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Results 201 - 250 of 952
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Minatani Mariko M Division of Health Sciences & Nursing, Department of Midwifery and Women's Health, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan ; Kitamura Institute of Mental Health Tokyo, 101 Akasaka 8-5-13, Minato, Tokyo 107-0052, - - 2013
Background. To examine the effects of temperament and character domains on depression during pregnancy. Methods. We examined 601 pregnant women using a questionnaire that included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and demographic variables. Results. In a hierarchical regression analysis, severity of depression during ...
Ajinkya Shaunak S Department of Psychiatry, MGM Medical College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2013
Depression affects about 20% of women during their lifetime, with pregnancy being a period of high vulnerability. Prevalence of depression during pregnancy ranges from 4% to 20%. Several risk factors predispose to depression during pregnancy including obstetric factors. Depression during pregnancy is not only the strongest risk factor for post-natal ...
Chappell Lucy C LC Division of Women's Health, Women's Health Academic Centre, King's College London and King's Health Partners, - - 2013
To identify factors at 15 and 20 weeks' gestation associated with a subsequent uncomplicated pregnancy. Prospective international multicentre observational cohort study. Auckland, New Zealand and Adelaide, Australia (exploration and local replication dataset) and Manchester, Leeds, and London, United Kingdom, and Cork, Republic of Ireland (external confirmation dataset). 5628 healthy nulliparous ...
Millard Louise A C LA MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit at the University of Bristol, Bristol, - - 2013
The long-term consequences of maternal physical activity during pregnancy for offspring cardiovascular health are unknown. We examined the association of maternal self-reported physical activity in pregnancy (18 weeks gestation) with offspring cardiovascular risk factors at age 15. Prospective cohort study. The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). 4665 ...
Zadzińska Elzbieta - - 2013
Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) of paired body structures is considered to be a reliable measurement of developmental instability of humans. The aim of the study is to examine whether the mother's traumatic experience during pregnancy results in an increase of the level of fluctuating asymmetry of the structures of the face. ...
Teremmahi Ardestani Majid M Department of Immunology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2013
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) caused by various genetic and non-genetic factors. After chromosome abnormality, thrombophilia is one of the most important genetic factors that could cause RPL. Factor V Leiden and factor II G20210A mutation were the most common mutations cause thrombophilia in the world. The purpose of this study ...
Stride P J O PJ JP Stride 23 Aland St Wavell Heights Brisbane, Queensland Australia 4012. - - 2013
Paleopathologists have identified osteoporosis in ancient skeletons and modern physicians and scientists have identified risk factors for osteoporosis today, but they are not clearly linked, making it more difficult to clarify the causes of osteoporosis in the past. The evidence for osteoporosis in the remote past, its causes, and the ...
Morikawa Mamoru - - 2012
AIM: It is unknown how to reduce the number of macrosomic neonates among women without hyperglycemia. The aim of this study was to determine clinically useful risk factors for macrosomic neonates among women without hyperglycemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted in 117 680 Japanese women without hyperglycemia ...
Bian Yihua - - 2013
Low birth weight (LBW) is an important risk factor for neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity in adults.. However, no large scale study on the prevalence of LBW and related maternal risk factors in China has been published. To explore the effects of maternal factors on LBW for term birth ...
Highet Amanda R - - 2012
A number of maternal and perinatal factors to increase an infant's risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) have been found in past investigations. We analysed data for potential SIDS risk factors including the presence of complications or conditions considered as detrimental to the infant's or mother's health. The data ...
McHunu G - - 2012
Adolescent pregnancy, occurring in girls aged 10-19 years, remains a serious health and social problem worldwide, and has been associated with numerous risk factors evident in the young people's family, peer, school, and neighbourhood contexts. To assess the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy and associated factors in the South African context, ...
Romøren Maria M Department of General Practice, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. - - 2012
Erythromycin is a macrolide antibiotic indicated for respiratory tract infections, genital chlamydia and skin infections. It has recently been suggested that erythromycin use in the first trimester of pregnancy can increase the risk of congenital cardiovascular malformations. This study aimed to determine whether erythromycin exposure in the first trimester is ...
Harris-Glocker Miranda - - 2012
Infertility is defined as a couple's failure to achieve pregnancy after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. The etiology of infertility can be due to female factors, male factors, combined male and female factors, or have an unknown etiology. This review focuses on the role of female pelvic anatomy in ...
Cowans Nicholas J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate gestational age effects of maternal ethnicity and in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy correction factors of first trimester trisomy 21 screening markers pregnancy associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and free-β human chorionic gonadotropin (free hCGβ) in a large dataset. METHODS: Data from ...
Hill Briony - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: nearly half of all women exceed the guideline recommended pregnancy weight gain for their Body Mass Index (BMI) category. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is correlated positively with postpartum weight retention and is a predictor of long-term, higher BMI in mothers and their children. Psychosocial factors are generally not ...
Gong Xiangjun - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that pregnancy loss may affect the mental health of women in subsequent pregnancies. The China Anhui Birth Defects and Child Development cohort study therefore aimed to investigate the influence of pregnancy loss on anxiety and depression in subsequent pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 20,308 pregnant ...
Dørheim Sk - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of, reasons given for, and factors associated with sick leave during pregnancy. DESIGN: Longitudinal, population-based descriptive study. SETTING: Akershus University Hospital, Norway. POPULATION: All women scheduled to give birth at the hospital (November 2008 to April 2010). METHODS: Consenting women were handed a questionnaire at ...
Barker E D ED Developmental Psychopathology Laboratory, Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, UK. - - 2013
Risk factors that are associated with depression in the mother also negatively affect the child. This research sought to extend current knowledge by examining the duration and timing of maternal depression as a moderator of: (1) the impact of dependent interpersonal stress (DIS), such as partner conflict or low social ...
Cohen Tamara R TR School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, - - 2013
The Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) assesses physical activity practices of pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to identify specific pregnancy practices that were associated with a healthy gestational weight gain (GWG). Associations between PPAQ scores, pedometer steps, energy intakes (EI), energy expenditures (EE), and rate of GWG ...
Zhang Yi-le - - 2012
We analyzed the incidence of ectopic pregnancy in frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) as a function of natural and hormone replacement cycles and ectopic pregnancy-related factors. In this study, there were 4,034 FET cycles performed in our center between January 2005 and December 2010, and the rates of ectopic pregnancy were ...
Nagy Gyula Richárd - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Maternal trisomy 21 ovarian mosaicism might provide the major causative factor for fetal Down syndrome. The small proportion of trisomy 21 oocytes thought to be retarded in their maturation in comparison to normal disomic ones, and the maternal age effect can be based on an accumulation of trisomy 21 ...
Acer Tuğba - - 2012
The purpose of our study was to define the factors related to recurrence of labial fusion. The data of 110 patients diagnosed with labial fusion were gathered. The data collected and queried included age and body weight of the patient, season of presentation/occurrence, frequency of diaper change, frequency of diaper ...
Sinha P - - 2012
In the last decade, diagnosis of caesarean scar (CS) pregnancy and abnormal placental invasion has gone up significantly. It appears that the history of previous caesarean section is the predisposing factor common to both conditions. Until now, these are treated as a separate entity and therefore managed differently. Recent available ...
Fisher Jane - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence of and risk factors for common mental disorders (CMD) in pregnant women in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of and psychosocial risk factors for clinically significant symptoms of CMD in early and late pregnancy in women ...
Rauh Claudia - - 2012
Pregnancy and breastfeeding are major factors reducing breast cancer (BC) risk. A potential mechanism for this effect might be changes in mammographic density, but other factors might be involved. The aim of this study was to investigate factors influencing changes in breast size and breast stiffness after pregnancy. Of a ...
Martin Julia Elizabeth - - 2012
Post-partum weight retention (WR) occurs in 60-80% of women with some retaining ≥10 kg with contributing factors reported as pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and breastfeeding. A longitudinal study of pregnancy, with 12-month post-partum follow-up was conducted to determine factors associated with WR. Pregnant women (n = 152) were ...
O'Leary Colleen M - - 2012
Most policies and guidelines recommend that women abstain from alcohol during pregnancy. This can be difficult to achieve in developed nations where the majority of women consume alcohol and almost half of pregnancies are unplanned, leading to many pregnancies being exposed to alcohol prior to pregnancy awareness. Concerns have been ...
Fei Xu - - 2012
Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disorder of widespread vascular endothelial dysfunction that occurs after twenty weeks of gestation. The aim of the present study was to compare maternal circulating levels of endothelial dysfunction mediators, including the vascular actions of adrenomedullin (AM) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), the angiogenic factor of soluble ...
Savaj Shokoufeh S Firoozgar Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2012
Preeclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy, which is the cause of 60 000 maternal deaths annually worldwide. In addition to the well-known maternal risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, obesity, aging, and multiple pregnancies, recent studies have identified the role of genetic and immunological factors ...
Mierla Dana D Life Memorial Hospital, Bucharest - - 2012
Inherited thrombophilias are the leading cause of maternal thromboembolism and are associated with an increased risk of recurrent spontaneous abortion (second- and third-trimester fetal loss). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of factor V and factor II involved in reproductive failure. Recently a possible association between ...
Arch Joanna J - - 2012
In a national US sample of pregnant women (n=311), we investigated the question of who becomes highly anxious about pregnancy by examining putative sociodemographic, pregnancy- and mental health-related predictors of pregnancy anxiety. We also assessed the contribution of pregnancy anxiety to the risk of significant alcohol consumption during pregnancy. English-speaking ...
Kareli Dimitra E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study cytogenetic damage in order to estimate the effect of pre-pregnancy smoking on pregnant women and their foetuses. STUDY DESIGN: Lymphocyte cultures were obtained from peripheral blood of 20 women who quit smoking during pregnancy, and umbilical cord blood of their newborns at delivery. Cytogenetic analyses were performed ...
Cuffe J S M - - 2012
Maternal exposure to increased synthetic glucocorticoids (GC) during pregnancy is known to disturb fetal development and increase the risk of long-term disease. Maternal exposure to elevated levels of natural GC is likely to be common yet is relatively understudied. The placenta plays an important role in regulating fetal exposure to ...
Jacobsen Anne Flem - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality during or early after pregnancy and in women taking hormonal therapy for contraception or for replacement therapy. Post-thrombotic syndrome, including leg oedema and leg pain, is an unrecognized burden after pregnancy-related VTE, which will affect more than two ...
Baïz Nour - - 2012
Context:Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in the increased risk of several diseases. Exposure to air pollution has been suggested as a contributor to vitamin D deficiency. However, studies that have examined the effects of air pollution on vitamin D status are few and have never focused on prenatal life ...
Lee J-Y - - 2012
Prenatal treatment of dexamethasone, a synthetic stress hormone, leads to low birth weight and affects adult pathophysiology. Because fetal growth and survival are critically dependent on the successful placental development, we aimed to investigate the effects of prenatal dexamethasone exposure on placental growth and function, particularly focusing on issues surrounding ...
Proietti Elena - - 2012
Abstract There is increasing evidence of the adverse impact of prenatal exposure to air pollution. This is of particular interest, as exposure during pregnancy-a crucial time span of important biological development-may have long-term implications. The aims of this review are to show current epidemiological evidence of known effects of prenatal ...
Li Qian - - 2012
Background/Aims A common algorithm using delivery date and preterm birth diagnosis codes recorded in health plan databases to define gestational length had not been rigorously validated. Methods We identified live born deliveries among women aged 15-45 years in 2001-2007 within 8 HMORN health plans participating in the Medication Exposure in ...
Yildiz Gazi - - 2012
To determine the prevalence and the role of hereditary thrombophilia caused by Factor V Leiden (G1691A), prothrombin G20210A or methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene mutations in recurrent pregnancy loss. One hundred and nine patients, who were admitted to the 3rd Obstetrics and Gynecology Outpatient Clinic in Goztepe Training and Research ...
Kennedy D A - - 2012
The association between lead and hypertension in adults was first identified in the early 1980's and it has since been proposed that lead may also have a role in gestational hypertension (GH). This systematic review investigates whether lead may be associated with the development of GH or pre-eclampsia. MEDLINE, Embase ...
Selig Brady P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cancer is the second leading cause of death among women of reproductive age. Although the coincidence of pregnancy and cancer is rare and treatment may sometimes be safely delayed, the use of chemotherapeutic agents in pregnancy is sometimes unavoidable or inadvertent. METHODS: We review the literature for the use ...
Iñiguez Carmen - - 2012
ObjectivesScant evidence is available on effects of air pollution on longitudinally measured fetal biometry, and thus it remains unclear as to whether there are critical windows of exposure or specificity of effects. Our objective was to examine the association between exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) during pregnancy and fetal and ...
Lee Pei-Chen PC Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2012
Maternal exposure to ambient air pollution has been associated with adverse birth outcomes such as preterm delivery. However, only one study to date has linked air pollution to blood pressure changes during pregnancy, a period of dramatic cardiovascular function changes. We examined whether maternal exposures to criteria air pollutants, including ...
Rahmalia Annisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies suggest an association between air pollution exposure and foetal growth. The possible underlying biological mechanisms have little been studied in humans, but animal studies suggest an impact of atmospheric pollutants on placental function. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the association between exposure to atmospheric pollutants' levels ...
Miranda Marie Lynn - - 2012
Adverse birth outcomes are associated with exposure to air pollution during pregnancy. Road proximity is a simple, widely available metric for capturing local variation in exposure to traffic-related air pollution. We characterized maternal exposure to traffic-related air pollution during pregnancy using residential proximity to major roadways among 2004-2008 singleton births ...
Polifka Janine E - - 2012
Drugs that interfere with the renin-angiotensin system, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), are widely used to manage hypertension and heart failure. Adequate functioning of the RAS is essential for normal fetal kidney development. The potential for ACEIs and ARBs to impair fetal and neonatal ...
Chambers Christina D - - 2012
Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α medications are used for the treatment of a number of autoimmune diseases. Evaluation of pregnancy safety for these medications is complicated by the contribution of the underlying maternal disease to adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm delivery and reduced birth weight. Placental transport of these ...
Nusinovici S - - 2012
The transplacental transmission capacity demonstrated for Bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) in cattle probably is associated with an increased occurrence of abortions. The objectives of this study were to quantify the effect of BTV-8 exposure on the occurrence of abortions in previously naive dairy cow herds under natural infection conditions, ...
Ajah L O - - 2012
Retained placenta membranes and tissue are responsible for 5% to 10% of postpartum hemorrhage. Placenta accreta occurs in approximately 1 in 2500 pregnancies of which placenta percreta constitutes about 5% of placenta accreta. This portends the rarity of placenta percreta especially in a 32 year old woman with minimal risk ...
Malagoli Carlotta - - 2012
The issue of adverse human health effects due to exposure to electromagnetic fields is still unclear, and congenital anomalies are among the outcomes that have been inconsistently associated with such exposure. We conducted a population-based, case-control study to examine the risk of congenital anomalies associated with maternal exposure to magnetic ...
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