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Lo Y M Dennis - - 2010
Fetal DNA is present in the plasma of pregnant women and can be used for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis. Early work had focused on the detection of paternally inherited fetal mutations in maternal plasma. Recent advances in single-molecule counting approaches have allowed the mutation dosage of the fetus to be analyzed ...
Cheng Po-Jen - - 2010
This study examined possible relationships between homocysteine and markers used in first-trimester screening for Down syndrome. Pregnancies were categorized into 4 groups according to quartile ranking of maternal plasma homocysteine concentration. Of the 595 pregnancies, 147 were assigned to group 1 (homocysteine level 0.6-3.5 μmol/L), 156 to group 2 (homocysteine ...
Zejskova L - - 2010
We determined the feasibility of universal fetal marker detection in maternal circulation. Using real-time PCR, we compared the levels of fetal (SRY and hypermethylated RASSF1A) and total (GLO gene and total RASSF1A) extracellular DNA and fractions of extracellular fetal DNA (SRY/GLO vs. hypermethylated RASSF1A/total RASSF1A) in maternal circulation. Sensitivity and ...
Oshiro Naomi N Department of Molecular Genetics, Biochemistry, and Microbiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2010
The cardiotonic steroid/ouabain-binding site of the α subunit of Na,K-ATPase is thought to play an important role in cardiovascular homeostasis. Previously, we demonstrated the cardiotonic steroid-binding site of the α2 Na,K-ATPase is involved in adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-induced hypertension by using gene-modified α2(R/R) mice in which the cardiotonic steroid-binding site is ...
Ahnström Josefin - - 2010
Apolipoprotein M (apoM) is mainly associated with high-density lipoprotein in human plasma. Despite several studies suggesting apoM as an anti-atherogenic, its function is not yet fully understood. Plasma apoM was measured in normal pregnancies at four different gestational ages and in the postpartum period to investigate whether the concentration of ...
Kirkegaard Ida - - 2010
Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) is highly efficient as a serum marker in first-trimester screening for chromosomal abnormalities. Furthermore, there is increasing evidence that low levels of PAPP-A in the first trimester are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm delivery, intrauterine growth retardation, preeclampsia, and stillbirth. PAPP-A is a ...
Castelnovi C - - 2010
Tandem mass spectrometry based newborn screening programs (NBS) allow early diagnosis and treatment for a number of inborn metabolic disorders. Despite the improved prognosis of affected individuals, the knowledge regarding the potential risks of childbearing in many of these conditions remains limited. Newborns with isovaleric acidemia (IVA) have been diagnosed ...
Miura Kiyonori - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several placental microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as pregnancy-associated molecules with the potential for use in estimating the condition of the placenta. Our understanding of these novel molecules is still limited, however. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize pregnancy-associated miRNAs in maternal plasma. METHODS: By ...
Lambert Js - - 2011
The aim of the study was to determine total and unbound lopinavir (LPV) plasma concentrations in HIV-infected pregnant women receiving lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r tablet) undergoing therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) during pregnancy and postpartum. Women were enrolled in the study who were receiving the LPV/r tablet as part of their routine prenatal ...
Vaisbuch Edi - - 2011
The fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) has been described in the context of preterm labor and preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes and is often associated with intra-amniotic infection/inflammation. This syndrome is characterized by systemic fetal inflammation and operationally defined by an elevated fetal plasma interleukin (IL)-6. The objective of ...
Stamatopoulou Anastasia A Prenatal Research Unit, Clinical Biochemistry Department, King George Hospital, Goodmayes, - - 2011
To investigate the role of placenta protein 13 (PP13) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) in hypertensive disorders and small for gestational age (SGA) during first trimester of pregnancy. In this case-control study, first trimester serum samples (11(+0) to 13(+6) weeks) were retrieved from frozen storage of which 452 were from ...
Robinson Christopher J CJ Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of this investigation was to assess total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH-D) levels at diagnosis of early-onset severe preeclampsia (EOSPE). After institutional review board approval, we enrolled subjects with EOSPE (<34 weeks' gestation with severe preeclampsia) in this case-control investigation ...
West Crystal C Department of Internal Medicine/Division of Nephrology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia 23298-0160, - - 2010
Pregnancy-mediated sodium (Na) retention is required to provide an increase in plasma volume for the growing fetus. The mechanisms responsible for this Na retention are not clear. We first used a targeted proteomics approach and found that there were no changes in the protein abundance compared with virgin rats of ...
Cardo Leyre - - 2010
Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDN) is caused primarily by feto-maternal RhD incompatibility. Although all RhD negative pregnant women undergo routine antenatal RhD prophylaxis at 28 weeks of gestation, and following delivery if the newborn is RhD positive, HDN has not been eradicated. Here, we investigated fetal Rhesus ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Women with preeclampsia and those who delivered a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate share several mechanisms of disease, including chronic uteroplacental ischemia and failure of physiologic transformation of the spiral arteries. However, the clinical manifestation of these obstetrical syndromes is remarkably different. It has been proposed that an altered maternal metabolic state, ...
Dabo Fatimah - - 2010
Beta-endorphins are endogenous opioid substances produced by the pituitary gland and placenta. The aims of this project were to longitudinally follow plasma levels of beta-endorphin during pregnancy in women with a healthy pregnancy and to investigate whether plasma levels of beta-endorphin in late pregnancy are associated with need for additional ...
Mouillet J-F JF Magee-Womens Research Institute, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, 204 Craft Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. While mostly intracellular, a portion of cellular miRNAs is released to the circulation and their level in the plasma is altered in certain pathological conditions such as cancer, and also during pregnancy. We examined the circulating ...
Vaisbuch Edi - - 2010
Adipokines have been implicated in metabolic regulation and the immune response thus providing a molecular mechanism for the interaction between these two systems. Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) is a novel adipokine that plays a role in the pathophysiology of obesity-induced insulin resistance, as well as in the modulation of ...
Reglodi D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Since its discovery, several distinct effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) have been established - predominantly in animal studies - in the nervous system, various peripheral organs as well as in the endocrine regulation. It is unknown whether PACAP has any effect on human pregnancy regarding either ...
Abdel Gader Abdel Galil M - - 2011
Background. Limited data indicate the existence of a hypercoagulable state and the possible involvement of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the pathogenesis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Aim. To characterise the coagulation inhibitor and cytokine profiles in women with GDM. Methods. Two groups of women in the third trimester of pregnancy were studied: GDM (n = 150) ...
Van Mieghem T - - 2010
Apelin is a multifunctional peptide which is catabolized by the angiotensin-converting enzyme-related carboxypeptidase-2 (ACE2). The peptide is well known for its hemodynamic effects and its role in energy and fluid homeostasis. Pregnancy is a state of dramatically altered maternal hemodynamics and metabolism, but the role of apelin is unknown. To ...
Fonseca B M - - 2010
Decidualization is essential for a successful pregnancy and is a tightly regulated process influenced by the local microenvironment. Lipid-based mediators, such as the endocannabinoid anandamide, and other compounds that have cannabimimetic actions may act on the decidua during early pregnancy. In this study, the levels of N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide) and two ...
Galbiati Silvia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Among markers of pregnancy complications, corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) mRNA, long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) protein and fetal and total DNA had been reported to be increased in the plasma of women with overt preeclampsia (PE). We developed an optimized protocol to evaluate whether concentrations of CRH mRNA, PTX3 mRNA and ...
Fox C E - - 2010
Angiogenic factors play a role in human placentation and may be aberrant in severe twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). The aim of this study was to investigate the maternal plasma and amniotic fluid angiogenic factor and receptor concentrations in twin pregnancies complicated by TTTS and to evaluate the effects of fetoscopic ...
Kramer Daniel B - - 2011
A device interrogation for a 32-year-old woman with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator capable of monitoring intrathoracic impedance demonstrated a dramatic increase in her OptiVol Fluid index levels in the absence of clinical heart failure. The timing of her intrathoracic impedance changes correlated with plasma volume changes ...
Chinen Paulo Alexandre - - 2010
We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of Rh blood group, D antigen (RHD) fetal genotyping, using real-time polymerase chain reaction in maternal blood samples, in a racially mixed population. We performed a prospective study conducted between January 2006 and December 2007, analyzing fetal RHD genotype in the plasma of 102 D- ...
Xiong Yu - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the maternal and fetal plasma changes of tissue factor pathway inibitor-2 (TFPI-2) and its placental expression in women with normal pregnancy and preeclampsia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed the plasma TFPI-2 level in non-pregnant, normal pregnant and postpartum women, detected fetal plasma level and expression in placenta, ...
Franke Corinna - - 2010
Maternal supplementation with long-chain PUFA, to improve infant neurological development, might cause additional increase of oxidative stress. Pregnant women aged 18-41 years were randomised into one of four supplementation groups. From week 22 on, they received supplements containing either modified fish oil (n 69), 5-methyl-tetrahydro-folate (n 65), both (n 64), ...
Miron Pierre - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine maternal plasma levels of follistatin-related gene protein (FLRG) in the first trimester of pregnancy and assess its potential role as a marker for prenatal screening of Down syndrome. METHODS: Maternal plasma levels of FLRG were determined in 100 pregnant women with normal fetuses in their first trimester ...
Vaisbuch Edi - - 2010
Dysregulation of maternal circulating adipokines has been implicated in several "great obstetrical syndromes" including preeclampsia (PE), small-for-gestational age (SGA) neonate and fetal death (FD). It has been suggested that adipokines provide a molecular link between metabolic derangements and inflammatory response in complicated pregnancies. Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4), a novel ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Adipokines (cytokines produced by adipose tissue) play a major role in the control of body weight and energy distribution. Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4), only recently recognized as an adipokine, has been proposed to modulate systemic insulin sensitivity. The goal of this study was to determine whether there is an association ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Resistin, originally described as an adipokine, has emerged as a potent pro-inflammatory protein associated with both acute and chronic inflammation. Moreover, resistin has been proposed as a powerful marker of sepsis severity, as well as a predictor of survival of critically ill non-pregnant patients. The aim of this study was ...
Eyal Sara - - 2010
Our objective was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of metformin during pregnancy. Serial blood and urine samples were collected over one steady-state dosing interval in women treated with metformin during early to late pregnancy (n = 35) and postpartum (n = 16). Maternal and umbilical cord blood samples were obtained at ...
Yan Xiaolang X Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Royal North Shore Hospital, St. Leonards, New South Wales 2065, Australia. - - 2010
During pregnancy, circulating IGF binding protein-5 (IGFBP-5) undergoes substantial molecular redistribution from ternary complexes to either binary complexes or the uncomplexed protein. This study aimed to characterize the proteolysis of circulating IGFBP-5 during pregnancy and to determine whether it can increase IGF bioavailability. Biochemical methods were used to purify and ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Visfatin/pre-B-cell-enhancing factor (PBEF) has been implicated in the regulation of the innate immune system, as well as in glucose metabolism. Specifically, visfatin plays a requisite role in delayed neutrophil apoptosis in patients with sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine whether pyelonephritis during pregnancy is associated with changes ...
Mori Toshitaka - - 2010
Visceral fat accumulation stimulates the production of adipocytokines in patients with metabolic syndrome. Excess body weight gain during pregnancy is a risk factor for preeclampsia. To evaluate whether the pathogenesis of preeclampsia is similar to that of metabolic syndrome, we measured plasma adipocytokine concentrations and investigated the association between plasma ...
Cornock Ruth - - 2010
Maternal protein restriction during rat pregnancy is known to impact upon fetal development, growth and risk of disease in later life. It is of interest to understand how protein undernutrition influences the normal maternal adaptation to pregnancy. Here we investigated the mechanisms regulating renal haemodynamics and plasma volume during pregnancy, ...
Ho Sherry S Y - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal diagnosis of alpha-thalassaemia requires invasive testing associated with a risk of miscarriage. Cell-free foetal DNA in maternal plasma presents an alternative source of foetal genetic material for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis. We aimed to exclude HbBart's noninvasively by detection of unaffected paternal alleles in maternal plasma using quantitative fluorescence ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
An emerging theme in modern biology is that adipose tissue can respond to metabolic stress, and to inflammatory stimuli, by regulating the secretion of a complex network of soluble mediators, termed adipokines. Adiponectin, the most prevalent circulating adipokine in human, has profound insulin-sensitizing and anti-inflammatory properties. Indeed, the notion that ...
Mankuta David - - 2010
To describe the lipid profile of women prior to, during and after pregnancy and to assess the effect of consecutive pregnancies on the plasma lipid profile. Blood lipid levels of 1752 women aged 20-45 years who delivered between 1999 and 2005 were measured. The lipid profile included total cholesterol, LDL-C ...
Scheffer Peter G - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of noninvasive fetal sex determination in maternal plasma. METHODS: All consecutive patients for whom fetal sex determination in maternal plasma was performed in our laboratory from 2003 up to 2009 were included in the study. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed for the SRY ...
Erez Offer - - 2010
Preterm labor (PTL) has been associated with an increased thrombin generation in the maternal circulation and amniotic fluid. Tissue factor (TF) is a potent initiator of the coagulation cascade, which can trigger the hemostatic system to generate thrombin. The aims of this study were to determine whether spontaneous PTL with ...
Shinozaki Hiromitsu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To estimate the normal level of adrenomedullin (AM) during multiple pregnancy. METHODS: The study population consisted of 5 women with normal cycles, 130 women with normal pregnancy between 6 and 40 weeks of gestation, 93 women with twin pregnancy and 42 women with triplet pregnancy. RESULTS: Total AM concentration ...
Illanes S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if maternal plasma ffDNA is increased early in pregnancies which subsequently develop preeclampsia (PE) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: Blood was obtained at 11-14 weeks and plasma stored. Among those who delivered a male infant and had a birth weight under the tenth centile and/or PE, ...
Meaney Cathy - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The genetic trait of a fetus may be determined early on in pregnancy using cell-free fetal DNA extracted from the plasma of pregnant women. The challenges for noninvasive diagnosis include the variable but still low amount of cell-free fetal DNA in the first trimester (57-761 gE/mL) and the competing ...
Dasarathy Jaividhya - - 2010
Hyperhomocysteinemia during pregnancy, which is a consequence of perturbations in methionine and/or folate metabolism, has been implicated in adverse outcomes such as neural tube defects, preeclampsia, spontaneous abortion, and premature delivery. The adaptive changes in methionine metabolism during pregnancy in humans have not been determined. Our objective was to examine ...
Ortega-Senovilla Henar - - 2010
IUGR (intrauterine growth restriction) increases the incidence of perinatal complications and, although several placental transport functions have been shown to be altered in pregnancies complicated by IUGR, the mechanism behind it is not well understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate factors in maternal and cord blood ...
Kolla Varaprasad - - 2010
Currently no specific biomarkers exist for the screening of pregnancies at risk for Down syndrome (DS). Since a quantitative proteomic approach with isobaric labelling (iTRAQ) has recently been suggested to be highly suitable for the discovery of novel plasma biomarkers, we have now used this method to examine for potential ...
Kusanovic Juan Pedro - - 2009
Changes in the maternal plasma concentrations of angiogenic (placental growth factor (PlGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)) and anti-angiogenic factors (sEng and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1)) precede the clinical presentation of preeclampsia. This study was conducted to examine the role of maternal plasma PlGF, sEng, and sVEGFR-1 ...
Zhang Yi Y Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-7610, - - 2009
We investigated the effect of pregnancy on nitrofurantoin (NFT) disposition in wild-type and Bcrp1(-/-) mice. Pregnant and non-pregnant mice were administered NFT intravenously (5 mg/kg) or orally (10 mg/kg). Blood samples were collected at various times (5-60 min) after drug administration, plasma NFT concentrations determined by HPLC/UV, and pharmacokinetic parameters ...
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