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Razi Emma - - 2012
I have feared developing stretch marks since my first pregnancy. Getting to grips with my changing shape was a big challenge, but I was safe in the knowledge that post-pregnancy I could work towards losing the weight. But stretch marks are permanent, and to me-disfiguring. I researched how stretch marks ...
Boggess Kim A - - 2012
Background: Maternal periodontal disease diagnosed by a detailed oral health examination is associated with preeclampsia. Our objective was to measure the association between maternal self-report of oral symptoms/problems, oral hygiene practices, and/or dental service utilization prior to or during pregnancy and severe preeclampsia. Methods: A written questionnaire was administered to ...
Sanghavi Darshak M - - 2012
The ideal treatment for fetal arrhythmias associated with hydrops is not known. This case report describes a novel approach to fetal cardioversion using oral maternal bolus dosing of flecainide.
Barone William R - - 2012
The objective of this study was to elucidate the normal functional adaptations of the cervix in pregnancy. Utilizing a Long-Evans rodent model, the cervix was divided into distal and proximal portions for virgin, mid-pregnant, and four weeks postpartum animals. The quasi-linear viscoelastic theory describes the elastic and viscous behavior of ...
Thompson Terri-Ann - - 2012
Despite increasing recognition of the importance of oral health to overall health, dental care utilization remains low in the US. Given the established link between maternal oral health and child oral health, this study examined factors related to preventive dental care utilization at two critical time points, before and during ...
Sonek J - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate a novel ultrasound measurement, the prefrontal space ratio (PFSR), in second-trimester trisomy 21 and euploid fetuses. Methods: Stored 3D volumes of fetal profiles from 26 trisomy 21 and 90 euploid fetuses at 15-25 weeks' gestation were examined. A line was drawn between the leading edge of the ...
Baghianimoghadam Mohammad Hossein - - 2012
Normal vaginal delivery (NVD) is the best method of delivery, but its rate is decreasing. Results of many studies have shown that the risk of cesarean section (CS) for both mother and child is more than that of NVD. The World Health Organization's (WHO) goal was to achieve a CS ...
Nayak Ajay G - - 2012
Pregnancy is a period of both joy and anxiety in a woman's life and is characterized by various physiological changes in her body brought about by the circulating female sex hormones. The oral cavity is also the seat of changes and these physiologic changes of pregnancy need to be addressed ...
Khalafallah Alhossain A - - 2012
Nutritional iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) is the most common disorder in the world, affecting more than two billion people. The World Health Organization's global database on anaemia has estimated a prevalence of 14% based on a regression-based analysis. Recent data show that the prevalence of IDA in pregnant women in industrialized ...
Abiodun Moses M Department of Child Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. - - 2012
Neonatal lupus is a rare syndrome resulting from passively transferred maternal autoantibodies during pregnancy. A male infant was delivered at term to a 29-year-old primiparous woman who was diagnosed of systemic lupus erythematosus 2 years earlier and had detectable levels of autoantibodies (antinuclear antibody (ANA), anti-dsDNA, anti-Ro and anti-La/SSB) in ...
Chander Ram - - 2011
The specific dermatoses of pregnancy represent a heterogenous group of ill-defined pruritic skin diseases, unique to pregnancy and post partum period. The aim of our study was epidemiological and clinical evaluation of various specific dermatoses of pregnancy. All patients visiting our antenatal clinic were screened for various pruritic skin conditions ...
Kandan Ponnuswamy Mani - - 2011
Primary health care providers are in a unique position to treat the pregnant mothers for dental as well as general health for a healthy mother and child. Oral cavity is also subjected to reversible as well as irreversible changes due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. Perinatal mortality rates in Pakistan ...
Wilson Colin H - - 2011
Liver cell adenomas (LCA) can present during pregnancy with abdominal pain and bleeding. Assessment and management at this time are complicated by concerns over fetal well-being. We reviewed cases from our own institution, including the only laparoscopic liver resection reported in pregnancy, and systematically reviewed the literature to identify successful ...
Baldwin Kelly Jo - - 2011
Pregnancy is associated with impaired T-cell-mediated immunity putting the woman at risk for infectious diseases not typically seen in immunocompetent individuals. When maternal infection is severe, and when a primary herpesvirus infection is acquired during pregnancy, there is a risk of fetal loss, maternal death, neonatal death, or congenital abnormalities ...
Yakasai I A - - 2011
Abstract Background: Some dermatoses worsen during pregnancy, some improve, yet others have unpredictable course. Objective: To conduct evidence-based search, and review of current management of specific dermatoses of pregnancy. Methods: Comprehensive literature search was conducted, with Medline and Cochrane Database regarding skin diseases in pregnancy from 1990- 2005. International pharmaceutical ...
Arsenescu Razvan - - 2011
Inflammatory bowel diseases, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis have an unpredictable course during and after pregnancy (1). There is a great deal of interest in treating moderate to severe active inflammatory bowel disease with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) biologics in pregnant women (2). We lack definitive information about the effects ...
Chaparro María - - 2011
The aim of the present article was to review the role of the placenta function in the transfer of immunosuppressants and monoclonal antibodies used for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, as well as the available data regarding the safety of these therapies during pregnancy. Methotrexate can cause congenital abnormalities ...
Schnitzler Fabian - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA) are attractive treatment options in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) also during pregnancy but there is still limited data on the benefit/risk profile of IFX and ADA during pregnancy. METHODS:: This observational study assessed pregnancy outcomes in 212 women with IBD under antitumor ...
Shaw Caroline J - - 2011
Impetigo herpetiformis or gestational pustular psoriasis can account for 4.25% of all pregnancy dermatoses seen. Unlike other pregnancy dermatoses, it can be associated with constitutional symptoms including fever, rigors, arthralgia and complications of secondary infection and sepsis. There is an increased risk of fetal anomalies and stillbirths. A 25-year-old para ...
Lardenoije Céline M J G - - 2011
A 39-year-old woman in the 39th week of her fifth pregnancy presented with severe itching. In recent weeks she had developed an increasingly itchy rash on her trunk and arms. Upon examination we observed multiple erythematous plaques and vesicles. Histological examinations of two skin biopsies confirmed the diagnosis of pemphigoid ...
Beigi Richard H - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become an increasingly aggressive and prevalent pathogen in medicine. This pattern has also been noted in obstetrics. This review will delineate the epidemiology and clinical implications of MRSA during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Investigations have focused on prevalence of MRSA colonization in obstetrics ...
Mahadevan Uma - - 2011
Women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have similar rates of fertility to the general population, but have an increased rate of adverse pregnancy outcomes compared with the general population, which may be worsened by disease activity. Infertility is increased in those undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy in ...
Shui Losa Hao - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Mid-gut volvulus is a rare complication of pregnancy, where torsion of the small bowel around its mesentery can result in extensive bowel infarction. To our knowledge, there has been no previous reported case of mid-gut volvulus and mesenteric vessel thrombosis managed without bowel resection. CASE: A 25-year-old woman presented ...
Raatikainen K - - 2011
Inflammatory bowel diseases are frequent in women at their optimum age for reproduction. Possible effects on pregnancy are therefore of interest. To assess pregnancy outcomes in 212 women: 135 of whom were diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease before pregnancy and 77 after pregnancy. A clinical birth database was examined retrospectively. ...
Han In-Ho - - 2010
To review recent publications in spinal problems during pregnancy, diagnosis, and management. Pregnancy-related low back pain (LBP) is the most common problem which can occur during pregnancy. Among the various factors of pregnancy-related LBP, previous LBP and LBP during menstruation seem to be significant risk factors of pregnancy-related LBP. Patient ...
Coelho Jessica - - 2011
Few studies have been conducted addressing the safety of thiopurine treatment in pregnant women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the pregnancy outcome of women with IBD who have been exposed to thiopurines. 215 pregnancies in 204 women were registered and documented in ...
Brugger Peter C - - 2010
OBJECTIVES:: To describe the MRI-morphology and fetal development of gastroschisis METHODS:: Twenty-seven fetal MRI studies of 24 fetuses [21-38 gestational weeks (GW), mean: 30.8 GW] with gastroschisis were retrospectively analysed. The extra- and intraabdominal position of the abdominal organs was assessed on T1-, T2-weighted and steady-state free-precession sequences with emphasis ...
Muthukrishnan Jayaraman - - 2010
Increased predilection for hypokalemia-induced rhabdomyolysis has been noted in pregnant women. We managed a woman with distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA) with persistent hypokalemia who presented with recurrent rhabdomyolysis in her consecutive pregnancies despite adequate potassium citrate therapy.
Pyatt Jason R - - 2011
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare and potentially fatal disease which presents with symptoms of heart failure primarily due to left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction in the last month of pregnancy and up to 5-6 months after delivery. PPCM is still regarded as a disease of unknown aetiology, although recent evidence ...
Monari Francesca - - 2010
In literature, there is a paucity of information about the management of the subsequent pregnancy after stillbirth (SB). we undertook a systematic review of the literature focusing on the evidence for antenatal interventions with the potential to prevent SB and we try to summarise the management of the pregnancy subsequent ...
Krysiak Robert - - 2011
As primary hyperparathyroidism affects mainly middle-aged and elderly women, it is an infrequent finding during gestation and breastfeeding. To date, less than 200 pregnant patients with primary hyperparathyroidism diagnosed during pregnancy have been described. Like in other disorders of the parathyroid gland, the recognition of primary hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy and ...
Lynch José Carlos - - 2011
The occurrence of brain tumours during pregnancy is unusual, when this happen jeopardises the lives of both the mother and infant. This article aims at identifying the best medical management to be followed for a pregnant patient harbouring a brain tumour. The records of 10 patients with brain tumours diagnosed ...
Struck Manuel F - - 2010
The authors report the case of a 29-year-old pregnant woman (2g1p) in the 16th week of gestation presenting with extensive toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). The cutaneous symptoms began at hands, feet, and in the mouth and developed during the course of 10 days to cover 75% of her TBSA, whereas ...
Reddy Uma M - - 2010
It is difficult for clinicians to counsel, evaluate, and manage subsequent pregnancies after stillbirth as little is known about pregnancy outcome after a stillbirth. In a significant number of cases, either the evaluation was incomplete or the prior stillbirth remains unexplained despite a complete work-up. In addition, there are important ...
AlJuaid Eidha F - - 2010
Congenital nasal aperture stenosis is an unusual cause of upper airway obstruction among neonates, and rarely presents as unilateral. Most commonly presents as choanal atresia. A CT evaluation is essential to confirm the diagnosis. Both surgical and conservative management can be applied, based on the severity of the associated clinical ...
Mendez-Figueroa H - - 2010
Very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiency is an enzymatic defect of the fatty acid (FA) beta oxidation pathway. In catabolic states, such as labor and early postpartum period, patients are potentially prone to metabolic decompensation and subsequent rhabdomyolysis with increased risk for myoglobinuria and renal insufficiency. We report a 21-year-old ...
Murji Ally - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Thionamide-induced agranulocytosis in pregnancy is a rare event that poses unique therapeutic challenges. CASE: A 37-year-old woman developed agranulocytosis while taking propylthiouracil in the third trimester. After she took broad-spectrum antibiotics and discontinued propylthiouracil, her neutrophil counts recovered. She was initially managed expectantly but later underwent an uncomplicated total ...
Girotra Mohit - - 2010
Cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis occur frequently in pregnancy and their management can be complicated. Traditional endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the first line treatment for choledocholithiasis, but in addition to its baseline risks, fluoroscopy poses an additional radiation risk to the fetus. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is an accurate modality for detecting ...
Barraco Robert D - - 2010
Trauma during pregnancy has presented very unique challenges over the centuries. From the first report of Ambrose Pare of a gunshot wound to the uterus in the 1600s to the present, there have existed controversies and inconsistencies in diagnosis, management, prognostics, and outcome. Anxiety is heightened by the addition of ...
Dabrowska D M - - 2010
We describe a 42-year-old multiparous woman who was admitted to our hospital in the 28 th week of her twin pregnancy because of anaemia and proteinuria. She was subsequently diagnosed with multiple myeloma. An uncomplicated elective caesarean section was performed at 35 weeks under combined spinal-epidural anaesthesia with a good ...
Quaye A A - - 2010
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor, yet it is exceedingly rare in pregnancy. We present a case of a 33-year-old multiparous woman diagnosed with high-grade osteosarcoma during the third trimester of pregnancy. A plan was formulated to perform cesarean delivery at 33 weeks of gestation under spinal ...
Piccoli Giorgina B - - 2011
Pregnancy in CKD is an increasing challenge, considering also the paucity of therapeutic tools available in pregnant women. While theoretically interesting, the experience with low protein diets in pregnancy is limited. Aim of this feasibility study is to review our experience with supplemented vegetarian low protein diets in pregnancy, as ...
Wang Peng - - 2011
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) during pregnancy is rare and may result in permanent damage if not promptly treated. There were few studies discussing the etiology, presentation and treatment of SSEH during pregnancy. The authors describe a case of spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma during pregnancy, which was diagnosed by magnetic ...
Kluger Nicolas - - 2010
Body art has gained tremendously in popularity over the past 20 years, and a substantial number of pregnant women may have tattoos or piercings. In most cases, pregnancy will be uneventful. However, on rare occasions, body art may become an issue or cause complications. Navel and abdominal surface piercing and ...
Kolawole A O D - - 2010
Heterotopic gestations occurring in spontaneous conception cycles are rare. An incidence of in has been documented. However there is a rising rate mostly attributed to ovulation induction and assisted reproduction techniques where it occurs in to of all clinical pregnancies. A high index of suspicion and use of ancillary investigations ...
Phupong Vorapong - - 2010
Heterotopic pregnancy is a rare event and management is by either laparotomy or laparoscopic surgery to remove the extrauterine pregnancy. As there has been no report detailing the use of gasless laparoscopy for management of heterotopic pregnancy, the authors herein report a case of heterotopic pregnancy that was successfully managed ...
Thomas Anil A - - 2010
The management of urological emergencies during pregnancy presents unique clinical challenges for the treating physician. Clinical signs and symptoms are often subtle while diagnostic and therapeutic options are limited in treating patients to avoid fetal morbidity. A high index of suspicion with early diagnosis and treatment are essential for the ...
Mendez-Figueroa Hector - - 2010
Ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency is the most common enzymatic deficiency in the urea cycle. In catabolic states, such as the intrapartum and immediate postpartum periods, hyperammonemic comas with permanent neurological damage and death can develop. We report six cases of OTC deficiency during pregnancy managed at our institution and review ...
Dagli Aditi I - - 2010
Patients with type Ia glycogen storage disease (GSD) have been surviving well into adulthood since continuous glucose therapy was introduced in the 1970s, and there have been many documented successful pregnancies in women with this condition. Historically, few individuals with type Ib GSD, however, survived into adulthood prior to the introduction of ...
Avsar A F - - 2010
Haemorrhoids are varicose veins of the rectum covered by mucosa at or near the anal canal. They are normally asymptomatic, can occur at any age and affect both males and females. In this review, we address the issue of the approach of the obstetrician to haemorrhoids and their management. Haemorrhoids ...
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