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Pillay V - - 1993
We have investigated the possible role of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) in the attenuated fever response in the newborn. Umbilical cord blood was collected from normal full-term infants (n = 12), and venous blood was obtained from afebrile, non-pregnant adults, of both genders (n = 12) and women in ...
De Peyster A - - 1993
Ascertainment of exposure to cholinesterase-inhibiting pesticides in pregnant subjects is complicated by altered enzyme activity that results from metabolic changes associated with pregnancy. Nevertheless, this study found a high correlation (Pearson chi-square = 13.67, p = .008) between classification of pesticide exposure using self-reported interview information and plasma cholinesterase activity ...
Guyton T S - - 1993
Fetal plasma alanine disposal rate (DR) and decarboxylation rate were measured at 132 +/- 1 days gestation in nine fetal lambs infused with L-[1-14C]alanine via a brachial vein. In five experiments, L-[1-13C]alanine was added to the infusate. Using L-[1-14C]alanine, we found mean DR to be 15.5 +/- 1.8 mumol.min-1 . ...
Bolton L M - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the change in erythrocyte potassium content in normal human pregnancy is accompanied by a similar change in erythrocyte chloride content. To assess erythrocyte hydration and potassium and chloride content in pregnancies complicated by proteinuric pregnancy induced hypertension. DESIGN: A serial study during and after normal pregnancy. ...
Itoh H - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the involvement of brain natriuretic peptide in the circulation of pregnant women with pregnancy-induced hypertension. METHODS: We determined the plasma levels of brain and atrial natriuretic peptides in a cross-sectional study of 36 normal pregnant women and 17 women with pregnancy-induced hypertension. RESULTS: During normal pregnancy, the ...
Oxvig C - - 1993
A previously unrecognized association between pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and the proform of eosinophil major basic protein (proMBP) is demonstrated. PAPP-A isolated from pooled pregnancy serum is shown to be a disulfide-bridged complex with proMBP (PAPP-A/proMBP) in which the subunits of the constituents are present in a 1:1 molar ratio. ...
Heikkilä A M - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the normal regimen of dosage of oral penicillin V is relevant during pregnancy. METHODS: Twelve pregnant and six nonpregnant women volunteered for the study. Six women were in the second trimester of pregnancy (mean +/- standard deviation 19 +/- 7 weeks' gestation) and six women were ...
Abbas A - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to investigate changes with gestation in fetal plasma interferon gamma concentration. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study at the Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, London, was performed. Enzyme-linked immunoassay was used to measure plasma concentration in 54 fetal blood samples obtained by cordocentesis or cardiocentesis ...
Mifune H - - 1993
The atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels of auricular cardiocytes and plasma were examined by immunohistochemistry, ultrastructural morphometry, and radioimmunoassay (RIA) in pregnant rats (4th, 12th, 20th day of gestation) under 22 degrees C and 33 degrees C environmental conditions. Immunohistochemically, ANP immunoreactivity was stronger on the 20th day of gestation ...
Smith R - - 1993
During human pregnancy, plasma CRH immunoreactivity (CRH-IR) rises progressively, peaking during labor and falling after delivery. Among animal species, only higher primates have elevated CRH-IR during pregnancy. This study examines whether changes in plasma CRH-IR in the baboon (Papio hamadryas) are similar to those in the human. CRH-IR was determined ...
Ruth V - - 1993
Concentration of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) has earlier been found to increase greatly in maternal plasma during the last trimester of normal pregnancy and even more in preeclampsia. This CRH is thought to be of placental origin, and it may stimulate maternal or fetal pituitary adrenal axis. We studied CRH in ...
Eguchi K - - 1993
To investigate alterations of hemorheologic properties during pregnancy, we measured the hematocrit (Hct) and fibrinogen levels, blood viscosity, and erythrocyte deformability in 10 healthy nonpregnant women and in 10 women with uncomplicated pregnancies. The Hct decreased during pregnancy, while the plasma fibrinogen concentration was elevated. No significant changes in blood ...
Davison J M - - 1993
The metabolic clearance rate (MCR) of arginine vasopressin (AVP) increases fourfold during human pregnancy. To explore whether circulating vasopressinase may play a role in this change, six women underwent a three-tier infusion clearance study, twice, in random order, to determine the MCRs of either AVP or 1-deamino-8-D-AVP (dDAVP, an analogue ...
Högstedt S - - 1993
The plasma drug concentration-effect relationship after an oral dose of 100 mg metoprolol has been studied in 8 women in the third trimester of a pregnancy complicated by hypertension. The study was repeated 3-5 months after parturition when all but 2 women were normotensive. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP ...
Silahtaroglu A N - - 1993
Low levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPPA) during the first trimester has been suggested as a biochemical indicator of pregnancies with aneuploid fetuses. Furthermore, the complete absence of PAPPA in pregnancies associated with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CL) has suggested a causal connection between PAPPA and the development of ...
Lowry P J - - 1993
CRF is unusual in that it is synthesized and released from the placenta into the circulation in humans, reaching levels in the third trimester that would normally be expected in the hypothalamic portal system during stress. This rise is even more pronounced in pregnancy-induced hypertension and preterm labour. Paradoxically, there ...
Uotila J - - 1993
Seventeen pregnancies with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and 28 control pregnancies were analyzed with regard to maternal and fetal blood antioxidants and lipid peroxidation products (conjugated dienes). In PIH, maternal blood levels of conjugated dienes were higher than in normal pregnancy. Also the activities of platelet and plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) ...
Wangboonskul J - - 1993
Plasma and whole blood concentrations of proguanil, its active metabolite cycloguanil, and the inactive metabolite 4-chlorophenyl-biguanide, were measured by HPLC in 10 healthy Karen women in the last trimester of pregnancy, following a 200 mg single oral dose of proguanil. Four of these women were restudied 2 months after delivery. ...
Bossi M - - 1993
The pregnancy associated plasma protein B (PAPP-B) was first described by Lin et al. as a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of about 1,000 kD and a serum half life of less than 24 hours after delivery. We isolated PAPP-B from late pregnancy serum using liquid chromatography including HPLC. PAPP-B ...
Whitehead E M - - 1993
In a controlled study, gastric emptying was measured during the three trimesters of pregnancy and after delivery, using an indirect paracetamol absorption technique. The peak plasma paracetamol concentration, time to reach the peak, and the area under the plasma paracetamol concentration-time curve, were determined. As compared to nonpregnant controls, there ...
Yong K - - 1992
Plasma macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) levels were measured by enzyme immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using horse and rabbit polyvalent antibodies raised against human M-CSF purified from urine (hM-CSF). Plasma M-CSF levels in nonpregnant female controls were 364 +/- 69 U/mL (mean +/- SD, n = 20). Pregnancy results in significant elevation ...
Svoboda T - - 1992
Plasma concentrations of Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) in healthy control persons do not change significantly during adult lifetime and no diurnal changes could be detected. In addition, no alterations of plasma EGF concentrations occur during acute and chronic stress and in all three trimesters of pregnancy. Thus, the previously suggested ...
van Houwelingen A C - - 1992
Preliminary studies indicated that the EFA status of normal neonates is marginal, if not insufficient. Since a better knowledge of the physiology of maternal-fetal essential fatty acid transfer is relevant for nutritional recommendations during pregnancy, we investigated the course of the fetal EFA status during fetal development by analysing the ...
Heikkilä A - - 1992
Imipenem pharmacokinetics were studied in early pregnancy (n = 7; length of gestation, 8.6 +/- 1.5 weeks, mean +/- standard deviation), in late pregnancy (n = 7; length of gestation, 38.7 +/- 1.4 weeks), and in the nonpregnant state (n = 6). A single dose of 500 mg of imipenem-cilastatin ...
Oguni M - - 1992
The prevalence of abnormal pregnancy outcomes in the offspring of 103 epileptic women, followed prospectively during pregnancy between 1982 and 1989, was compared with that in the previous study of 119 pregnancies by Dansky et al from the same institution. Our results have shown a significant decrease in the prevalence ...
Thilaganathan B - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between fetal anemia, plasma erythropoietin concentration, and erythroblastosis in red blood cell-isoimmunized pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal plasma erythropoietin concentration in umbilical venous blood samples from 68 red blood cell-isoimmunized pregnancies at 18 to 35 weeks' gestation was measured. Measurements ...
Goland R S - - 1992
We have studied the secretion of placental CRF during pregnancy in the baboon, an animal model with many similarities to human pregnancy. Plasma CRF was measured in two groups of animals. In group 1, studies were performed in six anesthetized animals beginning 8 days postconception. In group 2, studies were ...
Rosenfeld C R - - 1992
Fetal secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) increases during volume expansion and hypoxia. It is unknown whether this is associated with alterations in right atrial pressure (RAP) or distension and whether increases in ANP secretion reflect effects of specific vasopressors. To address this we studied fetal sheep (n = 13) ...
Lemke A - - 1992
This article reviews reproductive issues faced by the growing number of individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) who reach adulthood. Approximately 97-98% of males with CF are infertile and they may have an increased risk for genitourinary anomalies. Females with CF may experience delayed puberty, irregular menstrual cycles, and decreased fertility. ...
Smith M A - - 1992
This study examined the effects of pregnancy and glucose loading on plasma and erythrocyte (RBC) magnesium (Mg) concentrations. In a completely randomized design with repeated measures, 15 nonpregnant, 15 early pregnant (13-17 weeks) and 15 late pregnant (28-34 weeks) women ingested 100 g glucose. Blood was collected at 0, 30, ...
Lowe S A - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the increase in extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) that occurs during pregnancy alters: (1) the baseline regulation of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP); or (2) the ANP response to intravascular volume expansion with either haemaccel or hypertonic saline. DESIGN: A group of normal pregnant subjects was studied longitudinally ...
Friedman S A - - 1992
This prospective, nested, case-control study investigated whether maternal plasma fetal fibronectin reflects reduced trophoblastic invasion at 16 to 20 weeks in women who later have preeclampsia. Concentrations of fetal fibronectin were 8.7 +/- 2.6 micrograms/ml in women with preeclampsia and 8.1 +/- 2.5 micrograms/ml in matched controls (p greater than ...
Johannessen S I - - 1992
An increased risk of seizures during and immediately after labour has been observed in epileptic women, and it is recognized that serum levels of antiepileptic drugs may decrease in pregnancy. Several studies have suggested that total valproate levels fall, but that free fractions increase during pregnancy. Recent findings suggest that ...
Cohen E P - - 1992
Mast cells may be more abundant in the tissues of uremic patients and may contribute to itching via mediator release. Because mast cell (MC) granule release may be inhibited by ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation, we investigated skin MC in the superficial dermis by quantitative histomorphometry before and after whole body ...
Rozdzinski E - - 1992
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a hematologic disorder which is clinically characterized by thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, fever, neurologic symptoms, and cardiac and renal involvement. The pathogenic mechanisms of this disease are poorly understood. It is well known that TTP is associated with pregnancy and that prognosis for the mother ...
Armanini D - - 1992
Mineralocorticoid effector mechanisms were evaluated in 29 patients with preeclampsia and in 25 uncomplicated pregnancies by measurement of plasma aldosterone, levels of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) in mononuclear leucocytes, and subtraction potential difference (SPD; rectal minus oral values). Mean values for plasma aldosterone were not different between the two groups, but ...
Oguni N - - 1992
We determined plasma human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) levels in normal pregnancy and pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). The plasma hANP levels slightly decreased in the first trimester of normal pregnancy and tended to recover as pregnancy advanced, although these changes were slight. However, the plasma hANP level in puerperium was ...
Jakobi P - - 1992
The appearance of free digoxinlike immunoreactive factor in pregnancy and its rapid disappearance after delivery is well documented. The protein-bound fraction, a common component of plasma, does not change during pregnancy. We investigated the peripartum changes in both free and protein-bound fractions of digoxinlike immunoreactive factor and observed different peripartum ...
Hotta H - - 1992
The effects of noxious and non-noxious mechanical stimulation of various segmental skin areas (face, forelimb and forepaw, abdomen, hindlimb and hindpaw) on the secretion of immunoreactive corticotropin-releasing hormone (iCRH) from the hypothalamus into hypophysial portal blood was examined in artificially ventilated rats under halothane anesthesia. Secretion of iCRH was calculated ...
Morishima H O - - 1992
To test our hypotheses that the hemodynamic response to cocaine may be altered during pregnancy, cocaine (0.33 mg/kg/min) was infused intravenously to chronically catheterized pregnant and nonpregnant female rats. Cardiac output and regional blood flow were measured, and cocaine concentrations in plasma and tissues, as well as plasma cholinesterase activity ...
Macphail S - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the fall in plasma osmolality in normal human pregnancy resulted in cellular overhydration. DESIGN: The changes in erythrocyte hydration, potassium and total osmoles in response to a decrease in osmolality in vitro and associated with the fall in plasma osmolality in normal pregnancy were determined. SUBJECTS: ...
Thompson G N - - 1991
The transport characteristics of the placenta, which favour higher phenylalanine concentrations in the fetus than in the mother, and regression data of head circumference at birth against phenylalanine concentration at conception in maternal phenylketonuria (PKU), suggest that treatment of maternal PKU should ideally aim to maintain plasma phenylalanine concentration within ...
Selden B S - - 1991
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Acetaminophen freely crosses the placenta, and acetaminophen ingestion is the most frequent intentional overdose in pregnancy. Although most patients do well after maternal treatment with the antidote N-acetylcysteine (NAC), fetal death with massive hepatic necrosis has occurred. It has never been shown whether NAC crosses the placenta to ...
Wu S J - - 1991
Sequential changes in plasma renin activity (PRA) and the plasma aldosterone (PA) level were studied prospectively in 101 patients at Taipei Municipal Women and Children Hospital from the 20th week of gestation to the 4th week postpartum. Average maternal age was 31.8 years old and average fetal birth weight was ...
Fournier A - - 1991
In normal pregnancy, cross-sectional clinical data do not consistently show plasma ANF concentration differences between early pregnancy and the nonpregnant state. Sequential data in the baboon (but not in rat) show a significant decrease in plasma ANF concentration and in cardiac filling pressures in early pregnancy. The latter data support ...
Greiff L - - 1991
This study examined effects of three substances that cause mucosal provocation (histamine, ethanol, and the detergent dioctylsodium sulphosuccinate (DOSS] on the flux of solutes across airway vascular mucosal barriers in anaesthetised guinea pigs. The inward flux was assessed as absorption of iodine-131 labelled albumin (MW 69,000) from the tracheobronchial surface ...
Jennings R W - - 1991
Premature infants and neonates are vulnerable to bacterial sepsis. This susceptibility may be due to the relative immaturity of their immune systems. To determine if neonates and, in particular, premature infants have decreased polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) phagocytosis, we tested PMN phagocytosis of Staphylococcus aureus as a function of gestational age ...
Haeger M - - 1991
Six hundred eighty-five primigravidas followed as a series had complement activation evaluated by the formation of anaphylatoxins (C3a and C5a) and terminal C5b-9 complement complexes in venous blood. Samples for complement determinations were obtained four times during pregnancy, in pregnancy weeks 12-16, 20-24, 28-32, and 34-36. Seven of the women ...
Holman R T - - 1991
In a group of 19 normal pregnant women, plasma lipids were extracted, phospholipids were isolated, and the fatty acid (FA) compositions were measured by capillary gas chromatography. Blood samples were taken at 36 wk, at labor, and at 6 wk postpartum. The FA profiles showed deficiencies of omega 6 and ...
Finn W L - - 1991
1. Plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), renin activity, aldosterone, sodium, potassium and serum total protein and albumin during and after 14 normal pregnancies were compared with age-matched controls. 2. None developed toxaemia and all delivered healthy babies. 3. During pregnancy, plasma renin activity and aldosterone were significantly (P less than ...
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