Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 943
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Vald?s G - - 2001
Since normal human pregnancy is characterized by normotension in the face of an increased renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), we evaluated the temporal pattern of urinary excretion of a novel vasodilator within this system, angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-[1-7]), during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and lactation. The urinary profiles of Ang I, Ang II, human ...
Nicolini U - - 2001
There are a number of potential biochemical markers that may have some role in predicting renal function postnatally. These include urinary sodium, calcium and beta2-microglobulin. The latter may also be measured in fetal serum. However, the accuracy of these parameters at a point in time is far from perfect as ...
Jouannic J M - - 2001
We report a case of a sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) diagnosed at 22 weeks with a substantial intrapelvic cystic extension leading to bladder outlet obstruction and hydronephrosis at 27 weeks. Prenatal percutaneous shunting of the cystic teratoma was performed at 28 weeks to avoid prolonged fetal pelvic compression by the tumour ...
Ekbom P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of microalbuminuria on pregnancy outcome in women with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study took place at the Obstetric Clinic at National University Hospital, Copenhagen, from January 1996 to February 2000. All Caucasian women with type 1 diabetes, unselected from ...
Grossfeld G D - - 2001
Orthotopic lower urinary tract reconstruction is the procedure of choice in appropriately selected men and women requiring cystectomy. Despite extensive experience with this technique, no consensus exists regarding which intestinal segment or reservoir configuration provides the best results. Consequently, various bowel segments and neobladder designs have been described. In 1988, ...
Ranke A - - 2001
Multicystic Renal Dysplasia (MRD) was discovered during antenatal ultrasound examination in 138 fetuses between 1980 and 1995. Associated malformations were present in 66 % (42 % urological) and 22 % of the fetuses did not survive the pregnancy or the peri-natal period.Anatomical analysis showed a wider variety of MRD than ...
Wijma J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and the development of urinary incontinence in nulliparous pregnant women, both subjectively and objectively, and to investigate the relation of incontinence with the mobility of the urethro-vesical junction measured by perineal ultrasound. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: University Hospital and Martini Hospital Groningen, the ...
Van Rooijen J J - - 2001
Uromodulin was isolated from urine of three pregnant women. Urine of each donor was collected at subsequent stages of their pregnancy and at one month after gestation. Each batch of uromodulin was enzymatically N-deglycosylated and the released N-glycans were isolated, quantified and profiled by high-pH anion-exchange chromatography. In the course ...
Rossi P - - 2001
It has previously been shown that leukotriene E4 production is increased both in acute and chronic lower limb ischaemia. The aim of this study was to measure the effect of revascularisation on leuktriene E4 excretion in chronic lower limb ischaemia. Revascularisation did not affect significantly on leukotriene E4 excretion (preop. ...
Whitfield P D - - 2001
Metachromatic leukodystrophy is an inherited disorder characterized by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme arylsulfatase A and the subsequent accumulation of sulfatide in neural and visceral tissues. Clinical diagnosis is usually confirmed by in vitro analysis of arylsulfatase A activity, but may be complicated in cases of arylsulfatase A pseudodeficiency ...
Shapiro T A - - 2001
Broccoli sprouts are a rich source of glucosinolates and isothiocyanates that induce phase 2 detoxication enzymes, boost antioxidant status, and protect animals against chemically induced cancer. Glucosinolates are hydrolyzed by myrosinase (an enzyme found in plants and bowel microflora) to form isothiocyanates. In vivo, isothiocyanates are conjugated with glutathione and ...
Thomson C D - - 2001
The New Zealand environment is low in selenium and iodine, and is therefore ideally suited for the study of these anionic trace elements. The aim of this study was to determine urinary excretion of selenium and iodine during pregnancy and postpartum as part of an investigation of the influence of ...
Kennaway D J - - 2001
Recent studies have shown that intrauterine growth retardation or fetal distress in human infants is associated with a pronounced reduction in melatonin secretion during the first 3 months of life. It is not known whether these associations persist beyond infancy. We have therefore examined the relationship between birthsize and melatonin ...
Lin S H - - 2001
Hypokalemia and hypophosphatemia are commonly encountered during paralysis in patients with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) and may contribute to neuromuscular manifestations. Potassium and phosphate supplements have been recommended to hasten recovery and prevent cardiopulmonary complications. However, this recommendation has not yet proven efficacious. Hyperadrenergic activity has been implicated in the ...
Rosati P - - 2001
Transvaginal sonography has enhanced the ability to follow fetal development and detect pathologies in early gestation. Examination of the fetal urinary tract is an integral part of routine sonographic examinations in the second trimester of pregnancy and one of the major benefits of prenatal sonography is to allow early diagnosis ...
Hayashi M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Little is known about when the urinary excretion of a combination of N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and beta2-microglobulin (beta2MG) concentration [relative to creatinine (Cr)] reaches maximal values during uncomplicated normotensive pregnancy. This study was thus designed to analyze when urinary excretion of biochemical parameters was increased during normotensive pregnancy. METHODS: NAG, ...
Cheng S Y - - 2001
Penaeus japonicus (12.83 +/- 1.24 g) which were exposed individually to 0.002 (control), 0.076, 0.362, 0.719 and 1.433 mM nitrite at 30 ppt of salinity were examined for hemolymph ammonia, urea and nitrite, and nitrogenous excretion after 3, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h, respectively. Hemolymph nitrite and hemolymph urea ...
Cavallone D - - 2001
Human Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein (THP) is synthesised in the thick ascending limb of Henle and convoluted distal tubules, inserted into luminal cell-surface by the glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor and excreted in urine at a rate of 50-100 mg per day. Up to date there is no indication on the way in which THP ...
Reyes-Romero M A - - 2001
Estriol is the most abundant estrogen during human pregnancy, it has a low estrogenic effect and its physiological role is not known. Recently it has been shown that estrogens have antioxidant and free-radical scavenging activity; in free form estrogens are lipophilic, here it is proposed that the role of estriol ...
Yamashita M - - 2001
We examined the consistency of the so-called aberrant pyramidal tract (APT) in 150 consecutive autopsied human brains using the modified Bielschowsky stain for axons. We were able to identify the APT in all brains except for one with holoprosencephaly. The APT left the pyramidal tract within the crus cerebri and ...
Gulson B L - - 2000
We have compared lead isotopic ratios and lead concentrations in 53 spot urine and 59 24-h urine samples from 13 subjects covering the interval from pre-pregnancy through 180 days postpartum to estimate the amount of lead excreted in urine and renal clearance relative to blood. The total amount of lead ...
Sher A - - 2000
Enterohepatic recycling of estrogen after oral administration of 1 mg non-radioactive estriol was studied in fourteen women selected as the control subjects and ten infertile women in whom the infertility was appearing to be of endocrine origin. The extent of enterohepatic recycling of estriol (E3) during the early follicular phase ...
Hampl R - - 2000
16alpha-Hydroxydehydroepiandrosterone is the precursor of fetal 16alpha-hydroxylated estrogens, the main phenolic steroids in pregnancy. For years their serum levels have been used as biochemical markers of well being of the fetus. In adults, however, increased levels of 16-hydroxylated estrogens were put in relation to the risk of cancer and, more ...
Kirchhof K - - 2000
A field study was conducted in 40 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) by comparing their residual urine volumes with the Kurtzke Functional Systems Scales for pyramidal (PFS) or bladder functions (BFS). To determine whether raised residual urine volumes necessitating intermittent self catheterisation can be predicted by the PFS or BFS. ...
Takanashi K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is associated with a quantitative imbalance between lipid peroxide and an antioxidant coproduced in the placenta. To investigate our hypothesis that 2-hydroxyestradiol 17-sulfate (2-OH-ES) is the placental antioxidant during pregnancy, we developed an assay for 2-OH-ES in urine and studied samples from women with and without preeclampsia. METHODS: ...
Stefanakis A - - 2000
A competitive inhibition-type enzymeimmunoassay (EIA) has been developed using 3-hemisuccinate-oestrone-peroxidase as conjugate for direct measurement of the hormone in swine urine. The method has a minimum detection level at 0.3 ng ml(-1) and satisfactory specificity, recovery and reproducibility. In a field trial with a group of 387 sows (7 in ...
Platts J K - - 2000
The changes in renal kallikrein synthesis through normal pregnancy and its relation to aldosterone excretion and the glomerular filtration rate was investigated. Overnight urinary kallikrein and aldosterone excretion rates and glomerular filtration rate were measured at 18 weeks, 34 weeks, term and postpartum in normal human pregnancy. Kallikrein excretion was ...
Sofer M - - 2000
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), Dornier Medical Systems, remains the main form of therapy for most urinary stones. The minimally invasive nature of ESWL makes it an attractive form of therapy to both patients and physicians. Many patients however may be most effectively managed by an endoscopic procedure either percutaneously ...
Curtis D J - - 2000
Endocrine profiles were investigated in wild and captive mongoose lemurs (Eulemur mongoz; Lemuridae) by analysing faecal progestagens and oestrogens. Oestrous cycle characterization was not possible, as most females appeared to conceive during the first oestrus of the breeding season. Conception was preceded by a pseudo-oestrus with no discernible luteal phase. ...
Chaliha C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pregnancy and delivery on continence and to assess whether physical markers of collagen weakness can predict postpartum urinary and fecal incontinence (including incontinence of flatus). METHODS: In a prospective, longitudinal study in a London teaching hospital, 549 nulliparas were interviewed after 34 weeks' gestation ...
Mitra S C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the bladder cycle and urine output by the fetus and the effect of intrauterine exposure to cocaine on both. METHODS: Fetal hourly urine production rate and bladder cycle length were measured in two groups of pregnant women between 20 and 40 weeks of gestation. ...
Mouriquand P D - - 1999
The development of antenatal ultrasonography and the detection of fetal uropathies has created a new field for paediatric urologists. The embryology and physiology of the fetal renal tract is still poorly understood. It is, however, recognised that delays in the maturation of the renal system can lead to transient dilatation ...
Jackson A A - - 1999
Oral lactose-ureide is resistant to human digestive enzymes, but is fermented by the colonic microflora. Nine normal adults consuming a diet which provided 36 g of protein/day were given oral doses of lactose-[(13)C]ureide and lactose-[(15)N,(15)N]ureide. The appearance on breath of (13)CO(2) derived from lactose-[(13)C]ureide was followed for 48 h. The ...
Smith C - - 1999
In a previous longitudinal study of urinary kallikrein (UK) excretion in pregnancy we reported that women with low inactive UK (IUK) to creatinine ratio (IUK:Cr), measured at 16-20 weeks gestation, were at increased risk of developing pregnancy induced hypertension. In this study, 8 years later, we have recalled 14 women ...
Thorp J M JM Jr Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, - - 1999
Pregnancy and childbirth are commonly thought to be associated with the development of urinary incontinence and lower urinary tract symptoms. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship, if any, between pregnancy and the development of lower urinary tract symptoms. A prospective study of lower urinary tract symptoms ...
Shackleton C H - - 1999
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is a malformation syndrome associated with 7-dehydrocholesterol (7DHC) 7-reductase deficiency. Although SLOS can be detected in an affected fetus before midpregnancy by measurement of 7DHC levels in amniotic fluid or chorionic villus cells, a noninvasive, more routine method is needed. Accordingly, this study was instigated to search ...
Nakagomi M - - 1999
3-(1-Carboxypropyl) ether derivatives of 15alpha-hydroxyestradiol 15-N-acetylglucosaminide (15alpha-OHE2 15NAG) and 15alpha-hydroxyestriol (E4) 15NAG were synthesized and conjugated with bovine serum albumin. Antisera elicited in rabbits possessed high affinity and specificity for the 15alpha-hydroxyestrogen (15alpha-OHEs) 15NAG, exhibiting no significant cross-reactivity with 15alpha-OHEs and their positional isomers such as 16NAG and 17NAG. Enzyme ...
Zadik Z - - 1999
Children with adrenocortical insufficiency are commonly instructed to increase three to five times baseline glucocorticoid replacement dose during periods of stress such as surgery or febrile illness. The present study was undertaken to determine whether these recommendations reflect the actual change in urinary free cortisol (UFC) output during stress in ...
Fiess M - - 1999
The aims of the present study were to (i) determine the relative abundance of the 5alpha-reduced progestins 5alpha-pregnane-3-ol-20-one (5alpha-P-3OH) and 5alpha-dihydroprogesterone (5alpha-DHP) and progesterone (P4) in African elephant feces and to establish improved fecal progestin assays for monitoring ovarian function; and (ii) describe longitudinal profiles of urinary and fecal progestin ...
Baggot P J - - 1999
PURPOSE: Valproate (VPA) is a teratogenic anticonvulsant (AED), but vitamin supplementation has been suggested to limit the effect of VPA on the fetus. Maternal urinary metabolites were monitored to assess the metabolic effects of VPA before and after vitamin supplementation. METHODS: A pregnant woman with epilepsy receiving VPA and ethosuximide ...
Poole J H - - 1999
Acute renal failure (ARF) during pregnancy is a rare event. However, the care of the woman diagnosed with ARF is a challenge for the perinatal care team. The physiologic hydronephrosis and hydroureter of pregnancy alters clinical parameters for assessing the woman diagnosed with ARF. Urinary stasis and enhanced filtration predisposes ...
Foldspang A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between pregnancy, vaginal childbirth and obstetric techniques, and the prevalence of urinary incontinence among adult women aged 20 to 59 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey enrolled a random sample of 6240 women aged 20 to 59 years who were mailed a self-administered questionnaire focusing ...
Mock D M - - 1999
Although estimated average requirements for biotin have been proposed, the human requirements for biotin in specific populations and at various ages remain uncertain, in part because indicators of biotin status have not been validated. With the use of improved methods for measuring biotin and metabolites, a recent study indicated that ...
Chang S L - - 1999
In this study, structural changes within the lamina propria and detrusor layers were analysed during development as a function of bladder filling. Second-, third- and full-term foetal bovine bladders were filled to 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of their total capacity and snap frozen. The bladders were analysed histochemically ...
Mørkved S - - 1999
The purpose of the study was to investigate the prevalence of urinary incontinence during pregnancy and the postpartum, and to examine postpartum pelvic floor muscle strength. Eight weeks postpartum the prevalence of urinary incontinence and pelvic floor muscle strength was registered. All women in a Norwegian community, delivering at the ...
McGregor J A JA Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver Health and Hospital, 80204, - - 1999
The object of the study was to characterize daily values and patterns of salivary estriol levels during normal pregnancy at mid to late gestation. We measured salivary estriol levels in a clinical research center setting with an established enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Fourteen pregnant women (24-36 weeks' gestation) submitted unstimulated saliva ...
Li C - - 1998
There has been little explanation of herbal medicines by modern medical sciences, including pharmacokinetics, whereas physicians follow empirical indications written in classical literature. Recent reports of herb-induced adverse reactions compelled us to proceed the investigation of a herbal medicine Shosaiko-to (TJ-9) from a pharmacokinetic point of view. To five healthy ...
Wachsberg R H - - 1998
Among 23 asymptomatic pregnant women with ureteral jets noted at color Doppler ultrasonography, jets were detected at only one ureteral orifice in three (13%) during the third trimester. In each such case, normal jets were detected from the suspicious ureter after the patient turned to the contralateral decubitus position. A ...
Stamilio D M - - 1998
Urinary tract abnormalities are fairly common in the perinatal period. Ultrasonography is an effective diagnostic tool for identifying fetal urinary tract anomalies and can be helpful in establishing prognosis and guiding treatment decisions. The sonographer is encouraged to characterize and localize the fetal urinary tract abnormality when identified. In doing ...
Glass I A - - 1998
A method for determining whether a pregnant woman with an extremely low serum oestriol (ELSE) measurement of mid-trimester is carrying a fetus with steroid sulphatase deficiency or another more serious disorder is described. We undertook GC/MS analysis of steroids in random maternal urine samples and quantified oestriol, oestriol precursors (dehydroepiandrosterone ...
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