Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1106
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Rolo Liliam Cristine LC Fetal Cardiology Unit, Department of Obstetrics, Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine reference values for fetal interventricular septum (IVS) volume by 3D/4D ultrasound using spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) and virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL). Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 consecutive normal low-risk pregnant women at a gestational age ranging from 18w0d to 33w6d. The ...
Cruz-Martinez Rogelio R Department of Fetal Medicine and Surgery, Children's and Women's Specialty Hospital of Querétaro, Querétaro, - - 2014
Massive microcystic congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) and bronchial atresia are associated with a high perinatal mortality secondary to lung hypoplasia and cardiac dysfunction, and fetal intervention should be considered to improve prognosis. Therapeutic options include open fetal surgery with pulmonary resection, fetal sclerotherapy and fetoscopy. We present a case ...
Greene Christina L CL Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA. Address correspondence to: P. Michael McFadden, M.D., Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, 1520 San Pablo Street, Suite 4300, Los Angeles, CA - - 2014
Pregnancy after lung transplantation has been described, but pregnancy after living donor lobar lung transplantation (LDLT) has not been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes after pregnancy with LDLT and discuss current recommendations regarding pregnancy and lung transplantation. A total of four LDLT patients and five ...
Schenone Mauro H MH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tenn., - - 2014
Objective: To determine whether the acceleration/ejection time ratio of the fetal main pulmonary artery Doppler waveform (PATET) can accurately predict the results of fetal lung maturity testing in amniotic fluid. Methods: We prospectively studied pregnant women attending our ultrasound unit for clinically indicated fetal lung maturity testing. An ultrasound examination ...
Weaver K Nicole KN Division of Human Genetics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Pulmonary hypoplasia is a major cause of death in lethal skeletal dysplasias. We hypothesize that in fetuses with prenatally diagnosed skeletal dysplasia, comparison of observed to expected (O/E) lung volume will help predict lethality. We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients referred for evaluation of suspected fetal skeletal anomalies. ...
Wang Hsing-I HI Department of Ophthalmology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Mackay Medicine, Nursing and Management College, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
The placental volume and vascular indices are crucial in helping doctors to evaluate early fetal growth and development. Inadequate placental volume or vascularity might indicate poor fetal growth or gestational complications. This study aimed to evaluate the placental volume and vascular indices during the period of 11-14 weeks of gestation ...
Young Steven L - - 2014
A 30-year-old primigravid (G1P000) female with infertility secondary to her partner's oligospermia and her chronic anovulation presented 13 days after an oocyte retrieval for in vitro fertilization (IVF) with a positive home pregnancy test, abdominal distention, a 5-pound weight gain, nausea, shortness of breath, and reduced urinary frequency. Her IVF ...
Kutasy Balazs B The National Children's Research Center, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland, - - 2014
It has been shown that pulmonary retinol level is decreased during lung morphogenesis in the nitrofen-induced PH in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Placenta has a major role in the retinol homeostasis in fetal life. Since there is no fetal retinol synthesis, maternal retinol has to cross the placenta. Placenta is ...
Lertsburapa Terakeith T - - 2014
Abstract We report a case of a 31-week-gestation male newborn who died soon after birth from intractable respiratory failure and persistent pulmonary hypertension. The pregnancy had been complicated by intermittent bleeding between 13 and 20 weeks' gestation, attributed to peripheral placental separation, as well as bilateral fetal adrenal hemorrhage, first ...
Gil S S Inserm, UMRS-1139, Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; PremUp Foundation, Paris, - - 2014
The incidence of lung cancer is rising in pregnancy, which is diagnosed on stage III-IV in 98%. Almost half of these patients are non-smokers, who are associated with more epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated lung cancer. As cytotoxic chemotherapy is associated with poor outcome for mothers and prematurity for children ...
Bonet-Carne Elisenda E Transmural Biotech SL., Barcelona, - - 2014
To develop and evaluate the performance of a novel method to predict neonatal respiratory morbidity based on quantitative analysis of fetal lung by ultrasound. A huge number of non-clinical and fetal lung ultrasound images were used to develop a computerized method based on texture analysis and machine learning algorithms, trained ...
Hartwig Isabel R V IR Laboratory for Experimental Feto-Maternal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Fetal Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany, - - 2014
Observational as well as experimental studies support that prenatal challenges seemed to be associated with an increased risk for allergic airway diseases in the offspring. However, insights into biomarkers involved in mediating this risk are largely elusive. We here aimed to test the association between endogenous and exogenous factors documented ...
Jahromi Abdolreza Sotoodeh AS Research Center for Cardiovascular Atherosclerosis, Jahrom University of Medical Science, Jahrom, Iran. ; Department of Immunology, Jahrom University of Medical Science, Jahrom, - - 2014
We performed this study to evaluate the role of Interleukin-17 (IL-17) and Interleukin-18 (IL-18) in insulin resistance during normal pregnancy. This descriptive cross sectional study was carried out on 97 healthy pregnant women including 32, 25, and 40 individuals in the first, second, and third trimesters, respectively, and on 28 ...
Yawno Tamara T The Ritchie Centre, Monash Institute of Medical Research, and Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia 3168; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia 3168. Electronic address: - - 2014
The risk of preterm delivery often means that the fetus will be exposed to exogenous synthetic glucocorticoids to accelerate fetal lung maturation, but effects on other organs, particularly the brain, are not understood. The neurosteroid allopregnanolone (AP) is a GABAA receptor agonist that influences fetal brain development, suppresses CNS activity, ...
Ruano Rodrigo R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital Fetal Center, Houston, Texas, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
To evaluate fetal lung growth using two-dimensional ultrasonography in healthy fetuses and those with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Fetal right lung measurements were longitudinally evaluated in 62 healthy fetuses and 48 fetuses with CDH by two-dimensional ultrasonography between 20 and 36 weeks of menstrual age [MA]. Right lungs areas (LA) ...
Beck Ana Paula Avritscher AP Department of Obstetrics, Paulista School of Medicine - Federal University of São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP), São Paulo-SP, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate lung maturity using ultrasound (US), comparing the subjective and gray-scale histogram (GSH) techniques. Methods: A total of 77 single pregnancies were evaluated, divided into two groups: 11 women of gestational age 28 - 35+6 weeks and 66 women ≥ 36 weeks. The women underwent to emergency ...
Zhang Yiming Y Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School , Boston, MA , USA - - 2014
Abstract Innate defenses against environmental particulate exposures can become deficient when physiological background of the organism is unbalanced. Even those exposures considered innocuous may then become harmful. For example, one of the important inherent risks of pregnancy is increased inflammatory responsiveness in the airways, which extends to exposures considered otherwise ...
Reus Averil D AD Division of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, a new 3-D Virtual Reality (3D VR) technique for examining placental and uterine vasculature was investigated. The validity of placental bed vascular volume (PBVV) and fetal vascular volume (FVV) measurements was assessed and associations of PBVV and FVV with embryonic volume, crown-rump length, fetal birth weight and ...
Ceauşu Mihai M 1Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, - - 2014
Gestational cancer is a dramatic situation, with a deep impact on the patient and family, with an overall incidence of 1 per 100 pregnancies. Lung cancers are extremely rare during pregnancy but have become more frequent in past years, as the mean age of pregnancy has increased. The purpose of ...
Byberg Kristine Kjer - - 2014
The development of allergic sensitization and allergic disease may be related to factors during intrauterine life, but the role of maternal preeclampsia is not known. We studied if maternal preeclampsia is associated with long-term allergic sensitization, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, atopic dermatitis, asthma and with altered lung function in late childhood. 617 ...
Taştekın Ebru E Department of Pathology, Trakya University, Faculty of Medicine, EDİRNE, - - 2014
A congenital pulmonary airway malformation is a rare disorder of the pulmonary airway and a hamartomatous mass of disorganized lung tissues with various degrees of cystic change. A 20-year-old pregnant woman who did not have previous clinical follow-up during her pregnancy visited the gynecology department for her first check on ...
White Sarah B SB Department of Radiology, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (S.B.W., S.M.T., W.S.R.). Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe a transabdominal, transuterine Seldinger-based percutaneous approach to create a shunt for treatment of fetal thoracic abnormalities. Five fetuses presented with nonimmune fetal hydrops secondary to fetal thoracic abnormalities causing severe mass effect. Under direct ultrasound guidance, an 18-gauge needle was used to access the malformation. Through a peel-away ...
Chouridou Efterpi E Laboratory of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine; Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis; - - 2014
The Corticotropin Releasing Factor (CRF) system (neuropeptides CRF, Ucn I, II, III and binding sites CRFR1, CRFR2, CRF-BP) is responsible for stress regulation and the homeostasis of an organism. Herein we study the CRF system in human normal and pathological fetal lungs. Lung tissues from 46 archival human fetuses were ...
Moran M M Diagnostic Imaging, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Management of women with pre-gestational diabetes continues to be challenging for clinicians. This study aims to determine if 3D power Doppler (3DPD) analysis of placental volume and flow, and calculation of placental calcification using a novel software method, differ between pregnancies with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and normal ...
Prakash Shivesh - - 2014
Lobular Capillary Hemangioma (LCH) is a benign tumour that is known to be hormone responsive and have a relatively high incidence during pregnancy, the most common site being the gingival surfaces. A tracheal origin for this tumour is extremely rare, with no case reported so far in this patient population, ...
de Almeida Pimenta Eduardo Jorge EJ Pavilion for Women, Texas Children's Hospital, 6651 Main St, Suite F1020, Houston, TX 77030 USA. - - 2014
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between placental volumes, placental vascularity, and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Methods- A prospective case-control study was conducted between April 2011 and July 2012. Placental volumes and vascularity were evaluated by 3-dimensional sonographic, 3-dimensional power Doppler histographic, and 2-dimensional color ...
Zamora Irving J IJ Texas Children's Fetal Center, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX; Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to review the unique imaging characteristics, prenatal course, and outcomes for fetuses with mainstem bronchial atresia (MBA). The records of all patients referred for a fetal lung malformation from 2001 to 2012 and the medical literature were reviewed to identify cases of MBA. Of ...
Yuksel Mehmet Aytac MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul University, Fatih, 34098, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Scimitar syndrome (pulmonary venolobar syndrome) is a rare anomaly of venous return to the heart, most commonly consisting of partial or total anomalous pulmonary venous return from the right lung. This is the report of a case of a 29-year-old woman at 31 weeks of gestation of pregnancy who was previously ...
Thakrar Mitesh V MV Cardiopulmonary Transplantation, Institute of Transplantation, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University and The Newcastle Upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom; Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Southern Alberta Lung Transplant Program, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Advances in lung transplantation have enabled women to successfully undertake pregnancies. This study explored outcomes in this group, including changes in lung function, kidney function, and calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) levels. A retrospective review identified 19 transplant recipients who had ever become pregnant at our center, and manual reviews of their ...
Prior Tomas T Centre for Fetal Care, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, Du Cane Road, London, UK, W12 0HS; Institute for Reproductive and Developmental Biology, Imperial College London, London, UK, W12 - - 2014
Pregnancy complications, particularly those associated with placental dysfunction, occur more frequently in primiparous than multiparous women. This difference may be a consequence of improved trophoblastic invasion, and as a result improved placental function in multiparous pregnancy. Placental dysfunction in cases of fetal growth restriction may be identified by ultrasound assessment ...
Hoopmann Markus M Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Tuebingen, Calwerstrasse 7, 72076, Tübingen, - - 2014
To examine whether in the first trimester, placental, gestational sac and fetal volumes are different in pregnancies that result in small for gestational age (SGA) compared to average for gestational age (AGA) neonates. Case-control study comparing first trimester 3D volumes of the placenta, the fetus and the gestational sac between ...
Lapinsky Stephen E - - 2014
Restrictive lung disease is uncommon in pregnancy. We reviewed 15 pregnancies in 12 women with restrictive disease due to kyphoscoliosis, neuromuscular disease, or parenchymal lung disease. Median FVC was 40% predicted, and six women (50%) had an FVC < 1.0 L. In the 14 pregnancies in which at least two ...
Payne Daniel C DC Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2014
We conducted an epidemiologic investigation among survivors of a Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak in Jordan.A second trimester stillbirth occurred during the course of an acute respiratory illness which was attributed to MERS-CoV, based on exposure history and positive MERS-CoV serology.This is the first occurrence of stillbirth during ...
Peranteau William H WH The Center for Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pa., - - 2014
Mainstem or lobar bronchial atresia is associated with massive pulmonary hyperplasia, contralateral pulmonary hypoplasia, non-immune hydrops and a fatal fetal prognosis. Open fetal surgery currently provides a potential therapeutic option for management of a fetus with this diagnosis. We present 2 cases of open fetal surgery for bronchial atresia at ...
Morita Ayako A Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Chronic abruption-oligohydramnios sequence (CAOS), characterized by chronic vaginal bleeding and oligohydramnios, is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm delivery and lung problems in the infant. Fetal lung damage may be induced by not only oligohydramnios but also iron-induced oxidative stress through chronic aspiration of bloody substances in amniotic fluid. ...
Ahuja Vanita V Assistant Professor, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) during pregnancy mimics some of the physiological changes that occur during pregnancy. Diagnosis is challenging, especially when the patient presents with acute respiratory distress. The incidence of pleural effusion in TB is 3-25% and in the majority of patients, is unilateral. We describe the intensive care management ...
Asadi Gharabaghi Mehrnaz M Department of Respiratory Diseases, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of - - 2014
Here, we report a case of primary cryptococcal pneumonia in a 25-year-old woman who presented with several weeks' history of cough, dyspnoea and night sweating. These symptoms started in the third trimester of her pregnancy. She was being treated for infertility and got pregnant with in vitro fertilisation. On chest ...
Ruchonnet-Metrailler Isabelle I AP-HP, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Service de Pneumologie Pédiatrique, Centre de Référence pour les Maladies Respiratoires Rares de l'Enfant, Paris, - - 2014
Abnormalities of the fetal pulmonary vasculature may affect lung morphogenesis. Postnatal studies have suggested that pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) may be associated with congenital heart diseases (CHDs). To determine the prevalence of PH associated with CHDs, and to evaluate whether CHDs with right outflow obstruction were associated with the highest risk ...
Yu Ling L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, 139 Renmin Zhong Lu, Changsha, Hunan 410011, - - 2014
Objective. To determine the correlation between maternal bile acid (BA) level and fetal pulmonary surfactant in rats and study the effects of BA on fetal lung in rat model of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Methods. Forty pregnant rats were treated with (A) 5.5 mg/kg BA, (B) 1.4 mg/kg BA, and (C) 1 ml ...
Inchingolo Riccardo R Pulmonary Medicine Department, University Hospital "A. Gemelli", Rome, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the clinical value of chest ultrasound (US) in the detection, diagnosis and follow-up of pathologic processes of both peripheral lung parenchyma and pleural space in pregnant women. Pregnant women admitted to Obstetric Pathology Hospital Department for respiratory diseases were enrolled. Chest US examination was performed ...
Mlczoch Elisabeth E Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Pediatric Heart Center Vienna, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, - - 2013
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a powerful, noninvasive tool to study fetal lung volumes after 18 weeks of gestation in vivo. In neonates with congenital heart disease (CHD), proper lung function is essential for postnatal survival. Antenatal detection of abnormal pulmonary development may help to optimize prenatal and perinatal management of ...
Effendi M M Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, - - 2013
To estimate the correlation between first-trimester placental volume, birth weight, small-for-gestational-age (SGA), and preeclampsia. A prospective study of women with singleton pregnancy at 11-13 weeks of gestation was conducted. First-trimester placental volume was measured using three-dimensional ultrasound and reported as multiple of median (MoM) for gestational age. Participants were followed ...
Chan Andrew L - - 2013
One-third of pregnant asthmatics experience a worsening of their asthma that may progress to a critical asthma syndrome (CAS) that includes status asthmaticus (SA) and near-fatal asthma (NFA). Patients with severe asthma before pregnancy may experience more exacerbations, especially during late pregnancy. Prevention of the CAS includes excellent asthma control ...
Chatterjee Debnath - - 2013
We present a case report of a 28-year-old primigravida with a singleton pregnancy complicated by a fetal bronchogenic cyst compressing the left mainstem bronchus with resultant hyperinflation of the entire left lung and rightward mediastinal shift. An ex utero intrapartum treatment to resection of the fetal bronchogenic cyst via a ...
Hollams Elysia M - - 2013
Rationale: The extent to which maternal smoking in pregnancy (MSP) has persisting effects on respiratory health remains uncertain and the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. Alterations in immune function have has been proposed as a mechanism contributing to respiratory disease. Objectives: To determine whether MSP increases risk of respiratory ...
Tsuda Hiroyuki - - 2013
Pregnancies with placenta previa are significantly associated with preterm delivery and cesarean section. Therefore particular attention should be paid to the incidence of neonatal respiratory disorders in pregnancies with placenta previa. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between placenta previa and neonatal respiratory disorders, including respiratory ...
Kehl Sven - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to develop new formulas for the expected fetal lung area-to-head circumference ratio in normal singleton pregnancies between 20 and 40 weeks' gestation. Methods- The lung-to-head ratio and complete fetal biometric parameters of 126 fetuses between 20 and 40 weeks' gestation were prospectively measured. ...
Barthod G - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the paediatric and maternal outcome after ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT). A retrospective review was carried out of the medical charts (gestational age, circumstances of diagnosis, multidisciplinary prenatal decision, date of surgery, paediatric and maternal outcome) of all the fetuses eligible for/delivered ...
Bayer Christian M - - 2013
Pregnancies and breastfeeding are two important protective factors concerning breast cancer risk. Breast volume and breast volume changes might be a breast phenotype that could be monitored during pregnancy and breastfeeding without ionizing radiation or expensive equipment. The aim of the present study was to document changes in breast volume ...
Wills A K - - 2013
It has been suggested that maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy influences the risk of asthma and atopy in the offspring. The epidemiological evidence to support these claims is conflicting and may reflect chance findings and differences in how vitamin D was assessed. To examine the association between blood total ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >