Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 957
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Charalambous Stavros - - 2009
Urolithiasis is the most common cause of urological-related abdominal pain in pregnant women after urinary tract infection. The disease is not uncommon during pregnancy occurring in 1/200 to 1/2,000 women, which is not different from the incidence reported in the nonpregnant female population of reproductive age. During pregnancy, the frequency ...
Matabosch Xavier X Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Oakland, CA 94609, - - 2009
This study has shown that the mouse has a great increase in steroid production during pregnancy in similar fashion to the human. Many steroids were provisionally identified in maternal urine of the wild-type mouse. The major progesterone metabolites appear to be hydroxylated pregnanolones, particularly with hydroxyl groups in the 16alpha ...
Kacinko Sherri L - - 2009
Buprenorphine (BUP) is under investigation as a medication therapy for opioid-dependent pregnant women. We investigated BUP and metabolite disposition in urine from women maintained on BUP during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy and postpartum. We measured BUP, norbuprenorphine (NBUP), buprenorphine glucuronide (BUP-Gluc), and NBUP-Gluc concentrations in 515 urine ...
Hidaka Nobuhiro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fetal urinary ascites is a condition that is rarely encountered. A review of previous reports suggests that the clinical course of the affected fetuses is highly variable. METHODS: In this report, we describe a case in which urinary ascites was observed after vesicocentesis in a fetus with megacystis caused ...
Lhotta K - - 2009
Familial juvenile hyperuricemic nephropathy (FJHN) is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations in the uromodulin gene (UMOD) and leading to gout, tubulointerstitial nephropathy and end-stage renal disease. A Latvian family suffering from FJHN is described. The father of the family developed ESRD at age 36. His daughter was ...
Matsui Futoshi - - 2008
We report herein a case of resolution of severe megacystis, possibly caused by spontaneous rupture of posterior urethral valves during follow-up on a prenatal ultrasound. A 32-year-old woman presented at gestational week 15 for evaluation of fetal bladder enlargement. Prenatal ultrasonography revealed megacystis and posterior urethral dilatation. The longitudinal diameter ...
Sharma J B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To find out the prevalence of various urological symptoms in pregnant women, the status before pregnancy, and their perceived impact. METHODS: A questionnaire incorporating various urological problems was prepared and used over 240 pregnant women to know their prevalence in different trimesters of pregnancy and compare them with prevalence ...
Shi Lijun - - 2009
Fetal swallowing and renal metabolism contribute importantly to amniotic and body fluid homeostasis. To determine central cholinergic modulation of swallowing activity and renal excretion associated with neural activity, we examined the effects of intracerebroventricular injection of carbachol, a cholinergic agonist, in ovine fetuses at 0.9 gestation. Fetuses were chronically prepared ...
Barseghyan Karine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine whether fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides additional information that might affect the obstetric management of pregnancies complicated by sonographically diagnosed fetal urinary tract anomalies. METHODS: Fetal MRI and sonography were used to study 39 women with suspected fetal urinary tract ...
Sulak O - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the development, location, and size of the urinary bladder during the fetal period. The study was performed on 149 human fetuses between 9 and 40 weeks of gestation. The location of the urinary bladder with respect to transverse plane between the highest ...
Mas Emilie - - 2008
Isoprostanes are a family of prostaglandin isomers produced from oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids through a non-enzymatic free radical-catalyzed mechanism. Quantification of F(2)-isoprostanes (F(2)-IsoPs) provides a good index of oxidative stress and allows non-invasive assessment of lipid peroxidation in vivo. Since "interferences peaks" at m/z 573 co-elute with d(4)-15-F(2t)-IsoP preferentially ...
Wang Audrey - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Stress urinary incontinence is a common and costly condition amongst community dwelling women. It can have a significant negative impact on the quality of life and yet less than half of women with urinary incontinence seek medical attention. It is important for primary care physicians to have a clear ...
Viktrup Lars - - 2008
PURPOSE: We estimated the incidence and remission of lower urinary tract symptoms during the 12 years following the first pregnancy and delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cohort study 242 primiparae were questioned about lower urinary tract symptoms 3 months, 5 years and 12 years after the first delivery. RESULTS: ...
Pauls Rachel N - - 2008
Impact of pregnancy on pelvic symptom-related quality of life and body image has not been previously documented. We hypothesize that pregnancy will have a negative impact on pelvic symptoms and body image. Pregnant subjects completed questionnaires in the first (S1) and third trimester (S2) and 6 months postpartum (S3) including: ...
Harris Laurie A - - 2008
Relaxin, a 6-kDa polypeptide hormone, is excreted in the urine during pregnancy in several mammalian species. A recent study showed that detection of urinary relaxin using a bench-top serum assay (Witness relaxin kit, Synbiotics Corp., San Diego, California 92127, USA) can be diagnostic for pregnancy in domestic cats (Felis silvestris ...
Lohsiriwat Supatra - - 2008
AIM: To assess creatinine clearance that indicates glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and to demonstrate the effect of posture on creatinine clearance in late pregnancy compared to the non-pregnant state. METHODS: Twenty-six healthy pregnant women aged 19-30 years were studied for two sessions, first in their third trimester of pregnancy and ...
Sontas B H - - 2008
A young pregnant rottweiler bitch was presented with a large mass of tissue protruding through the vulvar lips. Foetal death was diagnosed on ultrasonography, and ovariohysterectomy was performed, at which time the bladder was observed to be dislocated caudally into the pelvic cavity under the vagina. The bladder was manually ...
Srirangam Shalom J - - 2008
Nephrolithiasis during pregnancy can represent a clinical dilemma because of potential risks to both mother and fetus. While the incidence of symptomatic nephrolithiasis during pregnancy varies between 1 in 244 to 1 in 2000 pregnancies, the actual incidence is likely to be higher. A significant proportion of patients with asymptomatic ...
Shippey Stuart H - - 2008
We sought to compare the complications and efficacy of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and Pelvilace. Chart reviews and telephone questionnaires documented complications, urinary symptoms [Urogenital Distress Inventory short form (UDI-6) and Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGII)], and re-operations. Failure was defined as PGII > or = 4 (no change ...
Adibi Jennifer J - - 2008
Although urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites are frequently used as biomarkers in epidemiologic studies, variability during pregnancy has not been characterized. We measured phthalate metabolite concentrations in spot urine samples collected from 246 pregnant Dominican and African-American women. Twenty-eight women had repeat urine samples collected over a 6-week period. We ...
Shea Katherine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report successful treatment using daptomycin for pyelonephritis associated with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) in a 27-week pregnant woman. CASE SUMMARY: A 20-year-old 27-week pregnant patient with a history of spina bifida, neurogenic bladder, and multiple hospitalizations for recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) was diagnosed with pyelonephritis. She was ...
Henry Gerard D - - 2008
PURPOSE: Traditionally cuff placement of an artificial urinary sphincter is done through a perineal approach. A new approach through a penoscrotal incision or transscrotal approach is reportedly more rapid and easier than the traditional incision. These 2 approaches were evaluated to determine which one controlled male stress urinary incontinence better. ...
Cheriachan Deepak - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic urinary calculi are rare in pregnancy with an incidence of one per 1500 pregnant women. Calculi may cause ureteric obstruction that can be further complicated by sepsis. This may have a significant morbidity for mother and fetus. OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on the current investigations and management ...
Masuda Takahiro - - 2008
Tubulointerstitial involvement in the kidneys is frequently found but it is a less emphasized feature of lupus nephritis (LN). Recent studies have shown increases in the urinary excretion of beta2-microglobulin (beta 2MG) and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG), which are considered to indicate the presence of tubulointerstitial damage, particularly in cases of LN. ...
Nading Mary Alice - - 2008
Estrogen levels increase during pregnancy and clinical evidence has long suggested that melanocytes are estrogen-responsive. We hypothesized that nevi from pregnant patients would exhibit increased expression of estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) and thus enhanced potential to respond to altered estrogen levels. Normal, dysplastic and congenital nevi (n = 212) were ...
Morhason-Bello Io - - 2007
A case of two-consecutive viable pregnancies in separate horns of bicornuate unicollis uterus of a Nigerian is presented. The problem of misdiagnosis associated with the anomaly is noted. This case further demonstrates that women with such anomaly may not have unhindered reproductive carrier and antenatal care will improve their chance.
Wijma Jacobus - - 2008
The clinical impact of incontinence in pregnancy and after childbirth is growing because some studies report the efficacy of physiotherapy in pregnancy and because obstetric choices are supposed to have significant impact on post-reproductive urinary function (Goldberg et al. in Am J Obstet Gynecol 188:1447-1450, 2003). Thus, the need for ...
Jönsson Lena S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of symptoms and the possible derangement of levels of immunologic markers for contemporary Swedish rubber workers. Furthermore, the relation between exposure and these biomarkers of response was examined using urinary levels of 2-thiothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (TTCA), which reflect the exposure. ...
Rizk D E E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the value of random urinary protein-creatinine (PrCr) and calcium-creatinine (CaCr) ratios to predict 24-h proteinuria in hypertensive pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Spot urine samples were collected before routine 24-h urine collections from consecutive pregnant women with hypertension (n=83). Reliability of spot urinary PrCr and CaCr to detect significant proteinuria ...
Hautmann Richard E - - 2007
In most children or premenopausal women who need urinary diversion, the underlying disease is benign. After the problems associated with urinary incontinence have been resolved, and patients have reached puberty, sexuality and fertility become more significant. In women with urinary diversion, numerous influencing factors exist, including, but not limited to, ...
FitzGerald Mary P - - 2007
Pregnant women usually acknowledge and more or less accept symptoms of urinary frequency, nocturia, and leakage as annoying aspects of pregnancy that are expected to resolve when the pregnancy is over. Studies have shown that urinary symptoms may be more than just "annoying" - the symptoms can markedly reduce quality ...
Teeyakasem Wimonrat - - 2007
This study evaluated the utility of single and combined measurements of cadmium toxicity markers for surveillance purposes, using a sample of 224 individuals, 30-87 years of age, who were residents of cadmium polluted area in Mae Sot District, Tak Province, Thailand. Urinary cadmium levels excreted by them ranged between 1 ...
Dehennin L - - 2007
Rules of horse racing stipulate that pregnant mares may compete under definite conditions of date, because early pregnant status may be misused for the sake of enhancing physical performance by putative anabolic steroid action. Screening for pregnancy is generally performed by plasma equine gonadotrophin (eCG) immunoassay, which covers the period ...
Jaskille Amin D - - 2007
Our previous studies confirmed the phenomenon of burn depth progression despite adequate Parkland formula resuscitation [Kim et al. J Burn Care Rehabil 2001;22960:406-6]. Repetitive ischemia-reperfusion injury (I-R) is a plausible explanation and is suggested by the concomitant swings we have observed in serum base deficit (BD) during resuscitation from burn ...
Bø K - - 2007
The aim of the present investigation was to study prevalence of low back pain, pelvic girdle pain (PGP) and pelvic floor disorders during pregnancy and after childbirth in elite athletes. A postal questionnaire was sent to all elite athletes who had given birth registered with The Norwegian Olympic Committee and ...
Vergne Sébastien - - 2007
Soy isoflavones (IF) are of particular interest for their possible estrogenic effects on the symptoms of menopause. The bioavailability of IF is clearly a factor influencing their biological activity. The first aim of this study was to elucidate the impact of the matrix process and especially the formulation of soy-based ...
Jonckheere A - - 2006
L-2-Hydroxyglutaric aciduria (L-2-HGA) is a rare progressive neurometabolic disease, defined as a characteristic clinical and radiological entity, mainly including mental retardation, cerebellar dysfunction and involvement of the subcortical white matter, cerebellum and basal ganglia on brain MRI. The biochemical hallmark is an increased urinary excretion of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid. Management is ...
Micuda S - - 2007
The 24-hour urinary excretion of 6-beta-hydroxycortisol (6beta-OHC) and the urinary ratio of 6beta- hydroxycortisol/cortisol (6beta-OHC/UFC) have been proposed as noninvasive probes for human cytochrome P450 3A4 isoform (CYP3A4). In this study, we evaluated within- and between-day variability of 6beta-OHC excretion and 6beta-OHC/UFC ratio in nine Caucasian men with cardiac disease. ...
Durrant Barbara S - - 2006
Routine analysis of urinary metabolites of estrogen and progesterone provided substantial information about the estrous cycle of bears. However, these data alone were not adequate to determine the precise timing of ovulation needed to maximize AI success rates, or to distinguish between pregnancy and pseudopregnancy. Therefore, there is a critical ...
Turncliff Ryan Z - - 2006
The hepatobiliary disposition of xenobiotics may involve passive and/or active uptake, metabolism by cytochromes P450, and excretion of the parent compound and/or metabolite(s) into bile. Although in vitro systems have been used to evaluate these individual processes discretely, mechanistic in vitro studies of the sequential processes of uptake, metabolism, and ...
Farrugia M-K - - 2006
PURPOSE: In fetal sheep, combined urethral and urachal obstruction initiated at 75 days' gestation and maintained for 30 days led to dysmorphic bladders, similar to those found in humans with prune belly syndrome, and uniformly disrupted kidney development. We aimed to create a less severe model of fetal bladder outlet ...
Resim Sefa - - 2006
We aimed to objectively determine changes in the various urinary parameters along with CaOx saturation level during pregnancy. The study included 15 pregnant women who had no known diseases and were taking no medication except prenatal supplements. Mean age of the patients was 26 years (range 20-30). In all of ...
Jacob Molly - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To study the pattern of excretion of enzymes in urine during normal pregnancy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Primigravidae, with uncomplicated pregnancies, were followed up throughout gestation. Urine samples were collected from them and activities of alanine aminopeptidase (AAP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), acid phosphatase (ACP) and N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase (NAG) activities in urine ...
Decramer Stephane - - 2006
We analyzed urinary polypeptides from individuals with neonatal ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction to predict which individuals with this condition will evolve toward obstruction that needs surgical correction. We identified polypeptides that enabled diagnosis of the severity of obstruction and validated these biomarkers in urine collected in a prospective blinded study. ...
Strahle Avon - - 2006
Comments of women engaged in a longitudinal study of urinary leaking from first trimester to 12 months following birth provide the data for this paper. Useful insights into the factors contributing to the maintenance of silence and ways to break the barriers to discussion of urinary incontinence before, during and ...
Van Brummen Henriette Jorien - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of overactive bladder symptoms (OAB) on women's quality of life (QoL) during and after the first pregnancy, using self-reported symptom-based QoL questionnaires. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 474 women were asked to complete four self-reported questionnaires. Urogenital symptoms were assessed with the ...
Nour Nawal M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Female genital cutting is a cultural practice seen in parts of Africa and Asia. Women who have undergone type III female genital cutting (excising the external genitalia and suturing the remnant tissue to cover the urethra and part of the introitus) can suffer various long-term complications. Defibulation, a procedure ...
D'Alfonso A - - 2006
The changes that take place in the pelvic region during birth can give rise to alterations in the genitourinary system which are at the basis of pathologies such as stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The occurrence of this condition has been correlated to a variety of factors including neonatal birth weight ...
Nisell Henry - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An accurate method to assess albuminuria in pregnancy is mandatory to diagnose pre-eclampsia. Twenty-four-hour urine collection is still the only universally accepted method. This is, however, a cumbersome and inconvenient method. Therefore, the present study aimed at assessing the accuracy of a spot urine albumin/creatinine ratio in pregnant women ...
Micheletto C C Lung Dept, Bussolengo Gen Hospital, Verona, - - 2006
Cysteinil Leukotrienes (LTs) are products of the arachidonic acid cascade which are synthetised by 5-lipoxigenase in inflammatory cells, particularly in eosinophils. Urinary leukotriene E4 concentration (LTE4), that reflects the whole body production of cysteinil-leukotrienes, is particularly increased in patients with aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA). Aim of the present study was to ...
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