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Smith M A - - 1992
This study examined the effects of pregnancy and glucose loading on plasma and erythrocyte (RBC) magnesium (Mg) concentrations. In a completely randomized design with repeated measures, 15 nonpregnant, 15 early pregnant (13-17 weeks) and 15 late pregnant (28-34 weeks) women ingested 100 g glucose. Blood was collected at 0, 30, ...
Lowe S A - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the increase in extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) that occurs during pregnancy alters: (1) the baseline regulation of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP); or (2) the ANP response to intravascular volume expansion with either haemaccel or hypertonic saline. DESIGN: A group of normal pregnant subjects was studied longitudinally ...
Friedman S A - - 1992
This prospective, nested, case-control study investigated whether maternal plasma fetal fibronectin reflects reduced trophoblastic invasion at 16 to 20 weeks in women who later have preeclampsia. Concentrations of fetal fibronectin were 8.7 +/- 2.6 micrograms/ml in women with preeclampsia and 8.1 +/- 2.5 micrograms/ml in matched controls (p greater than ...
Johannessen S I - - 1992
An increased risk of seizures during and immediately after labour has been observed in epileptic women, and it is recognized that serum levels of antiepileptic drugs may decrease in pregnancy. Several studies have suggested that total valproate levels fall, but that free fractions increase during pregnancy. Recent findings suggest that ...
Cohen E P - - 1992
Mast cells may be more abundant in the tissues of uremic patients and may contribute to itching via mediator release. Because mast cell (MC) granule release may be inhibited by ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation, we investigated skin MC in the superficial dermis by quantitative histomorphometry before and after whole body ...
Rozdzinski E - - 1992
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a hematologic disorder which is clinically characterized by thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, fever, neurologic symptoms, and cardiac and renal involvement. The pathogenic mechanisms of this disease are poorly understood. It is well known that TTP is associated with pregnancy and that prognosis for the mother ...
Armanini D - - 1992
Mineralocorticoid effector mechanisms were evaluated in 29 patients with preeclampsia and in 25 uncomplicated pregnancies by measurement of plasma aldosterone, levels of mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) in mononuclear leucocytes, and subtraction potential difference (SPD; rectal minus oral values). Mean values for plasma aldosterone were not different between the two groups, but ...
Oguni N - - 1992
We determined plasma human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) levels in normal pregnancy and pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). The plasma hANP levels slightly decreased in the first trimester of normal pregnancy and tended to recover as pregnancy advanced, although these changes were slight. However, the plasma hANP level in puerperium was ...
Jakobi P - - 1992
The appearance of free digoxinlike immunoreactive factor in pregnancy and its rapid disappearance after delivery is well documented. The protein-bound fraction, a common component of plasma, does not change during pregnancy. We investigated the peripartum changes in both free and protein-bound fractions of digoxinlike immunoreactive factor and observed different peripartum ...
Hotta H - - 1992
The effects of noxious and non-noxious mechanical stimulation of various segmental skin areas (face, forelimb and forepaw, abdomen, hindlimb and hindpaw) on the secretion of immunoreactive corticotropin-releasing hormone (iCRH) from the hypothalamus into hypophysial portal blood was examined in artificially ventilated rats under halothane anesthesia. Secretion of iCRH was calculated ...
Morishima H O - - 1992
To test our hypotheses that the hemodynamic response to cocaine may be altered during pregnancy, cocaine (0.33 mg/kg/min) was infused intravenously to chronically catheterized pregnant and nonpregnant female rats. Cardiac output and regional blood flow were measured, and cocaine concentrations in plasma and tissues, as well as plasma cholinesterase activity ...
Macphail S - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the fall in plasma osmolality in normal human pregnancy resulted in cellular overhydration. DESIGN: The changes in erythrocyte hydration, potassium and total osmoles in response to a decrease in osmolality in vitro and associated with the fall in plasma osmolality in normal pregnancy were determined. SUBJECTS: ...
Thompson G N - - 1991
The transport characteristics of the placenta, which favour higher phenylalanine concentrations in the fetus than in the mother, and regression data of head circumference at birth against phenylalanine concentration at conception in maternal phenylketonuria (PKU), suggest that treatment of maternal PKU should ideally aim to maintain plasma phenylalanine concentration within ...
Selden B S - - 1991
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Acetaminophen freely crosses the placenta, and acetaminophen ingestion is the most frequent intentional overdose in pregnancy. Although most patients do well after maternal treatment with the antidote N-acetylcysteine (NAC), fetal death with massive hepatic necrosis has occurred. It has never been shown whether NAC crosses the placenta to ...
Wu S J - - 1991
Sequential changes in plasma renin activity (PRA) and the plasma aldosterone (PA) level were studied prospectively in 101 patients at Taipei Municipal Women and Children Hospital from the 20th week of gestation to the 4th week postpartum. Average maternal age was 31.8 years old and average fetal birth weight was ...
Fournier A - - 1991
In normal pregnancy, cross-sectional clinical data do not consistently show plasma ANF concentration differences between early pregnancy and the nonpregnant state. Sequential data in the baboon (but not in rat) show a significant decrease in plasma ANF concentration and in cardiac filling pressures in early pregnancy. The latter data support ...
Greiff L - - 1991
This study examined effects of three substances that cause mucosal provocation (histamine, ethanol, and the detergent dioctylsodium sulphosuccinate (DOSS] on the flux of solutes across airway vascular mucosal barriers in anaesthetised guinea pigs. The inward flux was assessed as absorption of iodine-131 labelled albumin (MW 69,000) from the tracheobronchial surface ...
Jennings R W - - 1991
Premature infants and neonates are vulnerable to bacterial sepsis. This susceptibility may be due to the relative immaturity of their immune systems. To determine if neonates and, in particular, premature infants have decreased polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) phagocytosis, we tested PMN phagocytosis of Staphylococcus aureus as a function of gestational age ...
Haeger M - - 1991
Six hundred eighty-five primigravidas followed as a series had complement activation evaluated by the formation of anaphylatoxins (C3a and C5a) and terminal C5b-9 complement complexes in venous blood. Samples for complement determinations were obtained four times during pregnancy, in pregnancy weeks 12-16, 20-24, 28-32, and 34-36. Seven of the women ...
Holman R T - - 1991
In a group of 19 normal pregnant women, plasma lipids were extracted, phospholipids were isolated, and the fatty acid (FA) compositions were measured by capillary gas chromatography. Blood samples were taken at 36 wk, at labor, and at 6 wk postpartum. The FA profiles showed deficiencies of omega 6 and ...
Finn W L - - 1991
1. Plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), renin activity, aldosterone, sodium, potassium and serum total protein and albumin during and after 14 normal pregnancies were compared with age-matched controls. 2. None developed toxaemia and all delivered healthy babies. 3. During pregnancy, plasma renin activity and aldosterone were significantly (P less than ...
Merkouris R W - - 1991
The influence of preeclampsia on the circulating concentrations of the 28-amino-acid carboxy terminus (C-terminus) (i.e., atrial natriuretic factor) and the amino terminus (N-terminus) of the 126-amino-acid atrial natriuretic factor prohormone (pro ANF) was studied in the third trimester with the use of three specific radioimmunoassays that recognize: (1) atrial natriuretic ...
Iwata I - - 1991
Maternal plasma concentrations of immunoreactive endothelin (ir-ET) during pregnancy, labour and after birth were measured by radioimmunoassay. Concentrations of ir-ET in the umbilical artery, umbilical vein, amniotic fluid and neonatal urine were also examined. The mean (+/- S.E.M.) plasma ir-ET concentration in early pregnancy (4-7 weeks) was 13.7 +/- 0.5 ...
Takeyama M - - 1991
The level of a gastrin releasing peptide-like immunoreactive substance (GRP-IS) in human milk and plasma during late pregnancy and after delivery was measured. GRP-IS in milk increased during late pregnancy (1.3 nM at 39 weeks) and decreased after delivery (100 pM). GRP-IS in plasma during late pregnancy and after delivery ...
Hau J - - 1991
A cyclic variation in plasma levels of pregnancy-associated murine protein-1 (PAMP-1) during the oestrus cycle in outbred Pan: Thei mice was recorded. PAMP-1 plasma levels were significantly elevated in dioestrus as compared with the three other stages of the murine oestrus cycle. Until day 7 of gestation the PAMP-1 plasma ...
Cetin I - - 1991
[1-13C]- and [1-14C]glycine were infused into chronically catheterized fetal lambs via a brachial vein. At tracer glycine steady state, samples were collected from the fetal abdominal aorta, umbilical vein, and fetal hepatic vein and from the maternal femoral artery and uterine vein. The samples were analyzed for plasma glycine and ...
Widness J A - - 1991
We administered tracer quantities of biologically active 125I-labelled recombinant human erythropoietin by intravenous bolus injection to seven late gestation pregnant ewes. Maternal and fetal blood was sampled over the subsequent six hours and assayed for erythropoietin-specific radioactivity. Despite the expected increase in maternal plasma immunoprecipitable 125I-labelled erythropoietin radioactivity, fetal plasma ...
Steegers E A - - 1991
Plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), right and left atrial areas and the diameter of the left atrium were studied serially during normal pregnancy and at 6 weeks post partum in 21 nulliparous women. Concentrations of ANP in plasma were significantly elevated during mid-pregnancy. Thereafter ANP levels were not significantly different ...
Otani S - - 1991
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) may be important in regulating vascular tone in humans. To understand the role of ET-1 during pregnancy, we measured the concentrations of plasma immunoreactive ET-1 in normal, toxemic (pre-eclamptic or eclamptic), and other complicated pregnancies. There were no significant differences between ET-1 concentrations in normal pregnancy and those ...
Ihara Y - - 1991
To examine the role of endothelin (ET) in the maternal and fetal circulation, the levels of endothelin-1-like immunoreactivity (ET-1-LI) in the plasma of maternal vein (MV), umbilical vein (UV), and umbilical artery (UA) were determined by a sensitive radioimmunoassay (RIA). Levels of ET-1-LI in MV did not show any significant ...
Xu R J - - 1991
1. The concentration and molecular profile of gastrin were examined in plasma and tissue extracts of fetal and neonatal pigs from 93 days gestation up to 12 weeks of age and also in the fetal gastric contents. 2. Gastrin was present in the gastrointestinal tract and plasma of fetal pigs ...
Fraidakis M - - 1991
Fibronectin is a plasma glycoprotein which is involved in coagulation, platelet function, tissue repair and the vascular endothelial basement membrane. Increase of plasma fibronectin levels in pre-eclamptic patients have been previously reported. There have been no reports however regarding plasma fibronectin levels during post term pregnancy. A significant decrease of ...
Taylor R N - - 1990
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disorder of uncertain cause and pathophysiology that appears to be associated with endothelial cell injury. Our current studies demonstrate that a pregnancy growth factor activity is elevated compared with postpartum values in the blood of women with preeclampsia months before the onset of clinical manifestations of ...
Borella P - - 1990
In this study, plasma levels of magnesium, calcium, zinc and copper were simultaneously determined in pregnancies complicated by either abortion, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), diabetes or EPH (edema, proteinuria, hypertension) gestosis. The levels of the four cations in non-pregnant women and in healthy, pregnant women were also determined. Compared with ...
Baylis C - - 1990
Studies were performed in conscious, chronically catheterized virgin, 8- to 9-day-pregnant, and 15- to 16-day-pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats in baseline state and after removal of 7.5% total blood volume. Measurements were made of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal plasma flow (RPF), renal vascular resistance (RVR), arterial blood pressure (AP), and urinary ...
Morrell J M - - 1990
There is a need for a simple and accurate method for detecting pregnancy in rabbits; the available methods are not ideal and may not provide the diagnosis at an appropriate time for the early remating of non-pregnant animals. This paper describes the use of an ELISA kit to measure progesterone ...
Wolfe C D - - 1990
Maternal plasma concentrations of corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) and endogenous digoxin-like immunoreactivity (EDLI) were estimated in 80 normal and 88 abnormal pregnancies which were sampled sequentially from 24 weeks gestation to delivery. A slope was fitted for each woman's antenatal EDLI and CRF values, both of which rose significantly during ...
Allolio B - - 1990
The circadian rhythm of salivary cortisol was studied in 10 healthy women every 4 weeks throughout pregnancy. In addition, in 12 women the diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol, serum cortisol, plasma ACTH, plasma CRH and serum progesterone were analysed in late third trimester pregnancy and again 3-5 days after delivery. ...
Sakoda S - - 1990
A successful pregnancy and delivery in a patient with neurogenic orthostatic hypotension and a past medical history of achalasia is described. Surprisingly, she was free from orthostatic hypotension during the last trimester, though the evaluation of adrenergic function by measurements of changes in plasma norepinephrine on standing and by the ...
Sinha Y N - - 1990
The concentrations of glycosylated (G-PRL) and nonglycosylated (non-G-PRL) forms of PRL and GH were measured during pregnancy in pigs of lean and obese (high backfat thickness) lines. Pregnant sows of the two genetic lines were killed, in groups of five to eight, at 60, 75, 90, and 105 days of ...
Thornton S - - 1990
The metabolic clearance rate (MCR) of oxytocin (OT) was determined by use of constant infusion techniques to achieve low and high plasma OT concentrations in 10 women in late pregnancy and again 8-10 wk postpartum (mean plasma oxytocinase activity was 2.1 IU/ml plasma at term and less than 0.1 IU/ml ...
Hatjis C G - - 1990
The secretion of atrial natriuretic factor by human atrial myocytes is stimulated by increased intraatrial pressure or atrial distention. To determine whether acute intravascular volume expansion affects atrial natriuretic factor concentrations during pregnancy, circulating atrial natriuretic factor levels were measured in pregnant women at term (before elective cesarean section) and ...
Mitropoulos K A - - 1990
The amidolytic activity of enzymes derived from factor XII (XIIa) was 3-fold higher in plasmas collected during pregnancy than from control subjects. Factor VII coagulant activity (VIIc) and XIIa increased in both kinds of plasmas on incubation on ice for 24 h (cold activation). These increases could be attributed to ...
Bisset L R - - 1990
The in vitro production of immunoglobulins in response to stimulation with pokeweed mitogen (PWM) and fixed/killed Staphylococcus aureus Cowan 1 (SAC) was measured in conjunction with in vivo assays of plasma immunoglobulin levels to examine the quality and quantity of humoral immunity during human pregnancy and at parturition. Following stimulation ...
Deslypere J P - - 1990
Plasma levels of total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDLC) and LDL cholesterol (LDLC), triacylglycerols (TG) and apoprotein (apo) A-I, A-II and B were measured in 516 women in the early puerperium. Different lipid plasma values (TC: 5.98 +/- 1.17 mmol/l, LDLC: 3.79 +/- 1.12 mmol/l, apo B: 108 +/- 24 ...
Katz V L - - 1990
Twelve healthy pregnant women were studied at 15, 25, and 35 weeks' gestation and at 8 to 12 weeks postpartum. Women were immersed for 20 minutes at 30 degrees C. They then exercised at 60% maximum oxygen capacity on a modified ergometer. Substantial diuresis and natriuresis occurred without changes in ...
Bozkurt A - - 1990
Acetylation of sulphamethoxazole was studied in 22 subjects previously phenotyped with sulphadimidine. Sulphamethoxazole and its acetylated metabolite were measured in 6 h plasma and 0-6 h urine samples. Percentage of plasma acetylated-sulphamethoxazole did not correlate with the percentage of urinary acetylated-sulphamethoxazole. There was also no correlation between the percentage of ...
Van Gogh H - - 1990
The influence of gestation on the pharmacokinetics of four sulphonamides was studied in goats before, during and after pregnancy. Similar doses were given as intravenous boluses of 50 mg kg-1 each. Results were compared with those of non-pregnant goats to eliminate seasonal effects. With sulphadimidine elimination was mainly apparently first-order. ...
Heinze T - - 1990
The concentration of thiamine (vitamin B1) was measured in blood cells and plasma from mothers with normal pregnancy and from mothers whose pregnancy was complicated by intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Thiamine concentrations were estimated by the thiochrome method using HPLC separation and fluorimetric detection according to Weber et al. (2). ...
Leibman D - - 1990
Plasma pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) concentrations decrease 50% in pregnant mice and erythrocyte PLP levels increase threefold over nonpregnant levels. These studies were designed to determine whether changes in the enzymes involved in synthesis and degradation of PLP in blood are altered during pregnancy. We measured net synthesis of PLP in ...
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