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Ndungu J R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the thyroid profile and the prevalence of gestational thyrotoxicosis among women with emesis during early pregnancy. DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kenyatta National Hospital acute gynaecology ward and the ante-natal clinic. SUBJECTS: Seventy two women presenting with emesis up to 16 weeks gestation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Rivera Veronica - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the change in human chorionic gonadotropin after manual vacuum aspiration is predictive of an early abnormal intrauterine pregnancy in women with pregnancy of unknown location. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study of 23 clinically stable patients with an early abnormal pregnancy who had abnormally ...
Lee Joseph K-S - - 2009
A 25-year-old female with a history of recent miscarriage presents with haemodynamic shock and a negative serum beta hCG. She presents to six different healthcare facilities within a single metropolitan area, during which a pelvic ultrasound scan showed an empty uterus with a subnormal rise in serum beta hCG. Suspected ...
Linskens I H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, prenatal screening for trisomy 21 in the first trimester of pregnancy for singletons is conducted through a combined test based on maternal age, nuchal translucency measurement and maternal serum free beta-hCG and PAPP-A. In our clinic risk calculations in twins are currently based on the NT ...
Androutsopoulos G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In this prospective study, we investigated the association between mid-trimester maternal serum human chorionic gonadotropin (ms-hCG) levels and adverse pregnancy outcome in a South-Western Greek population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 130 healthy Greek women with spontaneous pregnancies were investigated for ms-hCG levels between the 13th and 24th weeks of gestation ...
Ochsenk??hn Robert - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) levels on standardized days after oocyte retrieval (OR) following single blastocyst transfer to predict pregnancy outcome after assisted reproductive technology. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Private fertility center. POPULATION: A total of 230 women with an intact intrauterine pregnancy 21 days after OR ...
Androutsopoulos G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In a prospective study, we investigated the association between mid-trimester maternal serum AFP (ms-AFP), maternal serum hCG (ms-hCG) levels and adverse pregnancy outcome in a South-Western Greek population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 126 healthy Greek women with spontaneous pregnancies were investigated for ms-AFP and ms-hCG levels between the 13th and ...
Prapas Nikos - - 2009
The effect of low-dose human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration in the proliferative phase of oocyte recipients was investigated in a prospective randomized trial. Sibling oocytes from the same donor were shared at random among two different recipients. In group I oocyte recipients received 750 IU of hCG every three days ...
Linskens Ingeborg H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The VU University Medical Center (VUmc) was the first hospital in the Netherlands to introduce the Delfia Xpress for the analysis of free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG) and pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) in the first trimester screening program for Down syndrome. Since then, others have implemented this system. ...
Cole Laurence A - - 2009
When considering human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and hCG tests, it is important to realize that it is not a single biological molecule. The regular form of hCG produced by differentiated syncytotrophoblast cells (regular hCG) is a hormone made with the primary function of maintaining the myometrial and decidual spiral arteries ...
Drakakis Peter - - 2009
A simple, safe and cost-effective treatment protocol in ovarian stimulation is of great importance in IVF practice, especially in the case of previous unsuccessful attempts. hCG has been used as a substitute of LH because of the degree of homology between the two hormones. The main aim of this prospective ...
Lain Samantha J - - 2009
Linking population health data to pathology data is a new approach for the evaluation of predictive tests that is potentially more efficient, feasible and efficacious than current methods. Studies evaluating the use of first trimester maternal serum levels as predictors of complications in pregnancy have mostly relied on resource intensive ...
Fahy Brenda G - - 2008
Tests to ascertain pregnancy status are often obtained during preoperative evaluation, especially when there is a history of uncertain pregnancy or suggestion of current pregnancy. A serum pregnancy test, a beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-HCG) level, was preoperatively obtained from a woman of childbearing age with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with ...
Banzola Irina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein (PAPP-A) are placentally produced proteins whose levels are altered in pregnancies with trisomy 21. PLAC4 is located on chromosome 21 and its expression is restricted to the placenta. Here we investigated whether the levels of beta-HCG-, PAPP-A- and PLAC4 mRNA could ...
Pihl Kasper - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the ability of predicting fetuses being small-for-gestational-age (SGA) at delivery with the maternal serum markers pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A), beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG) and A disintegrin and metalloprotease 12 (ADAM12) in first trimester. METHODS: In all,36 cases being SGA (birth weight < 5th centile) and 108 ...
Moschos E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether endometrial thickness and other parameters are useful predictors of normal intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) in the setting of vaginal bleeding and sonographic diagnosis of pregnancy of unknown location (PUL). METHODS: We reviewed the clinical and sonographic records of all 591 patients with vaginal bleeding and a sonographic ...
Spencer Kevin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: An initial study of trisomy 21 cases showed that prior to 10 weeks, maternal serum levels of intact hCG in the early first trimester are lower than normal. Here we further study the levels prior to and after 10 weeks of gestation to further establish whether or not the ...
Garchet-Beaudron Aurélie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the value of Down syndrome (DS) second-trimester maternal serum screening in large series of twin pregnancies. METHODS: Prospective study of second-trimester maternal serum markers [alpha fetoprotein (AFP) and free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG)] in 11,040 twin pregnancies, 27 of which were trisomy 21-affected. Comparison with 64,815 singleton ...
Wang YuDong - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the value of the hCG ratio of peritoneal serum versus venous serum (R(P/V)) for early diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of ectopic pregnancy (EP). DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): One hundred three women with hemoperitoneum and positive urine hCG tests underwent laparoscopy or laparotomy. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Cole Laurence A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The USA uniquely does not use quantitative urine human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) tests despite being invaluable in pregnancy testing and in monitoring cancer patients. We look at current hCG tests and their detection of the degraded forms of hCG predominant in urine. We examine levels of urinary hCG, its ...
Beesley Ronald - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of qualitative and quantitative human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) assays to detect ruptured amniotic membranes (ROM) in term patients. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study enrolling 100 term pregnancies with intact membranes. Samples were collected before and immediately following ROM, and at 2 and ...
de Medeiros S F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is measured in serum and urine for the early detection of ectopic pregnancy, patients with higher risk of miscarriage, embryos or fetuses with chromosome abnormalities, prediction of pre-eclampsia or fetal growth restriction and identification or follow-up of trophoblast neoplasia. This review examines basic knowledge on ...
Nowak-Markwitz Ewa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assign cutoff values for human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) in pretreatment and after one methotrexate (MTX) cycle and determine its correspondence to the number of MTX cycles in successfully treated ectopic pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Polish university hospital. PATIENT(S): 68 women with ectopic pregnancies who qualified for medical ...
Cole Laurence A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Currently, 20 IU/L is the accepted sensitivity of over-the-counter (OTC) hCG pregnancy tests, and the only sensitivity permitted for point of care (POC) tests. These sensitivity limitations cause significant numbers of false-negative tests, which mislead women and cause them to avoid precautions needed to avoid fetotoxic drug or alcohol ...
Donalson Kim - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the utility of maternal serum ADAM12 as a Down's syndrome marker. METHODS: Samples from 71 Down's syndrome affected pregnancies were retrieved from - 20 degrees C storage together with 710 controls matched for gestation and storage time. ADAM12 was measured prior to identification of the affected pregnancies, ...
El-Baradie Sahar M Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate ultrasonographic measurement of endometrial thickness and serum levels of chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) as predictors of failure to abort completely in patients designated for uterine evacuation using oral misoprostol. METHODS: Women attending an obstetric outpatient clinic who complained of residual vaginal bleeding 15 days or more after taking ...
Vigna Roberto - - 2008
Cor triatriatum dexter is a rare cardiac malformation characterized by division of the right atrium into two compartments by a usually fenestrated membrane, whose degree of partitioning or septation is responsible for different clinical manifestations. We report the first case of an isolated fetal cor triatriatum dexter that was diagnosed ...
Lee Fa-Kung - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of a serum P/E(2) ratio measured on the day of hCG administration regarding pregnancy outcomes in high responders undergoing IVF. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Two hundred twenty-three infertile women classified as high responders in IVF-ET cycles. INTERVENTION(S): Eligible infertile women undergoing ...
Chung Karine - - 2008
Measurement of serial human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) concentrations facilitates the diagnosis of normal or abnormal early gestation, as deviations from expected rates of rise or decline prompt intervention and/or treatment of abnormal pregnancies. Recently, the expected rise in hCG levels for normal intrauterine pregnancies (IUPs) was well characterized, and based ...
Campanile G - - 2008
The present study examined the effect of delayed treatment with tropic hormones and progesterone (P4) on embryonic mortality in buffaloes. Buffaloes with a conceptus on Day 25 after AI were assigned to the following treatments: Control (n=41), i.m. physiological saline; GnRH agonist (n=36), i.m. 12 microg buserelin acetate; hCG (n=33), ...
Xie Zhenwei - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The study evaluated the differences between Chinese normal twin and singleton pregnancies in the levels of maternal serum free-beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (free beta-hCG) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) used in second-trimester Down syndrome (DS) screening. METHODS: The concentrations of maternal serum markers of 456 twin pregnancies and 12 067 singleton controls ...
Delbaere I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to assess differences in human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) values between singleton IVF/ICSI pregnancies after elective single (eSET) versus double embryo transfer (DET). METHODS: This is a unicentre, retrospective, non-randomized study of women with eSET or DET in years 2000-2006, giving birth to a ...
Haddow James E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to further explore relationships between human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), TSH, and free T4 in pregnant women at 11 through 18 wk gestation. STUDY DESIGN: The design of the study was to analyze hCG in comparison with TSH and free T4, in paired first- ...
Bignardi Tommaso - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To determine whether hCG ratio at 48 h can predict ultimate viability of intrauterine pregnancies of uncertain viability (IPUVs) in the pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) population. METHODS: Prospective observational study from June 2001 to October 2004. All women classified with PUL had serum hCG levels measured at 0 ...
Shamonki Mousa I - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the live delivery rate with the initial level and rise of serum beta-hCG. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: Large private academic center for assisted reproductive technologies and infertility. PATIENT(S): Records of all patients from 1999 to 2005 undergoing IVF with detectable early serum beta-hCG after ET. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Muhcu Murat - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effect of maternal rhesus status on first-trimester screening markers for Down syndrome. METHODS: We accessed a database of singleton pregnancies undergoing first-trimester genetic screen with maternal Rh status documented and pregnancy outcome information available. Excluded were cases of fetal chromosomal or structural abnormalities, or maternal systemic ...
Kahn Richard L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Elective surgery is generally postponed in pregnancy. A policy of testing for urine human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in all women of childbearing age on the day of surgery was initiated at an elective orthopedic surgery facility. This is a retrospective report of our 1 yr experience and the associated ...
Boma M H - - 2008
In four Kenyan pig breeding units the pregnancy diagnosis of sows has been carried out in two groups: Group 1 (n = 1911): the sows were transrectaly pregnancy tested between Days 17-22 post-mating by ultrasound. Sows testing non-pregnant immediately received one dose of 400 IU pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) ...
da Costa Soares Roberto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the increment in beta-hCG levels (%) in the 48-h interval prior to treatment as a predictor of therapeutic success in the management of ectopic pregnancy with methotrexate. METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out between April 2002 and November 2006 at the Federal University of São ...
Gronowski Ann M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) tests are performed on many female patients before performing medical procedures or administering medications that may harm a fetus. hCG of pituitary origin has been shown to increase with age. Therefore, mild increases in serum hCG in an older patient can be of pituitary origin ...
Toth Bettina - - 2008
Glycodelin (Gd) is a major reproductive glycoprotein and a mediator for immunomodulatory effects directed to cellular, humoral, and innate immunity. Human pregnancy depends on a diversity of physiological processes including modulation of the maternal immunosystem. We evaluated the expression of Gd protein and mRNA in first trimester decidual tissue of ...
Morelli Sara S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether early measurement of the serum cytokines interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R), IL-6, and IL-8 along with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and progesterone (P(4)) can differentiate an ectopic from an intrauterine gestation. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: University-based fertility center. PATIENT(S): 75 women who underwent treatment with in vitro fertilization ...
Kirk Emma - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the appearance and behavior of ectopic pregnancies (EPs) initially classified as pregnancies of unknown location (PULs) to those visualized on the initial transvaginal ultrasound scan (TVS). METHODS: An observational study over a four-year period on women undergoing a TVS prior to diagnosis of a tubal EP. Demographic ...
Leung T Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the first trimester crown-rump length (CRL), maternal serum levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (fbeta-hCG) are independent predictors of birth weight. METHODS: This was an observational study over 1.5 years in Chinese patients who underwent first-trimester combined screening for Down ...
Bersinger N A - - 2008
Hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotropin (H-hCG) is secreted by the placenta in early pregnancy. Decreased H-hCG levels have been associated with abortion in spontaneous pregnancy. We retrospectively measured H-hCG and dimeric hCG in the sera of 87 in vitro fertilization patients obtained in the 3 weeks following embryo transfer and set ...
Spencer K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine the clinical utility of the first-trimester biochemical markers of aneuploidy in their ability to predict subsequent delivery of a small-for-gestational age (SGA) infant. METHODS: We examined singleton pregnancies with no chromosomal abnormality and with complete outcome data that had undergone screening for trisomy 21 by a combination ...
Kontara Louiza - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: It was the aim of this study to investigate circulating levels of beta(2)-microglobulin (a marker of renal function) in mothers and fetuses/neonates from intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR, characterized by impaired nephrogenesis) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) pregnancies. METHODS: Serum beta(2)-microglobulin levels were determined in 40 parturients and their 20 ...
Hourani Roula - - 2008
Ectopic pregnancy (EP) has a variable and misleading clinical presentation contributing to the confusion with medical or other gynecological disorders. The rapid recourse to diagnostic methods, human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) titers and transvaginal ultrasonography, represents the best approach not only in the early diagnosis but also in the management and ...
Springer D - - 2008
Stability of free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin in maternal blood upon storage at ambient and refrigerator temperatures as well as stability under conditions simulating postal transport were studied. A group of 26 women in the first trimester of pregnancy were included in the study, blood samples were taken during the routine ...
van Mello Norah M - - 2008
Patients with ectopic pregnancy (EP) and low serum hCG concentrations and women with a pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) and plateauing serum hCG levels are commonly treated with systemic methotrexate (MTX). However, there is no evidence that treatment in these particular subgroups of women is necessary as many of these ...
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