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Results 151 - 200 of 1267
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Díaz-Orea M A - - 2007
Hormones play a significant role in murine Taenia crassiceps cysticercosis, and they may also participate in the susceptibility to Taenia solium cysticercosis. In the present study, in vitro effects are reported for human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on the larval stages of T. crassiceps (WFU strain) and T. solium. hCG effectively ...
Wright Dave - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential utility of first trimester screening for Down syndrome using Free beta-hCG, total hCG and PAPP-A. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using estimates from the literature, a simulation study was undertaken to estimate the performance of tests incorporating, Free beta-hCG, total hCG and PAPP-A at gestations of 8-12 ...
Estes Christopher M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Immediate initiation of depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) increases continuation and decreases pregnancies compared to conventional (next menstrual period) initiation. A drawback is the need to return in 4 weeks for a repeat pregnancy test to identify any pregnancy that was too early to diagnose on the day of injection. If ...
Ganapathy Ramesh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between unexplained elevated maternal serum beta-Human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) in the second trimester of pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcome. METHODS: In a case-controlled study of 3463 women who opted for second-trimester serum screening for Down syndrome, 142 were found to have a serum beta-HCG of ...
Johns J - - 2007
Many serum markers have been investigated in attempts to predict the outcome of pregnancy in the first trimester, with varying degrees of success. The objective of this study was to investigate whether they can be related to pregnancy outcome in women presenting with first trimester threatened miscarriage. A cohort study ...
Olsen Tandy G - - 2007
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a glycoprotein hormone produced by trophoblastic tissues, and its identification is frequently relied upon to establish the diagnosis of pregnancy. Entities other than pregnancy, such as false-positive hCG results, pituitary hCG, exogenous hCG, and both trophoblastic and nontrophoblastic neoplasias, can also cause laboratory assays for ...
Kagan K O - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether in smokers there is a significant dose dependency between the number of cigarettes per day and levels of free ss-hCG and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) at 11-13(+6) weeks of gestation. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the maternal serum free ss-hCG and PAPP-A levels ...
Palomaki Glenn E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To validate Down syndrome screening protocols that include hyperglycosylated-hCG (h-hCG) measurements. METHODS: Measuring h-hCG in 21 641 fresh first- and second-trimester maternal serum samples, but not for clinical interpretation. Nuchal translucency (NT) and pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) measurements were available in the first trimester; alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), unconjugated estriol ...
Hsieh Tsang-Tang - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness between total human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and free beta-hCG in two-marker Down syndrome screening programs during the second trimester in a Taiwanese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a multicenter collaborative study, we investigated the second-trimester maternal serum levels of ...
Seeber Beata - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between endometrial stripe (ES) thickness and pregnancy outcome in women with a symptomatic first-trimester pregnancy and to determine how vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain and 1 human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) level affect ES thickness. STUDY DESIGN: Data on ES thickness, serum hCG, presence of pain, characterization ...
Pidoux Guillaume - - 2007
Placental development is markedly abnormal in women bearing a fetus with trisomy 21, with defective syncytiotrophoblast (ST) formation and function. The ST occurs from cytotrophoblast (CT) fusion and plays an essential role by secreting human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which is essential to placental development. In trisomy of chromosome 21 (T21) ...
Sasaki Yasushi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the proportion of hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG-H) produced at the time of implantation as a predictor of pregnancy success. DESIGN: Measuring daily urine hCG and hCG-H on the day of implantation. The time of implantation was assumed to be the first day of hCG detection (total ...
Ayad A - - 2007
This study was conducted to describe the minimum detection limit, reproducibility, accuracy, specificity and parallelism of different pregnancy-associated glycoprotein radioimmunoassay (PAG-RIA) systems: RIA-497, RIA-706, RIA-780, RIA-809 and RIA-Pool. Their ability to distinguish between non-pregnant and pregnant females at day 30 after artificial insemination (AI) was investigated. The antisera were raised ...
Sayin N Cenk - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the relationship between the second trimester maternal serum markers and adverse pregnancy outcomes in healthy newborns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 749 women who delivered in our institution with complete follow up and second-trimester triple marker test data available were included in ...
Tavor Oren - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The measurement of maternal serum human chorionic gonadotropin as a predictor of fetuses with Down syndrome has been in use since 1987. OBJECTIVES: To determine the correlation between extremely high levels of hCG at mid-gestation and maternal and fetal complications. METHODS: The study group consisted of 75 pregnant women ...
Grossman Daniel - - 2007
PURPOSE: Medication abortion protocols commonly rely on ultrasound or serum hCG measurement to confirm completion. In order to explore the use of a urine-based test to screen for ongoing pregnancy, we compared the diagnostic accuracy of a recently developed semi-quantitative urine pregnancy test to serum beta-hCG testing. METHODS: We evaluated ...
Lunacek A - - 2007
PURPOSE: Human prostate development starts in the tenth week of gestation. Initial interactions between the epithelium and mesenchyma are stimulated by androgens. The transformation of circulating testosterone to 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone by tissue linked 5alpha-reductase is a key event in androgen metabolism. The 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone mediates androgen effects in the urogenital sinus and ...
Sayar Sedat - - 2007
In vitro fermentabilities of the oat flour digestion residues (ODR) from two commercial oat lines with 4.7 and 5.3% beta-glucan and from two high-beta-glucan experimental lines with 7.6 and 8.1% beta-glucan were evaluated and compared with fermentations of lactulose, purified oat beta-glucan (POBG), and purified oat starch (POS). Substrates were ...
Tong S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pro-alphaC inhibins are luteal derived analytes peaking in the maternal serum as early as Day 16 after conception. We set out to verify a previous post hoc analysis which suggested that pro-alphaC levels measured this early are extremely sensitive in predicting clinical pregnancy success after unstimulated IVF with ovulatory ...
Condous G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We have previously published on the use of mathematical Model M1 to predict ectopic pregnancy in women with no signs of intra- or extrauterine pregnancy. The aim of this study was to improve on the performance of this model for the detection of developing ectopic pregnancies in women with ...
Shih Chuan-Chi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of cul-de-sac pregnancy following in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) in a patient with primary infertility. CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old primigravida woman underwent IVF-ET 4 weeks before her presentation. Serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) on day 20 after embryo transfer was 901 mIU/mL. Ultrasound ...
Fu Joyce - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated that 25-77% of ectopic pregnancies spontaneously resolve with expectant management. However, expectant management is controversial and should be considered only for patients with small, unruptured gestational sacs, low beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) levels and absence of symptoms. There is no consensus on how long to ...
Smith G C S GC Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cambridge University, Rosie Maternity Hospital, Cambridge, UK. - - 2007
To determine whether maternal serum levels of alphafetoprotein (alpha-FP) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) at 15-21 weeks provided clinically useful prediction of stillbirth in first pregnancies. Retrospective study of record linkage of a regional serum screening laboratory to national registries of pregnancy outcome and perinatal death. West of Scotland, 1992-2001. ...
Condous George - - 2007
To see if the incorporation of clinical variables can improve the diagnostic performance of logistic regression models in the prediction of pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) outcome. Prospective observational study. Early Pregnancy Unit, St George's Hospital, University of London, London. All women with a PUL were included in the final ...
Canini Silvana - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between first-trimester maternal serum PAPP-A and free beta-hCG and birth weight. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Singleton pregnancies (n = 1,630) at 10-14 weeks of gestation. INTERVENTION(S): Fluorimetric immunoassays for maternal serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and free beta-hCG. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Celik Onder - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of myoelectrical signals with spontaneous contractile events and physiological states in the nonisolated uterine horn of rats. DESIGN: In vivo uterine myoelectrical activity recording study. SETTING: Animal and pharmacology laboratory at Inonu University. ANIMAL(S): Thirty-six female Wistar albino rats. INTERVENTION(S): Six animals were not castrated ...
Casart Ysabel C - - 2007
Studies in placentas from the first trimester and in vitro models indicate that interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6 induce the release of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). During pre-eclampsia there is an increase of pro-inflammatory cytokines; however, its relationship with hCG levels during the third trimester of pregnancy has not been determined. ...
Kirk E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To develop a strategy to rationalize the follow-up of pregnancies of unknown location (PULs) based on the predicted outcome using a mathematical model. METHODS: Prospective interventional study. Women classified with a PUL had serum hCG levels taken at 0 and 48 h. A logistic regression model was used to ...
Xu Bing - - 2007
Two cases of cervical pregnancy with heavy bleeding successfully treated by uterine artery embolization (UAE) followed by immediate curettage are described in this report. Case 1 demonstrated intermittent bleeding after serious bleeding was successfully controlled by UAE. Serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) level rose remarkably after a short time ...
Ardawi Mohammed-Salleh M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To establish normative values and distribution parameters of first-trimester screening markers, namely, fetal nuchal translucency (NT), maternal serum free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), at 10 to 13(+6) weeks of gestation in Saudi women and to evaluate the effect of co-variables including maternal body weight, ...
Hwa Hsiao-Lin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish a predictive model for Down's syndrome using maternal age as well as maternal serum levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and to identify an optimal cut-off risk in women under the age of 35 years to improve sensitivity. ...
Ticconi C - - 2007
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) plays a major role in early human development through a series of well recognized pregnancy-promoting actions that are exerted in the first trimester, including maternal recognition of pregnancy, enhancement of embryo implantation and survival, stimulation of trophoblast growth and differentiation, and prolongation of the functional life ...
Cole L A - - 2007
Hyperglycosylated hCG (hCG-H) is a glycosylation variant of the hormone hCG. Here we review all that is known about this independently functioning molecule. As discussed, it is a very different molecule to the hormone hCG. First, hCG-H is produced by cytotrophoblast cells while regular hCG is made in syncytiotrophoblast cell. ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2007
CONTEXT: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is an important cause of maternal deaths in early pregnancy because most fatal cases result from delayed diagnosis and inappropriate investigation. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether the measurement of activin A may be useful in the diagnosis of EP in women with unknown pregnancy location. DESIGN: The ...
Reis M Fátima - - 2007
Determination of environmental impacts on reproductive health and specifically on the incidence of early spontaneous abortion requires accurate estimates of the latter. This negative reproductive outcome can be detected by the pattern of elevation and decline of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels near and shortly beyond the expected time of ...
Evans Mark I - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare free beta and intact human chorionic gonadotropin in first trimester screening with pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A and nuchal translucency. STUDY DESIGN: A Monte Carlo simulation trial was conducted based on a literature review of the PUBMED database (1966 to November 2005). RESULTS: ...
Porat Shay - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Low initial serum beta hCG is a good predictor of early pregnancy failure. We sought to determine the contribution of treatment variables and the predictive value of early serum beta hCG after IVF on long-term pregnancy outcome. DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. SETTING: An academic IVF unit. PATIENT(S): Five ...
Licht P - - 2007
The regulation of human implantation is not fully understood. hCG as one of the earliest embryonal signals may be a major regulator in the parakrine embryo-endometrial communication. The expression of full-length hCG/LH-receptor mRNA could be demonstrated in human endometrium throughout the follicular and secretory phase of the menstrual cycle. In ...
Lohstroh Pete N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the hourly profiles of hCG secretion in blood during conceptive cycles that ended in successful pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University fertility clinic and research laboratories. PATIENT(S): Healthy spontaneously ovulating women with regular menses, no history of infertility, and either no male partner or an azospermic partner. ...
Nahid Lorzadeh
This study was carried out to compare the capability of HCG versus magnesium sulfate (MgSO<SUB>4</SUB>) to inhibit preterm delivery in human cases. The study group included 101 women at 22-35 weeks of gestation with intact membranes and cervical dilatation less than 4cm in preterm labor in referrals of Obstetric-Clinic in ...
Jain Kiran - - 2007
We report an unusual appearance of retained products of conception that mimicked an arteriovenous malformation. A 38-year-old woman presented with persistent scant vaginal bleeding and declining levels of serum beta-HCG after therapeutic abortion. Sonographic examination revealed a highly vascular lobulated mass, which on spectral Doppler examination showed low resistance and ...
Footitt Steven - - 2007
The enzyme 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase (KAT) (EC 2.3.1.16) catalyses a key step in fatty acid beta-oxidation. In Arabidopsis thaliana, expression of the KAT2 gene is known to be required for the efficient mobilization of triacylglycerol during germination and seedling establishment. Here, data from the Arabidopsis kat2-1 mutant are presented, showing that ...
Jones Howard W HW - - 2007
The following article on the history of human chorionic gonadotropin is interesting on several levels. I hope that you will enjoy the first-hand description of the events surrounding the discovery of site of origin of this important pregnancy-related hormone as told by Dr. Howard Jones Jr., husband of the late ...
Edelstam G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Separate reference values were recently established for routine blood samples during last trimester pregnancy. Previously, these were based on blood samples from healthy men or non-pregnant women. Normal changes in variation in the levels of steroid hormones in the last weeks of pregnancy before delivery are also incompletely investigated. ...
Richard Craig A H - - 2007
The native form of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a heterodimer protein with two asparagine (Asn)-linked carbohydrate chains on each subunit. Removal of the Asn-linked carbohydrate chains from hCG has resulted in hCG variants with consistent antagonistic properties on isolated murine cells. Specific and direct enzymatic removal of these carbohydrate ...
Randall Gary W - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to compare intrauterine insemination (IUI) pregnancy rates (PR) as a function of diagnosis and ovulation protocol utilizing an extended semen transport time. This allowed clients to conveniently collect IUI specimens in the comfort and privacy of their home. A single IUI per ...
Condous G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We compared the performance of each of three tests for predicting pregnancy failure in the pregnancy of unknown (PUL) population. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, we compared the performance of three models for the prediction of pregnancy failure in women with a PUL: (i) logistic-regression model incorporating vaginal ...
Kosmas Ioannis P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To systematically compare hCG administration as a method for intrauterine insemination (IUI) timing with conservative urinary LH surge detection in infertility treatment. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of prospective and retrospective trials. SETTING: Tertiary fertility and IVF center. PATIENT(S): One thousand four hundred sixty-one patients who received hCG after a clomiphene citrate ...
Verkleij-Hagoort Anna C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The plasminogen activator system and beta-hCG may affect neural crest cells and angiogenesis, and thereby embryogenesis. Therefore, we investigated these parameters in amniotic fluids of pregnancies with a complex congenital malformation. STUDY DESIGN: In a case-control study amniotic fluid samples were collected from 62 pregnancies with a complex congenital ...
Krantz David - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of free beta hCG and PAPP-A measured during first-trimester Down syndrome risk assessment with early pregnancy loss when blood is drawn prior to scheduled ultrasound. METHODS: Maternal dried blood samples were collected prior to the ultrasound exam for Down syndrome risk assessment. Free beta hCG ...
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