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Dean Matthew M Department of Biological Sciences, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID 83201, - - 2014
We have determined uterine glycogen content, metabolizing enzyme expression and activity in the mink, a species that exhibits obligatory embryonic diapause, resulting in delayed implantation. Gross uterine glycogen concentrations were highest in estrus, decreased 50% by diapause and 90% in pregnancy (P≤0.05). Endometrial glycogen deposits, which localized primarily to glandular ...
Batig Alison L AL Madigan Army Medical Center, 9040 Fitzsimmons Drive, ATTN: MCHJ-CLG, Tacoma, WA - - 2014
To evaluate the utility of pipelle endometrial sampling as a diagnostic tool in the evaluation of abnormal first trimester gestations. Thirty-one women with abnormal first trimester pregnancies defined as gestations with abnormally rising or falling quantitative human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) levels and ultrasound findings consistent with a nonviable or ectopic ...
Chasan-Taber Lisa L Division of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health & Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts , Amherst, MA , USA - - 2014
Objective: Prior studies of the association between physical activity and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy have been conflicting; the majority focused on leisure-time activity only, did not use physical activity questionnaires validated for pregnancy, and were conducted in primarily non-Hispanic white populations. Methods: We prospectively evaluated this association among 1240 Hispanic ...
Kuja-Halkola Ralf R Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, P.O. Box 281, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
Maternal smoking during pregnancy (SDP) has been associated with several psychiatric outcomes in the offspring; studies have questioned whether the associations are causal, however. We analyzed all children born in Sweden between 1983 and 2009 to investigate the effect of SDP on multiple indicators of adverse outcomes in three areas: ...
Lumish Rachel A RA Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY; - - 2014
A relation between pica (the craving and purposive consumption of nonfood items) during pregnancy and anemia is observed frequently. However, few studies related pica behaviors to biomarkers of iron status, and little is known about pica prevalence in U.S. pregnant adolescents. To address this, we undertook a longitudinal study examining ...
Min Jaspur J Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63130, - - 2014
Our objective was to measure the sensitivity and specificity of a six-item "pregnancy checklist" at excluding early- or luteal-phase pregnancy among women with a negative urine pregnancy test who were initiating contraception. This was a secondary analysis of the Contraceptive CHOICE Project, a prospective cohort study of 9256 women in ...
Gonçalves Hernâni H Center for Research in Health Technologies and Information Systems (CINTESIS), Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Plácido da Costa, s/n, 4200-450, Porto, Portugal. - - 2014
Differences in fetal neurodevelopment can have important implications on future perceptual and learning capabilities. The aim of this study was to assess autonomic nervous system and complexity dynamics in fetal heart rate (FHR) tracings from 27 singleton fetuses in cephalic or breech presentations, matched for gestational age (37(+3) -40(+4) weeks), ...
Knudsen Ann Kristin AK Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway, - - 2014
Maternal risk drinking may be a risk factor for child behavior problems even if the mother has discontinued this behavior. Whether pre-pregnancy risk drinking is an independent predictor of child behavior problems, or whether a potential effect may be explained by maternal alcohol use during and after pregnancy or other ...
Brandon Anna R AR Department of Psychiatry, Center for Women's Mood Disorders, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; and Department of Psychiatry, Neurosciences Hospital, Chapel Hill, North - - 2014
Psychosocial and behavioral interventions are used to address substance use and dependence during pregnancy, having particular value when providers and pregnant women are seeking to minimize drug exposures to the fetus. Numerous factors, including difficulty recruiting participants and the ethical challenges to conducting randomized controlled trials with women during pregnancy, ...
MacKinnon Anna L AL Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
The present longitudinal study examined the relations between plasma oxytocin, theory of mind, and maternal interactive behavior during the perinatal period. A community sample of women was assessed at 12-14 weeks gestation, 32-34 weeks gestation, and 7-9 weeks postpartum. Oxytocin during late pregnancy was significantly positively correlated with a measure ...
Lueders Imke - - 2014
Since it is reported to be difficult to establish Asiatic golden cat (Catopuma temmincki) breeding pairs in captivity as a result of overaggressive behavior of the male, artificial insemination (AI) may be a desired option by which to achieve pregnancy. This approach was chosen in the present case involving a ...
Mollborn Stefanie S University of Colorado - - 2014
Researchers seeking to understand teen sexual behaviors often turn to age norms, but they are difficult to measure quantitatively. Previous work has usually inferred norms from behavioral patterns or measured group-level norms at the individual level, ignoring multiple reference groups. Capitalizing on the multilevel design of the Add Health survey, ...
Price Anya K AK Department of Biomedical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, MA, 01536. - - 2014
Prolactin, a hormone of the anterior pituitary, is involved in initiating maternal behavior, alleviating postpartum anxiety, and stimulating lactogenesis. Bromocriptine, a dopamine D2 receptor agonist, inhibits prolactin secretion. Bromocriptine administration represses postpartum maternal behaviors (pup retrieval) in mice, and causes elevated anxiety in the elevated plus maze [Larsen & Grattan ...
Rodriguez-Gomez Alicia A Department of Neuroscience, University of Torino, Corso M. D'Azeglio 52, 10126 Torino, Italy; Neuroscience Institute Cavalieri-Ottolenghi (NICO), Regione Gonzole 10, Orbassano, Torino, - - 2014
Genistein is a phytoestrogen, particularly abundant in soybeans, that is able to bind estrogen receptors exerting both estrogenic and antiestrogenic activities. Genistein is largely present in the human diet even during pregnancy. Embryos and fetuses are therefore, commonly exposed to genistein during the development and after birth. In the present ...
Mack Julia M JM Gannon University, Erie, PA, - - 2014
Research on physical aggression often points to teen motherhood as being a primary contributor in the development of aggressive tendencies among young children. As a result of poor parenting practices, limited education, and a lack of emotional, physical, and financial resources, children born to young mothers often exhibit high levels ...
Aubrey Jennifer Stevens JS a Department of Communication , University of Arizona , Tucson , Arizona , - - 2014
This article examines the impact of a popular documentary series about teen pregnancy, MTV's 16 and Pregnant, on adolescent girls' pregnancy-related attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral intentions. The results suggest that girls who watched 16 and Pregnant, compared with a control group, reported a lower perception of their own risk for ...
Okah Felix A FA Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, University of Missouri Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, MO, USA. - - 2014
To examine the impact of repeat, G2, and outcomes of first, G1, (previous livebirth, PLB, or stillbirth, PSB) pregnancies on health-compromising behaviors (HCB). Retrospective cohort study of 137,374 pregnancies in Kansas City, MO, 1990 through 2009, using birth certificate database. Overall HCB rate was 17% and increased with G2 and ...
Jokela Markus M Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Siltavuorenpenger 1A, P.O. Box 9, 00014, Helsinki, Finland, - - 2014
Childhood behavioral problems have been associated with earlier childbearing, but their life-course reproductive consequences are unknown. The present study examined whether and how behavioral problems assessed in childhood predict fertility patterns over the life course in women and men. Participants were 9,472 individuals from the British National Child Development Study ...
Anderson Amy E AE Priority Research Centre for Gender, Health and Ageing, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, - - 2014
Risky patterns of alcohol use prior to pregnancy increase the risk of alcohol-exposed pregnancies and subsequent adverse outcomes. It is important to understand how consumption changes once women become pregnant. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of women that partake in risky drinking patterns before pregnancy ...
Mackenzie Georgina G Department of Neuroscience, Tufts University School of Medicine, 136 Harrison Avenue, SC205, Boston, MA, 02111, - - 2014
Neuroactive derivatives of steroid hormones, neurosteroids, can act on GABAA receptors (GABAARs) to potentiate the effects of GABA on these receptors. Neurosteroids become elevated to physiologically relevant levels under conditions characterized by increased steroid hormones. There is considerable evidence for plasticity of GABAARs associated with altered levels of neurosteroids which ...
Toyama Natsumi N Former Undergraduate Student, Ochanomizu University, Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, - - 2014
To examine the educational effects of a tailored leaflet on current drinking behavior, thoughts about drinking alcohol during pregnancy, and knowledge of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) among pregnant women. Intervention. We recruited pregnant women who were participating in maternity classes held at five municipal health centers in Saitama Prefecture and ...
Dyk Jessie van - - 2014
AimTo describe neurodevelopmental and/or behavioral findings among a cohort of South African children exposed to maternal methamphetamine (MA) use during pregnancy.MethodsDevelopmental assessments with the Griffiths Mental Developmental Scales (GMDS) were completed on a pilot cohort of 15 toddlers aged 2-4 years with a known history of maternal MA use during ...
Hillerer Katharina Maria KM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Salzburger Landeskrankenhaus (SALK), Paracelsus Medical University, Müllner Hauptstrasse 48/Strubergasse 21, 5020 Salzburg, - - 2014
The time of pregnancy, birth, and lactation, is characterized by numerous specific alterations in several systems of the maternal body. Peripartum-associated changes in physiology and behavior, as well as their underlying molecular mechanisms, have been the focus of research since decades, but are still far from being entirely understood. Also, ...
Zakharova Elena E EE Center for Reproductive Medicine MAMA, Moscow, Russian - - 2014
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is commonly performed on biopsies from 6-8-cell-stage embryos or blastocyst trophectoderm obtained on day 3 or 5, respectively. Day 4 human embryos at the morula stage were successfully biopsied. Biopsy was performed on 709 morulae from 215 ICSI cycles with preimplantation genetic screening (PGS), and 3-7 ...
Güdücü Nilgün N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, İstanbul Bilim University Istanbul, - - 2014
Quadruple test is used for Down's syndrome screening in the second trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in quadruple test parameters between pregnancies achieved by assisted reproductive treatments (ART) and spontaneous conception. We retrospectively compared levels of alfa-fetoprotein (AFP), unconjugated Estriol (uE3), inhibin-A and ...
Martin Aryn A Department of Sociology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
This article appraises the late twentieth century maxim that prior to thalidomide's clarion call in 1961, a generic "we" believed that the fetus was protected from external insult by the placental barrier. Complicating this truism, we demonstrate that the placenta was, since early in the twentieth century, conceived of as ...
Terplan Mishka M Departments of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
This study examined the relationship between pregnancy intention and change in perinatal alcohol use between 3months prior to pregnancy and the last 3months of pregnancy from a large national sample of women in the United States, the 2004-2008 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). The study sample consisted of 95,728 ...
Phelan Suzanne - - 2013
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is a risk factor for postpartum weight retention and future weight gain and obesity. Whether a behavioral intervention in pregnancy can reduce long-term weight retention is unknown. This randomized trial tested whether a low-intensity behavioral intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain could increase the ...
Sonanini Alessandra - - 2013
Abstract Aims: Fetal behavioral states can be distinguished by biomagnetic recordings. We performed a longitudinal and a cross-sectional study to address the question whether the distribution of fetal behavioral states changes during the daytime. Methods: For the longitudinal study, 32 magnetocardiographic recordings were performed on a singleton pregnancy on a ...
Moreau Caroline C Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA; Gender, Sexual and Reproductive Health, CESP Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Kremlin Bicêtre, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
We investigate trends in contraceptive behaviors in France and how they may have contributed to fluctuations in unintended pregnancy rates over time and across subgroups of the population between 2000 and 2010. Data are drawn from three national surveys in France, comprising 4714 women ages 15 to 49 in 2000, ...
Petrella E - - 2013
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine whether changes in lifestyle in women with BMI>25 could decrease gestational weight gain and unfavorable pregnancy outcomes. Women with BMI>25 were randomized at 1(st) trimester to no intervention or a Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC) Program including diet (overweight: 1700 kcal/day, obese: 1800 kcal/day) and mild physical ...
Betts Kim S KS School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, - - 2014
Studies have shown a link between maternal-prenatal mental health and offspring behavior problems. In this paper, we derived longitudinal trajectories of maternal depressive, anxious, and stress symptoms over early life to predict offspring behavior in adolescence. Participants included 3,925 mother-offspring pairs from the Mater University Study of Pregnancy (MUSP), an ...
Carpentier Pamela A PA Stanford University, Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford, California - - 2013
We have previously shown in mice that cytokine-mediated damage to the placenta can temporarily limit the flow of nutrients and oxygen to the fetus. The placental vulnerability is pronounced before embryonic day 11, when even mild immune challenge results in fetal loss. As gestation progresses, the placenta becomes increasingly resilient ...
Straughen Jennifer K - - 2013
We examined how two indicators of partner involvement, relationship type and paternal support, influenced the risk of pregnancy outcomes (preterm birth, low birth weight) and health behaviors (prenatal care, drug use, and smoking) among African American women. Interview and medical record data were obtained from a study of 713 adult ...
Isbir Gözde Gökçe GG Department of Gynecology and Obstetric Nursing, School of Health, Nigde University, Niğde, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2013
This qualitative study aimed to explore how Turkish women experience nausea and vomiting in pregnancy based on the Roy Adaptation Model. To collect data, in-depth interviews were undertaken with 35 pregnant women who had nausea and vomiting. The sample of the study included pregnant women who were in their first ...
Bauman Melissa D - - 2013
Maternal infection during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia and autism in the offspring. Supporting this correlation, experimentally activating the maternal immune system during pregnancy in rodents produces offspring with abnormal brain and behavioral development. We have developed a nonhuman primate model to bridge the gap between ...
Guimarães Filho Hélio Antonio - - 2013
In the last decades, the development of real-time ultrasonography has allowed the direct view of the fetus in the uterus, as well as assessing its activity. The advent of three-dimensional ultrasonography (3D) at the end of the 80s initiated a new era in diagnostic imaging for Obstetrics, dramatically increasing the ...
Chisolm Margaret S - - 2013
This study examined the relationship between pregnancy intention and change in perinatal cigarette smoking from a large national sample of women in the United States, the 2004-2008 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). The study sample consisted of 49,510 female smokers. Smoking rates and quantities were captured prior to pregnancy, ...
Zhou Iris Y - - 2013
Pregnancy is accompanied by dramatic hormonal changes, which are essential for the display of maternal behaviors. Reproductive hormones have been shown to remodel the neuronal structure and function of the female brain. However, most previous studies have examined the structural and functional changes elicited by transient fluctuations in reproductive hormones. ...
Hawkins Marquis - - 2013
Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In non-pregnant populations, physical activity has been inversely associated with CRP, but this association has not been evaluated during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between objectively measured physical activity, sedentary behavior, and CRP by ...
Marceau Kristine K The Pennsylvania State University, - - 2013
This study demonstrates the unique contributions of perinatal risk and genetic and environmental influences on child behavior using data from 561 domestic US adoption triads (birth mothers, adopted child, and adoptive parents). Findings show distinct patterns of associations among genetic (birth mother psychopathology), prenatal (six maternal reported aggregate scores characterizing ...
Wehby George L - - 2013
Several economic studies have evaluated the effects of cigarette smoking and quitting on other health behaviors such as alcohol use and weight gain. However, there is little research that evaluates the effects of cigarette quitting during pregnancy on other health behaviors such as caloric intake, alcohol consumption, multivitamin use, and ...
Mehran Pegah - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) is an important requirement for optimal maternal-infant adaptation. Current studies showed conflicting findings about whether a history of perinatal loss (fetal/neonatal death) affects maternal attachment in pregnancy. RESEARCH QUESTION: "Does a history of perinatal loss affect maternal-fetal attachment behaviors?" METHODS: One hundred women with and without ...
Gur Tamar L TL Penn Center for Women's Behavioral Wellness, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 3535 Market St, 3rd Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
Women are increasingly prescribed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy, with potential implications for neurodevelopment. Whether prenatal SSRI exposure has an effect on neurodevelopment and behavior in the offspring is an important area of investigation. The aim of this paper was to review the existing preclinical and clinical literature ...
Bennett Wendy L WL Division of General Internal Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2013
Prepregnancy to postpregnancy change in weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, diet, and physical activity in women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were compared. Using the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study, women with at least one pregnancy during 20 years of follow-up (n = ...
Kessing B F - - 2013
We present a patient that developed severe belching during pregnancy. Esophageal pH-impedance monitoring revealed frequent supragastric belching, but not gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Thus, severe belching during pregnancy can be due to a behavioral disorder in the absence of GERD. Belching complaints during pregnancy should therefore not always be treated ...
Kogan Steven M SM Department of Human Development and Family Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA. - - 2013
The timing and social context of pregnancy have significant implications for the well-being of African-American young people. Rarely, however, do studies focus on identifying the developmental processes associated with young people's avoidance of pregnancy until after adolescence. We tested hypotheses regarding the factors associated with delayed fertility (no experience of ...
Hill Jonathan - - 2013
The low activity variant of the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) functional promoter polymorphism, MAOA-LPR, in interaction with adverse environments (G x E) is associated with child and adult antisocial behavior disorders. MAOA is expressed during fetal development so in utero G x E may influence early neurodevelopment. We tested the ...
Somers Cheryl L - - 2013
An experiential approach to preventing teen pregnancy, "Baby Think It Over" is a popular option in schools. The current study used an experimental design and a 1-year longitudinal follow-up with 93 experimental group and 92 control group male and female, primarily African American and Mexican American, low-socioeconomic status students from ...
Yazdi B - - 2013
To evaluate the prefrontal space ratio (PFSR) in second- and third-trimester euploid fetuses and fetuses with trisomy 21. This was a retrospective study utilizing stored mid-sagittal two-dimensional images of second- and third-trimester fetal faces that were recorded during prenatal ultrasound examinations at the Department of Prenatal Medicine at the University ...
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