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Results 351 - 400 of 899
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Roes E M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are present in large amounts in the human kidney, where they demonstrate a specific distribution. The assessment of urinary excretion of GST alpha (proximal tubules) and pi (distal and collecting tubules) could be helpful in determining if, and to what degree renal tubular damage is present ...
Sun Mou-Jong - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Women often complain of symptoms related to urination during their pregnancy, but data are limited on the clinical profile and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) of pregnant women in Taiwan. This study assessed the prevalence and predisposing factors of LUTS in Taiwanese women during pregnancy. METHODS: A ...
Sherer David M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Micturition syncope is a relatively uncommon cause of sudden and temporary loss of consciousness. Most prevalent in older males, this condition is extremely rare in women. CASES: Two pregnant women presented with recurrent syncope. The syncopal events were more common in the early morning and were precipitated by the ...
Borque C - - 2005
Fecal 17beta-estradiol and progestogens excretion was monitored in adult, female cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus; n = 2), ZGG-12301 (born 3 April 1993), gonadotrophin treated and ZGT-3301, (born 19 August 1993), nontreated, for 120 days using commercially available plate enzyme immunoassay kits prepared for human serum or plasma. There were significant differences ...
Levine Richard J - - 2005
CONTEXT: Preeclampsia may be caused by an imbalance of angiogenic factors. We previously demonstrated that high serum levels of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1), an antiangiogenic protein, and low levels of placental growth factor (PlGF), a proangiogenic protein, predict subsequent development of preeclampsia. In the absence of glomerular disease ...
Arinola O G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: S. haematobium have been implicated in female genital schistosomiasis (FGS), ectopic pregnancy and infertility. The presence of schistosome eggs in urine has been reported to correlate with FGS but host immune response in FGS is yet to be determined. This gap in knowledge is addressed by this study. MATERIALS ...
Gangaram R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Proteinuria is used as a criterion in the classification system for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy including preeclampsia. The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of dipstick urinalysis in a single voided urine sample and in an aliquot of a 24-hour urine collection in the assessment of ...
Dietz Hans Peter - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is generally accepted that parity is a strong predictor of pelvic organ prolapse and incontinence. However, controversy persists as to whether this effect is due to pregnancy itself or parturition. AIMS: To define the contribution of early and late pregnancy to bladder mobility. METHODS: Case control series, using ...
Sato Yuriko - - 2004
PURPOSE: Creation of a vesico-amniotic shunt for obstructive uropathy removes the normal fetal urination cycle. It is unclear how this affects bladder function at term. The authors measured the bladder volume and reviewed the bladder histology after fetal vesicostomy. METHODS: The authors created an obstructive uropathy in fetal lambs at ...
Borrelli A L - - 2004
The aim of this study is to implement the use of biochemical parameters in the analysis of fetal urine to assist with decision making for surgical intervention for fetal obstructive uropathy. Three patients were selected over a 6 month period following ultrasound diagnosis of megabladder and oligohydramnios. Amniocentesis and cystocentesis ...
Ftukijwatari Tsutomu - - 2004
NAD is biosynthesized from tryptophan. Therefore, experimental studies including tryptophan metabolism studies could provide insight into niacin nutrition in pregnancy. Our aim was to determine the change in niacin metabolism during pregnancy by a systemic investigation of how pregnancy alters the tryptophan-niacin metabolism in Japanese women and rats. For the ...
Wood Chris M - - 2004
Silver is taken up as a Na(+) analog (Ag(+)) by freshwater organisms, but little is known about its bioavailability in relation to salinity. Adult Opsanus beta were acclimated to 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100% seawater (Cl(-)=545 mM) and exposed for 24 h to 2.18 microg L(-1) ...
Raila Jens - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The renal function, including the excretion of low-molecular-weight proteins, changes during pregnancy and may cause a urinary excretion of retinol-binding protein (RBP). Whether it is accompanied by a substantial loss of vitamin A (retinol) has not been established yet. We therefore determined the excretion of retinol and RBP in ...
Pollock B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Acne affects 83-95% of 16-year-olds of both sexes, and many seek help from a clinician. Emerging problems with conventional acne treatments, specifically antibiotic resistance of Propionibacterium acnes and fears over the safety and tolerance of oral isotretinoin, create a demand for novel treatment modalities in acne. OBJECTIVES: To study ...
Shackleton Cedric C Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California 94609, USA. - - 2004
We report studies on the second pregnancy of a woman who had previously given birth to a virilized female infant. The cause of the virilization had not been established, but common forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) were excluded. Longitudinal monitoring of the second pregnancy revealed that estriol excretion failed ...
Cragun Deborah L - - 2004
Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS) is a rare condition characterized by radiohumeral synostosis, craniosynostosis, midface hypoplasia, bowing of the femora, multiple joint contractures, and urogenital defects. Several reports have implicated errors of steroid or sterol metabolism in the pathogenesis of ABS. Evidence for this has included association with maternal luteomas, fetal 21-hydroxylase ...
Silva W A - - 2004
Lower urinary tract function consists of a complex interplay of neural input consisting of both involuntary and voluntary controls interacting with specialized anatomical structures. Damage to anatomical support structures may lead to derangements in urethral and bladder function. In addition, disorders related to physiological and neurological function of the lower ...
Shackleton Cedric C Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California 94609, USA. - - 2004
Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS, MIM 207410) is a skeletal abnormality syndrome primarily affecting head and limbs. Little is known of the origin of the condition but inactivating mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR2) has been found in some patients. Genital ambiguity is seen occasionally in this condition, suggesting possible ...
Heazell Alexander E P - - 2004
Urinary retention is a rare complication of early pregnancy with few serious sequelae. A Medline search found no association between urinary symptoms and cervical pregnancy. This case describes urinary retention resulting from a cervical pregnancy and describes a proposed mechanism to explain the presenting symptoms. Cervical pregnancy should be considered ...
Weiss Jeffrey P - - 2004
Pregnancy induces a variety of physiologic changes in the urinary tract. When such changes become accentuated the physiologic becomes the pathologic and symptoms arise, at times of significance enough to threaten the well being of mother and/or fetus. This article intends to describe the basis for urinary physiology and its ...
Bézie Yvonnick - - 2004
Methadone (MTD) maintenance treatment is a recognized method to reduce illicit opiate abuse. Because of the difficulties of collecting 24-hour urines routinely, the monitoring of MTD compliance is currently done with random urinary screening. However, monitoring of MTD compliance by random urinary screening lacks accuracy because of its highly variable ...
Marcus Dawn A - - 2004
Estrogen exerts a strong influence on episodic headaches, such as migraine and tension-type headache. A relationship between sex hormones and chronic daily headache (CDH) is less well established. However, similarities between episodic and CDH suggest that estrogen also may significantly influence CDH. Pathophysiologic studies of CDH identify neurochemical abnormalities similar ...
Fernández Celadilla Lina - - 2004
We examined the test profile of changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), urinary volume, urinary sodium, and protein excretion in normotensive (Sprague Dawley) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) up to the 18th day of pregnancy. On days 6, 11, and 18 of pregnancy, the number of implantation sites, number of ...
Gontero Paolo - - 2004
We describe the occurrence of severe upper urinary tract complications during pregnancy in two women with an ileal conduit. The first patient developed several episodes of left pyelonephritis throughout the duration of her pregnancy but never received proper antibiotic prophylaxis. Intravenous urography performed after delivery documented bilateral staghorn kidney stones ...
Risberg A - - 2004
Pre-eclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy and it is important to detect the condition as early as possible. Albuminuria is an important symptom of pre-eclampsia and repeated urine analyses to screen for the condition are part of the standard antenatal care. The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Yatzidis Hippocrates - - 2004
Urinary calcium excretion increases by 1-2-fold during gestation in normal, uncomplicated pregnant women. Hypercalciuria occurs in all trimesters and elevates urine supersaturation with regards to calcium oxalate. However, crystalluria has not been a frequent clinical finding and stone formation is not a common complication of pregnancy. To elucidate this discrepancy ...
Iwashige Kenichi - - 2004
Low-energy diets and fasting have suppressive effects on rheumatoid arthritis. It was reported recently that urine levels of pentosidine (i.e., an advanced glycation end product formed by glycosylation) is associated with the activity of rheumatoid arthritis. We conducted a regimen of caloric restriction combined with fasting in patients with rheumatoid ...
Salako Babatunde L - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are common major complications of pregnancy and are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in the fetus, the newborn infant and the mother. OBJECTIVES: To access if a single estimation of urinary microalbumin at booking would be of value in the prediction of subsequent development ...
Hopenhayn Claudia - - 2003
Chronic exposure to inorganic arsenic (In-As) from drinking water is associated with different health effects, including skin, lung, bladder, and kidney cancer as well as vascular and possibly reproductive effects. In-As is metabolized through the process of methylation, resulting in the production and excretion of methylated species, mainly monomethylarsenate (MMA) ...
Greenwell T J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pregnancy on renal function, and the effect of congenital urinary tract abnormality and reconstruction on pregnancy and delivery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The case notes were reviewed of 20 women (median age 32.5 years) who had had 29 live babies. Data collected included patient demographics, ...
Adibi Jennifer J - - 2003
Experimental evidence has shown that certain phthalates can disrupt endocrine function and induce reproductive and developmental toxicity. However, few data are available on the extent of human exposure to phthalates during pregnancy. As part of the research being conducted by the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health, we have measured ...
Mor Yoram - - 2003
PURPOSE: Patients with a history of surgical correction of vesicoureteral reflux warrant surveillance for long-term complications. However, there are little data on long-term outcome, based mainly on small series and insufficient followup. Close followup is particularly indicated during pregnancy since these patients tend to have a dilated collecting system and ...
Peele P - - 2003
Mouse urine contains a complex mixture of chemosignals including a variety of small volatile molecules that are bound to major urinary proteins. In addition to signalling maleness, male urine also conveys information about individuality, which allows recently mated female mice to distinguish the urinary chemosignals of the mating male from ...
Matsumoto Kenji - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The physiological roles of eosinophils that accumulate in the uterus during pregnancy and of uterus-dwelling mast cells remain unknown. In the present study, we investigated the degranulation of eosinophils and mast cells within the normal course of pregnancy and after delivery by measuring the urinary concentrations of eosinophil-derived neurotoxin ...
Janakiraman Vanitha - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a time of increased need for calcium. The role of calcium supplements in altering maternal responses to fetal demand for calcium is not fully understood. This article describes the results of a randomized, crossover trial of calcium supplementation on bone resorption among pregnant women. DESIGN/SETTING PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-one ...
Ehrenberg Hugh M - - 2003
A 35-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 0, was seen at 20 weeks' gestation with complete T10 spinal cord transection at age 15 years, subsequent bilateral total leg amputation, urinary diversion, colostomy, and lumbar spine resection. Pregnancy complications included recurrent urinary tract infections, preterm contractions without cervical change, lumbosacral abscesses, and ...
Moran Paul - - 2003
GFR and renal plasma flow (RPF) decrease in preeclampsia, a serious hypertensive complication of pregnancy. Serial data derived in late pregnancy (LP) and >5 mo postpartum (PP) in 13 healthy controls and 10 preeclamptic women (13 and 5, respectively) returning PP for theoretical analysis of neutral dextran sieving curves (theta(D)), ...
Mørkved Siv - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Urinary incontinence is a chronic health complaint that severely reduces quality of life. Pregnancy and vaginal delivery are main risk factors in the development of urinary incontinence. The aim of this study was to assess whether intensive pelvic floor muscle training during pregnancy could prevent urinary incontinence. METHODS: We ...
Washio Takuo - - 2003
The pharmacokinetics and metabolism of SNI-2011 ((+/-)-cis-2-methylspiro[1,3-oxathiolane-5,3'-quinuclidine]monohydrochloride hemihydrate, cevimeline, CAS 153504-70-2), a novel muscarinic acetylcholine receptor agonist developed for the treatment of Sjögen's syndrome, were investigated in six healthy volunteers after a single oral administration of 14C-SNI-2011. After administration, plasma concentrations of the radioactivity and SNI-2011 reached to Cmax at ...
Volkmer Bjoern G - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To review our experience with four pregnancies during the past 5 years with special attention to the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of ureterosigmoidostomy. Pregnancy in women with ureterosigmoidostomy is a rare condition that differs in many ways from pregnancies in women with other forms of urinary diversion. METHODS: From ...
Soldin Offie Porat - - 2002
Iodine deficiency (ID) is associated with increased prevalence of goiter, increased risk for neurodevelopmental disorders, and is the world's leading cause of intellectual deficits. Iodine nutritional status of a population is assessed by measurements of urinary iodine concentrations which are also used to define, indicate, survey and monitor iodine deficiency ...
Toh Khailee - - 2002
PURPOSE: Intrinsic sphincter deficiency is rare in adolescent females with normal bladder emptying function. Information regarding the long-term outcome of therapy in this group of patients is sparse. We report our long-term experience with 3 adolescent females with intrinsic sphincter deficiency and normal bladder function who were treated with an ...
Hashemipoor Mahin - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the urinary iodine excretion of neonates (28 days of age or younger) and their mothers in Isfahan, a centrally located city in Iran, in 1997 after 8 years of iodized salt distribution in an effort to ameliorate iodine deficiency. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study and by means ...
Romano Mario - - 2002
LX are tetraene-containing eicosanoids generated by lipoxygenase (LO) transformation of arachidonic acid (Serhan and Romano, 1995). LX possess potent anti-inflammatory activity in vivo, and temporal biosynthesis of LX, concurrent with spontaneous resolution, has been observed during exudate formation (Levy et al, 2001). Limited results are currently available on the involvement ...
Gross U - - 2002
A 30-year-old woman suffered from acute crises with abdominal, neurological and psychiatric complaints. Urinary haem precursors and faecal porphyrins were excessively elevated compared to the upper level of the normal range. Urinary coproporphyrin isomer III was increased and faecal coproporphyrin isomers I and III showed a complete inversion of the ...
Mojtahedi Mina - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Experimental studies including longitudinal nitrogen balance studies could provide insight into protein metabolism in pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the development of nitrogen balance during pregnancy compared with nitrogen balance before pregnancy in women consuming imposed constant diets. We also tracked changes in muscle mass and lean ...
Beldomenico Pablo Martín - - 2002
The first finding of a Capillariid in the urinary tract of a free ranging maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) is described. The individual was an adult male attacked by dogs in the locality of Cayastacito (Santa Fe, Argentina, 31 degrees 05' S, 60 degrees 34' W). Eggs found in urine measured ...
Chaliha C - - 2002
During pregnancy the urinary tract undergoes extensive anatomical and physiological changes. These changes can result in many symptoms and pathological conditions that may affect the mother and fetus. It is well documented that childbirth may result in urinary tract damage which may predispose to postpartum symptoms. This review describes the ...
Ozalla Dolores - - 2002
The existence of a link between hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and porphyria cutanea tarda has been known for a long time. However, the epidemiologic data on effects on health caused by prenatal exposure have not provided convincing evidence that HCB alters porphyrin metabolism. Our objectives were to analyze urinary porphyrin excretion and ...
Hayashi Masatoshi - - 2002
We evaluated renal functions by urinary biochemical parameters in normotensive pregnancy and preeclampsia. The parameters are expected to be altered resulting from different abnormalities of renal glomeruli and tubules. We chose N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase (NAG), beta2-microglobulin (beta2MG), total protein (TP), albumin (Alb), urea nitrogen (UN), uric acid (UA), and creatinine (Cr). Urinary ...
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