Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 689
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Anbu Anbarasu Theodore - - 2006
A term baby was admitted to our neonatal unit with jitteriness, hypertonia, sneezing and fever. Her mother was on 20 mg of fluoxetine throughout her pregnancy. These symptoms which were possibly due to fluoxetine withdrawal lasted only for a short while. We attempt to look at the reported prevalence of ...
Boehlen F - - 2006
Thrombocytopenia is observed in 6 to 15% of pregnant women at the end of pregnancy, and is usually moderate. Gestational thrombocytopenia (defined as a mild thrombocytopenia, occurring during the 3 rd trimester with spontaneous resolution postpartum and no neonatal thrombocytopenia) is the most common cause of thrombocytopenia during pregnancy but ...
Bruner Joseph P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of ventriculoamniotic shunt placement through a hysterotomy in the second trimester of pregnancy as treatment for isolated obstructive hydrocephalus. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2003, four pregnancies with isolated fetal obstructive hydrocephalus in the second trimester were treated at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Preoperatively, ...
Hadi Ibrahim - - 2006
The purpose of this research was to determine the neonatal outcomes of women who had been taking medically prescribed opioids throughout their pregnancy. A retrospective case study was done of 15 pregnancies associated with maternal opiate use between January 1, 1999, and September 30, 2002. Two cases were excluded due ...
Morioka Takato - - 2006
Subependymal germinal matrix with intraventricular hemorrhage (GMIVH) is a common complication associated with delivery in preterm neonates but has rarely been observed in the fetus. Clinical and neuroradiological findings of 5 patients who were diagnosed as having fetal GMIVH with prenatal ultrasonographic examinations (US) and MRI, and postnatal MRI were ...
De Santis Marco - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sibutramine is a drug that is used in the treatment of obesity. There are currently no epidemiological studies relating to sibutramine exposure in pregnancy. The objective of our study was to determine whether sibutramine exposure during pregnancy constitutes a risk factor to the mother and developing fetus. METHODS: Fifty-two ...
Gramellini Dandolo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the most effective fetal renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter thresholds and the best gestational age in predicting significant neonatal nephrouropathy and neonatal nephrouropathy requiring surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-three newborns with prenatal ultrasound evidence of unilateral or bilateral fetal renal pelvis dilatation (anteroposterior ...
Jan Sheng-Ling - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Congenital ductus arteriosus aneurysm (DAA) was considered rare but potentially fatal abnormality, often followed by surgical intervention after careful evaluation. This prospective study used real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) to assist in evaluation of neonatal DAA. METHODS: A total of 1390 full-term neonates were enrolled in this study between 2002 ...
Kim S K - - 2005
Prenatal ultrasonography early in gestation allows diagnosis of posterior urethral valves. We report on a fetus with posterior urethral valves treated using vesicoamniotic shunting at 13 + 5 weeks' gestation. A double-basket catheter was used for shunting. A 2582-g male neonate was delivered at 33 weeks' gestation, and the infant ...
Field Tiffany - - 2006
A recent survey was conducted on stimulation of mothers and babies during pregnancy and the neonatal period. The survey was responded to by 82 neonatology staff members from Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) at hospitals in the United States. Some forms of stimulation were extremely common including (1) skin-to-skin following ...
Fajemirokun-Odudeyi O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Opiate use in pregnancy is on the increase. There are a number of complications associated with this problem but current data from UK centres are sparse. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: A North of England Hospital. METHODS: Maternal and neonatal case records were studied and a standard data set ...
Mu Dezhi - - 2005
Treatment with deferoxamine (DFO) is protective against focal ischemia with global hypoxia when given as a preconditioning stimulus in neonatal rodents. DFO acts as an iron chelator and may stabilize HIF1alpha. Therefore, we hypothesized that DFO would protect against pure ischemia-reperfusion injury when given after the insult and that the ...
Koyama Satoru - - 2005
Hypoxia in adults frequently causes damage to the brain, but not the inner ear. However, hypoxia in neonates with inadequate blood-inner ear barrier function causes damage to the inner ear, leading to hearing loss and equilibration disorder. Clinically, asphyxiated neonates sometimes have the complication of sensorineural hearing impairment at high ...
Althaus Janyne - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine placental histopathology in intravenous immunoglobulin-treated and untreated neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia and correlate pathological findings with clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Placentas from 14 neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia-affected pregnancies were identified. Maternal antepartum treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin and pregnancy outcomes were abstracted from medical ...
Holstein Andreas - - 2005
Severe hyperbilirubinemia in a pregnant mother suffering from Crigler-Najjar syndrome type II is a threat to the unborn child and may result in brain injury. We report the case of a Gly71-->Arg/Tyr486-->Asp homozygous mother of East Asian descent, who was treated with phototherapy during embryogenesis and with phenobarbital during the ...
Abdel-Fattah Sherif A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the neonatal outcome in red blood cell alloimmunised pregnancies at increased risk of fetal anaemia where invasive testing was avoided based on reassuring middle cerebral artery (MCA) Doppler velocity results. METHODS: We included 28 alloimmunised pregnant women at significant risk of fetal or neonatal anaemia who did ...
Sevillano Julio - - 2005
The level of maternal circulating triacylglycerols during late pregnancy has been correlated with the mass of newborns. PPARgamma (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor gamma) ligands, such as TZDs (thiazolidinediones), have been shown to reduce triacylglycerolaemia and have also been implicated in the inhibition of tissue growth and the promotion of cell differentiation. Therefore ...
Mathur N B - - 2005
The objective of this study is to correlate the severity of hypothermia in sick extramural neonates with fatality and physiological derangements. This is a prospective observational study carried out at the referral neonatal unit of a teaching hospital admitting extramural neonates. The subjects comprised of 100 extramural hypothermic neonates transported ...
Jalloh Salamatu - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The role of hemolysis in the pathophysiology of neonatal jaundice (NNJ) in patients with glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency has been questioned recently. The aim of the present study was to determine the contribution of hemolysis to the pathophysiology of jaundice in Malay neonates with G6PD deficiency and NNJ. ...
Serreau Raphael - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonists (ARA). Interacted with the renin-angiotensin system, and the present study was undertaken to examine their fetal and neonatal toxicity when taken by the mother during pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective follow up of pregnant women exposed to an ARA during early pregnancy. SETTING: The present ...
Moses-Kolko Eydie L EL Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pa 15213, USA. - - 2005
A neonatal behavioral syndrome linked to in utero serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) exposure during the last trimester of pregnancy has been identified. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and drug manufacturers have recently agreed to a class labeling change for SRIs, which include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and ...
Kolditz Denise P DP Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Centre LUMC, 9600, 2300 RC, Leiden, The - - 2005
A premature neonate with hydrops was born at 32 weeks of gestation after successful direct fetal amiodarone therapy via cordocentesis for incessant supraventricular tachycardia. After birth the tachycardia could not be controlled despite high doses of amiodarone and flecainide and the patient developed severe respiratory and circulatory failure. After 3 ...
Javaid M K - - 2005
Evidence is accumulating that the risk of osteoporosis in later life may be determined in part by environmental influences on bone development during intrauterine and early postnatal life. A potential role for fetal leptin in mediating these effects is suggested by animal studies showing that leptin influences prenatal osteoblast growth ...
Nanjundaswamy Shakuntala - - 2005
The accuracy of transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measurements obtained with a Bilicheck device in 70 preterm neonates before phototherapy and during phototherapy from the exposed and unexposed skin of the forehead (under the eye patch) was evaluated by comparing the TcB with the total serum bilirubin (TSB) that was performed within ...
Fung Y L - - 2005
Pregnant women with autoimmune neutropenia (AIN) and circulating neutrophil-specific autoantibodies can deliver neutropenic neonates at risk of sepsis. We report the case of a woman who had two such pregnancies. The woman had been on prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) treatment, but this was ceased prior to conception in both ...
Hurt Richard D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the concentration of nicotine and cotinine in maternal blood and neonatal cord blood among pregnant Alaska Native women and to assess the neonates for neurobehavioral effects. METHODS: In a nonrandomized, clinical observational pilot trial, 60 pregnant Alaska Native women were enrolled for assessment of Iqmik (a mixture ...
Fuh E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Using guinea pigs, we previously demonstrated that pneumoperitoneum during pregnancy produces behavioral deficits in the offspring. In the current study, the purpose was to determine if CO(2) pneumoperitoneum during the early postnatal period also produced behavioral anomalies. METHODS: Following delivery, guinea pig pups were randomly assigned to one of ...
Mastrobattista Joan M - - 2005
Our objective was to ascertain if nuchal cord is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes. Using a retrospective database of term neonates, outcomes were compared among infants with 0, 1, and 2 or more loops of cord encircling the neck. Of 4426 neonates, 3651 served as controls, 691 had one loop, ...
Wagner Carol L - - 2005
In this review of a clinical case and the subsequent autopsy findings, the importance of autopsy in determining the cause of death is highlighted. The importance of an autopsy in the neonatal age group is especially important since the yield of unexpected findings is considerably greater than in other groups, ...
Toti Paolo - - 2004
Neonatal sepsis and chorioamnionitis induce morphologic modifications and shrinkage of the thymus. We show fetal and neonatal morphologic modifications of the spleen in the same autopsy subjects as previously used to describe thymus shrinkage, including 10 preterm or full-term neonates who died of proven sepsis within 48 hours after birth ...
De Santis Marco - - 2004
PURPOSE: To assess pregnancy and neonatal outcomes in a woman accidentally exposed to Verteporfin photodynamic therapy in the third week of pregnancy. METHODS: Post-conception counselling and prospective follow-up by telephone interview at Telefono Rosso (Teratology Information Service) were carried out. The baby was examined at birth and at 26 months. ...
Mathai Elizabeth - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To document effects of intrapartum risk factors for early onset sepsis (EOS) on CRP levels in neonates and to assess the suitability of this test in diagnosing EOS. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Labour and post natal wards in a tertiary level teaching hospital in India. SUBJECTS: 250 neonates at ...
Plane Jennifer M - - 2004
Neurogenesis persists throughout life in the rodent subventricular zone (SVZ)-olfactory bulb pathway and increases in the adult after brain insults. The influence of neonatal injury on SVZ neural precursors is unknown. We examined the effects of hypoxia-ischemia (HI) on neonatal mouse SVZ cell proliferation and neurogenesis. Postnatal day 10 (P10) ...
Braig Suzanne - - 2004
The prevalence and incidence of genital herpes are increasing worldwide. Conversely, the incidence of neonatal herpes shows global discrepancies: very higher numbers of cases are reported in parts of the USA, whereas rates remain low across much of Europe. As illustrated by the French experiences reported here, regionally appropriate management ...
Moran Lisa R - - 2004
Maternal use of the antispasmodic baclofen during pregnancy is an uncommon clinical scenario and leads to uncertainty regarding neonatal risks. We present a team-based, peripartum management plan designed for safe monitoring and minimizing the risk of neonatal withdrawal after unusual drug exposure. Incorporating the expertise of neonatology, nursing, pharmacy, neurology, ...
Freedman Ellie - - 2004
Neonatal herpes is rare in Australia, possibly because of the older average age at pregnancy compared with other developed countries, low herpes simplex virus (HSV)-2 seroprevalence in the general community, low risk of HSV-2 acquisition during pregnancy and relatively high HSV-1 seroprevalence in adults. Guidelines on herpes management in pregnancy ...
Rao S C - - 2004
The case of a neonate with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) following intrauterine transfusions (IUTs) for Rhesus hemolytic disease (RHD) prompted us to undertake a retrospective study (1995-2002) to determine whether there is an association between IUT and NEC. Maternal and neonatal demographics, and details concerning IUT and definite (> or =Stage ...
McPherson Maria - - 2004
A 3.26-kg neonate with a gestational age of 40 weeks presented with episodic hypothermia and seizures, but stable vital signs. Semilobar holoprosencephaly was seen on magnetic resonance imaging. Ocular examination revealed bilateral persistent fetal vasculature. As genetic testing was not contributory, toxic intrauterine environmental insulin causing neurologic maldevelopment was the ...
Faiz Shakeel A - - 2004
Herpes gestationis, also known as Pemphigoid gestationis, is a rare autoimmune disease of pregnancy. It is characterized by itching and skin lesions. The disease causes prominently maternal discomfort but fetal and neonatal complications have been reported. There are only scattered reports of cutaneous neonatal herpes gestationis in the literature; however, ...
Kure Shigeo - - 2004
In neonatal-onset nonketotic hyperglycinemia, severe psychomotor retardation is the expected uniform outcome. We report two patients with typical neonatal presentation who showed far better developmental outcomes. The in vitro expression analysis of the identified GLDC mutations revealed considerable residual enzyme activity, suggesting prognostic and enzymatic heterogeneity even in neonatal-onset nonketotic ...
Sheffield Jeanne S - - 2004
Tetanus remains a leading cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. It is caused by the release of two toxins produced by Clostridium tetani, a noninvasive gram-positive anaerobic bacillus. Tetanospasmin is taken up by the neuronal end plates and prevents neurotransmitter release at the synaptic junction. ...
Passeron Thierry - - 2004
A 770 g birthweight, 25-weeks gestation infant girl was born from a bigeminal pregnancy. Six days later she developed erythematous "diaper dermatitis" and maceration of the flexural areas. Despite topical antifungal therapy, erythematous plaques appeared 2 days later on the back. Within less than 24 hours, skin erosions with crusting ...
Vigil-De Gracia P - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the perinatal outcome associated with severe chronic hypertension (SCH) in pregnancies of > or =20 weeks' gestation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data obtained prospectively of patients with SCH (> or =160/110 mmHg) who were hospitalized and delivered during a 5-year period. Each patient received intensive monitoring ...
Cardonick Elyce E Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Cooper Health System, Camden, NJ 08103-1489, USA. - - 2004
When cancer is diagnosed in a pregnant woman, life-saving chemotherapy for the mother poses life-threatening concerns for the developing fetus. Depending on the type of cancer and the stage at diagnosis, chemotherapy cannot necessarily be delayed until after delivery. Women diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia who decline both termination and ...
Toiviainen-Salo Sanna - - 2004
This review article aims at summarizing the data regarding fetal and neonatal hydronephrosis, at correlating controversial data with the differences in the practice of obstetrical sonography from one country to another, and finally, at presenting our own criteria for fetal renal collecting system dilatation along with our own guidelines of ...
Kiran V - - 2004
Neonatal Tetanus (NNT) elimination has been defined as an annual incidence of <1 case of NNT per 1,000 live births in each district of a province, state, or country. Reported incidence of NNT does not always reflect the true dimension of the problem. Thus, NNT mortality survey was planned during ...
Mullane D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The transport of critically ill newborns by specialised transport teams has been shown to be associated with a significant improvement in their clinical condition on arrival at the receiving hospital. AIM: To determine if the National Neonatal Transport Programme introduced in 2001 improved clinical condition of newborns at the ...
Kam P C A - - 2004
Thrombocytopenia in pregnant women can be associated with substantial maternal and neonatal morbidity. It may result from a range of conditions and early implementation of some specific treatment may improve both maternal and neonatal outcome. In this review we discuss the clinical features of the more common causes of thrombocytopenia ...
Gimovsky Martin L - - 2004
At 38 weeks of gestation, a woman with a previously unremarkable pregnancy was noted to have fetal tachycardia without obvious cause. Fetal echocardiography resulted in a presumptive diagnosis of fetal atrial flutter with a 2:1 block. The newborn resumed the same rhythm. The neonate underwent transesophageal incremental overdrive pacing. A ...
McGlone L - - 2004
Genital prolapse is a rare condition in neonates. It is most commonly associated with neural tube defects such as spina bifida. A preterm, growth restricted neonate with genital prolapse without an associated central nervous system anomaly is reported. The risk factors, management and outcome of neonatal genital prolapse are reviewed. ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >