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Results 451 - 500 of 1266
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Brennan D F - - 2000
We present the cases of two women with chronic ectopic pregnancies who presented with acute tubal rupture and hemoperitoneum despite negative beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta hCG) pregnancy tests. The appropriate screening use of beta hCG assays to ascertain pregnancy status, the mechanisms by which ectopic pregnancy may be seen with ...
Cuckle H - - 2000
Maternal serum screening for Down syndrome is an established practise in many countries. In the second trimester human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) or free beta-hCG is the marker of first choice, with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) as the second marker and unconjugated oestriol (uE(3)) the third. Statistical models with parameters derived by meta-analysis ...
Perenc M - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between the concentrations of maternal serum AFP, total beta-hCG and uE3 and the presence of various pathologies of the feto-placental unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The triple test was performed in the group of 882 pregnant women between the 14th ...
Tay P Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess a range of exogenous HCG regimes designed to simulate the endocrine environment occurring in biochemical, single and multiple pregnancies and to study the response of the corpus luteum to those regimes. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. PATIENTS: Twenty-five normally cycling women aged 24-35 years were given one of ...
Ogata I - - 2000
Oncostatin M (OSM) is a member of the interleukin-6 superfamily and a multifunctional cytokine that effects the growth and differentiation of many different cell types. OSM concentrations in the sera of pregnant women were found to be significantly higher than those of non-pregnant women. Western blot analysis revealed that the ...
Spencer K - - 2000
In a study of 30 802 unaffected pregnancies and 90 cases of Down syndrome I have analysed second trimester maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG) and grouped the data by fetal sex. In pregnancies with an unaffected female fetus maternal serum AFP was significantly lower (3%) ...
Spencer K - - 2000
In a group of 26 524 control pregnancies and a group of 3728 pregnancies affected by one or more of the pregnancy complications of low birthweight, intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR), preterm delivery and stillbirth, I have compared the relative risk of occurrence of these complications in pregnancies which had a ...
Eloranta M L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between intrahepatic cholestasis and Down's syndrome screening analytes (alpha-fetoprotein [AFP] and hCG) during the second trimester. DESIGN: Measurements of maternal serum AFP and hCG concentrations were retrospectively analyzed in relation to intrahepatic cholestasis in a cohort of 33 consecutive singleton pregnancies affected by cholestasis from ...
Spencer K - - 2000
In 25 cases of triploidy at 10-14 weeks of gestation, compared with 947 controls, the median multiple of the median (MoM) fetal nuchal translucency (NT) thickness was significantly increased (1.89 MoM), and maternal serum total and free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) were increased (3.13 MoM and 4.59 MoM respectively), alpha ...
Gold R S - - 2000
This study was conducted to compare early serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) concentrations in singleton pregnancies achieved after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), with those achieved after conventional in-vitro fertilization (IVF). Early serum HCG, 14-16 days after embryo transfer, was analysed in 99 IVF pregnancies achieved after ICSI (group A), and ...
Birken S - - 2000
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is the hormone of pregnancy and forms the basis of all pregnancy tests as well as diagnostic assays for a variety of pathological states including certain types of cancers and some diseases of pregnancy and genetic abnormalities. In recent years, the discovery of the diagnostic utility ...
Spencer K - - 2000
We have studied maternal serum free beta-hCG and PAPP-A, and fetal nuchal translucency (NT) in a series of 46 cases of fetal Turner's syndrome, 13 cases of other sex chromosomal anomalies and compared these with 947 control pregnancies in the first trimester. In cases of Turner's syndrome (45,X) the median ...
Lambert-Messerlian G M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether second-trimester maternal serum levels of inhibin A, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), unconjugated estriol (uE3), and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) are predictive of the later onset of preeclampsia in pregnancy. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of serum analyte levels in 60 women with preeclampsia compared with 300 controls. Levels of each ...
Wax J R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine if women experiencing an unexplained elevated maternal serum alpha fetoprotein (MSAFP; > or =2.0 MoM) or human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG; > or =2.0 MoM), or low unconjugated estriol (E3; < or =0.5 MoM) in one pregnancy are at increased risk for similar results in a subsequent pregnancy, ...
Letterie G S - - 2000
Serial serum hCG levels were measured in 50 patients with a tubal ectopic pregnancy and 50 patients with spontaneous miscarriage of an intrauterine pregnancy. Serum samples were obtained at intervals of 3-5 d and more frequently if clinically indicated. The final diagnosis was confirmed by laparoscopy and/or dilatation and curettage. ...
Abushoufa R A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We have developed and validated a lectin-immunoassay for the recognition of sialic acid residues on hCG glycoforms in serum. DESIGN: This assay employs a hCG specific capture antibody and a sialic acid specific lectin (Wheat Germ Agglutinin) labelled with horse radish peroxidase. RESULTS: The standard curve covered hCG concentrations ...
Takai N - - 2000
Intraplacental choriocarcinoma is very rare, and is usually found only after maternal and fetal metastatic disease is identified. The purpose of this case report is to review the incidence and findings of intraplacental choriocarcinoma. A term placenta was investigated because the newborn was born with severe anemia (Hb 3.0 g/dL). ...
Räty R - - 2000
We aimed to compare the levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG) levels as multiples of the median (MoM) values between spontaneous and in vitro fertilized (IVF) twin pregnancies. The control group of spontaneous singleton pregnancies was used for calculating the gestational age specific median levels of ...
de Graaf I M - - 2000
The objective of this study was to determined the influence of maternal weight, maternal smoking habits, gravidity, parity and fetal gender on the level of maternal serum marker used in first trimester screening for Down syndrome. A total of 2449 singleton unaffected pregnancies from two centres were studied. Maternal serum ...
Jou H J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To establish normative data of maternal serum chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) during the second trimester in an Asian population. METHODS: We measured the maternal serum hCG levels in 17,955 normal singleton pregnancies between 15 and 21 weeks of gestation. The gestation age was estimated by measurement of fetal biparietal distance ...
Predanic M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Flushing Hospital Medical Center, Flushing, New York 11355, - - 2000
To determine whether serum CA-125 and serial beta-hCG levels can be used to distinguish between tubal abortion and viable ectopic pregnancy (EP). Retrospective cohort study. A tertiary care institution. Twenty-six women with EPs of 7-12 weeks' duration were studied retrospectively. Five had laparoscopically proved tubal abortions and 21 had active, ...
Tenore J L - - 2000
Ectopic pregnancy occurs at a rate of 19.7 cases per 1,000 pregnancies in North America and is a leading cause of maternal mortality in the first trimester. Greater awareness of risk factors and improved technology (biochemical markers and ultrasonography) allow ectopic pregnancy to be identified before the development of life-threatening ...
Sugantha S E - - 2000
A total of 429 pregnancies after assisted conception treatment was analysed, using receiver operator characteristic curves. The best balance between sensitivity and specificity for predicting viable (single and multiple births) and non-viable (fetal heart positive abortions, ectopic and biochemical pregnancies) outcomes was human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) 50 IU/l on day ...
Phipps M G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a combination of serum and urine biomarkers drawn from symptomatic pregnant women will help early differentiation of viable from nonviable pregnancies. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 220 women who presented in the first trimester of pregnancy with complaints of pain, cramping, bleeding, or ...
Homan G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether serum hCG and progesterone levels obtained 16 days after ovulation are reliable predictors of pregnancy outcome. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: The data were obtained from two integrated Adelaide-based clinics: the Queen Elizabeth Hospital and Wakefield Clinic. PATIENT(S): Women who have achieved a pregnancy through ART ...
Heikkilä A - - 2000
This study was undertaken to investigate the association between placenta previa and Down syndrome screening analytes-alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and hCG-during the second trimester. Measurements of maternal serum AFP and hCG concentrations were retrospectively analysed in relation to placenta previa in a cohort of 46 consecutive singleton pregnancies affected by placenta previa ...
Giakkoupi P - - 2000
The non-naturally occurring TEM-1 beta-lactamase mutant R164S:G238S, as well as the R164S (TEM-12) and G238S (TEM-19) beta-lactamases, were constructed and expressed in Escherichia coli under isogenic conditions. Comparison of susceptibilities to beta-lactam antibiotics and substrate profiles showed that the combination of R164S with G238S drastically reduced the extended-spectrum activity of ...
Perniola R - - 2000
Reproductive failure is common in beta-thalassemia major patients because of endocrine damage resulting from iron overload. Here 3 full-term pregnancies following spontaneous ovulation in 2 splenectomized beta-thalassemia major women are reported. The main echocardiographic parameters, such as left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters, fractional shortening and ejection fraction, were within ...
Wald N J - - 1999
To examine the Down's syndrome screening positive rate among in vitro fertilisation (IVF) pregnancies, we measured second trimester serum marker levels in singleton IVF pregnancies (cases) and in five non-IVF pregnancies (controls) matched to each case for gestational age, age of mother, and duration of storage of the serum sample. ...
Hermsteiner M - - 1999
Membrane receptors for human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) are expressed in a variety of steroidogenic cells, and also in extragonadal tissues such as vessels of the female genital tract. We examined the possible contribution of hCG to the endocrine control of prearteriolar mesenteric and uterine vessels before and during pregnancy. Lumen ...
Spencer K - - 1999
In a study of 70 cases of trisomy 18 and 450 matched controls in the second trimester we have measured the maternal serum levels of the analytes alpha feto protein (AFP), free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) and pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A). We have found the median multiple of the ...
Lindqvist P - - 1999
Epidermal growth factor (EGF), an angiogenic and mitogenic peptide, is known to be essential for normal fetal development in mice. Hypothetically, low maternal urine EGF levels might be associated with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) or pre-eclampsia (PE). We carried out a prospective study of 1009 consecutive women whose urine was ...
Haddad B - - 1999
The possibility of using first trimester maternal serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) profiles to predict fetal growth retardation (FGR) was tested in 236 women with singleton pregnancies obtained after in-vitro fertilization (IVF). Pregnancies were monitored by serial analysis (two or more) of serum HCG at at least 48 h intervals. ...
Hsu T Y - - 1999
The purpose of our study was to assess the influence of intra-uterine insemination (IUI) on the results of maternal serum Down syndrome screening. 43 women with IUI pregnancies and 4507 healthy women who conceived were studied. Ovulation in IUI pregnancies was induced by clomiphene and/or human menopausal gonadotrophin (hMG). Maternal ...
Spencer K - - 1999
In an analysis of 3111 singleton pregnancies routinely screened in the first trimester with nuchal translucency, free beta hCG and pregnancy associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) smoking has been found to occur in 20.8 per cent of pregnant women. When the individual marker levels were assessed in smokers and non-smokers, ...
Christiansen M - - 1999
The proform of eosinophil major basic protein (proMBP), the most abundant protein in the eosinophil specific granule, is synthesized by the placenta and secreted into the maternal circulation, where it is found complex-bound to pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and other proteins. We examined the potential of proMBP as a maternal ...
Banerjee S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results of expectant management in women with pregnancy of unknown location and to identify diagnostic parameters that are predictive of spontaneous pregnancy resolution. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SUBJECTS: Women with a positive pregnancy test and suspected early pregnancy complications who were referred for ultrasound assessment. METHODS: ...
Cuckle H S - - 1999
Stored maternal urine samples were used to determine the distribution of hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotrophin (H-hCG) levels in pregnancies with Down syndrome. A total of 349 samples from singleton pregnancies, including 45 with Down syndrome, were tested at 10-19 weeks' gestation. Urinary concentration was allowed for by expressing H-hCG in ...
Mol B W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare gestational age and endometrial stripe thickness measurement with serum hCG measurement as criteria for the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy (EP). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Two large teaching hospitals in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. PATIENT(S): Three hundred fifty-four consecutively seen pregnant patients who presented between September 1993 and April ...
Cheng P J - - 1999
Prenatal Down syndrome screening with maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) has become common. High levels of maternal serum hCG and low levels of AFP have been associated with an increased risk of fetal Down syndrome. In this paper, we report five pregnancies in patients undergoing long-term ...
Cuckle H S - - 1999
Several studies have shown that second-trimester maternal urine beta-core human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) levels are raised on average in Down syndrome pregnancies. However, in all but one, testing was retrospective after extended sample storage and so we carried out a large international multicentre prospective study. 16 centres provided 6730 samples ...
Barnhart K T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical use and accuracy of transvaginal ultrasound for diagnosing intrauterine pregnancies, spontaneous miscarriages, and ectopic pregnancies in women who present with beta-hCG concentrations above or below an established discriminatory zone. METHODS: Ultrasound diagnosis at presentation was compared with final clinical diagnosis in 333 consecutive pregnant women who ...
Canick J A - - 1999
The article reviews screening for Down syndrome in the first trimester (8-13 gestational weeks) with maternal serum analytes. In the first trimester, 2 serum markers stand out: pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A, a large glycoprotein tetramer, and free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG), 1 of the 2 subunits of the glycoprotein hormone hCG. ...
Alam V - - 1999
The precise mechanisms by which corpus luteum (CL) function is modulated during early pregnancy are not known. Evidence in failed pregnancies (ectopic, abortions), shows that factors other than human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) could be involved in its regulation. The objective of this study was to investigate the dynamics of beta-HCG, ...
Nagata Y - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diffusion of gonadotropin into the follicular fluid (FF) and its relation to the results achieved in a human IVF-ET program. DESIGN: Retrospective pharmacokinetic study. SETTING: Fukuoka University Hospital, Japan. PATIENT(S): Eighty-seven infertile patients underwent 137 cycles of IVF-ET. INTERVENTION(S): Serum and FF were collected at the ...
Themis M - - 1999
In utero somatic gene therapy in the later stages of pregnancy may allow targeting of organ systems which are difficult to reach later in life and to prevent the development of tissue damage otherwise caused by the early onset of inherited diseases. We report here on the percutaneous delivery of ...
Schanne F J - - 1999
Gonadoblastomas are known to be hormonally active tumors that occur in streak or dysgenetic gonads of patients with intersex abnormalities. Several reports document their ability to produce beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), but none have documented an elevated peripheral serum beta-HCG. We report on the case of a patient with pure ...
Hsu J J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate second-trimester free beta-hCG and total estriol (E3) in the maternal urine as markers for Down syndrome screening in an Asian population. METHODS: Free beta-hCG and total E3 were measured in the urine samples of 28 Taiwanese Down syndrome pregnancies and 268 unaffected singleton pregnancies at 14-25 weeks. ...
Vaughan Jones S A - - 1999
In 1994 we set up a specialist clinic for pregnancy dermatoses, both to improve the management of pregnant women with skin problems and to enhance our general understanding of the pregnancy dermatoses. This clinic has provided a large database of 200 women which has formed the basis for a prospective ...
Hurley J C - - 1999
Stabilization of the avicide 3-chloro-p-toluidine (CPTH) on rice baits by pseudo latex polymeric coating and beta-cyclodextin inclusion was investigated. When CPTH-treated rice baits were exposed to sunlight, the CPTH formed colored compounds, which exacerbated problems with bait acceptance and efficacy. Fluidized bed coating with controlled-release polymeric psuedo latexes (RS, RL, ...
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