines whether the presence of cerclage at the time of pPROM is associated with increased maternal or neonatal inflammatory morbidity. STUDY ...
Sinha Sunil K - - 2002
While there is a relative consensus as to whether mechanical ventilation should be initiated, the management of babies during recovery from respiratory failure remains largely subjective and is predominantly determined by institutional or individual practices or preferences. This can lead to babies either being left on the ventilator too long, ...
Djelmis Josip - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review our experience with pregnancies in women with myasthenia gravis (MG). STUDY DESIGN: Sixty nine pregnancies among 65 women with MG patients managed by our department over 28 years were included. The course of the disease in pregnancy, mode of delivery and postpartal period were evaluated. RESULTS: One ...
Goldstein Rachel R Pruyn - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine differences in neonatal outcomes between successful pregnancies conceived immediately after a spontaneous abortion (SAB) and successful pregnancies conceived after two menstrual cycles or at least 100 days from the spontaneous abortion. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a retrospective case series. Deliveries were identified ...
Ip Patrick - - 2003
Neonatal convulsion is a very alarming manifestation of underlying sinister problem. As an important cause, neonatal hypocalcemia usually occurs soon after birth and reflects abnormal maternal calcium regulation. We report an unusual case of late neonatal hypocalcemia presented with intractable seizures after two-month-old. Further investigations revealed maternal hyperparathyroidism secondary to ...
Popova Natalia V - - 2002
This study was designed to investigate the influence of neonatal selenium (an anticarcinogenic agent) exposure on spontaneous liver tumor formation in adult mice. Pregnant CBA mice were administered selenium during the last week of pregnancy and for ten days following parturition. Selenium significantly reduced the incidence of spontaneous hepatomas in ...
Wolfram-Gabel R - - 2002
The aim of this study was to specify the microvascularization of the junctional region between the integuments of the superficial surface of the free margin of the eyelid and the palpebral conjunctival mucosa. The study was carried out using histological or transparified slices of upper and lower eyelids taken from ...
Coureaud Gérard - - 2002
This study investigates the role of prenatal odor learning on postnatal adaptive orientation responses in the newborn rabbit. Preference tests revealed that pups are equally attracted to the odors of placentae and colostrum (Experiments 1-4), suggesting that an odor continuity may exist between the fetal and neonatal environments. To test ...
Meisheri I V - - 2002
The diagnosis of a non-surgical cause of delayed passage of meconium in a neonate may be challenging to the pediatric surgeon. The usefulness of determining trypsin activity (TA) in stool and duodenal aspirate for the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF) and the existence of an entity called transient deficiency of ...
Clayton Peter T - - 2002
In neonates, inborn errors of metabolism can produce all the major signs of liver dysfunction - jaundice, coagulopathy, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, ascites and encephalopathy. The significance of encephalopathy in the neonate is different from that in older patients; it is usually due to a specific abnormality such as hypoglycaemia rather than ...
Walther Thomas - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), a component of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), catalyses the degradation of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. It was the aim of the present study to measure ACE activity in human fetal blood and to determine its changes with advancing gestational age. METHODS: Fetal blood was ...
van Der Zwet Wil C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) can cause severe disease in premature neonates. The fetus receives protective maternal VZV-immunoglobulin G (IgG) mainly in the third trimester of pregnancy. Therefore, premature neonates are considered at risk for VZV infection. Administration of varicella-zoster immunoglobulin (VZIG) within 96 hours after exposure effectively prevents severe illness ...
Dame C - - 2002
This review focuses on the biology of thrombopoietin (Tpo) during human development. It summarizes the current understanding on molecular biological aspects of Tpo, cellular effects of Tpo on fetal and neonatal megakaryopoiesis, regulation of Tpo production, and circulating Tpo concentrations in human fetuses and neonates. Some important aspects on the ...
Groenendaal F F Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2002
In this study it is hypothesized that magnesium sulphate in asphyxiated full-term neonates could lead to a gradual improvement in background pattern of the amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG), an early marker of hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury. In a double-blind, randomized, controlled pilot study of 22 asphyxiated full-term neonates 8 received magnesium ...
Petersen Y M - - 2001
Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is a potent intestinotropic factor in neonatal and adult animals. However, the GLP-2 responsiveness of the fetal intestine has not been established. To determine how stage of development affects the responsiveness to GLP-2, we examined GLP-2 receptor (GLP-2R) expression, gut morphology, and brush-border enzyme mRNA and activities ...
Rao S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) and neonatal morbidity in near-term and term deliveries with histologic acute chorioamnionitis and/or funisitis compared to those with normal placental histology. STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective case-control design, we compared the incidence of MSAF and neonatal outcome in 45 cases ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >