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Results 351 - 400 of 1112
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Mishra D P - - 2005
The objective of the present study was to validate a simple, sensitive and direct enzymeimmunoassay (EIA) procedure for 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF(2alpha) (PGFM) for use in buffaloes with postpartum reproductive disorders and determine the practicalities of using plasma concentrations of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF(2alpha) for monitoring their reproductive health. The EIA was used for determination of ...
Wolff Kim - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of plasma methadone concentration to investigate the rate of clearance of methadone prescribed for heroin dependence in the first, second and third trimesters of pregnancy. A secondary objective was to evaluate the outcome of pregnancy. METHODS: Longitudinal within subject study of nine pregnant opioid dependent subjects prescribed methadone ...
Osei-Kumah A - - 2006
Studies have shown that pregnancy can alter the pathophysiology of a pre-existing maternal disease such as asthma. However, the mechanisms that alter maternal asthma during pregnancy are presently unknown. Previous work has demonstrated that human bronchial smooth muscle (BSM) cells produce inflammatory factors in response to nonpregnant, atopic plasma. The ...
Chim Stephen S C - - 2005
The discovery of fetal DNA in the plasma of pregnant women has opened up new approaches for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis and monitoring. Up to now, the lack of a fetal DNA marker that can be universally detected in maternal plasma has limited the clinical application of this technology. We hypothesized ...
Molloy Anne M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the interactions between choline and folate and homocysteine metabolism during pregnancy despite the facts that pregnancy places considerable stress on maternal folate and choline stores and that choline is a critical nutrient for the fetus. Choline, via betaine, is an important folate-independent source of methyl ...
Hong Joon-Seok - - 2005
Pregnancy is associated with major changes in calcium metabolism because the neonatal skeleton contains approximately 30 g of calcium, which are largely deposited in the third trimester. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) acts as a decoy receptor for the "Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappaB Ligand" (RANKL), which is an essential factor for bone ...
Sram Radim J - - 2005
Folate plays an important role in the genomic stability of human cells. In our studies of the impact of environmental pollution on human health, we have found that air pollution can affect pregnancy outcome. As it may be also affected by nutrition, we examined the effect of plasma folate levels ...
Klimek Marek - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Normal function of the hypothalamo-adrenal axis is important for the regulation of feto-maternal intrauterine homeostasis including immunomodulating activity and may influence the timing of parturition. ACTH is produced during pregnancy by mother pituitary gland and by trophoblast cells, which are the place of oxytocinase production. Oxytocinase is basically secreted ...
Ichinose Akitada - - 2005
Transglutaminases are at least 9 enzymes which cross-link a number of proteins. This type of reaction not only enhances the original functions of substrate proteins, but also adds new functions to them. Factor XIII (FXIII) is a plasma transglutaminase circulating in blood as a heterotetramer and consisting of two catalytic ...
Petrenaite Vaiva - - 2005
Eleven pregnant women on lamotrigine (LTG) monotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. A significant decrease in the ratio of plasma LTG concentration-to-dose by 65.1% was observed during the second trimester (TM2) (p=0.0058) and by 65.8% during TM3 (p=0.0045) compared to pre-pregnancy values. Five patients experienced seizure deterioration during pregnancy. The pharmacokinetic changes ...
Zhu Bin - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To provide a new, reliable noninvasive method for fetal sex determination. METHODS: Fetal sex was detected in 32 early pregnant women by identifying the amelogenin gene in maternal plasma using nested PCR analysis. First, the 122/128 bp of X-Y homologous region containing 6 bp deletions in the intron 3 ...
Braekke Kristin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is associated with excessive inflammatory response compared with normal pregnancy. Calprotectin is an inflammation marker not previously explored in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Calprotectin in maternal and fetal plasma and amniotic fluid was investigated at cesarean delivery in normal pregnancies and preeclampsia. C-reactive protein (CRP) and plasminogen activator inhibitor ...
Donangelo Carmen M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Adjustments in zinc absorption and endogenous excretion maintain zinc homeostasis in nonpregnant adults fed low-zinc diets. The effects on zinc homeostasis of a low zinc intake during pregnancy and lactation have not been described in a longitudinal study. OBJECTIVE: We examined longitudinal changes in fractional zinc absorption (FZA) and ...
Arriaga-Pizano Lourdes - - 2005
Human pregnancy disorders such as preeclampsia are thought to involve variations in cytokine levels. It has been proposed that, in preeclamptic women, a balance favoring the Th1-type over the Th2-type cytokine profile determines local or systemic immunologic responses to pregnancy and that this may cause defective placental implantation and placental ...
Gnanalingham M G MG Centre for Reproduction and Early Life, Institute of Clinical Research, University of Nottingham NG7 2UH, - - 2005
The endocrine regulation of uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2), an inner mitochondrial protein, in fetal adipose tissue remains unclear. The present study aimed to determine if fetal plasma cortisol and triiodothyronine (T3) influenced the mRNA abundance of UCP2, glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11betaHSD1) and 2 (11betaHSD2) in fetal ...
Wang Cheng - - 2005
Leptin is one of the most important factors linking nutrition and reproduction. In the present study, plasma concentrations of leptin during pregnancy and early lactation in the Japanese monkey were determined. Plasma concentrations of gonadotropins, immunoreactive (ir-)inhibin, and steroid hormones were also measured. Plasma concentrations of leptin significantly increased during ...
Velzing-Aarts Francien V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Plasma concentrations of total homocysteine (tHcy) decrease during pregnancy. This reduction has been investigated in relation to folate status, but no study has addressed the possible role of betaine and its precursor choline. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the courses of plasma choline and betaine during normal human pregnancy and their ...
Caja Sergio - - 2005
Resistin has been proposed as both an anti-adipogenic factor and an inducer of insulin resistance. During late pregnancy, white adipose tissue mass increases and insulin sensitivity decreases. To check for the involvement of resistin in these processes, we measured plasma resistin in pregnant and non-pregnant rats and in lactating dams. ...
Ostrowski Sisse Rye - - 2005
BACKGROUND: High blood levels of soluble urokinase receptor (suPAR) measured by enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) (bulk measurement of 3-domain and 2-domain suPAR [suPAR(I-III), suPAR(II-III)], and suPAR(I-III) ligand complexes) strongly predict mortality in HIV-1-infected patients. This study investigated plasma levels of suPAR(I-III), suPAR(II-III), and 1-domain suPAR [suPAR(I)] and their predictive value for ...
Takahashi Yuri - - 2005
Propofol (PF), a highly lipophilic anesthetic, has several desirable properties, such as the rapid onset and cessation of its effects upon intravenous infusion. In this study, the transdermal absorption of PF was investigated with the aim of the development of an alternative route of administration. PF solutions containing isopropyl myristate ...
Quack Loetscher Katharina C - - 2005
Changes in the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems during pregnancy lead to a higher risk of thromboembolism. These changes include the increase of many clotting factors, as well as a significant fall in activity of fibrinolytic proteins, such as protein C. Protein Z is a vitamin-K-dependent plasma glycoprotein and inhibits the ...
Richani Karina - - 2005
The complement system, a major component of innate immunity, has recently been implicated in the mechanisms of fetal loss and placental inflammation in the anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome. Inhibition of complement has been proposed as an absolute requirement for normal pregnancy. Yet, pregnancy is characterized by a generalized activation of the ...
Grant P A - - 2005
Blood IGF-I concentrations are persistently elevated throughout pregnancy in humans and guinea pigs and may regulate substrate partitioning between mother and conceptus. In the guinea pig, liver and adipose tissue have recently been suggested to contribute to the increased levels of circulating IGF-I in mid-pregnancy, but whether this persists in ...
Ojule A C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in Caucasian women is known to be associated with hyperlipidaemia. In a background of poor socio-economic conditions, early marriage, poor acceptance of contraceptives, poor spacing of pregnancies, high fertility rate and poor maternal and child health indices, this study was designed to investigate the pattern and degree of ...
Ropstad E - - 2005
The endocrinology was studied throughout pregnancy in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) located in Oulu, Finland (65 degrees N, 25 degrees E) with 13 captive, semi domestic adult females. Blood samples were analyzed for plasma progesterone (P4), estradiol (E2) and estrone sulphate (E1SO4), 15-ketodihydro-PGF2alpha (PG-metabolite) and pregnancy associated glycoproteins (PAG). The ...
Hromadnikova Ilona - - 2005
We assessed the feasibility of fetal RHD and RHCE genotyping by analysis of DNA extracted from plasma samples of RhD-negative pregnant women using real-time PCR and primers and probes targeted toward RHD and RHCE genes. We analyzed 45 pregnant women in the 11th to 40th weeks of pregnancy and correlated ...
Bar-Or David - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We investigated cysteinylation of maternal plasma albumin in an observational study of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). High-risk pregnancies and uteroplacental insufficiency (UPI) have been associated with elevated levels of homocysteine, and, in oxidizing environments, homocysteine is converted to cysteine, resulting in cysteinylation of proteins. METHODS: The study population included ...
Holthe Mette Ree - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Calprotectin is a protein found in myelomonocytic cells and plays a role in various physiological functions such as inflammatory processes and antiproliferation of cells, and in the neutrophil defense against bacterial infections. Preeclampsia is characterized by maternal endothelial dysfunction and by insufficient trophoblast invasion into the maternal endometrium (decidua). ...
Wataganara Tuangsit - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether laser thermocoagulation for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) causes increased cell-free fetal DNA levels in maternal plasma, potentially as a result of placental injury. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled 34 patients with twin pregnancies complicated by severe TTTS who underwent fetoscopic selective laser ablation ...
Xu Zhice - - 2005
Our previous studies have shown that central administration of angiotensin II (ANG II) causes vasopressin release in the near-term fetus in utero as evidence that the hypothalamic-neurohypophysial system has relatively matured before birth. However, it is still unknown whether the vasopressin controlling centers have been functionally developed in younger fetuses. ...
Badiou Stéphanie - - 2005
Imipenem (thienamycin formamidine), a broad-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic, is always used in combination with cilastatin in order to avoid the premature breakdown of imipenem by renal tubular dipeptidase. As this dipeptidase also hydrolyzes the glutathione metabolite cysteinylglycine, the therapeutic association of imipenem and cilastatin might cause an accumulation of the aminothiol ...
Qin Qiu-Ping - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the blood of pregnant women, pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) is present as a covalent complex with the proform of eosinophil major basic protein (proMBP). Recently, increased serum concentrations of PAPP-A have been found in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The aim of this study was to investigate whether ...
Fait V - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The cause of elevated blood leukocyte count in pregnancy is unknown. We hypothesized that priming of peripheral polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) caused this elevation. METHODS: Eleven women in the first trimester of pregnancy were included in this prospective study. Peripheral venous blood was drawn twice from each woman, before and ...
Teran Enrique - - 2005
Preeclampsia is a common (approximately 7% of all pregnancies) disorder of pregnancy in which the normal hemodynamic response to pregnancy is compromised. Despite many years of intensive research, the pathogenesis of preeclampsia is still not fully understood. The objective of the present study was to investigate the levels of coenzyme ...
Alebic-Juretic Ana - - 2005
Copper is an essential element required for the formation of many enzymes with important roles in the human body. During pregnancy, the maternal serum copper concentration is increased due to the higher levels of ceruloplasmin that are the result of elevated oestrogen levels. The aim of this work was to ...
Bollini A - - 2005
During normal pregnancy the cardiovascular system undergoes extensive changes. In a previous work we demonstrated the role of the haemorheological profile as predictor of hypertensive gestational disorders through a retrospective study. In an attempt to clarify the rheological characteristics during normal gestation, blood and plasma viscosity, erythrocyte deformability and aggregation, ...
Gandley Robin E - - 2005
S-nitrosoalbumin (SNO-Alb) is a major reservoir of releasable nitric oxide (NO) in plasma. In preeclampsia, a pregnancy-specific disorder associated with endothelial dysfunction, we previously found significant elevations in plasma SNO-Alb concentrations and decreased plasma ascorbate (Asc) levels. This increased SNO-Alb may result from low-plasma Asc if Asc, along with transition ...
Barros Nilana M T - - 2004
Plasma kallikrein plays a role in coagulation, fibrinolysis and inflammation. Cathepsins B and L participate in (patho)physiological processes such as peptide antigen processing, tissue remodeling events, protein turnover in cells, hormone processing and tumor invasion. The present work analyzes the processing of prekallikrein/kallikrein by lysosomal cathepsins. Prekallikrein is not hydrolyzed ...
Harper Terry C - - 2004
Determination of the fetal RhD typing using free fetal DNA in maternal plasma is beginning to enjoy widespread acceptance in Europe. Case 1, the partner of an RhD-sensitized patient, was identified with a heterozygous paternal phenotype by serologic testing. Maternal plasma was drawn at 18 weeks' gestation to determine the ...
Téllez-Rojo Martha María - - 2004
The authors tested the hypotheses that maternal bone lead burden is associated with increasing maternal whole blood and plasma lead levels over the course of pregnancy and that this association is modified by rates of maternal bone resorption. A total of 193 Mexican women were evaluated (1997-1999) in the first, ...
Altemus Margaret - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Little is known about changes in brain function that may occur during pregnancy. Studies in rodents and sheep suggest that several brain neurotransmitter and neurohormonal systems known to modulate anxiety may be altered during pregnancy. METHODS: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma samples were obtained from 21 women (during weeks ...
Tarantino M D - - 2004
The efficacy and safety of an advanced category recombinant antihaemophilic factor produced by a plasma- and albumin-free method (rAHF-PFM) was studied in 111 previously treated subjects with haemophilia A. The study comprised a randomized, double-blinded, crossover pharmacokinetic comparison of rAHF-PFM and RECOMBINATE rAHF (R-FVIII); prophylaxis (three to four times per ...
Khosrotehrani Kiarash - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cell-free fetal DNA (fDNA) can be detected in maternal plasma throughout human pregnancy and is rapidly cleared after delivery. fDNA measurement has clinical application in many complications of pregnancy. Our aim was to determine if fDNA could be detected in maternal plasma during pregnancy in a mouse model system. ...
Brandon Esther F A - - 2004
Thiocoraline is a potent new marine anti-cancer drug in vitro, which will be tested in phase I clinical studies shortly. To assess the biotransformation and the potential implications for human pharmacology and toxicology, the in vitro metabolism of thiocoraline was characterized using human plasma, human liver preparations, cytochrome P450 (CYP) ...
Murphy Christopher R - - 2004
This review begins with a brief commentary on the diversity of placentation mechanisms, and then goes on to examine the extensive alterations which occur in the plasma membrane of uterine epithelial cells during early pregnancy across species. Ultrastructural, biochemical and more general morphological data reveal that strikingly common phenomena occur ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2004
We have observed that the elevated plasma adenosine levels are associated with hyperuricemia in nonpreeclamptic twin pregnancies. In animal models, extracellular adenosine is taken up by cells to form adenine nucleotides or is degraded to other purine metabolites such as hypoxanthine, which is further metabolized to xanthine and uric acid. ...
Brosnihan K B - - 2004
Pregnancy is a physiological condition characterized by a progressive increase of the different components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The physiological consequences of the stimulated RAS in normal pregnancy are incompletely understood, and even less understood is the question of how this system may be altered and contribute to the ...
Sliwa Karen - - 2004
Subsequent pregnancy in 6 patients with previous peripartum cardiomyopathy resulted in reduction of ejection fraction by >10% in 5 patients at 1 month postpartum. Two patients with impaired ejection fraction at onset of subsequent pregnancy died 3 months postpartum due to heart failure despite optimal medical therapy. Deterioration of left ...
Chiu Rossa W K - - 2004
It has been several years since the presence of fetal DNA in maternal plasma was first discovered. Numerous potential applications have been reported to date. However, the study of maternal plasma for the prenatal diagnosis of fetal genetic traits has largely centered on paternally inherited autosomal dominant traits. Recently, a ...
Stepan H - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether pathological perfusion in the second trimester is characterized by an altered plasma antioxidant capacity and to investigate whether the total antioxidant capacity in maternal plasma is related to the clinical outcome of these high-risk pregnancies. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study that included 25 pregnancies ...
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