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Results 451 - 500 of 1106
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Heikkinen Tuija - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although citalopram has gained wide acceptance in the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders, its use during pregnancy and lactation has been poorly characterized. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of citalopram in relation to concentrations of citalopram and its metabolites during pregnancy ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between adenosine deaminase activity and plasma adenosine was examined in non-pregnancy as well as in singleton and twin pregnancies. METHODS: Whole-blood samples were taken from 11 singleton and 11 dichorionic twin pregnant women during the third trimester. The plasma adenosine levels were assayed with a modified high-performance ...
Power Lynsey L - - 2002
Regulation of the maternal immune response to the fetal allograft is essential for the success of pregnancy and delivery of a well-developed neonate. Numerous mechanisms have been postulated to mediate this. We hypothesised that the potent immunosuppressive molecules TGF-beta1 and IL-10 could contribute to this regulation in the mother and ...
Shord Stacy S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Both oxaliplatin and ormaplatin undergo biotransformation to Pt(dach)Cl2 with studies suggesting a predictive relationship between systemic exposure to Pt(dach)Cl2 and the severity of the delayed sensory neuropathy associated with ormaplatin. Studies characterizing the pharmacokinetic parameters of oxaliplatin and Pt(dach)Cl2 in humans have not been reported. This study was conducted ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between plasma ET-1 levels and T helper-1 (Th1):Th2 immunity in women with twin pregnancies. The percentage of Th1 and Th2 cells and the Th1:Th2 cell ratios in peripheral blood from 13 normal singleton pregnant women and 13 patients with twin ...
Seeber Ruth M - - 2002
Leptin, the 16-kDa peptide hormone product of the ob gene, regulates body weight via the hypothalamus but also influences several aspects of reproductive function. Results of previous studies have suggested that pregnancy is a state of leptin resistance, because food consumption remains stable or increases despite a progressive rise in ...
An T H - - 2002
TT-235 is a potent oxytocin (OT) antagonist that blocks the action of OT at the receptor level. Previous studies have shown that pregnant baboons demonstrate nocturnal uterine contractions induced by OT as they near delivery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in plasma OT levels following ...
Shetty Dhanashri N - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the levels of plasma neurotransmitters epinephrine, norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine with memory in healthy, pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty healthy, pregnant women were selected in the first trimester and followed in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Nonpregnant women served as controls. Epinephrine, norepinephrine, serotonin and ...
Ehrhardt Richard A - - 2002
To better understand the biology of leptin during prenatal life, the developmental and spatial regulation of leptin was studied in ovine fetuses. Fetal plasma leptin increased steadily between days 40 and 143 postcoitus (PC), but it was unrelated to fetal weight or placental weight at day 135 PC. Leptin gene ...
He Yan-Ling - - 2002
These results indicate that fetal exposure to propofol can vary considerably depending on maternal plasma albumin concentration. A fractional change in the maternal protein binding of propofol can result in a relatively large difference in fetal exposure.
Crocker I - - 2002
Hench considered that cortisone improved inflammatory joint symptoms during pregnancy and obstructive jaundice. However, the improved symptoms are probably due to changes in the proportions of fatty acids in plasma and inflammatory cell phospholipids. These changes decrease the superoxide anions and eicosanoids produced and also reduce tumour necrosis factor alpha ...
Molloy Anne M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the nutritional and genetic factors that influence fetal plasma homocysteine concentrations. STUDY DESIGN: Maternal and umbilical cord venous blood was taken from 201 women who were delivered after uncomplicated pregnancies of 37 to 41 gestational weeks. Red blood cell folate, plasma ...
Hiramatsu Takeshi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) is closely related with patients' hemodynamics after the Fontan procedure and endothelin-1 (ET-1) may play an important role in pulmonary circulation. Modified ultrafiltration (MUF) is known to remove inflammatory mediators after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. The time courses of plasma ET-1 and PVR were examined ...
Vallet J L - - 2002
The interrelationships among d-11 conceptus size, d-105 placental weight, placental efficiency (the ability of the placenta to support fetal growth and development), fetal erythropoiesis, and uterine capacity were examined in 1/2 Meishan, 1/2 White crossbred gilts that were unilaterally ovariohysterectomized at 90 to 100 d of age. In Exp. 1, ...
Pacora P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a relationship between the presence of histological signs of inflammation in the extraplacental membranes and umbilical cord and the concentrations of fetal plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6). METHODS: The study examined a cohort of patients who were admitted with preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of ...
Gamzu Ronni - - 2002
In order to differentiate between the contributions of cellular and plasmatic factors to the elevated aggregation in pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), we determined RBC aggregation in autologous plasma and in plasma-free medium. The aggregation was determined as a function of shear stress, to evaluate the strength of the intercellular interaction. These ...
Ben-Haroush Avi - - 2002
Our aim was to investigate whether decreased levels of vitamin E can be measured during the early stages of pregnancy in women at risk of developing preeclampsia or other associated complications before the onset of the clinical syndrome. We prospectively measured the plasma concentrations of vitamin E in 62 pregnant ...
Zhong Xiao Yan XY Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Basel, Schanzenstrasse 46, CH-4031 Basel, - - 2002
Elevations in cell free fetal DNA has previously been determined in pregnancies affected by preeclampsia. A recent report has indicated that cell free fetal DNA concentrations are elevated early in pregnancy before disease onset. As we have recently performed a prospective study to examine fetal cell traffic in pregnancies at ...
Axmon A - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to assess the association between 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (CB-153) in plasma, a biomarker of exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), and time to pregnancy (TTP) in a group of women with a varying dietary exposure to PCB. For 121 Swedish east coast fishermen's wives (median year of ...
McGladdery S H - - 2001
Pregnancy is associated with increases in plasma total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG). Individuals with decreased LPL activity have a mild form of hypertriglyceridemia. Variations in the apolipoprotein E (apoE) gene have been associated with increases in plasma TG in addition to differences in plasma TC, LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), and ...
Delanghe J R - - 2001
Hemopexin is a heme-binding plasma glycoprotein which, after haptoglobin, forms the second line of defense against hemoglobin-mediated oxidative damage during intravascular hemolysis. A decrease in plasma hemopexin concentration reflects a recent release of heme compounds in the extracellular compartment. Heme-hemopexin complexes are delivered to hepatocytes by receptor-mediated endocytosis after which ...
Spaanderman M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The majority of women with a history of preeclampsia have either an underlying thrombophilic disorder or a vascular disorder. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that only the latter condition predisposes for abnormal hemodynamic adaptation to pregnancy. METHODS: Thirty-seven formerly preeclamptic subjects were subdivided into a hypertensive (HYPERT, ...
Cotter A M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine if an elevated plasma homocysteine level in early pregnancy is associated with the development of severe preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Blood samples were obtained from patients attending their first antenatal visit. Cases were asymptomatic women who subsequently developed severe preeclampsia. Controls were ...
Rijnders R J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine first-trimester fetal sex by isolating free fetal DNA from maternal plasma. METHODS: The index case was a pregnant woman who previously delivered a girl with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The SRY gene as a marker for the fetal Y chromosome was detected in maternal serum and plasma by ...
Pertl B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review the potential clinical diagnostic applications of fetal DNA analysis in maternal plasma or serum for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis and screening. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a MEDLINE search of articles published between January 1970 and March 2000 using the key terms "fetal DNA," "plasma," and "serum." METHODS OF ...
Hahn S - - 2001
Elevations in the concentration of cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma have recently been determined in various pregnancy-related disorders, including preeclampsia, preterm labor, and polyhydramnios. In addition, almost 2-fold increments in cell-free fetal DNA levels have been recorded in pregnancies with certain aneuploid fetuses, in particular trisomy 21. These findings ...
Smid M - - 2001
An increased fetal DNA concentration in maternal plasma has been observed in placental pathological conditions associated with hypertension and preeclampsia. To confirm these data, we performed real-time quantitative PCR on the SRY gene in a group of physiological and pathological male-bearing pregnancies. In 78 physiological pregnancies, fetal DNA concentration in ...
Laird S M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in humans and mice have suggested the importance of leptin in fetal growth. Recurrent miscarriage may be a result of abnormal placental and/or fetal development and therefore abnormal leptin levels may be associated with this form of pregnancy loss. METHODS: Leptin and leptin-binding activity (LBA) were measured ...
Maggioni C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) increases are reported during normal pregnancy, but the relation to arterial pressure and the renin-angiotensin system is debatable. We assessed whether normotensive pregnancies with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) present an alteration of maternal ANP levels. DESIGN: A total of 11 pregnant women with IUGR, in ...
Ødegård R A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between umbilical plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in relation to fetal growth in subgroups of preeclampsia, and in control pregnancies. METHODS: Umbilical cord plasma was collected from 12,804 consecutive births. A total of 271 singleton cases of preeclampsia were identified, and classified as mild or ...
Chiloiro M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of pregnancy on gastrointestinal function, we determined gastric emptying time, orocecal transit time, and fasting gastrointestinal hormone levels (cholecystokinin, gastrin, pancreatic polypeptide, neurotensin) in 11 women with mild dyspeptic symptoms during the first and third trimesters of their pregnancies, and again 4-6 months after delivery. ...
Kinoshita S - - 2001
Upshaw-Schulman syndrome (USS) is a congenital bleeding disorder characterized by repeated episodes of thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia that respond to infusions of fresh frozen plasma. Inheritance of USS has been thought to be autosomal recessive, because 2 siblings in the same family are often affected but their parents are ...
Frederiksen M C - - 2001
Changes in maternal physiology occur normally during pregnancy and have the potential to alter the absorption, distribution, and elimination of drugs used therapeutically in pregnant women. These physiologic changes include: plasma volume expansion and increases in extracellular fluid space and total body water; decreased plasma albumin concentration; a compensated respiratory ...
Andrews Z B - - 2001
This study investigated whether the PRL surge that precedes parturition is accompanied by a decrease in activity of hypothalamic tuberoinfundibular dopamine (TIDA) neurons, as occurs during the PRL surges of early pregnancy. Serial blood samples were collected at regular intervals during early and late pregnancy via chronic indwelling jugular cannulae, ...
Morishima H O - - 2001
We tested our hypothesis that pregnancy alters the pharmacokinetic profile of benzoylecgonine, and that this metabolite accumulates in the fetus longer than in the mother. Chronically catheterized near-term pregnant and nonpregnant female Sprague-Dawley rats received an intravenous infusion of benzoylecgonine over a period of 30 min. Adult or fetal blood ...
Xu Z - - 2001
In ovine and human pregnancy, fetal swallowing contributes importantly to amniotic fluid homeostasis. Fetal dipsogenic responsiveness to short-term plasma hyperosmolality develops in late gestation, although fetal swallowing is not stimulated in response to long-term plasma osmolality increases (2 to 3%), which typically stimulate adult drinking behavior. To explore the near-term ...
Kametas N N Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, King's College Hospital, and Imperial College School of Medicine, London, - - 2001
To investigate haemorheological changes during pregnancy in a Latin American population and compare to previously published data from Caucasian populations. Cross-sectional study. 75 pregnant women at 10-36 wk of gestation and 17 non-pregnant female controls in Lima, Peru. All the women and their ancestors for three generations were born and ...
De Vriese S R - - 2001
In 24 healthy pregnant women, parameters related to the oxidative stability of low density lipoproteins (LDL) were determined at three times during pregnancy and shortly after delivery. The fatty acid composition of plasma phospholipids (PL) and the plasma concentrations of vitamin E, vitamin A, and beta-carotene were assessed in the ...
Grasso G - - 2001
PROBLEM: Plasma interferon (IFN)-beta levels, lymphocyte responsiveness, and evaluation of the relationship between circulating antiviral activity (AA) and IFN-gamma production were studied in pregnant women and nonpregnant age-matched controls with the objective of elucidating the downregulation of IFN-gamma production in successful pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY: In plasma and supernatants of ...
Zachara B A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the selenium glutathione and glutathione peroxidase (glutathione-Px) levels in blood in women who experience miscarriage. DESIGN: An observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Forty women with miscarriage occurring in the first and second trimesters. METHODS: Concentrations were measured in whole blood and plasma. Glutathione was measured in red cells and ...
van den Ham E C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We previously observed an inverse relation between parity and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) status in pregnant women in the Netherlands. This implies that maternal DHA status may not fully normalize after a mature pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the relation between the essential fatty acid status (in particular ...
Zhong X Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Elevated amounts of circulating fetal deoxyribonucleic acid in maternal plasma have recently been detected in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia. We attempted to confirm this finding and simultaneously examined the quantity of maternal circulating deoxyribonucleic acid. STUDY DESIGN: Circulating deoxyribonucleic acid was measured by realtime quantitative polymerase chain reaction in ...
Thureen P J - - 2001
We developed a model of maternal hyperglycaemia with secondary hyperinsulinaemia and hypoaminoacidaemia in pregnant sheep (H) to determine the effect of these conditions on uterine, uteroplacental and fetal amino-acid uptake rates and fetal amino-acid concentrations [AA]. Results were compared with normal pregnant ewes (C). Plasma glucose concentrations were greater in ...
Otto S J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although the pattern of the essential fatty acids (EFAs) changes considerably from week 10 of pregnancy to term, no information is available on changes in EFA concentrations in the early stages of pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The main objectives were to assess the EFA status, particularly that of 22:6n-3, in women ...
Ahmed, I.
This study examined the different molecular forms of CRH in normal and preeclampsia maternal plasma and protease-blocked placental extracts using antibodies to different regions of the CRH precursor, pro-CRH. In the absence of protease inhibitors, chromatographed normal placental extracts contained four peaks of immunoreactivity corresponding to unprocessed approximately 19-kDa pro-CRH, ...
Wang Z - - 2001
In order to evaluate the predictive value of maternal plasma fibronectin (FN) concentration at 24-34 weeks on fetal intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), a prospective double-blinded study was performed. The maternal plasma FN concentrations were measured by using a rate nephelometric procedure in the 130 initial normal nulliparous pregnant woman at ...
Ferguson S E - - 2001
Homocysteine is a sulfur-containing amino acid produced by the breakdown of methionine. Plasma homocysteine levels can be elevated due to a variety of genetic and nutritional factors. Poor nutrition from diets low in folate and vitamin B12 can lead to hyperhomocysteinemia. Mildly elevated levels of homocysteine have been implicated in ...
Hedriana H L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize the increases of salivary estriol concentrations before the onset of labor at term. STUDY DESIGN: Salivary estriol concentrations were measured in weekly patient-collected samples by means of a sensitive (mean +/- SD threshold, 0.025 +/- 0.001 ng/mL; coefficient of variation, 3.8%) ...
De Vriese S R - - 2001
It has been demonstrated that in pathological conditions with an increase in the calculated mean melting point (MMP) of phospholipid (PL) fatty acids (FA) there are changes in the composition of the saturated FA (SFA), which partially counteract this effect: shorter-chain SFA with lower melting points are increased, while longer-chain ...
Hoshimoto K - - 2001
The Fas/Fas ligand system could reportedly help to identify a mechanism for maternal immunotolerance of the fetus in human pregnancy. However, there are few reports on soluble Fas (sFas) which is an inhibitor of apoptosis during normal pregnancy. Therefore, ascertaining plasma sFas levels during pregnancy would be of interest. The ...
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