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Buzaglo N N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in vaginal deliveries and the influence of previous PPH on the subsequent pregnancy. Study design: A retrospective cohort study including first singleton deliveries between the years 1988 and 2012 was performed comparing deliveries with and without PPH. In addition, perinatal ...
Eltayeb Saniya M SM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Alkhod 123, Muscat, Oman. E-mail: - - 2014
To define the different causes of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) among Omani women. This retrospective study included all women with RPL seen between June 2006 and March 2012 in the RPL outpatient clinic in Sultan Qaboos University hospital, Muscat, Oman. The data were collected from the Hospital Information System by ...
Jackson Corrie L CL Arizona State University, Tempe, USA - - 2014
Although research examining intimate partner violence (IPV) has expanded in recent years, there has been relatively little examination of the related demographic and psychosocial factors, as well as mental health outcomes, for IPV before and during pregnancy, especially in a Mexican American population. The current study provides a snapshot of ...
D'Souza Vandita V Department of Nutritional Medicine, Interactive Research School for Health Affairs; Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune, - - 2014
Preeclampsia (PE) is a major pregnancy complication of placental origin which leads to adverse pregnancy outcome. Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is suggested to promote trophoblast growth and regulate placental and fetal development. This study for the first time examines the levels of maternal plasma BDNF at various time points ...
Pitiphat Waranuch W Department of Community Dentistry, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand; Chronic Inflammatory and Systemic Diseases Associated with Oral Health Research Group, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, - - 2014
Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is a qualitative developmental enamel defect that affects one to four permanent first molars, with or without involvement of permanent incisors. Its etiology is of systemic origin, but is not well understood. Therefore, we conducted this cross-sectional study to examine pre-, peri-, and postnatal risk factors ...
Kim Yong Jin YJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Guro Hospital, Korea University, Seoul, - - 2014
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a widely used fertility treatment for couples with male and/or non-male factor infertility and is a relatively simple and inexpensive procedure. When used for unexplained infertility, IUI combined with ovarian stimulation increases the pregnancy rates, but evidence does not support this to be true when applied ...
Pratt R R UCL Department of SRH Research, Margaret Pyke Centre , - - 2014
One in five pregnancies in the UK ends in abortion. The great majority of those pregnancies are unintended, resulting from incorrect, inconsistent or non-use of contraception, rather than contraception failure. We undertook a synthesis of qualitative research with women who have unintended pregnancies as a new approach to understanding contraceptive ...
Shetty Shrimati S National Institute of Immunohaematology (ICMR), 13th Floor, KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, 400 012, - - 2014
We read with interest the article by Udry et al [1] on the contribution of paternal thrombophilia to recurrent fetal loss. A few previous articles have also reported the high prevalence of thrombophilia in male parents causing an adverse pregnancy outcome through fetal thrombophilia [2-3]A paternal role in causing pre-eclampsia (PE) ...
Gur Esra Bahar EB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Sifa University Izmir, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common disorder that affects 10-15% of postpartum women, and it can have negative effects on both the mother and newborn. Recent studies have suggested that low levels of vitamin D are associated with poor mood and depression. The aim of this prospective study was to ...
Tapisiz Omer L OL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ministry of Health, Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
To determine factors associated with face presentation of term fetuses delivered. Of 34 480 consecutive, term deliveries of uncomplicated pregnancies within a 3-year period, all live, singleton term fetuses with cephalic presentation in which no lethal anomalies occurred that were diagnosed with a face presentation were studied. Factors that may have ...
Liu Li-Chun LC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Defense Medical Center, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Stillbirth remains an event that has an important impact on global health issues. Different levels of health care between countries suggest that the stillbirth rate may be one of the indicators of the quality of a country's medical system. In this review, major risk factors for stillbirth will be discussed, ...
Golalipour Mohammad Jafar MJ Gorgan Congenital Malformations Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, IR - - 2014
Neural tube defects (NTDs) including spina bifida and anencephaly are the second most common birth defects with 2.8 per 1000 births in northern Iran. This study was conducted to determine the risk factors of neural tube defects in Gorgan, north of Iran. This hospital-based, case-control study was carried out on ...
Lobmaier Silvia Martina SM Fetal i+D Fetal Medicine Research Center, BCNatal - Barcelona Center for Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine (Hospital Clínic and Hospital Sant Joan de Deu), IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Centre for Biomedical Research on Rare Diseases (CIBER-ER), Barcelona, - - 2014
Aim: To establish normal ranges of maternal placental growth factor (PlGF), soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and sFlt-1/PlGF ratio at 32-41 weeks' gestation and to evaluate the influence of maternal characteristics, and of fetoplacental Doppler. Material and Methods: Serum levels of PlGF, sFlt-1 and sFlt-1/PlGF ratio were measured in 300 ...
Huber Chantal C Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bern University Hospital, Bern, - - 2014
Background: Fetal weight estimation (FWE) is an important factor for clinical management decisions, especially in imminent preterm birth at the limit of viability between 23(0/7) and 26(0/7) weeks of gestation. It is crucial to detect and eliminate factors that have a negative impact on the accuracy of FWE. Data Sources: ...
Luco Stephanie M SM McGill University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 687 Pine Ave West, Montreal, QC H3A 1A1, - - 2014
To identify pre or post processing semen analysis parameters that may be predictive of successful pregnancy in couples with male factor infertility undergoing intra uterine insemination (IUI). To evaluate the pregnancy rate based on ovulation inducing agent in couples with male factor infertility per the 2010 world health organization criteria ...
Cheng Ching-Yu CY Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi, - - 2014
Few studies have investigated maternal fatigue, particularly fatigue throughout the duration of pregnancy and the postpartum period. The purpose of this study was to explore changes related to maternal fatigue from pregnancy to postpartum and the factors influencing fatigue. This prospective longitudinal study surveyed 197 pregnant women beyond 24 gestational ...
Rominski Sarah D SD Global REACH, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate factors associated with self-reported pregnancy termination in Ghana and thereby appreciate the correlates of abortion-seeking in order to understand safe abortion care provision. In a retrospective study, data from the Ghana 2008 Demographic and Health Survey were used to investigate factors associated with self-reported pregnancy termination. Variables on ...
Qian Zhi-Da ZD Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of - - 2014
To investigate risk factors for recurrent cesarean scar pregnancies. Case-control study. University hospital. Twenty-one women with recurrent cesarean scar pregnancies and 42 women with single cesarean scar pregnancies. None. Risk factors and historical factors that might be predisposing factors in recurrent cesarean scar pregnancy. The risk factors of recurrent cesarean ...
Stone Ryan A RA Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Huntington, - - 2014
Obesity is a major epidemic and a well-known risk factor for pregnancy-related complications. We assessed the prevalence of inflammatory markers and cytoprotective adiponectin in our obese obstetric population. Peripheral blood from six normal and 17 obese patients was analyzed for inflammatory cytokines and adiponectin. The levels of inflammatory cytokines increased ...
Finnbogadóttir Hafrún - - 2014
Domestic violence during pregnancy is a serious public health issue which threatens maternal and foetal health outcomes. The aim of the study was to explore prevalence of domestic violence among pregnant women in southern Sweden (Scania) and to explore associations with background factors, as symptoms of depression and sense of ...
Martin-Martin Sergio S Servicio de Urologia.Servicio de Ginecologia y Obstetricia y Servicio de Estadistica. Hospital Clinico de - - 2014
To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) before pregnancy, in the third trimester and postpartum. To analyze its influence on quality of life and associated potential risk factors and the efficacy of pelvic floor exercises. Prospective study in 413 pregnant women. The modified ICIQ-SF incontinence questionnaire was given to ...
Ren Yanfang Y Yanfang Ren, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University, Weihui 453100, - - 2014
Objective: This study was conducted was to detect vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels in peripheral blood of patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) syndrome and to investigate VEGF correlation with PIH occurrence. Methods: Double-antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction were used to detect VEGF levels in ...
Udry S - - 2014
In up to 50% of couples affected by recurrent pregnancy loss, no identifiable cause is established. Fetal and maternal factors may be equally important in the establishment and maintenance of the placental/maternal arteriovenous anastomoses. Therefore,the inheritance of thrombophilia-related genes may be an important factor in the pathophysiology of recurrent pregnancy ...
Oliver Abigail - - 2014
Miscarriage is defined as a pregnancy failure occurring before the completion of 24 weeks of gestation. Around 10 to 15% of all pregnancies end in early spontaneous first trimester miscarriage. Advancing maternal and paternal age are known to be associated with increasing chance of miscarriage. Other risk factors include being ...
Ruwanpathirana T T Family Health Bureau, Ministry of Health, Colombo, Sri Lanka, - - 2014
To identify the risk factors for small for gestational age (SGA) babies. The present study was a nested case control study which was carried out by two Medical Officers of Health areas (The field level administrative unit responsible for provision of preventive and promotive health services) in Colombo district. SGA ...
Zhang Xiaoli X Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, 169 Dong׳hu Road, Wuhan 430071, - - 2014
Mounting evidence has showed that both nature and nurture exert significant influences on the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric diseases or psychopathologies. Postpartum depression (PPD) is a mental disorder that is by far under diagnosed and under treated, which can have a negative impact on both the maternal and the neonatal health. ...
Fellenzer Jena L JL Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 760 Irving Avenue, 2263 Weiskotten Hall, Syracuse, NY, 13210, - - 2014
Prenatal depression (PD) as a risk factor for adverse birth outcomes is well documented. Less is known about maternal risks for PD, which could inform preventive strategies for perinatal and interconceptional care. This exploratory study investigates associations between prenatal depression symptoms and unintended and mistimed pregnancies and other maternal risk ...
Buhling Kai J KJ aDepartment of Gynecological Endocrinology bClinic for Gynecology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, - - 2014
To describe the beneficial effects of micronutrient supplementation on male fertility. Several micronutrients have beneficial effects on sperm quality, as well on male fertility (e.g. pregnancy rate). A deliberate use of micronutrients might be helpful for infertile patients. Healthcare providers should be aware that supplements contain the studied dose. Male ...
Baba Yosuke Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, - - 2014
In placenta previa (PP), anterior placentation, compared with posterior placentation, is reported to more frequently cause massive hemorrhage during cesarean section (CS). Whether this is due to the high incidence of placenta accreta, previous CS, or a transplacental approach in anterior placenta is unclear. We attempted to clarify this issue. ...
Sangsawang Bussara B Department of Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address: - - 2014
The most common type of urinary incontinence (UI) in pregnant women is stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The number of pregnant women with SUI was variable, the prevalence ranged from 18.6% to 75% and increased with gestational age. It can affect the quality of life (QoL) of approximately 54.3% of all ...
Weobong Benedict B Kintampo Health Research Centre, Ghana Health Service, P.O. Box 200, Kintampo, Brong-Ahafo Region, Ghana; Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
While depression during pregnancy is one of the strongest risk factors for postnatal depression, it has been comparatively little studied, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Cohort study nested within 4-weekly surveillance of all women of reproductive age to identify pregnancies and collect data on births and deaths in the Kintampo Health ...
Duhig Kate E KE Women's Health Academic Centre, King's College London, London SE1 7EH, - - 2014
Pre-eclampsia complicates around 5% of pregnancies and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are responsible for over 60,000 maternal deaths worldwide annually. Identifying women with pre-eclampsia is a major goal of antenatal care in order to target increased surveillance, allow stabilizing therapies to be implemented and to enable timely delivery. Current risk ...
Jin Jin J Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, NanFang Hospital, Southern Medical University, No.1838, North Guangzhou Avenue, Guangzhou 510515, P.R. - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To identify the risk factors of acute pancreatitis (AP) associated with different etiologies, in pregnancy (APP). Methods: Forty-seven eligible patients were divided into 2 groups: biliary acute pancreatitis in pregnancy (BAPP, n = 31) and hypertriglyceridemic-induced pancreatitis in pregnancy (HAPP, n = 16). Multivariate analysis was utilized in ...
Sahay Akriti S AS Department of Nutritional Medicine, Interactive Research School for Health Affairs, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Pune, - - 2014
Our earlier studies of preeclampsia (PE) at delivery have demonstrated the alteration of one carbon cycle, reduced placental omega 3 fatty acids, altered circulating levels of angiogenic factors and differential placental gene-specific methylation patterns of angiogenic factors. This study was undertaken to examine changes in the levels of angiogenic factors ...
Crovetto Francesca F BCNatal - Barcelona Center for Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine (Hospital Clínic and Hospital Sant Joan de Deu), IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, and Centre for Biomedical Research on Rare Diseases (CIBER-ER), Barcelona, - - 2014
Objective: To explore the predictive role of angiogenic factors for the prediction of early and late preeclampsia (PE) in the first trimester. Methods: A nested case-control study, within a cohort of 5,759 pregnancies, including 28 cases of early, 84 of late PE (cut-off 34 weeks) and 84 controls. Maternal characteristics, ...
Triunfo S S BCNatal - Barcelona Center for Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine (Hospital Clínic and Hospital Sant Joan de Deu), IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, and Centre for Biomedical Research on Rare Diseases (CIBER-ER), Barcelona, Spain; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, - - 2014
This study was designed to explore the association between angiogenic factors levels at diagnosis of small-for-gestational age (SGA) and placental underperfusion (PUP). In a cohort of SGA singleton pregnancies, each delivered at >34 weeks, uterine (UtA), umbilical (UA), and middle cerebral (MCA) arteries were evaluated by Doppler upon diagnosis of ...
Ghasemi Tehrani Hatav H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Background: Ovarian pregnancy is a rare form of the non-tubal ectopic pregnancy. It ends with rupture before the end of the first trimester. One of the important risk factors for ovarian pregnancy is in the use of Intra uterine devices (IUD). Case: We report here one such uncommon case of ...
Robinson Monique M Telethon Kids Institute, The University of Western Australia, PO Box 855, West Perth, Perth, WA, 6872, Australia, - - 2014
Pregnancy is a time of vulnerability for vitamin D insufficiency, and there is an emerging literature associating low levels of 25(OH)-vitamin D with depressive symptoms. However, the link between 25(OH)-vitamin D status in pregnancy and altered risk of postnatal depressive symptoms has not been examined. We hypothesise that low levels ...
Bushway Meghan E - - 2014
The human placenta performs multiple essential functions required for successful pregnancy. Alterations in the placental vasculature have been implicated in severe complications of pregnancy. Despite the importance of placental vascular function during pregnancy, there are gaps in our knowledge regarding the molecular pathways that control vessel development. Furthermore, there are ...
Ebner Florian F *Abteilung für Frauenheilkunde, Universitätsklinik Ulm, Ulm, Germany; and †Department of Women's Health, Dunedin Hospital, Otago University, Otago, New - - 2014
There is little medical knowledge about the risks of skydiving during pregnancy. Some national parachuting associations ask for a doctor's permission; others recommend not jumping at all during pregnancy. This article provides survey data and a literature review of pregnancy and parachuting/skydiving related issues to help the pregnant skydiver and ...
Chang Shiow-Ru SR School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Hospital, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2014
To examine changes in health-related quality of life throughout the course of pregnancy and among three pairs of consecutive periods (pre-pregnancy to early pregnancy, early to middle pregnancy and middle to late pregnancy), as well as to identify associated obstetric factors during the entire period of pregnancy. Only sparse data ...
Hanachi Parichehr P Department of Biology, Biochemistry Unite, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, - - 2014
To determine the status of serum zinc in pregnant women in different gestational ages and correlation with socio-demographic and anthropometric factors in Iranian women referring to prenatal care public health clinics. We analyzed the zinc concentrations in plasma samples obtained at different gestational ages from 961 women and recorded BMI ...
Akcal X0131 Aslan Puren P Department of Psychiatry, Erzurum Bolge Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, - - 2014
Depression is the most frequently seen mental disease in the pregnancy period. The first trimester of pregnancy is important in terms of its effects on both the fetus and on the mother. This study has researched the prevalence of depression in women in the first trimester of their pregnancies in ...
Feodor Nilsson S S Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To identify modifiable risk factors for miscarriage and to estimate the preventable proportion of miscarriages that could be attributed to these. Nationwide observational follow-up study. Denmark. Ninety-one thousand four hundred and twenty seven pregnancies included in the Danish National Birth Cohort between 1996 and 2002. Information on potentially modifiable risk ...
Molloy Anne M AM The Institute of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, - - 2014
Folic acid supplements can protect against neural tube defects (NTDs). Low folate and low vitamin B12 status may be maternal risk factors for having an NTD affected pregnancy. However, not all NTDs are preventable by having an adequate folate/ B12 status and other potentially modifiable factors may be involved. Folate ...
Yilmaz Z Z 1Dr. Sami Ulus Women's Health Teaching and Research Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Ankara, - - 2014
Preeclampsia is a life-threatening disorder of pregnancy. The pathogenic mechanisms of preeclampsia remain uncertain. The aim of this study is to investigate the relation between urinary angiotensinogen (UAGT) levels, an indicator of local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activity in the kidney, and blood pressure and urinary protein excretion in preeclampsia. For ...
Dinelli Laka L Department of Gynecology-Obstetric and Reproduction, Gynepôle, AP-HM La Conception, Marseille, - - 2014
To identify the prognostic factors for pregnancy after intrauterine insemination with the husband's sperm (IUI-H). Retrospective study. A single university medical center. 851 couples, for 2,019 IUI-H cycles. After controlled ovarian stimulation, IUI-H performed 36 hours after ovulation triggering or 24 hours after a spontaneous luteinizing hormone (LH) surge. Clinical pregnancy rate ...
Lee Elliott Kyung EK Sleep Disorders Clinic, Royal Ottawa Mental Health Center (ROMHC), Ottawa, ON, Canada; University of Ottawa Institute for Mental Health Research (Same Building as ROMHC), 1145 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, ON K1Z7K4, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common disorder that has numerous medical consequences including cardiovascular morbidity. The clinical presentation in women is frequently vague, leading to its under-recognition in this population. Sleep is known to influence several female hormonal cycles including estrogen, progesterone, prolactin, luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle stimulating hormone ...
Mutsaerts M A Q MA Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Do paternal and maternal lifestyle factors influence the risk of hypertensive pregnancy complications, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), spontaneous preterm birth and small-for-gestational-age (SGA)? Paternal lifestyle factors do not exert an independent effect on the investigated outcomes while maternal prepregnancy BMI and maternal smoking during pregnancy influence the risk of hypertensive ...
Beijers Chantal C University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Interdisciplinary Center of Psychopathology and Emotion Regulation, Hanzeplein 1, 9713 GZ Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pregnancy is a unique period to quit smoking and alcohol consumption and although motivated, not all women succeed at this. We investigated the associations of personality with continued smoking and continued alcohol consumption during early pregnancy. In addition, we studied whether antenatal anxiety and depressive symptoms can explain these associations. ...
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