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Results 251 - 300 of 740
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Harris Lisa H - - 2007
Early pregnancy failure and induced abortion are often managed differently, even though safe uterine evacuation is the goal in both. Early pregnancy failure is commonly treated by curettage in operating room settings in anesthetized patients. Induced abortion is most commonly managed by office vacuum aspiration in awake or sedated patients. ...
Juan Yung-Shun - - 2007
Urinary calculi during pregnancy present not only a diagnostic challenge but also a management dilemma. In this retrospective study, we describe our experience with diagnosis and management of symptomatic urolithiasis in pregnant women. A total of 18 pregnant women were treated for urolithiasis at the Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Municipal ...
Rausch M E - - 2007
Neostigmine is a treatment option for colonic pseudoobstruction. However, experience in using neostigmine for this indication in pregnant women is limited. We present a case of a woman with an estimated fetal gestational age of 34 weeks presented with what was believed to be a pseudoobstruction and when conservative management ...
Imran Syed Ali - - 2007
To determine an appropriate approach to managing prolactin-secreting adenomas of varying severity in pregnant women. MEDLINE was searched using the key words "hyperprolactinemia," "prolactinoma," "pregnancy," and "management." Experience from a multidisciplinary tertiary care centre was also reviewed. Recommendations are based on mostly levels II and III evidence. With appropriate management, ...
Kuczkowski Krzysztof M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nonobstetric surgery may be necessary during any stage of gestation. METHODS: The purpose of this article is to review the current recommendations (using Medline search for the relevant publications) for the perioperative anesthetic management of pregnant women undergoing laparoscopy for indications unrelated to pregnancy. RESULTS: The current estimates of ...
Chen Beatrice A - - 2007
Early pregnancy failure is a common pregnancy complication. This paper reviews the terminology, diagnosis, and treatment of early pregnancy failure. Although surgical curettage has been the standard of care for more than 50 years, additional treatment options exist which appear to be satisfactory to patients. Manual vacuum curettage in the ...
Chetty Maya - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the current state of knowledge regarding the biochemical parameters of early pregnancy failure. FINDINGS: Earlier studies have concentrated on the role of human chorionic gonadotropin and progesterone in early pregnancy failure and recent studies have also explored newer markers such as the inhibins and insulin ...
Akhter P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Women experiencing bleeding in early pregnancy suffer considerable anxiety. Waiting for a considerable time for a diagnosis adds to their grievance. Early Pregnancy Assessment Unit (EPAU) is a dedicated service that provides quick and easy accessibility to diagnosis, treatment and support service. AIM: To monitor the first 6 months ...
Walker James Johnston - - 2007
Ectopic pregnancy is a major gynecologic emergency, which results in significant morbidity for the mother and inevitable loss of the pregnancy. Its presentation can be varied from minor symptoms to sudden collapse. It produces a diagnostic dilemma and a management problem. With advances in medical care, most women survive ectopic ...
van den Akker E S A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of pregnancies with fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) in relation to the invasiveness of the management protocol. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from a national cohort. SETTING: Leiden University Medical Centre, the national centre for management of severe red cell and platelet ...
Hermans Cedric - - 2007
BACKGROUND: [corrected] Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare genetic disorder caused by a deficiency of the plasma protein C1 inhibitor (C1-INH). HAE is characterised by the onset of angioedema, which may develop in one or several organs, and may last from a few hours to several days. Oedema of the ...
Mathew M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Benign smooth-muscle tumors (leiomyomata) are the most frequent tumors found in the female genital tract. They are easy to diagnose in pregnancy and usually managed conservatively. Some variant forms with unusual infiltrative growth pattern have been known, but they are rare in pregnancy. The variant forms pose diagnostic and ...
Pais Vernon M VM - - 2007
The presentation of urolithiasis is often dramatic, but rarely is it more anxiety provoking than during pregnancy. The evaluation and the intervention are often approached with trepidation as the health of the mother and the fetus must be taken into account. The typical diagnostic course and surgical management used in ...
Eskandar Osama S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nemaline myopathy is a rare, slowly progressive neuromuscular disorder, characterized by generalized skeletal and smooth muscle weakness and hypotonia. It is extremely rare in pregnancy. However, it may adversely affect pregnancy, and pregnancy may exacerbate the natural progress of the condition. CASE: We report a woman with nemaline myopathy ...
Adekanye O - - 2007
We present a case of unpaced pre-existing congenital heart block in pregnancy, diagnosed for the first time in labour. Our patient was asymptomatic and was managed conservatively with temporary pacing equipment on standby. She had a post-partum cardiology follow-up and was paced in the puerperium. We discuss the aetiopathogenesis and ...
GUSZKOWSKI, ANDREA JEAN
Advances in prenatal screening and testing techniques are identifying fetal anomalies before delivery, therefore changing the course in pregnancy management. High-risk pregnancies with fetal anomalies may benefit from comprehensive evaluation from multiple disciplines promoting appropriate psychosocial assessments and patient decision-making. Therefore, fetal therapy centers aim for a multidisciplinary approach to ...
Al-Ansari Mariam
Mechanical ventilation is commonly required in critically ill pregnant patients, requiring ICU admission, with higher morbidity and mortality related to airway management. Alternatively, noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is increasingly used to treat nonpregnant patients. Pregnancy has been a contraindication to its use. We would like to report a case ...
Ratliff John - - 2007
Considerable variability exists in clinical approaches to thoracolumbar fractures. Controversy in evaluation and nomenclature contribute to this confusion, with significant differences found between physicians, between different specialties, and in different geographic regions. A new classification system for thoracolumbar injuries, the Thoracolumbar Injury Severity Score (TLISS), was recently described by Vaccaro. ...
Kalidindi M - - 2007
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a chronic autoimmune disorder of neuromuscular transmission characterized by varying degrees of weakness and easy fatigability of the skeletal muscles. Precipitants of myasthenic symptoms or crises include physical and emotional stress, systemic illness, infections, hypo or hyperthyroidism, pregnancy, any type of surgery with general anaesthesia as ...
Leroy-Malherbe V V Service de Neurologie Pédiatrique, CHU KREMLIN-BICETRE, LE KREMLIN-BICETRE 94275, - - 2006
Trauma during pregnancy is commonly viewed as benign for the foetus when the delivery occurs normally. This study revisits that point of view. We included eighteen patients having a neurological handicap with an anamnesis of an accident during pregnancy and a follow-up sufficient to determine a definite outcome. Pregnancy outcome ...
Tsitlakidis C - - 2006
The B-Lynch surgical technique for the management of massive postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) has been used successfully since 1989 in cases where bleeding was secondary to uterine atony with failed conservative management. It allows for conservation of the uterus for subsequent menstrual function and pregnancies. In this report, we present a ...
Turner Michael D - - 2006
Gravidity is defined as the development of the young in utero. It initiates hormonal, psychological and physiological changes in the female patient, providing the dentist with many questions about the management of these patients. These physiologic alterations, as well as the embryologic development of the fetus, will be discussed along ...
Franchini Massimo - - 2006
The development of factor VIII autoantibodies is a rare but severe complication of pregnancy. Although the natural history of postpartum acquired hemophilia A is usually benign, with a high percentage of spontaneous remissions and a low mortality, its quick recognition is important to control bleeding episodes. Based on an analysis ...
Wong M K - - 2006
Recurrent pneumothorax is rare during pregnancy. We describe a Chinese woman, with a history of spontaneous pneumothorax managed with an intercostal drain, who developed a recurrent pneumothorax during her 32nd week of pregnancy. There is no consensus on management in this situation. We review the literature and discuss different management ...
Swelstad Matthew R MR Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wis. 53792, - - 2006
Gigantomastia of pregnancy is a rare, severely debilitating condition characterized by massive enlargement of breasts and resulting in tissue necrosis, ulceration, infection, and, occasionally, hemorrhage. Typically, resolution of breast hypertrophy to near prepregnancy size occurs in the postpartum period. Treatment is controversial. The authors present a patient with gestational gigantomastia ...
Haase Michael - - 2006
For women on maintenance dialysis, pregnancy is still uncommon. The outcome of such pregnancies has improved in recent case series. Here, we report in detail the treatment of five successful pregnancies in dialysis patients from our centre. The present case series also includes the first successful pregnancy of a dialysis ...
Shapiro Janet M - - 2006
The obstetric patient poses exceptional challenges in the intensive care unit. Knowledge of the physiologic changes of pregnancy and specific pregnancy-related disorders is necessary for optimal management. Intensive care unit diagnoses may include preeclampsia, including the HELLP syndrome, pulmonary embolic disease, amniotic fluid embolism, status asthmaticus, respiratory infection, the acute ...
Zampetti Anna - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The relationship between pregnancy and a change in melanocytic nevi is still controversial. Moreover, management of the rapid evolution of a nevus in an unauspicious melanocytic lesion can be a clinical challenge in pregnancy. METHODS: This article examines a case of a fast-growing deep penetrating nevus in a pregnant ...
Robson Stephen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Women who have an unexplained stillbirth are more likely to be delivered early, by induced labour or Caesarean section, in their next pregnancy. It is unclear whether these birth outcomes result from characteristics of the next pregnancy, or represent management strategies of obstetricians. AIM: To investigate obstetricians' management strategies ...
Mitwally Mohamed F - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness (success, safety, and complications) of a novel technique of gestational sac aspiration in the management of early pregnancy failure as an alternative to dilation and evacuation (D&E) and conservative management. DESIGN: Prospective historical cohort study comparing effectiveness of gestational sac aspiration (study group) to ...
Dalton Vanessa K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine patient treatment preferences and satisfaction with an office-based procedure for early pregnancy failure and to compare resource use and cost between office and operating room management of early pregnancy failure. METHODS: This study was a prospective observational study of 165 women presenting for surgical management of early ...
Nathani Fatima - - 2006
Hereditary angioedema is a potentially life-threatening condition which can complicate pregnancy. A 34-year-old patient with known C1 esterase inhibitor (C1INH) deficiency was managed successfully in our department and her management was a part of a shared care strategy with the medical and anesthetic departments. Peripartum management plans along with an ...
Griesshammer Martin - - 2006
The management of pregnant patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV) may be problematic. In the literature there are approximately 300 cases of pregnancies reported in ET and less than 50 pregnancies reported in PV. To reduce the effect of reporting bias, we selected articles with either > ...
Wallerstein R - - 2006
A retrospective survey of genetic counselors was conducted in order to identify practice patterns and factors that influence a patient's decision making when a de novo translocation is diagnosed pre-natally. Different variables that influence patients' decisions about pregnancy management were assessed and compared. Specifically, the type of rearrangement and/or knowledge ...
Chang Chih-Yuan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is an uncommon type of ectopic pregnancy. It results in uterine rupture and severe hemorrhage during the proceeding gestation. Whether diagnosed early or not, it may cause maternal mortality or morbidity during emergency management. Life-saving emergency hysterectomy is usually the treatment of choice when there ...
Prabu P - - 2006
Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS) is a rare autosomal recessively inherited bleeding disorder. Pregnancy in patients with BSS is characterized by ante-, intra-, or postpartum haemorrhage, which may be delayed and severe. There is no consensus in the management of BSS in pregnancy and so far only 16 pregnancies in nine patients ...
Hughes I A IA Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK. - - 2006
The birth of an intersex child prompts a long-term management strategy that involves a myriad of professionals working with the family. There has been progress in diagnosis, surgical techniques, understanding psychosocial issues and in recognizing and accepting the place of patient advocacy. The Lawson Wilkins Paediatric Endocrine Society (LWPES) and ...
Lyons F - - 2006
Management of HIV-1 in pregnancy has reduced the mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) rate from 25-30% to <2% in the developed world, including Ireland. In Ireland most HIV positive pregnant women are diagnosed through antenatal screening many of whom arrive here late in pregnancy. Geographic dispersal and subsequent involvement of obstetric units throughout ...
Jido T A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mammary gigantism is a rare, cosmetically embarrassing complication of pregnancy that may ulcerate and have potentially fatal bleeding. METHODS: A case report of a 20-year old primigravida with bilateral massive breast enlargement is presented to highlight the clinical presentation and management challenges of the condition. RESULTS: She was treated ...
Tierney J P - - 2006
This is a complete audit of the management of early pregnancy within Glasgow hospitals using the Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists (RCOG) Clinical Green Top Guideline 25 as the set standard. The Effective Gynaecology in Glasgow Group (EGGG) developed a document to record the current practice of the management ...
Stephenson Mary D - - 2006
Recurrent pregnancy loss is a devastating health problem that affects many couples who are trying to establish a family. Evaluation depends on a number of factors, including the pattern of pregnancy loss, underlying medical disease and life-style issues. A detailed obstetric history, including gestational age at the time of death, ...
Scirica Benjamin M - - 2006
Women with valvular disease who are pregnant or planning to conceive require careful evaluation and management. Pregnancy is associated with normal physiologic changes that can aggravate many valvular conditions and may require the initiation or increase of cardiovascular medications to manage fluid overload or arrhythmias. Most women will tolerate pregnancy ...
Azimi Nassir A - - 2006
Although asymptomatic pericardial effusions are relatively common in pregnancy, their true incidence is not known. Symptomatic effusions are, however, rare in pregnancy. The authors present a rare case of pericardial tamponade complicating pregnancy with resulting diagnosis of angiosarcoma. They review the literature involving pericardial disease in pregnancy and discuss important ...
Storm Douglas W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bleeding angiomyolipomas in pregnancy are rare but may be devastating and potentially fatal. In previous cases, most of these lesions have been managed with urgent nephrectomy or embolization. Only one other case report describes treating these lesions through conservative management and vaginal delivery. CASE: A 32-year-old woman with known ...
Bonin Miguel Marc - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum in labour and delivery is a rare but potentially serious occurrence that must be identified and managed appropriately to avoid unnecessary investigations and interventions. Published reports indicate that subsequent pregnancies pose no additional risk for recurrence. CASE: A 27-year-old primiparous patient with an uneventful pregnancy ...
Sammour Rami N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hepatopulmonary syndrome is an uncommon complication of liver cirrhosis. The natural history of this condition and its optimal management during pregnancy are not yet known. CASE: We present the case of a 35-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis who developed severe dyspnea in the 25th week of gestation and was ...
Barbui Tiziano - - 2006
The goal of this review is to assess the current treatment and outcomes of special clinical situations in patients with myeloproliferative disease (MPD) such as pregnancy, major thrombotic and bleeding complications and surgical interventions. However, only a limited literature to support optimal management strategies is available. Many of the proposed ...
Sills Eric Scott - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe management and clinical features observed in a patient's seven spontaneous pneumothoraces that developed during two consecutive pregnancies involving both hemithoraces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 21 year old former smoker developed three spontaneous left pneumothoraces in the index pregnancy, having already experienced four right pneumothorax events in a ...
Casella R - - 2006
Renal cell carcinoma is rarely diagnosed during pregnancy and its management represents a real challenge. Pregnancy demands special consideration in terms of diagnostic evaluation and management, particularly during the second trimester. We report a patient undergoing left radical nephrectomy using a thoracoretroperitoneal approach at 22 weeks' gestation. Histological analysis revealed ...
Iwashita Toshiko - - 2006
We report on 2 successful pregnancies in a young woman who has essential thrombocythemia. The platelet count remained well controlled with interferon-alfa administration together with acetylsalicylic acid in each pregnancy. The present case and the published series suggest that close monitoring of the platelet count is crucial and that interferon ...
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