Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1078
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Charles Bruce - - 2006
The pharmacokinetic disposition of metformin in late pregnancy was studied together with the level of fetal exposure at birth. Blood samples were obtained in the third trimester of pregnancy from women with gestational diabetes or type 2 diabetes; 5 had a previous diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome. A cord blood ...
Othmani-Mecif, Khira
Adaptation to pregnancy involves major maternal anatomical, physiological and metabolic modifications to support the mother's metabolic needs and those of the growing foetus. Invasion of embryonic territories and implantation in humans and other mammals is the result of an active biochemical process. The invasive faculty of cytotrophoblastic cells depends on ...
Bromfield, John James
The cellular and molecular environment of the uterus during the pre - and peri - implantation period of early pregnancy is critical for implantation success and optimal fetal and placental development. Perturbations to this environment not only have consequences for the success of pregnancy and neonatal health and viability, but ...
Faiko─člu Rehat - - 2006
This study was undertaken to investigate the relation of plasma lead levels, and early pregnancy losses. The concentration of lead in the plasma was measured in 20 women with a history of pregnancy loss before the 20th gestational week, and the results were compared with 20 control patients with viable ...
Aydin Tahsin - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate maternal plasma total fibronectin values in pregnancy-associated hypertension in women in the third trimester of pregnancy. A total of 125 pregnant women at the 24th week of gestation participated in this study. Nonpregnant normotensive women were included as control group (n = ...
Zhong Xiao Yan - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We have recently observed that fetal DNA and fetal corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) mRNA are associated with in vitro generated syncytiotrophoblast-derived microparticles, and that the ratio of fetal DNA to mRNA (CRH) varied according to whether the particles were derived by predominantly apoptotic, apo-necrotic or necrotic pathways. Hence, we examined ...
Roes Eva Maria - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To study the possible involvement of an (im)balance between oxidants and antioxidants in pre-eclampsia concentrations of intra- and extracellular blood antioxidants in women with uncomplicated and hypertensive pregnancies, they were studied preconceptionally and throughout pregnancy. METHODS: In uncomplicated pregnancies (n = 19) and hypertensive pregnancies (n = 6) concentrations ...
Opydo-Szymaczek J - - 2006
The aim of the study was to assess the fluoride exposure of pregnant women living in Poznan (Poland) by examination of fluoride levels in blood plasma. The subjects of the study were 31 pregnant women aged 22-34 years in the course of regular pregnancy. Data concerning the sources of fluoride ...
Ferré-Ybarz L - - 2006
Human seminal plasma allergy in women is an uncommon phenomenon. A great variety of reactions ranging from local swelling to generalized systemic reactions have been described, and local symptoms have often been misdiagnosed as chronic vulvovaginitis. Sperm barriers, such as condoms, are the most widely advocated method for avoiding these ...
Hristoskova Sashka - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Maternal serum concentrations of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) have recently been reported to be elevated in cases with preeclampsia. These findings may be important in increasing our understanding of the underlying events leading to the development of preeclampsia, as this cytokine is also expressed in the placenta, where ...
Chernodub M N - - 2005
We propose a new class of defects in QCD which can be viewed as embedded monopoles made of quark and gluon fields. These objects are explicitly gauge invariant and they closely resemble the Nambu monopoles in the standard electroweak model. We argue that the "embedded QCD monopoles" are proliferating in ...
Harsem Nina K - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Isoprostanes are stable markers of oxidative stress. We wanted to assess maternal circulating levels of total 8-isoprostane and indices of antioxidant capacity in preeclampsia compared to uneventful pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Total 8-isoprostane concentrations, FRAP (ferric reducing ability of plasma), Vitamin E and d-ROM (diacron reactive oxygen metabolites) were measured ...
Pasquier Elisabeth - - 2005
The mechanisms responsible for pregnancy loss have not all been elucidated. CD146 is a cell adhesion molecule involved in the control of both endothelium integrity and intermediate trophoblast invasiveness, two potential key features in the pathogenesis of pregnancy loss. As CD146 is detectable as a soluble form in the plasma ...
Tomson Torbjörn - - 2005
Alterations in drug disposition in pregnancy and drug transfer into breast milk during lactation are the most important gender-related aspects of the pharmacokinetics of antiepileptic drugs(AEDs). The effect of pregnancy on drug disposition has been fairly well characterized for the old AEDs. Total and unbound plasma concentrations of phenobarbital decline ...
Hromadnikova I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In this prospective study, we assessed the feasibility of fetal RH genotyping by analysis of DNA extracted from maternal plasma samples of alloimmunized pregnant women using real-time PCR and primers and probes targeted toward RHD (exon 7 and exon 10) and RHCE (intron 2 and exon 5) genes. METHODS: ...
Gossell-Williams M - - 2005
Choline is an essential nutrient for humans and its availability during pregnancy is important for optimal fetal development. The Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine in the United States of America has set the adequate choline intake during pregnancy at 450 mg/day. There is limited data available ...
Mishra D P - - 2005
The objective of the present study was to validate a simple, sensitive and direct enzymeimmunoassay (EIA) procedure for 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF(2alpha) (PGFM) for use in buffaloes with postpartum reproductive disorders and determine the practicalities of using plasma concentrations of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF(2alpha) for monitoring their reproductive health. The EIA was used for determination of ...
Wolff Kim - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of plasma methadone concentration to investigate the rate of clearance of methadone prescribed for heroin dependence in the first, second and third trimesters of pregnancy. A secondary objective was to evaluate the outcome of pregnancy. METHODS: Longitudinal within subject study of nine pregnant opioid dependent subjects prescribed methadone ...
Osei-Kumah A - - 2006
Studies have shown that pregnancy can alter the pathophysiology of a pre-existing maternal disease such as asthma. However, the mechanisms that alter maternal asthma during pregnancy are presently unknown. Previous work has demonstrated that human bronchial smooth muscle (BSM) cells produce inflammatory factors in response to nonpregnant, atopic plasma. The ...
Chim Stephen S C - - 2005
The discovery of fetal DNA in the plasma of pregnant women has opened up new approaches for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis and monitoring. Up to now, the lack of a fetal DNA marker that can be universally detected in maternal plasma has limited the clinical application of this technology. We hypothesized ...
Molloy Anne M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the interactions between choline and folate and homocysteine metabolism during pregnancy despite the facts that pregnancy places considerable stress on maternal folate and choline stores and that choline is a critical nutrient for the fetus. Choline, via betaine, is an important folate-independent source of methyl ...
Hong Joon-Seok - - 2005
Pregnancy is associated with major changes in calcium metabolism because the neonatal skeleton contains approximately 30 g of calcium, which are largely deposited in the third trimester. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) acts as a decoy receptor for the "Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappaB Ligand" (RANKL), which is an essential factor for bone ...
Sram Radim J - - 2005
Folate plays an important role in the genomic stability of human cells. In our studies of the impact of environmental pollution on human health, we have found that air pollution can affect pregnancy outcome. As it may be also affected by nutrition, we examined the effect of plasma folate levels ...
Ichinose Akitada - - 2005
Transglutaminases are at least 9 enzymes which cross-link a number of proteins. This type of reaction not only enhances the original functions of substrate proteins, but also adds new functions to them. Factor XIII (FXIII) is a plasma transglutaminase circulating in blood as a heterotetramer and consisting of two catalytic ...
Klimek Marek - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Normal function of the hypothalamo-adrenal axis is important for the regulation of feto-maternal intrauterine homeostasis including immunomodulating activity and may influence the timing of parturition. ACTH is produced during pregnancy by mother pituitary gland and by trophoblast cells, which are the place of oxytocinase production. Oxytocinase is basically secreted ...
Donangelo Carmen M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Adjustments in zinc absorption and endogenous excretion maintain zinc homeostasis in nonpregnant adults fed low-zinc diets. The effects on zinc homeostasis of a low zinc intake during pregnancy and lactation have not been described in a longitudinal study. OBJECTIVE: We examined longitudinal changes in fractional zinc absorption (FZA) and ...
Braekke Kristin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is associated with excessive inflammatory response compared with normal pregnancy. Calprotectin is an inflammation marker not previously explored in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Calprotectin in maternal and fetal plasma and amniotic fluid was investigated at cesarean delivery in normal pregnancies and preeclampsia. C-reactive protein (CRP) and plasminogen activator inhibitor ...
Arriaga-Pizano Lourdes - - 2005
Human pregnancy disorders such as preeclampsia are thought to involve variations in cytokine levels. It has been proposed that, in preeclamptic women, a balance favoring the Th1-type over the Th2-type cytokine profile determines local or systemic immunologic responses to pregnancy and that this may cause defective placental implantation and placental ...
Zhu Bin - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To provide a new, reliable noninvasive method for fetal sex determination. METHODS: Fetal sex was detected in 32 early pregnant women by identifying the amelogenin gene in maternal plasma using nested PCR analysis. First, the 122/128 bp of X-Y homologous region containing 6 bp deletions in the intron 3 ...
Petrenaite Vaiva - - 2005
Eleven pregnant women on lamotrigine (LTG) monotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. A significant decrease in the ratio of plasma LTG concentration-to-dose by 65.1% was observed during the second trimester (TM2) (p=0.0058) and by 65.8% during TM3 (p=0.0045) compared to pre-pregnancy values. Five patients experienced seizure deterioration during pregnancy. The pharmacokinetic changes ...
Gnanalingham M G - - 2005
The endocrine regulation of uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2), an inner mitochondrial protein, in fetal adipose tissue remains unclear. The present study aimed to determine if fetal plasma cortisol and triiodothyronine (T3) influenced the mRNA abundance of UCP2, glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11betaHSD1) and 2 (11betaHSD2) in fetal ...
Wang Cheng - - 2005
Leptin is one of the most important factors linking nutrition and reproduction. In the present study, plasma concentrations of leptin during pregnancy and early lactation in the Japanese monkey were determined. Plasma concentrations of gonadotropins, immunoreactive (ir-)inhibin, and steroid hormones were also measured. Plasma concentrations of leptin significantly increased during ...
Caja Sergio - - 2005
Resistin has been proposed as both an anti-adipogenic factor and an inducer of insulin resistance. During late pregnancy, white adipose tissue mass increases and insulin sensitivity decreases. To check for the involvement of resistin in these processes, we measured plasma resistin in pregnant and non-pregnant rats and in lactating dams. ...
Velzing-Aarts Francien V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Plasma concentrations of total homocysteine (tHcy) decrease during pregnancy. This reduction has been investigated in relation to folate status, but no study has addressed the possible role of betaine and its precursor choline. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the courses of plasma choline and betaine during normal human pregnancy and their ...
Takahashi Yuri - - 2005
Propofol (PF), a highly lipophilic anesthetic, has several desirable properties, such as the rapid onset and cessation of its effects upon intravenous infusion. In this study, the transdermal absorption of PF was investigated with the aim of the development of an alternative route of administration. PF solutions containing isopropyl myristate ...
Ostrowski Sisse Rye - - 2005
BACKGROUND: High blood levels of soluble urokinase receptor (suPAR) measured by enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) (bulk measurement of 3-domain and 2-domain suPAR [suPAR(I-III), suPAR(II-III)], and suPAR(I-III) ligand complexes) strongly predict mortality in HIV-1-infected patients. This study investigated plasma levels of suPAR(I-III), suPAR(II-III), and 1-domain suPAR [suPAR(I)] and their predictive value for ...
Ojule A C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in Caucasian women is known to be associated with hyperlipidaemia. In a background of poor socio-economic conditions, early marriage, poor acceptance of contraceptives, poor spacing of pregnancies, high fertility rate and poor maternal and child health indices, this study was designed to investigate the pattern and degree of ...
Quack Loetscher Katharina C - - 2005
Changes in the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems during pregnancy lead to a higher risk of thromboembolism. These changes include the increase of many clotting factors, as well as a significant fall in activity of fibrinolytic proteins, such as protein C. Protein Z is a vitamin-K-dependent plasma glycoprotein and inhibits the ...
Ropstad E - - 2005
The endocrinology was studied throughout pregnancy in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) located in Oulu, Finland (65 degrees N, 25 degrees E) with 13 captive, semi domestic adult females. Blood samples were analyzed for plasma progesterone (P4), estradiol (E2) and estrone sulphate (E1SO4), 15-ketodihydro-PGF2alpha (PG-metabolite) and pregnancy associated glycoproteins (PAG). The ...
Grant P A - - 2005
Blood IGF-I concentrations are persistently elevated throughout pregnancy in humans and guinea pigs and may regulate substrate partitioning between mother and conceptus. In the guinea pig, liver and adipose tissue have recently been suggested to contribute to the increased levels of circulating IGF-I in mid-pregnancy, but whether this persists in ...
Richani Karina - - 2005
The complement system, a major component of innate immunity, has recently been implicated in the mechanisms of fetal loss and placental inflammation in the anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome. Inhibition of complement has been proposed as an absolute requirement for normal pregnancy. Yet, pregnancy is characterized by a generalized activation of the ...
Hromadnikova Ilona - - 2005
We assessed the feasibility of fetal RHD and RHCE genotyping by analysis of DNA extracted from plasma samples of RhD-negative pregnant women using real-time PCR and primers and probes targeted toward RHD and RHCE genes. We analyzed 45 pregnant women in the 11th to 40th weeks of pregnancy and correlated ...
Bar-Or David - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We investigated cysteinylation of maternal plasma albumin in an observational study of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). High-risk pregnancies and uteroplacental insufficiency (UPI) have been associated with elevated levels of homocysteine, and, in oxidizing environments, homocysteine is converted to cysteine, resulting in cysteinylation of proteins. METHODS: The study population included ...
Wataganara Tuangsit - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether laser thermocoagulation for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) causes increased cell-free fetal DNA levels in maternal plasma, potentially as a result of placental injury. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled 34 patients with twin pregnancies complicated by severe TTTS who underwent fetoscopic selective laser ablation ...
Xu Zhice - - 2005
Our previous studies have shown that central administration of angiotensin II (ANG II) causes vasopressin release in the near-term fetus in utero as evidence that the hypothalamic-neurohypophysial system has relatively matured before birth. However, it is still unknown whether the vasopressin controlling centers have been functionally developed in younger fetuses. ...
Holthe Mette Ree - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Calprotectin is a protein found in myelomonocytic cells and plays a role in various physiological functions such as inflammatory processes and antiproliferation of cells, and in the neutrophil defense against bacterial infections. Preeclampsia is characterized by maternal endothelial dysfunction and by insufficient trophoblast invasion into the maternal endometrium (decidua). ...
Qin Qiu-Ping - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the blood of pregnant women, pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) is present as a covalent complex with the proform of eosinophil major basic protein (proMBP). Recently, increased serum concentrations of PAPP-A have been found in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The aim of this study was to investigate whether ...
Fait V - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The cause of elevated blood leukocyte count in pregnancy is unknown. We hypothesized that priming of peripheral polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) caused this elevation. METHODS: Eleven women in the first trimester of pregnancy were included in this prospective study. Peripheral venous blood was drawn twice from each woman, before and ...
Badiou Stéphanie - - 2005
Imipenem (thienamycin formamidine), a broad-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic, is always used in combination with cilastatin in order to avoid the premature breakdown of imipenem by renal tubular dipeptidase. As this dipeptidase also hydrolyzes the glutathione metabolite cysteinylglycine, the therapeutic association of imipenem and cilastatin might cause an accumulation of the aminothiol ...
Bollini A - - 2005
During normal pregnancy the cardiovascular system undergoes extensive changes. In a previous work we demonstrated the role of the haemorheological profile as predictor of hypertensive gestational disorders through a retrospective study. In an attempt to clarify the rheological characteristics during normal gestation, blood and plasma viscosity, erythrocyte deformability and aggregation, ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >