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Results 551 - 600 of 1078
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Hellstern P - - 1997
We established reference ranges for factor VII clotting activity (FVII:C), factor VII amidolytic activity (FVII:AM), and activated factor VII (FVIIa) in 102 healthy individuals. The reference ranges were 65-160 U/100 ml, 70-165 U/100 ml, and 30-170 mU/ml, respectively (2.5 and 97.5 percentiles). Freezing and thawing of the plasma samples had ...
Chiasson J L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the effect of pregnancy on glucose turnover and gluconeogenesis in healthy women and in women with well-controlled insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Clinical research unit of the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Five healthy pregnant women and 6 pregnant women with IDDM. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Zeijdner E E - - 1997
During singleton pregnancy, maternal essential fatty acid (EFA) status decreases progressively. After multiple pregnancy it can be expected that the neonatal and maternal EFA status is even lower. To study whether the maternal EFA supply to the fetus is a limiting factor to the neonatal EFA status, we compared the ...
Smeaton T C - - 1997
A single bolus dose of theophylline (Th; 5 mg/kg) was administered through the abdominal catheter in nonpregnant and pregnant rats to measure unbound fraction (fu) of Th in pregnancy. After 90 min blood samples were collected. Plasma was extracted with a solvent system comprising chloroform and isopropyl alcohol (IPA) followed ...
Friedman S A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of fetal endothelial involvement in preeclampsia by measuring fetal plasma concentrations of cellular fibronectin. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, fetal plasma was collected at delivery from the chorionic plate arteries and veins in a convenience sample of 28 pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and in ...
Kato H - - 1997
Fetal levels of a representative lipid peroxide malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured as an index of oxidative stress in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia (n = 19) and in normal pregnancy (n = 23). PO2, PCO2 and pH were also measured in umbilical venous blood obtained by cordocentesis. Plasma MDA levels rose ...
Kolben M - - 1997
Our purpose was to determine the levels in plasma of angiogenin in healthy pregnant women and to examine whether there are differences between uncomplicated pregnancies and patients with the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets, preeclampsia-eclampsia, and highly pathologic Doppler flow findings without additional complications. Angiogenin was ...
Comeglio P - - 1996
Pregnancy is considered as a hypercoagulable state and an increased incidence of thromboembolic phenomena has been reported in pregnant women. Relevant changes in the hemostatic mechanism have been reported during physiological pregnancy: briefly, increased levels of coagulation factors, enhanced thrombin generation and suppression of fibrinolysis are commonly found in women ...
Puza S - - 1996
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a disorder of unknown etiology affecting the microcirculation of multiple organ systems. Plasma therapy has significantly reduced the mortality rate; thus, an increased incidence of recurrence has been noted. Since corticosteroids, antiplatelet agents, and splenectomy do not prevent recurrences, monthly plasma infusion have been instituted ...
Tamura T - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) genotypes on pregnancy outcome, the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension, and changes in blood pressure (BP) during pregnancy; and the relationship between plasma ACE activities and plasma and erythrocyte zinc concentrations in each genotype. METHODS: The subjects (n = 191) were selected ...
Godfrey K M - - 1996
As insulin is a major fetal growth hormone, we have related the mother's nutrient intakes (assessed by a food frequency questionnaire) and other influences associated with fetal growth to the baby's concentrations of insulin and its propeptides in umbilical cord plasma. Among 391 term babies studied, those whose mothers had ...
Liapi C A - - 1996
High levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) circulate in the plasma of pregnant women especially during the third trimester and even higher levels have been reported in abnormal pregnancies of various etiologies. One of these etiologies is pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). OBJECTIVE: To measure CRH blood levels with a sensitive method in ...
Irons D W - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether human pregnancy alters the metabolic clearance and natriuretic effect of atrial natriuretic peptide. STUDY DESIGN: The metabolic clearance rate of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP 99-126) was measured serially in nine normotensive primigravid women studied in early and late pregnancy and again 4 months ...
Sturgiss S N - - 1996
Pregnancy in healthy women is associated with increments in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and effective renal plasma flow (ERPF). We hypothesized that the hyperfiltration of normal pregnancy attenuates or exhausts renal reserve. In 21 healthy females studied serially in early and late pregnancy and then on average 15 wk postpartum, ...
Schröcksnadel H - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To examine levels of serum tryptophan and its degradation product kynurenine in uncomplicated pregnancy, according to the week of pregnancy and the concentrations of neopterin. METHODS: Plasma was analyzed from 45 healthy pregnant women (15 in each trimester), 15 healthy puerperas, and 20 nonpregnant controls. Tryptophan and kynurenine were ...
Johnson M R - - 1996
Recent data suggest that the ovarian peptide relaxin is responsible for the pregnancy-associated fall in plasma osmolality in the rat. In order to test whether relaxin has the same role during human pregnancy, plasma osmolality, electrolytes, urea and creatinine were measured in samples obtained at 10, 20 and 30 weeks ...
Steinberg F M - - 1996
A woman with primary lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency developed marked hypertriglyceridemia, pancreatitis, eruptive xanthomas, and unusual palmar xanthomas during pregnancy. Hypotheses to account for the palmar xanthomas were that oxidative modification of triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins occurred due to increased plasma residence time, or that their apolipoprotein E (apoE) content was ...
Roberts M - - 1996
Hyperfiltration precedes renal function loss in several nephropathies. Animal studies suggest this may be due to accompanying increases in transglomerular capillary hydrostatic pressure difference (delta P) and/or altered glomerular processing of macromolecules. Renal hemodynamics increase strikingly in human pregnancy. To test the hypothesis that these alterations are not potentially harmful, ...
Al M D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationships between the essential fatty acid (EFA) composition of maternal diet, maternal EFA status and the EFA status of healthy newborn infants. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was performed in which 176 pregnant women completed a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) before 13, at 22, and at ...
Garland M - - 1996
The devastating impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection during pregnancy has made the pharmacologic evaluation of potentially therapeutic agents of high priority. The results presented here are the maternal pharmacokinetics from a series of experiments to delineate more clearly the complex maternal-fetal pharmacokinetics and the effects of AZT in ...
Al Senaidy A M - - 1996
Plasma alpha- and gamma-tocopherol were monitored in pregnant women throughout healthy gestational periods and after delivery and were compared with that of non pregnant women. The mean plasma alpha-tocopherol and gamma-tocopherol concentrations in non pregnant Saudi women (15.2 +/- 1.3 and 1.8 +/- 0.2 mumol/l respectively) were found within normal ...
Spronsen, Francinus Johannes van
In this thesis, attention is paid to growth which may be impaired due the severe dietary Phe restriction; the possibility of distinction between patients with differences in PAH enzyme activity by direct measurement of the in-vivo phenylalanine hydroxylation; plasma Phe and Tyr concentrations in response to different distributions of the ...
Cunze T - - 1996
Fibronectin can be detected in the plasma and the extracellular matrix of the uterus of pregnant women. Studies so far have compared individual observations, whilst serial investigations during pregnancy, and during and after parturition have not been carried out. Plasma fibronectin levels were measured in 153 women with healthy pregnancies ...
Kandoussi A M - - 1996
Whole plasma from 6 normolipidemic chronic renal failure (CRF) patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment was passed through the anti-apolipoprotein (Apo) AI immunosorbent column connected to the anti-Apo B immunoaffinity column. Apo AI and B containing particles were analyzed for lipid and Apo contents. The results were compared with findings obtained in ...
Petraglia F - - 1996
Corticotropin-releasing hormone-binding protein (CRFBP) is a 37-kD protein of 322 amino acids, containing one putative N-glycosylation site and 11 cysteines, 10 of which remain in the mature molecule (298 amino acids) and result essential for the action. CRFBP protein gene has been cloned and mapped to the distal region of ...
Pekelharing H L - - 1995
The current prevalent view is that plasma lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] concentrations are under strong genetic control. Most dietary and drug interventions seem to have little or no effect on plasma Lp(a) levels. However, evidence for a possible regulatory rol e of hormones is accumulating, for instance, fluctuations of Lp(a) levels during ...
Benson C A - - 1995
1. Bilaterally adrenalectomized adult sheep, taken off replacement therapy, exhibit decreased plasma sodium, and increased plasma potassium, urinary sodium excretion and urinary sodium:potassium ratio. The hypothesis tested was that these effects would not be seen in adrenalectomized ovine fetuses, due to the mother being the major regulator of fetal fluid ...
Owiny J R - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of increased myometrial contractility throughout the last third of pregnancy on the ovine fetal response to short-term hypoxemia. METHODS: Oxytocin (600 microU/kg/minute, n = 5) or saline (n = 7) was infused for 5 minutes every 20 minutes into ...
Seki H - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to investigate whether the TXA2 synthase inhibitor, ozagrel, was effective in the treatment and prevention of pre-eclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Ozagrel was administrated therapeutically to 4 severely pre-eclamptic women, and prophylactically to 5 pregnant women with histories of severe preeclampsia and complications. RESULTS: The therapeutic administration ...
Pedersen J F - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To study in an optimized design the possible relation between serum levels in weeks 8-14 of human placental lactogen and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A and fetal size at delivery. METHODS: Analysis of data from 93 normal singleton pregnancies. Gestational age was assessed from a sonographic crown-rump length measurement. Serum ...
Breese C R - - 1995
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy has been shown to have profound developmental and behavioral effects on the fetus; however, the specific cause of these abnormalities remains unknown. These studies examined the consequences of chronic ethanol exposure during pregnancy on the regulation of maternal plasma and hepatic insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), and ...
Al M D - - 1995
Although essential fatty acids (EFA) and their longer chain, more unsaturated derivatives play a major role during pregnancy, hardly any information is available with respect to the course of the maternal EFA status during an uncomplicated pregnancy and its relationship to the neonatal EFA status. Therefore, a longitudinal study was ...
Teruel J L - - 1995
Pregnancy and delivery in homozygous familial hypercholesterolemic (HFH) patients is extremely rare. We describe the case of a woman with HFH treated with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis by dextran sulfate adsorption who became pregnant and reached delivery uneventfully. LDL apheresis was performed biweekly, and lipoprotein analyses in pre-apheresis samples showed ...
Davenport M - - 1995
The mechanisms which initiate and maintain the energy partitioning into maternal tissues during pregnancy are unknown. The present study shows that in each of the weeks prior to pregnancy in the rat, plasma beta-cell tropin (beta CT) concentrations (nmol/l) were 0.68 +/- 0.10, 0.61 +/- 0.14 and 0.73 +/- 0.11 ...
Murotsuki J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of chronic fetal placental embolization on fetal plasma prostaglandin E2 concentrations. STUDY DESIGN: Fourteen pregnant sheep were studied (seven embolized and seven controls) for 10 days between 0.84 and 0.91 of gestation. Daily injections of nonradioactive microspheres were made ...
Gibson K J - - 1995
1. To determine the extracellular volume (ECV) in fetal sheep and its distribution between the plasma and interstitial spaces, ECV, blood volume (BV) and haematocrit were measured in ten chronically catheterized fetal sheep aged 121-133 days. Relationships with age, weight and other fetal variables, including glomerular filtration rate (GFR), were ...
Oxvig C - - 1995
In sera from pregnant women, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) circulates as a disulfide-bound complex (approximately 474 kDa) with the proform of eosinophil major basic protein (proMBP) (Oxvig, C., Sand, O., Kristensen, T., Gleich, G. J., and Sottrup-Jensen, L. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 12243-12246). We have produced monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) ...
Mu?oz A - - 1995
AIMS: The effects on fetal growth of hyperlipidaemia in pregnancy are not well understood at present. In this study the different lipid fractions in normal pregnancies and pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) were determined and related to changes in plasma and serum viscosity. METHODS: Two groups of pregnant ...
Francalanci I - - 1995
In pregnant women a number of changes in blood clotting and fibrinolysis proteins have been reported so indicating the existence of a state of hypercoagulability. In addition to fibrinogen and antithrombin III (AT), D-dimer is frequently checked during pregnancy, in particular during at risk pregnancy, but the exact pattern of ...
Villaneuva G R - - 1995
The permeability of the placental barrier to bromosulphophthalein (BSP) is believed to be very low. Whether this property is shared by other cholephilic organic anions, such as fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC), is not known. When BSP was injected (140 mumol/kg body wt) into the left jugular vein of non-pregnant or pregnant ...
McLean M - - 1995
We report the existence of a 'placental clock', which is active from an early stage in human pregnancy and determines the length of gestation and the timing of parturition and delivery. Using a prospective, longitudinal cohort study of 485 pregnant women we have demonstrated that placental secretion of corticotropin-releasing hormone ...
Battaglia C - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hemorrheological modifications in post-term pregnant women. METHODS: Pregnant women (n = 48) at > 280 days' gestation, were tested on alternate days by nonstress test; ultrasound assessment of amniotic fluid volume, placental grading, hourly measurement of fetal urine production, and maternal fetal Doppler analysis. We further ...
Hsia S H - - 1995
Severe hypertriglyceridemia causing pancreatitis is a rare complication of pregnancy, usually occurring in the second and third trimesters. Treatment includes a very low-fat diet, intravenous fluids, total parenteral nutrition, and plasma apheresis. In this article, the authors report the case of a pregnant woman who presented with a plasma triglyceride ...
Stanley K - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an alteration in gastric emptying contributes to an altered postprandial glycaemic response in normal pregnancy. DESIGN: A longitudinal study in normal pregnancy and postpartum. SETTING: Teaching hospital in Sheffield. SUBJECTS: Primigravid women with uncomplicated pregnancies. INTERVENTIONS: Simultaneous meal tolerance and paracetamol absorption tests. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Wong L - - 1995
Genetic variation in fetal survival, maternal plasma androgen levels, and ovarian aromatase activity was examined mid (Day 9) and late gestation (Day 16) in strains of mice that differ in reproductive performance (A/J, C57BL/6J, C8/JIs, C17/JIs, and S15/JIs). At both gestational stages, females selected for large litter size (S15/JIs) carried ...
Tsakonas D P - - 1995
An enzyme-like immunosorbent assay and a blood autoanalyser were used to determine macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) levels and the absolute number and percentage of circulating monocytes in 80 normal women with singleton pregnancies at 12-40 weeks' gestation, and ten healthy non-pregnant volunteers. The mean values of M-CSF and absolute number ...
Lindheimer M D - - 1995
This review stresses changes in osmoregulation as well as the secretion and metabolism of arginine vasopressin during pregnancy, focusing on human gestation. Pregnant women experience a decrease in body tonicity, plasma osmolality decreasing immediately after conception to a nadir approximately 10 mosmol/kg below non-pregnant levels early in pregnancy, after which ...
Oliver M H - - 1995
It has been suggested, but not shown, that in the fetus placental lactogen (PL) may affect the regulation of the IGFs and fetal metabolism. To examine the effects of PL on the circulating concentrations of the IGFs, IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs), glucose, free fatty acids (FFAs) and amino nitrogen (AN), we ...
Malamitsi-Puchner A - - 1995
This study aimed to establish normal endothelin (ET) ranges in non malformed appropriate for gestational age fetuses of 18-24 weeks gestation and to investigate a possible correlation between maternal and fetal ET plasma levels. Twenty "mother-fetus" pairs were included in the study. The determination of ET 1-21 was performed by ...
Mikhail M S - - 1995
It has been hypothesized that, in preeclampsia, hypertriglyceridemia may lead to increased endothelial triglyceride accumulation that, in turn, may result in endothelial cell damage. The purpose of our study was to determine whether hypertriglyceridemia is associated with the severity of preeclampsia. We studied 29 preeclamptic patients and 46 normal pregnant ...
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