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Mack Julia M JM Gannon University, Erie, PA, - - 2014
Research on physical aggression often points to teen motherhood as being a primary contributor in the development of aggressive tendencies among young children. As a result of poor parenting practices, limited education, and a lack of emotional, physical, and financial resources, children born to young mothers often exhibit high levels ...
Aubrey Jennifer Stevens JS a Department of Communication , University of Arizona , Tucson , Arizona , - - 2014
This article examines the impact of a popular documentary series about teen pregnancy, MTV's 16 and Pregnant, on adolescent girls' pregnancy-related attitudes, beliefs, and behavioral intentions. The results suggest that girls who watched 16 and Pregnant, compared with a control group, reported a lower perception of their own risk for ...
Okah Felix A FA Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, University of Missouri Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, MO, USA. - - 2014
To examine the impact of repeat, G2, and outcomes of first, G1, (previous livebirth, PLB, or stillbirth, PSB) pregnancies on health-compromising behaviors (HCB). Retrospective cohort study of 137,374 pregnancies in Kansas City, MO, 1990 through 2009, using birth certificate database. Overall HCB rate was 17% and increased with G2 and ...
Jokela Markus M Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Siltavuorenpenger 1A, P.O. Box 9, 00014, Helsinki, Finland, - - 2014
Childhood behavioral problems have been associated with earlier childbearing, but their life-course reproductive consequences are unknown. The present study examined whether and how behavioral problems assessed in childhood predict fertility patterns over the life course in women and men. Participants were 9,472 individuals from the British National Child Development Study ...
Anderson Amy E AE Priority Research Centre for Gender, Health and Ageing, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, - - 2014
Risky patterns of alcohol use prior to pregnancy increase the risk of alcohol-exposed pregnancies and subsequent adverse outcomes. It is important to understand how consumption changes once women become pregnant. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of women that partake in risky drinking patterns before pregnancy ...
Mackenzie Georgina G Department of Neuroscience, Tufts University School of Medicine, 136 Harrison Avenue, SC205, Boston, MA, 02111, - - 2014
Neuroactive derivatives of steroid hormones, neurosteroids, can act on GABAA receptors (GABAARs) to potentiate the effects of GABA on these receptors. Neurosteroids become elevated to physiologically relevant levels under conditions characterized by increased steroid hormones. There is considerable evidence for plasticity of GABAARs associated with altered levels of neurosteroids which ...
Martin Aryn A Department of Sociology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
This article appraises the late twentieth century maxim that prior to thalidomide's clarion call in 1961, a generic "we" believed that the fetus was protected from external insult by the placental barrier. Complicating this truism, we demonstrate that the placenta was, since early in the twentieth century, conceived of as ...
Terplan Mishka M Departments of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
This study examined the relationship between pregnancy intention and change in perinatal alcohol use between 3months prior to pregnancy and the last 3months of pregnancy from a large national sample of women in the United States, the 2004-2008 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). The study sample consisted of 95,728 ...
Phelan Suzanne - - 2013
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is a risk factor for postpartum weight retention and future weight gain and obesity. Whether a behavioral intervention in pregnancy can reduce long-term weight retention is unknown. This randomized trial tested whether a low-intensity behavioral intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain could increase the ...
Sonanini Alessandra - - 2013
Abstract Aims: Fetal behavioral states can be distinguished by biomagnetic recordings. We performed a longitudinal and a cross-sectional study to address the question whether the distribution of fetal behavioral states changes during the daytime. Methods: For the longitudinal study, 32 magnetocardiographic recordings were performed on a singleton pregnancy on a ...
Moreau Caroline C Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA; Gender, Sexual and Reproductive Health, CESP Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Kremlin Bicêtre, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
We investigate trends in contraceptive behaviors in France and how they may have contributed to fluctuations in unintended pregnancy rates over time and across subgroups of the population between 2000 and 2010. Data are drawn from three national surveys in France, comprising 4714 women ages 15 to 49 in 2000, ...
Petrella E - - 2013
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine whether changes in lifestyle in women with BMI>25 could decrease gestational weight gain and unfavorable pregnancy outcomes. Women with BMI>25 were randomized at 1(st) trimester to no intervention or a Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC) Program including diet (overweight: 1700 kcal/day, obese: 1800 kcal/day) and mild physical ...
Betts Kim S KS School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, - - 2014
Studies have shown a link between maternal-prenatal mental health and offspring behavior problems. In this paper, we derived longitudinal trajectories of maternal depressive, anxious, and stress symptoms over early life to predict offspring behavior in adolescence. Participants included 3,925 mother-offspring pairs from the Mater University Study of Pregnancy (MUSP), an ...
Carpentier Pamela A PA Stanford University, Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford, California - - 2013
We have previously shown in mice that cytokine-mediated damage to the placenta can temporarily limit the flow of nutrients and oxygen to the fetus. The placental vulnerability is pronounced before embryonic day 11, when even mild immune challenge results in fetal loss. As gestation progresses, the placenta becomes increasingly resilient ...
Straughen Jennifer K - - 2013
We examined how two indicators of partner involvement, relationship type and paternal support, influenced the risk of pregnancy outcomes (preterm birth, low birth weight) and health behaviors (prenatal care, drug use, and smoking) among African American women. Interview and medical record data were obtained from a study of 713 adult ...
Bauman Melissa D - - 2013
Maternal infection during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia and autism in the offspring. Supporting this correlation, experimentally activating the maternal immune system during pregnancy in rodents produces offspring with abnormal brain and behavioral development. We have developed a nonhuman primate model to bridge the gap between ...
Guimarães Filho Hélio Antonio - - 2013
In the last decades, the development of real-time ultrasonography has allowed the direct view of the fetus in the uterus, as well as assessing its activity. The advent of three-dimensional ultrasonography (3D) at the end of the 80s initiated a new era in diagnostic imaging for Obstetrics, dramatically increasing the ...
Chisolm Margaret S - - 2013
This study examined the relationship between pregnancy intention and change in perinatal cigarette smoking from a large national sample of women in the United States, the 2004-2008 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). The study sample consisted of 49,510 female smokers. Smoking rates and quantities were captured prior to pregnancy, ...
Zhou Iris Y - - 2013
Pregnancy is accompanied by dramatic hormonal changes, which are essential for the display of maternal behaviors. Reproductive hormones have been shown to remodel the neuronal structure and function of the female brain. However, most previous studies have examined the structural and functional changes elicited by transient fluctuations in reproductive hormones. ...
Hawkins Marquis - - 2013
Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In non-pregnant populations, physical activity has been inversely associated with CRP, but this association has not been evaluated during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between objectively measured physical activity, sedentary behavior, and CRP by ...
Wehby George L - - 2013
Several economic studies have evaluated the effects of cigarette smoking and quitting on other health behaviors such as alcohol use and weight gain. However, there is little research that evaluates the effects of cigarette quitting during pregnancy on other health behaviors such as caloric intake, alcohol consumption, multivitamin use, and ...
Mehran Pegah - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) is an important requirement for optimal maternal-infant adaptation. Current studies showed conflicting findings about whether a history of perinatal loss (fetal/neonatal death) affects maternal attachment in pregnancy. RESEARCH QUESTION: "Does a history of perinatal loss affect maternal-fetal attachment behaviors?" METHODS: One hundred women with and without ...
Gur Tamar L - - 2013
RATIONALE: Women are increasingly prescribed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy, with potential implications for neurodevelopment. Whether prenatal SSRI exposure has an effect on neurodevelopment and behavior in the offspring is an important area of investigation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to review the existing preclinical and ...
Kessing B F - - 2013
We present a patient that developed severe belching during pregnancy. Esophageal pH-impedance monitoring revealed frequent supragastric belching, but not gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Thus, severe belching during pregnancy can be due to a behavioral disorder in the absence of GERD. Belching complaints during pregnancy should therefore not always be treated ...
Kogan Steven M - - 2013
PURPOSE: The timing and social context of pregnancy have significant implications for the well-being of African-American young people. Rarely, however, do studies focus on identifying the developmental processes associated with young people's avoidance of pregnancy until after adolescence. METHODS: We tested hypotheses regarding the factors associated with delayed fertility (no ...
Hill Jonathan - - 2013
The low activity variant of the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) functional promoter polymorphism, MAOA-LPR, in interaction with adverse environments (G x E) is associated with child and adult antisocial behavior disorders. MAOA is expressed during fetal development so in utero G x E may influence early neurodevelopment. We tested the ...
Somers Cheryl L - - 2013
An experiential approach to preventing teen pregnancy, "Baby Think It Over" is a popular option in schools. The current study used an experimental design and a 1-year longitudinal follow-up with 93 experimental group and 92 control group male and female, primarily African American and Mexican American, low-socioeconomic status students from ...
Yazdi B - - 2013
To evaluate the prefrontal space ratio (PFSR) in second- and third-trimester euploid fetuses and fetuses with trisomy 21. This was a retrospective study utilizing stored mid-sagittal two-dimensional images of second- and third-trimester fetal faces that were recorded during prenatal ultrasound examinations at the Department of Prenatal Medicine at the University ...
Rocca Corinne H CH Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
High unintended pregnancy rates, and inconsistencies between reported pregnancy intentions and contraceptive behaviors, have been well documented among young U.S. women. Women's beliefs about the benefits of childbearing and motherhood may be related to the apparent disconnect between pregnancy intentions and reproductive outcomes. Perceived benefits of childbearing and feelings about ...
Grindlay Kate - - 2013
To estimate unintended pregnancy rates among a representative sample of 7,225 active-duty women in the U.S. military in 2008 and to compare these rates with 2005 and with the U.S. population. Cross-sectional data came from the 2008 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors among Active Duty Military Personnel ...
Zuena Anna Rita AR Department of Physiology and Pharmacology Vittorio Erspamer, I Faculty of Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2013
Maternal-fetal HIV-1 transmission can be prevented by administration of AZT, alone or in combination with other antiretroviral drugs to pregnant HIV-1-infected women and their newborns. In spite of the benefits deriving from this life-saving prophylactic therapy, there is still considerable uncertainty on the potential long-term adverse effects of antiretroviral drugs ...
Sui Z - - 2012
Overweight and obesity during pregnancy is associated with risk of a range of adverse health outcomes. While intervention studies aim to promote behavioral change, little is known about the underlying psychological mechanisms facilitating and hindering change. The aim of this study was to evaluate overweight and obese women's perceptions of ...
Sagiv Sharon K - - 2012
To investigate the association of prenatal mercury exposure and fish intake with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-related behavior. For a population-based prospective birth cohort recruited in New Bedford, Massachusetts (1993-1998), we analyzed data for children examined at age 8 years with peripartum maternal hair mercury measures (n = 421) or maternal report ...
Liu Jianghong J School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States. - - 2013
While the impact of active maternal smoking during pregnancy on child health has been well investigated, the association between maternal passive smoking, or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), or second-hand smoke, and behavioral development of offspring is less clear. This study examines the association between maternal ETS exposure during pregnancy and ...
Tucker Joan S JS RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA. - - 2012
Pregnancy rates are substantially higher among homeless youth than in the general population of youth, yet little is known about homeless adolescents' and young adults' pregnancy-related attitudes and behaviors. Pregnancy-related attitudes and behaviors were examined among two samples of sexually active homeless 13-24-year-olds in Los Angeles County. Data from 37 ...
Bennett Wendy L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Prepregnancy to postpregnancy change in weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, diet, and physical activity in women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were compared. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study, women with at least one pregnancy during 20 years ...
Nulman Irena - - 2012
OBJECTIVE Effects on child neurodevelopment of neurotransmitter reuptake inhibitors used as antidepressants during pregnancy have not been adequately studied. The authors compared the effects of prenatal exposure to venlafaxine (serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and maternal depression. METHOD A cohort derived from a prospectively collected database included ...
Ghazeeri Ghina - - 2012
Background  Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy (PUPPP) is a benign pruritic inflammatory skin disorder that usually affects primigravidae in their third trimester of pregnancy. Studies on this condition from our area are lacking. Objective and methods  To describe the epidemiological, clinical, and histopathological findings of all patients diagnosed ...
Marcell Arik V - - 2012
Unintended pregnancy rates are high in the United States. It is important to know whether improving males' access to emergency contraceptive pills may help prevent unintended pregnancy, especially in cases of -condom failure. A search of the PubMed, PsycINFO and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases was ...
Upadhyaya Suneet Kumar - - 2012
Pica refers to eating of non-nutritious substances, which is usually seen in childhood or pregnancy. Here we report a case of an illiterate tribal woman who developed pica as the sole manifestation of obsessive compulsive disorder, with onset during pregnancy. The patient had compulsions of eating uncooked rice or wheat, ...
Razi Emma - - 2012
I have feared developing stretch marks since my first pregnancy. Getting to grips with my changing shape was a big challenge, but I was safe in the knowledge that post-pregnancy I could work towards losing the weight. But stretch marks are permanent, and to me-disfiguring. I researched how stretch marks ...
Boggess Kim A - - 2012
Background: Maternal periodontal disease diagnosed by a detailed oral health examination is associated with preeclampsia. Our objective was to measure the association between maternal self-report of oral symptoms/problems, oral hygiene practices, and/or dental service utilization prior to or during pregnancy and severe preeclampsia. Methods: A written questionnaire was administered to ...
Sanghavi Darshak M - - 2012
The ideal treatment for fetal arrhythmias associated with hydrops is not known. This case report describes a novel approach to fetal cardioversion using oral maternal bolus dosing of flecainide.
Barone William R - - 2012
The objective of this study was to elucidate the normal functional adaptations of the cervix in pregnancy. Utilizing a Long-Evans rodent model, the cervix was divided into distal and proximal portions for virgin, mid-pregnant, and four weeks postpartum animals. The quasi-linear viscoelastic theory describes the elastic and viscous behavior of ...
Thompson Terri-Ann - - 2012
Despite increasing recognition of the importance of oral health to overall health, dental care utilization remains low in the US. Given the established link between maternal oral health and child oral health, this study examined factors related to preventive dental care utilization at two critical time points, before and during ...
Sonek J - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate a novel ultrasound measurement, the prefrontal space ratio (PFSR), in second-trimester trisomy 21 and euploid fetuses. Methods: Stored 3D volumes of fetal profiles from 26 trisomy 21 and 90 euploid fetuses at 15-25 weeks' gestation were examined. A line was drawn between the leading edge of the ...
Abiodun Moses - - 2012
Neonatal lupus is a rare syndrome resulting from passively transferred maternal autoantibodies during pregnancy. A male infant was delivered at term to a 29-year-old primiparous woman who was diagnosed of systemic lupus erythematosus 2 years earlier and had detectable levels of autoantibodies (antinuclear antibody (ANA), anti-dsDNA, anti-Ro and anti-La/SSB) in ...
Baghianimoghadam Mohammad Hossein - - 2012
Normal vaginal delivery (NVD) is the best method of delivery, but its rate is decreasing. Results of many studies have shown that the risk of cesarean section (CS) for both mother and child is more than that of NVD. The World Health Organization's (WHO) goal was to achieve a CS ...
Nayak Ajay G - - 2012
Pregnancy is a period of both joy and anxiety in a woman's life and is characterized by various physiological changes in her body brought about by the circulating female sex hormones. The oral cavity is also the seat of changes and these physiologic changes of pregnancy need to be addressed ...
Khalafallah Alhossain A - - 2012
Nutritional iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) is the most common disorder in the world, affecting more than two billion people. The World Health Organization's global database on anaemia has estimated a prevalence of 14% based on a regression-based analysis. Recent data show that the prevalence of IDA in pregnant women in industrialized ...
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