Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1106
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Shimada Keiko - - 2004
AIM: A number of studies for the measurement of cell-free fetal DNA in maternal blood have been reported; however, their clinical significance has remained unclear. We proposed to clarify the relationship between fetal DNA levels and obstetrical disorders. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-five cases of normal pregnancy, ranging from 8 ...
Farina Antonio - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine (1) if fetal DNA (fDNA) in the maternal circulation in women affected by preeclampsia correlates with the time elapsed from the onset of symptoms to the time of blood collection, and (2) if the inclusion of this variable improves the discrimination between affected and unaffected patients by ...
Ebuehi, OAT; Department of ...
Oxidative stress during the various trimesters of pregnancy in humans was investigated. Venous blood was taken from 30 pregnant women, comprising 10 each at first, second and third trimesters. Additionally, blood was taken from 10 non-pregnant women, and was used as control. The plasma was quickly extracted and assayed for ...
Qiu Chunfang - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests that leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, may have independent direct effects on both insulin secretion and action, in addition to its well documented effects on appetite and energy expenditure. Some, but not all, previously published studies suggest that maternal leptin concentrations may be increased in pregnancies complicated ...
D'Anna Rosario - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Elevated circulating homocysteine is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Increased homocysteine plasma levels have been reported to occur in approximately 20-30% of women with preeclampsia and it has been suggested that they may predict the subsequent development of preeclampsia. METHODS: In a cohort of 1874 pregnant women ...
H.E. Mohamed
Plasma vitamin C concentrations were determined in Saanen and Nubian goats kept in Sudan and while they were either pregnant or lactating. The plasma vitamin C concentrations were lower during pregnancy than during either pre-pregnancy or lactation. The concentrations were lower in the Saanen than in the Nubian goats. Vitamin ...
Rouillac-Le Sciellour Christelle - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The routine prenatal determination of fetal RhD blood group would be very useful in the management of pregnancies in RhD-negative women, as up to 40% of these pregnancies bear a RhD-negative fetus. The fetal DNA present in maternal plasma offers an opportunity for risk-free prenatal diagnosis. AIM: This study ...
Chao Jane C-J - - 2004
This study investigated the effect of supplementation with chicken extract on plasma and colostrum protein compositions in lactating women. Thirty healthy pregnant women were evenly divided into the control (n = 15) or chicken extract (CE) group (n = 15). The CE group was given one bottle (70 mL/bottle) of ...
Sanjurjo Pablo - - 2004
The nutritional significance of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPS) during the perinatal period is becoming increasingly important. There are currently very few studies on dietary intervention during gestation. The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation during pregnancy on levels in both the ...
Laskowska Marzena - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to evaluate maternal serum angiotensin I, angiotensin II and aldosterone level, plasma renin activity, angiotensin converting enzyme activity in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia with and without intrauterine growth retardation. The study was carried out on 26 patients with singleton pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia (group ...
Wickström K - - 2004
During pregnancy, significant changes occur in the hemostatic system and in the plasma levels for several plasma proteins, especially towards term. In this study changes occurring during normal pregnancy and immediately postpartum were investigated to establish adequate reference intervals for important hemostatic parameters. Blood samples were collected during pregnancy weeks ...
Patrick Thelma E TE Magee Womens Research Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. - - 2004
We tested the hypothesis that race-specific lipid changes in pregnancy could predispose to oxidative stress and might increase the risk of preeclampsia for black women. Blood samples were obtained at five time points in pregnancy and postpartum for 15 black and 15 white women with normal pregnancy. Serum or plasma ...
Krauss Thomas T Cell Biology Laboratory, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University of Göttingen Medical School, Göttingen, - - 2004
The aim of this study was to analyze if levels of plasma PlGF in the second half of pregnancy have predictive value for the identification of women destined to develop preeclampsia or another complication of pregnancy. A bank of 1.543 randomly collected plasma samples (22-29 weeks of gestation) was established ...
Teran Enrique - - 2003
Preeclampsia is a common ( approximately 7% of all pregnancies) disorder of human pregnancy in which the normal hemodynamic response to pregnancy is compromised. Despite many years of intensive research, the pathogenesis of preeclampsia is still not fully understood. The objective of the present study was to investigate the concentration ...
Bustard Mark A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the maternal and fetal steady-state concentrations of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) and its dinitrate metabolites during transdermal administration, at the time of fetal blood sampling for obstetric indications. STUDY DESIGN: Transdermal GTN (0.4 mg/h) was applied approximately 2 hours before investigative fetal blood sampling ...
Ladella Subhashini J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: In humans and rats, pregnancy-associated maternal plasma volume expansion and plasma hypotonicity may facilitate maternal-to-fetal water transfer. Although reduced amniotic fluid volume occurs commonly in postterm pregnancy, the mechanisms are unknown. We previously demonstrated a reversal of pregnancy-induced maternal plasma hypotonicity that occurs in the near term (20 days) ...
Aardenburg Robert - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: A large number of women with a history of pre-eclampsia/HELLP have a low plasma volume at least six months postpartum. The objective of this study was to determine whether a low plasma volume in formerly pre-eclamptic women and HELLP patients is associated with an increased risk for recurrent hypertensive ...
Goodrum Linda A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare second-trimester, third-trimester, and postpartum arginine flux and nitric oxide production using infusions of the stable isotope L-[(15)N(2)]-arginine in normal human gestation. METHODS: Kinetic measurements were made in pregnant volunteers with uncomplicated singleton gestations in mid gestation, late gestation, and more than 8 weeks postpartum. A bolus of ...
Shi Lijun - - 2003
The effect of intravenous angiotensin II (ANG II) on fetal brain c-fos expression and arginine vasopressin (AVP) release was studied in the near-term ovine fetus. Fetuses with chronically implanted catheters received an intravenous infusion of ANG II or saline. Fetal plasma AVP concentrations were significantly increased after the peripheral administration ...
Cotter Amanda M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We have recently demonstrated that an elevated plasma homocysteine in early pregnancy is associated with the development of severe preeclampsia. The aim of this study was to determine whether an elevated plasma homocysteine in early pregnancy is also associated with the development of nonsevere preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Blood was ...
Nuamah Mercy A - - 2003
To clarify the mechanism of leptin resistance during pregnancy, we measured plasma leptin concentrations, free to total leptin ratio (percent free leptin) and soluble leptin receptor concentrations in pregnant women, and compared the results with those in non-pregnant women. We collected plasma samples from 23 non-pregnant and 31 pregnant women ...
Manten G T R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Elevated plasma concentrations of lipoprotein(a) are associated with an increased risk for development of atherosclerosis. High lipoprotein(a) concentrations may also be associated with pregnancy-induced hypertension and pre-eclampsia, but reference data on the course of lipoprotein(a) during uneventful pregnancies are limited and questionable. METHODS: We studied plasma lipoprotein(a) concentrations in ...
Nakatsuka Mikiya - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate vascular changes and uterine perfusion in women with recurrent pregnancy loss. METHODS: We measured plasma levels of adrenomedullin of 100 pregnant women in the midluteal phase of a nonpregnant cycle (control group: n = 62; recurrent pregnancy loss group: n = 38). We measured the pulsatility index ...
Tungwiwat Warunee - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In order to provide a reliable non-invasive method for fetal sex determination in a routine setting, we evaluated the possibility of identifying the fetal Y chromosome-specific sequence in maternal plasma using conventional PCR analysis. METHODS: Fetal gender was determined in 31 pregnant women including one with a dizygotic twin ...
Steinborn A - - 2003
During pregnancy the fetus represents a semi-allograft. Both membrane-bound and soluble forms of the nonclassic human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G protect the fetus from maternal immune attack. To assess the relevance of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) levels in the maternal circulation for the occurrence of characteristic pregnancy disorders, we analyzed sHLA-G plasma ...
Radunovic N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation of fetal and maternal plasma leptin concentrations during the second half of uncomplicated, euploid pregnancies and to compare these values with those obtained from pregnancies with Down syndrome. METHODS: Paired maternal venous and fetal umbilical blood samples were obtained during cordocentesis in 36 uncomplicated, euploid ...
Whyatt Robin M - - 2003
We have measured 29 pesticides in plasma samples collected at birth between 1998 and 2001 from 230 mother and newborn pairs enrolled in the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health prospective cohort study. Our prior research has shown widespread pesticide use during pregnancy among this urban minority cohort from New ...
Powers Robert W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that, regardless of the presence of the 677 C-T methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutation, maternal homocysteine concentrations will not be significantly different in women who are taking prenatal vitamins containing folic acid, and to test this relationship in preeclampsia because homocysteine concentrations are higher in preeclamptic ...
Holmes V A - - 2003
Pregnancy is proposed to be a Th2 phenomenon, where Th2 cytokines inhibit Th1 responses to improve foetal survival. The importance of interleukin-10 (IL-10), an immunomodulatory cytokine produced by Th2 cells, in the maintenance of normal pregnancy is becoming increasingly apparent. In a longitudinal case-control study, the physiological effect of pregnancy ...
Adegoke Olufeyi A - - 2003
There are numerous reports of altered carbohydrate metabolism in pregnancy. Normal pregnancy is sometimes characterised by mild fasting hypoglycaemia, postprandial hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia. Pregnancy has also been observed to be associated with a hypercholesterolaemic state in some individuals with pregnancy-induced hypertension. The aim of the present study was to assess ...
González-González M C - - 2003
The discovery of fetal DNA in maternal plasma from early pregnancies has led to new opportunities for clinical application. In the last few years there have been numerous reported applications, mainly fetal gender and RhD genotyping. The prenatal diagnosis of some inherited genetic diseases such as Huntington disease is also ...
Smid Maddalena - - 2003
Short- and long-term persistence of fetal DNA in maternal plasma has been investigated. Short-term persistence at very low concentration was detected in 47 out of 105 women within two days after delivery. Twelve out of 13 samples re-tested within three days scored negative. No long-term persistence was detected in 172 ...
Ozpinar Aysel - - 2003
Twenty synchronized Sakiz ewes (aged 3-4 years) were used in this study. Blood samples were taken once in pre-pregnancy and at the 100th day of pregnancy. At the 120th day of pregnancy and the 10th day postpartum, blood samples were collected every 2 h for 24 h from 10 ewes. ...
Hermanussen Michael - - 2003
The thrifty phenotype hypothesis proposes that the epidemiological associations between poor fetal and infant growth and the subsequent development of the metabolic syndrome, result from the effects of poor nutrition in early life. The present review however, considers an opposite explanation. We hypothesize that fetal over-nutrition plays a major role ...
Mudd S H - - 2003
Four pregnancies in a women with moderately severe deficiency of methionine adenosyltransferase I/III (MAT I/III) activity are reported. She is an apparent homozygote for a point mutation in MAT1A, the gene that encodes the catalytically active subunit of MAT I/III. This mutation reduces the activity of her expressed enzyme to ...
Mori Michiko - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study maternal lipoprotein(a) levels in normal pregnancy and in pregnancy with evidence of vascular disease in the maternal uteroplacental circulation defined by Doppler ultrasound study. SAMPLES: Maternal venous blood was collected from 75 normal pregnant women and 68 pregnant women with evidence of potential uteroplacental vascular disease identified ...
Latini G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), the most commonly used plasticizer, is a widespread ubiquitous environmental contaminant. The potential health hazards from exposure to DEHP and its main metabolite, mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP), have been well documented. Exposure to DEHP and MEHP in humans at risk, such as pregnant women and human fetuses, has not ...
Kalhan Satish C - - 2003
Serine plays an important role in intermediary metabolism as a source of one carbon pool for nucleotide biosynthesis, as a precursor for glycine and glucose, and as a contributor to cysteine biosynthesis. A unique serine-glycine cycling between the liver and the placenta has been demonstrated in the sheep fetus. We ...
Chen Mei-Jou - - 2002
Thrombotic microangiopathy is a rare disease that can be induced and precipitated by pregnancy, and is associated with high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. It results from abnormal intravascular platelet aggregation that leads to transient ischemia in various organs, including the central nervous system, kidneys and placenta. Plasma exchange ...
Molinaro Giuseppe - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hypotensive reactions have occurred in patients taking angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors after infusion of blood previously in contact with negatively charged surfaces capable of generating kinins, which accumulate when ACE, a kininase, is inhibited. A patient with anomalous bradykinin (BK) metabolism who experienced hypotension during extracorporeal staphylococcal protein ...
Choi J W - - 2002
To investigate the relationship between coagulation activities and the fibrinolytic system during normal pregnancy, we measured the plasma concentrations of coagulation factors, antithrombin III (AT III), D-dimer, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), total protein S (TPS), and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) in 436 apparently healthy pregnant, postpartum, and nonpregnant ...
Bogdanovich R N - - 2002
Clinical and laboratory studies were carried out in 38 pregnant women with antiphospholipid syndrome. Increased functional activity of platelets and decreased protein-producing function of the placenta were observed starting from the early terms of gestation. These disorders were followed by the development of hypercoagulation in the plasma component of hemostasis, ...
Hawkins Robert - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the agreement between visual grading of sample haemolysis with automated haemolysis index (H index) measurement on the Roche 917 clinical chemistry analyser. METHODS: The H indices of 800 serum potassium samples and 800 EDTA plasma troponin I samples were compared with routine visual grading of sample ...
Thongsong Boonrit - - 2002
Pregnant rats were subcutaneously administered with recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I (rhIGF-I) in doses of 0 (control), 1, 2, and 4 microg/g body weight per day from day 18 to 21 of pregnancy. On day 21 of pregnancy, maternal and fetal plasma samples were collected and those amino acid levels ...
Holmes V A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin) levels and platelet parameters in normal pregnant women compared with non-pregnant control subjects. DESIGN: A longitudinal case-control study. SETTING: Obstetric outpatient clinic in the Jubilee Maternity Hospital, Belfast. POPULATION: One hundred and twenty normal pregnant women and 41 non-pregnant age-matched control subjects. METHODS: The ...
VanWijk Marja J - - 2002
Coagulation activation in pregnancy is further enhanced in preeclampsia. We investigated whether this results from increased thrombin generation by the plasma itself or its cell-derived microparticles. Plasma samples were obtained from preeclamptic, normal pregnant and nonpregnant women (each n = 10). Prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2) and thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) concentrations ...
Yoneyama Yoshio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is characterized by endothelial cell dysfunction, and lipid peroxidation and alterations of immune responses may be involved in the pathogenesis of this disease. The aim of the present study was to examine changes in plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) level, an indicator of lipid peroxidation, and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity, ...
Finning K M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Invasive procedures to obtain fetal DNA for prenatal blood grouping present a risk to the fetus. During pregnancy, cell-free fetal DNA is present in maternal blood. The detection of RHD sequences in maternal plasma has been used to predict fetal D status, based on the assumption that RHD is ...
Gonçalves Paulo Vinicius Bernardes - - 2002
Nine patients taking oral doses of 10 mg/12 h rac-pindolol as part of their treatment for hypertension in pregnancy were recruited for the study. Maternal and fetal gestational age ranged from 20-38 years and 28-41 weeks, respectively. Blood was collected from the umbilical cord vein and from the mother from ...
Wadsworth G R - - 2002
Under physiological conditions and on average, the total volume of blood in the circulation is constant. The total blood volume (BV) and the separate volumes of plasma and erythrocytes vary according to climatic conditions, in pregnancy and in the presence of disease. Such changes can have clinical significance although they ...
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