Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 689
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
English J D - - 1996
Low birthweight does not always imply intrauterine growth retardation and other methods, including the ponderal index (PI), have been employed in its identification. Previous research has demonstrated that a low PI is associated with adverse neonatal outcome. The purpose of this study was to establish normal neonatal biometry for an ...
Ruach M - - 1995
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV), an autoimmune bullous dermatosis, is rarely encountered in pregnancy. Two women with PV and their three pregnancies are described. Pregnancy outcome was generally good, although one of the neonates had characteristic PV skin lesions that resolved spontaneously. The pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and special issues of PV pertaining ...
Burrows R F - - 1995
Maternal thrombocytopenia is common in normal pregnancies, but is a poor predictor of fetal thrombocytopenia even when the maternal thrombocytopenia is of pathologic etiology. The real risk to the fetus and the neonate is alloimmune thrombocytopenia, although identification of index cases is problematic and management of future pregnancies has not ...
Faisst K - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility and reliability in neonates of an in-house reflectance pulse oximetry (RPOX) system as an alternative method of non-invasive oxygen saturation monitoring when transmission pulse oximetry (TPOX) cannot be used, as in fetal scalp oxygen saturation monitoring during delivery. STUDY DESIGN: The study population consisted of ...
Puig N - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Fc gamma RIIIb deficiency is a rare defect in which neutrophils do not express Fc gamma RIIIb and therefore the individuals with this defect have an NA null phenotype. Soluble Fc gamma RIII in plasma is severely decreased and almost undetectable. During pregnancy, Fc gamma RIIIb deficiency may cause ...
Cheung P C - - 1995
METHODOLOGY: The clinical course of a child with neonatal haemochromatosis associated with Down syndrome is described, using case notes and post-mortem examination. RESULTS: The patient died of liver failure on day 36. Post-mortem examination showed siderosis of liver, pancreas, heart, kidney and thyroid. CONCLUSIONS: Neonatal haemochromatosis is a rare paediatric ...
Tanaka S - - 1995
The early progress of myelination was studied, by means of myelin basic protein (MBP) immunohistochemistry and luxol-fast-blue (LFB) staining, in the spinal cord, spinal nerve roots and brainstem of 66 fetuses and neonates. The degree of myelination was classified from 1 (slight) to 4 (mature). MBP immunoreactivity exhibited slight LFB ...
Petrikovsky B M - - 1995
Fetal responses in 7 cases of mid-trimester amniocentesis, complicated by inadvertent contact between the amniocentesis needle and fetal parts, were analyzed by retrospective videotape review. The incidence of inadvertent needle contact with the fetus was 0.4% (7 of 1,458). Responses included brisk withdrawal of the 'involved' small part in all ...
Hill C A - - 1995
PURPOSE: To establish the normal range of the position of the conus medullaris in neonates and determine whether it differs from that in adults. METHODS: One hundred five healthy neonates born over an 18-day period in a single obstetric unit had ultrasound examinations of their lower spines to relate the ...
Kumar P - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of lumbar puncture done routinely as part of complete workup in neonatal sepsis. METHODOLOGY: Two hundred and nine consecutive lumbar punctures performed in 169 neonates were prospectively evaluated for the diagnosis of meningitis over a 6 month period in a tertiary care referral neonatal unit. ...
Ahmed H - - 1995
Of the 587 neonates born in ABUTH, Zaria, Nigeria and successfully followed up, 99 were clinically jaundiced (16.9%). Of these, only 38 (38%) had significant hyperbilirubinaemia (serum bilirubin above 170 umol/L). During the same period, 279 neonates were admitted through Emergency Paediatric Unit (EPU) of whom 70 (25%) were jaundiced ...
Drossou V - - 1995
Mid-arm circumference, mid-arm circumference/head circumference ratio, ponderal index and skinfold thickness at five sites (biceps, triceps, quadriceps, subscapular and flank) were measured in 91 small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and 101 large-for-gestational-age (LGA) neonates to investigate their accuracy in identifying neonates at high risk of complications resulting from disturbed intrauterine growth. Thirty-one of ...
Shah A M - - 1995
A neonate was born to a mother who had consumed an organophosphorus(OPC) compound with suicidal intent. The mother was administered atropine and this caused mydriasis in the neonate without any other pharmacological effects. There was no evidence of placental dysfunction. There are no case reports of OPC consumed in pregnancy ...
Spinillo A - - 1995
We evaluated the rates of short-term neonatal complications, neonatal brain damage or mortality in a group of 96 singleton pregnancies complicated by hypertension and electively delivered before 36 weeks gestation. The neonatal outcome of these pregnancies was compared with that of a matched control group of 192 uneventful pregnancies delivered ...
Barnes P R - - 1995
We report a sibship in which the syndrome of congenital arthrogryposis occurred in two male and two female neonates, three of whom died. The mother was asymptomatic at the time of the first pregnancy and the subsequent development of muscle weakness was later confirmed to be due to myasthenia gravis. ...
Bacon R C - - 1994
A woman who suffered an intracerebral haemorrhage secondary to Moyamoya disease in her 33rd week of pregnancy was sedated for ventilation with propofol for 48 h until she underwent emergency Caesarean section. There appeared to be no adverse metabolic effects on the neonate from the use of propofol in the ...
Gustafsson E - - 1994
Mice lacking functional B cells because of a genetic deletion of the mu chain (IgM) gene were used to investigate the role of perinatal and postnatal transfer of maternal IgG in neonatal growth. Our results confirmed that immunoglobulin (Ig)-deficient mice successfully complete pregnancy and deliver healthy offspring. However, neonates nursed ...
Anteby E - - 1994
We identified 22 women with thrombocytopenia of < 100,000/microliters found incidentally during pregnancy and prospectively monitored their platelet count and clinical outcome for a minimum of 6 months postpartum. During the study period, four women became pregnant twice, accounting for a total of 26 pregnancies. The lowest platelet count during ...
O'Callaghan C - - 1994
The effect of a commonly used anaesthetic agent, halothane, on neonatal cilial function was determined. A nasal cilial sample was taken from 13 healthy, term, newborn infants. For 1 h, half of each sample was exposed to halothane and half to air. Cilial function was assessed by measuring beat frequency ...
Abrol P - - 1994
Fifty newborns, 25 full term SFDs (small for date) and 25 full term AGAs (appropriate for gestational age) were taken up for comparative study of their behavior using BNBAS (Brazelton's neonatal behavior assessment scale). The study revealed that full term SFDs performed significantly poorly on all items under cluster interactive ...
Glantz J C - - 1994
It is uncertain whether idiopathic midtrimester polyhydramnios is associated with adverse perinatal outcome. Fifty patients with midtrimester polyhydramnios without apparent etiology were compared to 85 control patients. Demographic, obstetric, and neonatal data were recorded and compared using chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Student t tests. Comparisons were also made within the ...
Magann E F - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: For clinical management and counseling purposes, we determined the neonatal salvage by weeks' gestation and birth weight of pregnancies complicated by HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets). METHODS: All patients who delivered with a diagnosis of HELLP syndrome between January 1, 1980 and December 31, 1991 ...
Krumbiegel P - - 1994
Clinical and paraclinical data of 91 neonates of the Saxon regions of Leipzig and of Torgau/Elbe were reviewed and correlated to the environmental conditions of the places of residence of their mothers during pregnancy. One of the parameters investigated was the hepatic detoxification capacity of the neonates measured by 15N ...
Gin T T Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales - - 1994
Propofol has been used for the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia during pregnancy although this is not an indication approved by Zeneca Pharmaceuticals. Compared with thiopentone, propofol reduces the cardiovascular response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. Maternal recovery from anesthesia may be marginally quicker. Neonatal outcome is satisfactory although ...
Heerschap A - - 1994
In vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of human fetal brain was performed in the third trimester of pregnancy. Spectra were obtained showing signals assigned to cerebral compounds such as N-acetylaspartate, creatine, and cholines. Relative signal intensities were similar to those observed in neonatal brain spectra recorded during the early postnatal ...
Gaucherand P - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the obstetrical and perinatal implications of the septate uterus and assess the improvements of the prognosis after treatment of the septum. INVESTIGATION: This retrospective investigation was carried out in a single centre on 78 patients with septate uterus who had previously been correctly classified. A total of ...
Dogra V S - - 1994
PURPOSE: To determine whether increased incidence of neurosonographic abnormalities (predominantly of the basal ganglia and thalamus) in cocaine-exposed neonates who are small for their gestational age is attributable to the cocaine or to neonatal size. METHODS: Neonates whose sizes were appropriate for their gestational age with no evidence of hypoxia ...
Carstens G E - - 1994
During the fetal to neonatal transition, the newborn calf encounters severe thermolysis due to an abrupt change in thermal environment that is compounded by evaporation of fetal fluids and severe weather conditions. Maintenance of homeothermy during the neonatal period necessitates an acute and sustained thermogenic response by the newborn calf. ...
Kossenko M M - - 1994
As a result of contamination of the river Techa by fission products in 1949-1956, the residents of the riverside villages were exposed to external and internal irradiation. The average gonadal dose in the study cohort of 28,100 people is estimated to be 0.16 Sv. No decrease in fertility and birth ...
Ram S P - - 1994
A single nostril associated with alobar holoprosencephaly is a rare congenital lesion. This paper reports two female term neonates with holoprosencephaly. The first neonate asphyxiated at birth had a single nostril, hypotelorism, posterior cleft palate, inferonasal coloboma of the iris and disc and persistent tunica vasculosa lentis. The other neonate ...
Cole M D - - 1994
A prospective study was performed to compare the frequency of hypoglycemia in normal neonates appropriate for gestational age delivered by cesarean section and neonates delivered by normal vaginal deliveries (n = 60). Intrapartal and prenatal risk factors were recorded. A cord glucose reading and a glucose reading within the first ...
Bailie K E - - 1994
Impaired neutrophil responses contribute to the neonate's increased susceptibility to infection. Because granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) enhance granulocyte and macrophage number and function, their use in the management of neonatal sepsis may be beneficial. Little is known about the endogenous levels of G-CSF and GM-CSF. ...
Khan N S - - 1994
All emergency departments should be adequately equipped and well prepared to handle a newborn delivery and resuscitation. It is important to remember that most neonates will respond to drying, warming, positioning, suctioning, and tactile stimulation and that overzealous and invasive resuscitation is not only unwarranted in most cases, but substantially ...
Bayliss D A - - 1994
We investigated the postnatal development of the thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)-containing raphe system in the brainstem of neonatal rats. Postnatal changes in TRH expression in nucleus (n.) raphe obscurus (ROb) and n. raphe pallidus (RPa) were evaluated by in situ hybridization using an 35S-labeled oligonucleotide probe complementary to TRH precursor mRNA. ...
Garner P - - 1994
During a study of pregnancy in a poor rural tropical area, a high prevalence of neonatal fever and umbilical cord infection was detected. Interim analysis showed that this was associated with subsequent development of neonatal sepsis. Therefore an intervention was introduced in two stages. In the first stage, acriflavine spirit ...
Jaschevatzky O E - - 1994
The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate the outcome of pregnancies associated with marked gestational thrombocytopenias (< 100,000/mm3) including postpartum resolution and neonatal influence. Over a period of 18 months, 20 cases of thrombocytopenia were observed; of them 19 were diagnosed as gestational thrombocytopenia with platelet values of ...
Hodgson C A - - 1994
The condition of 74 neonates delivered by elective caesarean section under general anaesthesia was compared with that of 63 neonates delivered under spinal anaesthesia. When the uterine incision - delivery interval was less than 3 min, neonates in the spinal group exhibited a higher Apgar score at 1 min (P ...
Wendel P J - - 1994
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether selected fetal heart-rate (FHR) patterns and the interval from diagnosis to delivery in pregnancies complicated by chorioamnionitis could predict neonatal outcome.Methods: During a 6-month period, 217 consecutive patients with acute chorioamnionitis were prospectively identified in labor. Following delivery, the fetal ...
Kelly D F - - 1993
Parturition was induced, on day 278 of pregnancy, of identical twin male Blonde d'Aquitaine calves; the parturition was assisted by gentle traction. The calves died approximately four minutes and eight hours after birth. Detailed post mortem examinations revealed soft tissue haemorrhage, fractured ribs and intrapulmonary amniotic material. The calf which ...
Schwarze D J - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to establish normal values for neonatal hip range of motion, knee range of motion, tibial torsion, and foot alignment. Normal values for examination of the lower extremity in the neonate are not well-documented in the orthopaedic literature. One-thousand healthy neonates were examined by the ...
Peres M F - - 1993
This trial was conducted to compare 2 commonly used fetal scalp electrodes with regard to ease of use, frequency and extent of neonatal injury and quality of cardiotocographic record. A randomized design was employed to study a group of 106 patients divided between a Surgicraft Copeland clip fetal scalp electrode ...
Muñoz-Hoyos A - - 1993
To assess whether the circadian rhythm of melatonin (MT) described in umbilical cord blood of term babies is due to an active pineal in the newborn, we analyzed 119 normal neonates during the first 72 h of life. Plasma MT was measured by RIA in different neonates at different hours ...
Smith J B - - 1993
L-selectin is a leukocyte adhesion molecule important in the initial stages of the interaction of neutrophils with endothelium during neutrophil emigration from the bloodstream. Neutrophils and eosinophils from newborn infants express significantly less L-selectin than do neutrophils and eosinophils from adults. It is not known whether L-selectin expression on fetal ...
Momose Y - - 1993
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), N-truncated CGRP fragments CGRP 8-37 and [Tyr0]-CGRP 28-37, and dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate (DBcAMP) were studied for their effects on the neonatal male mouse gubernaculum in organ culture. Rhythmic contractions were shown in 18% of control gubernacula, which were enhanced with CGRP, inhibited by CGRP 8-37 ...
Barrett D A - - 1993
The permeation kinetics of diamorphine through human premature neonatal cadaver skin over a range of gestational ages between 24 and 36 weeks was investigated using small diffusion cells. A strong inverse correlation was noted between the apparent permeability coefficient and the gestational age of the skin (P < 0.01; n ...
Orlicek S L - - 1993
Helicobacter cinaedi has been most frequently isolated from rectal swabs of homosexual men with proctocolitis. The microorganism is a normal intestinal inhabitant of hamsters. We report a case of septicemia and meningitis by H. cinaedi in a neonate whose mother cared for pet hamsters during the first two trimesters of ...
Lo K W - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of amnioinfusion on the incidence of meconium aspiration syndrome, perinatal asphyxia and obstetrical intervention rate amongst patients with moderate and thick meconium-stained liquor. A total of 112 patients were studied in a prospective fashion; 60 received amnioinfusion and 52 served ...
Mazzucconi M G - - 1993
Pregnancy in ATP women is not unusual. The problem of this association concerns the possibility of disease transmission to the fetus due to the crossing of maternal antiplatelet antibodies through the placenta. Maternal risk factors predictive of neonatal thrombocytopenia, can be identified as follows: severe thrombocytopenia, previous splenectomy, high titre ...
McGinnis H D - - 1993
A neonate presented for an esophageal atresia repair and developed respiratory distress in the immediate post-operative period. The initial conventional chest radiographs suggested that there was a right sided pneumothorax; however, this did not resolve, even after the placement of two chest tubes. A CT examination suggested that the findings ...
Chhabra R S - - 1993
The incidence of congenital syphilis has increased rapidly over the past few years. Most infected mothers and their newborns are asymptomatic at birth and diagnosis depends on serologic testing during pregnancy and at delivery. This study was initiated to compare maternal sera, cord blood, and neonatal sera for detecting presumptive ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >