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Vaisbuch Edi - - 2011
The fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) has been described in the context of preterm labor and preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes and is often associated with intra-amniotic infection/inflammation. This syndrome is characterized by systemic fetal inflammation and operationally defined by an elevated fetal plasma interleukin (IL)-6. The objective of ...
Stamatopoulou Anastasia A Prenatal Research Unit, Clinical Biochemistry Department, King George Hospital, Goodmayes, - - 2011
To investigate the role of placenta protein 13 (PP13) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) in hypertensive disorders and small for gestational age (SGA) during first trimester of pregnancy. In this case-control study, first trimester serum samples (11(+0) to 13(+6) weeks) were retrieved from frozen storage of which 452 were from ...
Robinson Christopher J - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of this investigation was to assess total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH-D) levels at diagnosis of early-onset severe preeclampsia (EOSPE). After institutional review board approval, we enrolled subjects with EOSPE (<34 weeks' gestation with severe preeclampsia) in this case-control investigation ...
West Crystal C Department of Internal Medicine/Division of Nephrology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia 23298-0160, - - 2010
Pregnancy-mediated sodium (Na) retention is required to provide an increase in plasma volume for the growing fetus. The mechanisms responsible for this Na retention are not clear. We first used a targeted proteomics approach and found that there were no changes in the protein abundance compared with virgin rats of ...
Cardo Leyre - - 2010
Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDN) is caused primarily by feto-maternal RhD incompatibility. Although all RhD negative pregnant women undergo routine antenatal RhD prophylaxis at 28 weeks of gestation, and following delivery if the newborn is RhD positive, HDN has not been eradicated. Here, we investigated fetal Rhesus ...
Dabo Fatimah - - 2010
Beta-endorphins are endogenous opioid substances produced by the pituitary gland and placenta. The aims of this project were to longitudinally follow plasma levels of beta-endorphin during pregnancy in women with a healthy pregnancy and to investigate whether plasma levels of beta-endorphin in late pregnancy are associated with need for additional ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Women with preeclampsia and those who delivered a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate share several mechanisms of disease, including chronic uteroplacental ischemia and failure of physiologic transformation of the spiral arteries. However, the clinical manifestation of these obstetrical syndromes is remarkably different. It has been proposed that an altered maternal metabolic state, ...
Mouillet J-F - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. While mostly intracellular, a portion of cellular miRNAs is released to the circulation and their level in the plasma is altered in certain pathological conditions such as cancer, and also during pregnancy. We examined the circulating ...
Reglodi D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Since its discovery, several distinct effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) have been established - predominantly in animal studies - in the nervous system, various peripheral organs as well as in the endocrine regulation. It is unknown whether PACAP has any effect on human pregnancy regarding either ...
Vaisbuch Edi - - 2010
Adipokines have been implicated in metabolic regulation and the immune response thus providing a molecular mechanism for the interaction between these two systems. Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) is a novel adipokine that plays a role in the pathophysiology of obesity-induced insulin resistance, as well as in the modulation of ...
Abdel Gader Abdel Galil M - - 2011
Background. Limited data indicate the existence of a hypercoagulable state and the possible involvement of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the pathogenesis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Aim. To characterise the coagulation inhibitor and cytokine profiles in women with GDM. Methods. Two groups of women in the third trimester of pregnancy were studied: GDM (n = 150) ...
Van Mieghem T - - 2010
Apelin is a multifunctional peptide which is catabolized by the angiotensin-converting enzyme-related carboxypeptidase-2 (ACE2). The peptide is well known for its hemodynamic effects and its role in energy and fluid homeostasis. Pregnancy is a state of dramatically altered maternal hemodynamics and metabolism, but the role of apelin is unknown. To ...
Fonseca B M - - 2010
Decidualization is essential for a successful pregnancy and is a tightly regulated process influenced by the local microenvironment. Lipid-based mediators, such as the endocannabinoid anandamide, and other compounds that have cannabimimetic actions may act on the decidua during early pregnancy. In this study, the levels of N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide) and two ...
Galbiati Silvia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Among markers of pregnancy complications, corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) mRNA, long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) protein and fetal and total DNA had been reported to be increased in the plasma of women with overt preeclampsia (PE). We developed an optimized protocol to evaluate whether concentrations of CRH mRNA, PTX3 mRNA and ...
Fox C E - - 2010
Angiogenic factors play a role in human placentation and may be aberrant in severe twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). The aim of this study was to investigate the maternal plasma and amniotic fluid angiogenic factor and receptor concentrations in twin pregnancies complicated by TTTS and to evaluate the effects of fetoscopic ...
Kramer Daniel B - - 2011
A device interrogation for a 32-year-old woman with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator capable of monitoring intrathoracic impedance demonstrated a dramatic increase in her OptiVol Fluid index levels in the absence of clinical heart failure. The timing of her intrathoracic impedance changes correlated with plasma volume changes ...
Chinen Paulo Alexandre - - 2010
We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of Rh blood group, D antigen (RHD) fetal genotyping, using real-time polymerase chain reaction in maternal blood samples, in a racially mixed population. We performed a prospective study conducted between January 2006 and December 2007, analyzing fetal RHD genotype in the plasma of 102 D- ...
Xiong Yu - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the maternal and fetal plasma changes of tissue factor pathway inibitor-2 (TFPI-2) and its placental expression in women with normal pregnancy and preeclampsia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed the plasma TFPI-2 level in non-pregnant, normal pregnant and postpartum women, detected fetal plasma level and expression in placenta, ...
Franke Corinna - - 2010
Maternal supplementation with long-chain PUFA, to improve infant neurological development, might cause additional increase of oxidative stress. Pregnant women aged 18-41 years were randomised into one of four supplementation groups. From week 22 on, they received supplements containing either modified fish oil (n 69), 5-methyl-tetrahydro-folate (n 65), both (n 64), ...
Miron Pierre - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine maternal plasma levels of follistatin-related gene protein (FLRG) in the first trimester of pregnancy and assess its potential role as a marker for prenatal screening of Down syndrome. METHODS: Maternal plasma levels of FLRG were determined in 100 pregnant women with normal fetuses in their first trimester ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Adipokines (cytokines produced by adipose tissue) play a major role in the control of body weight and energy distribution. Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), only recently recognized as an adipokine, has been proposed to modulate systemic insulin sensitivity. The goal of this study was to determine whether there is an association ...
Vaisbuch Edi - - 2010
Dysregulation of maternal circulating adipokines has been implicated in several "great obstetrical syndromes" including preeclampsia (PE), small-for-gestational age (SGA) neonate and fetal death (FD). It has been suggested that adipokines provide a molecular link between metabolic derangements and inflammatory response in complicated pregnancies. Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4), a novel ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Resistin, originally described as an adipokine, has emerged as a potent pro-inflammatory protein associated with both acute and chronic inflammation. Moreover, resistin has been proposed as a powerful marker of sepsis severity, as well as a predictor of survival of critically ill non-pregnant patients. The aim of this study was ...
Eyal Sara - - 2010
Our objective was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of metformin during pregnancy. Serial blood and urine samples were collected over one steady-state dosing interval in women treated with metformin during early to late pregnancy (n = 35) and postpartum (n = 16). Maternal and umbilical cord blood samples were obtained at ...
Yan Xiaolang X Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Royal North Shore Hospital, St. Leonards, New South Wales 2065, Australia. - - 2010
During pregnancy, circulating IGF binding protein-5 (IGFBP-5) undergoes substantial molecular redistribution from ternary complexes to either binary complexes or the uncomplexed protein. This study aimed to characterize the proteolysis of circulating IGFBP-5 during pregnancy and to determine whether it can increase IGF bioavailability. Biochemical methods were used to purify and ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Visfatin/pre-B-cell-enhancing factor (PBEF) has been implicated in the regulation of the innate immune system, as well as in glucose metabolism. Specifically, visfatin plays a requisite role in delayed neutrophil apoptosis in patients with sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine whether pyelonephritis during pregnancy is associated with changes ...
Mori Toshitaka - - 2010
Visceral fat accumulation stimulates the production of adipocytokines in patients with metabolic syndrome. Excess body weight gain during pregnancy is a risk factor for preeclampsia. To evaluate whether the pathogenesis of preeclampsia is similar to that of metabolic syndrome, we measured plasma adipocytokine concentrations and investigated the association between plasma ...
Scheffer Peter G - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of noninvasive fetal sex determination in maternal plasma. METHODS: All consecutive patients for whom fetal sex determination in maternal plasma was performed in our laboratory from 2003 up to 2009 were included in the study. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed for the SRY ...
Ho Sherry S Y - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal diagnosis of alpha-thalassaemia requires invasive testing associated with a risk of miscarriage. Cell-free foetal DNA in maternal plasma presents an alternative source of foetal genetic material for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis. We aimed to exclude HbBart's noninvasively by detection of unaffected paternal alleles in maternal plasma using quantitative fluorescence ...
Erez Offer - - 2010
Preterm labor (PTL) has been associated with an increased thrombin generation in the maternal circulation and amniotic fluid. Tissue factor (TF) is a potent initiator of the coagulation cascade, which can trigger the hemostatic system to generate thrombin. The aims of this study were to determine whether spontaneous PTL with ...
Mankuta David - - 2010
To describe the lipid profile of women prior to, during and after pregnancy and to assess the effect of consecutive pregnancies on the plasma lipid profile. Blood lipid levels of 1752 women aged 20-45 years who delivered between 1999 and 2005 were measured. The lipid profile included total cholesterol, LDL-C ...
Cornock Ruth - - 2010
Maternal protein restriction during rat pregnancy is known to impact upon fetal development, growth and risk of disease in later life. It is of interest to understand how protein undernutrition influences the normal maternal adaptation to pregnancy. Here we investigated the mechanisms regulating renal haemodynamics and plasma volume during pregnancy, ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
An emerging theme in modern biology is that adipose tissue can respond to metabolic stress, and to inflammatory stimuli, by regulating the secretion of a complex network of soluble mediators, termed adipokines. Adiponectin, the most prevalent circulating adipokine in human, has profound insulin-sensitizing and anti-inflammatory properties. Indeed, the notion that ...
Shinozaki Hiromitsu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To estimate the normal level of adrenomedullin (AM) during multiple pregnancy. METHODS: The study population consisted of 5 women with normal cycles, 130 women with normal pregnancy between 6 and 40 weeks of gestation, 93 women with twin pregnancy and 42 women with triplet pregnancy. RESULTS: Total AM concentration ...
Meaney Cathy - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The genetic trait of a fetus may be determined early on in pregnancy using cell-free fetal DNA extracted from the plasma of pregnant women. The challenges for noninvasive diagnosis include the variable but still low amount of cell-free fetal DNA in the first trimester (57-761 gE/mL) and the competing ...
Illanes S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if maternal plasma ffDNA is increased early in pregnancies which subsequently develop preeclampsia (PE) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: Blood was obtained at 11-14 weeks and plasma stored. Among those who delivered a male infant and had a birth weight under the tenth centile and/or PE, ...
Dasarathy Jaividhya - - 2010
Hyperhomocysteinemia during pregnancy, which is a consequence of perturbations in methionine and/or folate metabolism, has been implicated in adverse outcomes such as neural tube defects, preeclampsia, spontaneous abortion, and premature delivery. The adaptive changes in methionine metabolism during pregnancy in humans have not been determined. Our objective was to examine ...
Ortega-Senovilla Henar - - 2010
IUGR (intrauterine growth restriction) increases the incidence of perinatal complications and, although several placental transport functions have been shown to be altered in pregnancies complicated by IUGR, the mechanism behind it is not well understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate factors in maternal and cord blood ...
Kolla Varaprasad - - 2010
Currently no specific biomarkers exist for the screening of pregnancies at risk for Down syndrome (DS). Since a quantitative proteomic approach with isobaric labelling (iTRAQ) has recently been suggested to be highly suitable for the discovery of novel plasma biomarkers, we have now used this method to examine for potential ...
Zhang Yi - - 2009
We investigated the effect of pregnancy on nitrofurantoin (NFT) disposition in wild-type and Bcrp1(-/-) mice. Pregnant and non-pregnant mice were administered NFT intravenously (5 mg/kg) or orally (10 mg/kg). Blood samples were collected at various times (5-60 min) after drug administration, plasma NFT concentrations determined by HPLC/UV, and pharmacokinetic parameters ...
Kusanovic Juan Pedro - - 2009
Changes in the maternal plasma concentrations of angiogenic (placental growth factor (PlGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)) and anti-angiogenic factors (sEng and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1)) precede the clinical presentation of preeclampsia. This study was conducted to examine the role of maternal plasma PlGF, sEng, and sVEGFR-1 ...
Kebapcilar Ayse Gul - - 2010
To evaluate plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) and fetuin-A concentrations in women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and to determine whether there is any association between these parameters and fetal asphyxia. We carried out a prospective case-control study consisting of 32 women with ICP at third trimester of pregnancy and 32 ...
Akolekar Ranjit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether in pregnancies that subsequently develop preeclampsia (PE), the maternal plasma concentration of the inflammatory factor pentraxin 3 (PTX3) at 11-13 weeks of gestation is increased and whether such a possible increase is associated with uterine artery pulsatility index (PI). METHODS: The concentration of plasma PTX3 at ...
Braekke Kristin - - 2009
Preeclampsia is a leading cause of intrauterine growth restriction and preterm birth. Endothelial dysfunction is the common final pathway leading to clinical signs of preeclampsia including hypertension and proteinuria. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of NOS and induces endothelial dysfunction by reversibly inhibiting NO production from l-arginine. The ...
Savela H - - 2009
The aim of the study was to compare transrectal ultrasound with progesterone (P4) and pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) as pregnancy detection methods for semidomesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) in field conditions. Female reindeer (n=195) were scanned transrectally by a 7.5-MHz linear array transducer, and blood was sampled either in December 2005 ...
Amburgey Odül A OA Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont 05405, - - 2010
Using a rat model, we investigated the effects of circulating factors in pregnancy on cerebrovascular and systemic vascular function by comparing myogenic reactivity, tone, and endothelial vasodilator production of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) and mesenteric artery (MA) of nonpregnant (NP) animals perfused with nonpregnant and pregnant human plasma. Arteries ...
Juric Sandra - - 2009
To examine the extent and clinical sequelae of fetal exposure to zolpidem, a commonly prescribed hypnotic agent. Pregnant women with psychiatric illness participating in a study of psychotropic pharmacokinetics were included. Zolpidem concentrations were analyzed in maternal and umbilical cord plasma collected at delivery. Outcomes were compared between the zolpidem-exposed ...
Coles Lisa D - - 2009
Efflux transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp) play a critical role in the maternal-to-fetal and blood-to-brain transfer of many drugs. Using a mouse model, the effects of gestational age on P-gp and MRP expression in the placenta and brain were evaluated. P-gp protein levels in the placenta and brain were greater ...
Erez Offer - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Fetal death can lead to disseminated intravascular coagulation or fetal death syndrome. However, currently it is not clear what are the changes in the coagulation system in patients with a fetal death without the fetal death syndrome. This study was undertaken to determine: (1) whether fetal death in the ...
Erez Offer - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Low maternal plasma protein Z (PZ) concentrations were reported in patients with pre-eclampsia (PE), a small for gestational age (SGA) neonate, and a fetal demise (FD). Anti-protein Z antibodies (APZ-AB) have been proposed as a possible underlying mechanism leading to low plasma PZ concentrations. The objective of this study ...
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