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Mehran Pegah - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) is an important requirement for optimal maternal-infant adaptation. Current studies showed conflicting findings about whether a history of perinatal loss (fetal/neonatal death) affects maternal attachment in pregnancy. RESEARCH QUESTION: "Does a history of perinatal loss affect maternal-fetal attachment behaviors?" METHODS: One hundred women with and without ...
Gur Tamar L TL Penn Center for Women's Behavioral Wellness, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, 3535 Market St, 3rd Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
Women are increasingly prescribed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy, with potential implications for neurodevelopment. Whether prenatal SSRI exposure has an effect on neurodevelopment and behavior in the offspring is an important area of investigation. The aim of this paper was to review the existing preclinical and clinical literature ...
Bennett Wendy L WL Division of General Internal Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2013
Prepregnancy to postpregnancy change in weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, diet, and physical activity in women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were compared. Using the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study, women with at least one pregnancy during 20 years of follow-up (n = ...
Kessing B F - - 2013
We present a patient that developed severe belching during pregnancy. Esophageal pH-impedance monitoring revealed frequent supragastric belching, but not gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Thus, severe belching during pregnancy can be due to a behavioral disorder in the absence of GERD. Belching complaints during pregnancy should therefore not always be treated ...
Kogan Steven M SM Department of Human Development and Family Science, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA. - - 2013
The timing and social context of pregnancy have significant implications for the well-being of African-American young people. Rarely, however, do studies focus on identifying the developmental processes associated with young people's avoidance of pregnancy until after adolescence. We tested hypotheses regarding the factors associated with delayed fertility (no experience of ...
Hill Jonathan - - 2013
The low activity variant of the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) functional promoter polymorphism, MAOA-LPR, in interaction with adverse environments (G x E) is associated with child and adult antisocial behavior disorders. MAOA is expressed during fetal development so in utero G x E may influence early neurodevelopment. We tested the ...
Somers Cheryl L - - 2013
An experiential approach to preventing teen pregnancy, "Baby Think It Over" is a popular option in schools. The current study used an experimental design and a 1-year longitudinal follow-up with 93 experimental group and 92 control group male and female, primarily African American and Mexican American, low-socioeconomic status students from ...
Yazdi B - - 2013
To evaluate the prefrontal space ratio (PFSR) in second- and third-trimester euploid fetuses and fetuses with trisomy 21. This was a retrospective study utilizing stored mid-sagittal two-dimensional images of second- and third-trimester fetal faces that were recorded during prenatal ultrasound examinations at the Department of Prenatal Medicine at the University ...
Rocca Corinne H CH Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
High unintended pregnancy rates, and inconsistencies between reported pregnancy intentions and contraceptive behaviors, have been well documented among young U.S. women. Women's beliefs about the benefits of childbearing and motherhood may be related to the apparent disconnect between pregnancy intentions and reproductive outcomes. Perceived benefits of childbearing and feelings about ...
Grindlay Kate - - 2013
To estimate unintended pregnancy rates among a representative sample of 7,225 active-duty women in the U.S. military in 2008 and to compare these rates with 2005 and with the U.S. population. Cross-sectional data came from the 2008 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors among Active Duty Military Personnel ...
Zuena Anna Rita AR Department of Physiology and Pharmacology Vittorio Erspamer, I Faculty of Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2013
Maternal-fetal HIV-1 transmission can be prevented by administration of AZT, alone or in combination with other antiretroviral drugs to pregnant HIV-1-infected women and their newborns. In spite of the benefits deriving from this life-saving prophylactic therapy, there is still considerable uncertainty on the potential long-term adverse effects of antiretroviral drugs ...
Yeo SeonAe - - 2013
Physical activities provide women a way to improve their health and intervene in disease processes during pregnancy. This chapter briefly describes pathophysiological models and then examines current research on the effects of physical activity on prevention and treatment of gestational diabetes and preeclampsia. The chapter then reviews cognitive behavioral theories ...
Sui Z - - 2012
Overweight and obesity during pregnancy is associated with risk of a range of adverse health outcomes. While intervention studies aim to promote behavioral change, little is known about the underlying psychological mechanisms facilitating and hindering change. The aim of this study was to evaluate overweight and obese women's perceptions of ...
Sagiv Sharon K SK Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA. - - 2012
To investigate the association of prenatal mercury exposure and fish intake with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-related behavior. For a population-based prospective birth cohort recruited in New Bedford, Massachusetts (1993-1998), we analyzed data for children examined at age 8 years with peripartum maternal hair mercury measures (n = 421) or maternal report ...
Liu Jianghong J School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States. - - 2013
While the impact of active maternal smoking during pregnancy on child health has been well investigated, the association between maternal passive smoking, or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), or second-hand smoke, and behavioral development of offspring is less clear. This study examines the association between maternal ETS exposure during pregnancy and ...
Tucker Joan S JS RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA, USA. - - 2012
Pregnancy rates are substantially higher among homeless youth than in the general population of youth, yet little is known about homeless adolescents' and young adults' pregnancy-related attitudes and behaviors. Pregnancy-related attitudes and behaviors were examined among two samples of sexually active homeless 13-24-year-olds in Los Angeles County. Data from 37 ...
Nulman Irena I Motherisk Program, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Canada. - - 2012
Effects on child neurodevelopment of neurotransmitter reuptake inhibitors used as antidepressants during pregnancy have not been adequately studied. The authors compared the effects of prenatal exposure to venlafaxine (serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and maternal depression. A cohort derived from a prospectively collected database included four groups ...
Ghazeeri Ghina - - 2012
Background  Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy (PUPPP) is a benign pruritic inflammatory skin disorder that usually affects primigravidae in their third trimester of pregnancy. Studies on this condition from our area are lacking. Objective and methods  To describe the epidemiological, clinical, and histopathological findings of all patients diagnosed ...
Marcell Arik V - - 2012
Unintended pregnancy rates are high in the United States. It is important to know whether improving males' access to emergency contraceptive pills may help prevent unintended pregnancy, especially in cases of -condom failure. A search of the PubMed, PsycINFO and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases was ...
Upadhyaya Suneet Kumar - - 2012
Pica refers to eating of non-nutritious substances, which is usually seen in childhood or pregnancy. Here we report a case of an illiterate tribal woman who developed pica as the sole manifestation of obsessive compulsive disorder, with onset during pregnancy. The patient had compulsions of eating uncooked rice or wheat, ...
Razi Emma - - 2012
I have feared developing stretch marks since my first pregnancy. Getting to grips with my changing shape was a big challenge, but I was safe in the knowledge that post-pregnancy I could work towards losing the weight. But stretch marks are permanent, and to me-disfiguring. I researched how stretch marks ...
Boggess Kim A - - 2012
Background: Maternal periodontal disease diagnosed by a detailed oral health examination is associated with preeclampsia. Our objective was to measure the association between maternal self-report of oral symptoms/problems, oral hygiene practices, and/or dental service utilization prior to or during pregnancy and severe preeclampsia. Methods: A written questionnaire was administered to ...
Sanghavi Darshak M - - 2012
The ideal treatment for fetal arrhythmias associated with hydrops is not known. This case report describes a novel approach to fetal cardioversion using oral maternal bolus dosing of flecainide.
Barone William R - - 2012
The objective of this study was to elucidate the normal functional adaptations of the cervix in pregnancy. Utilizing a Long-Evans rodent model, the cervix was divided into distal and proximal portions for virgin, mid-pregnant, and four weeks postpartum animals. The quasi-linear viscoelastic theory describes the elastic and viscous behavior of ...
Thompson Terri-Ann - - 2012
Despite increasing recognition of the importance of oral health to overall health, dental care utilization remains low in the US. Given the established link between maternal oral health and child oral health, this study examined factors related to preventive dental care utilization at two critical time points, before and during ...
Sonek J - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate a novel ultrasound measurement, the prefrontal space ratio (PFSR), in second-trimester trisomy 21 and euploid fetuses. Methods: Stored 3D volumes of fetal profiles from 26 trisomy 21 and 90 euploid fetuses at 15-25 weeks' gestation were examined. A line was drawn between the leading edge of the ...
Baghianimoghadam Mohammad Hossein - - 2012
Normal vaginal delivery (NVD) is the best method of delivery, but its rate is decreasing. Results of many studies have shown that the risk of cesarean section (CS) for both mother and child is more than that of NVD. The World Health Organization's (WHO) goal was to achieve a CS ...
Khalafallah Alhossain A - - 2012
Nutritional iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) is the most common disorder in the world, affecting more than two billion people. The World Health Organization's global database on anaemia has estimated a prevalence of 14% based on a regression-based analysis. Recent data show that the prevalence of IDA in pregnant women in industrialized ...
Abiodun Moses M Department of Child Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. - - 2012
Neonatal lupus is a rare syndrome resulting from passively transferred maternal autoantibodies during pregnancy. A male infant was delivered at term to a 29-year-old primiparous woman who was diagnosed of systemic lupus erythematosus 2 years earlier and had detectable levels of autoantibodies (antinuclear antibody (ANA), anti-dsDNA, anti-Ro and anti-La/SSB) in ...
Nayak Ajay G AG Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, MGVs Karmaveer Bhausaheb Hiray Dental College, Nashik, India - - 2012
Pregnancy is a period of both joy and anxiety in a woman's life and is characterized by various physiological changes in her body brought about by the circulating female sex hormones. The oral cavity is also the seat of changes and these physiologic changes of pregnancy need to be addressed ...
Chander Ram - - 2011
The specific dermatoses of pregnancy represent a heterogenous group of ill-defined pruritic skin diseases, unique to pregnancy and post partum period. The aim of our study was epidemiological and clinical evaluation of various specific dermatoses of pregnancy. All patients visiting our antenatal clinic were screened for various pruritic skin conditions ...
Kandan Ponnuswamy Mani - - 2011
Primary health care providers are in a unique position to treat the pregnant mothers for dental as well as general health for a healthy mother and child. Oral cavity is also subjected to reversible as well as irreversible changes due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. Perinatal mortality rates in Pakistan ...
Wilson Colin H - - 2011
Liver cell adenomas (LCA) can present during pregnancy with abdominal pain and bleeding. Assessment and management at this time are complicated by concerns over fetal well-being. We reviewed cases from our own institution, including the only laparoscopic liver resection reported in pregnancy, and systematically reviewed the literature to identify successful ...
Baldwin Kelly Jo - - 2011
Pregnancy is associated with impaired T-cell-mediated immunity putting the woman at risk for infectious diseases not typically seen in immunocompetent individuals. When maternal infection is severe, and when a primary herpesvirus infection is acquired during pregnancy, there is a risk of fetal loss, maternal death, neonatal death, or congenital abnormalities ...
Mullin P M PM 1Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2011
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), severe nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, is characterized by long-term maternal stress, undernutrition and dehydration. While maternal stress and malnutrition of pregnancy are linked to poor neonatal outcome and associated with poor adult health, long-term outcome of fetal exposure to HG has never been explored. The purpose ...
Yakasai I A - - 2011
Abstract Background: Some dermatoses worsen during pregnancy, some improve, yet others have unpredictable course. Objective: To conduct evidence-based search, and review of current management of specific dermatoses of pregnancy. Methods: Comprehensive literature search was conducted, with Medline and Cochrane Database regarding skin diseases in pregnancy from 1990- 2005. International pharmaceutical ...
Arsenescu Razvan - - 2011
Inflammatory bowel diseases, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis have an unpredictable course during and after pregnancy (1). There is a great deal of interest in treating moderate to severe active inflammatory bowel disease with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) biologics in pregnant women (2). We lack definitive information about the effects ...
Chaparro María - - 2011
The aim of the present article was to review the role of the placenta function in the transfer of immunosuppressants and monoclonal antibodies used for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, as well as the available data regarding the safety of these therapies during pregnancy. Methotrexate can cause congenital abnormalities ...
Schnitzler Fabian - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA) are attractive treatment options in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) also during pregnancy but there is still limited data on the benefit/risk profile of IFX and ADA during pregnancy. METHODS:: This observational study assessed pregnancy outcomes in 212 women with IBD under antitumor ...
Shaw Caroline J - - 2011
Impetigo herpetiformis or gestational pustular psoriasis can account for 4.25% of all pregnancy dermatoses seen. Unlike other pregnancy dermatoses, it can be associated with constitutional symptoms including fever, rigors, arthralgia and complications of secondary infection and sepsis. There is an increased risk of fetal anomalies and stillbirths. A 25-year-old para ...
Lardenoije Céline M J G - - 2011
A 39-year-old woman in the 39th week of her fifth pregnancy presented with severe itching. In recent weeks she had developed an increasingly itchy rash on her trunk and arms. Upon examination we observed multiple erythematous plaques and vesicles. Histological examinations of two skin biopsies confirmed the diagnosis of pemphigoid ...
Beigi Richard H - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become an increasingly aggressive and prevalent pathogen in medicine. This pattern has also been noted in obstetrics. This review will delineate the epidemiology and clinical implications of MRSA during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Investigations have focused on prevalence of MRSA colonization in obstetrics ...
Mahadevan Uma - - 2011
Women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have similar rates of fertility to the general population, but have an increased rate of adverse pregnancy outcomes compared with the general population, which may be worsened by disease activity. Infertility is increased in those undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy in ...
Shui Losa Hao - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mid-gut volvulus is a rare complication of pregnancy, where torsion of the small bowel around its mesentery can result in extensive bowel infarction. To our knowledge, there has been no previous reported case of mid-gut volvulus and mesenteric vessel thrombosis managed without bowel resection. CASE: A 25-year-old woman presented ...
Raatikainen K - - 2011
Inflammatory bowel diseases are frequent in women at their optimum age for reproduction. Possible effects on pregnancy are therefore of interest. To assess pregnancy outcomes in 212 women: 135 of whom were diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease before pregnancy and 77 after pregnancy. A clinical birth database was examined retrospectively. ...
Han In-Ho - - 2010
To review recent publications in spinal problems during pregnancy, diagnosis, and management. Pregnancy-related low back pain (LBP) is the most common problem which can occur during pregnancy. Among the various factors of pregnancy-related LBP, previous LBP and LBP during menstruation seem to be significant risk factors of pregnancy-related LBP. Patient ...
Coelho Jessica - - 2011
Few studies have been conducted addressing the safety of thiopurine treatment in pregnant women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the pregnancy outcome of women with IBD who have been exposed to thiopurines. 215 pregnancies in 204 women were registered and documented in ...
Brugger Peter C - - 2010
OBJECTIVES:: To describe the MRI-morphology and fetal development of gastroschisis METHODS:: Twenty-seven fetal MRI studies of 24 fetuses [21-38 gestational weeks (GW), mean: 30.8 GW] with gastroschisis were retrospectively analysed. The extra- and intraabdominal position of the abdominal organs was assessed on T1-, T2-weighted and steady-state free-precession sequences with emphasis ...
Muthukrishnan Jayaraman - - 2010
Increased predilection for hypokalemia-induced rhabdomyolysis has been noted in pregnant women. We managed a woman with distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA) with persistent hypokalemia who presented with recurrent rhabdomyolysis in her consecutive pregnancies despite adequate potassium citrate therapy.
Pyatt Jason R - - 2011
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare and potentially fatal disease which presents with symptoms of heart failure primarily due to left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction in the last month of pregnancy and up to 5-6 months after delivery. PPCM is still regarded as a disease of unknown aetiology, although recent evidence ...
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