Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1269
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Condous G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to generate and evaluate new logistic regression models from simple demographic and hormonal data to predict the outcome of pregnancies of unknown location (PULs). METHODS: Data were collected prospectively from 185 consecutive women classified as having a PUL by transvaginal scan; blood was ...
Bersinger N A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the serum levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), pregnancy-specific beta(1)-glycoprotein (SP1), placental lactogen (hPL) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) are different in pregnancies obtained after in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET) in comparison to spontaneous pregnancies. Assessment of the need to establish normal ...
Yaron Yuval - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the levels of first-trimester screening markers in triploid pregnancies and to determine the parental origin of triploidy. STUDY DESIGN: During the five-year study period, 12322 patients with singleton pregnancies underwent combined first-trimester screening using nuchal translucency (NT) and maternal serum free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (free beta-hCG) and ...
Elson J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether a decision tree based on a combination of clinical, morphological and biochemical parameters could be constructed to help in the selection of women with tubal ectopic pregnancies for expectant management. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study in a tertiary referral early pregnancy unit in an ...
Kabili Genc - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of first trimester maternal serum free beta human chorionic gonadotropin (beta hCG), pregnancy-associated plasma protein (PAPP-A) concentrations and nuchal translucency (NT) as predictors of pregnancy complications. DESIGN: A retrospective collaborative study of beta hCG, PAPP-A and NT between 10 and 14 weeks of pregnancy in ...
Nathorst-Böös Jörgen - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the value of preoperative ultrasound and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) monitoring to predict the occurrence of residual trophoblastic tissue after laparoscopic conservative surgery for tubal pregnancy. METHODS: During the period from January 1998 to December 1999 all 206 women undergoing treatment ...
Shelver Weilin L - - 2004
Zilpaterol is an beta-adrenergic agonist approved for use in cattle in South Africa and Mexico as a growth promoter. It is not currently approved for use in the EU, USA, or Asia. Here, we report the development of an ELISA for zilpaterol. Zilpaterol was reacted with ethyl 4-bromobutyrate followed by ...
Wallace Euan M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Miscarriage is the commonest complication of human pregnancy. We undertook this study to assess whether inhibin A, pro-alphaC inhibin and/or activin A, products of the corpus luteum and placenta, might be useful in either the prediction or diagnosis of miscarriage. DESIGN: Case-control study. PATIENTS: Ninety-eight asymptomatic women at 6-13 ...
Barnhart Kurt T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate serial hormone concentrations in subjects treated with vaginally administered misoprostol for early pregnancy failure. DESIGN: As part of a randomized clinical trial, serum was collected on treatment days 1, 3, 8, and 15. SETTING: Multicenter clinical trial. PATIENT(S): Women with a nonviable first-trimester pregnancy. INTERVENTION(S): Serum concentrations ...
Soma Hiroaki - - 2004
A cervical polyp complicated by severe hemorrhage was removed from a 43-year-old Japanese woman (gravida 0), who had undergone tubectomy on the right side 10 years previously. The polyp was diagnosed by immunohistochemical studies as placental site trophoblastic tumor of the cervix, but no metastatic foci were found in any ...
Mueller Michael D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the serum concentrations of novel placental markers and nonplacental markers differ in ectopic pregnancy when compared with normal intrauterine pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Patients with confirmed ectopic pregnancy (EP) and control population with normal intrauterine pregnancy (IUP). INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopy. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Leidinger B - - 2004
PURPOSE: A high serum level of beta human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) normally indicates pregnancy in healthy women. We were confused by this finding in one of our patients. This 18-year-old girl presented with amenorrhoea of 1-month duration, a positive pregnancy test and a high beta-hCG serum level although taking contraceptives. ...
Cole Laurence A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Results on sera and calibrators vary 1.4- to 2.3-fold among commercial human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) assays. The relative contributions of calibrators, standards, hCG charge isoforms, and major structural variants to this variation have not been quantified. METHODS: Purified hCG was separated by isoelectric focusing into four fractions with pI ...
Alahakoon Thushari Indika - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether paired human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) measurements in early pregnancy are more effective than a single measurement, in predicting the outcome for an in vitro fertilisation pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Westmead Fertility Centre, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, Australia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serial hCG measurements in 143 patients ...
Steier Johan Arnt - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether fetal gender differences in human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in maternal serum and the presence of hCG receptors in the wall of the uterine arteries influence the utero-placental blood flow. METHOD AND MATERIAL: Sixty-six healthy women with singleton uncomplicated pregnancies were examined at 8-10, 16-19 and 31-37 ...
Abdallah M A - - 2004
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), a heterodimeric glycoprotein hormone produced in abundance by placental syncytiotrophoblasts, is preferentially secreted into maternal circulation. Fetal circulation also contains low levels of hCG that are probably derived from fetal kidney, liver, anterior pituitary gland, etc. In addition, the fetus has access to hCG present in ...
Frendo J-L - - 2004
Total human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is high in maternal serum at 14-18 wk of trisomy 21 (T21)-affected pregnancy, despite low placental hCG synthesis. We sought an explanation for this paradox. We first observed that, in T21-affected pregnancies, maternal serum hCG levels peaked at around 10 wk and then followed the ...
De León Juan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine if free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) serum levels at the 10th-14th week of gestation were different in groups of women who had experienced pregnancy complications. STUDY DESIGN: The obstetric records of women who had uncomplicated pregnancies when they consented to donate blood for biochemical research purposes early ...
Cheng Po-Jen - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether midtrimester maternal serum free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin and alpha-fetoprotein levels for Down syndrome screening differed in vegetarian pregnancies and omnivore pregnancies and to evaluate whether maternal serum vitamin B(12) concentration affected these maker levels. STUDY DESIGN: Ninety-eight vegetarian and 122 ...
Yüce M A - - 2004
We report the successful treatment of an unruptured ectopic pregnancy in a patient with extremely high beta-human chorionic gonadotropin concentrations. A 33-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 0, abortus 1, presented to our department due to menstrual delay. On transvaginal ultrasonography, she had an unruptured ectopic pregnancy (3.5 x 4.5 cm). ...
Samuel Milroy J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To validate whether abnormally rising human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels, in the presence of the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), may serve to diagnose abnormal gestation. STUDY DESIGN: In an observational, case-control study, the rates of hCG rise after treatment with gonadotropins or assisted reproductive technologies were compared. Cases consisted ...
Christiansen M - - 2004
The efficiency of six maternal serum markers for Down's syndrome (DS), alpha fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), free beta-hCG, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), the proform of eosinophil major basic protein (ProMBP), pregnancy-specific-beta-1-glycoprotein (SP(1)), and combinations thereof, was examined. Discriminant analysis in 156 DS pregnancies and 546 controls defined three ...
Nevagi S A - - 2004
In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) in the maintenance of pregnancy in adrenalectomized rats. Holtzman's strain albino rats were adrenalectomized on day 8 of pregnancy and at the same time were laparotomized to observe the number of implantations. Adrenalectomy on day 8 caused ...
Hauzman Erik - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical value of maternal serum inhibin A measurements in early pregnancy in the prediction of outcome of IVF pregnancies and to compare the predictive accuracy of inhibin A concentrations with serum hCG concentrations. DESIGN: Retrospective study.University-based IVF program. PATIENT(S): One hundred fifty IVF pregnancies of 150 ...
Gol Mert - - 2004
Fetal gender has a significant effect on maternal and cord blood hCG levels, particularly during the last trimester of the pregnancy. However, the reason for this difference is obscure. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether term fetal hypophyseal - adrenal - gonadal axis differs between female ...
Cole Laurence A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of home pregnancy tests (HPTs) around the time of the missed menses. STUDY DESIGN: Levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) were determined in urine around the time of the missed menses, and 5th and 95th centiles were calculated. In ...
Räty R - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The present study aims at finding out whether a connection exists between altered serum free beta-hCG and/or alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels and the manifestation of specific pregnancy complications [i.e. gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) or intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP)]. METHODS: We compared free beta-hCG and AFP ...
Carmona Francisco - - 2003
To investigate the relative power of HCG, estradiol, and progesterone determinations in the prediction of pregnancy outcome after IVF. These prognostic hormonal factors were studied as single and combined predictors. Serum concentrations of beta-HCG, progesterone, and estradiol were measured 12-13 days after embryo transfer (study point 1) and 7 days ...
Al-Azemi Majedah - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the temporal relationship among inhibin A, beta-hCG, and pro-alphaC in early pregnancy and to determine whether the measurement of these hormones has any role in prediction of pregnancy outcome in patients with recurrent spontaneous miscarriage. DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study. SETTING: A tertiary referral center for recurrent miscarriage. ...
Borrelli Paola T A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy uses ultrasound with serial measurements of total human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). The objective of this study was to explore the possibility that an isolated measurement of hCG isoforms/subunits rather than total hCG could be used as a single test for ectopic pregnancy. METHODS: Total ...
Cole Laurence A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is an hCG variant with extra-large O-linked oligosaccharides, produced by phenotypically invasive cytotrophoblast cells in choriocarcinoma and pregnancy. It is the principal form of hCG produced in the first weeks of gestation. We investigated the importance of hyperglycosylated hCG in pregnancy testing and its ...
Butler Stephen A - - 2003
Since it was first claimed in 1995 that human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) inhibits HIV-associated Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), focus has been lost on establishing a credible hypothesis to explain a novel action ascribed to hCG, which is, after all, a pregnancy hormone. After 7 years, no real progress has been made, ...
Ghisoni L - - 2003
First-trimester Down syndrome screening may cause a higher false positive rate in pregnant patients who have undergone ART (assisted reproductive technologies). The aim of this paper is to contribute to this analysis with the second largest series of combined biophysical and biochemical tests in the first trimester of pregnancy after ...
Fiala Christian - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The combination of mifepristone and misoprostol is an established method for termination of pregnancy. However, there is no general agreement about how best to evaluate the treatment outcome. STUDY DESIGN: In 217 women with an unwanted pregnancy below 49 days of amenorrhoea, ultrasound examination and serum hCG test were ...
Camejo María I - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: In an effort to evaluate the prognosis of threatened abortion, we established the ratio of serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), as measured by bioassay or radioimmunoassay techniques, of samples from patients with threatened abortion or normal pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Peripheral blood samples from patients in their first trimester of ...
Shulman Adrian - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Alteration of mid-gestation serum markers in assisted-conception pregnancies is believed to be attributable to ovarian superovulation treatment modalities. We compared alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), and unconjugated estriol (uE(3)) in two groups of unstimulated assisted-conception pregnancies, that is, own-oocyte frozen embryos (own-FET) versus oocyte-donated (OD) embryos. METHODS: Forty-three ...
Vainio Merja - - 2003
Our purpose was to determine urinary 9 alpha,11 beta-prostaglandin F2, the primary metabolite of prostaglandin D2, in pregnancies at high risk for hypertensive disorders and the effect of acetylsalicylic acid on 9 alpha,11 beta-prostaglandin F2. Ninety high risk women were randomised to acetylsalicylic acid and placebo groups at 12-14 weeks ...
Birken S - - 2003
Measurements of human choriogonadotropin (hCG) isoforms containing core 2 o-glycans may be useful for diagnosis of Down Syndrome pregnancies and trophoblastic disease. As shown here, this isoform is also present in pituitary extracts, early pregnancy urine, and urine of postmenopausal women. Although, measurements of hCG isoforms may be useful in ...
Billieux Marie-Hélène - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To determine if the early or late half-lives (T0.5) of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) can identify patients with persistent trophoblastic activity after conservative surgery for tubal pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Department of obstetrics and gynecology of a university hospital. METHODS: All patients with a tubal pregnancy treated ...
Davies Suzy - - 2003
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a heterogeneous molecule that is the marker of choice for detecting pregnancy and indicating ectopic pregnancies and spontaneous abortions. This article describes the use of hCG in detecting pregnancy, and how pregnancy detection is complicated by the extreme variation in individual hCG results and by ...
De Biasio Pierangela - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of early vaginal bleeding on first-trimester markers for Down syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 2330 normal singleton fetuses who underwent first-trimester combined screening for Down syndrome based on ultrasound and maternal serum markers. Fetal nuchal translucency (NT), maternal serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein ...
Menon Dev Kumar - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To document for the first time the successful treatment using human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and human menopausal gonadotropins (hMG) of anabolic steroid-induced azoospermia that was persistent despite 1 year of cessation from steroid use. DESIGN: Clinical case report. SETTINGS: Tertiary referral center for infertility. PATIENT(S): A married couple with ...
Greenwold Natalie - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship among maternal serum endocrinology, placental karyotype, and intervillous blood flow in missed miscarriage. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of maternal serum, transvaginal ultrasound/Doppler, and placental cytogenetic and immunohistochemical investigations. SETTING: Tertiary care academic hospital. PATIENT(S): One hundred fifty-two women with missed miscarriage between 7 and 13 weeks ...
Kosel Bradley W - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Protease inhibitor (PI)-based combination antiretroviral therapy is often indicated for treatment of maternal HIV disease, but little is known about PI pharmacokinetics during pregnancy. Increased cytochrome P450 activity may affect the disposition of PI and decrease drug exposure. METHODS: Steady-state PI pharmacokinetics, measured by the area under the plasma ...
Lichtenberg E Steve - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Nonmetastatic gestational trophoblastic tumor occurring after early elective medical abortion using mifepristone and misoprostol is unusual. CASE: A young woman at 6 to 7 weeks' gestation presented with brown spotting requesting medical abortion. Pretreatment ultrasound was consistent with an abnormal pregnancy. Passage of tissue ensued after mifepristone-misoprostol administration. Recovery ...
Sharony R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether low maternal serum concentrations of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) were associated with poor pregnancy outcome. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2000, 20,880 women underwent triple test screening in our hospital. The levels of hCG were detected by fluorescent immunoassay. Low hCG levels (< or = 0.20 MoM ...
Esfandiari Navid - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Persistently false positive human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) test results in the absence of an intrauterine pregnancy may lead to a diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy or gestational trophoblastic neoplasia and unnecessary testing and therapy. CASE: A 38-year-old woman on oral contraceptives and a 53-year-old perimenopausal woman presented with persistently elevated ...
Condous G - - 2003
The vast majority of pregnancies of unknown location (PUL) will be failing pregnancies and early intrauterine or ectopic pregnancies (EPs) that are too early to visualize on transvaginal scan. Very rarely, a positive pregnancy test in the presence of a negative scan will reflect an underlying human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)-secreting ...
Levinsohn-Tavor O - - 2003
Coasting is a method to decrease the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), which involves withdrawing exogenous gonadotrophins until the serum estradiol (E(2)) level decreases. The application of this strategy, as it appears in the literature, has been variable, with heterogeneous criteria for initiating and ending the coasting process and ...
Parker Andrew - - 2003
A case of epithelioid trophoblastic tumour (ETT), occurring in a fallopian tube of a 39-year-old woman, is reported. The patient presented with a positive pregnancy test, but continued to have 'periods'. A palpable right adnexal mass was noted that was confirmed on ultrasound. The mass was removed together with the ...
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