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Results 401 - 450 of 1078
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Holmes V A - - 2003
Pregnancy is proposed to be a Th2 phenomenon, where Th2 cytokines inhibit Th1 responses to improve foetal survival. The importance of interleukin-10 (IL-10), an immunomodulatory cytokine produced by Th2 cells, in the maintenance of normal pregnancy is becoming increasingly apparent. In a longitudinal case-control study, the physiological effect of pregnancy ...
Adegoke Olufeyi A - - 2003
There are numerous reports of altered carbohydrate metabolism in pregnancy. Normal pregnancy is sometimes characterised by mild fasting hypoglycaemia, postprandial hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia. Pregnancy has also been observed to be associated with a hypercholesterolaemic state in some individuals with pregnancy-induced hypertension. The aim of the present study was to assess ...
González-González M C - - 2003
The discovery of fetal DNA in maternal plasma from early pregnancies has led to new opportunities for clinical application. In the last few years there have been numerous reported applications, mainly fetal gender and RhD genotyping. The prenatal diagnosis of some inherited genetic diseases such as Huntington disease is also ...
Smid Maddalena - - 2003
Short- and long-term persistence of fetal DNA in maternal plasma has been investigated. Short-term persistence at very low concentration was detected in 47 out of 105 women within two days after delivery. Twelve out of 13 samples re-tested within three days scored negative. No long-term persistence was detected in 172 ...
Ozpinar Aysel - - 2003
Twenty synchronized Sakiz ewes (aged 3-4 years) were used in this study. Blood samples were taken once in pre-pregnancy and at the 100th day of pregnancy. At the 120th day of pregnancy and the 10th day postpartum, blood samples were collected every 2 h for 24 h from 10 ewes. ...
Hermanussen Michael - - 2003
The thrifty phenotype hypothesis proposes that the epidemiological associations between poor fetal and infant growth and the subsequent development of the metabolic syndrome, result from the effects of poor nutrition in early life. The present review however, considers an opposite explanation. We hypothesize that fetal over-nutrition plays a major role ...
Mudd S H - - 2003
Four pregnancies in a women with moderately severe deficiency of methionine adenosyltransferase I/III (MAT I/III) activity are reported. She is an apparent homozygote for a point mutation in MAT1A, the gene that encodes the catalytically active subunit of MAT I/III. This mutation reduces the activity of her expressed enzyme to ...
Mori Michiko - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study maternal lipoprotein(a) levels in normal pregnancy and in pregnancy with evidence of vascular disease in the maternal uteroplacental circulation defined by Doppler ultrasound study. SAMPLES: Maternal venous blood was collected from 75 normal pregnant women and 68 pregnant women with evidence of potential uteroplacental vascular disease identified ...
Latini G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), the most commonly used plasticizer, is a widespread ubiquitous environmental contaminant. The potential health hazards from exposure to DEHP and its main metabolite, mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP), have been well documented. Exposure to DEHP and MEHP in humans at risk, such as pregnant women and human fetuses, has not ...
Kalhan Satish C - - 2003
Serine plays an important role in intermediary metabolism as a source of one carbon pool for nucleotide biosynthesis, as a precursor for glycine and glucose, and as a contributor to cysteine biosynthesis. A unique serine-glycine cycling between the liver and the placenta has been demonstrated in the sheep fetus. We ...
Chen Mei-Jou - - 2002
Thrombotic microangiopathy is a rare disease that can be induced and precipitated by pregnancy, and is associated with high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. It results from abnormal intravascular platelet aggregation that leads to transient ischemia in various organs, including the central nervous system, kidneys and placenta. Plasma exchange ...
Molinaro Giuseppe - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hypotensive reactions have occurred in patients taking angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors after infusion of blood previously in contact with negatively charged surfaces capable of generating kinins, which accumulate when ACE, a kininase, is inhibited. A patient with anomalous bradykinin (BK) metabolism who experienced hypotension during extracorporeal staphylococcal protein ...
Choi J W - - 2002
To investigate the relationship between coagulation activities and the fibrinolytic system during normal pregnancy, we measured the plasma concentrations of coagulation factors, antithrombin III (AT III), D-dimer, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), total protein S (TPS), and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) in 436 apparently healthy pregnant, postpartum, and nonpregnant ...
Bogdanovich R N - - 2002
Clinical and laboratory studies were carried out in 38 pregnant women with antiphospholipid syndrome. Increased functional activity of platelets and decreased protein-producing function of the placenta were observed starting from the early terms of gestation. These disorders were followed by the development of hypercoagulation in the plasma component of hemostasis, ...
Hawkins Robert - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the agreement between visual grading of sample haemolysis with automated haemolysis index (H index) measurement on the Roche 917 clinical chemistry analyser. METHODS: The H indices of 800 serum potassium samples and 800 EDTA plasma troponin I samples were compared with routine visual grading of sample ...
Thongsong Boonrit - - 2002
Pregnant rats were subcutaneously administered with recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I (rhIGF-I) in doses of 0 (control), 1, 2, and 4 microg/g body weight per day from day 18 to 21 of pregnancy. On day 21 of pregnancy, maternal and fetal plasma samples were collected and those amino acid levels ...
Holmes V A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin) levels and platelet parameters in normal pregnant women compared with non-pregnant control subjects. DESIGN: A longitudinal case-control study. SETTING: Obstetric outpatient clinic in the Jubilee Maternity Hospital, Belfast. POPULATION: One hundred and twenty normal pregnant women and 41 non-pregnant age-matched control subjects. METHODS: The ...
VanWijk Marja J - - 2002
Coagulation activation in pregnancy is further enhanced in preeclampsia. We investigated whether this results from increased thrombin generation by the plasma itself or its cell-derived microparticles. Plasma samples were obtained from preeclamptic, normal pregnant and nonpregnant women (each n = 10). Prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2) and thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) concentrations ...
Yoneyama Yoshio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is characterized by endothelial cell dysfunction, and lipid peroxidation and alterations of immune responses may be involved in the pathogenesis of this disease. The aim of the present study was to examine changes in plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) level, an indicator of lipid peroxidation, and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity, ...
Finning K M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Invasive procedures to obtain fetal DNA for prenatal blood grouping present a risk to the fetus. During pregnancy, cell-free fetal DNA is present in maternal blood. The detection of RHD sequences in maternal plasma has been used to predict fetal D status, based on the assumption that RHD is ...
Gonçalves Paulo Vinicius Bernardes - - 2002
Nine patients taking oral doses of 10 mg/12 h rac-pindolol as part of their treatment for hypertension in pregnancy were recruited for the study. Maternal and fetal gestational age ranged from 20-38 years and 28-41 weeks, respectively. Blood was collected from the umbilical cord vein and from the mother from ...
Wadsworth G R - - 2002
Under physiological conditions and on average, the total volume of blood in the circulation is constant. The total blood volume (BV) and the separate volumes of plasma and erythrocytes vary according to climatic conditions, in pregnancy and in the presence of disease. Such changes can have clinical significance although they ...
Heikkinen Tuija - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although citalopram has gained wide acceptance in the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders, its use during pregnancy and lactation has been poorly characterized. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of citalopram in relation to concentrations of citalopram and its metabolites during pregnancy ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between adenosine deaminase activity and plasma adenosine was examined in non-pregnancy as well as in singleton and twin pregnancies. METHODS: Whole-blood samples were taken from 11 singleton and 11 dichorionic twin pregnant women during the third trimester. The plasma adenosine levels were assayed with a modified high-performance ...
Power Lynsey L - - 2002
Regulation of the maternal immune response to the fetal allograft is essential for the success of pregnancy and delivery of a well-developed neonate. Numerous mechanisms have been postulated to mediate this. We hypothesised that the potent immunosuppressive molecules TGF-beta1 and IL-10 could contribute to this regulation in the mother and ...
Shord Stacy S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Both oxaliplatin and ormaplatin undergo biotransformation to Pt(dach)Cl2 with studies suggesting a predictive relationship between systemic exposure to Pt(dach)Cl2 and the severity of the delayed sensory neuropathy associated with ormaplatin. Studies characterizing the pharmacokinetic parameters of oxaliplatin and Pt(dach)Cl2 in humans have not been reported. This study was conducted ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between plasma ET-1 levels and T helper-1 (Th1):Th2 immunity in women with twin pregnancies. The percentage of Th1 and Th2 cells and the Th1:Th2 cell ratios in peripheral blood from 13 normal singleton pregnant women and 13 patients with twin ...
Seeber Ruth M - - 2002
Leptin, the 16-kDa peptide hormone product of the ob gene, regulates body weight via the hypothalamus but also influences several aspects of reproductive function. Results of previous studies have suggested that pregnancy is a state of leptin resistance, because food consumption remains stable or increases despite a progressive rise in ...
An T H - - 2002
TT-235 is a potent oxytocin (OT) antagonist that blocks the action of OT at the receptor level. Previous studies have shown that pregnant baboons demonstrate nocturnal uterine contractions induced by OT as they near delivery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in plasma OT levels following ...
Shetty Dhanashri N - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the levels of plasma neurotransmitters epinephrine, norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine with memory in healthy, pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty healthy, pregnant women were selected in the first trimester and followed in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Nonpregnant women served as controls. Epinephrine, norepinephrine, serotonin and ...
Ehrhardt Richard A - - 2002
To better understand the biology of leptin during prenatal life, the developmental and spatial regulation of leptin was studied in ovine fetuses. Fetal plasma leptin increased steadily between days 40 and 143 postcoitus (PC), but it was unrelated to fetal weight or placental weight at day 135 PC. Leptin gene ...
He Yan-Ling - - 2002
These results indicate that fetal exposure to propofol can vary considerably depending on maternal plasma albumin concentration. A fractional change in the maternal protein binding of propofol can result in a relatively large difference in fetal exposure.
Crocker I - - 2002
Hench considered that cortisone improved inflammatory joint symptoms during pregnancy and obstructive jaundice. However, the improved symptoms are probably due to changes in the proportions of fatty acids in plasma and inflammatory cell phospholipids. These changes decrease the superoxide anions and eicosanoids produced and also reduce tumour necrosis factor alpha ...
Molloy Anne M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the nutritional and genetic factors that influence fetal plasma homocysteine concentrations. STUDY DESIGN: Maternal and umbilical cord venous blood was taken from 201 women who were delivered after uncomplicated pregnancies of 37 to 41 gestational weeks. Red blood cell folate, plasma ...
Hiramatsu Takeshi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) is closely related with patients' hemodynamics after the Fontan procedure and endothelin-1 (ET-1) may play an important role in pulmonary circulation. Modified ultrafiltration (MUF) is known to remove inflammatory mediators after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. The time courses of plasma ET-1 and PVR were examined ...
Vallet J L - - 2002
The interrelationships among d-11 conceptus size, d-105 placental weight, placental efficiency (the ability of the placenta to support fetal growth and development), fetal erythropoiesis, and uterine capacity were examined in 1/2 Meishan, 1/2 White crossbred gilts that were unilaterally ovariohysterectomized at 90 to 100 d of age. In Exp. 1, ...
Pacora P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a relationship between the presence of histological signs of inflammation in the extraplacental membranes and umbilical cord and the concentrations of fetal plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6). METHODS: The study examined a cohort of patients who were admitted with preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of ...
Gamzu Ronni - - 2002
In order to differentiate between the contributions of cellular and plasmatic factors to the elevated aggregation in pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), we determined RBC aggregation in autologous plasma and in plasma-free medium. The aggregation was determined as a function of shear stress, to evaluate the strength of the intercellular interaction. These ...
Zhong Xiao Yan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Elevations in cell free fetal DNA has previously been determined in pregnancies affected by preeclampsia. A recent report has indicated that cell free fetal DNA concentrations are elevated early in pregnancy before disease onset. As we have recently performed a prospective study to examine fetal cell traffic in pregnancies ...
Ben-Haroush Avi - - 2002
Our aim was to investigate whether decreased levels of vitamin E can be measured during the early stages of pregnancy in women at risk of developing preeclampsia or other associated complications before the onset of the clinical syndrome. We prospectively measured the plasma concentrations of vitamin E in 62 pregnant ...
Axmon A - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to assess the association between 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (CB-153) in plasma, a biomarker of exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), and time to pregnancy (TTP) in a group of women with a varying dietary exposure to PCB. For 121 Swedish east coast fishermen's wives (median year of ...
McGladdery S H - - 2001
Pregnancy is associated with increases in plasma total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG). Individuals with decreased LPL activity have a mild form of hypertriglyceridemia. Variations in the apolipoprotein E (apoE) gene have been associated with increases in plasma TG in addition to differences in plasma TC, LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), and ...
Delanghe J R - - 2001
Hemopexin is a heme-binding plasma glycoprotein which, after haptoglobin, forms the second line of defense against hemoglobin-mediated oxidative damage during intravascular hemolysis. A decrease in plasma hemopexin concentration reflects a recent release of heme compounds in the extracellular compartment. Heme-hemopexin complexes are delivered to hepatocytes by receptor-mediated endocytosis after which ...
Spaanderman M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The majority of women with a history of preeclampsia have either an underlying thrombophilic disorder or a vascular disorder. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that only the latter condition predisposes for abnormal hemodynamic adaptation to pregnancy. METHODS: Thirty-seven formerly preeclamptic subjects were subdivided into a hypertensive (HYPERT, ...
Cotter A M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine if an elevated plasma homocysteine level in early pregnancy is associated with the development of severe preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Blood samples were obtained from patients attending their first antenatal visit. Cases were asymptomatic women who subsequently developed severe preeclampsia. Controls were ...
Rijnders R J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine first-trimester fetal sex by isolating free fetal DNA from maternal plasma. METHODS: The index case was a pregnant woman who previously delivered a girl with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The SRY gene as a marker for the fetal Y chromosome was detected in maternal serum and plasma by ...
Pertl B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review the potential clinical diagnostic applications of fetal DNA analysis in maternal plasma or serum for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis and screening. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a MEDLINE search of articles published between January 1970 and March 2000 using the key terms "fetal DNA," "plasma," and "serum." METHODS OF ...
Hahn S - - 2001
Elevations in the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma have recently been determined in various pregnancy-related disorders, including preeclampsia, preterm labor, and polyhydramnios. In addition, almost 2-fold increments in cell-free fetal DNA levels have been recorded in pregnancies with certain aneuploid fetuses, in particular trisomy 21. These findings ...
Smid M - - 2001
An increased fetal DNA concentration in maternal plasma has been observed in placental pathological conditions associated with hypertension and preeclampsia. To confirm these data, we performed real-time quantitative PCR on the SRY gene in a group of physiological and pathological male-bearing pregnancies. In 78 physiological pregnancies, fetal DNA concentration in ...
Laird S M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in humans and mice have suggested the importance of leptin in fetal growth. Recurrent miscarriage may be a result of abnormal placental and/or fetal development and therefore abnormal leptin levels may be associated with this form of pregnancy loss. METHODS: Leptin and leptin-binding activity (LBA) were measured ...
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