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Lohsiriwat Supatra - - 2008
AIM: To assess creatinine clearance that indicates glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and to demonstrate the effect of posture on creatinine clearance in late pregnancy compared to the non-pregnant state. METHODS: Twenty-six healthy pregnant women aged 19-30 years were studied for two sessions, first in their third trimester of pregnancy and ...
Sontas B H - - 2008
A young pregnant rottweiler bitch was presented with a large mass of tissue protruding through the vulvar lips. Foetal death was diagnosed on ultrasonography, and ovariohysterectomy was performed, at which time the bladder was observed to be dislocated caudally into the pelvic cavity under the vagina. The bladder was manually ...
Srirangam Shalom J - - 2008
Nephrolithiasis during pregnancy can represent a clinical dilemma because of potential risks to both mother and fetus. While the incidence of symptomatic nephrolithiasis during pregnancy varies between 1 in 244 to 1 in 2000 pregnancies, the actual incidence is likely to be higher. A significant proportion of patients with asymptomatic ...
Shippey Stuart H - - 2008
We sought to compare the complications and efficacy of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and Pelvilace. Chart reviews and telephone questionnaires documented complications, urinary symptoms [Urogenital Distress Inventory short form (UDI-6) and Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGII)], and re-operations. Failure was defined as PGII > or = 4 (no change ...
Adibi Jennifer J - - 2008
Although urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites are frequently used as biomarkers in epidemiologic studies, variability during pregnancy has not been characterized. We measured phthalate metabolite concentrations in spot urine samples collected from 246 pregnant Dominican and African-American women. Twenty-eight women had repeat urine samples collected over a 6-week period. We ...
Shea Katherine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report successful treatment using daptomycin for pyelonephritis associated with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) in a 27-week pregnant woman. CASE SUMMARY: A 20-year-old 27-week pregnant patient with a history of spina bifida, neurogenic bladder, and multiple hospitalizations for recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) was diagnosed with pyelonephritis. She was ...
Henry Gerard D - - 2008
PURPOSE: Traditionally cuff placement of an artificial urinary sphincter is done through a perineal approach. A new approach through a penoscrotal incision or transscrotal approach is reportedly more rapid and easier than the traditional incision. These 2 approaches were evaluated to determine which one controlled male stress urinary incontinence better. ...
Cheriachan Deepak - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic urinary calculi are rare in pregnancy with an incidence of one per 1500 pregnant women. Calculi may cause ureteric obstruction that can be further complicated by sepsis. This may have a significant morbidity for mother and fetus. OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on the current investigations and management ...
Masuda Takahiro - - 2008
Tubulointerstitial involvement in the kidneys is frequently found but it is a less emphasized feature of lupus nephritis (LN). Recent studies have shown increases in the urinary excretion of beta2-microglobulin (beta 2MG) and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), which are considered to indicate the presence of tubulointerstitial damage, particularly in cases of LN. ...
Nading Mary Alice - - 2008
Estrogen levels increase during pregnancy and clinical evidence has long suggested that melanocytes are estrogen-responsive. We hypothesized that nevi from pregnant patients would exhibit increased expression of estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) and thus enhanced potential to respond to altered estrogen levels. Normal, dysplastic and congenital nevi (n = 212) were ...
Wijma Jacobus - - 2008
The clinical impact of incontinence in pregnancy and after childbirth is growing because some studies report the efficacy of physiotherapy in pregnancy and because obstetric choices are supposed to have significant impact on post-reproductive urinary function (Goldberg et al. in Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:1447-1450, 2003). Thus, the need for ...
Jönsson Lena S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of symptoms and the possible derangement of levels of immunologic markers for contemporary Swedish rubber workers. Furthermore, the relation between exposure and these biomarkers of response was examined using urinary levels of 2-thiothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (TTCA), which reflect the exposure. ...
Rizk D E E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the value of random urinary protein-creatinine (PrCr) and calcium-creatinine (CaCr) ratios to predict 24-h proteinuria in hypertensive pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Spot urine samples were collected before routine 24-h urine collections from consecutive pregnant women with hypertension (n=83). Reliability of spot urinary PrCr and CaCr to detect significant proteinuria ...
Hautmann Richard E - - 2007
In most children or premenopausal women who need urinary diversion, the underlying disease is benign. After the problems associated with urinary incontinence have been resolved, and patients have reached puberty, sexuality and fertility become more significant. In women with urinary diversion, numerous influencing factors exist, including, but not limited to, ...
FitzGerald Mary P - - 2007
Pregnant women usually acknowledge and more or less accept symptoms of urinary frequency, nocturia, and leakage as annoying aspects of pregnancy that are expected to resolve when the pregnancy is over. Studies have shown that urinary symptoms may be more than just "annoying" - the symptoms can markedly reduce quality ...
Teeyakasem Wimonrat - - 2007
This study evaluated the utility of single and combined measurements of cadmium toxicity markers for surveillance purposes, using a sample of 224 individuals, 30-87 years of age, who were residents of cadmium polluted area in Mae Sot District, Tak Province, Thailand. Urinary cadmium levels excreted by them ranged between 1 ...
Dehennin L - - 2007
Rules of horse racing stipulate that pregnant mares may compete under definite conditions of date, because early pregnant status may be misused for the sake of enhancing physical performance by putative anabolic steroid action. Screening for pregnancy is generally performed by plasma equine gonadotrophin (eCG) immunoassay, which covers the period ...
Jaskille Amin D - - 2007
Our previous studies confirmed the phenomenon of burn depth progression despite adequate Parkland formula resuscitation [Kim et al. J Burn Care Rehabil 2001;22960:406-6]. Repetitive ischemia-reperfusion injury (I-R) is a plausible explanation and is suggested by the concomitant swings we have observed in serum base deficit (BD) during resuscitation from burn ...
Bø K - - 2007
The aim of the present investigation was to study prevalence of low back pain, pelvic girdle pain (PGP) and pelvic floor disorders during pregnancy and after childbirth in elite athletes. A postal questionnaire was sent to all elite athletes who had given birth registered with The Norwegian Olympic Committee and ...
Vergne Sébastien - - 2007
Soy isoflavones (IF) are of particular interest for their possible estrogenic effects on the symptoms of menopause. The bioavailability of IF is clearly a factor influencing their biological activity. The first aim of this study was to elucidate the impact of the matrix process and especially the formulation of soy-based ...
Jonckheere A - - 2006
L-2-Hydroxyglutaric aciduria (L-2-HGA) is a rare progressive neurometabolic disease, defined as a characteristic clinical and radiological entity, mainly including mental retardation, cerebellar dysfunction and involvement of the subcortical white matter, cerebellum and basal ganglia on brain MRI. The biochemical hallmark is an increased urinary excretion of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid. Management is ...
Micuda S - - 2007
The 24-hour urinary excretion of 6-beta-hydroxycortisol (6beta-OHC) and the urinary ratio of 6beta- hydroxycortisol/cortisol (6beta-OHC/UFC) have been proposed as noninvasive probes for human cytochrome P450 3A4 isoform (CYP3A4). In this study, we evaluated within- and between-day variability of 6beta-OHC excretion and 6beta-OHC/UFC ratio in nine Caucasian men with cardiac disease. ...
Durrant Barbara S - - 2006
Routine analysis of urinary metabolites of estrogen and progesterone provided substantial information about the estrous cycle of bears. However, these data alone were not adequate to determine the precise timing of ovulation needed to maximize AI success rates, or to distinguish between pregnancy and pseudopregnancy. Therefore, there is a critical ...
Turncliff Ryan Z - - 2006
The hepatobiliary disposition of xenobiotics may involve passive and/or active uptake, metabolism by cytochromes P450, and excretion of the parent compound and/or metabolite(s) into bile. Although in vitro systems have been used to evaluate these individual processes discretely, mechanistic in vitro studies of the sequential processes of uptake, metabolism, and ...
Farrugia M-K - - 2006
PURPOSE: In fetal sheep, combined urethral and urachal obstruction initiated at 75 days' gestation and maintained for 30 days led to dysmorphic bladders, similar to those found in humans with prune belly syndrome, and uniformly disrupted kidney development. We aimed to create a less severe model of fetal bladder outlet ...
Resim Sefa - - 2006
We aimed to objectively determine changes in the various urinary parameters along with CaOx saturation level during pregnancy. The study included 15 pregnant women who had no known diseases and were taking no medication except prenatal supplements. Mean age of the patients was 26 years (range 20-30). In all of ...
Jacob Molly - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To study the pattern of excretion of enzymes in urine during normal pregnancy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Primigravidae, with uncomplicated pregnancies, were followed up throughout gestation. Urine samples were collected from them and activities of alanine aminopeptidase (AAP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), acid phosphatase (ACP) and N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase (NAG) activities in urine ...
Decramer Stephane - - 2006
We analyzed urinary polypeptides from individuals with neonatal ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction to predict which individuals with this condition will evolve toward obstruction that needs surgical correction. We identified polypeptides that enabled diagnosis of the severity of obstruction and validated these biomarkers in urine collected in a prospective blinded study. ...
Strahle Avon - - 2006
Comments of women engaged in a longitudinal study of urinary leaking from first trimester to 12 months following birth provide the data for this paper. Useful insights into the factors contributing to the maintenance of silence and ways to break the barriers to discussion of urinary incontinence before, during and ...
Van Brummen Henriette Jorien - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of overactive bladder symptoms (OAB) on women's quality of life (QoL) during and after the first pregnancy, using self-reported symptom-based QoL questionnaires. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 474 women were asked to complete four self-reported questionnaires. Urogenital symptoms were assessed with the ...
Nour Nawal M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Female genital cutting is a cultural practice seen in parts of Africa and Asia. Women who have undergone type III female genital cutting (excising the external genitalia and suturing the remnant tissue to cover the urethra and part of the introitus) can suffer various long-term complications. Defibulation, a procedure ...
D'Alfonso A - - 2006
The changes that take place in the pelvic region during birth can give rise to alterations in the genitourinary system which are at the basis of pathologies such as stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The occurrence of this condition has been correlated to a variety of factors including neonatal birth weight ...
Nisell Henry - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An accurate method to assess albuminuria in pregnancy is mandatory to diagnose pre-eclampsia. Twenty-four-hour urine collection is still the only universally accepted method. This is, however, a cumbersome and inconvenient method. Therefore, the present study aimed at assessing the accuracy of a spot urine albumin/creatinine ratio in pregnant women ...
Micheletto C - - 2006
Cysteinil Leukotrienes (LTs) are products of the arachidonic acid cascade which are synthetised by 5-lipoxigenase in inflammatory cells, particularly in eosinophils. Urinary leukotriene E4 concentration (LTE4), that reflects the whole body production of cysteinil-leukotrienes, is particularly increased in patients with aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA). Aim of the present study was to ...
Bradman Asa - - 2005
Little information has been published about pesticide exposures experienced by pregnant women. We measured six dialkyl phosphate (DAP) urinary metabolites of organophosphate (OP) pesticides in 600 pregnant, low-income women living in the Salinas Valley, California, an agricultural area. A total of 28% were employed as farm fieldworkers during pregnancy, and ...
Ciragil Pinar - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of urinary tract infection (UTI) on antioxidant systems and lipid peroxidation (LPO) levels during pregnancy. We also investigated if these antioxidant systems and LPO levels differed in each trimester. One hundred forty-three nonpregnant women, as a control group, and 77 ...
Durufle Aurélie - - 2006
Our objective was to study the impact of pregnancy and delivery on vesicourethral disorders in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). We performed a retrospective chart review of records of women diagnosed with MS who were referred to the clinic. A total of 102 women with MS (mean age of 44.7 ...
Chittacharoen Apichart - - 2005
Urogynaecology is dedicated to the treatment of women with pelvic floor dysfunction such as urinary orfecal incontinence and prolapse (bulging or falling) of the vagina, bladder and/or the uterus. Pelvic organ prolapse simply means displacement from the normal position. On average, 11% of women will undergo surgery for this condition. ...
Mittal Pooja - - 2005
Urinary tract infections occur commonly in pregnancy. Bacterial colonization may occur in the lower and upper urinary tract, and is facilitated by the normal physiologic changes of pregnancy. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, cystitis, and pyelonephritis each pose a serious threat to the mother and fetus. Optimal treatment regimens and preventative strategies continue ...
Smith Phillip P - - 2005
Vaginal prolapse and urinary incontinence frequently coexist. Rather than having a cause-and-effect relationship, these two common problems share etiologic factors. Specific tissue and functional deficiencies resulting in prolapse also are significant contributors to lower urinary tract symptoms, particularly stress urinary incontinence. This article reviews this relationship, the etiologic factors, and ...
Albertazzi P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) include a relatively large number of compounds, each with different profiles of estrogenic/antiestrogenic actions on the genital tract. The aim of this review was to systematically evaluate all the available data from randomized, controlled studies on the effects of these compounds on pelvic organ ...
Nutman Amir - - 2005
To assess whether elevated levels of estriol (E3) in pregnancy are a factor in the fetal environment associated with undescended testes, we carried out a two-part study: case-control followed by a retrospective cohort study on cryptorchid boys born in the Sapir Medical Center (Kfar Saba, Israel). We found significantly lower ...
Roes E M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are present in large amounts in the human kidney, where they demonstrate a specific distribution. The assessment of urinary excretion of GST alpha (proximal tubules) and pi (distal and collecting tubules) could be helpful in determining if, and to what degree renal tubular damage is present ...
Sun Mou-Jong - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Women often complain of symptoms related to urination during their pregnancy, but data are limited on the clinical profile and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) of pregnant women in Taiwan. This study assessed the prevalence and predisposing factors of LUTS in Taiwanese women during pregnancy. METHODS: A ...
Sherer David M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Micturition syncope is a relatively uncommon cause of sudden and temporary loss of consciousness. Most prevalent in older males, this condition is extremely rare in women. CASES: Two pregnant women presented with recurrent syncope. The syncopal events were more common in the early morning and were precipitated by the ...
Borque C - - 2005
Fecal 17beta-estradiol and progestogens excretion was monitored in adult, female cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus; n = 2), ZGG-12301 (born 3 April 1993), gonadotrophin treated and ZGT-3301, (born 19 August 1993), nontreated, for 120 days using commercially available plate enzyme immunoassay kits prepared for human serum or plasma. There were significant differences ...
Levine Richard J - - 2005
CONTEXT: Preeclampsia may be caused by an imbalance of angiogenic factors. We previously demonstrated that high serum levels of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1), an antiangiogenic protein, and low levels of placental growth factor (PlGF), a proangiogenic protein, predict subsequent development of preeclampsia. In the absence of glomerular disease ...
Arinola O G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: S. haematobium have been implicated in female genital schistosomiasis (FGS), ectopic pregnancy and infertility. The presence of schistosome eggs in urine has been reported to correlate with FGS but host immune response in FGS is yet to be determined. This gap in knowledge is addressed by this study. MATERIALS ...
Gangaram R R Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and MRC/UN Pregnancy Hypertension Research Unit, Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South - - 2005
Proteinuria is used as a criterion in the classification system for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy including preeclampsia. The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of dipstick urinalysis in a single voided urine sample and in an aliquot of a 24-hour urine collection in the assessment of proteinuria ...
Dietz Hans Peter - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is generally accepted that parity is a strong predictor of pelvic organ prolapse and incontinence. However, controversy persists as to whether this effect is due to pregnancy itself or parturition. AIMS: To define the contribution of early and late pregnancy to bladder mobility. METHODS: Case control series, using ...
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