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Results 201 - 250 of 960
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Huang Yongye Y Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Embryo Engineering, College of Animal Sciences, Jilin University , Changchun 130062 , - - 2013
The successful generation of pigs via somatic cell nuclear transfer depends on reducing risk factors in several aspects. To provide an overview of some influencing factors related to embryo transfer, the follow-up data related to cloned pig production collected in our laboratory was examined. (i) Spring showed a higher full-term ...
Chappell Lucy C LC Division of Women's Health, Women's Health Academic Centre, King's College London and King's Health Partners, - - 2013
To identify factors at 15 and 20 weeks' gestation associated with a subsequent uncomplicated pregnancy. Prospective international multicentre observational cohort study. Auckland, New Zealand and Adelaide, Australia (exploration and local replication dataset) and Manchester, Leeds, and London, United Kingdom, and Cork, Republic of Ireland (external confirmation dataset). 5628 healthy nulliparous ...
Ajinkya Shaunak S Department of Psychiatry, MGM Medical College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2013
Depression affects about 20% of women during their lifetime, with pregnancy being a period of high vulnerability. Prevalence of depression during pregnancy ranges from 4% to 20%. Several risk factors predispose to depression during pregnancy including obstetric factors. Depression during pregnancy is not only the strongest risk factor for post-natal ...
James Lois - - 2013
This article presents the results of a meta-analysis of the existing research literature, in an effort to increase our understanding of the prevalence of domestic violence (DV) among pregnant women, and of risk factors associated with DV during pregnancy. Across 92 independent studies, the average reported prevalence of emotional abuse ...
Ali Zarqa - - 2013
Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases among pregnant women. Acute exacerbations of asthma during pregnancy have an unfavorable impact on pregnancy outcome. This review provides an overview of current knowledge of incidence, mechanisms, and risk factors for acute exacerbations of asthma during pregnancy. A narrative literature review ...
Castaman Giancarlo - - 2013
Delivery in von Willebrand disease (VWD) represents a significant hemostatic challenge because of the variable pattern of changes observed during pregnancy of von Willebrand factor (VWF) and factor VIII (FVIII), the protein carried by VWF. Since a wide heterogeneity of phenotypes and of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms is associated with ...
Denoeud-Ndam Lise - - 2013
To investigate the factors associated with HIV1 RNA plasma viral load (pVL) below 40 copies/mL at the third trimester of pregnancy, as part of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in Benin. Sub study of the PACOME clinical trial of malaria prophylaxis in HIV-infected pregnant women, conducted before and after the ...
Levi Marcel - - 2013
Acute coagulopathic peripartum calamities are relatively rare but contribute importantly to maternal morbidity and mortality in the Western world. Abruptio placenta, amniotic fluid embolism, and retained fetal or placental material may lead to fulminant intravascular activation of coagulation which results in thromboembolic complications and consumption coagulopathy causing severe hemorrhage. The ...
Khan Burhan A - - 2013
Recent reports indicate a decline in rates of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) among Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) infants. Nevertheless, AN/AI infants remain disproportionately impacted by the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. AN/AI pregnant women in their 3rd trimester completed a questionnaire on demographic data and the amount and ...
Galyani Moghaddam Tahereh - - 2013
Diseases of the gall bladder have been reported to be the most common cause for non-obstetrical hospitalizations during the first year postpartum. Therefore we designed a prospective study to evaluate the incidence and natural outcome of pregnancy-related biliary sludge and stones, and to define the potential risk factors in a ...
Ditisheim Agnès J - - 2013
The impact of impaired circadian rhythm on health has been widely studied in shift workers and trans-meridian travelers. A part from its correlation with sleep and mood disorders, biological rhythm impairment is a recognized risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and breast cancer. Preeclampsia is a major public health issue, associated ...
Sundrani Deepali - - 2013
Earlier studies indicate that altered angiogenesis at birth is associated with poor birth outcome in women with preeclampsia. Now, we hypothesize that the progressive gestation dependant changes in markers of angiogenesis will be more useful to predict birth weight early even in a normotensive pregnancy. This study for the first ...
Morikawa Mamoru - - 2012
AIM: It is unknown how to reduce the number of macrosomic neonates among women without hyperglycemia. The aim of this study was to determine clinically useful risk factors for macrosomic neonates among women without hyperglycemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted in 117 680 Japanese women without hyperglycemia ...
Bian Yihua - - 2013
Low birth weight (LBW) is an important risk factor for neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity in adults.. However, no large scale study on the prevalence of LBW and related maternal risk factors in China has been published. To explore the effects of maternal factors on LBW for term birth ...
Highet Amanda R - - 2012
A number of maternal and perinatal factors to increase an infant's risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) have been found in past investigations. We analysed data for potential SIDS risk factors including the presence of complications or conditions considered as detrimental to the infant's or mother's health. The data ...
McHunu G - - 2012
Adolescent pregnancy, occurring in girls aged 10-19 years, remains a serious health and social problem worldwide, and has been associated with numerous risk factors evident in the young people's family, peer, school, and neighbourhood contexts. To assess the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy and associated factors in the South African context, ...
Romøren Maria M Department of General Practice, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. - - 2012
Erythromycin is a macrolide antibiotic indicated for respiratory tract infections, genital chlamydia and skin infections. It has recently been suggested that erythromycin use in the first trimester of pregnancy can increase the risk of congenital cardiovascular malformations. This study aimed to determine whether erythromycin exposure in the first trimester is ...
Harris-Glocker Miranda - - 2012
Infertility is defined as a couple's failure to achieve pregnancy after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. The etiology of infertility can be due to female factors, male factors, combined male and female factors, or have an unknown etiology. This review focuses on the role of female pelvic anatomy in ...
Cowans Nicholas J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate gestational age effects of maternal ethnicity and in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy correction factors of first trimester trisomy 21 screening markers pregnancy associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and free-β human chorionic gonadotropin (free hCGβ) in a large dataset. METHODS: Data from ...
Hill Briony - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: nearly half of all women exceed the guideline recommended pregnancy weight gain for their Body Mass Index (BMI) category. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is correlated positively with postpartum weight retention and is a predictor of long-term, higher BMI in mothers and their children. Psychosocial factors are generally not ...
Gong Xiangjun - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that pregnancy loss may affect the mental health of women in subsequent pregnancies. The China Anhui Birth Defects and Child Development cohort study therefore aimed to investigate the influence of pregnancy loss on anxiety and depression in subsequent pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 20,308 pregnant ...
Dørheim Sk - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of, reasons given for, and factors associated with sick leave during pregnancy. DESIGN: Longitudinal, population-based descriptive study. SETTING: Akershus University Hospital, Norway. POPULATION: All women scheduled to give birth at the hospital (November 2008 to April 2010). METHODS: Consenting women were handed a questionnaire at ...
Barker E D ED Developmental Psychopathology Laboratory, Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, UK. - - 2013
Risk factors that are associated with depression in the mother also negatively affect the child. This research sought to extend current knowledge by examining the duration and timing of maternal depression as a moderator of: (1) the impact of dependent interpersonal stress (DIS), such as partner conflict or low social ...
Cohen Tamara R TR School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, - - 2013
The Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) assesses physical activity practices of pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to identify specific pregnancy practices that were associated with a healthy gestational weight gain (GWG). Associations between PPAQ scores, pedometer steps, energy intakes (EI), energy expenditures (EE), and rate of GWG ...
Cerdeira Ana Sofia AS Department of Medicine, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2012
During fetal development, the human placenta undergoes high levels of both angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. Additionally, the developing placenta undergoes a process of vascular mimicry (referred to as pseudovasculogenesis) as cytotrophoblasts convert from an epithelial to an endothelial phenotype. The initiation, maturation, and maintenance of the placental vasculature are of critical ...
Zhang Yi-le - - 2012
We analyzed the incidence of ectopic pregnancy in frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) as a function of natural and hormone replacement cycles and ectopic pregnancy-related factors. In this study, there were 4,034 FET cycles performed in our center between January 2005 and December 2010, and the rates of ectopic pregnancy were ...
Nagy Gyula Richárd - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Maternal trisomy 21 ovarian mosaicism might provide the major causative factor for fetal Down syndrome. The small proportion of trisomy 21 oocytes thought to be retarded in their maturation in comparison to normal disomic ones, and the maternal age effect can be based on an accumulation of trisomy 21 ...
Acer Tu─čba - - 2012
The purpose of our study was to define the factors related to recurrence of labial fusion. The data of 110 patients diagnosed with labial fusion were gathered. The data collected and queried included age and body weight of the patient, season of presentation/occurrence, frequency of diaper change, frequency of diaper ...
Sinha P - - 2012
In the last decade, diagnosis of caesarean scar (CS) pregnancy and abnormal placental invasion has gone up significantly. It appears that the history of previous caesarean section is the predisposing factor common to both conditions. Until now, these are treated as a separate entity and therefore managed differently. Recent available ...
Fisher Jane - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence of and risk factors for common mental disorders (CMD) in pregnant women in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of and psychosocial risk factors for clinically significant symptoms of CMD in early and late pregnancy in women ...
Rauh Claudia - - 2012
Pregnancy and breastfeeding are major factors reducing breast cancer (BC) risk. A potential mechanism for this effect might be changes in mammographic density, but other factors might be involved. The aim of this study was to investigate factors influencing changes in breast size and breast stiffness after pregnancy. Of a ...
Martin Julia Elizabeth - - 2012
Post-partum weight retention (WR) occurs in 60-80% of women with some retaining ≥10 kg with contributing factors reported as pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and breastfeeding. A longitudinal study of pregnancy, with 12-month post-partum follow-up was conducted to determine factors associated with WR. Pregnant women (n = 152) were ...
O'Leary Colleen M - - 2012
Most policies and guidelines recommend that women abstain from alcohol during pregnancy. This can be difficult to achieve in developed nations where the majority of women consume alcohol and almost half of pregnancies are unplanned, leading to many pregnancies being exposed to alcohol prior to pregnancy awareness. Concerns have been ...
Mierla Dana D Life Memorial Hospital, Bucharest - - 2012
Inherited thrombophilias are the leading cause of maternal thromboembolism and are associated with an increased risk of recurrent spontaneous abortion (second- and third-trimester fetal loss). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of factor V and factor II involved in reproductive failure. Recently a possible association between ...
Fei Xu - - 2012
Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disorder of widespread vascular endothelial dysfunction that occurs after twenty weeks of gestation. The aim of the present study was to compare maternal circulating levels of endothelial dysfunction mediators, including the vascular actions of adrenomedullin (AM) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), the angiogenic factor of soluble ...
Savaj Shokoufeh S Firoozgar Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2012
Preeclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy, which is the cause of 60 000 maternal deaths annually worldwide. In addition to the well-known maternal risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, obesity, aging, and multiple pregnancies, recent studies have identified the role of genetic and immunological factors ...
Arch Joanna J - - 2012
In a national US sample of pregnant women (n=311), we investigated the question of who becomes highly anxious about pregnancy by examining putative sociodemographic, pregnancy- and mental health-related predictors of pregnancy anxiety. We also assessed the contribution of pregnancy anxiety to the risk of significant alcohol consumption during pregnancy. English-speaking ...
Cuffe J S M - - 2012
Maternal exposure to increased synthetic glucocorticoids (GC) during pregnancy is known to disturb fetal development and increase the risk of long-term disease. Maternal exposure to elevated levels of natural GC is likely to be common yet is relatively understudied. The placenta plays an important role in regulating fetal exposure to ...
Kareli Dimitra E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study cytogenetic damage in order to estimate the effect of pre-pregnancy smoking on pregnant women and their foetuses. STUDY DESIGN: Lymphocyte cultures were obtained from peripheral blood of 20 women who quit smoking during pregnancy, and umbilical cord blood of their newborns at delivery. Cytogenetic analyses were performed ...
Jacobsen Anne Flem - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality during or early after pregnancy and in women taking hormonal therapy for contraception or for replacement therapy. Post-thrombotic syndrome, including leg oedema and leg pain, is an unrecognized burden after pregnancy-related VTE, which will affect more than two ...
Baïz Nour - - 2012
Context:Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in the increased risk of several diseases. Exposure to air pollution has been suggested as a contributor to vitamin D deficiency. However, studies that have examined the effects of air pollution on vitamin D status are few and have never focused on prenatal life ...
Lee J-Y - - 2012
Prenatal treatment of dexamethasone, a synthetic stress hormone, leads to low birth weight and affects adult pathophysiology. Because fetal growth and survival are critically dependent on the successful placental development, we aimed to investigate the effects of prenatal dexamethasone exposure on placental growth and function, particularly focusing on issues surrounding ...
Proietti Elena - - 2012
Abstract There is increasing evidence of the adverse impact of prenatal exposure to air pollution. This is of particular interest, as exposure during pregnancy-a crucial time span of important biological development-may have long-term implications. The aims of this review are to show current epidemiological evidence of known effects of prenatal ...
Kennedy D A - - 2012
The association between lead and hypertension in adults was first identified in the early 1980's and it has since been proposed that lead may also have a role in gestational hypertension (GH). This systematic review investigates whether lead may be associated with the development of GH or pre-eclampsia. MEDLINE, Embase ...
Li Qian - - 2012
Background/Aims A common algorithm using delivery date and preterm birth diagnosis codes recorded in health plan databases to define gestational length had not been rigorously validated. Methods We identified live born deliveries among women aged 15-45 years in 2001-2007 within 8 HMORN health plans participating in the Medication Exposure in ...
Yildiz Gazi - - 2012
To determine the prevalence and the role of hereditary thrombophilia caused by Factor V Leiden (G1691A), prothrombin G20210A or methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene mutations in recurrent pregnancy loss. One hundred and nine patients, who were admitted to the 3rd Obstetrics and Gynecology Outpatient Clinic in Goztepe Training and Research ...
Selig Brady P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cancer is the second leading cause of death among women of reproductive age. Although the coincidence of pregnancy and cancer is rare and treatment may sometimes be safely delayed, the use of chemotherapeutic agents in pregnancy is sometimes unavoidable or inadvertent. METHODS: We review the literature for the use ...
Iñiguez Carmen - - 2012
ObjectivesScant evidence is available on effects of air pollution on longitudinally measured fetal biometry, and thus it remains unclear as to whether there are critical windows of exposure or specificity of effects. Our objective was to examine the association between exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) during pregnancy and fetal and ...
Lee Pei-Chen PC Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2012
Maternal exposure to ambient air pollution has been associated with adverse birth outcomes such as preterm delivery. However, only one study to date has linked air pollution to blood pressure changes during pregnancy, a period of dramatic cardiovascular function changes. We examined whether maternal exposures to criteria air pollutants, including ...
Rahmalia Annisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies suggest an association between air pollution exposure and foetal growth. The possible underlying biological mechanisms have little been studied in humans, but animal studies suggest an impact of atmospheric pollutants on placental function. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the association between exposure to atmospheric pollutants' levels ...
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