Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1078
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Teran Enrique - - 2005
Preeclampsia is a common (approximately 7% of all pregnancies) disorder of pregnancy in which the normal hemodynamic response to pregnancy is compromised. Despite many years of intensive research, the pathogenesis of preeclampsia is still not fully understood. The objective of the present study was to investigate the levels of coenzyme ...
Alebic-Juretic Ana - - 2005
Copper is an essential element required for the formation of many enzymes with important roles in the human body. During pregnancy, the maternal serum copper concentration is increased due to the higher levels of ceruloplasmin that are the result of elevated oestrogen levels. The aim of this work was to ...
Gandley Robin E - - 2005
S-nitrosoalbumin (SNO-Alb) is a major reservoir of releasable nitric oxide (NO) in plasma. In preeclampsia, a pregnancy-specific disorder associated with endothelial dysfunction, we previously found significant elevations in plasma SNO-Alb concentrations and decreased plasma ascorbate (Asc) levels. This increased SNO-Alb may result from low-plasma Asc if Asc, along with transition ...
Harper Terry C - - 2004
Determination of the fetal RhD typing using free fetal DNA in maternal plasma is beginning to enjoy widespread acceptance in Europe. Case 1, the partner of an RhD-sensitized patient, was identified with a heterozygous paternal phenotype by serologic testing. Maternal plasma was drawn at 18 weeks' gestation to determine the ...
Barros Nilana M T - - 2004
Plasma kallikrein plays a role in coagulation, fibrinolysis and inflammation. Cathepsins B and L participate in (patho)physiological processes such as peptide antigen processing, tissue remodeling events, protein turnover in cells, hormone processing and tumor invasion. The present work analyzes the processing of prekallikrein/kallikrein by lysosomal cathepsins. Prekallikrein is not hydrolyzed ...
Téllez-Rojo Martha María - - 2004
The authors tested the hypotheses that maternal bone lead burden is associated with increasing maternal whole blood and plasma lead levels over the course of pregnancy and that this association is modified by rates of maternal bone resorption. A total of 193 Mexican women were evaluated (1997-1999) in the first, ...
Altemus Margaret - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Little is known about changes in brain function that may occur during pregnancy. Studies in rodents and sheep suggest that several brain neurotransmitter and neurohormonal systems known to modulate anxiety may be altered during pregnancy. METHODS: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma samples were obtained from 21 women (during weeks ...
Tarantino M D - - 2004
The efficacy and safety of an advanced category recombinant antihaemophilic factor produced by a plasma- and albumin-free method (rAHF-PFM) was studied in 111 previously treated subjects with haemophilia A. The study comprised a randomized, double-blinded, crossover pharmacokinetic comparison of rAHF-PFM and RECOMBINATE rAHF (R-FVIII); prophylaxis (three to four times per ...
Khosrotehrani Kiarash - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cell-free fetal DNA (fDNA) can be detected in maternal plasma throughout human pregnancy and is rapidly cleared after delivery. fDNA measurement has clinical application in many complications of pregnancy. Our aim was to determine if fDNA could be detected in maternal plasma during pregnancy in a mouse model system. ...
Murphy Christopher R - - 2004
This review begins with a brief commentary on the diversity of placentation mechanisms, and then goes on to examine the extensive alterations which occur in the plasma membrane of uterine epithelial cells during early pregnancy across species. Ultrastructural, biochemical and more general morphological data reveal that strikingly common phenomena occur ...
Brandon Esther F A - - 2004
Thiocoraline is a potent new marine anti-cancer drug in vitro, which will be tested in phase I clinical studies shortly. To assess the biotransformation and the potential implications for human pharmacology and toxicology, the in vitro metabolism of thiocoraline was characterized using human plasma, human liver preparations, cytochrome P450 (CYP) ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2004
We have observed that the elevated plasma adenosine levels are associated with hyperuricemia in nonpreeclamptic twin pregnancies. In animal models, extracellular adenosine is taken up by cells to form adenine nucleotides or is degraded to other purine metabolites such as hypoxanthine, which is further metabolized to xanthine and uric acid. ...
Brosnihan K B - - 2004
Pregnancy is a physiological condition characterized by a progressive increase of the different components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The physiological consequences of the stimulated RAS in normal pregnancy are incompletely understood, and even less understood is the question of how this system may be altered and contribute to the ...
Masuda Junko - - 2004
Annexin (Anx) V is pivotal in the maintenance of pregnancy by preventing the activation of blood coagulation. The homology of the amino acid sequence between Anx IV and Anx V is highest in Anx family proteins. However, little is known about the roles of Anx IV in pregnancy. The aim ...
Stepan H - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether pathological perfusion in the second trimester is characterized by an altered plasma antioxidant capacity and to investigate whether the total antioxidant capacity in maternal plasma is related to the clinical outcome of these high-risk pregnancies. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study that included 25 pregnancies ...
Wataganara Tuangsit - - 2004
Analysis of cell-free fetal DNA (fDNA) and RNA in maternal plasma could be useful in the diagnosis and management of complications of pregnancy. In this review, we discuss our studies to investigate the potential of fetal nucleic acid measurement in maternal plasma as a marker of fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) after ...
Chiu Rossa W K - - 2004
It has been several years since the presence of fetal DNA in maternal plasma was first discovered. Numerous potential applications have been reported to date. However, the study of maternal plasma for the prenatal diagnosis of fetal genetic traits has largely centered on paternally inherited autosomal dominant traits. Recently, a ...
Sliwa Karen - - 2004
Subsequent pregnancy in 6 patients with previous peripartum cardiomyopathy resulted in reduction of ejection fraction by >10% in 5 patients at 1 month postpartum. Two patients with impaired ejection fraction at onset of subsequent pregnancy died 3 months postpartum due to heart failure despite optimal medical therapy. Deterioration of left ...
Chanoine Jean-Pierre - - 2004
Ghrelin is an orexigenic peptide secreted mainly by the stomach in adult rats. Ghrelin concentrations increase with fasting and decrease after food intake. Ghrelin is also present in the placenta and in the fetal stomach, but the role of fetal ghrelin remains unclear. In this study, we compared changes in ...
Prickett Timothy C R - - 2004
We have identified recently a new peptide, NT-proCNP(1-50) (N-terminal pro-C-type natriuretic peptide), in the circulation of humans and sheep. A previous report of an elevated fetal-maternal gradient in immunoreactive CNP raised the possibility that processing and metabolism of proCNP may differ in maternal and fetal tissues. We therefore collected matching ...
Jolly M - - 2004
Plasma amino acid concentrations decrease in pregnancy despite increased requirements for both maternal and fetal protein accretion. There are few published data on changes in amino acid turnover in pregnancy. The aim of this study is to test the hypotheses that (1) whole body nonoxidative leucine disposal (NOLD) is higher ...
Veselský L - - 2004
The immunosuppressive fraction (ISF) of boar seminal vesicle fluid was recently demonstrated to inhibit production of T helper (Th)1 cytokines and enhance production of Th2 cytokines. The present study shows the effect of the ISF on leptin concentrations in blood plasma and adipose tissue in mice during pregnancy. The ISF ...
Shimada Keiko - - 2004
AIM: A number of studies for the measurement of cell-free fetal DNA in maternal blood have been reported; however, their clinical significance has remained unclear. We proposed to clarify the relationship between fetal DNA levels and obstetrical disorders. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-five cases of normal pregnancy, ranging from 8 ...
Farina Antonio - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine (1) if fetal DNA (fDNA) in the maternal circulation in women affected by preeclampsia correlates with the time elapsed from the onset of symptoms to the time of blood collection, and (2) if the inclusion of this variable improves the discrimination between affected and unaffected patients by ...
Ebuehi, OAT; Department of ...
Oxidative stress during the various trimesters of pregnancy in humans was investigated. Venous blood was taken from 30 pregnant women, comprising 10 each at first, second and third trimesters. Additionally, blood was taken from 10 non-pregnant women, and was used as control. The plasma was quickly extracted and assayed for ...
Qiu Chunfang - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests that leptin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, may have independent direct effects on both insulin secretion and action, in addition to its well documented effects on appetite and energy expenditure. Some, but not all, previously published studies suggest that maternal leptin concentrations may be increased in pregnancies complicated ...
D'Anna Rosario - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Elevated circulating homocysteine is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Increased homocysteine plasma levels have been reported to occur in approximately 20-30% of women with preeclampsia and it has been suggested that they may predict the subsequent development of preeclampsia. METHODS: In a cohort of 1874 pregnant women ...
H.E. Mohamed
Plasma vitamin C concentrations were determined in Saanen and Nubian goats kept in Sudan and while they were either pregnant or lactating. The plasma vitamin C concentrations were lower during pregnancy than during either pre-pregnancy or lactation. The concentrations were lower in the Saanen than in the Nubian goats. Vitamin ...
Rouillac-Le Sciellour Christelle - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The routine prenatal determination of fetal RhD blood group would be very useful in the management of pregnancies in RhD-negative women, as up to 40% of these pregnancies bear a RhD-negative fetus. The fetal DNA present in maternal plasma offers an opportunity for risk-free prenatal diagnosis. AIM: This study ...
Chao Jane C-J - - 2004
This study investigated the effect of supplementation with chicken extract on plasma and colostrum protein compositions in lactating women. Thirty healthy pregnant women were evenly divided into the control (n = 15) or chicken extract (CE) group (n = 15). The CE group was given one bottle (70 mL/bottle) of ...
Patrick Thelma E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that race-specific lipid changes in pregnancy could predispose to oxidative stress and might increase the risk of preeclampsia for black women. STUDY DESIGN: Blood samples were obtained at five time points in pregnancy and postpartum for 15 black and 15 white women with normal pregnancy. ...
Sanjurjo Pablo - - 2004
The nutritional significance of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPS) during the perinatal period is becoming increasingly important. There are currently very few studies on dietary intervention during gestation. The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation during pregnancy on levels in both the ...
Krauss Thomas - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze if levels of plasma PlGF in the second half of pregnancy have predictive value for the identification of women destined to develop preeclampsia or another complication of pregnancy. Material and METHODS: A bank of 1.543 randomly collected plasma samples (22-29 weeks ...
Laskowska Marzena - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to evaluate maternal serum angiotensin I, angiotensin II and aldosterone level, plasma renin activity, angiotensin converting enzyme activity in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia with and without intrauterine growth retardation. The study was carried out on 26 patients with singleton pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia (group ...
Wickström K - - 2004
During pregnancy, significant changes occur in the hemostatic system and in the plasma levels for several plasma proteins, especially towards term. In this study changes occurring during normal pregnancy and immediately postpartum were investigated to establish adequate reference intervals for important hemostatic parameters. Blood samples were collected during pregnancy weeks ...
Teran Enrique - - 2003
Preeclampsia is a common ( approximately 7% of all pregnancies) disorder of human pregnancy in which the normal hemodynamic response to pregnancy is compromised. Despite many years of intensive research, the pathogenesis of preeclampsia is still not fully understood. The objective of the present study was to investigate the concentration ...
Bustard Mark A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the maternal and fetal steady-state concentrations of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) and its dinitrate metabolites during transdermal administration, at the time of fetal blood sampling for obstetric indications. STUDY DESIGN: Transdermal GTN (0.4 mg/h) was applied approximately 2 hours before investigative fetal blood sampling ...
Ladella Subhashini J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: In humans and rats, pregnancy-associated maternal plasma volume expansion and plasma hypotonicity may facilitate maternal-to-fetal water transfer. Although reduced amniotic fluid volume occurs commonly in postterm pregnancy, the mechanisms are unknown. We previously demonstrated a reversal of pregnancy-induced maternal plasma hypotonicity that occurs in the near term (20 days) ...
Aardenburg Robert - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: A large number of women with a history of pre-eclampsia/HELLP have a low plasma volume at least six months postpartum. The objective of this study was to determine whether a low plasma volume in formerly pre-eclamptic women and HELLP patients is associated with an increased risk for recurrent hypertensive ...
Goodrum Linda A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare second-trimester, third-trimester, and postpartum arginine flux and nitric oxide production using infusions of the stable isotope L-[(15)N(2)]-arginine in normal human gestation. METHODS: Kinetic measurements were made in pregnant volunteers with uncomplicated singleton gestations in mid gestation, late gestation, and more than 8 weeks postpartum. A bolus of ...
Shi Lijun - - 2003
The effect of intravenous angiotensin II (ANG II) on fetal brain c-fos expression and arginine vasopressin (AVP) release was studied in the near-term ovine fetus. Fetuses with chronically implanted catheters received an intravenous infusion of ANG II or saline. Fetal plasma AVP concentrations were significantly increased after the peripheral administration ...
Cotter Amanda M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We have recently demonstrated that an elevated plasma homocysteine in early pregnancy is associated with the development of severe preeclampsia. The aim of this study was to determine whether an elevated plasma homocysteine in early pregnancy is also associated with the development of nonsevere preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Blood was ...
Nuamah Mercy A - - 2003
To clarify the mechanism of leptin resistance during pregnancy, we measured plasma leptin concentrations, free to total leptin ratio (percent free leptin) and soluble leptin receptor concentrations in pregnant women, and compared the results with those in non-pregnant women. We collected plasma samples from 23 non-pregnant and 31 pregnant women ...
Manten G T R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Elevated plasma concentrations of lipoprotein(a) are associated with an increased risk for development of atherosclerosis. High lipoprotein(a) concentrations may also be associated with pregnancy-induced hypertension and pre-eclampsia, but reference data on the course of lipoprotein(a) during uneventful pregnancies are limited and questionable. METHODS: We studied plasma lipoprotein(a) concentrations in ...
Nakatsuka Mikiya - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate vascular changes and uterine perfusion in women with recurrent pregnancy loss. METHODS: We measured plasma levels of adrenomedullin of 100 pregnant women in the midluteal phase of a nonpregnant cycle (control group: n = 62; recurrent pregnancy loss group: n = 38). We measured the pulsatility index ...
Tungwiwat Warunee - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In order to provide a reliable non-invasive method for fetal sex determination in a routine setting, we evaluated the possibility of identifying the fetal Y chromosome-specific sequence in maternal plasma using conventional PCR analysis. METHODS: Fetal gender was determined in 31 pregnant women including one with a dizygotic twin ...
Steinborn A - - 2003
During pregnancy the fetus represents a semi-allograft. Both membrane-bound and soluble forms of the nonclassic human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G protect the fetus from maternal immune attack. To assess the relevance of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) levels in the maternal circulation for the occurrence of characteristic pregnancy disorders, we analyzed sHLA-G plasma ...
Radunovic N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation of fetal and maternal plasma leptin concentrations during the second half of uncomplicated, euploid pregnancies and to compare these values with those obtained from pregnancies with Down syndrome. METHODS: Paired maternal venous and fetal umbilical blood samples were obtained during cordocentesis in 36 uncomplicated, euploid ...
Whyatt Robin M - - 2003
We have measured 29 pesticides in plasma samples collected at birth between 1998 and 2001 from 230 mother and newborn pairs enrolled in the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health prospective cohort study. Our prior research has shown widespread pesticide use during pregnancy among this urban minority cohort from New ...
Powers Robert W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that, regardless of the presence of the 677 C-T methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutation, maternal homocysteine concentrations will not be significantly different in women who are taking prenatal vitamins containing folic acid, and to test this relationship in preeclampsia because homocysteine concentrations are higher in preeclamptic ...
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