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Results 251 - 300 of 725
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Adekanye O - - 2007
We present a case of unpaced pre-existing congenital heart block in pregnancy, diagnosed for the first time in labour. Our patient was asymptomatic and was managed conservatively with temporary pacing equipment on standby. She had a post-partum cardiology follow-up and was paced in the puerperium. We discuss the aetiopathogenesis and ...
GUSZKOWSKI, ANDREA JEAN
Advances in prenatal screening and testing techniques are identifying fetal anomalies before delivery, therefore changing the course in pregnancy management. High-risk pregnancies with fetal anomalies may benefit from comprehensive evaluation from multiple disciplines promoting appropriate psychosocial assessments and patient decision-making. Therefore, fetal therapy centers aim for a multidisciplinary approach to ...
Al-Ansari Mariam
Mechanical ventilation is commonly required in critically ill pregnant patients, requiring ICU admission, with higher morbidity and mortality related to airway management. Alternatively, noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is increasingly used to treat nonpregnant patients. Pregnancy has been a contraindication to its use. We would like to report a case ...
Ratliff John - - 2007
Considerable variability exists in clinical approaches to thoracolumbar fractures. Controversy in evaluation and nomenclature contribute to this confusion, with significant differences found between physicians, between different specialties, and in different geographic regions. A new classification system for thoracolumbar injuries, the Thoracolumbar Injury Severity Score (TLISS), was recently described by Vaccaro. ...
Kalidindi M - - 2007
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a chronic autoimmune disorder of neuromuscular transmission characterized by varying degrees of weakness and easy fatigability of the skeletal muscles. Precipitants of myasthenic symptoms or crises include physical and emotional stress, systemic illness, infections, hypo or hyperthyroidism, pregnancy, any type of surgery with general anaesthesia as ...
Leroy-Malherbe V - - 2006
AIMS: Trauma during pregnancy is commonly viewed as benign for the foetus when the delivery occurs normally. This study revisits that point of view. METHOD: We included eighteen patients having a neurological handicap with an anamnesis of an accident during pregnancy and a follow-up sufficient to determine a definite outcome. ...
Tsitlakidis C - - 2006
The B-Lynch surgical technique for the management of massive postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) has been used successfully since 1989 in cases where bleeding was secondary to uterine atony with failed conservative management. It allows for conservation of the uterus for subsequent menstrual function and pregnancies. In this report, we present a ...
Turner Michael D - - 2006
Gravidity is defined as the development of the young in utero. It initiates hormonal, psychological and physiological changes in the female patient, providing the dentist with many questions about the management of these patients. These physiologic alterations, as well as the embryologic development of the fetus, will be discussed along ...
Franchini Massimo - - 2006
The development of factor VIII autoantibodies is a rare but severe complication of pregnancy. Although the natural history of postpartum acquired hemophilia A is usually benign, with a high percentage of spontaneous remissions and a low mortality, its quick recognition is important to control bleeding episodes. Based on an analysis ...
Wong M K - - 2006
Recurrent pneumothorax is rare during pregnancy. We describe a Chinese woman, with a history of spontaneous pneumothorax managed with an intercostal drain, who developed a recurrent pneumothorax during her 32nd week of pregnancy. There is no consensus on management in this situation. We review the literature and discuss different management ...
Swelstad Matthew R - - 2006
Gigantomastia of pregnancy is a rare, severely debilitating condition characterized by massive enlargement of breasts and resulting in tissue necrosis, ulceration, infection, and, occasionally, hemorrhage. Typically, resolution of breast hypertrophy to near prepregnancy size occurs in the postpartum period. Treatment is controversial. The authors present a patient with gestational gigantomastia ...
Haase Michael - - 2006
For women on maintenance dialysis, pregnancy is still uncommon. The outcome of such pregnancies has improved in recent case series. Here, we report in detail the treatment of five successful pregnancies in dialysis patients from our centre. The present case series also includes the first successful pregnancy of a dialysis ...
Shapiro Janet M - - 2006
The obstetric patient poses exceptional challenges in the intensive care unit. Knowledge of the physiologic changes of pregnancy and specific pregnancy-related disorders is necessary for optimal management. Intensive care unit diagnoses may include preeclampsia, including the HELLP syndrome, pulmonary embolic disease, amniotic fluid embolism, status asthmaticus, respiratory infection, the acute ...
Zampetti Anna - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The relationship between pregnancy and a change in melanocytic nevi is still controversial. Moreover, management of the rapid evolution of a nevus in an unauspicious melanocytic lesion can be a clinical challenge in pregnancy. METHODS: This article examines a case of a fast-growing deep penetrating nevus in a pregnant ...
Robson Stephen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Women who have an unexplained stillbirth are more likely to be delivered early, by induced labour or Caesarean section, in their next pregnancy. It is unclear whether these birth outcomes result from characteristics of the next pregnancy, or represent management strategies of obstetricians. AIM: To investigate obstetricians' management strategies ...
Mitwally Mohamed F - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness (success, safety, and complications) of a novel technique of gestational sac aspiration in the management of early pregnancy failure as an alternative to dilation and evacuation (D&E) and conservative management. DESIGN: Prospective historical cohort study comparing effectiveness of gestational sac aspiration (study group) to ...
Dalton Vanessa K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine patient treatment preferences and satisfaction with an office-based procedure for early pregnancy failure and to compare resource use and cost between office and operating room management of early pregnancy failure. METHODS: This study was a prospective observational study of 165 women presenting for surgical management of early ...
Nathani Fatima - - 2006
Hereditary angioedema is a potentially life-threatening condition which can complicate pregnancy. A 34-year-old patient with known C1 esterase inhibitor (C1INH) deficiency was managed successfully in our department and her management was a part of a shared care strategy with the medical and anesthetic departments. Peripartum management plans along with an ...
Griesshammer Martin - - 2006
The management of pregnant patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV) may be problematic. In the literature there are approximately 300 cases of pregnancies reported in ET and less than 50 pregnancies reported in PV. To reduce the effect of reporting bias, we selected articles with either > ...
Wallerstein R - - 2006
A retrospective survey of genetic counselors was conducted in order to identify practice patterns and factors that influence a patient's decision making when a de novo translocation is diagnosed pre-natally. Different variables that influence patients' decisions about pregnancy management were assessed and compared. Specifically, the type of rearrangement and/or knowledge ...
Chang Chih-Yuan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is an uncommon type of ectopic pregnancy. It results in uterine rupture and severe hemorrhage during the proceeding gestation. Whether diagnosed early or not, it may cause maternal mortality or morbidity during emergency management. Life-saving emergency hysterectomy is usually the treatment of choice when there ...
Prabu P - - 2006
Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS) is a rare autosomal recessively inherited bleeding disorder. Pregnancy in patients with BSS is characterized by ante-, intra-, or postpartum haemorrhage, which may be delayed and severe. There is no consensus in the management of BSS in pregnancy and so far only 16 pregnancies in nine patients ...
Hughes I A IA Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK. - - 2006
The birth of an intersex child prompts a long-term management strategy that involves a myriad of professionals working with the family. There has been progress in diagnosis, surgical techniques, understanding psychosocial issues and in recognizing and accepting the place of patient advocacy. The Lawson Wilkins Paediatric Endocrine Society (LWPES) and ...
Lyons F - - 2006
Management of HIV-1 in pregnancy has reduced the mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) rate from 25-30% to <2% in the developed world, including Ireland. In Ireland most HIV positive pregnant women are diagnosed through antenatal screening many of whom arrive here late in pregnancy. Geographic dispersal and subsequent involvement of obstetric units throughout ...
Jido T A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mammary gigantism is a rare, cosmetically embarrassing complication of pregnancy that may ulcerate and have potentially fatal bleeding. METHODS: A case report of a 20-year old primigravida with bilateral massive breast enlargement is presented to highlight the clinical presentation and management challenges of the condition. RESULTS: She was treated ...
Tierney J P - - 2006
This is a complete audit of the management of early pregnancy within Glasgow hospitals using the Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists (RCOG) Clinical Green Top Guideline 25 as the set standard. The Effective Gynaecology in Glasgow Group (EGGG) developed a document to record the current practice of the management ...
Stephenson Mary D - - 2006
Recurrent pregnancy loss is a devastating health problem that affects many couples who are trying to establish a family. Evaluation depends on a number of factors, including the pattern of pregnancy loss, underlying medical disease and life-style issues. A detailed obstetric history, including gestational age at the time of death, ...
Scirica Benjamin M - - 2006
Women with valvular disease who are pregnant or planning to conceive require careful evaluation and management. Pregnancy is associated with normal physiologic changes that can aggravate many valvular conditions and may require the initiation or increase of cardiovascular medications to manage fluid overload or arrhythmias. Most women will tolerate pregnancy ...
Azimi Nassir A - - 2006
Although asymptomatic pericardial effusions are relatively common in pregnancy, their true incidence is not known. Symptomatic effusions are, however, rare in pregnancy. The authors present a rare case of pericardial tamponade complicating pregnancy with resulting diagnosis of angiosarcoma. They review the literature involving pericardial disease in pregnancy and discuss important ...
Storm Douglas W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bleeding angiomyolipomas in pregnancy are rare but may be devastating and potentially fatal. In previous cases, most of these lesions have been managed with urgent nephrectomy or embolization. Only one other case report describes treating these lesions through conservative management and vaginal delivery. CASE: A 32-year-old woman with known ...
Bonin Miguel Marc - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum in labour and delivery is a rare but potentially serious occurrence that must be identified and managed appropriately to avoid unnecessary investigations and interventions. Published reports indicate that subsequent pregnancies pose no additional risk for recurrence. CASE: A 27-year-old primiparous patient with an uneventful pregnancy ...
Sammour Rami N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hepatopulmonary syndrome is an uncommon complication of liver cirrhosis. The natural history of this condition and its optimal management during pregnancy are not yet known. CASE: We present the case of a 35-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis who developed severe dyspnea in the 25th week of gestation and was ...
Barbui Tiziano - - 2006
The goal of this review is to assess the current treatment and outcomes of special clinical situations in patients with myeloproliferative disease (MPD) such as pregnancy, major thrombotic and bleeding complications and surgical interventions. However, only a limited literature to support optimal management strategies is available. Many of the proposed ...
Sills Eric Scott - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe management and clinical features observed in a patient's seven spontaneous pneumothoraces that developed during two consecutive pregnancies involving both hemithoraces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 21 year old former smoker developed three spontaneous left pneumothoraces in the index pregnancy, having already experienced four right pneumothorax events in a ...
Casella R - - 2006
Renal cell carcinoma is rarely diagnosed during pregnancy and its management represents a real challenge. Pregnancy demands special consideration in terms of diagnostic evaluation and management, particularly during the second trimester. We report a patient undergoing left radical nephrectomy using a thoracoretroperitoneal approach at 22 weeks' gestation. Histological analysis revealed ...
Iwashita Toshiko - - 2006
We report on 2 successful pregnancies in a young woman who has essential thrombocythemia. The platelet count remained well controlled with interferon-alfa administration together with acetylsalicylic acid in each pregnancy. The present case and the published series suggest that close monitoring of the platelet count is crucial and that interferon ...
Mickenautsch Steffen - - 2006
The success of tooth restorations rendered according to principles of the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) approach is dependant on various clinical factors. The most common failures, due to these factors, are partial material loss; complete material loss; caries related to restoration margin and material wear > 0.5mm. The main reason ...
Falcón Orlando - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma (VPA) is a rare subtype of adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. A conservative surgical approach is considered feasible. Only three cases of VPA and pregnancy have been reported. CASE: A 34-year-old asymptomatic woman was diagnosed of a well-differentiated VPA without extracervical spread of the disease. A ...
Pentheroudakis George - - 2006
Cancer diagnosed during pregnancy constitutes a difficult clinical condition with a devastating impact on the patient's somatic and psychosocial health and possibly on foetal integrity. This circumstance also raises several moral, religious, social and familial dilemmas. In this review we critically present available evidence regarding the incidence, epidemiology and genetics ...
Matthews Tom - - 2005
We present the management of a pregnancy complicated by maternal hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), an uncommon but significant cardiac lesion. While it is accepted practice to manage such cases in a tertiary setting with multidisciplinary involvement, we reflect that the ultimate management of the birth should centre on obstetric principles. ...
Tripi Paul A - - 2005
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is characterized by the development of laryngeal papillomas, which can produce partial to complete upper airway obstruction. Patients with RRP often require intermittent surgical excision to treat symptoms such as hoarseness and stridor, and to control progression of the lesions. The anesthetic management of such patients ...
Vaideanu D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The management of glaucoma in a pregnant woman can pose a challenge for the ophthalmologist. The risks and benefits to the mother and foetus must be weighed. When it is decided that treatment is necessary, there is no consensus as to the safest treatment. This study was designed to ...
Robinson Susan - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Polycythemia vera (PV) is rare in women of childbearing age with only 20 previous pregnancies reported. DESIGN AND METHODS: We report a series of 18 pregnancies (19 fetuses) in eight women with PV managed prior to or following implementation of management guidelines tailored to PV in pregnancy, ...
Dwyer Bonnie K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) is uncommon during pregnancy. As the average maternal age increases and assisted reproductive technology allows for very advanced maternal ages, so too may the incidence of MI during pregnancy. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) with stent placement is an attractive option for treatment of MI in ...
Pacheco Luis D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Treatment of a major burn injury during pregnancy must incorporate modifications in management resulting from gestational physiologic changes. CASE: A 25-year-old woman, at 34 weeks of gestation, sustained a major burn injury at home. She required ventilatory support, invasive hemodynamic monitoring, and massive fluid resuscitation. Labor was augmented and ...
Batra Achla - - 2005
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is a relatively common but unrecognised auto-immune disorder among women of child bearing age. Nearly one-third of patients present with bleeding tendency in pregnancy. Management necessitates care of mother during pregnancy and delivery and care of the baby. Steroids remain the chief, economical and effective method of ...
Butwick A - - 2005
beta thalassaemia is one of the world's most wide-spread monogenetic disorders. Advances in the management of beta thalassaemia major by extensive blood transfusions and chelation therapy have improved survival of patients into adult life. Due to the prolonged life expectancy and improvements in quality of life, pregnancy has now become ...
Graham George M GM - - 2005
Obstetrical complications unique to multiple gestations pose a number of unique challenges. The presence of more than one fetus complicates the diagnosis and management of a pregnancy when one fetus has a structural or chromosomal abnormality, intrauterine demise, preterm premature rupture of the membranes, or delivers prematurely. Similarly, the diagnosis ...
Fernández-Pérez Evans R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To provide a current review of the literature regarding the assessment and management of sepsis during pregnancy. DESIGN: A comprehensive review of current English-language literature search was performed with Ovid MEDLINE using the Medical Subject Headings pregnancy and sepsis, with Medical Subject Headings or keywords seeking randomized controlled trials ...
Cole Daniel E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the pathophysiology and treatment of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) during pregnancy. DATA SOURCE: Review of select articles from MEDLINE, including published abstracts, case reports, observational studies, controlled trials, review articles, and institutional experience. DATA SUMMARY: ARDS occurs in pregnancy and may have ...
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